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Full text of "India rubber world"

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LORIDE OF SULPHUR 
ULPHIDE OF CARBON 
BON TETRA-CHLORIDE 
ALCANNIN PASTE 

jeo. W. Speaight, 

==ultoa St., New York 



The BEST BUCKLES for ARCTICS 

ARB HADB BY 

THE WELD MFQ. CO., 
41 Lincoln Street, - • Boston. 



ft 




If 



RAIN COATS 



Must have tbii Circular 
Trade Mark atamped la 
inside of coat.. 





f .uTCHOUC 



%\mkU^ 



Edited by HENRY C. PEARSON-Of flees. No. 150 Nassau Street. NEW YORK. 



foL XXXIII. No. 1. 



OCTOBER 1, 1905. 



86 CoBti a Copy. 
$8.00 For Tear. 



ESTABLISHED 1859. 



.RU£ 



THE LIVERPOOL RUBBER COMPANY, Ltd. 

LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND. 

M ■ I « I ^ 

The highest grade of Rubber Boots and Shoes, " Liver ^' 
and ** Ideal" Canvas Shoes, etc., etc. 

High grade Mechanical, Engineering and Mill Work, 
Railway Springs, Valves, Buffers, Sheets, Insertion, Rings, 
Bladders, Deckles, Printers' Blankets, Hose, Belting, Mats, 
Packing, etc., etc. 
Cycle and Carriage Tires, '' Lockfast " pneumatic, single tube, cushion 
and solid. India Rubber Thread. 




CHIEF OFFICE: 292 VAUXHALL RD., LIVERPOOL, 
and at 34 Aldermanbury, London, E. C, 
20 Rue des Marais, Paris, 
o 333 Kent St., Sydney, New South Wales. 

Factories: Vauxhall Road, and Walton, LiverpooL 

Mtntion the India Rubber World when j/ou write. 



Ghlorid 

of 
Sulphu 

Carbii 
tetra- 
Chlorid 

Larges 
Maker! 
in the 
World, 

Acker 
Process 
Co. 

Niagari 
Falls, N. 

SEE 
PAGE 
XXVI 



BENZOL, the Most Powerful Solvent for Rubber. Lowest Prices. 

SAMUEL CABOT BOSTON, MASS. 



II 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



ESTABLISHED 1854, 



Floor Area of 

Factories and Warehouse, 

21 Acres. 




The Largest Rubber Factor> 

in Canada, and one of 

the Largest in the 

World. 



TKAOC MARK 



THE CANADIAN RUBBER COMPANY 

OF MONTREAL Limited 



MANUFACTURERS OF ALL KINDS OF 



High Grade Mechanical Rubber Goods 



AND SOLE MAKERS OF THE 



^^i^^Ii^*^" CANADIAN'' ^^"bbers. 

SHOE output: 15,000 PAIRS DAILY. 



Bcltin^g, Hose, Packin^g, 

Light Mechanical and Moulded Rubber Goods, 

Druggists' Sundries, 

Sporting and Stationers' Goods, 

Horse Shoe Pads, Rubber Heels. 



Rubber Tires, Both Solid and Pneumatic, 
For Automobiles, Carriages and Bicycles, 
Carriage Cloth, Clothing and Proofing. 
Plumbers' Goods, Patent Tiling, 

Everything in {Rubber Specialties. 



n 



FIRE HOSE AND FIRE DEPARTMENT SUPPLIES. 

Sole Agents In Canada for The Fabric Fire Hose Co., N. Y. 
Factory and Executive Offices: MONTREAL, QUEBEC. 



Wc are always open to correspond 
with experienced Robber men, 
both for Factory and Executive 
Work. 



Sales Branches : 
HALIFAX, N. S., 
MONTREAL, Que.. 
TORONTO. Ont.. 

WINNIPEQ. Man., 
VANCOUVER, B. C. 

D. LORNE McQIBBON. Gen'l Hgr. 

Mention The India Rubber World when you tvrite. 



Inventions kindred to the Trade 
and ideas for development in- 
vited. Our Development De- 
partment gives these matters 
special attention. 



October i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^VORLD 




WHERE RUBBER FIGURES IN THE NEWS. 



WPo^ 



Fablished on the 1st of each Month by 

THE INDIA RUBBER PUBLISHING CO. 

No. 150 NASSAU ST.. NEW YORK. 



HENRY C. PEARSON, 

EDITOR. 



HAWTHORNE HILL, 
ASSOCIATE. 



Vol. 33. 



OCTOBER 1, 1905. 



No. 1. 



SCBSORiPTioNa : $3.00 per year, $1.76 for six months, postpaid, for the United 
Slates and Canada. Foreign countries, same price. Special Kates for 
Clubs of live, ten or more subscribers. 

Advertising: Kates will be made known on application. 

Remittances ; Should always be made bybank draft. Post Office Orders or 
Express Money orders on New York, payable to The India Kubbek 
PuBLisHiN<H'OMi*ANV. Remittances for foreign subscriptions should 
be sent by Internatu>ual Tost order, payable as above. 

Discontinuances : Yearly orders for subscriptions and advertising are 
regarded as permanent, and after the tirst twelve months they will 
bedlscontinued only at the request of the subscriber or advertiser. 
Bills are rendered promptly at the beginning of each period, and 
thereby our patrons have due notice of continuance. 



COPYRIGHT, 190s, B Y 

THE INDIA RUBBER PUBLISHING CO. 

Entered at New York Post Office as mall matter of the second-class. 



TABLt OF CONTENTS. 

PAOK. 

Kditorlal: 

Where Rubber Fienres in the News 1 

A Comlui; Creat Use of Kubber Hose a 

Minor Ediloiial •> 

The "Guayule" Rubber Plant-III 3 

[With 3 Illustrations.] 

New Trade Fablications 4 

A Glimpse of Rubber Planting in Costa Rica The Editor 5 

[Willi I" Illuslralions.] 

Interest in "Sapium" Rubber in the Far East 10 

[With a report by Mr. Herbert Wright.] 

The India- Rubber Trade in Great Britain. Our Bcaular CorreKpondaU 11 
[ The W.iterpruof Trade. Mastic Michelin. The Card Clothing Indus- 
try. Reclaimed Rubber Patents. Lawn Tennis Balls. Ceylon Rubber 
Plantinp. White Lead Legislation. New Rubber Scrap Machine. Fu- 
ture Price of Sulphur.] 

Bad Conditions in tlie Acre Rubber District Franco Vicira 13 

Rubber Monopoly in Nicaragua 14 

The Progress of Rubber Planting 15 

[Malacca Rubber Plantations. Limited. Rubber at the Penang Show. 
Notes on Plantations in Me,\ico. Rubber Taoping in Nicaragua ] 
[With I Illustration ] 

Recent Rubber Patents 17 

(L'nited States. Great Britain. France.] 

Vacuum and Compressed Air Cleaning in New Yirk 

Frank L. Blanchard 19 
[With 2 Illustrations.] 

Obituary— Joseph West Green ai 

[With a Portrait.] 

New Goods and Specialties in Rubber 22 

[Goodrich Surgeons' Syringe Outlit. Dr. Tullar's Vaginal Spray. A 

Sev. Kelly-Springfield Tire Feature. Trouser Robe for Motorisls. An 

Adjustable Fountain Syringe Shut-off. The '* Handy" Tobacco Pouch. 

Goodrich Three Finger Glove. Foster Crimped Fiber Sole.] 

[With lu Illustrations.] 

Rubber Interests in Europe 24 

Miscellaneous : 

'rill- Ubero Planting Companies 2 

iLullarubber Goods liiCommerce 4 

Uevelopnieut of Colombia 9 

Colorado Uubber' Hoodooed" g 

The Return of Mr. Flint (/(!«.'!(ra(ed) 23 

Trade CLish Over Golf Kails 29 

The Textile Goods .Market SO 

News of the American Rubber Trade 25 

[With Portraits of N. K Ailing and F. H. Applelon.] 

Review of the Crude Rubber Market 30 



T^HE eager interest with which the planting element in 
■*■ the Far East seizes upon whatever may pertain to 
rubber is illu.strated on another page of this issue, on 
(vhich we reproduce a report cabled to a leading Ceylon, -^j^^ 
newspaper, summarizing from The India Ruhber World ^ 
an account of a new source of Amazon rubber. The 
Ceylon paper's correspondent felt that the mails were too 
slow to convey the facts to his home office, and through 
his use of the cable the editor at Colombo was able, two 
weeks before the arrival of Tiik India Ruhukr M'orld, to 
obtain and print some expert information from the local 
government botanical service and to discuss the whole 
subject editorially. 

It is plain that journalists so experienced as those in 
charge of T//e Times of Ceylon would hardly resort to such 
use of the ocean telegraph if not convinced of the acute 
interest of their reading public in rubber and its produc- 
tion. The planters may have to wait for six or seven 
years for the first yield of rubber from a given planting, 
but are unwilling to wait seven days for any facts which 
may have an important bearing upon the future of the 
rubber culture. 

But the use of the cable to carry rubber news to the Far 
P-ast is not new ; the planters out there — and a lot of oth- 
ers as well — want to know the prices paid at each London 
rubber auction before the next day, and their evening 
newspapers supply the information. It has been usual to 
speak of the people of the Amazon regions as living by 
rubber, but the European residents of Ceylon and the 
Straits will soon be in the same position if half their plans 
and projects as reflected in the daily journals out there 
should materialize. Already rubber seems to have entered 
into the life of the people there in as many ways as cotton 
in the southern United States or coal in Pennsylvania. It 
occupies the attention of the local governments ; it is the 
subject of scientific investigation ; it figures in the trans- 
actions of what serve as the local stock exchanges ; and 
what is more, real rubber forms part of the exports and is 
the basis of income of a lot of people. 

His Kxcellency the governor of the Straits Settlements, in 
opening the recent big agricultural fair at Penang, at which 
the interest in plantation rubber exhibits exceeded that in 
any other feature of the show, spoke at length of the rubber 
prospects, warning planters not to let the company promo- 
ters profit too greatly at their expense. Naturally the for- 
mation of large planting companies is being undertaken 
on all sides, and their shares are quoted in London finan- 
cial circles along with American railway securities and 
South African mining stocks, but it would be a mistake 
to assume that the interest in rubber planting in the lirit- 
ish colonies is due, even in large part, to company pro- 
moters. 

What the Colombo and Singapore and Kuala Lumpur 
papers put before their readers morning and evening is 
data contributed by practical planters on the kind of soil 
best suited for rubber, methods of extracting the latex and 
coagulating it, and other such like details, all with a view to 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



the best development of the new interest through a free 
exchange of views and experiences. Real profits already 
realized are reported ; not estimates of future possibilities. 
All this is as it should be, and it is the best earnest of a 
firm foundation for rubber culture as a lasting and profit- 
able business. 

There is no other part of the world where rubber figures 
so largely in the real news of the day — in the printed news, 
we mean — as in the colonies above named, and doubtless 
the people there would be surprised to know that there are 
some folks elsewhere who suppose the result of all rubber 
planting to date to be summed up in one word — failure. 



A COMING GREAT USE OF RUBBER HOSE. 

/^F the newer applications of India-rubber, one which 
^-^ seems especially practical and destined to come into 
wide use is in the form of hose for the compressed-air and 
vacuum systems of house cleaning, in regard to which some 
details are given elsewhere in this paper. Medical science 
long has taught the importance of cleanliness as a means 
to health, but it has remained for twentieth century invent- 
ors to show the world what a really clean house is like. 
And self respecting and intelligent people, once having 
their eyes opened, will not be content with the old stand- 
ards of cleanliness. 

It is not too much to give the new house cleaning meth- 
ods a place with the most notable discoveries in the history 
of sanitation. These words, by the way, are not written 
in the interest of any one of the several somewhat different 
house cleaning systems now offered for public support, for 
The India Rubber World is not in a position to insti- 
tute any comparison among them, but we are willing to be 
quoted freely in advocacy of the general principles in- 
volved. 

The reason for introducing the subject here is to note the 
importance of the new demand for raw rubber which un- 
doubtedly will follow the more general public appreciation 
of the new era of cleanliness which the pneumatic system 
is ushering in. Apart from the sanitary aspect — which 
appeals to all good people — this new use of flexible hose 
cannot fail to be a matter of great importance to the rub- 
ber industry and likewise to the producers of raw rubber. 

Mr. Blanchard's contribution to this subject, by the way, 
relates mainly to the cleaning of private and public build- 
ings — to premises occupied by people as residences or for 
office and other similar purposes. But an English inventor 
has opened a new line of development which widens the field 
enormously. His suggestion relates to ridding coal mines 
of the dust which is now a fruitful cause of explosions, to 
say nothing of the injurious effect upon the health of the 
miners. If this pneumatic cleaning proves practical in 
collieries, there is scarcely a form of industry to which the 
same principle may not be applied ultimately, with the re- 
sult of making the work more healthful in general, even if 
it does not always, as in the case of coal mining, remove a 
distinct menace to life. 

We shall expect to see a great increase in the use of rub- 
ber hose, due to the new era of cleanliness. 



The continued high price of rubber is convincirg 
evidence of the active demand for rubber goods. 



If the horse should be annihilated by the automobile. 
may we expect to see the race tracks given over to the rubber 
tired red devils and blue devils and yellow devils, with crowds 
betting on contests of speed ? ' 



Alaska appears destined to become of great importance 
to American commerce. It is only a straw which points the di- 
rection of the wind, but it may be worth mentioning that the 
shipment of American rubber footwear to that territory during 
the last fiscal year amounted in value to $166,644, or more than 
23 per cent, on the $7,200,000 which the United States paid to 
Russia for Alaska. 



The rubber kings of the Amazon doubtless feel little re- 
spect for the trivial shipments of real Paia rubber from the 
other side of the globe. One steamer from the Amazon carries 
more rubber than has been shipped from all the plantations in 
the East within a year. But the output over there is growing 
in extent rapidly, while in Brazil it is at a standstill. And the 
difference between the production of the two centers will not 
long remain so marked as now. 



The unprecedented crops this year emphasize the great 
part which agriculture plays in the prosperity of the United 
States, and every increase in the power of our people to spend 
money helps trade in all the rest of the world. So far as the 
rubber industry is concerned, the home demand for its products 
is likely to prevent any great increase for awhile in the export 
of American rubber goods. In fact, while the rubber mills here 
are crowded with work, the imports of rubber goods into the 
United States are larger now than ever before. 



The wealth of rubber in the Acre district prob- 
ably has never been exaggerated, but the establishment of 
peace there — as between Brazil and Bolivia — has not been fol- 
lowed by the hoped for settlement of the territory and the 
opening of new rubber camps. Even Brazilians will be found 
to complain, as will be seen on another page of this paper, of 
the govermental policy which is blind to every consideration 
but the personal advantage of the office holders. What is need- 
ed for the development of the Acre and its rubber resources isa 
more liberal policy toward the foreigner with capital to invest 
there, as well as toward the native Brazilian, whether capitalist 
or laborer. 



THE UBERO PLANTING COMPANIES. 



THE receivers for the Ubero Plantation Co. of Boston ap- 
peared before the United States circuit court in Boston 
on September 2o,with a petition 10 be allowed to sell the assets 
in their charge and divide the proceeds among the investors. 
Counsel representing a reorganization committee desired to file 
a petition for the discharge of the receivers and for the property 
of the company to be turned over to a new corporation to 
be formed under the reorganization plans. [See The India 
Rubber World, September i, 1905— page 402J. It was stated 
that a substantial amount had been subscribed by the investors 
for the reorganization, but this plan was opposed by counsel 
who appeared for another group of investors. The court de- 
ferred action to give the receivers an opportunity to communi- 
cate with all the shareholders to ascertain their wishes in regard 
to a reorganization. 



October i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



THE "GUAYULE" RUBBER PLANT- 111. 



THE Mfxican Htrald s&'xA. in its issue of September 12, in 
regard to a company o( which the headquarters is in 
New York : 
" With nearly a million feet of lumber already or- 
dered, besides tons upon tons of rubber extracting machinery, 
the Continental Rubber Co., of which E. B. Aldrich is presi- 
dent, is preparing; to build at Torreon a rubber factory which 
shall be the largest ever constructed in Mexico Ciuajule will 
be the product from which the rubber will be taken and news 
received here is to the eflect that Mr. Aldrich, who is the son 
of Senator Aldrich of Rhode Island, is backed by his company 
with more than enough money to build the plant as well as a 
number of smaller frame houses which are destined for the ujc 
of the workmen at the factory. 

"One hundred acres is embraced in the site lor the plant, 
which will be located near the junctions of the Mexican Central, 
the International, and the Coahuila and Pacific railways. This 
land lies just north of the Torreon smelter and is admirably 
adapted to the purpose for which it was purchased. Captain 
F. H. Hunicke is credited with having been the father of the 
enterprise, inasmuch as he demonstrated that rubber is extraci- 
ible from the Guayule plant with the right kind of machinery. 
This is the class of machinery which will be used by the Con- 
tinental Rubber Co. and Captain Hunicke has been retained 10 
install the machinery and get it into smooth running order. 
The supply of Guayule will bedtawn from the territory between 
Monterey and Torreon where the shrub abounds in large quan- 
tities." 

* « * 

The Continental Rubber Co. is incorporated under the laws 
of New Jersey with $1,000,000 capital, to exploit, in connection 
with Gjayule rubber, certain American and foreign patents 
granted to William A. Lawrence. The president is Edward B. 
Aldrich and the vice president Mr. Lawrence. They fill the 
same offices in Continental Mexican Rubber Co., a subsidiary 
company organized for carrying on the business in Mexico. 
The New York headquarters is at No. 32 Broadway. It is under- 
stood that ihisisoneof the two largest com panics now handling 
Guayule to an important extent commercially. A list of the 
United States patents granted to William A. Lawrence and as- 
signed to the Continental Rubber Co. follows : 
No. 741,256. October 13. igo3. Art of e.xtractirg gum. 

October 13, 1903. Apparatus for extracting gum. 
October 13, 1903. Art of extracting rubber without 



No. 741.257. 
No. 741,258. 

solvents. 
No. 741.259. 

mnlter. 



October 13, 1903. Composition of 



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No. 741,260. October 13. 1903. Process of refining crude rubber. 
No. 787,518. April 18. 1905. Cleaning rubber. 

Patent No. "41.256 is for the continuous process in the treat- 
ment of the plant with the solvent for the lubber like gum 
contained in it. In the first place, the shrub is run through 
corrugated rollers to get it in shape for the solvent, which is 
naphtha. Other hydrocarbon solvents of rubber, together with 
ether, chloroform, etc., may be used, but the inventor gives 
personal preference to low grade naphtha of about 74 Baurre. 
The inventor evaporates and recovers the naphtha after the 
gum is in solution until evaporation becomes somewhat diffi- 
cult. At this point he introduces a hot alkaline solution at a 
temperature very near its boiling point. This is to dissolve the 
resin and to separate the gum from the residue of the solvent. 
The result is that the gum rises to the surface in a mass about 
the consistency of cream. The alkali is then washed out with 
cold water and the gum hardens into a doughy mass. 

The apparatus designed to carry out this process consists of 
a basket with steel ribs, lined with wire cloth, having a fine 
mesh. This basket, having been filled with crushed shrubs, is 
put into a jacketed extracting drum. The door is closed and 
the naphtha at once pumped in. It is left there for four hours, 
being heated to 1 10° to 114° F. The solution is then drawn tfl 
into the evaporator which takes out most of the naphtha. The 
hot residue still in solution is then passed into a tank contain- 
ing a hot alkaline solution. This is either an open or a closed 
steam jacketed tank and contains for example 12 per cent, so- 
lution of sodium hydrate. The liquid in the tank is kept at a 
boiling point with occasional stirring for about two hours ; the 
gum is then drawn or skimmed off and subjected to repeated 
washing of first hot and then cold water in another tank. 

Patent No. 741,257 calls for a drum which rotates continu- 
ously in one direction, with a rubbing action upon the material 
to be treated, which is fed between the drum and the closely 
encircling apron or belt. 

Patent No. 741,258 covers the art of extracting rubber with- 
out the use of solvents. In this the shrubs are first crushed 
very finely, the cellular tissue being softened by water, either 
hot or cold. The rubbing apparatus is then applied which 
thoroughly rubs the material treated forming the gum into 
masses, which may be washed in the usual way. The apparatus 
described consists of a boiling tank provided with steam heated 
coil. From this the mixture flows out and is received upon an 
endless belted strainer and conveyer through which the water 
>i flows readily. The separator is of the 

rubbing type described in the former pat- 




No. 741,256. 



No. 741,257. 

w. A. Lawrence's processes for guayule. 



No. 741,258. 



4 



THE INDIA RUBBER \VORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



ent. The final process is the dissolving of the resin from the 
extracted guiti by means of an alkaline solution or wood al- 
cohol. 

Patent No. 741,260 is for a process of refining such crude rub- 
ber. This apparatus consists of a macerator jacketed for steam 
or hot water connected with an evaporator and also a refriger- 
ator. This is fitted with corrugated sleeved rollers for stirring 
the gum under treatment, and is constructed for a charge of 
about 400 pounds of crude gum. Into this wood alcohol is 
poured. The agitator is then put in motion, steam admitted 
to the jacket, and the macerator brought to a temperature of 
122" F. The vapor from this is conducted to the refrigerator 
for recovery. In 20 minutes the saturated alcohol is also drawn 
off from the evaporator into the refrigerator and recovered, the 
rubber almost pure being left m the macerator. 

The inventor in speaking of the extraction of resins from gum 
taken from the Guayule says that there is 63 per cent. of rubber 
in the'gum that he extracts, and 22 per cent, of resinous matter, 
and that this treatment with alcohol or a mixture of alcohol 
and naphtha is designed to extract this resin, the resultant 
mass being a pure rubber like gum. 

» * * 

COAHUILA Mining and Smelting Co., Limited, have engaged 
in the production of rubber from Guayule. They have a smelter, 
atV'iesca, state of Coahuila, Mexico, which has been shut down 
under contract with the American Smelting and Refining Co., 
and in this they have installed a plant with a capacity for pro- 
ducing daily one ton of (iuayule rubber, and there is sufficient 
power plant to increase this capacity to 4 tons of rubber per 
day, which production they hope to reach by next May. The 
company have obtained from the state of Coahuila a concession 
which exempts them from state taxes and carries other privi- 
leges. They have contracted for a supply of Guayule shrub lor 
four years and disposed of their product at the present ca- 
pacity for two years, through German and American houses. 
The rubber factory is only one department of the company's 
business, which is engaged in mining in Coahuila and three 
other Mexican states. The officers of the company are H. T. 
Ambrose (New York), president of the .\merican Book Co.. 
president; F. ]. Llewellyn of the American Bridge Co., vice 
president; Walter E. Parker, general manager; and Albert S. 
Valdespino, superintendent in charge of the rubber depart- 
ment. 

* * * 

International Guayule Rubber Co., September 7, 1905, un- 
der New York laws; capital $50,000. Incorporators: Thomas 
M. Righter, Mt. Carmel. Pennsylvania ; John A. Rielly. Shen- 
endoah. Pa., B. St. John Hoyt, No. 170 West seventy-fifth street, 
New York. It is understood that the company control some 
Mexican patents for the extraction of rubber from the Guayule 
plant. 

NEW TRADE PUBLICATIONS. 

THE Peerless Manufacturing Co. (New York) issue 
their Catalogue No. 70, devoted to Mechanical Rubber 
Goods. This catalogue is even more complete and more at- 
tractively got up than any of its predecessors, some of which 
have been commented upon very favorably in these pages. A 
Peerless catalogue may be depended upon to contain some- 
thing new in each edition, and the one before us does not 
prove an exception to the rule. [SH' X 8j^". 137 pages.] 

The Gutta-Percha and Rubber Manufacturing Co. 
OF Toronto, Limited, issue a catalogue of their " Maltese 
Cross " Interlocking Rubber Tiling, illustrating a wide va- 
riety of applications of this desirable floor covering, including 



views of a number of interior views of Queen's Hotel, Toronto, 
lately equipped with it. These are followed by a number of 
designs in color, indicating that a variety in color schemes is 
now available in rubber which no manufacturer would have 
thought possible at a period in the industry within the mem- 
ory of most important houses in the trade. [6" X 9''- 40 
pages.] 

The Hartford Rubber Works Co. (Hartford, Connecti- 
cut) issue a new brochure on the distinctive features of the 
" Hartford Perfected " Dunlop automobile tire. It is ade- 
quately illustrated and prices are given. There is also matter of 
interest on the care of tires. [7H" X S'- 24 pages.] 

G. ct J. Tire Co. (Indianapolis, Indiana) issue, under the title 
" Reliable Tires," a number of letters of commendation, by 
widely known automobilists from many parts of the country. 
[7}4 ' X lo". 17 leaves.] 

The Pure Gum Specialty Co. (Barberton. Ohio), in their 
Catalogue C, illustrate and give prices of syringes, water bot- 
tles, finger cots, gloves, ice bags, air beds and cushions, nipples, 
bath brushes, face masks, and other like articles. It is an in- 
teresting and handsome catalogue. [9" X 6'. 32 pages.] 

Kohmescher & Co. (Cincinnati, Ohio) issue the ninth edi- 
tion of their catalogue of Fine Rubber Goods for the Drug- 
gists', Surgical, and Stationery Trade. As we have noted in 
connection with former editions of this very complete cata- 
logue, it is always up to date, enumerating a number of articles 
not listed in it hitherto. The catalogue is excellently illus- 
trated, rendering it a convenient guide to buyers who may be 
at a distance from any rubber store. [5 X?!*". 160 pages.] 

J. Lonstroff, proprietor of the Fabrique Genevoise de 
Caoutchouc (Geneva, Switzerland), issues a series of trade lists, 
headei with h\sPiix Cottrattt No. i, devoted to hygienic, sur- 
gical, and toilet articles, of about which 900 are noted, most 
of them being illustrated. The same factory produces me- 
chanical goods, footwear, sporting goods, toys, balloons, dress 
shields, tobacco pouches, and waterproof clothing, which are 
described in separate lists. [6ig' X 9/4". 86 pages.] 

ALSO RECEIVED. 

HodCmMAn Rubber Co., New York. = [Duplex Folding Bath Tubs.] , 
4 pages. 

James Barker, Iron Foundry and Machine Works, Philadelphia= 
Barker Massage Machine. 20 pages. 

The Parker Pen Co , Janesville, Wisconsin — The George S. Parker 
Fountain Pen. 16 pages. 

Crandall Packing Co. , Palmyra, New York = Catalogue and Price 
List. Steam, Ammonia, and Hydraulic Packings [and Belting, Hcse. 
and other Rubber Goods]. 72 pages. 

The Trent Tile Co., Trenton, New Jersey=Rublain Flooring. 4 
P'ges. 

INDIA-RUBBER GOODS IN COMMERCE. 

EXPORTS FROM THE UNITED STATES. 

OFFICIAL statement of values of exports of manufactures 
of India-rubber and Gutta-percha, for the month of July, 
1905. and for the first seven months of five calendar years : 



Months. 


Belting, 
P.nckinE, 
and Hose. 


Boois 

and 

Shoes. 


All 

other Total. 
Rubl>er. 


July, 1905 

January-June 


$102,839 
534.263 


$242,263 
346,046 

.$588,309 
472,128 
341.792 
355.092 
291.356 


$ 235.607 1 580,709 
1,435,469 2,315,778 


Total 

Total, 1904. . 

Total, 1903 

Total, 1902 .... 
Total. 1901 


1637,102 
504.666 
474,684 
386.105 
351.649 


$1,671,076 1 $2,896,487 
1,382,582 2,359.376 
1,459,954 2,276,430 
I,il6,5s8 1,857.755 
1.073,822 : 1,716.827 



October i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



A GLIMPSE OF RUBBER PLANTING IN COSTA RICA. 

By the Editor of " The India Rubber World." 



OUR first sight of Costa Rica came at 5 o'clock one morn- 
ing, when we sighted the low lying city of Port Limon 
with its background of far away mountains. It was 
nearly 8 o'clock before we made fast to the pier, and 
even then it took us some time to have our luggage weighed 
and the customs paid. The time came finally, however, when 
we were free to walk down the long pier, through the gates, 
and explore the town. 

Not only is Costa Kica justly called the Banana republic, but 
Port Limon is a banana town and we fully appreciated it when 
we saw the train loads of green fruit run out upon the piers, the 
huge bunches dumped upon rubber conveying belts and carried 
smoothly into the holds of the waiting steamships. The town, 
moreover, had an alert air about it that was in no way sug- 
gestive of typical Spanish America. It had no very pretentious 
buildings, with the exception, perhaps, of the office building of 
the United Fruit Co.. but it boasted two hotels and the " Gem 
saloon," where all the men congregated, and beside that, almost 
everybody spoke English. 

At 10 o'clock in the morning the thermometer stood at 90°, 
the air reeking with moisture, the sky covered with evil look- 
ing clouds. Nevertheless, the streets were thronged with a most 
vivacious mixture of porters, fruit sellers, soldiers, Jamaica ne- 
groes, Chinese, and native Costa Ricans. At 10.30 we boarded 
the train that was to take us to the interior and rode for 20 
miles through a flat, swampy country where even the native 
Costa Rican cannot live, but where the Jamaica negro flourishes 
and waxes fat. At intervals along the railway were little hud- 
dles of huts built on stilts to keep them out of the black mud, 
roofed with corrugated iron or palms, and full to overflowing 
with the ebony subjects of his Majesty King Edward VII. 

The heads of the families that called these shanties homes 
were very largely laborers on the banana plantations of the 
United Fruit Co., and when it is remembered that out of Port 
Limon will come this year some 7,000.000 bunches, it is easy 
to appreciate how large a force of men is needed to cultivate, 
cut, and ship this great crop. It is claimed that there are 
11,000 Jamaica negioes on the plantations near Port Limon. 
For them the United Fruit Co. provides hospitals, keeping out 



2 per cent, of their wages for medical attendance ; and yet, in 
spite of black fever, yellow fever mosquitoes, and snakes, there 
is not a great amount of sickness among these laborers. And 
if one can judge by the appearance of the people, their home 
life in their little tin roofed shacks, crowded with pickaninnies, 
mangy dogs, monkeys, and parrots, shows a greater measure of 
content than is to be found in the majority of settlements more 
favorably located, and populated by those who have a thousand 
fold more to make existence tolerable. 

As the train emerged from the palmetto swamps it ran 
through some magnificent banana plantations, the trees grow- 
ing rankly from rich alluvial soil, and the bunches of fruit 
being often five or six feet long and weighing over 100 pounds 
each. The railroad, by the way, over which we were traveling, 
was built through the enterprise of that well known American, 
Mr. Miner C. Keith, who was also the creator of the great 
United Fruit Co. 

After a time the road began to ascend and the scenery be- 
came more and more beautiful. Nearly the whole of the dis- 
tance up to the city of San Jose the way lay along the side of a 
range of mountains and ran parallel with a rapidly rushing 
river, whose white water could be seen oftentimes for miles. 
As we got up into the higher country, the home life of the 
Costa Rican began to be apparent. 

Everywhere through the broad valleys and up the mountain 
sides could be seen cleared farms, in many cases fine plantation 
houses and great cof!ee estates. The native Costa Rican is 
perhaps one of the most enterprising and independent of all 
the Latin Americans. Nearly every man owns a patch of land 
and cultivates it. The better class speak English and are very 
friendly to Americans, welcoming them to their country with a 
manly, prideful air that is extremely taking. 

In the meantime, the Ferrocarril Costa Rica was slowly but 
surely getting us up toward San Jose. The English locomotive 
was having a tough time of it with the steep grades, and it 
seemed every now and then as if the pull would be too much 
and the heavy train slip back down into the valley. The slow 
progress, however, gave us every opportunity to examine the 
track with its iron sleepers, to see where various great land- 




WHARF AT PORT LIMON, COSTA RICA. 



UNITED FRUIT CO.'S COMMISSARV, PORT LIMON- 



6 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



LOCTOBER I, 1905. 







LOADING BANANAS ON A TRAIN. 

slides had time after time wiped out the railroad and even 
dammed the swift flowing river, and to enjoy the wonderful 
semi tropical luxuriance of the giant trees festooned with vines 
and studded with epiphytes, to look down into deep gorges, 
up the sides of steep mountains, and across broad and fertile 
valleys, so photographing the scenery in one's mind that the 
snail's pace of the train was not only not objected to, but was 
most welcome. At intervals all the way up were to be seen 
Castilloa trees, many of which had been tapped in the brutal 
native fashion which amounts almost to girdling. At about 
1500 feet altitude the rubber trees began to appear less fre- 
quently, and when the aneroid read 2000 feet, they disappeared 
entirely. 

After reaching an elevation of some 5000 feet, we descended 
a thousand feet and finally reached the city of San Jose. The 
city is situated in the midst of a broad and fertile valley and is 
semi tropical rather than tropical, being surrounded by huge 
fields of sugar cane, corn, and growing most of the well known 
tropical fruits. San Joje itself is a surprise. With its well- 
kept streets, its trolley lines, electric lights, fine stores, and 
alert looking inhabitants, it is more like a modern American 
city than anything else. Although it contains but 24 000 in- 
habitants, it gives one the impression of a city of double that 
size, partly, perhaps, because the buildings are nearly all two 
stories only, as the frequent earthquakes do not invite the 
erection of skyscrapers. The single unpleasant feature of the 



TEN MILES OUT OF PORT LIMON. 

city is the open sewage, which is said to invite typhoid. Aside 
from that there is practically no disease, the climate is equable 
and the people, except on rare occasions when they take too 
much aguardiente, give the military police little trouble. 

Almost from the first of our landing in this country we 
heard of the magnificent National Theater that San Jos6 pos- 
sessed. The Latin American description of it made it more 
elegant and on a larger scale than anything in New York or 
London. For this reason, the first view of it was a bit of a dis- 
appointment. It certainly was beautiful architecturally and its 
decorations were most elaborate, but it is a question if it would 
hold more than a thousand with comfort. Most of the deco- 
rative work was done by artists who were brought from Italy, 
and some $600,000 gold was spent upon the building. In the 
foyer on the beautiful inlaid floor were some of the most gor- 
geous rubber mats that I have ever seen, in red, white, and 
blue, with green leaves, yellow trumpets, golden harps, etc., 
and they bore the imprint of the well known firm of Pirelli & 
Co., Milan. Italy. 

The city has large wholesale houses, chiefly in the hands of 
the Germans, and substantial banks, the country being on a 
gold basis, with the colon as a unit of value, worth 46 cents in 
American money. The population of the country is 340,000, 
none of whom are Indians. Spanish is the language in general 
use, but almost everybody understands English, and it is a 
delight to mingle with the people, for they have none of the 




CHIRRIPO, SHOWINa MINOR C. KEITH'S PLACE. 



RIVER SCENE NEAR PORT LIMON. 



October i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 




MOUNTAIN ROAD NEAR SAN JOSE. 



(ailing rocks and for land- 
slides, and I fancy he is also 
particularly careful not to let 
the train get away from him, 
which, with the number of 
cars and the heavy freight car- 
ried, would seem to be a not 
unlikely happening. We there- 
fore enjoyed afresh the mag- 
nificent scenery, and, before 
we got down to the tropics, 
the lovely, springlike weather. 
Reaching the plantation we 
were warmly welcomed by the 
planter in charge, who got us 
hrirses and look us over the 
planting. It was the dry sea- 
son and there had been no 
rain at all for five days, but 
the ground was exceedingly 
soggy and wet, and while the 
bananas were apparently very 
thrifty, the rubber did not 
look as well as it should. The 
leaves, to be sure, were shed- 
ding, which made the trees 
look their worst, but the few 
trees that we tapped gave out 
an exceedingly thin milk, more 
like skimmed milk than cream 
containing for a guess, not 
over 20 per cent of rubber. It 
is possible, of course, that at 
the end of the dry season this 
might thicken up appreciably 
and be worth extracting, but 
unless that happened, they 
would hardly pay to tap. 

In this connection a chat 
that I had with Mr. John M. 
Keith, the former planting ex- 
pert of the United Fruit Co., 
is apropos. He said frankly 
that m that part of Costa Rica 
he did not think there was 
much land that was available 
for Castilloa growing ; that it 
was too wet ; that he had had 
discovered that wild Casii'lloas 
that grew in wet places gave 
so thin a latex that the rubber 
was not worth gathering. My 
friend the planter had, while 
I was in New York, told me 
of another type of planting 
that he had done by clearing 
wide pathways through the 
forest and planting Ciistilloas 
so thickly that they took en- 
tire possession of the ground. 
SCENE IN STREET IN SAN JOSE. With somc little trouble we 

and getting up at daybreak, boarded the train and retraced finally located two of these plantings, and they settled in my 
our steps, slid slowly downward for hours, until we reached mind forever the practicability of this sort of cultivation. The 
the lower levels. The journey downward was even slower than Castilloas had grown like weeds, but they looked more like 
the climb, as the engineer must be on the lookout constantly for fishpoles than rubber trees. By cutting out some of them and 



sullen air so prevalent in cer- 
tain parts of Spanish America. 

During our stay in the coun- 
try we put up at the Hotel 
Imperial, where we had com- 
fortable rooms and enjoyed an 
excellent table. As a matter 
of course, we asked many 
questions about rubber cul- 
ture, but from the natives or 
the resident Americans we 
developed little information 
One of the latter explained it 
by saying that in that country 
at the present time bananas 
were the whole game, because 
they gave quicker results and 
had behind them the support 
of the United Fruit Co., who 
were perfectly willing that the 
planters should make a good 
thing out of their fruit. One 
native explained the lack of 
interest in rubber planting by 
telling us solemnly that rubber 
seeds planted by man would 
not develop into productive 
trees. He said that nature's 
way of distributing the seeds 
was for the birds to eat them 
in order to get the sweet pulp 
with which they are surround- 
ed, and mingled with their 
droppings, the seed grew into 
a tree that was a rubber pro- 
ducer. If it did not go through 
this preparatory process, it 
amounted to nothing. 

Although we had not come 
to Costa Rica particularly to 
look up rubber, there was one 
plantation that I was anxious 
to examine, which was said to 
contain over 100,000 Castilloas, 
most of which had been inter- 
planted with bananas. These 
trees were said to be three or 
four years old, and planted by 
one who had had much expe- 
rience in tropical forestry 
throughout Central America. 
The Importer was so much 
pleased with the city of San 
Jose and so relieved to get out 
of the heat of the lowlands 
that he decided to stay there, 
while the Manufacturer and 
the writer took another 
plunge into the hot country. 
We, therefore, left him for a 
further exploration of the city 




TOPICAL COSTA RICAN LAND CLEARED FOR PASTURE, 
LEFT STANDING (ON THE LEFT). 




THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



-J«-Jt-»T 






1 ^^s^^^ 









CENTHAL PARK, SAN JOSE. 

giving the sun a chance, no doubt something could be done, 
but unless some such measures were instituted, it would be 
years before the tree trunks would have bark surface enough 
to do anything at all. 

That the trouble with the first planting was not due to the 
presence of the bananas was 
proved by a look we had at a 
small plantation run by a Ger- 
man, where the ground was 
much better drained and 
where the trees looked stocky 
and thrifty. We were also 
told that on the Northern rail- 
way on some of the uplands, 
the planters were putting Cas- 
tilloa in land that had form- 
erly been used for bananas 
and were getting excellent re- 
sults. 

All of this leads up to what 
I think I have before written, 
that a deep, open soil, partic- 
ularly one that cakes at the surface a little and in which there 
is no chance for standing water, or nothing more than a very 
brief inundation, is what the distilioa calls for. 

The interest in the planting of India-rubber in Costa Rica 




NATIVE RUBBER 10 YEARS OLD SURROUNDED BV PLANTED RUBBER AND 
CHOCOLATE. 



RAILROAD ON THE WAY UP TO SAN JOSE. 

dates back some twelve or fifteen years. As early as 1892 it 
was reported that the wild trees near the cities and along the 
coast had been practically exhausted, and that what rubber was 
gathered came from the more remote mountain valleys. In 
that year the amount of rubber that came out of the country 

was a trifle over $6000 worth, 
less than half the amount 
shipped the preceding year. It 
was about this lime that the 
government began to take an 
interest in the cultivation of 
rubber and passed laws against 
tapping the wild trees, and 
also offered prizes — one for 
$Sooo and another for $5000 
^for the best plantations of 
Ctislilloa rubber. Both of 
these prizes were taken in 
1894 by Minor C. Keith, who 
installed two plantations near 
Port Limon, the trees, some 
25,000 in number being 
planted with bananas about 150 rubber to the acre. At the 
time the prizes were awarded the trees were said to be eight 
or nine years old. When the writer visited Costa Rica no 
record of them could be found, although had they been cared 




TYPICAL LOWLAND TOWN. 



RUBBER AND BANANAS- 



October i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



9 




of the varieties of the Castilloa are of distinct value. He 
divides the Castilloa of Costa Rica into four species, the white, 
the black, the red, and the"tunu," the first three being all 
varieties of the Castilloa elastica. Botanists so far have not 
followed his discrimination carefully, and it is a question if 
rubber planters have made any distinction, nor has it been 
proved necessary. Of course, it would not pay planters to raise 
" tunu " gum instead of Panama rubber, but so far as we know 
no such planting has ever been done in Costa Rica or, indeed, 
anywhere where the Castilloa has been put in. 



RUBBER AND COCAO ALTERNATINQ, SHOWING METHOD OF CLEANING. 

for.oreven allowed to grow, they should have been somewhete 
about 20 years old and certainly big enough to tap. The gos- 
sips of the country appear to believe that so much quicker pro- 
fit came to the planter through bananas that the rubber plan- 
tations were sacrificed to that industry. 

From 1900 onward quite a number of companies were incor- 
porated for the planting of Castilloa. A planter named Ed. 
Coles furnished in 1902 a list of eleven planters who had put in 
rubber, all the way from 10 to 100 acres. Some of these planta- 
tions, if they had been continued, would have trees that should 
be at the present time producers of rubber. The questioning 
of either natives or foreigners on the ground elicited very little 
information ; about all they seemed to know or care about was 
bananas. From an American planter, however. we learned that 
Messrs. Hoffenstadt and Gillett, of Banco de la China, have a 
plantation where they lately tapped 600 Castilloas which were 
6 or 7 seven years old, getting a pound of rubber from each 
tree. 

The correspondent also mentioned an American family 
named Hogan who were planting rubber at the mouth of the 
Tres Amigos river, which was the beginning of the Costa Rica 
Development Co., with headquarters at Los Angeles, Call 
fornia. The officers of this company made arrangements for 
us to visit their plantation but that meant a call at Greytown, 
Nicaragua, to reach the Tres Amigos river, and we found that 
to be impossible. This company have 25,000 trees, a little over 
three years old. and about 15.000 two years old, which from 
the photographs that we secured appear to be in a most excel- 
lent condition. 

In this connection it is interesting to note the activity of 
Mr. Th. F. Koschney, an old time settler on the San Carlos 
river, and one who has studied the Castilloa carefully. While 
not a botanist in the strictest sense of the term, his description 




DEVELOI^MtNT OF COLOMBIA. 



THE United States consular agent at Ouibbo, Colombia, re- 
ports that President Reyes of that republic is undertak- 
ing to promote the development of the immense region in 
southern Colombia bordered by the Amazon and Orinoco 
rivers, and which for the most part has been neglected in the 
past. Not even such exports of rubber as are made by the 
semi civilized Indians in that region contribute to the national 
revenues, as they have always gone through the hands of trad- 
ers of Venezuela or Brazil, being taxed as products of the lat- 
ter countries. The Pari rubber tree {Ilevea Brasiliensis) is as- 
serted to abound in the forest of part of this region, in addition 
to other rubber producing species. The government of Co- 
lombia has entered into a contract with Dr. Luis Cuervo Mar- 
quez, formerly attached to the Colombian legation in Wash- 
ington, and a partner, by which an exclusive concession of a 
very large area is granted for 25 years, in consideration of agri- 
cultural colonies being formed and small steamers placed on 
certain rivers, and an export tax of $1 (gold) per 100 pounds 
paid upon all exports of rubber. The contract provides that 
certain large areas will be given in perpetual ownership if 
planted or cultivated during the 25 years' limit above men- 
tioned. The contract is for all kinds of development in the re- 
gion covered. 

A correspondent of The India Rubber World mentions 
that the two concessionaires referred to above are among the 
most prominent citizens of Colombia. Dr. Cuervo Marquez was 
sometime governor of the department of Santander, has been 
charge d'affaires at Washington, is now a member of the nation- 
al assembly, and is in the drug business in a large way in Bogo- 
ta. His partner in the concession is Dr. Indalecio Camacho, 
educated in Europe and the United States, and famed in South 
America as an oculist and aurist. He is the owner of large 
planting estates and mining interests. The standing of these 
gentlemen leads to the belief that their concession will be de- 
veloped on an important scale. Our correspondent adds that 
President Reyes's term of office will not expire for several 
years, and that during his administration a condition of tran- 
quility and progress may be expected to be established which 
will continue under his successors. This opinion, by the way, 
is now held by many others. 



COLORADO RUBBER "HOODOOED." 



COCAO PODS AND SCRAP RUBBER FROM WILD TREES. 



EVERYTHING, material and mental, political and religious, 
new inventions are met bv the masses at their birth with 
a frown and a suspicion, and are fought from start to finish. 
Everything is compelled to grow and fructuate on its merits. 
So, with the Colorado rubber plant. It has been " hoodooed " 
by the claim of certain rubber companies to patents, that cover 
the product. This has hindered and obstructed its progress. 
It has been a scarecrow that has caused capitalists to wait and 
hesitate.— 5a//(/(j (Colorado') Mail, August iS. 



10 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^A^ORLD 



[October i, 1905 



INTEREST IN "SAPIUM" RUBBER IN THE FAR EAST. 



THE able Colombo journal, Thf Times of Ctylon.on Au- 
gust 12. printed a cablegram from its London office, 
referring to a report in the current issue of The 
India Rubber World (which had just then reached 
the correspondent), in regard to a new source of Amazon rub- 
ber, identified by the authorities quoted as Sapiutn aucupariutn. 
The report mentioned the practice which has grown up in the 
Amazon region of mixing the latex of this tree with that of the 
Hevea species (the Pari rubber tree proper), giving rise to 
questions of what might result from a similar admixture of 
rubber latices in Ceylon, for example. In addition to printing 
the London cablegram. The Times of Ceylon obtained a state- 
ment in regard to Sapiiim species from Mr. Herbert Wright, of 
the Ceylon botanic gardens, which is printed, together with an 
editorial comment on the whole subject. 

Below are reproduced the cabled report and Mr. Herbert 
Wright's comments : 

\From The Times of Cevlon, August /2.] 
RUBBER FROM PARA. 



MIXED WITH ANOTHER LATEX YIELDING TREE-FORTY 
PER CENT. OF " SAPIUM."— A SUGGESTION FOR CEYLON. 

[C O P V R 1 c; H T— BY SIM( MARINE TELBGRAI'H.J 

Times of Ceylon Office, 27. Mincing Lane, 
London, August 12, 8 20 a. m. 

The American consul in Paid, in a report published in The 
India Rubber World, states that the great bulk of Para rub- 
ber is not pure, but mixed with the latex of Sapiuni aucufa- 
rtum, up to probably 40 per cent. 

Sapium aucuparium is a hardy and rapid growing tree. The 
seeds are small, and although it would hardly be believed, it 
yields from 7 to S pounds yearly, but requires careful tapping. 

The report expresses the opinion that it would be practicable 
to grow Sapium aucuparium in Ceylon if it was thought desir- 
able. 

II. 

[From The Times of Cevlon, August /6.j 
"SAPIUM aucuparium" AND PARA RUBBER. 



WILD AND cultivated "SAPIUM" SPECIES IN CEYLON. 
— " SAPIUM AUCUPARIUM " AT PERADENIYA. 

[written for "THE TIMES OF CEYLON."] 

Your letter re mixing Pard rubber latex with the milk from 
Sapium aucuparium to hand. I regret being unable to give 
you full information about the Sapium species and their possi- 
bilities in Ceylon, as I am replying to your queries while on in- 
spection duty. 

Grown Here and How ir May be Identified.— The real 
Sapium aucupariutn (Jacquin) is native to tropical America 
and has. under the name of Sapium biglatidulosum (Mueller 
Arg.),been grown at Peradeniya for many years. It grows to 
a fairly large tree — 40 feet high — and seeds freely. This spe- 
cies can be easily identified by the pair af opposite glands 
which occur at the base of the leaf blade. I enclose a speci- 
men leaf showing these glands. 

Tai'imng Experiment.s AT Peradeniya. — The stem, 
branches, and fruit contain, at Paradeniya, large quantities of 
white latex, but my tapping experiments in 1902 gave unsatis- 
factory results, the latex from this species drying to a brittle 
resinous substance. 

There will be no difficulty in supplying rubber planters with 



seeds or cuttings from the large trees at Paradeniya, but it will 
perhaps be better to wait and see what product we obtain by 
mixing the latex of this species with that of Pard rubber. This 
experiment is now in hand. 

It should be mentioned here that Sapium Laurocerasutn, 
( Desfontaines) is sometimes called Sapium aucuparium (Willd- 
enow). This is not the leal Sapium aucuparium, however, 
though the stem contains milk from which a poisonous bird- 
lime is obtained. 

"Sapium " Species in Kalutara, Galle, etc.— Species of 
Sapium can be found growing wild in Ceylon and India and 
also in Africa, and far ofl China and Japan. One species in 
Ceylon, called by the Sinhalese " kiri-makula," and known bo- 
tanically as Sapium indicum (Willdenow), is noted for the poi- 
sonous milky juice which it yields on tapping. It is an ever- 
green tree, its growth is rather slow, and it rarely exceeds 25 
feet in height. We have no record of the weight of latex ob- 
tainable from it, and I should imagine the latter to be poor. 
This species is common in the moist low country, has been re- 
corded from Kalutara and Galle, and may be recognized by its 
willow like leaves, greenish yellow flowers, and abundance of 
milk in young branches and fruits. 

Another species known to some botanists as Sapium ingigne 
(Royle), to the Tamils as" tilai,"and Sinhalese as " tel-kadura," 
is to be found in the Trincomalie and JafTna districts. This tree 
grows to a moderate size, has green flowers, and becomes leaf- 
less once a year. The stem contains a white milky substance, 
but not in large quantities. 

Many years ago, about 1820, if my memory serves me well, 
Sapium sebiferum (Roxburgh), commonly known as the "tallow 
tree "in China, was introduced to Peradeniya and Hakgala. 
The seeds are coated with " tallow " which is, according to Dr. 
Watt, used in place of animal tallow in China for the manufac- 
ture of candles, in soap making, etc. 

Mixing Not Recommended.— Though we do not know the 
possible yield or the quality of the latex from any of these 
species, I am inclined to doubt whether it would be any good 
attempting to mix the latex from species of Sapium with that 
from the introduced Para, Ceaid, or Castilloa rubbers, now 
flourishing in Ceylon. Where the Sapium and Hevea species are 
growing wild and intermixed with one another, as in the forests 
of Brazil, there is an excuse for the cooly mixing the latex, but 
such conditions do not obtain in Ceylon. 

In conclusion, it should be pointed out that the genus Sapium 
belongs to the same group of plants as Para and Ceara rubber 
and crotons. Herbert wright. 

Acting Director, Royal Botanic Gardens. 

III. 

[From The Times of Cevlon August /o.] 
["SAPIUM " rubber grown IN GUIANA.] 
Sir: I should have stated in my previous letter that seeds 
of the rubber producing plant, Sapium higlandulosum or Sapi 
um aucuparium, the "Touckpong" of British Guinea, were re- 
ceived from Mr. Jenman in May, 1887. Mr. Jenman then stated 
that " the tree is quite hardy, of rapid growth, yields abundant 
milk, and the rubber is of high class quality." Samples of the 
rubber were shown at the Colonial and Indian Exhibition 
[London] in 18S6, and were favorably reported on. — I have, 

etc., HERBERT WRIGHT, 

Acting Director, R. B. G, 
August 17, 1905. 



October i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



11 



THE INDIA-RUBBER TRADE IN GREAT BRITAIN. 

By Our Regular Correspondent. 



THERE are distinct signs of animation in this parlous 
branch. A manufacturer told me the other day that he 
had had more inquiries the previous week than during 
the whole of last year. Perhaps this may be somewhat of 
an exaggeration, but this does not falsify my opening sentence 
altogether. A good deal, it is said, will depend 
^^^ upon the weather of the next few weeks. With 

WATERPROOF ^ 

TRADE. regard to the motor clothing business, the whole- 
sale firms say it is not large enough to attract 
them, and it is mostly in the hands of middlemen who buy the 
proofed cloth and make it up into the style of the moment. The 
macintosh coat is now being generally worn by owners of motor 
cars in preference to the leather one which is now the regular 
uniform of the professional driver. A material which is in con- 
siderable favor is that known as Burberry, being the product 
exclusively of a Hampshire firm of this name. Next to the mac- 
intosh coat it has the reputation of high waterproof properties, 
being in this respect considerably superior to the ordinary rain- 
proof cloths. If unfavorable weather really is the one thing want- 
ed to cause the waterproof trade to flourish, the wet August we 
have just experienced ought to have given the desired stimu- 
lus. 

To satisfy the inquisitiveness of a motorist friend, 1 have been 

investigating the substance sold under this name as part of the 

motorist's outfit. It is intended for filling up 

MASTIC cracks in tires, and is found of considerably more 

MICHELIN. .,,,,. . • . J 

Utility for this purpose than is the ordinary rub- 
ber cement. The main featureabout it is its extreme stickiness. 
I cannot account satisfactorily for this as there is but little res- 
inous matter present. It rather looks as if the rubber had been 
partially melted. It contains a little over S per cent, of litharge, 
but no sulphur. Except as a drying agent in reducing tackiness 
I don't quite see the object of the litharge. With regard tothe 
utility of this mastic, I don't find unanimous approval among 
motorists, but there seems no doubt that it is superior to ordi- 
nary solution in the case of vulcanized rubber, and if put into a 
crack soon enough, it must certainly be beneficial in prevent- 
ing the ingress of water and dirt. 

No general arrangement with regard to an advance in prices in 

consonance with the high price of rubber has been come to. and 

the makers of rubber faced cards speak in lugu- 

^'^^ brioustones as tothe position. Messrs. Horsfall& 

CARD-CLOTHINQ ^. , , ., . , , ■,, -j , 

INDUSTRY. Bickam, of Manchester, though still outside the 
associated Yorkshire firms, are, it is understood, 
quite in agreement with them as to prices, but the antagonistic 
position taken up by the few other outside firms makes it im- 
possible for any formal advance to be notified, as in other 
branches of the rubber manufacture, where practical unanimity 
has prevailed. The rubber face is still considered the best arti- 
cle for the cotton mill, but in thecase of wool either the compo- 
sition card or the plain felt is in general use. The oil used in 
the ordinary process of wool spinning is of course destructive to 
the rubber card, though less in the case of the vulcanized than 
the unvulcanized. The use of oil refers more particularly to 
the Bradford district the principal seat of the woolen industry. 
In Messrs. Hallani & Sons' woolen mills in Manchester and 
Stockport the dry or French process is in sole use, no oil being 
here used in the spinning. The cards used are plain felt, though 
in this case if it were thought advantageous to have the greater 



elasticity given by rubber no objection could be urged on the 
score of oil as is the case at Bradford. It is now the rule to 
thoroughly free from oil Bradford goods which are intended 
for waterproofing purposes, and I have not heard for a long 
time of any trouble arising between the woolen manufacturers 
and the waterproofers on this score, though 20 years ago acri- 
monious correspondence was not infrequent. The weaving of 
woolen cloths is now at Bradford as well as elsewhere without 
the agency of oil, the warps being merely sized and this innova- 
tion on the practice of old times has relieved the waterproofer 
of his former anxiety. A point of some importance to the users 
of rubber faced cards is to prevent the steel points from be- 
coming rusty. Owing to the well known destructive action of 
oil upon rubber there has naturally been much hesitation in 
using anything of an oily nature. I am informed, however, 
that recent experiments have resulted in finding an oleaginous 
body which answers the purpose well and which has no de- 
structive effect upon the rubber. To nickel plate the steel, it 
appears, would be an expense which the business will not 
stand, though it suggests itself as eminently desirable. 

" The object of the present invention is to reclaim waste vul- 
canized India rubber, and render the same available for employ- 
ment in the capacity of rubber previously un- 
RECLAiMED used." Thus Messrs. Gregory and Thorn, in a 
p^TE^TS recent British patent. After reading the patent 
through I have come to the conclusion that 
though the object of the invention is nodoubtcorrectly describ- 
ed, the results are any thing but conclusive as to the object having 
ever been attained. Briefly described the process consists in 
grinding the rubber to crumb, boiling it in dilute hydrochloric 
acid to extract the mineral matters, drying the rubber, and then 
dissolving it in a mixture of aniline oil and naphtha. The solu- 
tion is passed through a strainer and is then, we are told, ready 
for any purpose for which it is intended. I am quite in the dark 
as to what these uses for such a solution are. Supposing as 
stated that the solvent will readily evaporate at the ordinary Km- 
perature, this can only refer to the naphtha and not the aniline, 
which is an oily liquid boiling at 363 F. Surely some process of 
separating the rubber from its solution is necessary, and when 
this is done I fully expect it will be found that the separated 
rubber is of much the same value as the original ground crumb, 
and that it has not been devulcanized to any appreciable extent. 
The authors say that they do not claim the use of aniline as 
a solvent as a novelty, but only in their mode of application. Of 
course it may be that some vital part of the process has been 
withheld from the public eye in order to baffle the schemes of 
infringers ; certainly as I have seen it in print I cannot see that 
the patent has any value. Of course aniline as a solvent for 
waste rubber is not novel. I understand that the chief reason 
for its abandoment was the expense. Complete solution of the 
vulcanized rubber in an oily liquid isthe principle of the patent 
taken out by Robinson Brothers & Clift. The liquid they use 
is what is known as heavy bases, a residue in the preparation of 
pyridine from coal tar. In this case, the mineral matters fall to 
the bottom of the solution vessel, and there seems no object in 
previously removing them by hydrochloric acid according to 
Gregory's patent. Moreover in Robinson's process it is not sug- 
gested that the oily solution of rubber should be utilized, but 
the rubber is completely separated from solution by chemical 



12 



THE INDIA RUBBER W^ORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



means on lines well known to those who manufacture coal tar 

products. 

For many years as will be remembered the bulk of the retail 

business was done by Messrs. Ayres. Then three years ago 

Messrs. Slazenger, their most formidable oppo- 

LAWN rients. got the bulk of the tournament and club 

TENNIS _, "^ . J u. . .u 

BALLS orders owing to some extent no doubt to the 

fact of their having a very prominent British 
player on their board. I understand that neither of these firms 
make the ball ; they buy the balls from the rubber manufact- 
urer and put the felt covering on. What difference there is 
between them seems to be largely a matter of the quality of the 
felt and of uniformity in size and weight. The ordinary player 
no doubt would not see any difference between one make and 
another, but the leading players are very discriminating and a 
good deal of discussion has been going on lately with regard to 
the relative merits of the balls supplied by the two firms. Of 
course I am referring only to the championship balls, sold at a 
shilling each ; the cheaper halls have not a very large sale and 
when bought they are often made to do duty for a long time. 
In the principal tournaments large numbers of balls are used ; 
for instance in the final at Wimbledon between the American 
and British pairs for the Davis challenge cup six new balls were 
used in eachof the five sets played and no doubt a corresponding- 
ly large number were used in the previous international contests 
which did not come under my personal observation. The prin- 
cipal makers of lawn tennis balls are Messrs. Charles Macin- 
tosh & Co., The Irwell and Eastern Rubber Co., and the New 
Eccles Rubber Works — the last firm, as will be remembered, 
using the Cox patent machine. Owing to the fact of the quality 
remaining the same while the price of rubber has advanced the 
manufacturers have naturally had to advance their prices to the 
middlemen ; as, however, the retail prices have not been raised 
it is a fair supposition that the profits of the latter have suffered 
a serious diminution. It may be therefore, though I speak with- 
out any actual knowledge, that a lower quality of felt covering 
has been used in order that the business may be maintained 
without loss. A difference between Ayres's and Slazenger's 
balls which I have not mentioned is the degree to which they are 
blown up ; this difference is quite perceptib'e in some seasons 
and players who have accustomed themselves to one make find 
a difficulty in showing to advantage with the other. Of course 
the middlemen are not limited to British balls; the Germans 
have long had a cut in though what the present position is 
with regard to their competition 1 am unable to say. 

A RECENT financial supplement of The 7VV«« contained a 
special article on Ceylon rubber, attention being drawn partic- 
ularly to the expected labor difficulty, and the 
CEYLON need of more railway communication to deal 

RUBBER . 

PLANTING. With It. No doubt this matter will become of in- 
creasing importance; it has already become 
acute in the Straits Settlements where a partial solution has been 
obtained by the importation of Javanese. At present most of 
the Ceylon labor is obtained from India, the Cingalese not hav- 
ing much reputation as workmen. In contradistinction to what 
obtains in Brazil, however, there is no climatic reason against 
the employment of Euiopean labor in Ceylon, and we may see 
labor largely augmented from this source in the future. Of 
course the labor question can never become of the same impor- 
tance with rubber as with tea and coffee, fn the latter cases 
the produce is spoilt unless gathered at the right time, while 
with rubber the matter resolves itself merely into delay, the 
product improving rather than deteriorating by remaining in 
the tree. So far the canker pest seems the worst enemy the 
Ceylon planters apprehend, though I understand that loss from 



this source can be largely minimized by energetic and prompt 
measures at its first appearance. 

A LAW will shortly come into operation in France forbidding 

the use of white lead as a paint on account of its poisonous 

properties, a piece of legislation much on a par 

WHITE LEAD ^j^j^ ^jjg prohibition of phosphorus matches in 

LEGISLATION. *^ K I 

Holland and Scandinavia. With regard to the 
white lead in France, this may have the result of raising the 
price of zinc oxide, which must now be more generally used. I 
only suggest this as a possible contingency which the French 
rubber manufacturers may have to face. Against this, however, 
there is the recent increased production of zinc in many coun- 
tries of the world, notably in Australia, where the old problem 
of treating complex zinc ores seems at last to have been satisfac- 
torily solved. If one can gage the future at all, the outlook is 
all in favor of cheaper zinc and consequently of cheaper oxide. 
Despite the numerous attempts which have been made to pro- 
duce the oxide direct from the ore, practically no success has 
been attained in Europe, the Vieille Montaigne product made 
by burning the metal still holding the field. In America, how- 
ever, the oxide is prepared direct from the refractory zinc ores 
of New Jersey, though this product hardly comes at all into 
competition in Europe with the Belgian oxide. 

In my August notes (page 373) I made a short reference to a 

new process for recovering rubber from insertion by mechanical 

means alone. Having had some enquiries on 

^^'^ the matter, I will endeavor to explain the 

RUBBER SCRAP , . _, ., ^J 

MACHINE. process somewhat in detail. The rubber 

containing fiber and metal is first ground up 
to powder by rolls in the ordinary way. The powder is then 
allowed to fall on a grating through which a current of air is 
blown. The grating has a jolting action, the result being that 
the fiber is blown away while the rubber and metal fall through 
the grating into a centrifugal fan. The action of this is to force 
the material against a screen, but in its fall it meets with a cross 
blast from another fan so regulated that it blows the compara- 
tively light rubber down into a bag while the metal continues 
its course into a receptacle farther on. This description may 
not be very easy to follow, but at any rate it will give a general 
idea of the process. 1 can't say that I am much enamored of it, 
though I speak without any practical experience of it. It seems 
to me that existing methods are simpler and likely to prove less 
costly. Of course there may be special cases where its utility 
could not be called into question, and I may take an opportu- 
nity of again referring to the matter, should further details 
come to hand. 

The fact that the monopoly of the world's sulphur supply so 
long held by Sicily is now a thing of the past, owing to the suc- 
cessful exploitation of the Louisiana deposits, 

FUTURE PRICE "^ , , . . , 

OF SULPHUR IS a matter of general interest. Among those 
who have a special interest in forthcoming 
events are the rubber manufacturers, for it is evident that a war 
of prices must ensue between the Union Sulphur Co. — the new 
American concern — and the Anglo-Sicilian Sulphur Co., which 
rules the destinies of Sicily. The latter has not yet decided 
whether to enter on a new arrangement lor a term of years. 
Certainly in the past few years it has been a decided benefit to 
the volcanic island in regulating output and prices, and at the 
same time it has paid its shareholders substantial dividends. 
From a circular sent out from Stuttgart, where the European 
agency of the American Co. is located, it seems that a strong 
bid will be made for European business, and the outlook for the 
Sicilian miners is anything but promising, all the more if the 
American claim of higher purity for their product is found to 
be strictly the fact. 



October i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



13 



BAD CONDITIONS IN THE ACRE RUBBER DISTRICT. 

By Senhor Franco Vieira.* 



IT is an urgent necessity for the government to provide 
legislation for the seringaa (rubber camps). At the 
present time the proprietors of the lands are left without 
any security. 
After the treaty of Petropolis, by which the government 
purchased from Bolivia nearly the whole of the department of 
Upper Acre, Colonel Cunha Mattos, at that time the prefect, 
promulgated a land law, providing for a term of two years, 
during which the owners of the seri/igats were to mark the 
boundaries of their lands, so as to obtain title thereto, the said 
owners paying to the Union, however, a sum which, unless we 
are mistaken, was fixed at i;-ioo of a real per square meter. 

The same regulations provided for a term of six months, 
during which those who had prospected and taken possession 
of lands could take out a provisional title, in order to secure 
the occupation of the explored lands. 

According to our information, about 30 provisional titles 
were issued, while there were recorded at the office of the sec- 
retary of the prefecture 10 to 12 final titles which had been 
issued by the government of the state of Amazonas, as well as 
those granted by the Bolivian government. It will be well to 
add that both governments received money for the sale of the 
lands in question, and there can be no doubt, therefore, that 
the owners of final titles issued by either of the said govern- 
ments have at this time the uncontestable right of ownership 
to the lands in question. 

It was thus understood by the colonel ex prefect, as is shown 
by the following instance : When the Messrs. Joaquin Alves 
Maia and Fiusas Porto h Cia., proprietors of the .5«7«^(7« of 
" Soledade," the first named of those on the left and the last 
named on the right bank of the Acre river, applied for the titles 
of ownership to the said seringaes, on the ground that they had 
previously paid the purchase price to the government of Ama- 
zonas, there being scarcely due more than the last instalment, 
their application was granted, the balance of the purchase price 
being collected by the revenue office at Porto Acre, and the re- 
spective titles of ownership issued. 

The above were the only titles granted, because, in spite of 
the fact that many other lands were in the same condition, no 
more titles were issued on account of the receipt by the pre- 
fect of a copy of a telegram from the secretary of the interior, 
addressed to the special delegate at Manaos, in which the sec- 
retary declared that the prefects did not possess the right to 
give a decision in regard to the sale of lands, the government 
of the Union alone being competent to do so. 

This resolution, which seriously affected the interests of the 
proprietors of seringaes, was unfavorably received by the in- 
habitants of Acre, who, since the revolution, had been anxious 
to have their rights confirmed, the more so as many of them 
had been occupying the lands for more than loor 20 years past, 
and had wasted their youth in such an unhealthy place, suffer- 
ing the severest privations, only to see themselves at the pres- 
ent time deprived of all security of possession. 

We feel sure, however, that the government, being now bet- 
ter informed, will take action for the care of the interests of 
the population of Acre, whose resources are at the present time 
exhausted, the greater part of the land owners finding them- 
selves in this condition because they gave all they could for 
* In the Jornai do Brasil (Rio de Janeiro) 



the support of the revolution against Bolivia, as they were 
anxious to have the department of Upper Acre become the 
property of the Brazilian government. 

Only those who traveled through this region and were able 
to observe the patriotism by which the population is inspired, 
have seen how, after the end of the revolution, many citizens 
who were formerly wealthy, turned to the cutting of rubber 
trees, as they had become absolutely poor, and were, moreover, 
dispersed among the towns of Pata and Amazonas. 
Not one of these had received an indemnity. 
What these people demand to-day is the securing of their 
rights, the respecting of their interests, and such legislation as 
will secure to them the fruits of their honest labor. 

The territory is immensely rich, and if the government will 
facilitate immigration and provide labor laws in accordance 
with the requirements of the region, we shall within a short 
time see Acre become a state well worthy of standing by the 
side of Pard and Amazonas. The rubber crop alone would 
suffice to bring about such prosperity, because, besides the 
present large export, it will be well to keep in mind that the 
greater part of the department of Upper Acre remains to be 
explored, the rubber lands there being still virgin territory. 

If the department of Upper Acre exported last year more 
than 2,000,000 kilograms of India-rubber, besides the Caucho 
■A.nAse}>tamliy, without having the labor which it requires, we can 
imagine what the result would be if the current of immigra- 
tion were directed towards it. The production would, without 
exaggeration, be three or four times larger, and thus secure 
to the government a fabulous revenue, well capable of wiping 
out within a short space of time the deficit resulting from 
the purchase of the territory. 

In order to bring this about, it will be sufficient for the gov- 
ernment to extend aid to those desiring to go to Acre, which 
would not be very expensive, a third class passage from any of 
the northern states to Upper Acre, Puriis, or Jurud, not costing 
more than 300 milreis.* Now, as each immigrant would produce 
at least 600 kilos [=i322;V pounds] of India-rubber, at the 
rate of 7 milreis, or a total of 4200 milreis, on which a duty of 
18 per cent., or 756 milreis would be levied, this amount 
would within the first year pay for the passage and leave a not 
inconsiderable balance. 

In making up the above figures, we have taken into account 
those who may die in the territory in question, as many of the 
survivors will produce twice the above mentioned quantity and 
even much more. The government has, moreover, facilities at 
its command for making shipping contracts, thereby largely 
reducing the price of the passage as quoted above. 

In the meantime, the proprietors of sertngaes who come down 
each year in search of help, can make contracts with a few per- 
sons only, because the cost of loans of capital is enormous, and 
whenever payment is not promptly made, the rate of interest 
at harvest time rises above 20 per cent. 

Consequently, the proprietor of a seringal who would require 
500 to 600 men, works with 100 men only, or at least with only 
a few more, for, if he has a surplus of 20 or 30 men, an equal 
number of those he has assisted will go away to see or visit 
their families. 

It was impossible to take a census of the department in ques- 

* With exchange at 17 pence, equal to $103.41, gold. 



14 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[OcroBER I, 1905. 



tion, notwithstanding the good intention of the ex-prefect, but 
the population is figured at 10,000 to 20,000 souls, the majority 
being entirely illiterate. For this reason the prefects are meet- 
ing with enormous difficulties in obtaining persons fit to fill 
Federal offices, as we have stated before. 

We shall not, however, deviate from our purpose of petition- 
ing the government to direct the flow of emigration towards 
this department, and when this shall have been accomplished, 
we believe we shall have rendered one of the best services to 
the inhabitants of Acre, as well as to the whole of Brazil, which 
will, within a few years, have in Acre an enormous source of 
revenue. 



RUBBER MONOPOLY IN NICARAGUA. 



THERE was due to go into effect on September i a con- 
cession granted by the president of the republic of 
Nicaragua to two citizens of that country, for a monopoly t' 
rubber gathering from wild trees \n certain districts which now 
yield the greater part of the rubber exported from that country. 
It is known that the granting of the concession was strongly 
opposed by at least two important commercial houses having 
connections in Rluefields. A report reaches The India Rub- 
ber World that the districts covered by this concession yielded 
during the last fiscal year about 350.000 pounds of rubber; the 
total exports of rubber from Nicaragua in 1903 amounted to 
530.090 pounds. The amount payable to the government by 
the concessionaire is equivalent to about $160 gold. The Blue- 
fields ^'«f''V"« says : " It is a measure which vitally interests 
every merchant on the coast and rivers. We mean those who 
have, as has always been the custom, advanced merchandise 
and cash to the rubber cutters in the hope of being paid back 
in rubber." It is stated that another rubber concession has 
been granted to the minister of fomento for the territory of 
Cabo Gracias, but has been suspended indefinitely. 

A translation of the concession first mentioned follows : 
CONTRACT. 

Josfe D. Gomez, Secretary of Commerce, Industry, Agriculture, 
Public Works, etc., in his capacity as representative of the Govern 
ment, being the party of the first part, and Francisco Guerrero 
and Ji'AN DE DiAS Moreira, being the party of the second part, 
have agreed to enter into the following contract : 

I. The Government leases to Messrs. Guerrero and Moreira, fir 
a term of 10 years, the exploitation of the rubber producing lands 
situated within the jurisdiction of the department of Zelaya and 
the districts of Prinzapolka and Rio Grande. 

I!. For the purpose of preventing the destruction of the rubber 
trees, and of making sure that they will be cared for, Messrs Guer- 
rero and Moreira obligate themselves to employ expert rubber 
gatherers who will observe and strictly comply with the provisions 
of Article II of the Regulations of October 15, lyoi, reading ; •' It 
is prohibited to make iniisions in rubber trees, of such a depth as 
to affect the wood itself. It is likewise prohibited to make incisions 
extending to more than one half of the circumference of the trunk 
or branches. Any infringement of the provisions of this article 
will be punishable by a fine of 5 dollars (pesos) for each damaged 
tree." 

III. Messrs. Guerrero and Moreira shall, during a term of to 
years, pay to the Government an annual rental, amounting to the 
sum of I(XX) dollars (pesos) in treasury notes, the said rental to be 
paid into the general treasury at the end of each quarter, without 
prejudice to the payment of th^ export duties. 

IV. No one shall be permitted to extract rubber on national 
lands within the territory covered by this contract, and without a 
written permit from the lessees, all infringements of this provision 
being punishable by the forfeiture of the rubber for the benefit of 



the lessees, one third part of the same being allowed to the in- 
former or the party apprehending the guilty person, without preju- 
dice to the penalties provided in the Regulations of October 15, 
1 90 1. 

V. Whenever the lessees are not the exporters, the chief of 
the UlulT custom house shall not permit the shipping of rub- 
ber, and shall confiscate the quantity submitted for export, un- 
less the party interested shall attach to the respective application a 
vjucher stating the place of origin of the rubber and specifying 
the names of the particular ranch or rubber producing lands and 
of the proprietor thereof, certified to by the highest authority of 
the township to which the ranch or rubber producing lands belong. 
Should he not be the owner of rubber producing lands, he will be 
obliged to produce the authorization referred to in Article 27 of the 
Regulations of October 15, igoi. The lack of the aforesaid docu- 
ments, shall, whenever it occurs, make the official who shall per- 
mit the shipping, subject to a fine amounting to 50 per cent, of 
the value of the exported rubber. 

VI. This present contract may be transferred in whole or in 
part to any person or company complying with the provisions con- 
tained therein. If the said person or company should, however, 
be of foreign nationality, they will be subject to the laws of this 
country in all matters involving this present contract which shall 
be in force from the first day of September next. 

VII. Default in the payment of the annual rental referred to in 
Article III, as well as any infraction of Article II, shall constitute 
sufficient reason for the annulment of this contract, which is to be 
submitted for the approval of the Executive. 

In witness whereof we affix our signatures to this present con- 
tract, at the Department of Commerce, Industry, Agriculture, etc , 
at Managua, on the second day of August, 1905. 

josfe D. G6.MEZ. 
FRANCISCO GUERRERO. 
J. DE D. MOREIRA. 
The President of the Republic decrees : To approve the foregoing 
contract. 
Managua, August 2, 1905. 
Sit^ncd for the President, 

The Secretary of Commerce, Industry, Agriculture, etc. 

G(')MEZ. 
« * « 

The last published report by the British consul on the trade 
and commerce in Nicaragua says : " All the India-rubber ex- 
ported is gathered in the mountains from forest trees, and the 
rubber cutters being under no restraint bleed the trees to ex- 
cess, cutting even very young trees that can give but little 
milk. In consequence many trees die, and the amount collected 
tends to diminish every year; nevertheless, India-rubber still 
appears as the fourth in value of the exports from Nicaragua, 
and in the year 1903 530,090 pounds valued at ^'i^AoS were 
shipped, all of which, with the exception of 277 pounds 
sent to the United Kingdom, went to the United States 
of America. The price of Nicaragua India-rubber in the 
United Kingdom is about the same as in the United States 
of America, and the reason why practically the whole 
of this produce is shipped to the United States is partly 
on account of the cheaper freight, but more especially owing 
to the continuous loss of weight from evaporation that the 
rubber undergoes. In New York, the principal market, the 
India-rubber is nearly always sold, immediately on arrival, 
' ex wharf,' whilst in London the rubber is generally ware- 
housed and not sold until the periodical auction sales take 
place in Mincing lane. The increased loss of weight caused 
by the delay, in addition to the heavy wharfage, warehousing, 
and sale expenses ,and the increased freight and delay in returns, 
makes it more profitable to consign the India-rubber to New 
York firms rather than to ship it to London." 



October i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER \VORL,D 



15 



PROGRESS IN RUBBER PLANTING. 



MALACCA RUBBER PLANTATIONS, LIMITED. 

THE formation of the company which is to acquire the 
important Bukit Asahan rubber estate, in the Malay 
peninsula, mentioned in this Journal last month (page 
413 ), and in which American capital is to be interested^ 
has been undertaken, according to The Times of Ceylon, by 
Messrs. Jeremiah Lyon & Co., of 4, Lombard court, E. C, 
London. It appears that the Messrs. Lyon have been con- 
nected in the past with important flotations. News has reached 
Colombo by wire of a delay in the flotation of the Malacca 
Rubber Plantations, Limited, due entirely to some question of 
title remaining to be settled. It was asserted that everything 
was in order, and that only formalities had to be observed. 

Low Gek Seng, late manager of an important mercantile firm 
at Bangkok, chief member of the Chinese syndicate which co- 
operated with the representative of Alden, Symington iSt Co. 
in securing an option on the rubber estate, and who accompa- 
nied him to London, has supplied some details regarding the 
estate and the proposed plan of capitalization, which appear in 
The Straits Times. It appears that there are 3500 acres fully 
planted (including sooacres to be planted with rubber this year) 
there being all told about 648,000 rubber trees, the ages of 
which are indicated by the following record of planting: 

Ykar. Para (//^7'(*rt). Fi<us elastica. 

1899 19.763 4.393 

1900.. 43,443 12,286 

I901 142,050 11.315 

1902 63.929 19,353 

1903 .. 106, I20 13,370 

1904 191,820 20,158 

Total 567,125 80,875 

The proposed new company to be registered in London — 
Malacca Rubber Plantations, Limited — is to be capitalized at 
^400,000, in £\ shares, as follows : 

.^285,000 in ordinary shares. 

;f 115. 000 in 1)2. % cumulative preferred ordinary shares. 

Of the ordinary shares, ^200,000 will be issued as part pay- 
ment to the vendors and ^85,000 issued for subscription, the 
proceeds to be devoted solely to opening up in rubber an addi- 
tional 6000 acres, which have been secured for the new com- 
pany. On each of these 85,000 shares the first call will be for 
one-eighth, with further calls for one-eighth at periods not less 
than 6 months apart. Of the proceeds of the 1 1 5.000 preferred 
shares, also to be offered for subscription, ;£ioo,ooo is to be 
paid in cash to the vendors, and the remaining ;£i 5,000 used 
for formation and working expenses, it being guaranteed that 
the cost of formation shall not exceed a specified low figure. 

As already mentioned in these pages, the Bukit Asahan 
estate has been developed by The Malacca Rubber and Tap- 
ioca Co., Limited, with offices at 39 Heeran street, Malacca. 
According to the "Singapore and Straits Directory " the di- 
rectors are : Tan Chay Yan (chairman), Tan Tat Yan, and 
Sect Lian Seek. The general manager of the company is 
Tan Cheng Yan, his assistant Tan Tat Yan, and the estate 
manager Tan Tiam Hock. Tan Chay Yan is a wealthy Chi- 
naman, mentioned in the directory as manager of the estate 
of Tan Tek Guan, at 39 Heeran street, and the other Tans 
are relatives. Seet Lian Seek is in business at Singapore. 

The Bukit Asahan estate has been visited, reported on, and 
valued by Mr. W. W. Bailey, who is recognized as one of the 
best authorities on rubber planting in the Straits. His report^ 
sent to London, has not been made public in the Far East. 



• 901 436 acres 

1902 667 " 



RUBBER PLANTING IN KALUTARA (CEYLON), 

[From ilic annual report for 1904 by Mr. B. Horsburgh, assistant KOvernment 
aKent for the Kalutara district.] 

Hitherto rubber cultivation has been eniiiely in the hands 
of European planters, but enterprising natives are now taking 
up the product, though the ordinary cultivator still (.relets i<, 
trust to the old and tried cocoanut tree. There are 6759 acres 
of tea land planted with rubbei among the tea bushes. For 
land exclusively planted with rubber the following figures give 
the areas and show the progress made : 

1903 1,127 acres 

1904 3.301 '• 

One hundred and seventy-eight acres are entirely in native 

hands. The output figures are as follows ; 

■9°' ^^. tons 1903 15 tons 

1902 7!^ " is)04 23^ ■• 

— the approximate area in bearing during 1904 being 242 acres, 
or 49,484 trees. So far there has been no appearance of dis- 
ease, and planters are confident of the healthy state of the plan- 
tations. 

ISTHMUS RUBBER CO. — REORGANIZATION. 
Investor.s in the Isthmus Rubber Co. of Ubero— incorpo- 
rated in 1901 with headquarters at No. 29 Broadway, New York, 
to form a rubber plantation near Ubero, in the state of Oaxaca, 
Mexico — have received circulars from the oflice of the company 
outlining plans for the merger of the company named and the 
Oaxaca Real Estate Development Co., with which later com- 
pany a contract exists for the development of the lands sold by 
it to the Isthmus company. These circulars set forth that the 
failure recently of two rubber planting companies in Boston, 
and an unwarranted attack made upon the Isthmus company 
in connection with the aflfair, have worked a great detriment to 
the Isthmus company, in that the sale of stock has fallen ofT 
and many subscriptions for shares have been cancelled. The 
resulting loss of income will prevent the company from com- 
plying fully with its contract with the Oaxaca development 
company, which default would justify the latter in cancelling 
the contract and taking over from the trustees the land in 
question and the developments to date. A meeting of share- 
holders in the Oaxaca Real Estate Development Co. has been 
called for October 9, at Jersey City, and a meeting of investors 
in the Isthmus Rubber Co. for October 10, in New York, for the 
purpose of voting on the plan of merger, which involves the 
forming of a new corporation to succeed the two old compa- 
nies, for which the name Oaxaca Rubber Co. has been sug- 
gested. Under the new plan there will no longer be an " inside " 
or development company, but all persons in interest will share 
in the profits of planting and development work, whereas hith- 
erto these profits have not been participated in by the investors 
in the Isthmus company. 

LA TRINIDAD MEXICAN PLANTATION CO. 

[Plantation: ** La Trinidad '* and " Ixtal." near San Juan Evangelista, state of 
Vera Cruz, Mexico. (Iffice : Monger block, Elkhart, Indiana. SeeTHKlNDlA 

RuBiiER World, May t, 1902 — page 253.] 

This company was incorporated July 20, 1905, under the 
laws of Maine, with $300,000 capital, to take over the entire 
assets of La Trinidad Mexican Plantation Association (Chi- 
cago), organized March i, 1901. A new board of officers has 
been elected ; Horace Hogendobler, Elkhart, Ind., president; 
Louis M. Cahn, Chicago, vice president ; C. L. Andrews, 
Augusta, Me., clerk; W. H. Hoffman, Goshen, Ind., secretary ; 



16 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



^\]>S^: .:^i 



Willard M. Ellwood, Elkhart, Ind., treasurer. The investors 
in the old company are informed that the new company will 
have direct charge of operations in Mexico, instead of the 
plantation being managed through contract with a develop- 
ment company as heretofore by La Trinidad Mexican Pfanta- 
tion Association. Mr. Pearson, of The India Rudher World, 
spent some time on the company's hacienda " Ixtal " in the 
early part of 1933. and photographic views of the plantation 
appeared in the August issue of this Journal in that year. 
Treasurer Ellwood now writes : "We have the oldest rubber 
so far as we know on the gu'.f coast in the Isthmus territory but 
do not expect to commence tapping commercially for two or 
three years." 

ORIZABA RUBBER PLANTATION CO. 

[ Plantation " El Cliival," Salto de Agua, state of Chiapas. Mexico. Office : No 21 
Quincy street, Chicago, Illinois. See The India Rubrbr World, March 1, 
1904— page 1S5.] 

The last report by an inspector chosen by the shareholders, 
dated September i, 1905, is 
signed by W. S. Sweeny, prin- 
cipal of a public school in Jer- 
sey City. He arrived at the 
company's plantation on July 
25, and his report gives de- 
tailed statements in regard 10 
the various features of the 
plantation, which is princi- 
pally devoted to rubber. He 
concludes his report on the 
condition of the plantation: 
" Nothing short of a convul- 
sion of nature or the worst of 
bad management can make it 
a failure." Mr. Sweeny's re- 
port includes notes on a num- 
ber of other company and pri- 
vate plantations of rubber 
which he saw while in Mexico, 
the condition of which on the 
whole further encourages him 
in the hope that rubber plant- 
ing there promises ultimately 
to be exceedingly successful. 
For instance, he mentions " La 
Ventura" plantation [in 
charge of Mr. James C. Har- 
vey], who, after tapping ex- 
perimentally some six year old 
rubber trees to determine the 
quality of the rubber, submit- 




RUBBER TAPPING IN NICARAGUA. 

The tapping of six year old Castilloas at the " Canada" plantation, 
Bluefields, Nicaragua, shown in the illustration, is along lines worked 
out by Mr. Gordon Waldfon, resident manager and largest owner. The 
tool used is made from a machttt, and is of the chisel type. Under the 
cut is placed a tin cup, twelve cups to the tree. When the flow ceases 
the latex in the cups is poured into a pail of water, and the cup rinsed 
out. Coagulation is effected by boiling. 



RUBBER AT THE PENANG (MALAY STATES) SHOW. 
The second yearly Agri- Horticultural Show of the Federated 
Malay States was opened at Penang on August 9, by the gov- 
ernor, Sir John Anderson, k. c. m. g., with a very encouraging 
attendance. The local newspapers devote special attention to 
the very large and varied exhibit of rubbers produced from plan- 
tations. The Malay A/ai7 says : " The interval of a year since 
the Show was held here has made an enormous difference in the 
state of rubber preparation. A year ago our planters were 
working more or less in the dark, and it was only then at the 
Show itself that the washing machine which appears to have 
such a great future before it was brought before the public gaze. 
[See The India Ruhher World, October i, 1904— page 12.] 
Here the exhibit of rubber was but small, but according to 
information to hand ample amends appear to have been made 
in this respect at the Show now pursuing its successful course 
in the northern colony." The governor in his address spoke 

of the great advance made by 
the rubber planters in the pre- 
paration of their rubber since 
last year. He said that the 
success with rubber had had 
the interesting effect of at- 
tracting the company promo- 
ter, a very astute gentleman 
whom he warned the planters 
to be very careful in dealing 
with ; however other people 
come out, a company promo- 
ter will always come out well. 
He reminded the planters that 
what is good to sell is gener- 
ally good to keep, and that 
they should not be in too great 
haste to dispose of their plan- 
tations. He would rather see 
a planter looking after his own 
estate than a manager looking 
after the land on behalf of an 
absentee company. Mr. W. R. 
Span showed a machine for 
preparing rubber, which is de- 
scribed as not unlike a clothes 
wringer except that it has 
three rollers working at vary- 
ing speeds. The rubber is 
drawn through the rollers, 
which extract the water, and 
comes out in thin dry sheets. 



ted samples of the product to rubber merchants who offered 
him $1.05 gold for such rubber in large quantities. Mention 
is made of Sefior Pedero, who claimed to have 2000 cultivated 
rubber trees 14 years old, which he had tapped for several 
years, selling the product, and that there were several other 
plantations in his neighborhood of from 10,000 to 50,000 trees 
from which rubber had been shipped for years. The report 
adds: "Juan Roviera has a plantation 30 miles north of Hui- 
manguillo, which contains 2000 cultivated trees 12 years old. 
When the trees were nine years old he took one pound of rub 
ber from each tree and sold it for $2200 gold." Dr. George B. 
Abbott, who has been mentioned before in these pages as the 
plantation manager, is about to retire after several years' resi- 
dence in the tropics and be succeeded by Mr. P. L. Barrerquy, 
who is mentioned as having had 15 years' experience in trop- 
ical agriculture. 



The machine was awarded a diploma and the handsome cup 
presented by members of the Engineers' Institute. 
NEW CEYLON PLANTING COMPANIES. 

Ratnapura Rubber Co., Limited, with a nominal capital of 
250,000 rupees [= $81,100] has purchased Kosgalla and Gabella 
estates, at Ratnapura in Kuruwita district. There are 563 acres, 
of which i3S,on Kosgalla. are in tea, which is tobe interplanted 
with rubber, and the rest is forest land which will be developed 
in rubber later. The first directors are R. F. S. Hardie, R. W. 
Harrison, M. F. Khan, and E. M. Shattock. 

= Kapar Para Rubber Estates Co. .Limited, registered in Lon- 
don August 28, 1905, with/ 50,000 capital, to adopt an agree- 
ment with J. B. Fletcher.W. W. Bailey, and W. Newett, provid- 
ing for the acquisition of certain property in the Federated 
Malay States, and to carry on the business of rubber planters. 
Registered office: 81, Gracechurch street, E. C, London. 



October i, 19:5] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



17 



RECENT RUBBER PATENTS. 



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 

Issued July 18, 1905. 

NO. 794,725. Vehicle wheel [with sectional elastic tirej. K. Mari, 
liuenos Ayres, Argentina. 

794.766. Hose coupling. .Samuel G. Wright and J. T. Vines, Hunt- 
ington. W. Va. 

794,782. Stopper holder for water bags. A. C. Coe, Orange, Conn., 
assignor to The I'alcon Rubber Co., New Haven. 

794.814. Reservoir pen. W. W. Sanford, Newark, N. J., assignor of 
one half to F. 1). Hennett, Ireehold, N. J. 

794.815. Vehicle tire and rim. V. A. Seiberling. Akron, Ohio. 

794.816. Vehicle tire. Sami. 

794,832. Footwear. [Shoe having an elastic sole.] C, T. Adams, 

New York city. 
794,836. I'ountain pen. T. P. Ambrose, Cincinnati. 
794,879. Rim for wheels [to retain a pneumatic tire]. J. .M. Padgett, 

Topeka, Kans. 
794,892. Packing. A. H. Schier, Milwaukee, Wis. 
794,920. Gasket. D. C. Bianchard, Chicago. 
794,987. Packing. G. M. Kneuper, New York city, 
795,069. Hose coupling. R. F. Settlage, St. Louis. 

795.075. Leather and rubber sheet or strip. J. J. Steinharter, Phila- 
delphia. 

795.076. Apparatus for coating leather with rubber. Same. 
795,108. Pneumatic pillow. L. F. Doellinger, assignor of one half to 

L. M. HoUiday, both of Des Moines, Iowa. 
795,171. Tire for vehicle wheels. F. Sadler, Wandsworth common, 

England. 
795,176. Fire apparatus. S. A. A. Stenbcrg, asssgnor of i^„"o to W. 

E. Cumback, both of San Francisco. 
795,210. Hose clamp. II N. Evans, assic;nor of one-half to F. DeW. 

Morris, both of Philadelphia. 

TraJe Marks, 

2404. Fabric hose. Eureka Fire Hose Co , Jersey City, N. J. Essen- 
ttal feature. — The representation of a Greek cross printed in red 
interposed between the two words RED and CROSS. 

2405. Fabric hose. Same. Essential fealzire. — The representation of 
a red ball interposed between the two words RED and BALL 

4124. Insulating compounds. Standard Underground Cable Co., 
Pittsburgh. Essential /eatute. ^The word STANDARD. 

5220. Fabric belting. Eureka Fire Hose Co.. fersey City, N. J. Es- 
sential /eature.— The words EUREKA BELTING encircled by the 
representation of a belt. 

Issued July 25, 1905. 

795,280. Rubber heel pad and means for attaching same to boots or 
shoes. W. C. Hawtin, Leytonstone, England. 

795. 307- Rubber tire fastener for wheels. G. T. Reed, assignor of 
one third to A. H. Beimschia, both of Baltimore. 

795i323. Apparatus for electrothermal treatment. D. M. Watson, 
Portland, Ore. 

795,412. Pneumatic grain elevator. S. Olson, Chicago. 

795.53*>. Bathing apparatus. S. C. Neal, New York city. 

795.569. Fountain pen. T. P. Ambrose, Cincinnati. 

795,603. Tongue shield. H. Gardner, assignor of one-half to H. T. 
Oflterdinger, both of Washington, D. C. [Described in The India 
RuHiiEK World, August i, 1905 — page 376.] 

795.652. Vehicle tire. F. A. Ruff. Detroit, Mich. 

795.732. Tire [comprising a plurality of arc shaped plates]. C. D. 
Purdy, Gladwin, Mich. 

795.767. Vehicle wheel [with a protective armor of chains]. J. II. 
Hershberger, Wilkesbarre, Pa. 

795.796. Hose coupling. C. Gottwald, assignor of one-half to J. A. 
Diehl, both of Cleveland, Ohio. 

Tratle Mark. 

3,69). Insulating materials and covering embodying rubber and used 
forelectiic wires and cables. The Eureka Rubber Mfg. Co. of 
Trenton. N. J. Essential feature. — The representation of a star, 
having the letters of the word EUREKA appearing on its points, and 
inclosing concentric circles, one of which is formed of dots. With- 
in the outer circle appear the words and a character EUREKA RUBBER 
INSULATED WIRES & CABLES, and one of the inner circles is 
shaded by means of parallel lines, all inclosed in an outer circular 
figure. 



Issued August i, 1905. 

795,906. Vehicle wheel tire. H. Garner, Nantwich, England. 

795,960. Toy snap-back ball. J. li. Cook, Toronto, assignor of one- 
half to T. Cook, Hamilton. Ontario. 

795.977. Hose coupling. J. Hogan, Escanaba, Mich. 

796,673. Vehicle tire. [Solid.] F. M. Hilton, J. S. Hilton, and 
W. W. Hilton. Akron, Ohio. 

796,114. Electrotherapcutic apparatus, H. E. Currey, Baker City, 
Oregon. 

796,132. Hand stamp. W. Laycock. Chicago. 

796,167. Emergency tire. H. C. Waite, assignor of one eighth to G. 
II. Atkins and one fourth to R. F. Mayhew, all of Milwaukee, 
Wis, 

796.306. Hose coupling. I. W. Exley, Colville, Wash. 

796,400. Tire. [Composed of yielding material having a metallic fac- 
ing]. F. H. Bowly, New York city. 

Trade Marks. 

177. India-rubber tires, solid and pneumatic and India-rubber cover 
bandages, repair sheets, plasters, and patches for such tires. Con- 
tinental Caoutchouc Co., New York city. Essential feature. — The 
representation of a prancing horse at the center of concentric cir- 
cles, between which appear the letters, character, and abbreviation 
C. C. & G. P. CO. H. 

2.411. Fabric hose. Eureka Fire Hose Co . Jersey City, N. J. Essen- 
tial feature.— 'X'nt woids 20TH CENTURY. 

4.497. Rubber vehicle tires. The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., 
Akron, Ohio. Essential feature.—'W^t words THE BROADWAY. 

4.498. Rubber vehicle tires. Same. Essential feature. — The word 
SPEEDWAY. 

4.499. Rubber vehicle tires. Same. Essential feature. — The word 
RELIANCE 

4.500. Rubber vehicle tires. Same. Essential feature. — The word 
WING. 

Issued August 8, 1905. 

796,599. Hose binder. J. J. Mclntyre and II. Bagshaw, Hartford, 
Conn. 

796,625. Resilient wheel. R. Bernat, Bordeaux, France. 

796,664. Tire. [Pneumatic] A. DeLaski, Weehawken, N. J. 

796.873. Vehicle wheel [with pneumatic tire]. F. A. Seiberling, 
Akron, Ohio. 

796,894. Tire and rim. [Pneumatic] J. Butler, Altrincham, Eng- 
land. 

796,930. Rubber tread. P. W. Pratt, Boston. 

796,955. Hose bolder. A. G. Burton, Denver, Colo. 

Trade Mark. 

855. Fountain pens. Boston Fountain Pen Co.. Boston. Essential 
feature. — A representation in perspective of the old Massachusetts 
state house, with the representation of a fountain pen of enormous 
size passing through and projecting on both sides of the state house. 

Issued August 15, 1905. 

796,994. Horseshoe [with rubber pads]. J. H, Gay, Milwaukee, Wis. 

797,035. Method of attaching a rubber body to another body [as in 
making horseshoe pads]. R. Whitaker, Jr.. assignor to the Never- 
slip Manufacturing Co., both of New Brunswick, N. J. 

797,136. Life preserver. H. T. Manlove, Evanston, 111. 

797,138. Fabric for pneumatic tires. C. L. Marshall, Newark, N. J. 

797,194. Elastic fabric. J. L. Gilson. assignor to Howard Manufac- 
turing Co.. both of Boston. 

797,200, Pneumatic tire. J. O. Haas, Pottsville, Pa. 

797.365. Douche. [A compressible bulb of special form, for syrin- 
ges and the like.] C. W. Meinecke. Jersey City. N. J. 

797.367. Connection for inflating rotating tires. [Attached to the wheel 
and worked by it while in motion.] A. L. Olson. Essex. Conn. 

797.384. Hydrant and hose coupling. W. S. Thurston, Jacksonville, 
Fla. 

794.434- Launderable bib. A. Homeyer, Jersey City, N. J. 

797,447. Bicycle pump. F. B. Merry, assignor of one half to B. Mer- 
ry, both of Augusta, Ga. 

Tretde Mark. 

6,346. Waterproof leather belting. Ilolyoke Belting Co., Holyoke, 
Mass. Essential feature. — "nie. word SUBMARINE. 

[NoTB.— Printed copies of specilicalions of United States patents may be ob- 
tained from The India Rubbbr Would office at 10 cents each, postpaid.] 



18 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. 
Patent Specifications Published. 

The number given is tliat assigned to the Patent at the filinK of the Applica- 
tion, which in tlie case of those listed below was in 1904. 

• Denoits Patents for A merican Inventions. 

[Abstractkd in thk Official Journal, July 26, 1905.] 

7795 (iQoj). Treatment of waste ebonite 01 vulcanized rubber for use in 

insulating compounds. V. de Karavodine, I'atis, France. 
7810 (1904). Tire formed of hollow or solid rubber blocks, made with 
bases which engage under metal frames. V. J. Chary, Paris, 
France. 
7848 (1904), Anti slipping tire tread. M. M. and A. K. Dessau, Mer- 

ton, Surrey. 
7808 (1904). Exercising apparatus. [Dumbbell in two parts pivoted 
together so as to rock, and provided with rubber cushions to prevent 

noise.] H. Fairbrother, London. 

7945 (1904). Removable boot heel. 
R. Jelen, Bohemia, Austria. 

8006(1904). Interlocking floor tiling. 
[Tiles are made with U, V, or 
other shaped interlocking projec- 
tions and recesses, occupying 
preferably a third of their thick- 
ness. Tiie tiles may be arranged 
in patterns and may be molded 
with different designs on the face 
or have colored or shaped centei s. ] 
A. Whiteway and Charles Mac- 
intosh & Co.. Ltd., Manchester. 

8072(1904). Golf ball [with padding 
between the central core and the 
outer cover made of perforated rubber sheeting vulcanized before 
being wound onj. P. Cruickshank, Edinburgh. 

[AnSTRACTED IN THK OFFICIAL JiiURNAL, AuGUST 2, igOS.J 

8337 (1904). Revolving heel protector. 
Bedford. 




8006 (1904). 



F. W. Farr and J. Power, 



8364 (1904). Firemen's helmet with air cushion and means for supply- 
ing fresh air. J. H. and A. B. Drager, Lubeck, Germany. 

8442 (1904). Pneumatic tire with special tread. J. C. Graham, Lon- 
don. 

8586(1904). Portable vulcanizer especially for repairing tires. W. 
Hill, G. Leeson, and County Chemical Co., all of Birmingham. 

* 8606 (1904). Horseshoe pad. J. E. HolTmann, New York. 
8697(1904). Golf ball. J. Crosland and British Insulated and Helsby 

Cables, Ltd., Warrington. 

f Abstracted in the Official Journal, August id. 1905 ] 

8740 (1904). Adjustable boot heel. E. A. Lancaster and S. Hackett, 

Stapleford. 
8828 (1904) Pneumatic tire with special tread. W. Drury, Swansea, 

and F. H. Medhurst, London. 
8893 (1904). Means of attaching solid rubber tires. I. Guist, Puy- 

richard, France. 
8900(1904). Pneumatic motor tire with thickened and wire protected 

tread. A. von Lllde, Frankfort o/M., Germany. 
*8g28(l904). Pneumatic tire protected by removable puncture proof 

mesh of wire. J. L. Brown and B. King, Rahway, New Jersey. 
9047 (1904). Solid rubber tire with means for the prevention of slipping. 

T. Gare, New Brighton. 
g079 (1904). Artifici.Tl foot with cushions and other parts of rubber. 
9188 (1904). Solid rubber tire for motors [with metal chain fitted in a 

trough formed in the tread to form a non skidding wearing surface]. 
IAbstracthd IN THE Official Journal, Aulust 16.1905.] 

9233 (1904). Pneumatic tire for motors [having a cover formed with 
two treads, side by side, to prevent skidding]. F. Reddaway, Man- 
chester. 

9301 (1904). Spray producers [for vines or trees]. A. F. Billa, Si. 
Julien de Medoc, France. 

9321(1904). Valve for pneumatic tire. H Nemerovsky, Manchester. 

9330(1904). Golf ball. S. de Pont. Manchester. 

* 9333 (■904)' Vehicle wheel [having an inner and an outer rim with 

metallic springs or pneumatic rubber sections between]. A. Cousen, 
Detroit, Michigan. 

9400(1904). Pneumatic tire. H. W. Hepburn, Birkdale. 

9432 (1904). Hot water bottle. [A textile bag, lined with sheet asbes- 
tos on the side remote from the person, is made with pockets to re- 
ceive the rubber hot water containers.] R. W. Sampson, Quebec, 
Canada. 




9C44 (1904). 



9504 (1904.) Artificial leg [comprising parts of sponge rubber and elas- 
tic webbing]. R. E. Daniels, Rochdale. 

* 9510 (1904). Narrow elastic fabric for suspenders, garters, and the 

like. H. J. Gaisnan. New York. 
9607 (1904). Abdominal belt. J. 

P. HodgkinsoQ. Manchester. 
9631 (1904). ICIastic tire [formed 

of alternate layers ot rubber 

and corrugated metal bands]. 

A. Lafargue, London. 
9644 (1904). Pneumatic tire [pro 

tectcd against slipping by a 

band detachable or otherwise 

from which protrudes a series 

of wires, bristles, or the like. 

the intercises being partially 

filled with a suitable composi- 
tion]. W. Youlden, London. 

(Abstracted in the Official Journal, August 23, 1905.] 
9773 (1904). Golf ball [formed by winding elastic cords which are pre- 
viously plaited or twisted]. Rollo Appleyard, Silveitown rubber 

works, London. 
*993i (1904) Pneumatic tire [the cover being attached to the rim by 

metal eyelets] . R. H. Croninger, Chicago. 

* 10,175 (1904). Vaginal syringe. H. J. Haddan, London. (Meinecke 

& Co., New York.) 
10.179 (■904)- Device for cleaning carpets by means of compressed air. 
J. P. O'Donnell and H. S. Potter, Bromley, Kent. 

[Abstracted in the Official Journal, August 30, 1905.] 

10,274 (1905). Elastic wheel [having a pneumatic tube between the hub 
and rim portion]. E. F. Piers, Horsham, Sussex. 

10,277 (1904). Pneumatic tire [with detachable rubber or leather tread 
to prevent slipping or puncture]. C. Dutordoir, Lecluse, France. 

■°. 315 (1904). Pneumatic or other elastic tire [having a tread concave 
in section to prevent slipping]. A. Pearse, London. 

10,432 (1904). Pneumatic tire ] with cover strengthened by embedded 
strands of wire or hemp]. J. McConechy, Glasgow. 

10,442 (1904). Elastic tire [composed of a backing of hard rubber vul- 
canized to a more elastic treadj. John Hancock Nunn, London. 

Patents Applied For— 1905. 

Space is given here only to Applications for Patents on Inventions from the 

United States. 

15,826. Philip Watson Pratt, London. Improvements in rubber treads. 

August 2. 
16,016 (1904). W. P. Thompson, London. Improvements relating to 

rubber goods. (The Traun Rubber Co. , New York.) August 4. 
16,654(1904). R. Mulholland, London. Improvement in rubber tire. 
August 16. 

THE FRENCH REPUBLIC. 

Patents Issued (Wiih Dates ok Application). 

351.687 (Feb. 22, 1905). Y. J. Masson. Anti-skidding device for tires. 

351.736 (Feb. 23). Dutrieux Lamelin. Tire protector for anti skidding. 

351,761 (Feb. 13). A E. Fisher. Device for inflating tires. 

35 1,910 (March i). J. B. L. Eeyssou Lacombe. Protector for horsts' 
feet. 

351,924 (March i). G. P. L. Colon. Elastic product to be used in con- 
nection with wheel felloes. 

351,932 (March 2). Otto and Riccardson. Elastictire with tread stud- 
ded with nails vulcanized in position. 

351,648 (Jan. 9), E. Abadie Leotard. Hock-strap with adjustable fast- 
ening. 

352,020 (March 3). C. E. Lange. Tire inner tube. 

352,037 (March 4). Societe Consolidated Rubber Tire Co. Tire. 

352,067 (March 6). C. L. Marshall. Shoe for pneumatic tire. 

3t,2,093 (Feb. 6). A. Parouty. Pneumatic tire. 

352,130 (March 6). A. Menegault. Anti skidding device for pneu- 
matic tires. 

352,199 (March 8). E. Sotron. Elastic tired wheel. 

352,384 (Feb. 14), H. E. Sykes. Improvement in the weaving of elas 
tic stuffs. 

352,216 (March 9). G. Bedos. Leather anti skidding tread for pneu- 
matic tires. 

[NOTB. — Printed copies o( specifications of French patents may be obtained 
f rom R. Robet, Ingenieur-Counseil, 16 avenue de Villicrs, Paris, at 50 cents each, 
post paid.] 



October i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER AA/^ORLD 



19 



VACUUM AND COMPRESSED AIR CLEANING IN NEW YORK. 

By Frank L. Blancharil. 



AS 1 left the house one evening 1 heard the "chug,' 
" chug, " " chug " of an engine. At first I thought that 
firemen were at work putting out a blaze somewhere in 
the vicinity, but as I had heard no clanging of bells or 
tooting of whistles, and as the streets contained no crowds. I 
concluded I must be mistaken. 

Nevertheless 1 asked a policeman on the corner about it, and 
he informed me that the sounds came from a machine in front 
of the Academy of Music, in Irving place. So I walked around 
the block and found a ram like vehicle of the automobile type 
from which proceeded the sounds I had heard. Running from 
the car into the theater were two lines of rubber hose. The 
man in charge told .lie that the apparatus was engaged in clean- 
ing the walls and carpets ol the Academy by the vacuum pro- 
cess. 

Being somewhat curious to see' how the work was done, I 
went inside, where I found two men engaged in pushing over 
the carpel T shaped implements attached to lines of rubber hose. 
I noticed that after these had been moved back and forth over 
the floor a few times the colors in the 
carpet became much brighter. 

But what had become of the dust with 
which the carpet had been saturated a few 
moments before? It certainly had not 
been blown up into the air, for my nostrils 
would have detected its presence immedi- 
ately even though my eyes did not. When 
I asked one of the workmen about it he 
held up the instrument he was using and 
showed me a narrow slit extending across 
its entire width. I touched it and found 
that my fingers were pulled against the 
orifice with considerable force. Noting 
my surprise the man said : 

" The dust is drawn out of the carpet by 
the vacuum or suction process and is car- 
ried through the rubber hose to recept- 
acles in the car outside. While the press- 
ure IS only a lew pounds it is sufficiently 
great to draw the dust not only from the 
carpet, but also from the surface and crevices of the floor under- 
neath. After we have finished with the carpets, we will attach 
a flat brush to the hose and go over the side walls and the mold- 
ings. For the bas reliefs and statuary we use a round brush. 

The ease with which the cleaning was done was in marked 
contrast to the old methods of performing such work. For- 
merly the floor coverings had to be taken up, separated into 
convenient widths for handling, and carted off to a steam clean- 
ing establishment. After being run through the renovators 
the strips were taken back to the theater, sewn together, and 
again tacked down — all of which consumed much time and cost 
considerable money. 

There are at present several vacuum or compressed air com- 
panies in the field engaged in the renovating business, whose 
work has attracted attention. Among them are the Vacuum 
Cleaner Co., the Sanitary Compressed Air Vacuum Co., the 
General Compressed Air House Cleaning Co., and the Amer- 
ican Compressed Air Cleaning Co. 

Of these the Vacuum Cleaner Co., which is probably the 




MODERN CARPET CLEANING. 
I5\ the Vacuum Cleaner Co.'s process.] 



largest, owns the David T. Kenney patents. William Locke, 
the engineer of the company, before explaining to me the pro- 
cess employed, showed me what it will do. He sprinkled a 
quantity of flour over the carpet of his office and rubbed it into 
nap with his feet. He then pushed the renovator across the 
floor once or twice and in a moment not a vestige of the flour 
could be seen. 

"You would be surprised," he said, " to see the amount of 
dust that can be extracted from a rug or carpet by this process. 
A somewhat skeptical architect was present one day when we 
cleaned a large rug he had sent us. After we had extracted 18 
pounds of dust he was so astonished at the effectiveness of the 
porcess that he gave us a contract for the installation of a largs 
plant in a new public building he was erecting. 

" Our apparatus consists of an engine or motor, a vacuum 
machine, and two separators for receiving and separating the 
dust. We have installed permanent plants in the department 
stores of R. H. Macy & Co. and John Wanamaker ; in the Me- 
tropolitan Opera House, Keith's, Proctor's and the Knicker- 
bocker theaters; in the Hotels St. Regis 
and Breslin ; in the National Park Bank 
and the American Exchange National 
Bank buildings, and in the private resi- 
dences of Miss Helen Gould, Charles M. 
Schwab, Senator W. A. Clark, and others. 
"You can readily understand what a 
job it must be in these large buildings to 
clean the floors and carpets of dust each 
day. To do the work a small army of men 
and women is employed. Sweeping a 
carpet with a broom removes only a part 
of the dust, the remainder being left in 
the body, or in the air from which it set- 
tles on the walls, the furniture, and other 
objects in the room until it is dislodged 
by the dust rag and sent flying in the air 
again. 

"With a vacuum cleaning plant the 
work can be performed in half the time by 
only a few employes. The dust is abso- 
lutely removed from every object in the apartment and the air is 
left entirely free of the substance. The vacuum rubber hose used 
is non collapsible, being supported by steel wire construction, 
and yet is perfectly flexible in handling. In a permanent plant 
outlets from the stationary piping are located at convenient 
places on each floor to which the rubber hose, which has a 
diameter of i ,'2 inches, may readily be attached when desired. 
The separator tanks that receive the dust through the hose 
consist of two upright cylinders. The first separates from the 
air current the dust in dry deposit; while the second completes 
the process of separation by passing the air current through a 
column of water in which the remaining matter is held in liq- 
uid suspension." 

The Sanitary Compressed Air Vacuum Co., which has an of- 
fice in the " Flatiron " building, employs a system that com- 
bines the vacuum and compressed air processes under what are 
known as the Lotz patents. John D. Elwell. the general manager 
of the company, in outlining the diflerences between the vac- 
uum and the compressed air-vacuum methods of cleaning, said : 



20 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



"Our process requires the use of more power because the 
slot in our carpet sweeper is much wider and the rubber hose 
of a larger diameter. While from 8 to 20 horse- power is used, 
according to the size of the plant, in the vacuum system, in 
ours, which we call the inrush, from S to 40 is required. A 
vacuum is like a rope, good to pull with, but no good to push 
with. We do the pushing part with compressed air. That is, 
we use it to dislodge the dust from the carpet and the floor 
underneath, and employ the vacuum to remove it. Two lines of 
hose are connected with the sweeper. One contains the com- 
pressed air, and the other being attached to the vacuum ma- 
chine serves as a conduit for removing the dust. 

" The effectiveness of the system is easily demonstrated. 
One of our twelve inch sweepers in l}^ hours removed 42 pints 
or 21 quarts of dust from 560 yards of carpet. It would require 
14 men working with brooms to get this amount of dust out of 
the carpet and when they were through nearly hall o( it would 
be floating in the air. A 12 inch vacuum sweeper has a clean- 
ing capacity of 400 yards of carpet an hour, or, in actual prac- 
tice, from 10 to 15 large rooms. 

" It is e.xtremely ditllcult to remove the dust from the carved 
ornaments of the decorations in some of New York's palaces. 
It is a very expensive process, too. Whenever the ceiling and 
walls of the parlor of the Vanderbilt house at Fifty-eighth 
street and Fifth avenue were systematically dusted, it was for- 
merly necessary to build a scafTold and have the dust carefully 
removed by soft brushes, at an average cost of S300. When 
we were called on to do the work we completed the task at a 
total cost of $25. 

" Our process of cleaning is in use in the Chamber of Com- 
merce, W. & J. Sloane's store, the Vanderbilt, Huntington, and 
Sterns houses and several theaters, includmg the Academy of 
Music." 

When the Hotel Astor was erected two years ago, the Gen- 
eral Compressed Air House Cleaning Co., of St. Louis, installed 
one of its plants in the building. This company owns the 
Thurman patents, which are regarded by some engineers as 
among the best for pneumatic cleaning yet taken out. Under 
the system employed by the company compressed air is used 
to lift the dust out of the carpet instead 
of a vacuum. The piping of permanent 
plants is from ^2 to i inch in diameter. and 
the flexible rubber hose of a correspond- 
ing size. The sweeper is T shaped and 
much resembles that employed in the va- 
cuum process. The dust instead of being 
carried off through a pipe to the basement 
is collected in receptacles on each floor 
where the cleaning is being done. The 
engineer and housekeeper of the Hotel 
Astor express themselves as being much 
pleased with the system. 

At the Hotel Victoria still another s\s- 
tem is in use — that of the American Com- 
pressed Air Cleaning Co., of Milwaukee. 
Compressed air is delivered to the several 
flDors of the hotel in steel pipes, wheie 
connection is made with a rubber hose as 
in all the other methods of pneumatic 
cleaning. The sweeper is a nickel plated 
box about 14 inches long, 10 inches wide, 
and 5 inches deep. In the bottom is a very 
narrow slit through which the compressed 
air is driven into the carpet. The dust 
being forced out rises into a hood spread 



over the top of the box and then falls into the box itself from 
whence it is removed and placed in bags. As condensed air 
naturally contains more moisture than ordinary air, and as it 
would in that condition make the carpet damp and prevent the 
dust from being forced out of it, it is first passed through sev- 
eral large tanks and nearly all of the moisture removed, before 
being used. In order that it may be made still dryer the air is 
sometimes passed through a portable drying tank on the floor 
where the work is being performed. A pressure of 85 pounds 
is used. The engineer of the Victoria, Mr. G. McDoal, in- 
formed me that although the hall carpets had been swept 
every day for several months before the new cleaning appara- 
tus was installed, nevertheless the first night the new system 
was used, three ash cans filled with dust was removed from 
them. 

A list of the buildings equipped with permanent apparatus 
for cleaning by the various systems here described would fill 
several columns of this paper, besides which it is to be consid- 
ered that a larger number of buildings are regularly served by 
the cleaning companies by means of portable apparatus. The 
White House at Washington is equipped with a permanent 
service, as are the residences of many wealthy citizens in 
New York and other principal cities, together with some of 
the largest hotels, banks, office buildings, public buildings, 
churches, theaters, railroad terminals, and even steamships. 
Nor is the use of these methods for cleaning confined to the 
United States. The difTerent systems are coming into wide 
use in Europe. For instance, in Buckingham Palace, the home 
of King Edward, lias been established a complete vacuum ser- 
vice which is in daily use. 

• * * 

At the second annual meeting of the British Vacuum Cleaner 
Co., Limited, in London, in August, satisfactory reports were 
presented in regard to progress made by the company in in- 
troducing their system of cleaning, which is the same as used 
by the Vacuum Cleaner Co. in the United States. A dividend 
of 6 per cent, for the year was declared. The company hold 
shares in a number of subsidiary companies, and at the meeting 
referred to dividends were reported to have been declared dur- 




Lfc hLANT OF THE VACUUM CLEANER CO. 



OcTor.EK I, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



21 



ing the year by some of the subsidiary companies as follows : 

Scottish Vacuum Cleaner Co '7/^? 

Lancashire and Central Counties Vacuum Cleaner Co io;« 

Midland Vacuum Cleaner Co i% 

Southern Counties Vacuum Cleaner Co (intf>im\ 5? 

[A furllier --■! percent, dividetid expected.] 

North Kastern Vacuum Cleaner Co No report. 

German company lo;? 

Austrian company No distribution. 

Huenos Aires company 6? 

An interesting new application of the principle of cleaning by 
vacuum was brought up at the meeting of the British Vacuum 
Cleaner Co., in the shape of an apparatus patented by the com- 
pany's manager (Mr. H. C. Booth, A. .\l. I. C. E.), designed to 
lessen the danger of e.xplosion in coal mines by reducing the 
volume of explosive dust in them. A royal commission had 
reported that the occurrence of such dust had been the cause 
of very many explosions. The North Eastern Vacuum Cleaner 
Co. were about to put down a plant under Mr. Booth's patent 
in a mine, the owner of which had stated that if it proved suc- 
cessful he would at once install the device in all his plants ; be- 
sides, if it proved successful, all the other companies would at 
once take up the invention. Another application mentioned 
was a device for cleaning fiues and steam boilers, and plans 
were under way for its use in connection with blast furnaces 
and other like work. 



OBITUARY. 



JOSEPH WEST GREEN. 

THE late loseph W. Green, of whom a brief obituary note 
appeared in the last India RuiiiiER World, was born 
August 23, 1848, at Marblehead, Massachusetts, being the son 
of Joseph West and Abbie Girdler Green. He received but 
little schooling, being obliged to begin work at 1 2 years, and as 
a boy taking responsibilities that seldom come to one so young. 
At the age of 18 he entered the employment of Nichols & 
Farnsworth, dealers in shoe findings, in Boston, and remained 
with the house for 12 years, during which time he came to 
make a specialty of selling elastic shoe gorings. 

In this connec- 
tion he attracted 
the attention of 
the late Edmund 
H. Sawyer, of 
Easthampton, 
Mass., and when 
the management 
of the Gl en dal e 
Elastic Fabrics 
Co. of that town 
devolved upon the 
latter, he sent for 
Mr. Green. He 
went to East- 
hampton in 1878, 
at the age of 30 
years, becoming 
treasurer and gen- 
eral manager of 
the company, after 
which he was al- 
ways in the immediate direction of its affairs. Under his man- 
agement the company prospered and its business grew in volume 
and importance. Not only were important additions made to 
the local plant from time to time, but a year or two ago a large 
mill in the same industry at Providence, Rhode Island, was 




bought by the Glendale company and since successfully oper- 
ated by it. 

While always devoted to the success of this industry and in- 
terested in the welfare of its employes, Mr. Green found time 
to take an active part in the life of Easthampton apart from his 
direct business interests. He was influential in town affairs, 
and at the time of his death was chairman of the board of water 
commissioneis. He was a director of the First National Bank 
of Easthampton, trustee of the Easthampton Savings Bank, and 
director of the Nashawannock Manufacturing Co. He was a 
member of Ionic Lodge of Freemasons, a member of Pascom- 
nuck Club, the leading social club in the town, and secretary 
of the Nonotuck Club, an association of manufacturers formed 
to provide recreation primarily for those of the townspeople 
who were employed in the mills. He was likewise a trustee of 
the public library. 

Mr. Green had a great talent for music, which he cultivated 
from his youth. In Boston he had been a member of the fa- 
mous Apollo and Orpheus musical clubs and was leader of the 
Sunday school choir in Trinity church and an intimate friend 
of the late Bishop Phillips Brooks, who had a marked influ- 
ence in forming the character of the younger man. At East- 
hampton at various times Mr. Green led the choir and played 
the organ in three different churches, and he led the Choral 
Union for several seasons. 

Mr. Green was married in Boston. September 30, 1889, to 
Mrs. James H. C. Richmond, of Shulisburg, Wisconsin. Mrs. 
Green survives him, and he leaves four stepsons and a step- 
daughter, including James H. C. Richmond, of New York, and 
Clifford Richmond, of Easthampton, who have long been con- 
nected with the Glendale company, and Mrs. William L. Pitch- 
er, whose husband is connected with the Easthampton Rubber 
Thread Co. 

Mr. Green had been physically weak for some time, and in the 
torrid heat of July last made business trips that were too great 
a strain. The resultwas a series of severe hemorrhages, and the 
end came shortly after midnight on August 28. The funeral 
occurred on August 30. After private services at the late resi- 
dence, the remains were escorted to Payson church by Ionic 
Lodge and the whole body of the Glendale company's employes, 
after which the pastors of the various churches in town joined 
in a public service. Many of Mr. Green's out of town business 
associates were present, and all the places of business with 
which he been connected were closed. 

The emplo)es of the Glendale mill have taken steps to have 
placed upon the wall a bronze tablet in memory ol Mr. Green, 
not only as treasurer and manager of the mill, but their " fel- 
low workman." 

» » » 

John Spencer Turner, director and vice president of the 
United States Cotton Duck Corporation and head of the J. 
Spencer Turner Co., of New York, died of apoplexy on Septem- 
ber 19 at Caldwell, New Jersey, in hisseventy-fifth year. He was 
one of the best known men in the cotton duck trade and was 
instrumental in organizing the so called " cotton duck trust." 
His home was in Brooklyn. 



Japan.— The Fujikura Insulated Wire and Rubber Co. (To- 
kio, Japan) advise The India Rubber World that their busi- 
ness during the first half of this year was very good, their sales 
of weatherproof wire amounting in value to 90,000 yen [ = S43'- 
920], and sales of rubber insulated wire to 160,000 yen [ = $79,- 
680]. They hoped to do a still larger business during the 
latter half of the year. 



22 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^?VORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



NEW GOODS AND SPECIALTIES IN RUBBER. 




GOODRICH SURGEONS SYRINGK OUTFIT. 

IN the line of syringes the most distinctive novelty placed 
on the market for some time past is comprised in the 
Surgeons' Syringe Outfit, of which an illustration is pre- 
sented herewith. This is made of pure gum, with rein- 
forced strip up the center. The stock and construction admit 

of its being folded 
up into a very 
small space, ren- 
dering it not only 
serviceable but 
convenient to 
carry. The outfit 
includes, in addi- 
tion to the bag, 6 
feet of pure gum 
tubing, with con- 
nections and shut- 
ofT. The bag is 
made in two quart, 
three quart, and 
J four quart sizes, 
and is altogether a strictly high grade article. [The B. F. 
Goodrich Co., Akron, Ohio.] 

DR. TULLAR'S vaginal SPRAY. 

The article illustrated herewith being 
made entirely of hard and soft rubber, of 
high quality and finish, and no metal being 
used in its construction, there is nothing 
about it to corrode. The hollow cup shaped 
spray differs from any other, and possesses 
distinctive advantages, as does the oval 
shaped adjustable rubber shield or vaginal 
closing plug. The discharge pipe is of mod- 
erate size, witJi no hurtful sharp edged out- 
lets. The bulb, being pear shaped, with a 
soft neck, holds the pipe less rigidly than in 
the case of many other syringes, and the 
capacity of the Tullar syringe — 9 ounces — 
is such that one filling is enough for a safe, 
perfect, and efficient douche. These various 
advantages will serve to explain the great 
popularity which the Tullar syringe has at- 
tained. [Seamless Rubber Co., New Haven, 
Connecticut.] 

A NEW KELLY-SPRINGFIELD TIRE FEATURE. 
A NEW feature in the way of retaining rings for solid rubber 

vehicle tires is shown in the accompanying illustration. One 

great trouble with tires of 
this type for heavy work, 
as on commercial wagons, 
has always been with the 
fastenings. In the present 
case steel V shaped tetain- 
ing rings, wrapped spirally 
with canvas to which the 
rubber vulcanizes, thus 
giving a hold complete 

around the ring, are inserted in the base of the rubber, and. 





bearing directly on the band of the wheel, eliminate eternal 
friction. To make the fastening means still more secure, the 
rubber section is made somewhat wider than the steel base or 
rim, and compressed by the side flanges which are drawn up by 
bolts. Owing to the V shape of the retaining rings the tire is 
then practically dovetailed to the wheel, and thus held very se- 
curely. The tire is made in width up to 7 inches. [Consoli- 
dated Rubber Tire Co., No. 1784 Broadway, New York.] 

TROUSER ROBE FOR MOTORISTS. 

In these pages last month ap- 
peared a description of a new 
trouser robe for motorists, made 
to buckle around the waist and 
ankles and designed to keep off 
the wind, in addition to its other 
advantages. An illustration of 
this robe was given, but a better 
idea of the merit of the article 
may be gained from another il- 
lustration, which is presented 
herewith, showing how the gar- 
ment appears when in use. This 
is made of various materials, at 
different prices, ranging from 
plain rubber face, with shepherd 
plaid back, to fine green cloth, 
face woven whipcord back, rub- 
ber interlined. [L. C. Chase & 
Co., Boston and New York.] 

AN ADJUSTABLE FOUNTAIN 
SYRINGE SHUT-OFF. 

A SUITABLE "shut-off" is es- 
sential to the satisfactory use of 

a fountain syringe — one that not only will do the work re- 
quired of it in regulating the flow of water through the tube, 
but is easily worked. Such a device is that recently patented 
by Elbert O. Jeralds, of which two illustrations are shown here- 
with, showing the Shut-off open and closed. It is exceedingly 
simple in construction, the shut-off proper being stamped from 
a single piece of high nickel plate, while the lever, by means of 
which the pressure is controlled, is made from another. In 
other words, the whole device consists of but two pieces, and 





CLOSED. 

may readily be worked with one hand. Thisshut-off, although 
introduced only recently, is understood to have been adopted 



OCIOBER I, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



23 



already by leading manufacturers of druggists' sundries, and by 
a number of assemblers of such goods, besides having received 
the approval of many physicians, nurses, and others competent 
to express an opinion. These goods are made in two styles- 
No. I, rapid flow; and No. 2, regular flow. [The Jeralds & 
Townsend Manufacturing Co., Stamford, Connecticut.] 
THE "handy" tobacco POUCH. 

A NOVELTY in the line of tobacco pouches is shown here- 
with. Instead of being 
circular in shape, as has 
been the case with to- 
bacco pouches hitherto, 
it is rectangular, the 
reason being that it is 
intended especially as a 
plug tobacco container. 
It is made of a fine qual- 
ity of red rubber stock 
— in one size — 3!4'><.2}i 
XH inch. [The B. F. 
Goodrich Co., Akron, Ohio.] 

GOODRICH THREE FINGER GLOVE. 
This is an article made for surgeons' use, tocoverthe thumb 
and index and middle fingers, and has been very much ap- 





preciated for use in certain operations. It is made of pure 
gum. in sizes No. 6 to No. 10 inclusive, seamless, and smooth 
finish, listed at $12 per dozen pairs. [The B. F. Goodrich Co., 
Akron, Ohio.] 

FOSTER CRIMPED FIBER SOLE. 
Two illustrations presented herewith relate to the Foster 
plaited or crimped fiber sole, which has recently been patented. 

The first of the cuts 
illustrates the con- 
struction of the plug 
material and the sec- 
ond its insertion into 
the sole of the golf, 
tennis, yachting, or 
other shoe. From 
the first of the cuts 
it will be seen how 
each and every wear- 
ing thread is bent in 
such a manner as to 
give the wear on each 
end of the thread. 




^;:^<^ ;, 

M : : ;; :::: 

;1<: :;:<: ; : 

iiii"" ,1,11"' 



^??'i'' 




greater strength, greater flexibility, and greater elasticity are 
given to the soles, with less liability to slip on dry grass or wet 
sidewalks; besides, they wear longer and give a velvet tread 
while in use. [Foster Rubber Co., Boston.! 



THE RETURN OF MR. FLINT. 



MR. CHARLES R. FLINT arrived at home in New York 
no September 5, after an absence of several months in 
Europe, during which lime he was mentioned in several cabled 
reports as being in Russia. He was received in audience by the 
Czar on August 25, and returns impressed with the prospects of 
an improved industrial future for Russia. " I feel confident." 
Mr. Flint said, '• now that peace is assured, that Russia is about 
to enter upon a period of great industrial activity, and I am 
satisfied that her policy is to encourage Americans to take 
part in the development of her enormous natural resources, 
comparable with those of the United States. Russia will un- 
doubtedly reduce the duties on American products, which will 
probably be the first step in that direction." This statement 
was made by Mr. Fhnt in an interview with him printed in the 
New York newspapers of September 6, several days after which 
M. Witte, one of the Russian peace plenipotentiaries, called 
upon President Roosevelt and formally notified him that the 
Czar had ordered a removal of the special duties on imports 
from the United States imposed in Russia. Before the de- 
parture of M. Witte for his home the Russian plenipotentiaries 




Charles R. Klint. 



Gen. Horace Porter. 



"Have you got an indemnity about you? "asked Gen. 
Porter. 

[cartoon by C. DE F0HN;R0 tH NEW YORK ' WORLD."! 

were entertained at dinner at the Metropolitan Club in New 
York by Colonel George Harvey, editor of Harptr's Weekly. 
Mr. Flint was one of the 80 guests, and figured in a series of 
cartoons suggested by the dinner to Charles de Fornaro, one 
of the artists of the New York World, and which appeared in 
the issue of that paper for September 10. The accompanying 
cut indicates how Mr. Flint appeared to the cartoonist. 



The advantages of molding this special fiber so constructed and 
saturated with rubber into the soles of boots and shoes are that 



Balata. — The government of V'enezuela having taken meas- 
ures to prevent the reckless destruction of the Balata trees in 
that country. Le Caoutchouc et la Gutta-Percha (Paris) doubts 
whether any such prohibition will measurably prevent the 
practices complained of; at least the spoliation of the forests, 
it thinks, will at most only be retarded. 



24 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



RUBBER INTERESTS IN EUROPE. 



STRIKE OF RUBBER WORKERS AT LEIPZIG. 

THE strike of rubber workers at Leipzig, after some weeks, 
was still in progress at last accounts. Beginning with 
the hard rubber workers, it had extended until a number of 
workers in soft rubber were included. While the strikers at 
their meetings claimed to be holding their own, the employers, 
on the other hand, claimed to be able to maintain their deter- 
mination not to grant the advance in wages asked for, on the 
ground that in view of the high prices of raw materials the pay- 
ment of higher wages was absolutely impossible. The manu- 
facturers had refused to enter into any discussion of the other 
demands of the labor union, on the ground that their accept- 
ance would mean loss of control of the factories by their owners. 
One report states that the manufacturers have stocks of goods 
of such dimensions as to render it unnecessary to produce any 
more for a considerable time to come, and that even if orders 
should go unfilled the manufacturers would shed few tears, on 
account of the small profits realizable on rubber goods at this 
time. 

DUNLOP PNEUMATIC TYRE CO., LIMITED. 
The directors of this company, in calling an extraordinary 
meeting of the shareholders in London for September 14, 
stated that they wished to lay before them the position of the 
company in its manufacturing aspect. The last annual report, 
issued in November last, stated that the number of tires manu- 
factured in the company's works during the year had reached 
the total of 1,556.220, which "represents an enormous increase 
as compared with any previous year and far surpasses the out- 
put of any firm in the world." The position of the company 
now, it is asserted, is that this large output has not only been 
maintained but greatly exceeded during the curient season, and 
that the company has been obliged to allow a large number of 
orders in the motor tire department to pass unexecuted. The 
directors now desire to erect another completely equipped 
factory as speedily as possible, and the meeting was called for 
the consideration of this point and its bearing upon the pro- 
posed reorganization of the company. The royalties which the 
company previously received lapsed with the patents, in 1904, 
and the price of tires for the current season was substantially 
reduced. Yet the chairman stated at the meeting that their 
dividend promised to be larger this year than last year. The 
plan outlined for securing the additional factory — to cost £s°-' 
000 — is to suspend for one year the diversion of the customary 
amount to the sinking fund maintained to retire the company's 
debentures at their maturity. It was reported that a large num- 
ber of assents had been secured to the plan of reorganization, 
but definite action was postponed until the sentiment of the 
various classes of shareholders could be more clearly ascer- 
tained. Chairman DuCros said that in addition to their larger 
tire production than ever before, their factories had made this 
year 400,000 rims and more than 2,000.000 valves. The com- 
pany had large hopes in respect of the demand for motor bus 
tires. 

GREAT BRITAIN. 
In the bankruptcy court at St. Albans, England, on August 
22, A. Vaughan Stevens, of Harpenden, appeared for his public 
examination, a report of which at length appears in T/ie Herts 
Advertiser. His statement disclosed liabilities of ^{[3417 9s. and 
no assets. Nine years ago he became director of Bourne 
Brothers & Co., Limited, owning six tenths of their capital of 
^Tio.ooo. Subsequently he conducted business as Bourne 
Brothers & Co., trustee for the limited company, and lately he 



had been rendering services, without specified compensation, 
for A. C. Baber, sole owner of the capital of the reorganized 
Bourne Brothers & Co., Limited, and trading as A. C. Baber 
& Co., rubber manufacturers, at Mansion House Chambers, E. 
C, London. Mr. Stevens attributed his insolvency to the fail- 
ure of Messrs. Bourne, Limited. For one thing, he had endorsed 
their bills to John Lang, a London rubber merchant, and Mr. 
Lang was one of the creditors who appeared in the proceedings 
against Stevens. The latter testified that the business of the 
Bourne company was chiefly making rings and screw stoppers 
for bottles, of rubber and another material, under a secret not 
patented and known only to Stevens. 

FRANCE. 
At St. Claude, in the department of the Jura, a new works 
is being erected for the exclusive manufacture of hard rubber, 
by a joint stock company, organized in January of the present 
year, with a capital of 600,000 francs [ = $i 15,800]. Hermann 
Wezel,of Grosswenden, Saxony, was elected managing director, 
and the buildings as well as the technical installation are being 
constructed in conformity with his specifications. The firm 
expect to commence operations by January next. 

GERMANY. 
The board of Vereinigte Gummiwaren-Fabrikcn Harburg- 
Wien have decided to make a motion, at the general meeting 
which IS to be called for October 28, for declaring a dividend of 
12 'j per cent., the same amount as last year. This comparatively 
satisfactory result, says Giimini-Zeituni;, has been obtained both 
by the increase in sales and by the participation of the company 
in the Internationale Galalith-Gesellschaft HofT & Co., which 
is showing a most satisfactory development. A full report on 
the company's interest in Galalith appeared in The India 
Rubber World February 1, 1905 — page 155. 

RUBBER BOTTLE STOPPERS IN GERMANY. 
[from " gum.mi zeitung," skptember 8.] 

A NEW movement against rubber stoppers for bottles has 
been inaugurated by the manufacturers of cork stoppers, who, 
after having prepared their campaign, are now evidently ad- 
vancing to the fight. They are, in fact, distributing circulars, 
in which they refer to the " discovery " of Dr. Pond concerning 
the " infallibly mortal effects of the use of rubber bottle stop- 
pers," and they make the following statement : 

"The time has apparently come when the authorities involved 
in the matter, such as the police departments and especially the 
Imperial department of health of the German empire, must 
enter upon a thorough consideration of the question, whether 
the use of such patented bottle stoppers as are deleterious to 
health shall in future continue to be allowed. Government 
tests appear to be a preeminent requirement." Manufacturers 
of rubber stoppers will undoubtedly have no objection to truly 
scientific tests, as they would only serve to prove the absolute 
fallacy of Dr. Pond's contentions. 

If the cork stopper manufacturers believe, however, that the 
" prohibition " of the use of red rubber discs for bottle stoppers 
would tend to remove all patented rubber stoppers in general 
from the market, they commit a very serious error. The re- 
sult would simply be that common sulphur would be used for 
vulcanizing, instead of golden sulphuret of antimony, and that 
grey or black rubber discs would be supplied for bottle stoppers. 
The red color of these discs is, in fact, merely a matter of style 
or taste, and their abolition would leave the cork stopper man- 
ufacturers no ground to stand on in their stubborn agitation 
against rubber stoppers. It would, in fact, be impossible to 
abolish the use of rubber stoppers, as they occupy by this time 
too prominent a place among our daily necessities. 



October i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



25 



NEWS OF THE AMERICAN RUBBER TRADE. 



THE "GOODYEAR GLOVE " FACTORY ENLARGED. 

THE Goodyear's India Rubber Glove Manufacturing Co. 
(Naugatuck, Connecticut) are building an addition to 
their druggists' sundries department, which Superin- 
tendent F. F. Schaffer states will enable the company 
to double their present output in this line. Early in August 
the company began using a new addition to their shoe mill, 
that will permit the production of 10,000 pairs more per day. 

THE FIRESTONE TIRE AND RUBBER CO- — ADDITIONS. 

Important additions are being made to the plant of the 
Firestone Tire and Rubber Co. ( Akron, Ohio ), to accommo- 
date two projected new features in their business. The company 
are about to take on the manufacture of pneumatic motor tires, 
having acquired a patent granted to Theron R. Palmer, whose 
tire has been considerably improved since the granting of the 
patent. The company also plan entering upon the manufacture 
of mechanical rubber goods. The floor space of the factory 
will be doubled in size by the new addition, and the present 
capacity practically doubled. One building, to be one story 
high and 40X100 feet, will be used as a warehouse. Another, 
to be four stories goX'oo feet, will be used for various manu- 
facturing processes. 

THE B. F. GOODRICH CO. — SHOE DEPARTMENT. 

The manufacture of rubber boots and shoes was begun regu- 
larly by The B. F.Goodrich Co. (Akron) on September 18. 
The work was on a small scale, and devoted to the production 
of samples, but it was intended to begin on a much larger scale 
about October i. The machinery was practically all installed 
and a number of trained workmen were in place as instructors 
in the various processes of making rubber footwear. Superin- 
tendent E. C. Shaw informed the representative of The India 
RURRER World that the capacity of the boot and shoe de- 
partment as now constituted would be 5000 or 6000 pairs a 
day. 

THE FISK RUBBER CO. 

The company above named have lately awarded a contract 
for a large addition to their rubber tire factory at Chicopee 
Falls, Massachusetts, to cost in the neighborhood of S30.000. 
It will be a three story brick building. 45 X 112 feet, with an 
"L" construction forming an additional building 40 feet square. 
One floor of the new building will be used for storage for rub- 
ber fabrics and the others for the manufacture of bicycle tires 
only, which will leave the main factory devoted solely to the 
manufacture of the Fisk mechanically fastened automobile tire. 
Kirkham & Parlett, of Springfield, are architects of the new 
building. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE'S FIRST RUBBER STORE, 

The invitations which were issued for the opening of the 
store of the Granite State Rubber Co. ( Manchester, New 
Hampshire ), on September g. were accepted by a large number 
of people, the store being crowded until late in the evening. 
Not only is it the first rubber goods store to be opened in the 
state, but the opening was advertised in an attractive way, the 
officers of the company having become experienced, through 
their management of the four " Crocker rubber stores "else- 
where, in gaining the attention of the public. A fine orchestra 
furnished a concert in the afternoon and another in the even- 
ing. Twenty-five rubber plants were offered as prizes to the 
ladies attending the opening who should guess nearest the 



amount of cash sales for that day. Besides, souvenirs were 
given to everybody who visited the store. Mr. Isaac Crocker, 
the treasurer of the new company, has been identified with the 
rubber trade in New England for 35 years. Mr. H. L. Cropsey, 
the president, has been connected for a long time with the 
Hope Rubber Co., the Providence, Rhode Island, house in the 
X^rocker chain of rubber stores. 

THE DIAMOND RUBBER CO. "s CONFERENCE. 

A CONFERKNCE of the otTicers and branch managers of The 
Diamond Rubber Co. (Akron, Ohio) on September 8 and 9. 
The object of the meeting was the same as that held every year 
— to plan the company's business campaign for the coming 
twelve months. Good reports were made from every quarter, 
giving the company reason to be satisfied with the outlook. 
One feature of interest is the increasing use of automobiles, and 
consequently of pneumatic tires, in the South, where machines 
can be used all year. It is understood that no marked change 
is to be made in the company's styles of pneumatic tires. Branch 
managers were present from New York, Boston, Philadelphia, 
Buffalo, Cleveland, Detroit. Minneapolis, Chicago, St. Louis, 
Atlanta, and San Francisco. 

THE SWEET TIRE AND RUBBER CO. 

At the annual meeting at Batavia, New York, on August 23, 
the following directors were elected : John H. Ward, Ashtcn 
W. Caney, and George E. Perrin, all of Batavia, and A. A. 
Smith and Lewis Benedict, of Attica, N. Y. The only change 
from last year is that Mr. Smith succeeds John M. Sweet. The 
directors reelected the officers, as follows : John H. Ward, pres- 
ident ; A. W. Caney, vice president; George E. Perrin, secre- 
tary and treasurer. 

bailey's "won't slip" TIRES. 

C. J. Bailey & Co. (Boston) have issued a license for the 
manufacture of their " Won't Slip" motor tire treads to Mor- 
gan & Wright, in addition to the six important rubber factories 
already making these treads under license. It is stated that 
the demand for these treads has become so great that the manu- 
facturers are unable to supply it. Messrs. Bailey & Co. have 
received a letter from F. R. Tibbitts, of Boston, stating that he 
has used a set of " Won't Slip " treads for over a year, in which 
time his 28 HP. motor, weighing 2500 pounds, has run over 9000 
miles. One tread having been slightly punctured, he is sending 
it for repairs, with the idea that it will be good for another 
1000 or 2000 miles running. 

RUBBER AT A CANADIAN EXHIBITION. 

The rubber industry of Ontario was very thoroughly repre- 
sented at the Canadian National Exhibition, at Toronto, which 
closed during the first week in September. The number of ex- 
hibitors was greater than at any time in the past, and the num- 
ber and variety of exhibits correspondingly greater. Displays 
were made by the (Jutta-Percha and Rubber Manufacturing Co. 
of Toronto, Limited, the Dunlop Tire Co., Limited, and the 
Ontario Rubber Co., of Toronto ; the Merchants' Rubber Co., 
Limited, of Berlin, and the Berlin Rubber Manufacturing Co., 
Limited. 

THE COLONIAL TIRE AND RUBBER CO. 
[See The Iniiia Ruiibkk WoRLn, March I, 1905— page 207.] 

This company was incorporated September 2, 1905. under 
the laws of Ohio, with headquarters at Akron, to succeed the 
Delaware corporation under the same name, of 1902. The in- 



26 



IHE INDIA RUBBER ^VORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



corporators are William A. Byrider, John Byrider, James A. 
Swinehart, P. D. Hall, and C. T. Grant— all of Akron. The 
capital is $6000, instead of $60,000, as under the old charter. 
This company is a holding company, owning the foreign 
patents on the Swinehart "side wire" tire, made in the United 
States under royalty by The B. F. Goodrich Co., The Diamond 
Rubber Co., and the Firestone Tire and F^ubber Co., and in 
Europe by a number of leading makers, from whom the Colo- 
nial company derive royalties. 

ALLING RUBBER STORES SYNDICATE. 
Under the name The Ailing Rubber Co., a rubber goods 
store is to be opened about October i at No. 261 Main street, 
Springfield, Massachusetts, in charge of Mr. F. C. Hubbell, who 
has been connected with the stores of The Ailing Rubber Co. 
at Bridgeport and Hartford. Connecticut, for two years past. 

This makes the 
tenth rubber 
goods store con- 
ducted by the 
Ailing interests, 
the first nine being 
located in C o n- 
necticut. The be- 
ginning of this in- 
teresting and 
unique chain of 
stores dates from 
September, 1890. 
when Noyes E. 
Ailing, who for 
several years had 
been a traveling 
salesman in the 
rubber clothing 
line, established a 
store at Norwich_ 
NOYES E. ALLiNQ. Connecticut, for 

the sale of rubber goods generally. In the next year his brother, 
W. S. Ailing, became a partner in this store, and in May, 1895, 
he purchased the entire interest in the store. Later that year 
Noyes E. Ailing acquired and consolidated two rubber goods 
stores at Bridgeport and the business has since been conducted 
under the name The Ailing Rubber Co., a corporation, which 
has since opened several branch stores. It may be of interest 
to give the whole list of the Ailing stores, with the ownership 
and date of establishment: 

Ailing Rubber Co. (W. S. Ailing, proprietor). — Norwich, Septem- 
ber I, 1S90 ; New London, April i, 1904. 

The Ailing Rubber Co. ( N. E. Ailing, president ; Arthur E. Ailing, 
secretary .ind treasurer). — Bridgeport, November i, 1895; New 
Haven, April i, 1S90 (acquired later by the Ailing company); 
Meriden, June i, 1903 ; Waterbury, June i, 1905. 

The Stamford Rubber Co. ( N. E. Ailing, president, C. E. Ailing, 
secretary and treasurer). — Stamford, April I, 1SS9, 

..4///H;' /"((W^;- Cc.( Copartnership between N. E. Ailing and Amos 
P. Mitchell). — Hartford, November i, 1902; New Britain, April i 
1904, Springfield ( Massachusetts), October i, njo;. 

N. E. Ailing, whose headquarters are at the Bridgeport store, 
is the buyer of the larger portion of the goods for all of the 
above named stores. Each of the houses has a local manager 
who has been trained in this chain of stores. In addition to 
his interest in rubber, Mr. N. E. Ailing, in February, 1899, be- 
came connected with a furniture and house furnishing goods 
company in Bridgeport, and since that date has served as sec- 
retary and treasurer of the same. 



NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS. 

United States Rubber Co. : 




DATES. 


Common. 


Prkpbrred. 


Sales. 

7.700 

4.050 

5.3to 

28,510 

25,070 


High. 

53H 

52}8 
51 
57 
58J^ 


Low. 

51?^ 
50 

49^ 
47J<: 


Sales. 


High. 

IIO^ 

1 10;^ 
109 


Low. 


Week ending Aug. 26 
Week ending Sept. 2 
Weekending Sepl. 9 
Week ending .Sept. 16 
Week ending Sept. 23 


400 
1,150 

700 
4.750 
2,800 


no 

.08^ 

.o81.g 

108 

112 



Rubber Goods Manufacturing Co. : 





Common. 


Prkfbrred. 




Sales. 


High. 


Low. 


Sales. 


High 


Low- 


Weekending Aug. 26 


300 


35 


34;^ 











Week ending Sept. 2 


400 


34 ?i 


34 


too 


105}^ 


105^2 


Week ending Sept, 9 


200 


^^H 


34 


— 


— 


— 


Week ending Sept. 16 


800 


34% 


34 


— 


— 


— 


Week ending Sept. 23 


3.400 


^^K 


34 J^ 


200 


104 


104 



UNITED STATES RUBBER CO. 
It is reported that the new issues of this company will be 
listed on the New York stock exchange shortly. There has 
been trading recently in the "outside market" in the second 
preferred shares " when issued," at 79 @ 80. According to 
gossip in the trade there is a considerable expectation that 
dividends on the common stock will be resumed at the regular 
monthly meeting of directors in October. There ate no known 
facts, however, to support this assumption. The last dividend 
paid on the common shares was on April 30, 1900. 

THE FAULTLESS RUBBER CO. (aKRON, OHIO.) 
The Faultless Rubber Co. are constructing some important 
additions to their factory, and the new buildings are of fire- 
proof construction, with a view to the ultimate conversion of 
the whole plant to buildings of this class. There is now under 
way a three story building, to be made of tile and concrete, 
and it is planned to follow this with two similar buildings, all 
of which it is hoped to complete within a few months. The 
company need additional room badly, and it is stated that the 
additions referred to will double the capacity of the factory. 

SUED BY THE STANDARD OIL CO. 
Suit was filed at Akron, Ohio, on August 1 1, by the Stand- 
ard Oil Co., against The Lilly Rubber Manufacturing Co. and 
the individual shareholders therein, for $259 61 for naphtha 
supplied to the defendants' factory. The case has not yet come 
to trial, but several of the defendants have filed answers, and 
among them Irvin R. Benner, a shareholder, who alleges that 
the plaintiff, the Standard Oil Co., is not a corporation, but a 
"trust," carrying on business in the state of Ohio in violation 
of the anti trust laws of Ohio and of the United States, and 
therefore not entitled to any standing in court. 

VENTILATION AND HEATING COMBINED. 
Experience has clearly demonstrated that in this climate 
no system of ventilation can be successfully operated by it- 
self and independently of the method of heating that may be 
adopted. It is, in fact, a vital element of success that the 
two systems be most intimately combined, for they are clearly 
interdependent, and when properly applied are so interwoven 
in their operation and results that disunion is certain to bring 
ab)ut failure. For the purpose of ventilation, the fan was first 
applied upon a practical scale about the middle of this cen- 
tury, but only to a limited extent, and it was not until the 
fan and the steam heater in marketable form were intro- 
duced by B. F. Sturtevant that the so-called " Blower sys- 



October i, i9«5. | 



THK INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



27 



tern " became a reality. The system of which these two ele- 
ments are the most important factors, as originally installed 
by this house, has naturally been known as " The .Sturtevant 
System." This system is at once practical, successful, and eco- 
nomical ; for, air being the natural conveyor of heat, it may, 
when properly warmed and supplied, perform the double oHice 
of heating and ventilating. As applied, the Sturtevant sys- 
tem forces the air into the apartment by the pressure or ple- 
num method. When a fan is arranged to exhaust or withdraw 
the air from an enclosed space, the term vacuum, or exhaust 
method, is almost universally applied. 

FIRE HOSE IN PHILADELPHIA THEATERS. 

The India Rubber World's Philadelphia correspondent 
writes; " As a result of Fire Marshal Lattimer's annual inspec- 
tion of theaters in this city, it is probable that some large con- 
tracts for supplies of rubber hose will soon be placed. He has 
recommended to Director of Public Safety Potter that the lat- 
ter notify owners of theaters and public playhouses to use fire 
hose made of rubber hereafter, instead of linen. The use of 
linen hose is considered unsatisfactory because, according to 
Mr. Lattimer, it is likely to flatten so as to impede the How 
of water. ' All hose used in theaters hereafter must be rubber 
lined,' is the order sent to owners of the difTerent playhouses." 

NEW INCORPORATIONS. 
The Akron Rubber Shoe Co., September 21, 1905, under Ohio 
laws ; capital, S5000. This company has been formed by The 
B. F. Goodrich Co. (Akron, Ohio), in connection with their or- 
ganization of a new department for the manufacture of rubber 
footwear. 

=Standard Rubber Co., September!, 1905, under New Jersey 
laws; capital $50,000. Incorporators: John M.Wright, James 
D. Brady, and Stephen C. Cook, all of Trenton, N. J. The 
purpose is the manufacture of mechanical rubber goods ; offices 
have been opened in the First National Bank building at 
Trenton. 

=:The Lancaster Rubber Co. ( Lancaster. Ohio), August 28, 
1905, under Ohio laws; capital authorized, $50,000. Incorpo- 
rators: Frederick Keifer, Charles |. Franklin, H. C. Benner, 
Mabel A. Franklin, Edith Keifer. 

=Lowe Rubber Process Co. (San Francisco), August 12, 
1905, under California laws ; capital $300,000, in $1 shares. 
Incorporators: E. L. Lowe, A. Lollewood, J. H. Marble, and 
Franklin K. Lowe, all of San Francisco, and R. E. Russell, Al- 
ameda, Cal. 

TRADE NEWS NOTES. 
The Warren Rubber Co. (Warren, Ohio), wholesalers of 
rubber boots and shoes, have increased their capital stock 
from $30,000 to $50,000, to enable them to take care of their 
steadily increasing business. The company was incorporated 
early in 1897, with $20,000 capital. The new stock, taken prin- 
cipally by the old shareholders, is entitled to 7 per cent, divi- 
dends semi-annually. 

= Boston Woven Hose and Rubber Co. advise us that since 
September i their Philadelphia address has been 71 Drexel 
building, which is the headquarters of Mr. Frederick E. Stock- 
well, their local branch manager. 

= William Raisch has resigned as secretary and treasurer of 
the Alden Rubber Co. ( Barberton, Ohio), to accept a position 
with the Dayton Rubber Manufacturing Co., and his assistant, 
E. B. Joy, has been promoted to the position lately filled by 
Mr. Raisch. 

= The New York Fire department repair shops are to be 
eqiiipped by the R. F. Sturtevant Co. (Boston) with a complete 
outfit of forges, blowers, and a smoke exhauster. 



=One of the most attractive and useful souvenirs ofTered in 
the rubber trade is the pigskin card case given to their friends 
by the Fabric Fire Hose Co. (New York). In addition to this 
the company issue a very attractive gold and red enamel button 
bearing their trade mark and the insignia of a fire chief, which 
button is distributed at firemen's conventions and much prized 
by recipients. 

Sent out with the compliments of The Pure Gum Specialty 
Co. ( Barberton, Ohio) is an exceedingly beautiful picture en- 
titled "Summer," from an original painting by Philip Boileau, 
one of the foremost of the younger American school of figure 
painters. The picture is well worth framing and preserving 
and is a type of advertising that appeals to all. 

= Suit has been filed against the Bourn Rubber Co. in 
the superior court at Providence, Rhode Island, by Hyman 
Kamros, a former employe, to recover S5000 for personal inju- 
ries alleged to have been due to the defective condition of an 
elevator in the company's factory. 

= William F. Mayo & Co. (Boston) made an extensive ex- 
hibit of the lines of rubber boots and shoes of which they are 
jobbers, at Minneapolis during the Minnesota state fair, Sep- 
tember 4 9, in charge of their northwestern representatives, I. 
R. Burwell and Charles Wiggin. 

= A meeting of the directors of the Maynard Rubber Cor- 
poration, jobbers in rubber goods at Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, and Hartford, Connecticut, was held in the latter city on 
September 5, the president, E. W. Maynard, in the chair. Noth- 
ing of special interest is reported, the meeting having been de- 
voted to going over the company's plans for the coming year. 
= Mr. Webster Norris, who has now become thoroughly 
adapted to life in a new region, as superintendent of the Re- 
public Rubber Co. (Youngstown, Ohio), spent his vacation this 
year at Ogunquit, Maine. On his return, at the middle of Sep- 
tember, he favored a number of his old friends in the industry, 
In the East, with a call. 

= Towner cS: Co. (Memphis, Tennessee), proprietors of the 
leading exclusively rubber house in the South, have secured 
the contract for supplying the rubber floor tiling and mats re- 
quired for the splendid new building of the Memphis Trust Co. 
= The Aladdin Rubber Co. (Akron, Ohio), have decided upon 
another location than that reported in these pages last month. 
Building has been started near the plant of the Alden Rubber 
Co., at Barberton, and it is expected to be in operation by 
December i. The first building will be 111X54 feet, part three 
stories high. 

=The American Chicle Co.'s new factory at Toronto is about 
completed, the main building being 250 X 60 feet and three 
stories high, with an annex having a floor space of 7000 feet. J. 
W. Siddall, of Toronto, is the architect. 

= Incorporation papers were filed under the laws of New 
York, September 13, 1905, by the Standard Safety Air Cushion 
Co., of New York city, with Sioo,ooo capital, to manufacture 
air cushions for passenger and freight elevators. This involves 
no use of rubber, the cushions being made of steel plates. The 
list of incorporators is headed by John L. Baker, No. 31 Broad- 
way, New York. 

=The Neponset Rubber Co., incorporated in New Jersey in 
1904 to make mechanical rubber goods at Hyde Park, Massa- 
chusetts, acquired the factory before used by the Boston Gos- 
samer Rubber Co., and about 3 acres of the land attached there- 
to, for $30,000. They paid $10,000, giving a mortgage for the 
remaining $20,000 to the Federal Trust Co. (Boston). The 
sheriff of Norfolk county, Mass., on August 26, sold certain 
materials in the factory, seized under attachment, and the fac- 
tory has been closed. 



28 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



=The Indiana Rubber and Insulated Wire Co. (Jonesboro. 
Indiana ), have just completed a new addition to their buildings 
and have orders placed for additional machinery to cost about 
$20,000. This machinery is in the way of mills and a new cal- 
ender, as well as some extensive wire testing apparatus. 

= The Swinehart Clincher Tire and Rubber Co. (Akron- 
Ohio), have been installing a new steam engine, hydraulic press' 
mill, and tubing machines, with the effect of doubling their 
capacity. 

=The Stein Double Cushion Tire Co. (Akron, Ohio) have in 
progress two additions to their factory, which they hope to 
have completed and in use during this month. One addition, 
70 X 40 feet, will be used for a machine shop, and the other, 
40 X 20 feet, for a curing room. The new additions will prac- 
tically double the capacity of the factory. 

= It is understood that the shareholders of the Goodyear 
Tire and Rubber Co. at the meeting re- 
ferred to in the last India Rubber 
World (page 422). after discussing the 
proposed substitution of new shares for 
the bonds now outstanding, failed to 
take any action in the matter. 

= The business established 30 years 
ago by Joseph Bachrach, in the manu- 
facture of rubber balloons and other 
novelties, in Brooklyn, New York, is 
now being carried on by his son Philip 
Bachrach, at No. 23 Judge street, where 
the concern has been located for 21 
years. Philip Bachrach, in addition to 
conducting the factory, is active in 
Brooklyn political affairs. 

= The Cmcinnati Rubber Manufac- 
turing Co. have arranged for their Chi- 
cago representation, with offices at 
room 321 Rookery building, which will 
be in charge of Mr. J. E. Dickxon, who 
has been identified with the rubber 
trade in Chicago and the territory trib- 
utary thereto for a number of years. 
MR. APPLETON IN A CARTOON. 

The Boston Trai'tUr has a Cartoon- 
ist who daily brings before the people 
of the "Hub" well known business 
men by means of a very good sketch 
and a few suggestive touches that are 
descriptive of the business in which the 
subject of the sketch is engaged. The 
illustration shown is a very good por- 
trait of Mr. Francis H. Appleton and the kinds of rubber scrap 
that he holds in his hands point to the reclaiming business 
which he successfully runs. The artist has pictured him as 
being pretty well up in the air— perhaps prophetic of the near 
future, when prices of rubber scrap will soar so high that the 
trade can only reach them from the chimney tops. 
THE HARTFORD RUBBER WORKS CO. 

At a meeting of the directors at Hartford on September 20, 
the work of the general manager was divided between two offi- 
cials. William Seward, Jr., first vice president, who has been 
the general manager for some years, was made factory mana- 
ger, and J. D. Anderson, a vice president, was made commercial 
manager. Thomas Midgley, who has been in charge of the 
testing department, as consulting engineer, was added to the 
list of vice presidents. Charles B. Wittlesey, hitherto general 
correspondent, has been made chief clerk. 




MR. F. H. APPLETON 



ELECTRIC RUBBER MANUFACTURING CO. 
This company, incorporated in November, 1903, under New 
Jersey laws, with $1,000,000 capital authorized, has begun oper- 
ations at Rutherford, in that state, in the premises sometime 
occupied by the Hazleton Boiler Co. The new company is en- 
gaged in the manufacture of solid and pneumatic vehicle tires, 
one feature of which is a process designed to protect the rubber 
against oxidization. The company is also producing hard rub- 
ber battery jars. The officers are : James H. George, president; 
W. A. Jacobus, vice president ; W. J. Conkling, treasurer ; and 
Cnarles H. George, secretary. The factory superintendent is 
Henry A. Middleton, who has had a number of years experience 
in the rubber industry. 

PERSONAL MENTION. 

Mr Eliott M. Henderson, vice-president of the Manhat- 
tan Rubber Manufacturing Co. (New York), recently started 
on a tour of business and pleasure 
combined. The leading American 
newspapers have been supplied by the 
Associated Press with the following 
cable despatch : 

Liverpool, September 26. — Mr. E. M. 
Henderson, vice president of the Manhattan 
Rubber Manufacturing Co., of New York, 
one of the largest rubber concerns in the 
United States, is at present visiting this 
country to investigate the conditions and 
trend of the rubber trade here. Mr. Hen- 
derson, through the Institute of Tropical 
Research, has been introduced to Liverpool 
rubber merchants, and after a short stay in 
the city proposes to visit Manchester and 
London. Subsequently Mr. Henderson will 
extend his tour of commercial observation to 
the plantations of Ceylon, the Straits Settle- 
ments, East Africa, and possibly West Africa 
also, his principal object being to examine 
the methods of rubber cultivation and the 
different processes of coagulation. Mr. Hen- 
derson's tour, practically around the world, 
is a striking illustration of the way in which 
enterprising business men set to work, the 
aim in this case being to study the improve- 
ments introduced during recent years into 
the rubber growing industry in order that 
the company concerned may keep pace with 
the latest improvements in their own exten- 
sive plantations in Nicaragua. 

= Mr. Arthur W. Stedman, of the firm 
of George A. Alden & Co., has very few 
equals as a judge of fine horses. A sig- 
nificant evidence of this was his selection recently as one of 
the judges at a horse show at a county fair held at Windsor, 
Vermont, which he attended as the guest of Winston Chuich- 
ill, and a lew days later where he acted as judge at the fashion- 
able horse show of the Myopia Hunt Club, Hamilton, Mass. 

= President Colt, of the United States Rubber Co., and Pres- 
ident Ivins, of the General Rubber, have returned from Europe. 
= The somewhat lurid headline that appeared recently in the 
Philadelphia £7'if«/«;f Telegraph, wh\c\\ read: 

CHESTER PIKE 

A MENACE TO LIFE AND LIMB. 

does not refer to the gentleman of that name who has long been 
distinguished as one of the ablest of the rubber shoe salesmen. 
The reference is to the turnpike of the town of Chester, famil- 
iarly known as " the pike." 



October i, 1905.! 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^A/'ORLD 



29 



THE FABRIC FIRE HOSE CO.'S PLANT. 



TRADE CLASH OVER GOLF BALLS. 



THK factory of the Fabric Fire Hose Co., at Sandy Hook. 
Connecticut, on a tract of 100 acres on both sides of the 
Pootatuck river, is fortunately situated with regard both to the 
fitness of the location for its business and to the attractiveness 
of the surroundings. It is a historic site, for here were the be- 
ginnings of the New York Belting and Packing Co., who occu- 
pied these premises for many years before removing their fac- 
tories to New Jersey. Part of the premises also served as the 
original hard rubber factory of the late Conrad Poppenhusen, 
pioneer In that industry. 

Near the spacious factory buildings, with the daily capacity 
of 6000 feet of tire hose, are 28 well constructed dwelling houses 
owned by the company and occupied by the 100 employes at a 
nominal rental — the nucleus of an ideal industrial community, 
whose workers are well paid and well satisfied, and who are con- 
sequently absolutely loyal to the interests of the company. 

The specialty of the Fabric Fire Hose Co. is a wax and Para 
gum treated hose, the process, which is patented, consisting of 
saturating the yarn with melted wax and rubber, which treat- 
ment renders it impervious to rot and mildew. Another and 
very popular line manufactured by this company is its Under- 



■A^^ 



'OiM.-.'i^l 




writers' hose, an antiseptically treated product known as the 
" Keystone " brand, and made under the specifications of the 
National Board of Underwriters and Associated Factory 
Mutual Insurance Companies. In addition to this they make 
a garden hose of superior quality and which is in active request 
— in common with its other lines — as the entire output of the 
factory is absolutely guaranteed. 

An important feature of the factory is its completely equipped 
machine shop, in which virtually all of the looms in operation 
in the factory are made, as are all of the repairs. The entire 
plant is equipped with the most approved apparatus, from its 
automatic sprinkler system to its new Bowser naphtha tank, 
endorsed by the Associated Factory Mutual Insurance Com- 
panies. A new building to be devoted exclusively to tube man- 
ufacture is now in process of erection. 

This ideal plant, as well as the New York headquarters (No. 
127 Duane street), are under the personal supervision of Mr. 
William T. Cole, general manager of the company, to whose 
genius for organization and untiring efTort may be ascribed not 
only the present model condition of the factory and property, 
but of its people as well. Improved looms and many other in- 
novations may be credited to the same source. Mr. Cole has a 
charming home at Sandy Hook, where he and his family spend 
the greater part of the year. 



[from THR new YORK " SUN," SEPTEMBER I 8.] 

ACL.\SH between certain makers of golf balls, too eager to 
use the open championship as a vehicle to advertise 
their products, and the United States Golf Association execu- 
tive committee, has been settled in the manner suggested by 
the committeemen. Six or eight weeks ago the professionals 
throughout the country received from one firm a circular stat- 
ing that the player winning the open championship with its 
ball would receive a bonus of $500, that whoever came second 
would get $250 and so on to an aggregate of $1000. Similar 
circulars were sent out by one or two other makers, offering 
cash inducements to the players to use their golf balls. The 
first prize in the open is $200 and a golf medal and the added 
money in all is $870; and unless this system of bonuses was 
nipped in the bud, there was apprehension among the commit- 
teemen that a rank evil would grow up to smother the impor- 
tance of the open championship as a genuine, fair and above 
board test of golfing skill. 

A sub-committee, headed by Ransom H. Thomas, the United 
States Golf Association president, took charge of the matter. 
While admittedly supreme in its power over the game and the 

players, this was the first 
movement on the part of 
the United States Golf As- 
sociation to interfere in 
any way with the methods 
of those who sell golf 
goods, aside from what has 
b-i n done incidentally in 
drawing a line between the 
amateur and the proles- 
■^lonal, and alihough en- 
listed to fight to a finish 
il necessary, the commit- 
teemen did not begin with 
threats. If the concerns 
approached had chosen to 
wave the red flag of defi- 
ance none of the players 
would have been permitted to use the balls boomed in the ob- 
jectionable manner, but no such retaliatory policy has been 
brought up in the carrying on of the negotiations. 

Mr. Thomas opened up a correspondence with the diflerent 
hustlers in the golf ball trade, which led to personal interviews 
and promises that the circulars announcing bonuses would be 
forthwith cancelled. The makers have submitted and the cash 
premiums announced are now null and void. Mr. Thomas's 
declaration of independence was this: 

The offering by manufacturers of golf goods of cash prizes to be 
played for at the open championship of the United States Golf Associa- 
tion is, in the opinion of the executive committee, detrimental to the 
best interests of the game of golf and should be prohibited. 

The manufacturers have agreed to uphold the text and spirit 
of this ruling. 

Thev Might Laugh. — The Mexican rubber monopoly 
might do well to see Dr. Tutton and buy his discovery. But 
probably they will laugh at it until it proves too good a thing 
to sell. — Benton Harbor {Michigan) Palladium. 



An Unanswered Query. — The Cincinnati Enquirer prints 
the following inquiry without vouchsafing any reply: "Could 
you kindly inform an old subscriber how I could niake mate- 
rial same as rubber collars are made of.' " 



30 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[October i, 1905 



THE TEXTILE GOODS MARKET. 

THE present condition of the cotton duck market is firmer 
than one month ago, with the tendency upward. The 
fact that the cotton plantersat their recent convention resolved 
to hold the price at 11 per pound would indicate that prices 
for manufactured goods would be higher than they were last 
season, though manufacturers of ducks have not as yet made 
any prices for next year. It is not improbable that the sched- 
ule will be prepared within the current month. 

There appears to be a persistent demand for ducks of every 
description and it is estimated by a competent authority that 
if demand increases proportionately next season the mills will 
probably be unable to meet it. 

The raw cotton situation is extremely strong, the speculators 
exerting every efifort to promote a strong " bull " movement 
and with considerable success. It the speculators are able to 
eflfect continued advances the spinners will be compelled to 
buy, which will naturally add strength to the situation. 

The following letter from the president of an important 
southern mill to their New York agents isa faithful and signifi- 
cant reflection of existing conditions : 

Owing to the advance in cotton and more than that to the very evi- 
dent tendency to market slowly on the part of producers of the staple, 
we are compelled to make an advance in the price of goods. We 
would much prefer to continue selling at same prices if we could secure 
cotton at a profitable price. We know the danger of curtailing the con- 
sumption of goods by high prices and regretfully make the advance. 
There can be no doubt of the disposition or ability of the farmers to 
hold cotton until they can get their own price and we expect a sharp ad- 
vance as soon as the slow marketing shall show up in the receipts. 

The demand for numbered ducks is so heavy and results so 
satisfactory that it will be likely to exert an effect during the 
coming season on hose and belting duck prices. The disposi- 
tion on the part of rubber trade buyers seems to be to avoid 
contracting for fabrics at existing quotations as long as present 
supplies or those covered by last season's contract agreements 
hold out. 



NEW CABLE TO CHINA AND JAPAN. 



A CERTIFICATE of increase of capital of the Commercial 
Pacific Cable Co., incorporated under the laws of New 
York state, from $12,000,000 to $15,000,000, was filed at Albany 
on September 1 5, together with an amendment to the certificate 
of incorporation providing that the line now extending from 
San Francisco, California, by way of Hawaii and Guam to Ma- 
nila, may be extended from the latter point to Shanghai, China. 
Another extension is to be made from Guam to Yokohama. 
Japan. These extensions will have the effect of completing the 
original plans of the company, which it has been impossible to 
carry out hitherto owing to certain obstacles in the way of se- 
curing landing rights on the Asiatic mainland which have now 
been removed as a result of recent diplomatic negotiations. 
The consent of China to a landing at Shanghai was obtained 
several weeks ago, and the signature of the Japanese minister 
to the United States to an agreement with the cable company 
was made on September 13. The company will now proceed 
promptly with the manufacture and laying of the two new 
cables, which will require several months. The company's 
system will then pierce the Far East at three points : the Phil- 
ippines, China, and Japan. With the new cable from Canso, 
Nova Scotia, to Port au Basques, Newfoundland, which was 
opened for business on September 11, and the fifth transatlantic 
cable, which was laid during the month, the Commercial sys- 
tem will extend over more than two- thirds of the way around 
the globe. 

The London correspondent of The Times of Ceylon writes: 
■' Talking to thedirector of a Straits rubber company this week, 
he mentioned that on their property 100 coolies a day were 
hard at work tapping and bringing in 12 ounces a day. The yield 
per tree (the trees being from six to seven years old) was some 
6 ounces from the one tapping, and the manager estimated that 
the yield per tree for the year would be \)i pounds of rubber 
per tree operated upon. The first consignment sold last week 
at ds. jd [ = $i soy'i]. " 



REVIEW OF THE CRUDE RUBBER MARKET. 



THERE is practically no change to report in rubber market 
conditions since our last publication. Prices are higher 
for every grade quoted in these pages, but the figures 
given in this issue merely record a recovery from the 
decline which began about four months ago, covering the period 
of lessened activity in the industry during the heated term. 
The highest figures we have quoted for fine Islands Pard have 
been 132 @ 133, and the same grade is now 127 @ 128. 

Considering the apparent activity of the factories in every 
branch of the industry, and the extent of stocks, together with 
the fact that it is yet too early for a large output from the Ama- 
zon for the current crop season, there is little to encourage the 
hope of lower priced rubber during the current year. 

At the Antwerp sale on September 19, the 260 tons oflfered 
found ready buyers at a somewhat higher average than at the 
preceding sale. The August sale, it will be remembered, cov- 
ered exceptionally large offerings tor that market, and at higher 
prices than the brokers' estimation. The fact that at the next 
succeeding sale prices should show a still further advance is 
significant of the general situation in the rubber market — firm- 
ness and an upward tendency. 

Arrivals at Pari thus far for the crop season have been some- 



what larger than during the same months in preceding years, 
but not enough larger to suggest any probability of lower prices 
in consequence. The figures follow : 

1902. 1903. 1904- 1905. 

July Ions 1290 1280 1250 1450 

August 1370 1230 1260 13CO 

September 1670 2010 1780 31850 

Total 4330 4520 42go 4600 

\a — To September 28. J 

On another page appear details regarding the plantation rub- 
ber from the Far East oflered at the London auctions during 
September. The rubber referred to appears to have become 
permanently established in the London markets and the amount 
coming forward may be expected to increase steadily with each 
year as more trees under cultivation come into bearing. 

Following is a statement of prices of Pard grades, one year 
ago, one month ago, and on September 29— the current date : 

PARA. October I, '04. September I '05. September 29. 

Islands, fine, new io8@i09 I25@I26 127(8128 

Islands, fine, old none here none here none here 

Upriver, fine, new iio@ii2 I28@I29 129(2130 

Upriver, fine, old 112(0)114 131(3132 132(5)133 



October i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



81 



Islands, coarse, new 6o@ 62 7o@ 7' 7>@ 72 

Islands, coarse, old none here none here none here 

Upriver, coarse, new 86@ 87 gol^ gi q2@ g3 

Uprlver, coarse, old none here none here none here 

Caucho (Peruvian) sheet 67(868 7'® 72 730 74 

Caucho (Peruvian) ball 76® 77 84(2)85 85(3 86 

African sorts at New York show an advance, almost without 



exception : 

AFRICAN. 

Sierra I.eone.istquality ioi(iiro2 

Massai. red ioi(a)io2 

Benguella 8o@ Si 

Cameroon ball 69® 70 

Accra fl.ike 26(3 27 

Lopori ball, prime. .. . 108(8109 

Lopori strip, prime ... 9i@ 92 

Madagascar, pinky.. . . gi(^ 92 

Ikelemba 109(3110 



CENTRALS. 

Esmeralda, sausage. . .84 (§185 

Guayaquil, strip 73 (374 

Nicaragua, scrap .. . .83 @E4 

Panama, slab 67 (368 

Mexican, scrap 83 ©84 

Mexican, slab 60 @62 

Mangabeira. sheet. .. .72 (S73 
EAST INDIAN. 

Assam 97 @98 

Borneo 43 @44 



Late Para cables quote : 

Per Kilo. Pet Kilo. 

Islands, fine 5$400 Upriver. fine 6I400 

Islands, coarse 2$6oo Upriver, coarse 4$30o 

Exchange, ty-j'^J. 

Last Manaos advices : 

Upriver, fine 6I300 Upriver, coarse 3$8oo 

Exchange, l7j'o''- 

NEW YORK RUBBER PRICES FOR AUGUST (NEW RUBBER). 

1905. 1904. 1903. 

Upriver, fine i.27@i 2g I.i8(3i.2i 95 (giioo 

Upriver, coarse go® 92 go® gi 75 @ 79 

Islands, fine 1.25(3)1.27 i I4@i.l6 go @ g7 

Islands, coarse bS(d 70 b5(3 67 5g ® 61 

Cameta 7i@ 73 65(0) 66 58 (3 61 

Staiistics of Para l^ubber {Excluding Caucho) . 



In regard to the financial situation, Albert B. Beers (broker 
in India-rubber, No. 68 William street, New York) advises us 
as follows ; 

" Since August the condition of the money market has changed 
materially, and the demand for paper has been much lighter 
during September than for several inonths past, and rates have 
been strong at 5 per cent, for the best rubber names, and 5>^ 
@ 6'^ per cent, for those not so well known." 

Anttverp. 

RUBBER ARRIVALS AT ANTWERP, 

August 29. — By the LeopoldvilU, {xoxA the Congo : 

Bunge & Co (Societe Generale Africaine) kilos. 82.000 

Do (Chemins de fer Grand Lacs) 6.000 

Do (Societe A B 1 R) 40,000 

Socieii Coloniale Anversoise.(Belge du Haut Congo) 1,500 

Do (Sud Kamerun) 2,000 

Do 1,000 

Societe Equatoriale Congolaise... (Societe I'lkelemba) 2,000 

Cie Commerciale des Colonies (I,a Haut Sangha) 2,000 

Charles Dethier. (Societe I.a " M'Poko") 1.500 

Coinptoir des ProduitsColoniaux (Ikela-Kadci Sangha) 20,000 

Do (Societe "N'Goko " Sangha) 2,000 

M. S. Cols (Soci^it I'lkelemba) 1,000 

Societe Generale de Commerce (Alimaienne) 4,700 

Do (Societe La Lobay) 10,000 

L. & W Van de Velde (Cie. du Kasai) 45.000 

Do 1,600 222,300 

Canada. 

Imports (in value) of crude India-rubber and Gutta percha, reclaimed 
rubber, and substitutes for fiscal years ended June 30 : 



NEW YORK. 

Kinc and 
Medium. 



Stocks. July 31 Ions 

Arrivals, August 



Aggregating.. 
Deliveries, August. 



2g2 
223 

5'5 
284 



Coarte. 
125 = 
222 = 



Toul Total 

■905. 1904. 

417 137 

445 478 



347 = 
262 = 



862 
546 



Stocks, August 31 



23 1 85 = 316 

parA. 
1905. 1904. 1903. 

Stocks. July 31 tons 240 175 115 

Arrivals. August 1230 loio 1050 



615 

549 

66 



lot.l 

■903. 

367 

942 

i3og 
1085 

224 



From — 

Great Britain 

United States . . . 


1902-03. 

.... $ 7,119 
.. 1,816,682 


1903.04. 

$ 4,496 

2,508,939 

gig 

$2,514,354 


1904-05. 

♦ 26,37g 

2,701,832 


Other countries . . . 
Totals 


904 

... $1,824,705 


332 
$2,728,543 



Rubber Receipts at Manaos. 

During August and two months of the crop season for three 
years [courtesy of Messrs, Scholz & Co.]: 



ENGLAND. 
1905. 19&4. 1903. 
390 585 1320 

6go 595 330 



From — 

':^"o 

Rio Funis — Acre tons 431 

Rio Madeira 251 

Rio Jurua 57 

Rio Javary — Iquitos. ... 30 

Rio Solimues g3 

Rio Negro I 



August. 
;. 1904- 
361 
330 



Aggregatine 1470 I1S5 I165 

Deliveries, August. .. 1195 870 1030 



1080 
700 



1180 

745 



Stocks, August ;i 275 315 



135 



380 435 



1650 
675 

975 



Total. .. 
Caucho. 



863 
98 



188 
6 



885 
79 



1903. 

294 
240 

100 

15 

3 

652 

47 



July-August. 
1905. J904, 1903 

506 

479 

25 
213 

10 



656 
470 
94 
120 
104 
5 



457 

492 

2 

114 

25 

15 



1449 1233 1105 
186 178 208 



'90s. 

World's visible s pply, August 31 tons 1534 

Pari receipts, J uly I to August 31 2480 

Para receipts of Caucho. s-me dates 220 

Afloat from Para to United States, August 31 87 

Afloat from Para to Europe, August 31 476 



1904. 
1281 

lOIO 

230 
166 
241 



1903. 

2088 

1050 

230 

394 
360 



Rubber Scrap Prices. 

New York quotations — prices paid by consumers for carload 
lots, in cents per pound — show a general increase over last 
month's figures, as follows : 

Old Rubber Boots and Shoes — Domestic. 7l4 TH 

Do —Foreign (>U ® (>}i 

Pneumatic Bicycle Tires S'A @ 5'A 

Solid Rubber Wagon and Carriage Tires 7J^ @ 7*^ 

White Trimmed Rubber 8)^(3 85^ 

Heavy Black Rubber 4% @ 5 

Air Brake Hose 'i% ® ihi 

Fire and Large Hose 25^ @ 2j^ 

Garden Hose 2\4 @ lyi 

Matting i @ l>i 



Total 961 964 699 1635 1411 1313 

<Para, 

Kanthack & Co. report [September 11] : 

The rubber market has been distinctly more cheerful than for some 
time past, and with the continuance of well sustained and animated de- 
mand the impulse towards higher prices has taken further effect. Re- 
ceipts are on quite a normal scale, being slightly in excess of last year's, 
while crop prospeets continue to be very satisfactory. 

Ceylon Exports (Plantation Rubber). 

details— BY weeks. 
Pounds, 
January I to July 24 55.895 



Week ending July 31 992 

Week ending Aug. 7 2,340 

Week ending Aug. 14 ... 5,898 

Week ending Aug. 21. .. . 3,922 



Pounds. 

Total to Aug. 21 69,047 

Same period. igo4 41,766 

Same period. igo3 26,463 



DESTINATION. 



Great Britain 51.808 

Germany 13.535 



Uniced States 3,036 

Australia 1,I47 



32 



THE INDIA RUBBER \A^ORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



60 


28 


10 


8 


37S 


202 


448 


238 


199 


650 


229 


222 


632 


254 



1508 1364 



1903. 

m/ 3 

@4/ 2 'A 
@3/ 3U 



London. 

Edward Till & Co. report stocks [September i] : 

1905. 1904 

f Pari sorts tans I2 — 

Borneo 52 

London ■( Assam and Rangoon 45 

Penang 402 

Other sorts 200 

Total 7" 

( Pari 378 

LlVKRPOOL ■! Caucho 122 

( Other sorts 483 

Total, United Kingdom 1694 

PRICES PAID DURING AUCUST. 
1905. 1904. 

Pari fine, hard 5/ 6i^@5/ 7 5/ ©5/ 2^4" 4/ I 

Do soft 5/5 @5/ 6 4/10^05/ I >i 3/1 1 

Negroheads, scrappy. . 3/ioi/ 3/10 @3/n 3/2 

Do Cameta.3/ i ©3/ l}i 2/ 8|^@2/ioJ^ 2/ 6'X@2/ b% 

Bolivian 5/ 6>^@5/ 7 5/ @5/ 2^ 4/ 2K@4/ 3H 

Caucho, ball 3/ 6}^@3/ ^'A 3/ 5 @3/ 6 3/ o}i®3/ 3 

Do slab 3/ @3/ I i/ii @2/iot^ 2/ 7 @2/ 7"^ 

Do tails 3/1 @3 /3}i *zh "2/9 

[* Nominal value.] 

AUCTION SALES REPORT. 

September 15. — The market for Pata has remained very quiet, with 
small sales at about \d. decline. Fine hard on the spot and near sold at 
5^. 7./.; November- December delivery at ^s 50' ; soft fine scarce near at 
hand sold at 5J. 6?^(/. Negroheads in fair demand ; Maiiaos scrappy 
sold at 3^. \\d. % is. i\%(i.\ Cameta 3i. ii}.>J , and Islands at 2s. 
TyiJ. Bolivian firmly held for 5^. 81/. Mollendo quiet at ^s. bj. near- 
est value. Peruvian quiet and litile business doing ; fine sj. ii/. , scrappy 
■is. <)J., and slab 3J. iJ. Medium grades in auction to-day in moderate 
supply, and in good demand at generally dearer rates. Orinoic: 127 
packages sold ; fine at Ss. b'/id \ eiitrtfine 5^. 4</.; scrappy negroheads 
at 2/. lo}y2J- Colombian good clean sheet, a little heated, 3J-. 7}^</. 
Central American and Cartagena good brown scrap at 3J-. 8 f.,V. @ ^s c^d. 
Madagascar rather m-.xed to good pinky 3.1 i%d @ 3^ gt/ Mozambique 
small red loose ball 4J-. id. Lamu ball rather sandy 3^. .\%d. . . 
PLANTATION RUBBER. 
London, September 1 — The parcels that were oflertd at auction to- 
day met with good competition, and for good sheet and pancakes bs. ^d. 
@ bs. 3}4d- was obtained; scrap 4.f. bd. @ ^s., according to quality. 
A parcel of Straits consisting of 20 cases sheet for which bs. 3,/. was bid 
and 70 cases Crepe (50 pounds each) for which bs. i,d. was bid, being 21/. 
per pound below recent sales privately, was offered and bought in. The 
particulars are as follows : 

c E V L o N. 
Description. 

Scrap. 

Fine dark biscuits. 

Good scrap. 

Fine biscuits, little rough. 

Good scrap. 

Scrap. 

Biscuits mixed colors. 

Scrap. 

STRAITS. 

Fine thin pale sheets. 
Scrap. 
Fine sheets 

Pale and darkish Crepe. 
Yellow pancakes. 
Fine Para 5^. b'^id. 

LEWIS & PEAT. 
•The Highlands Estate is the property of Mr. W. W. Bailey [see 
The India Rubber World, September i, 1904— page 407], near 
Klang, in the state of Selangor. The 20 cases referred to were held at 
bs. 5(/. The 70 cases, according to another report, were sold later at 
bs. i,\id. 

London, September 15. — At public sale to-day the largest 
amount of plantation grown Pari rubber yet offered at auction 



Mark. Packages. 

Glaurhos 2 cases. 

Arapolakande .... 6 cases. 

Arapolakande 2 cases. 

Hattangalla.. .. i case. 

Hattangalla i 

Nikakotua i 

Glencorse i 

Glencorse i 



case, 
case, 
case, 
case. 



A B S 2 cases. 

ABB I case. 

'Highlands estate. 20 cases. 
•Highlands estate. 70 cases. 
S P 2 cases. 



Price. 


Bought in 


6.r. 3]id. 


Ss. 


bs. id. 


EJ. 


Bought in 


bs. id. 


Bought in 


bs. i;u. 


Bought in 


bs. id. bid 


bs. 4(/. bid 


bs. 



was catalogued, consisting of 84 packages Straits and 89 packages 
Ceylon, weighing in all about S tons. The quality generally was 
good, but there were very few really nice sale lots. The scrap 
was mostly mixed, of which there was some very poor lots on 
show. A little lot of 10 cases black Java sheet, being badly 
heated, only realized a low price. The demand was good, but in 
sympathy with lower prices (or ordinary Par'i, lower rates had to 
be accepted for fine biscuits — bs. 2d.@bs. ^^id. being the range of 
prices. Full particulars are as follows : 
CEYLON. 



Mark. 


Packages. 


Description. 


Price. 


Warriapolla. . . . 


4 cases. 


Very fine pale biscuits. 


bs. 


A/zd. 


Warriapolla. . . . 


I case. 


Fine darkish. 


bs. 


3d. 


Warriapolla. . . 


I case. 


Mixed biscuits. 


bs. 


3d 


Warriapolla . . . 


3 cases. 


Scrap balls. 


3^. 


io'4d. 


Warriapolla. . . . 


2 cases. 


Rejections. 


AS. 


Id 


Tellagalla 


4 cases. 


Very dark biscuits. 


Bo 


ught in. 


Tellagalla 


I case. 


Rejections. 


'.s. 


Jd. 


Tellagalla 


I case. 


Ordinary scrap. 


4.t. 


yd 


Tellasjalla 


1 case. 


Very barky scrap. 


V- 


rAd. 


I 


2 boxes. 


Fine biscuits. 


hs. 


3d. 


I box. 


Scrap and rejected. 


v. 


bd. 


Gammadua ... 


.1 box. 


Fine pale Cearil biscuits. 


bs. 


3d- 


Glencorse 


I case. 


Scrap. 


4.t. 


id. 


Doranakande . . 


2 cases. 


Mostly dark biscuits. 


Bought in 


Elston 


I case. 


Dark scrap. 


4s. 


>)d. 


Elston 


I case. 


Fine biscuits 


Bo 


ught in 


Culloden 


5 cases. 


Fine pale biscuits. 


6x. 


4d. 


Culloden 


I case. 


Scrap nuggets. 


S-t. 


iVzd 


Culloden 


4 cases. 


Pale scrap. 


•^s. 


bd. 


Culloden 


I case. 


Dark. 


^s. 


bd. 


Ellakande 


2 cases. 


Fine biscuits. 


bs. 


2Md. 


Ingoya 


T cases. 


Fine pale biscuits. 


bs. 


2d. 


j 


I bag 


Scrap. 


A^- 


qd 


2 cases. 


Small pale biscuits. 


6f. 


3y2d 


3lisgs. 


Biscuits and scrap. 


is 


id. 


{ 


g cases. 


Fair biscuits. 


Boughi in 


5 cases. 


Fair biscuits. 


Bought in 






STRAITS. 






P R 


3 cases. 


Fine sheets. 


bs. 


3%'/. 


S B 


1 case. 


Scrap. 


5^- 


oYzd 


_ 1^ fa rases. 


Very fine biscu is. 


bs. 


4d. 


SBC ; 


I case. 


Good scrap pale. 


V. 


2d. 


I bag. 


Serap biscuits. 


4J. 


Id. 


P R 
S B 


5 cases. 


Fine large sheets. 


bs. 


Ad. 


D & Co 


3 cases. 


Scrap. 


s-i- 


2%d 


V R & Co L ( 


g cases. 


Mixed biscuits. 


bs 


2d 


Klang -' 


I case. 


Dark scrap. 


is. 


^d. 


F W Q 1 


2 cases. 


Fair scrap. 


Ss. 


AVzd 


J A 


I case. 


Fine biscuits. 


bs. 


2d. 




7 cases. 


Fair biscuits. 


bs. 


id. 




4 cases. 


Dark scrap heated. 


V. 


AVzd. 


8 R R Co. 


I bag. 


Cut pieces. 


5s. 


^■%d. 




I case. 


Futts black. 


4S. 


3%.d- 




2 cases. 


Fiz-tts red. 


Bought in 




^ 2 cises. 


Sheets and biscuits. 


Bought in 



Tjiderock g cases. 

Tjiderock 1 case. 



JAVA. 

Fine black sheets, heated. 4J. \d. 

Very badly heated. \s. yd, 

LEWIS & PEAT. 



[Note.— In cases where marks involve symbols in addition to initials, no at- 
tempt has been made above to reproduce them.] 

Liverpool. 

William Wright & Co. report [September i]: 
Fine Para. — Demand on spot has been dull, with only slight fluctua- 
tions ; closing value 5.1. yd., with not much inquiry (or Upriver. There 
is a good demand for Islands and little offering; buyers at ^s. bd., 
sellers 5.;. b',id. There has been a good demand for delivery, but in 
the present statistical position sellers are chary of offering, especially for 
distant. To-day's values are September, 5J. b'^id , September-October, 
5J. 6|</., October-November, is. $i(d , November-December, jj 5</. 
America still keeps quiet, and we are of opinion that when she does en- 
ter the market, although she will not rush prices, the demand thus cre- 
ated will have the effect of preventing any serious decline in values. In 
Brazil the demand is strong and active, all supplies finding ready buyers 
at prices considerably over those ruling here. 



October i 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



33 



Ai.DEN, .Symini;ton & Co. announce that thi-y have admitted into 
partnership Mr. Harry Symington and Mr. Edward Olson, both of whom 
have been actively associated with the lirm in their business (or some 
years. 

IMPORTS FROM PARA AT NEW YORK. 

[TAf Figurti Indicate li'eighls in Fountis.\ 

September 5. — -By the steamer liertmrd, from Pari : 
Impoktbks. 
New York Commercial Co. 

Poel & Arnold 

A. T. Morse & Co 

Edmund Keeks & Co. . . . 
Lionel Ilagenaers & Co.. 



Fine. 


Medium. 


Coarse. 


Caucho. 


Total 


tQ.Soo 


1,700 


25,tK)0 


2,500 = 


49,600 






81,100 


= 


81,100 


2,500 




17 500 


= 


20,000 


12,300 


100 


2,300 


^=^ 


14.700 


5.000 




1,200 


. . .. ^ 


6,200 



Total 3g,6oo i,8oo 127,700 2.500= 171,600 

September 15. — By the steamer Ceannsf, from Manaosand Tara : 
New York CommercialCo. I2q,6oo 21,100 81, coo 2,200= 233,900 
Poel & Arnold 15,600 4,800 83,600 300= 104,300 



A. T. Morse & Co 14,600 4,600 36,100 14,100= 69,400 

Neale & Co 15,500 2,800 20,8.^0 . ...= 39,100 

Edmund Reeks & Co ... . 13,900 1,000 12,700 Soo= 28,400 

Thomsen & Co 15,300 . ... 4,300 = 19,600 

Lionel llai;enaers& Co.. 14, goo 4,100 = lq,ooo 

Lawrence Johnson & Co .... 19.700= 19.700 

Total 219,400 34,300 142,600 37,100=: 533,400 

September 26. - By the steamer Cameltnse, from Manaos and Para : 

New York Commercial Co. 120,900 30,500 37,200 2,400= 191,000 

A. T. Morse & Co 27,700 4,600 62,700 4,300= 99,300 

Poel & Arnold .... 57,500 . ..= 57,500 

Neale & Co .... 27,800 ....^ 27,800 

Hagemeyer & Brunn 3,800 .... 10,000 ....= 13,800 

L. Ilagenaers & Co 5,800 ... 4,300 ....= 10,100 

Edmumd Reeks & Co 3. 700 1,000 500 4,300= 9,500 

Total i6i,q-)0 36,100200,000 i:,ooo= 409,000 

[Note.— The steamer Dunstan^ from Par.'i, is due at New Vork. October e 

with 370 tons Rubber. 1 * 



PARA RUBBBR via EUROPE. 

POUNUS. 

Skit, J.-Hy the .i;iiriicii,'i = t'(ililail Bolivar: 

Tliebaml HrolluM-8(Flue). 7,500 

TUebaud Brothers (Coarse) J.OOO 9,500 

Ski-t. .',— By the /yiicania= Liverpool: 
Poel & Aruold (I'aiicho) ... 66,000 

Sept. u.— Bytlie t'fdrtcs Liverpool : 
Feel & Arnold (Caucho) 80,000 

Ski-t. II.— By the E(ri(ria=I.lverpool; 

(ieorge A. Alden S Co. (Caucho) 47,000 

Wallace L. (iough (Fine) 4,500 61,500 

Sbpt. 25.— By the L'mhrin=Llverpool: 
New York Commercial Co. (Coame) . 5,000 

OTHER ARRIVALS ATNEW YORK. 

CENTRALS. 

POUNDS. 

Alio. 25.— By the Rio OraJide=Moblle: 
A. N. Kathol?. 8,300 

Alio 3(i — By the <Si;(/uranca=Colon : 

G. Amstiick & Co 2,700 

.1. A. Medina & Co 1,900 

Meyer Hecht 1,800 

Miinn fi Knidou 1,100 

Lanman & Kemp .500 8,000 

Ai'G. 2(5.— By the ri(;i!oncia= Mexico: 

E.Stelgei&Co 2,500 

Ilarbur(!er«i Stack 1.800 

strube \ Uitzc 4,000 

.1 W. Wilsou&Co 1,300 

H.Maniuarnt Jt Co 1,000 

laaac Kubie&Co .500 

Araerleau Trading Co 500 ll,60(i 

Aug. M.— By the Tcrence=Bahla: 

Hlrsch& Kaiser 47,000 

American Commercial Co .I.OOO 52,000 

Auo. ,10.- BytheSnrnia=Costa Rica: 

U. Amsmck&Co 2,500 

Mecke&Co 2.000 

Andreas&c;o 1,000 

Isaac Brandon <■ Bros 500 6,000 

Auo. .11 .—By the Hat)a)ia=Colo» : 

HIrzel, Feltnianft Co 8.200 

(). Amsliick fiVo 6,700 

.1 A. Medina ,V Co 3.400 

Diiinarertt Bros & Co 3,300 

Koldan & Van Sickle 2,8()0 

A. M. Capen'sSons 2,700 

Charles E. (Jriffln 2 000 

A.Santos&Co 1,800 

K. B. Strout 1,700 

Lawrence .loliusuu^Co 1,200 

Mann & F.nulon 700 

1). A. l)eLima& Co 600 

Meyer Hecht 600 34,500 

Auc. 31.— By the San afarco8=MoblIe: 

A. T. Morse & Co 6,500 

Manhattan Rubber Mfg. Co 1.500 8,000 

SEtT.2.— By the l'Hca?<in=Mexlco: 

H. Marquardt& Co 2,000 

Thebaud Brothers 2,600 

Harburgerft Stack 1,300 

E. N.TIbbals &Co I,0«0 

E. Stelrer&Co 600 

Fred. Probst SCO 500 T,8ii0 

Sept. 6.— By the ^(I«ance=Colon: 
HIrzel, Feltman&Co 14,000 



( -Ky TliA LS- Con linucd. 
.Sept. 6.— By the ^!lei;hani/=Colombl»: 

1). A. l)eLlma& Co . I,.'i00 

(i. Arnsluck & Co 1,500 

ltd. Ian .t Van .Sickle 1,300 

Banco Kxportasos 1.200 5,600 

Sept. 7— By the SoWiie= Mobile: 

A. T Morse A Co ,3,000 

Manhattan Rubber Mfg. Co 2,0l0 6.000 

Sept. 9. -By the .V(i<aii2a«=Mexlco: 

II. .Maniuardt & Co 1,000 

Craliain, Hlnkley A Co 500 

Furopean Aocount 22,.'i0O 2»,00n 

Sept. U.— By the JUexico= Colon: 

Lawrence .lohnsoD &Co 10.400 

E. B. Stroul 8,000 

J. A. Medlna& Co 5.600 

(i. Anislnck 4(;o 4 000 

HIrzel, Keltinan & Co 7,000 

A.M.Capein Sons 3,700 

Roldan & Van .Sickle. 3,100 

American Trading Co 2,900 

Sllva, Busienlus &Co 2.200 

Dninarest Hnis. & Co 1,800 

OttoCerrtau 1,200 

A.Santos&Co 1,000 

Smlthers. Nordenholt & Co 800 

Mann & Emdon 700 

W. Loiilza&Co 800 .53,100 

Sept. 12.— By the i.ampnsa»=Moblle: 

Manhattan Rubber Mfg Co 4,000 

A.T.MorseACo 3.000 

A. N. Rotholz 2,000 9.000 

Skpt. 13.— By the S»biria=Colombia: 

« Amslnck&Co 1,800 

Banco de ExDoitasos 1,>^H) 

II. B. Clallln&Co l.OdO 4.60" 

Sk.pt. 13.— By the Colderon=Bahia: 

H I rsch & Kaiser 66,000 

American Coommerclal Co 25,000 90,000 

Skpt. 16.— By the £speran2a= Mexico: 

Tbebaud Brothers 1.500 

E. Stelger* Co I.IOO 

Harbnrger & Stack 1,300 

H. Mar(|uardt& Co 700 

E. N.Tibbals Co .500 .5.100 

Sept. 10.- By the /Ye«oria=Haml)urg: 
General Rubber Co 20,000 

Sept. 18.— By the .4([ianca=Colon : 

Piza, Nephews & Co .3.500 

Mann & F.indon 3,000 

E.B. Strout 1,500 8,000 

Sept. 18.— By the AUal=Costa. Rca: 

A.A.Lindo&Co 1,000 

H. B. ClallluA Co 1,200 

Kunbardt&Co BOO 2,700 

Sept. 18— By the Gero=Colon: 

G. Amslnck&Co 20 000 

HIrzel, Feltman & Co 18,500 

Kggers* Helnleln 600 39,000 

Sept, 19.— By the renni/8on=Bahla: 

J. H. Rossbach & Bros 43,000 

HIrsch & Kaiser 16,000 

American CommercialCo 4.000 

Lawrence Johnson* Co L.'iOO 

A. 1). Hitch &C0 1,500 66.000 

Sept. 19.— By the Rio Orande=Mob\le: 

A. T. Morse & Co 9..-1OO 

European Option 20,000 2fl,."<IO 

Sept. 21.— By the Coinu»=New Orleans: 
Manhattan Rubber Mfg. Co 2,000 



CJCN TliA LS- Chntimud. 

HEPT.23.-By ii\eCi(|/of ITashinolons Mexico : 

H. Muripiardt & Co j,'_.oo 

American Trading Co 1000 

Harburuerid Stack rM 

K.StelL'er & Co rM 

Fred I'rolift & Co ." 600 

Kuropean Option 22,.500 26,300 

Skpt. 23— By the 7'<«(onie=Llverpool: 

George A. Alden S Co 6.500 

Sept. 25.— By the 7f(iiJana=CoUin : 

niizel, Feltman & Co ai.HOO 

G. Amslnck & Co 16 000 

American Trading Co 3,600 

Mann&Kmdou 2.500 

Roldan & Van Sickle i'.^u 

Dninarest Bros. & Co 1,000 

A.M (^apen'sSon 'giiQ 

Isaac Brandon & Bros 600 47,300 

AFRICANS. 

POUNDS. 

Auo.28.-By the (;eft(.,'= Liverpool : 

A.T. Morse&Co 22,500 

George A. Alden & Co 2,600 25,000 

Aug. 28.— By the La 7>)urain«= Havre: 

George A. Alden & Co 22.600 

General Rubber Co . 11,000 39,600 

Aug. 28— By the 0(;e(jT»ic= Liverpool: 

A. T. Morse & Co 17.000 

Poel & Arnold 14.000 

Wallace L. Goueh 5.(00 

Robinson & Tallman 3.600 33.5(X) 

Ai'O. 30.-By the /}i8mnrcfc=Hambnrg: 

Poel £ Arnold 4,500 

George A. Alden & Co 2,500 7,000 

Sept. I. By the Panin«H(ar= Lisbon: 

General Rubber Co 82,000 

Sept. 5 —By the CeBfc=^ Liverpool: 
PoelA Arnold 15,000 

Sept. fi.— By the Fadc»Iand= Antwerp: 

Poel & Arnold 90,000 

A.T. Morse&Co 76.000 

Rubber Trading Co 20,000 185,000 

Sept. .5.— By the Bruc/ier= Hamburg: ■ 
Robinson& Tallman 10.000 

Skit. ".-By the .l/<i,jfs<ic= Liverpool: 

General Rubber Co 22.500 

Poel & Arnold 15.000 

A. T. Morse* (;o 11. .50(1 

George A. Alden & Co 7.000 

Earle Brothers 4,000 00,000 

Sept. 8 —By the Pn^rtcia^Hamburg: 

A.T. Morse&Co 20,000 

George A. Alden &Co 15 000 

A. W. Brunn 5.000 

Poel A Arnold 3,500 43,600 

Sept. 11.— By the //O Brc<agn«=Havre: 
General RubberCo 25,000 

Sept. 11.— By the t'«dn'c= Liverpool: 

A.T. Morse&Co 45 000 

Robinson & Tallman 2,000 47,000 

Sept. U.— By the Kroonfand- Antwerp: 

George A. Alden A Co 230,000 

General UublierCo 155 000 

Robinson & Tailman 36,000 420,000 

Sept. 11.— By the FHchai^Bordeaux: 
A. T, Morse & Co 11,500 



34 



THE INDIA RUBi^ER WORLD 



[October i, 1905. 



AFRICANS— Continued. 

Skpt. H— By the /Jal(i<.= Liverpool: 
FOBI& ArnolU 17 BOO 

Skpt. H.— By the Cai-p(i«/iia:«Llverpool: 

Geo. A. Allien & Co 4.'>.000 

OeiieralKubberCo 30.000 

A.T. Morse* Co 11,500 

VVlDdmuller ^<li Reolker 2,600 89,000 

Sept. 16.— By the i'r«<orio= Hamburg: 

General Rubber Co 48.000 

Ueorge A. Alden «t Co 18.0S0 

Kubber Trading Co 2,000 68,000 

Skpt. 8.— By the Z««Iand= Antwerp: 

Poel A Arnold 45.000 

AT. Morse & Co 35,000 

George A. Alden ft Co 27,000 

Kubber Trading Co 2J.0()O 

Ainerman'& Patterson 19,ouo 148,(00 

Skpt. 19.— By the Jtre<aba= London : 
General Rubber Co ii,0(j() 

Skpt. 21.— By the Oraf iroIdcr8e«= Hamburg: 

I'.eneral Kubber Co HO.ooo 

George A. Alden & Co 45,000 

Poel S Arnold 13,000 198,000 

Sept. 23.— By the Teu<on<c=UverpooI. 

Poel £ Arnold 17,500 

A. T. Morse & Oo 4.500 

Wallace I,, (iough 4,500 

George A. Alden & Co 5.500 32.000 

Skpt. 25.— By the /-o G'a»co|/nc= Havre: 

General Kubber Co U.SdO 

A. T. Morse A Co 4,.SOO 16.000 

EAST INDIAN. 

AUO. 28.— By the St. Paul=LoDdoD: 

Poel ft Arnold 3,000 

Robinson &TalIman 1,600 4,500 

Sept. 2.— By the New Tork=LondoB: 

PoeUlc Arnold 6,600 

George A. Alden & Co 4,000 10.500 



AM .ST JNniA y—OmlinvnI. 

Sept. 6.— By the iWonIro»e=Slngapore: 

Pierre T. Belts 20,000 

Robert Branss& Co I7,50n 

A.T. MorteftCo 11.5U0 

Winter & Sinlllle 5,000 54,000 

Skpt. 15.— By the iVorclpo!=Slngapore: 

Robert Branss ft Co 15.000 

Heabler&Co 13 5uo 

Poel & Arnold 10,000 

Wallace L. Gough 7.000 

A.T. Moise&t:o 6.5(j0 

VVlnUmuller& Reolker 3,ouo .15.000 

SEPr, ic— By the PhUadelphia=lJ)adou: 

Robinson & Tallman 4,5W) 

Poel ft Arnold 1,500 

Wallace L. (iougli... i.oou 7,000 

Sept. 10 —By the .:We«^6a= London : 

General Rubber Co 13. .WO 

George A. Aldeu A Co 3 500 

Robinson &Tallm.in 1,000 18,000 

(•■utta-jehitonc. 

Skpt.6.— By the .l/on<ro»<=Hlcgapore: 

Robert Brauss&Co 155,000 

Heabler A Co . soo.oOo 

Pierre T. Belts l.'W 000 

George A. Alden ft Co 24^.000 

Robinson & Tallman KW.aw 

Wallace L. Gnugli 125.000 

Winter* Smillle 100,000 l,n5.000 

Sept. 15.— By the iVordpoI=Slngapore: 

He.ibler&Co 200.000 

Pierre T. Belts 175.0 

Robert Branss&Co 135.00(1 

W. R. Russell & Co lOOiOOO 

PoelA Arnold 95 000 

George A. Alden & Co M.ooo "zo.noo 

GUTTA-PERCHA AND BALATA. 

rovHi>% 
Sept. 2.— By the New ro)h=London: 
Wallace L. Gough I i.ooo 



a VTTA-PEltCHA- Omtimml. 

Sept. 5. -By the /J(uc/i«r= Hamburg : 
ToOrder 11.500 

Sept. 8— By the Montrose ^Singapore: 
Winter & Smillie SO.ooo 

Skpt. 15. -By the JVordpol=8lngapore: 
Poel & Arnold 3,600 

Sept. 21.— By the Graf Jra(d«rs««=Hamhurg: 
ToOrder so.OOo 

Skit. 25.— By lhe.S<. Pau!=London. 

Wallace L. (lough 11.500 

BAI.ATA. 

Au<: 26.— By the Cc«r»c=Llverpool: 

Henry A. Gould Co 10,000 

Earle Brothers 2,000 12,000 

Aic.SO — By the froro?ia=Demerara: 

Charles P. Shllstone 6,000 

(Jtto Heinze 4,60o 9,t00 

Sept. 13 —By the Gcoraic=Ll¥erpool: 

Wiiidmuller & Roelker 13.000 

Earle Brollieis 2,600 

Uenry A. (Jiiukl Co 2.500 18.000 

Skpt. 22.— By the f'onta6e(le=Demerara: 
Charles P. Shllstone 9.000 



CUSTOM HOUSE STATISTICS. 

PORT OK NEW VORK^AUGUST. 
Imports: pounds. value. 

India-rubber 1,201.888 Ji,69i,034 

Gutta-percha 42,361 12,723 

Gutta-Jelutoug(Pontiauak) .. 1,593.969 51.494 

Total 2,841,218 $1,665,261 

Export) : 

India-rubber 94.310 $87.fi64 

Reclaimed rubber 323,:i56 38,702 

RubberScrap Imported 1,809313 »108,660 



OFFICIAL STATISTICS OF CRUDE INDIA-RUBBER (in Pounds) 





UNITED STATES. 






GREAT BRITAIN. 




HOHTHI. 


IMFOKTS. 


BXPOXTS. 


NBT IMPORTS. 


HOHTHI. 


IHPOKTS. 1 EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS' 




2,547.685 
39,834,796 


260,506 
1,574,030 


2.287.179 
38,260,766 




4,841,088 i 2,413,040 
32,678,688 1 18,032.680 


2,428.048 

I4. 646. ool 










Seven months, 1905 

Seven months. looj 






42.382,481 
37.689.032 
35.539.720 


1,834,536 
1,979,724 

1.751.513 


40.547,945 
35,709,308 
33.788,207 


37,519.776 
34,992,048 
32,200 112 


20,445,720 
19.453.286 
23.013.872 


17,074,056 
15,538,762 

Q,t86,240 


Seven months, 1904 


Seven months, 1903 


Seven months, 1903 



GERMANY. 








ITALY. 






MOHTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS. 


HOHTHS. 


IHPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS. 


July. 1905 

January- June 


3,448.940 
22,835.120 


1,091,860 

7,363,840 


2.357.080 
15,471,280 


July, 1905 


99.660 

854,700 


29.040 

118,580 


70,620 
736,120 


January-June 

Seven months, 1905 

Seven months, 1904 

Seven months, 1903 


Seven months, 190S 

Seven months, 1904 

Seven months. 1903 


26,284,060 
20.281,680 
21,163,560 


8,455,700 
5,848.700 
7,211.160 


17,828,360 
14,972,980 
13,952.400 


954.360 

901,120 

1,021.240 


147,620 

73.480 

100.760 


806,740 
827.640 
920,480 





FRANCE.* 






AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. 




MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS. 


months. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS. 




1,876,820 
14.586,000 


1.554.300 

7,923.520 


322,520 
6,662,480 


July, 1905 :. 


272.580 
1,570,360 


5,060 
16,280 


267,520 
1,554.080 


January-June 


Seven months, 1905 

Seven months. 1904 

Seven months, 1903 




Seven months. 1905 

Seven months, 1904 

Seven months, 1 903 


16,462,820 

12.802.680 

9,651.840 


9,477,820 
7,388,260 
5,300,020 


6.985,000 
5,414,420 
4.351.720 


1,842,940 
1,757.140 
1,723,480 


21.340 
14,740 
16,720 


1,82 [,600 
1.742.400 
1,706,760 



BELGIUM. 




MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS, 


NET IMPORTS. 


Note. — German statistics include Gutta-percha, Balata, 


July, 1905 

January-June 


8,849,086 


6,623,102 


2,225,984 


old rubber, and substitutes, French. Austrian, and Italian 
figures include Guttapercha. The exports from the United 
States embrace the supplies for Canadian cousumption. 

* General Commerce. t Special Commerce. 


Seven months, 1 905 

Seven months, 1904 

Seven months, 1903 


6,031.542 
5,379,251 


S. 154,098 

3,908,302 


877.444 
1.470.949 



i 



October i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



LI 



HIGH GRADE RUBBER GOODS 



BELTING 

PACKINGS 

VALVES 

VALVE SHEET 

TUBING 

and 

GASKETS 



(MADE IN CANADA) 






RUBBER HOSE 

-FOR- 

WATER 
SUCTION 
STEAM 
AIR 

Fire Protection 
ACIDS 
BREWERS 
Pneumatic Tools 

SATISFACTORY \ 

.. IN .. > 

SERVICE ) 



Sole Manufacturers of the celebrated "MALTESE CROSS" and "LION" Brands Rubbers. 
The best fitting, best wearing and most stylish rubber footwear on the market. 



ESPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO EXPORT ORDERS= 




H. D. WARREN, 

President and Treasurer. 
C. N. CANDEE, 
Secretary. 

Mention TIte India Rubber World when you uirite. 



The Gutta Percha & Rubber Mfg. Go. of Toronto, Ltd. 

Head Offices— 47 Yonge Street. TORONTO, CANADA. 



= = THE = = 

GRANBY RUBBER CO. 

RUBBER BOOTS, SHOES, AND CLOTHING. 



S. H. C. MINER, President, 
J. H. McKECHME, Qen'l Hgr. 



Factories: GRANBY, QUEBEC. 



Mention 7*he India Rubber World when you \ 



Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale, 

AGRICULTURAL, SCIENTIFIC, COnHERCIAL. 

PUBLISHED BY 

J. VILBOUCHEVITCH, 

10, Rue Delambre, Paris, (France.) 



Subscription : One Year, = 20 Francs. 

The Journal of Tropical Agriculture deals with all branches of 
tropical cultivation, giving prominence to the planting of Caoutchouc and the 
scientilic study of Caoutchouc species. The Journal is international in 
character, and is planned especially to interest readers in all lands where the 
French language is spoken or read. 

Mention The India Rubber World wtien you write. 



R 



Coffee Lv 



UBBER AND COFFEE LANDS. 



' I 'HE Mexican Land and Colonization Company owns 
several hundred thousand acres of land suitable for 
Rubber and Coffee in the State of Chiapas, Mexico. The 
majority of the coffee plantations in Soconusco now pro- 
ducing largely were originally purchased from this Company 
also La Zacualpa and other rubber plantations. 
For further particulars apply to 

O. H. HARRISON, 

Spreckels Annex, 713 Harket Street, SAN FRANCISCO, 
afentxm the inata uuooer Wmria ««mw vw ww 



II 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^VORLD 



[November i, 1905. 



ESTABLISHED 1854. 



Floor Area of 

Factories and Warehouse, 

21 Acres. 




The Largest Rubber Factory 

In Canada, and one of 

the Largest in the 

World. 



TRADE MARK 



THE CANADIAN RUBBER COMPANY 

OF MONTREAL Limited 



MANUFACTURERS OF ALL KINDS OF 



High Grade Mechanical Rubber Goods 



AND SOLE MAKERS OF THE 



^^l^kE^l^** CANADIAN" Rubbers. 

SHOE output: 15,000 PAIRS DAILY. 

Belting, Hose, Packing, Rubber Tires, Both Solid and Pneumatic, 

Li^ht Mechanical and Moulded Rubber Goods, For Automobiles, Carriages and Bicycles, 

Druggists' Sundries, Carriage Cloth, Clothing and Proofing. 

Sporting and Stationers' Goods, Plumbers' Goods, Patent Tiling, 

Horse Shoe Pads, Rubber Heels. Everything in Rubber Specialties. 

FIRE HOSE AND FIRE DEPARTMENT SUPPLIES. 

Sole Agents in Canada for The Fabric Fire Hose Co., N. Y. 
Factory and Executive Offices: MONTREAL, QUEBEC. 



We are always open to correspond 
with experienced Robber men, 
both for Factory and Executive 
Work. 



Sales Branches: 
HALIFAX, N. S., 
MONTREAL, Que., 
TORONTO. Ont., 

WINNIPEG, Man., 
VANCOUVER, B. C. 

D. LORNE McQIBBON, Qen'l Hgr. 

Afention The India Rubber World wtien you write. 



Inventions kindred to the Trade 
and ideas for development in- 
vited. Our Development De- 
partment gives these matters 
special attention. 



November i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



35 




DRAWBACKS TO THE RUBBER TRADE. 



Fablished on the Ist of eaoh Month b; 

THE INDIA RUBBER PUBLISHING CO. 

No. 150 NASSAU ST.. NEW YOEK. 



HENRY C. PEARSON, 

EDITOR. 



HAWTHORNE HILL, 

ASSOCIATE. 



Vol. 33. 



NOVEMBER 1, 1905. 



No. 2. 



8UBBOKIPTION8 : tS.OO per year, tl.7S (or six nioutli!), postpaid, furtbe United 
States and Canada. Foreign countries, same price. Special Kates for 
Clubs of five, ten or more subscribers. 

^DVERTiBiNo: Kates will be made kiiown on application. 

Rbmittanckh: Should alwujs be made by bank draft. Post OIBce Order' or 
Express Money orders on New York, payable toTiiK India Kubbek 
Publishing CoMi'A.vv. Kemlttances for foreign subscriptions sbould 
be sent by International Post order, payable as above. 

COPYRIGHT, 190$, BY 

THE INDIA RUBBER PUBLISHING CO. 

Entered at New York Post Office as mall matter of tbe second-class. 

TABLfc OF CONrtNIS. 

PAGE. 

■dltorlftl: 

Drawbacks to tbe Rubber Trade 3."i 

Minor Editorials .3(i 

Literature of India-Rubber 38 

Obituary -General William H. Skirm 38 

The India-Rubber Trade in Great Britain. Our lUuular Correspondent 39 
[Travel Notes— To Budapest. Recovery of Vulcanized Rubber. Treat- 
ment of Pontianak. Vulcanizing With Chloride of Sulphur. Extend- 
ed Use of Rubber Hose. The Newspapers and India-Rubber. Trade 
News Notes ] 

Cleaning Buildings by Sand Blast — Frank L. Blanchard 41 

Women s Work in Rubber Factories 42 

Caucho and " Castilloa Ulei '' Warburg Dr. Werntr Each 43 

Crude Balala Dutiable 44 

Rubber Cargo Lost on the Amazon 45 

The So-Called " Colorado " Rubber . 46 

Progress of Rubber Planting 47 

[Notes from Ceylon and the Malay States. Straits Settlements. Horreo. 
Mexico. Soutli America. [ 

Amazon '■ Para" Kubber and its Contents. 49 

Yield of Planted ' Para " Kiibber 50 

Planting Money Instead of Rubber 50 

Eecfint Rubber Patents 51 

[United States. Great Britain. France.] 

New Goods and Specialties in Rubber 53 

[The Coile liath Tub. Dr. TuUar's French Douche. Peerless Rubber 
Wainscoting. Stearns's Puncture Resisting Tire. New Automobile Ap- 
parel. A New Style m Fountain Syiinges. " Peerless '• Sponge Land- 
ing Pad. '* Hemisphere " Cuspidor Mats.] 

[With II Illustrations.] 

Rubber Interests in Europe 55 

[\ Swiss Factory. Gutta Gentsch in England. Fire at Harburg. Notes.] 
(With I Illustration ] 

The Textile Goods Market 63 

New Trade Publications . . . 63 

Uiscellaneous ; 

Contjoconsul to tbe United States 37 

Insurance of Ocean Cable 37 

Tire Kepalrlng in Akron . 37 

Weaving Curved Elastic Fabrics 37 

Can You Predict Knbber Weather ? F.R.tf'at 37 

"Tainted Money " for Rubber Boots 37 

Guita-Percha from the Philippines 38 

The ^ewest Atlantic Cable .. 44 

Tht> Colorado Rubber Game 46 

Rubber ."Stoppers and Appendicitis ...... S. P. Snarjilex 46 

Rubber for Cliannel Cements 46 

Progress In Colombia 54 

The •• New Era" steam Irap. (lUuKlratea) 66 

Automatic Wrapping Machines. i'Uustrattd) 66 

A Rubber Polo Bal' 66 

A Matter Worth Looking Into 63 

Candy Barred from a Kiibbfr Mill 63 

India-rubber Goods In Commerce 63 

Vaccuum Drying of Rubier I /(/inflated) 64 

News of the American Rubber Trade 57 

[With I Illustration.] 

The Akron Rubber Trade ra 

Review of the Crude Rubber Market 64 



I N another column is reported the loss on the Amazon, 
•*• a few hours above i'ara, of a steamer carrying 2iotons 
of rubber, worth locally perhaps near $400,000. Such oc- 
currences are not frequent, though within a year the Ama- 
zon Steam Navigation Co. have lost on the Pun'is two 
Steamers worth $130,000. But they are liable to occur at 
any time, for navigation on the Amazon and its chief 
branches is not all plain sailing. The most recent disaster 
was due to a collision, at a point where the Amazon is a sea 
rather than a river, between two steamers which had been 
hid from each other's view while rounding an island. Some 
of the rivers are badly obstructed by cataracts — notably 
the Madeira, on which it has been asserted that one-fourth 
of the rubber sent down from Bolivia is sunk and lost. 

.\nother piece of news from the .Vmazon relates to serious 
damage by storm to a government boat between .Manaos 
and Par;i, after which, and apart from the effects of the 
storm, the boat ran aground and required assistance, for 
which payment had to be made. This boat, by the way, 
was following a merchant steamer with a cargo of rubber 
of disputed origin, payment of export duties on it being 
claimed both by Amazonas state and the Federal adminis- 
tration in the Acre. 

These matters we refer to as illustrating the drawbacks 
to the trade in crude rubber which exist in addition to the 
remoteness from commercial centers of the rubber forests 
and the natural conditions which accentuate the labor 
problem. After the rubber is harvested, there are serious 
risks in transportation, while the attention which the tax 
collectors give to the business does not tend to encourage 
enterprise. 

Nor is the list of drawbacks exhausted. The treacher- 
ous nature of the river bed still renders the Amazon cable 
line useless for much of the time, so that the interior rub- 
ber centers often are cut off from communication to an ex- 
tent which seriously handicaps trade. It may be added 
that a glance at the recent extensive report, by the learned 
director of the Para Museum, on the 14 species of Amazo- 
nian mosquitoes — including the yellow fever disseminat- 
ing kind — all pictured in colors and in heroic size, would 
suggest to some minds a serious drawback to rubber gath- 
ering where such pests abound. 

There are continually brought to our notice opportuni- 
ties for the investment of capital in rubber estates — devel- 
oped or otherwise — in the Amazon valley, and on paper 
some appear very attractive. Gather so much rubber at 
one price and sell it another (and higher) price, and one 
cannot fail to grow rich. But none of the prospectuses 
takes into account such drawbacks as are referred to con- 
stantly in our pages, not from motives of discouragement, 
but simply as a result of the ordinary work of newsgather- 
ing, which is our province. 

The fact that in spite of all these difficulties so much 
forest rubber is produced proves how necessary rubber 
has become to the world ; if the cost were twice as great, 
rubber would still be demanded. AVithout doubt the ex- 



36 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[November i, 1905. 



ploitation of Amazon rubber yields profits to the people 
concerned in it, else the supply would cease. No doubt, 
also, many operators and investors suffer losses, just as is 
true in gold mining. And these losses are most apt to fall 
upon people who live abroad, or who have not become 
familiar with the business as a result of costly experience. 
Hence it is not strange that rubber concessions find so 
few ready buyers. 

Many drawbacks to the rubber business ought in time to 
be overcome. To tell the truth, the Amazon valley is prob- 
ably not less fitted now for the residence of Europeans 
than was the Mississippi valley 300 years ago, considering 
the advance science has made in sanitation, in engineer- 
ing, and in other lines. All South America will be thickly 
populated in time. But this is no encouragement to the 
buying of wilderness rubber farms to-day, too remoteforthe 
investors to keep in touch with them, and under the jurisdic- 
tion of governments ineffective in the matter of protection, 
indisposed to give aliens fair treatment, and concerned 
about rubber only in ta.xing the traffic oppressively instead 
of adopting a policy of assisting its present and future de- 
velopment. It is this same governmental policy, that, as 
much as anything else, promises to lose to Amazonia its 
preeminence as a source of the world's supply of rubber. 



Ceylon plantation rubber has begun to appear at 
the Antwerp auctions. But nowadays rubber from every source 
figures in the important sales there. What is of much more 
consequence is the recent formation of a large company by 
Belgian capitalists to acquire several productive plantations of 
" Pard " rubber in the Malay States. This action we suspect to 
be the result of an exhaustive study made during the past two 
years by a member of a large Antwerp firm who have been an 
important factor in the crude rubber market there from its in- 
ception. Recognizing the imminence of a decline in produc- 
tion of rubber on the Belgian-owned concessions in Africa, an 
expedition was organized to study the conditions, present and 
prospective, of rubber production in every country, in order to 
determine the most promising field for the investment of a part 
of the capital which now yields less returns in the Congo than 
formerly. The conclusions reached were that the world's hope 
for, rubber supplies lies ultimately in planting, and that, for 
the present at least, the Far East offers the best field for in- 
vestments in rubber culture by Belgians. The new company 
mentioned in our news columns this month is the first result. 



We have heard people express surprise that the India- 
rubber trade afforded enough " news " to call for the regular 
publication of a journal devoted to that interest alone. We do 
not recall any month, however, when something really new in 
connection with the rubber business has not transpired, and it 
has been our pleasure as well as privilege to aid in giving the 
information currency in the trade. For example, we believe 
that this issue of The India Rubber World is the first jour- 
nal to report the discovery that Balata is not mentioned in the 
United States tariff schedules, and that the customs powers that 
be have decided that, in default of provision to the contrary, im- 
ports of Balata henceforth are dutiable. Ii may also be " news " 
to the trade^that there is a collector of customs at Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia, though it was through the close scrutiny of this alert 
functionary that the discovery regarding Balata was made. 
What previous record of merit the Norfolk collector may have 



to his credit we cannot say, but it appears that, on having to 
deal for the first time with Balata he tried to swell the national 
treasury reserve by an impost upon it, and his superiors will 
stand by him. It may be that the latest decision in the matter 
will yet be upset; but the Norfolk collector, having had a 
chance to be heard from, has not been caught napping. 



The great development of automobillsm, and the re- 
lated demand for tires, many of them costly, without doubt has 
been the basis of the greatest growth of the rubber industry 
in recent years. There has been nothing comparable to this 
growth in any former period. And it may not have occurred 
to everybody in the trade that France, the home of the automo- 
bile and of the pneumatic motor tire, no longer leads in the use 
of such vehicles. In New York state alone the number of reg- 
istered automobiles at last accounts exceeded by some 3000 the 
number of registered motors in France, and two other American 
states together show as many registrations as New York. And 
there is no one of the other forty-two states without automo- 
biles, though the lack of registration laws in many states ren- 
ders impossible an estimate of their number. It is no wonder, 
then, that the American market for tires is coming to be re- 
garded with interest by makers everywhere. As for the rubber 
factories, they have further encouragement in the growth of 
the use of rubber tired commercial motors, already a good 
second to the automobile, and destined possibly to exceed it in 
the demand for rubber involved. 



The Vanderbilt cup race on October 14, just outside of 
New York, did not result in an American victory, but that, 
of course, was not the object. The contest did, however, 
stimulate greatly the American interest in automobiling, by 
bringing about a closer competition with foreigners, and giv- 
ing both makers and users of automobiles on this side of the 
Atlantic a better idea of what is needed to put them abreast 
of the most advanced progress made in Europe. The fact 
that the cup goes to France is all the better, provided it 
should next be contested for in that country, by reason of 
the educational efllect upon the Americans who will go over 
to attempt to reclaim the trophy. We feel that, on the whole, 
America has no cause to be ashamed of the showing made 
by the machines entered by home makers or by the work of 
the contestants in the race, while the showing made by the 
American tires was most creditable — and it is this feature of 
the whole business which most concerns the rubber industry. 



The arrivals at Antwerp of rubber from the Congo Free 
State for the first nine months of the current year were smaller 
by 28 per cent, than in the same months of 1901, since which 
year the Congo rubber output has declined steadily. The best 
days of the Congo rubber trade probably have been passed, and 
the days of fabulous profits of the trading companies holding 
concessions in the Free State. The future of the State and the 
condition of the natives do not appeal strongly to the interest 
of the outside world, but where the rubber is to come from to 
replace the supply from the Congo when that is exhausted is a 
question of direct or indirect interest to all workers in or users 
of rubber. 



Alaska appears destined to become of great importance 
to American commerce. It is only a straw which points the di- 
rection of the wind, but it may be worth mentioning that the 
shipment of American rubber footwear to that territory during 
the last fiscal year amounted in value to $166,644, or more than 
2.3 per cent, on the $7,200,000 which the United States paid to 
Russia for Alaska. 



November i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



37 



CONGO CONSUL TO THE UNITED STATES. 



THE appointment of Mr. James Gustavus Whiteley, of Bal- 
timore, Maryland, by the king of the Belgians as consul 
of the Congo Free State in the United States was reported in 
The India Rubber World, October i, 1904 (page 21). Ouite 
recently Mr. Whiteley has been raised to the rank of consul 
general, in recognition of services to the Congo state. He will 
now have charge of Congo interests throughout the United 
States, besides which this appointment makes him dean of the 
consular corps resident at Baltimore. Mr. Whiteley sailed on 
October 10 (or Brussels on official business. Mr. Whiteley is a 
widely known writer on legal and economic topics and has rep- 
resented the United Stales in several international congresses. 
Among other important bodies to which he belongs is the In- 
stitute of International Law, the membership of which includes 
Baron Kaneka, who lately visited the United States as an agent 
of the mikado of Japan, and Dr. Frederic de Martens, who acted 
in behalf of Russia in drafting the treaty of peace at Ports- 
mouth. 



INSURANCE OF OCEAN CABLES. 



THE submarine cable despatched from London to the 
Mexican Telegraph Co., and arriving at Galveston, 
Texas, by the steamer Faraday in June [See The India 
Rubber World, July i, 1905, page 349], measured 900 nauti- 
cal miles and was insured in London on a valuation of ;^ioo,ooo 
[=$486,650]. In accordance with the terms of the contract 
underwriters were liable for partial or total loss of the cable 
not only while loading and in transit, but also during laying 
and repairing operations. Unlike ordinary cargo shipments 
the total value of the cable at risk diminishes as laying opera- 
tions proceed. Underwriters have no further interest in cable 
expended, as the same is then uninsured. It generally hap- 
pens, however, that the length of cable shipped provides a 
surplus at the termination of the work of laying and repairing. 
This, of course, is covered by the original insurance, which, in 
in the case of the Faraday, expired on the delivery of any 
spare cable at Galveston. The insurance was accepted at a 
premium which was quite moderate notwithstanding the fact 
that the transport and work were effected by a steamer over 30 
years of age. 

TIRE REPAIRING IN AKRON. 



[kROM the AKRON (OHlo) " TIM F.S-DtMOCRAT. "] 

•' ' I "HOUGH it has been the impression for a number ol 
A years and it is still believed in many quarters that the 
pneumatic tire is not a success and that the really practicable 
tire remains to be invented, it is true that the rapid advance 
that has been made in methods of repairing tires has had much 
to do with removing this condition," said a well known local 
rubber man to a reporter for the Times Democrat. 

" Akron has been the place where many of the tire repairing 
inventions have been made. There was a time, once, in the 
early days of the bycicle craze, when more pneumatic tires 
were repaired in Akron than in any other place on the conti- 
nent. Tires from Mexico and from Canada, tires from Califor- 
nia and from Maine came into the big Akron rubber shops for 
repairs, and their owners simply waited until they came back. 

" And the first repairs were crude. Sometimes they did not 
last until the tires were out of the factory. But ibis has all 
been changed. Now it is common to take one of the big auto 
tires that are made in Akron, cut a faulty or injured section 



right out of it, build in another, vulcanize it so that the repair 
is really a part of the original tire, and send the tire back to 
the owner, good as new and as strong as when it was first made. 
"The modern system of tire repairing has opened a field 
for much special machinery for this purpose, and some of the 
Akron machine shops are profiting largely by this kind of 
work." 



WEAVING CURVED ELASTIC FABRICS. 



T N the specification of British letters patent No. 9510 (1904), 
A H.J. Gaisman, of New York, says that narrow elastic fabrics 
having rubber or other elastic strands interwoven longitudi- 
nally with the warp and weft threads, are woven with the elastic 
strands on one side of the central line thicker than those on the 
other side, or with the elastic strands graduated in size from 
one selvage to the other. When the fabric is in its normal con- 
dition the thick strands tend to draw the fabric towards one 
side, and thereby cause it to assume a curved form as indicated 
by dotted lines. The strands on one side may be put under 
greater tension in the loom, or the strands may vary in elastic- 
ity from one selvage to the other. The fabrics may be used for 
braces or suspenders, garters, armlets, and the like. When the 
fabrics are used for straps of braces, the convex edges of the 
two straps are connected at their meeting point by stitching or 
otherwise. 



CAN YOU PREDICT RUBBER WEATHER ? 



I^Othe Editor of The India Rubber World; As an 
amateur farmer, 1 am interested in the weather. I have 
gathered meteorological data for years but have not as yet found 
the slightest basis on which to ascertain the state of the 
weather even twelve hours ahead. 

The government weather predictions are very faulty, and as 
many laymen claim they can predict the weather more accu- 
rately than the weather bureau, without any of the elaborate 
apparatus of the government, I hereby appeal to all the weather 
prophets of this country to enter a thirty day contest for a 
cash prize of $100 which I will give to whoever predicts the 
weather most accurately and will tell for the benefit of the pub- 
lic by what methods he arrived at his conclusions. If the Ed- 
itor wi!l kindly publish this and aid in advancing the science of 
meteorology, I will be grateful. f. r. fast. 

No. 97 Nassau street. New Voik. October (\ 19^5. 



TAINTED MONEY" FOR RUBBER BOOTS. 



THE recent extended discussion over the propriety of the 
acceptance by educational, religious, and charitable in- 
stitutions of donations from persons whose wealth has been 
obtained by methods morally indefensible, not only has ren- 
dered the term "tainted money" a familiar phrase, but has 
brought to the front other new considerations in ethics. Among 
other things, contributions to "election funds" are likely to be 
viewed in a different way by many people in future. In this 
connection we quote as something rather odd the following 
extract from a letter to the New York Sun, by a correspondent 
whose guide through a rural district was a loquacious livery- 
man, full of information about the methods prevalent there for 
buying votes : 

" The funniest thing about this election boodle," said he, " is, nine 
out of ten will buy rubber boots with it." On our way back to town, 
late in the afternoon, we met two old fellows, each carrying a brand new 
pair of rubber boots over his shoulders. 



38 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[November i, 1905. 



LITERATURE OF INDIA-RUBBER. 



OBITUARY. 



ENSAIO D'UMA SVNOPSE ESPECIES DO GENERO HEVEA SOU OS 
Pontes de Vism Svstcmatico e GcoRraphico. Pelo Dr. J. Huber. [A reprint 
from Boletitii do Mustu Cirtdi—\'o\. IV. (1905) Pp. 620-651.] fParfi: 1905.] 

DR. HUBER, in this paper, has dealt with a vast amount of 
data bearing upon the genius Jlevea. involving the de- 
tails relating to no less than 21 species, enumerated by half a 
dozen authorities, and among other things considers their geo- 
graphical distribution. Such work cannot fail ultimately to 
prove of much practical value, and Dr. Huber's essay carries us 
further toward a systematic understanding of the subject than 
any one work that has appeared hitherto. 

HAWAII AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION, HONOLULU- 
Press Bulletin No. 13. Rubber in Hawaii. [Honolulu : 1905.] [Svo. Pp. 11. 1 

This is stated to be "mainly a compilation fiom the ex- 
tremely valuable monograph on the rubber plants of the world '■ 
by Peter Reintgen : " Die Kautschukpllanzen. Eine Wirtschalts- 
geographische Studie." This important German work, which 
was reviewed in The India Rubber World, June i, 1905 (page 
298), in addition to extensive statistics of rubber production in 
various countries, described the different commercial rubber 
species, and these descriptions have been judiciously condensed 
by Mr. Jared G. Smith, special agent in charge of the Hawaii 
experiment station, so as to form a " bulletin '' sure to prove 
of interest to anybody in that region concerned about rubber 
culture, 

RECHERCHES SUR L'E.XTRACTION DU CAOUTCHOUC DES ECORCES 
et la Coagulation des latex dans les il/ajcar^wAaj/rt. Par H. Jumelle. (Re- 
printed from Le Caoutehouc et la Gutta-Percha, August 15 and September 
15,1905.) Paris: 1905. [8vo. Pp. 17.] 

IN CURRENT PERIODICALS. 

Rkntabilitat einer Guttaperchapflanzung fiir Privatkapital. By W. 
Kolbe. = Z'£r Tropinpjlanzer, Berlin. IX-g {September, 1905). Pp. 519 

-525- 

Observations sur 1' Hcvea daus le Sud-Annam. By Georges Veinet. 
^Journal </' Agriculture Tropicale, Paris. V-51 (September, 1905). 
Pp. 259 262. 

Besuch Javanischer PflanzuDgen — Vergleiche mit S:n:oa. (A visit 
to Javanese plantations; comparisons with Samoa.) By Hermann 
Fiedler. = /'<'r TroptvpJlanzet\ Berlin. IX-io (October, 1905). Pp. 

559-577- 

Ficus elaslica in Angola. By J. Gofsweiler, Loanda. = Z>£V Tropen- 
pjlanzer, Berlin. IX io (October, 1905). Pp. 581-584, 

Women's Work in Rubber Factories : Its Effect on Health. By Ma- 
bel Parton, agent for the Women's Educational and Industrial Union 
of Massachusetts. = T"/;!; Federation Bulletin, Boston. II-6 (March, 
1905). Pp. 186-189. 

OTHER BOOKS RECEIVED. 

OS MOSQUITOS NO PARA. REUNIAO DE QUATRO TRABALHOS 
sobrc OS Mosquitos indigenas principalmente as especies que molestram o ho- 
tnem. Pelo Professor Dr. Emilio Augusto Goeldi. Para : 1905. [4to. Pp. 
l.S4-f 21 plates.] 

The fourth in a series of memoirs of the Pari Museum, in 
natural history and ethnography, is devoted to the study of the 
native mosquitos of the Brazilian state of Paid, and more par- 
ticularly those injurious to man, including the Stegomyia fas- 
ciata, the mosquito which transmits yellow fever. The work 
is illustrated with 144 figures illustrating in detail the develop- 
ment through all the stages of life of the various species, and 
with colored plates showing each of 14 species largely magni- 
fied and in colors. Of the scientific value of the work we are 
not qualified to speak ; as for the manner in which the book is 
put up, it compares favorably with any publication of any scien- 
tific institution elsewhere. We may add that after seeing these 
mosquito portraits we do not wonder at the high price of Para 
rubber. The wonder is rather that men can be found to brave 
these pests in the rubber fields. 



GENERAL WILLIAM H. SKIRM, of Trenton, New Jer- 
sey, died on the evening of October 7 at his home. No, 
124 East Hanover street. He was born in Trenton, January 
17, 1841, and at an early age was employed in the wholesale 
grocery house of Forst tS: Taylor, subsequently becoming a 
member of the firm, under the style of D. P. Forst & Co. He 
became interested in many important business concerns, being 
a stockholder in the Empire Rubber Manufacturing Co., of 
which he was for a number of years president, and also a stock- 
holder in the Trenton Rubber Co. before the reorganization, 
and in the Trenton Oilcloth Co. For something like 25 years 
he was a director and important factor in the Trenton Banking 
Co. He suffered financial reverses in the crash that overcame 
Frank A. Magowan, in the Trenton rubber industry, for whom 
he had been a heavy endorser. 

William H. Skirm in i860 joined Company A, an indepen- 
dent military company which became subsequently part of the 
National Guard, State of New Jersey, and was successively 
lieutenant and captain. In 1900 he was made colonel of the 
Seventh regiment, and later on retiring was commissioned 
brevet brigadier general by Governor Voorhees. He was for 
many years active in politics as a Republican, serving for a 
number of years in the Trenton common council and for six 
years in the state senate, of which he was an influential mem- 
ber and for one year president. He was a delegate to two Re- 
publican national conventions and to many state and local con- 
ventions. He was an active member of the First Methodist 
Episcopal church, being for a long time treasurer of the church 
corporation and a superintendent of the Sunday school. For 
20 years he was treasurer of Pennington seminary, under the 
direction of the Methodist Episcopal conference, and at the 
time of his death was secretary of the Ocean Grove Camp 
Meeting Association. 

General Skirm is survived by his wife, a son. Captain Wil- 
liam H. Skirm, Jr., and a daughter, Mrs. Robert H. Ingersoll. 
The funeral on October 9 was private, services being held at the 
Skirm residence and the interment in Riverview cemetery. 

* * * 

Theodore Van Rensselaer Brown, treasurer of the Mar- 
tin Cantine Co., of Saugerties, New York, died on September 
29, in his fifty-fifth year. He was born in Columbia county, 
N. Y., and for a number of years was Canadian agent of the 
Goodyear Rubber Co. with headquarters at Montreal. The 
Goodyear Rubber Co. of Canada, Limited, were formerly the 
selling agents in Canada of the Goodyear Rubber Co. (New 
York). The title and good will were in time transferred to the 
Granby Rubber Co., Limited, who still keep the title alive. 



GUTTA-PERCHA FROM THE PHILIPPINES. 



TW^ Neiada, a sailing vessel, reached New York in July, 
1903, chartered by the Sulu Trading Co. (San Francisc< ) 
tradmg in the Philippines, its cargo containing copal, motht r 
of pearl, and 3 tons of Gutta-percha. Messrs. W. R. Grace & 
Co. (New York) advise The India Ri;bber World : "A por- 
tion of the lot of Gutta-percha mentioned has been sold.ard 
we know of no later arrivals from the same source." A like 
report comes from London, where the Sulu company also placed 
some material. The Sula company inform The India Rubber 
World : " Our venture was a losing one, and the company is 
practically disorganized. So far as we are informed there is no 
India-rubber in the Philippine islands; there are quantities of 
gutta, but it does not find purchasers." 



November i 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



39 



THE INDIA-RUBBER TRADE IN GREAT BRITAIN. 

By Our Regular Correspondent. 



IT has been my practice for some years past at this season of 
the year to give my readers some account of the rubber 
industry as existing in the particular part of Europe vis- 
ited. At the request of our Editor to add to my former 
series of observations I noted this down as one of the subjects 
to engage my attention. However, I may as well say 
TRAVEL ^j once that the result is practically nil. If I was 
writing for the Guti Maker's Journal on the subject 
of revolvers, or for a tobacconists paper on the cultivation of the 
narcotic weed, I could find plenty of material, but as it happens 
the rubber trade was hardly at all in evidence. There are no 
rubber factories in Bosnia, the Herzejovina, Dalmatia, Monte- 
negro, or .Albanian Turkey, and the exigencies of rapid transit 
did not permit of any visits being paid to factories in Germany, 
Austria, or Hungary. Some of the inhabitants of the above 
countries may have possessed macintoshes or rubber boots, but 
I do not remember having seen anything of the sort in the ex- 
tremely hot weather which prevailed all the time. From this 
point of view it is perhaps rather unfortunate that my tour oc- 
curred in the driest season for fifteen years and one of the hot- 
test within living memory. At Seiajevo, the very Mohomniedan 
capital of Bosnia, I saw in a shop window advertisement cards 
referring to the galoshes of the Russian- American India- Rubber 
Co., of St. Petersburg, and the Liverpool Rubber Co. I may 
remark incidentally that the Servian language and alphabet 
being so closely allied to the Russian makes business more easy 
for the Russians than for the British whose language is not un- 
derstood at all in the large area over which the Servian Croatian 
languages extend. You meet plenty of men in the Near East 
who own up to seven or eight languages, but English is not one 
of them. Recent statistics show that the value of British rub- 
ber goods exported to Bosnia is very trifling and owing to a 
quite recent change in personnel at the consulate in Serajevo 
I was unable to get any ideas as to whether an improvement 
might be expected. As regards Montenegro there was little in 
the appearance of the bronzed warriors of this mountainous 
land to warrant the assumption that the opening of a macintosh 
and galosh store in the village capital would meet with much 
financial success. 

In the last issue some detailed information was given with 

regard to a process for treating rubber scrap at present under 

trial in France, In case any confusion may arise 

RECOVERY OF ^g .^^ ^j^g particular patent I may say that it is of 

VULCANIZED „ , . , . • . ■ , 

RUBBER. rrench origin and is quite distinct from the 
French patent No. 345,926 granted to H. Pen- 
ther, a German. I might also say that the French patent No. 
351,152 granted to Wilkinson, Gubbins, and Ouin, in May of this 
year, has nothing in common with those just referred to. In 
reality it is the 1902 patent granted to R. R. Gubbins for his 
special ^machine for separating fiber and metal from old me- 
chanical rubbers. It was found that the machine, though am- 
ply proving its value, could be improved in some respects and 
the name of Wilkinson and Quin were added to that of the 
original patentee in connection with the French and other for- 
eign patents, the former of these gentlemen being a resident in 
France. The above will serve to put straight any misunder- 
standing which may have arisen as a result of my previous com- 
munication. Turning to the subject generally the editorial on 
reclaimed rubber in the September issue of The India Rub- 



ber World sums up the position appositely. At no previous 
time have the prices of scrap rubber ruled so high* nor has the 
energy of collectors ever made itself so apparent. Of course a 
fall in the price of raw rubber might make a material difference 
in the activities of the numerous collecting agencies but it may 
be taken that the good old days when scrap rubber could be 
had for the trouble of removing are gone never to return. 
While goods bearing the names of well known continental rub- 
ber factories are commonly met with in our collectors' yards a 
good deal of British waste rubber goes to Germany and in 
connection with this foreign business there are financial 
backings which put some collectors in a much more favorable 
position than others. An article which is always in demand 
but of which the supply is limited is the diving dress. These 
have to be carried by every man-of-war though I don't know 
what the case is with regard to other sea going vessels. The 
best rubber is used in their manufacture and the discarded 
goods do not usually show much sign of deterioration. 

Secret processes in connection with rubber are often brought 
before the uninitiated as being a rapid means of acquiring 
wealth. The latest thing of the sort which has come 
PONTiANAK. under my ken is the suggestion to extract the rub- 
ber from Pontianak by means of a chemical pro- 
cess. I have nothing personal against the inventor or the process; 
I am merely skeptical as to how the operation can be made a 
commercial success taking into account the cost of chemicals, 
labor, etc., and the low value of the rubber recovered. I am 
informed that a well known cable company has paid a consid- 
erable sum for the right to use the process and is perfectly 
satisfied with the deal. At the same time I know of other cap- 
italists who after having experiments conducted came to the 
conclusion that the prospects of wealth to be obtained by work- 
ing it were altogether illusory. As regards its resinous and rub- 
ber contents Pontianak is much on a par with potato rubber, 
or Euphorbia gum, as it is also called, and it is difficult to un- 
derstand how the small amount of rubber present in either case 
can pay for its extraction unless the resins are found to have 
a good market value. 

A WRITER in our London contemporary, in discussing the 
disadvantages of the cold cure, recommends the wider adop- 
tion of the chloride of sulphur vapor cure. In 

VULCANIZING experience this has been employed mainly 

WITH CHLORIDE ' ^ f J J 

OF SULPHUR. '" two cases, VIZ,: tobacco pouches and dress 
preservers. In the former case uniform results 
were always obtained, but with the latter this was not so easy 
of attainment, and now and again considerable trouble 
arose through acidity developing. Of course the ammonia 
treatment now so generally adopted may be an entire preven- 
tive of this, but all the same I don't think there is any dispo- 
sition on the part of manufacturers to adopt the chloride of sul- 
phur cure except where it is necessary. In the case of the to- 
bacco pouch the rubber is thicker than in the dress preserver 
and the vulcanization effected is but skin deep. In applying 
the process it is usual to have large rectangular cupboards made 
of wood with sliding front doors ; the pouches are hung on 
wooden rods and there are steam pipes underneath to evaporate 
the chloride and keep the temperature up to the necessary de- 



*This relates of course to Ihe British market, and not to the American.. 
Editor. 



-The 



40 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[November i, 1905. 



gree. Some years ago in certain cases where it was considered 
necessary to cure in the cold it was customary to use some 
strong nitric acid to volatilize the chloride ; but of course this 
was a chemical requiring very careful use and it is not now I 
believe to be met with in this connection. Metal work soon 
gets corroded by the chloride and especially is this the case 
with galvanized iron ; other objections to the chloride are its 
small and corrosive vapor and there is but little disposition to 
extend its application. A good many tobacco pouches are now 
made of sulphured sheet and vulcanized in steam ; especially is 
this the case with the well known Crocodile red pouches of 
Messrs. Warnes. It is generally recognized that the steam 
cured pouch is more lasting than the vapor cured, especially as 
regards liability to split at the joints. The advocate of the va- 
por cure admits that African rubbers require more chloride 
than does Para and I should think that the difficulty in the way 
of deciding what is the right amount to use is against the pro- 
cess. All my experience of the vapor cure has been connected 
with fine rubber alone and here the results were always suffi- 
ciently uniform. 

An interesting article appears in the last issue of this Jour- 
nal relative to dust removed by the vacuum process. This has 
now become firmly established in England, 

'''r'uTb°e^r°hose.°'' '"°'^ particularly perhaps among the 
larger householders to whom the item of 
expense is not a matter of great importance. In the towns, it 
may be mentioned, some little trouble has arisen because of 
people objecting to the thumping of the machinery while the 
house cleaning is in progress. The point, however, which I 
mainly wish to refer to is the suggestion that rubber hose has 
a large field of development, not only with regard to vacuum 
cleaning but especially in the way of laying dust in coal mines 
by the water spray. At first sight the idea seems an admirable 
one; it would undoubtedly tend to lessen the dangers of fiery 
mines, but then there is the new and dreaded disease ankylosto- 
miasis, or miner's worm, to be considered. This has long been 
prevalent in certain German mines and of late years has caused 
British mine inspectors a good deal of anxiety. In order to 
combat its powers of evil it is recommended to keep the work- 
ings as dry as possible, so it will be seen that the enthusiast in 
mine hygiene is on the horns of a dilemma. As regards street 
watering in towns the water cart in general use in England does 
not bring much grist to the rubber manufacturers' mills. In the 
large continental towns I recently visited, notably Vienna, 
Budapest, and Agram. the street watering is all done from 
stand pipes to which are connected long lengths of rubber hose. 
In the Bosnian towns is to be seen the somewhat primitive ar- 
rangement of a water barrel on wheels behind which a man 
walks with a hose-pipe fitted with a hose. In Montenegro dry 
sweeping is occasionally indulged in, but the fastidious might 
urge with truth that a water cart of some sort would greatly 
benefit the principal street of the capital in dry weather. 

On information which appeared to me conclusive, I referred 
in the September issue of The India Rubber World to the 
retirement of Mr. J. K.Burbridge from the 
firm of Messrs. William Warne & Co., 
Limited, of Tottenham and Barking. Mr. Burbridge, however, 
informs me that he is still very much in existence in his old 
position and that the reports which had got into circulation 
had reference to a brother of his who had no connection with 
the India-rubber works. 1 must express my regret to Mr. Bur- 
bridge for the mistake, while nursing my resentment against 
certain parties who shall be nameless in that they were though 
doubtless unintentionally the cause ol my falling into error. I 
may mention that Mr. Burbridge's withdrawal from the post of 



MR. J. K. BURBRIDQE. 



scientific abstractor for the Journal of the Society of Chemical 
Industry was largely due to the other demands upon his time. 
From what I can gatl^er there is no chance of the proposed 
reduction of capital meeting with the assent of the preference 
shareholders. [See The India Rubber World, 
PNETwrTic ^"g"st I, 1905— page 383.] It is necessary for 
TYRE CO. ^200,000 of preference capital to agree before 
the reduction can be carried out and the diffi- 
culty of the situation is augmented by the fact that the pref- 
erence shareholders are to a great extent Irish. The excellent 
trading results shown by the company of course largely reduce 
the importance of the contemplated step, and it will probably 
be found that things will go on as before. 

Messrs. Bourne Brothers, of Harpenden, have recently 
put down an extensive plant for making and repairing motor 
tires. They will also supply rubber strip, etc., to 
cycle repairers. It may be mentioned that a con- 
trolling interest in the firm as newly organized is 
held by Messrs. A. C. Baber & Co., of Bucklersbury, London, 
waste rubber merchants, whose name was mentioned in this 
Journal last month in connection with the bankruptcy of Mr. 
A. V. Stephens. 

The Unity Rubber Co. was registered in London Septem- 
ber 12, with /33,ooo capital in £1 shares (30,000 preferred 
ordinary and 3000 deferred ordinary). The 
RUBBER WORKS, directors. are G. C. Mandleberg. H. L. Roth- 
band, and S. L. Mandleberg, all connected 
with J. Mandleberg & Co., Limited, of Pendleton, Manchester. 
The object is to acquire and operate the plant ol The Hyde 
Rubber Works, Limited, at Woodley, Cheshire. The fact that 
this property has been taken over by Messrs. Mandleberg will 
not surprise a good many in the trade as it has for some time 
been thought probable. The well known waterproof firm have 
for some time been looking out for suitable premises in which 
to carry on the mechanical rubber industry and their business 
reputation should enable the new Unity Rubber Co. to achieve 
greater success than has of late years been associated with the 
Woodley factory. 

The following paragraph in the London correspondence of a 
Lancashire paper of some note is so interesting that it seems 
worthy of reproduction in full : 

A Curious Trade. — A curious form of money 
making is adopted by a London firm. Ragpickers 
and others bring them goloshes and rubber heels that have been thrown 
away. These are sent to America to be converted to other uses, the 
Guttapercha of the goloshes being especially adaptable after a secret 
process of treatment. 

It is noteworthy that whenever the staff of a daily paper get 
on the subject of rubber they usually fall into egregious errors. It 
may be the samewith other technical matters, and my experience 
of the rubber scribe will make me cautious as regards technical 
news generally. I remember discussing the Pacific cable a few 
years ago with a leader writer on a daily paper, and advised 
him to submit his proof to me for correction. This, however, 
he omitted to do, and 1 was not surprised to read some com- 
ments on the cornering of India-rubber at Singapore. There 
is no need to multiply instances such as this, they are too com- 
mon ; but it is permissible to express regret that the general 
writer is so careless in seeking assistance when he is dealing 
with topics which he does not understand. 



AN ITEM OF 
INTELLIGENCE. 



Air Brakes. — An official statement from Washington men- 
tions that 1,845,304 locomotives and cars were in use or. Amer- 
ican railways on June 30, 1904, of which 1,554.772 were provid- 
ed with air brakes, calling for very much rubber hose. 



November 



'905] 



THE INDIA RUBBER "WORLD 



41 



CLEANING BUILDINGS BY SAND BLAST. 



IN a previous article The India Rubber World described 
the various methods employed in cleaning carpets, furni- 
ture, and the interior walls of houses by means of the 
vacuum and compressed air processes. It was shown that 
by the use of certain apparatus all the accumulated dust was 
literally pulled out of its place of lodgement and whisked away 
through a line of rubber hose to a receptacle outside of the 
building without causing the housewife or the occupant of the 
offices where the work is done the slightest inconvenience. 

For cleaning the exterior of buildings an entirely different 
process is necessary, for something beside dirt and dust must 
be removed from the stone surface. In order to give the build- 
ing that has been exposed to the storms and the sunshine for 
15 or 50 or more years a fresh, clean appearance, similar to that 
which it had when first erected, the surface must be scoured 
with sand. Previous to the invention of the sand blast attempts 
were made to remove the marks of the weather by scrubbing 
the stone with soap and water or with chemicals in which 
acids had been dissolved. The results were not usually very 
satisfactory. The surface was often left streaked and discolored 
so that its appearance was worse than before. 

It was quite evident to architects who had studied the matter 
that a different process would have to be employed if the work 
was ever to be done in an artistic and satisfactory manner. It 
was a long time, however, before human invention hit on the 
right way of accomplishing it. 

For many centuries the Arab in crossing the desert with his 
camels had looked upon the monuments of the ancients and 
had seen that the sand which was blown hither and thither by 
the winds was gradually cleaning and polishing their surfaces. 
This fact meant nothing to him because he was satisfied with 
his manner of life, and therefore made no effort to improve his 
condition. He would not know how to apply a scientific fact 
to the betterment of himself or his people. 

But one day an American who was journeying across the arid 
waste saw what the Arab had observed, and it gave him an idea. 
If the wind can drive the sand against a stone and polish its 
surface, why couldn't compressed air be made to do the same 
thing? The more bethought about it the more certain he be- 
came that such a thing was possible. 

When he arrived home in the United States he began work 
on an invention which finally became what is now known as 
the Sand Blast. It was a crude affair at first but was afterwards 
improved by scores of inventors until it is now very nearly 
perfect. 

The first and principal use to which it was put was the re- 
moval of weather stains from the exterior walls of buildings. 
It did its work so quickly and so well that the men who brought 
it into use soon found that they had in their possession a big 
money making device. 

There are now several companies in the field with sand blast 
cleaning processes. One of the most successful is the Ameri- 
can Diamond Blast Co., of which Franklyn M. Wise is presi- 
dent, with offices at No. 114 Liberty street, New York. This 
company is the owner of the Shaver sand blast machine pat- 
ents in the United States, Great Britain, Ireland, Germany, 
Austria, and Belgium. 

The apparatus employed consists of a portable air compres- 
sor to which are attached as many lines of rubber hose as are 
necessary for the work that is being done. For eight nozzles 



through which the sand is blown upon the stone surface five 
lines of '/ inch hose are necessary. After leaving the com- 
pressor the air is forced through a sand reservoir where it picks 
up a quantity of sand and forces it out of the nozzles at a 
pressure of 200 atmospheres. The sand cuts the surface of the 
stone and removes an infinitesimal layer of its substance and 
with it removes all stains, whether of weather or rust or other 
discolorating elements. 

The men who operate the sand blast nozzles are specially 
dressed for the work. Over their heads they wear helmets to 
protect their eyes, nostrils, and face from the particles of sand 
which might otherwise cause them untold agony. Over their 
hands they wear soft gloves, which must necessarily be pliable. 
The swing scafToId upon which the workmen stand is hooded 
above and below so that the flying sand will not fall on pedes- 
trians passing along the street below. The sand is collected 
in the lower part of the hood and conducted through a canvas 
tube to the ground. On a large job i 5 men are required to op- 
erate the portable plant. Each man can clean about 500 square 
feet of surface a day. 

Much of the success of sand blast work depends upon the 
kind of sand used. Clean beach sand is not as effective as 
mineral quartz owing to the fact that it may contain particles 
of iron and moisture. If it contains iron the surface upon 
which the sand is used will after awhile become streaked with 
rust stains. The mineral quartz sand is, however, entirely free 
from iron and possesses greater cutting power because of the 
sharpness of the edges of the particles. 

The American Diamond Blast Co. has during the past few 
months cleaned a number of notable buildings in New York. 
Among them are the Bowling Green building, the County 
Court house, the Hotel Majestic, office of J. Pierpont Morgan 
& Co., and the Alexander residence, at Fifty-eighth street and 
Fifth avenue. 

The sand blast has many other uses besides cleaning the 
outer surfaces of stone buildings. It is employed to remove 
barnacles from the bottoms of ships and rust scales from iron 
bridges. The Erie Railroad Co. recently had all of the bridges 
on its line between New York and Port Jervis cleaned by this 
process. 

It is also used to get a proper surface for holding concrete 
when laying foundations in damp places below the level of the 
ground. It removes moisture, grease, or dirt that may be upon 
it and thus give the concrete a chance to get a grip on the rock. 
Another use to which the sand blast is put is bonding copper 
bonds to steel rails in laying electric railroad tracks. 

Without doubt other ways for utilizing the sand blast will be 
discovered from time to time. Already the demand for rub- 
ber for this new use has become important, and it may reason- 
ably be expected to grow in extent, frank l. blaNCHARD. 



Vulcanization. — Ex-Governor A. O. Bourn, president of 
the Bourn Rubber Co. (Providence, Rhode Island) has for sev- 
eral years past been trying a great variety of experiments in 
vulcanization. To show the range of his work, two extremes 
may be noted. He has certain samples of compounded rubber 
containing no sulphur, that were left in dry heat 211 days at a 
temperature of 105 F. and which were thoroughly vulcanized. 
The antithesis of this was a compounded stock that vulcanized 
in dry heat in ^ minute at 286° F. 



42 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[November i, 1905. 



WOMEN'S WORK IN RUBBER FACTORIES. 



AN investigation of injurious and dangerous trades in which 
women are employed is being conducted by a joint com- 
mittee of the Massachusetts State Federation of Women's Clubs 
and the Women's Educational and Industrial Union of that 
state. A recent issue of The Federation Bulletin, the organ of 
the associations mentioned, contains a report by Mabel Parton, 
the agent of the committee, on •' Women's Work in Rubber Fac- 
tories : Its Effect on Health," which will be briefly summarized 
here. 

The investigation related to twelve rubber factories, engaged 
in the production of (i) shoes, (2) garments, (3) light rubber 
goods, and (4) hose. Mention is made of " whatever has been 
observed which may have hygienic significance — conditions 
peculiar to special processes and others common to nearly all 
women's work on rubber." 

All but a few of the women In the factories reported on han- 
dle compounded rubber before vulcanization, and these com- 
pounds include oxide of lead or similar material. As none of 
the factories visited provided lunch rooms, and not all of them 
furnished adequate washing conveniences, many of the women 
ate their noonday meal at the work benches without first hav- 
ing washed their hands. 

" In a few processes," says the report, "the women take the 
material into their mouths. Makers of footballs' finish ofi ' by 
sucking the air, and incidentally bits of waste from inside the 
balls to make them lie flat. I find also that girls in the picking 
room at one of the factories assist with their teeth in picking 
olT scraps of good rubber from the ' wobs ' of cements, varnish, 
and waste discarded in the cutting and making rooms. Some 
of the girls at several factories have acquired the habit of chew- 
ing the soft rubber." 

Fumes of naphtha pervade the air of the work rooms, the 
soft rubber out of which many articles are made coming to the 
workers who finish them, already stamped or cut into shape, 
the parts being pressed together by hand and united with a 
cement in which naphtha enters. "There has been some 
reason to fear," says the report, " that manufacturers are using 
carbon bisulphide with the naphtha for heavier cement, but I 
have been unable to detect it in any of the factories I have 
visited." The naphtha fumes are present, however, in nearly 
all of the women's rooms, and those who do not actually use 
the cement — garment stitchers, for instance — work in rooms 
where the cement is used by others and breathe in the gas all 
day. 

" The women who make light rubber goods," it is said, " con- 
stantly inhale a fine talc dust. The talcum is used to keep 
small parts from sticking to the hands, or to each other when 
they are packed for vulcanizing, and is so fine that it flies at a 
touch. 

"The shoe making seems to necessitate a pressure against 
the bodies of the workers. The parts of the shoe are laid over 
a wooden boot form and the soft edges of the rubber are pressed 
together. In doing this the maker pushes the form hard against 
her body — first the heel and then the toe is directed against the 
pit of her stomach. Some of the women wear pads of cloth or 
leather to protect themselves, but these shields are soft or soon 
become soft, so that while friction may be prevented, the pres- 
sure is not diverted from the one small spot." 

Mention is made of the custom in most of the factories vis- 
ited of women working practically throughout the noon hour, 
either to get out earlier at night, to finish their " tickets " dur- 
ing the day in case of slow hands, or to make extra wages. 
Whatever the object, however, the workers over time lose the 



fresh air and relaxation in the middle of the day. 

Miss Parton was struck with the pallor of the rubber factory 
women, and from talking with them she learned that they often 
suffer from headache, nausea, and loss of appetite when they 
first begin work in rubber factories, and that while the symptoms 
apparently may pass in a few weeks, they are likely to recur on 
a return of the workers after an absence. Some of the girls 
with whom Miss Parton talked never feel quite well while they 
are at the work. Seventeen physicians in rubber factory towns 
were interviewed, most of whom have found common among 
rubber factory girls special diseases due particularly to (i) fumes 
arising from manufacturing processes, (2) the pressure of the 
boot form, and (3) the lack of proper nooning. 

One of the physicians who has had a large practice among 
rubber factory operatives for the past 25 years, as well as among 
operatives from a twine factory nearby, finds that the women 
from the rubber factory suffer to an unusual extent from 
anrcmia, with resulting dysmenorrhea, and attributes this from 
fumes that are breathed in during working hours. Dr. Fred- 
eric Coggeshall, as physician in charge of the nervous clinic 
of the Boston Dispensary, told Miss Parton that he found 
that one-thirteenth of all the factory girls treated worked in 
some branch of a rubber factory ; that certain forms of func- 
tional nervous diseases are very prevalent among this class; 
that these complaints are closely connected with their breath- 
ing the fumes of naphtha and carbon bisulphide. He believed 
the work to be decidedly injurious to health, and so far as the 
marked symptoms go that chronic poisoning with these objec- 
tionable gases, especially perhaps the naphtha, is the principal 
cause. 

With regard to a modification of the conditions outlined, it 
is pointed out naphtha fumes can be carried off through regis- 
ters placed in the floor and connected by pipes with suction 
fans, as has been proved by one rubber factory in Massachu- 
setts in a garment room where large quantities of very heavy 
cement are used. Talcum powder could be treated in much the 
same way, though troughs at the back of work benches, such 
as are to be found at hand sorting rooms in flax mills, would be 
better for the making rooms than the floor register. 

" Shoe workers," it is said, " could be greatly relieved of the 
pressure of the boot form by use of proper shields. The shields 
sold by one of the shoe factories to its employes are right in 
principle, but they do not stand wear. They are made of stiff 
leather and slightly concave, so that the part which comes di- 
rectly over the pit of the stomach scarcely touches the body, 
and pressure is thus diminished and distributed. But leather 
gives way quickly and becomes soft at the pressure point. A 
shield built on this principle, of material which would bear the 
strain, should answer the purpose. It is not necessary in any of 
the work to put the rubber into the mouth, and the rubber 
chewing habit is of course, under the control of employes." 

It is pointed out that the conditions of eating with unwashed 
hands and working at noon are only partially within the con- 
trol of the employes. Even if noon time work is nominally op- 
tional, it may be actually necessary, owing to the size of the 
tickets given out.in connection with the speed of the operatives. 
It is at present against the law in Massachusetts for a woman or 
minor to work during the midday recess, but the law is practi- 
cally Inoperative among the hand workers because it falls to fix 
responsibility for its enforcement. Miss Parton advises the re- 
peal of the law which exempts employers from responsibility for 
work done by women and minors at noon time. 



Drawing for a Pair. — Lost— On the Clifton pike, one rub- 
ber boot. Will buy or sell. — Versailles {Kentucky) Sun. 



November i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



43 



CAUCHO AND "CASTILLOA ULEl" WARBURG. 

By Dr. IVeriKr Escit (Haiitbiiri:)* 



OPINIONS as to the tree yielding the so-called " Caucho," 
or Peruvian balls, of commerce have heretofore been 
very much at variance. It was supposed by some that 
He7'ea, Cameraria latifolia, and Hancornia speciosa 
yielded the Caucho.t while HenriquesJ cited reasons which 
made him doubt the existence of either Hancornia or Castilloa 
on the eastern slopes of the Andes. The recent explorations of 
Dr. Ule have established beyond a doubt that Hancornia spe- 
ciosa exists on the eastern slopes of the Andes, in the Amazo- 
nas district of Brazil, and on an area much larger than hereto- 
fore supposed ; and, also, that Caucho is obtained from a spe- 
cies of Castilloa heretofore unidentified. This species was 
named Castilloa Ulei by Dr. Warburg. § 

In Ule's description of the manner in which raw Caoutchouc 
is gathered. I notice the singular statement that supposedly the 
larger part of Caucho, after its separation with a soap solution, 
is formed into planhas de Caucho— \>xo?iA. fiat cakes, and that 
some of the caucAeros coagulate the latex by exposure to the 
air. Rolled up strips of this Caucho are placed on the market 
as a higher priced sernamby de Caucho. So far as I have been 
able to inform myself by reading, and by what I have gathered 
by conversation with presumably informed persons, Peruvian 
rubber is put on the market principally in the form of balls, in 
Hamburg and in all other markets. The balls are generally, 
though not always, in form of lumps wound with strips, giving 
them a characteristic appearance. The inner part of the ball, 
on being cut through, shows also a characteristic conglomera- 
tion of more or less pale layers. This layering is found not only 
in the Peruvian slabs ; more prominently isthe similarity noted 
between Peruvian balls and those originating from Castilloa 
elastica in Ecuador, and Colombian balls and sausages. 

This relationship is not confined only to the superficial ap- 
pearance but also to the chemical data of washed samples and 
to the nearly identical rapidity of vulcanization. Further, it is 
not a single Castilloa species! but it is stated that quite a num- 
ber exist which furnish the Caoutchouc of this kind. The sim- 
ilarity is not a new discovery of mine, but is well known in the 
trade. This is furthermore endorsed by a published statement :*r 
'• The physical characteristics of Caucho in the main are the 
same as in the Central American rubbers." 

The statement made by Ule, that \.h^" planhas de Caucho" 
are formed by simply coagulating the latex with soap and veg- 
etable juices cannot, on account of the well known appearance 
of Peruvian slabs, be accepted unconditionally, because, when 
cut, their resemblance to those of balls is too apparent. About 
a year ago I had an opportunity to obtain for a rubber factory 
here a lot of Peruvian balls, which lot contained, besides the 
normal balls, exceptionally large loaves— a description of which 
I deem advisable here, to make the reason of their presence 
more clear. Ule's description of the manner of obtaining 
Caucho would be in excellent accord with the appearance of 
these loaves. 



•Translated from Gummi-Zeilung, Dresden. Jahrg. XIX (1905). P. iiiq. 
t Fran/- Clouth, ** Gummi, Guttapercha und Ralata." Leipzig: 1S99. P. 78. 
\ " Der Kautsclmk und seine Qiielleo." Dresden : 1899. P. 13. 
•iCummi-XeituKg. Dresden. Jahrj;. XIX (1905). P. 96s. [Also The India 
RuDUHR World, May i, 1905. P. 259] 

I f n American dissertations Castilla instead of Castilloa is often used, and the 
former, it is claimed, is tlic more correct. 

II Henry C. Pearson, " Crude Rubber and Compounding Ingredients." New- 
York : 1899. P. 13. 



The above mentioned crude rubber firm imports from year 
to year large quantities of Peruvian balls, but the official of the 
firm from which I obtained the lot had never, in many years' 
experience, seen similar loaves in Peruvians, neither in slabs, 
and others of whom inquiry was made had never known such 
loaves to exist, which in quality were farsuperior tothe regular 
Peruvians. The loaves were, in siae and shape, like the ordinary 
Matto Grosso Pard, possessing also the faint cheese odor of 
Matto Grosso Para, which after vulcanization changed into the 
pleasing odor emitted by bread in process of baking. On being 
washed a loss of 26 per cent, was noted, the compact blocks, 
which had only small traces of admixed dirt, containing a 
quantity of water. The cut surface did not show the yellow 
spots generally found in Matto Grosso Pard. The large black 
beetles, with their hard shell wings, which cause so much an- 
noyance in washing, were also absent. The appearance and 
characteristics of the washed loaf Peruvian were of such simi- 
larity of Matto Grosso Para as to eliminate all doubt of its be- 
ing readily worked upas Matto Grosso Pard, even in respect to 
the more rapid vulcanization which Matto Grosso Para pos- 
sesses over regular Peruvian. 

It is hardly necessary to mention that this irregular Peruvian 
consignment found ready takers and that endeavors were made 
to obtain regular consignments of this fine material, but, to the 
best of my knowledge these have been in vain. It may also be 
mentioned that in the same lot were some pieces which had to 
be designated as slabs ; this seems to me to be of importance 
in order to judge correctly the matter in question, because it 
convinces me all the more that the loaves and slabs are not of 
an identical nature. Slabs are inferior to balls.* The loaves 
are no doubt much superior tothe best Peruvian balls. 

I would like to meet here the objection made that at limes 
Peruvian balls possess also pale outer skins. In the first place 
this occurs rarely, and secondly these skins are materially darker 
than those of the before mentioned loaves and of Matto Grosso 
Para. It is most likely that in my large circle of readers these 
lines will come before the eyes of some one prepared to shed 
some light on this subject. For the sake of curiosity it may be 
mentioned here that an English firm— z. ^., its representative- 
contends that Caucho and Peruvian ballsare not alike, but that 
Caucho is the prime quality and Peruvian i/itasi & second qual- 
ity. Of course the poor buyer is expected to believe this and to 
take without hesitation, at a higher price, " Caucho balls " in- 
stead of " Peruvian balls.'' 

Like a rare bird, some time ago, a lot of smoked Colombians 
arrived here— a Ca.f/i'//i?;j Caoutchouc of light yellow-brown color, 
of pleasant odor, and easy of vulcanization. The Caoutchouc 
consisted of balls of about 50 kilograms in weight, which 
seemed to have obtained their shape by having been treated in 
the same manner as ordinary Peruvian balls — strips of Caout- 
chouc and some adhering pieces of wood being, like intestines, 
pressed together, after which the large lumps were sewed in 
bast mats and smoked like hams. The cut surface of these 
lumps resembled much the cross section of Peruvian balls, with 
the difference that in these Colombians the outlines of the sev- 
eral Caoutchouc strips were light yellow and therefore very in- 
distinct. No information could be gained from the English 
importers in regard to this beautiful lot, except that it was just 

* See Henry C. Pearson. P. 13. 



44 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^A^ORL,D 



[November i, 1905. 



by chance that such a fine consignment had got into the mar- 
ket, and no hopes were entertained of seeing a like one within 
the near future. The process of smoking had left but little 
water in the Caoutchouc and the loss in washing was just 10 
per cent. The color of the washed skin was like that of Para, 
and had an agreeable smoke odor, quite dillerent from that of 
Pari. 

With these statements I endeavor to pursue the object to 
arouse those who are influential in gathering Castilloa Caout- 
chouc of so valuable, dry, not foul smelling quality, to produce 
these sorts for which the rubber manufacturer finds a larger 
field of application, their light color being of especial value in 
the manufacture of colored rubber goods. The manufacturers 
pay for such Castilloa Caoutchouc materially higher prices, and 
therefore, the careful preparation of the Caoutchouc milk will 
certainly pay well for the extra care. 

• * • 

What are described as "loaves" (brote) in the preceding 
article refer evidently to the form of Pard rubber described in 
English speaking trade circles as " biscuits " or " hams " being 
the aggregations of rubber coagulated by the smoking process 
on wooden paddles and sometimes attaining a very large size. 
The word " loaves ", however, is not a common trade designa- 
tion in England or America. It does not seem to have been 
proved by Dr. Esch that the unusually excellent lots of rubber 
mentioned by him as coming from Peru and Colombia were 
derived from trees of any Castilloa species. As is well known, 
considerable Hevea rubber is now derived from Peru, and the 
similarity noticed of Peruvian lots to " Matto Grosso Pard " in- 
dicates that certain rubbers referred to may not have been 
Castilloa rubber at all, but Hevea. Likewise the excellent 
Colombian rubber may have been from some species of Sapittm. 
Or, it may have been Castilloa rubber from planted trees, the 
owners of which coagulated it with unusual care, comparable 
with that which the planters of Ceylon and the Malay States 
give to the latex of Hevea Brasiliensis. While Dr. Esch leaves 
a number of points in relation to Castilloa rubber unsolved, the 
rubber trade is to be congratulated upon the fact that investi- 
gators of his ability are devoting so much energy to efforts to 
determine the sources of commercial rubber and the conditions 
under which it is prepared for market. — The Editor. 



CRUDE BALATA DUTIABLE. 

TH E collector of customs at the port of Norfolk assessed for 
duty, at the rate of 35 per cent, ad valorem, an importa- 
tion of so called " sheet Balata " made by Castner, Curran & 
Bullitt (New York), who filed a protest, claiming the material 
to be entitled to free entry. The United States general ap- 
praisers at New York assume that the collector's assessment of 
duty was by virtue of the supposed similitude of the merchan- 
dise to manufactures of Gutta-percha or what is known as hard 
rubber, while it is evident that the claim of the protestants of 
free entry is upon the assumption that provision for crude rub- 
ber includes crude Balata. The appraisers' decision says : 

The evidence before us submitted on behalf of the protestants, and 
not controverted by the government, is that the Balata in question is in 
the crudest possible form in which Balata is produced. It appears that 
the so-called sheets are obtained by tapping the Balata tree and permit- 
ting the sap to run or drop on a palm leaf or board, and, after the sap 
is thus spread out on the palm leaf or board, exposing it to the sunlight 
and permitting it to dry. The merchandise is not advanced beyond this 
process to fit it for any particular purpose — in short, nothing has been 
done to constitute the Balata a manufactured article. 

The collector's classification and the importers' claim evi- 



dently are based upon the idea that Balata is so much akin to 
rubber that for tariff purposes they are the same. The board 
holds, however, that while they are sufficiently alike to warrant 
the application of the similitude clause to articles manufactured 
from Balata there is a marked difference between Gutta-percha, 
India-rubber, and Balata, in the crude state. This difference 
was set forth in a decision of the general appraisers (G. A. 5098 
— March 13, 1902), in which decision it was also held that Balata 
sheets fitted for such goods as dress shields were dutiable at 35 
per cent., on account of their similarity to Gutta-percha wares, 
no provision existing in the tariff schedule for Balata. [See 
The India Rubber World, April i, 1902— page 230.J But 
even if the various substances named were sufficiently similar 
to warrant the application of the similitude clause in the event 
of crude rubber being subject to duty, this would not justify 
the application of the similitude clause in this instance because 
crude rubber is in the free list. The appraisers, therefore, hold 
the collector's classification to be erroneous ; since crude Balata 
is not elsewhere provided for in the tariff it must be regarded 
as an unmanufactured article not enumerated, dutiable at the 
rate of 10 per ctnt. ad valorem under the provision 6 of the 
tariff act of 1897. 

Members of the trade interviewed by The India Rubber 
World intimated that importers of block and sheet Balata 
would protest this duty, though no action would be taken by 
any one until he had made an importation and a duty had been 
assessed. It is not doubted that the framers of the tariff act 
regarded Balata as included in ' India-rubber and Gutta-per- 
cha," and therefore entitled to free entry, but the customs au- 
thorities having decided that Balata is neither India-rubber 
nor Gutta-percha, and Balata not being specified in the "free 
list," evidently the appraisers have no choice but to assess the 
10 per cent, rate as above reported. 



THE NEWEST ATLANTIC CABLE. 



THE fifth transatlantic cable of the Commercial Cable Co. 
(New York) has just been successfully laid, the final 
splice having been made off the coast of Ireland on October 6, 
by the cable ship Colonia. The new cable is reported to be of 
the best and most expensive type of submarine cable ever laid. 
It was manufactured by the Telegraph Construction and Main- 
tenance Co., Limited (London), having been begun in March 
last and shipped on board their 7976 ton steamer Colonia on 
August 5. Atlantic cables are laid from west to east, because 
of the direction of the prevailing winds, and ships make better 
speed going eastwar(j. This is why the Colonia began laying 
the cable from the Nova Scotia coast. On October 3 she ar- 
rived at a point 187 miles from the coast of Ireland, where the 
final splice was to be made with the cable previously laid from 
the Irish coast by the steamship Cambria. At some points the 
new cable was laid at a depth of nearly three miles below the 
surface of the sea. The quantities of material used were 1,411,- 
200 pounds of copper ; 799,688 pounds of Gutta percha , 16,845.- 
000 pounds of brass tape, jupe, yarn, iron wire, and preservative 
compound. The cost of the cables varied from $1000 to $6000 
per mile, according to the different requirements at different 
depths and character of the ocean bed. The signal and speed 
of this cable is said to be 15 per cent, greater than that of any 
other cable of equal length in the Atlantic. The two transat- 
lantic cables of the Deutsche- Atlantische Telegraphen-Gesell- 
schaft between Germany and New York work in direct connec- 
tion with the lines of the Postal Telegraph Cable Co., which 
gives the system 7 ocean lines, all duplexed so that their com- 
bined capacity is 14 messages at one time. 



November i, i9«5.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



45 



RUBBER CARGO LOST ON THE AMAZON. 



THE Booth line steamer Cyril, bound from Mandos for Liv- 
erpool, with 2IO tons of rubber on board, was lost on the 
Amazon on the morning of September 6, in a collision with the 
steamer Auselm. The occurrence was in the bay Curralinho, 
near the town of the same name on the great island of Maraji), 
and about 93 miles above Para Both ships were under the con- 
trol of lirazilian pilots, whoseemingly misunderstood thesignals 
given while rounding a small island, and the result was that both 
ships steered for the same point, and before the Q'/vV could 
cross the bow of the Auselm she was rammed, and sank within 
45 minutes in about 70 feet of water, capsizing as she went 
down. The Auselm was seriously damaged and had to put 
back to Para. No passengers were lost of injured, and no pas- 
sengers' effects were lost. The CyrtTs manifest showed the 
following details regarding the rubber carried : 

Smri-KRS. Fine. Medium. Coarse. Caucho. Total. 

Scholz & Co. .. .-t//« 58,680 12.387 20,802 3,6co 95i46g 

DusendschtJn & Co.. 31,628 8,985 829 41,137 82,579 

Aldelbert II. Alden. 17,020 3.075 5,290 205 25.590 

Ahlers S: Co 4.056 91 567 4.714 

J. H. Andresen, Sue. 1.440 i6o 690 .... 2,290 

Total 112,824 24,698 28,178 44,942 210,642 

The Booth company advise The India Rubber World : 
" The latest information we have is that the Liverpool Salvage 
Association were sending out the steamer Ranger in the hopes 
of salving the rubber cargo on board the Cyril. We understand 
that they have with them all the modern appliances for this 
class of work." 

There was no perceptible fluctuation in the New York market 
for Pard rubber on account of the loss of the Cyril. The price 
stiffened in England for a few days, but did not hold. 

PERILS OF NAVIGATION ON THE AMAZON. 
[from " roLHA DO NORTE " (PARA), SEPTEMBER l8.] 

The Cidade de Manaus, the despatch boat belonging to the 
Amazonas government, entered our port yesterday at i p. M. 
The voyage was anything but auspicious, for, besides running 
aground, the vessel was in danger of foundering. While cross- 
ing from Catahu to Cossary, the boat encountered a severe 
storm, resulting in serious damage to the commander's cabin, 
which made it necessary to strengthen it by means of cross- 
beams. The Cidade de Manaus battled with the severe storm 
for 20 minutes. 

After passing through this first peril, the despatch boat con- 
tinued on its course until 9 p. m. on the day before yesterday, 
when it ran aground at a small distance below the island of 
the Mucuras, but on this occasion escaped sinking. The 
Cidade de Manaus was in this dangerous position when the 
Cassipori passed. It was decided to ask for assistance and a 
boat was despatched for that purpose. While all those on ihe 
Cidade de Manaus expected the Cassipori xq render some assis- 
tance, her captain sent word that he could not do so, as he had 
no time to spare. The Cassipori! thereupon continued on its 
course, leaving the boat in its dangerous position. 

Later on, the Fagundes Varella passed by, and was asked for 
assistance. Her captain at once stopped his engine and sent a 
boat to inquire what had best be done. When he had been 
advised of the circumstances, it was agreed that the Fagundes 
Varella should cast anchor and wait until the next day, to see 
whether the Cidade de Manaus yio\i\A getofTof her own account. 

If he was able to do so, the captain of the Fagundes Varella 
was to receive 1000 milreis [=$334.60, exchange at 17 pence], 
while, if it should become necessary to take the Cidade de 



Manaus in tow, 2000 milreis were to be paid. Happily, at 
about 2 A. M. yesterday, the boat was floated through her own 
efforts, and the Fagundes Varella continued on her voyage 
during the morning. 

The Cidade de Manaus, which came under the command of 
Mr. Francisco Antonio Ozorio, was steered by the experienced 
Amazonas pilot, Mr. Raymundo Cunha. 

BRAZILIAN TAX COLLECTORS FIGHT OVER RUBBER. 

The Amazonas despatch boat, Cidade de Manaus, had on 
board Colonel JcSo Baptista Faria e Souza, collector of the port 
of Manaos, and Dr. Amaro Bezerra, a well known lawyer, whose 
visit to Pard was for the purpose of discussing the matter of 
the India-rubber which had come in transit on the Eurico, the 
Amazonas revenue department claiming the said rubber as the 
property of that state, while it was also claimed by the Federal 
territory of Acre. 

The Eurico also arrived at Pardon September 17, carrying 
21,687 kilograms of rubber, consigned to Messrs. Leite & Co. 
and Cerqueira Lima & Co. — there being 19,175 kilos of fine, 350 
of coarse, and 2162 of Caucho. 

On board the Eurico were, besides Mr. Angelo Boyma, the 
custom house guard in charge of the second fiscal of Iquiry, 
Acre; Mr. Cyriaco Muniz, a treasury accountant, attached to 
the collector's office at Manaos ; and theguard of the same dis- 
trict, Mr. Miguel Archanjo Monteiro, who had the rubber in 
their care. The rubber was stowed away in the two compart- 
ments of the hold of the vessel, the hatchways being duly 
sealed, as was verified by the custom house officers of Paid, 
when they boarded the vessel. 

According to the Manaos journal O Amazonas, this rubber 
was taken on board the Eurico at port Cachoeira, on the river 
Purus, near the town of Labrea, Brazil, from the lighter Boli- 
var. The bill of lading gave the river Iquiry, a tributary of the 
Acre, as the source of the rubber, but it is claimed at Manaos 
that the point on the Iquiry referred to could have no commu- 
nication with any locality reached by the W^Xe.t Bolivar. It is 
said that the hold of the Eurico, in which the rubber was 
stored, was sealed not far from Labrea by a person claiming to 
be a Federal fiscal agent of Acre. 

A question regarding the rubber being raised at Mandos, 
Messrs. Leite & Co., owners of the Eurico, asked the port col- 
lector to clear the vessel and offered a deposit to cover the 
Amazonas state duties, in case the rubber should prove to have 
been gathered in that state. But the Manaos authorities re- 
plied that the rubber was not of doubtful origin ; it came from 
Amazonas state, from a point north of the Acre boundary line. 
The captain of the Eurico, having allowed a fiscal employe of 
the Acre district to come within the limits of Amazonas and 
seal the holds of the steamer, is liable to be held as a partici- 
pant in the smuggling of the goods and ihe penalties therefor. 
The rubber in dispute having been shipped as coming from 
Federal territory (where the export tax is 15 per cent.) though 
held at Manaos to have been produced in Amazonas state 
(where the export tax is 23 per cent.), was claimed to be smug- 
gled goods, and treated accordingly. 

* * * 

There is constant friction between the Amazonas state and 
the Federal district of Acre over rubber export dues. Folha 
do Norte reported recently the seizure at Manaos of 97,467 
kilos of rubber on one steamer, claimed as a state product but 
which was found out to have come from Acre. It was neces- 
sarily shipped from an Amazonas port, in the absence of other 
facilities at the point of production, but this did not make it 
Amazonas rubber. 



46 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[NoVEMIiER I, 1905. 



THE COLORADO "RUBBER" PLANT. 



TO iiiE Editokoi' Thk India Rubdk.k World: We have 
had brought to our attention as a possible source of 
rubber supply the plant known as " picradenia floribunda 
utilis," " pingue," or " rabbit weed," which plant It Is claimed Is 
indigenous to the western states and territories. If the claims 
made for this plant are correct, we would be Interested in de- 
termining whether or not It grows in those sections of the west 
tributary to our lines [Atchison, Topeka and Santa ¥€ railway]. 
Before attempting to ascertain this fact, we desire to secure 
such Information as we can concerning any tests that have been 
made of the rubber from this plant, and It Is to secure this in- 
formation we are addressing you. 

We presume you are thoroughly familiar with all the facts, 
and if you can find it consistent to do so, would be glad to have 
such Information as you can give us along the following lines : 

First. Whether or not. In your opinion, the commercial 
extraction of rubber from this source Is possible. 

Second. The quality of this rubber as compared with the 
various other grades of rubber in the market. 

Third. The results of any tests that have been made on this 
product. 

Fourth. The prices such rubber will bring in the various 
markets. we.sley merritt. 

Industrial Commissioner The Atchison, Toptka and Santa Fc Railway System. 
Chicago. October g. 1905. 

We have followed with much interest and many times with 
amusement the claims of the western company promoters con- 
cerning the extraction of rubber from the plant known as 
Picradenia floribunda utilis. While it appears that this plant is 
very abundant throughout the southwest, it Is yet to be proved 
to contain rubber in sufficient quantity to warrant its extraction. 
We have been open to conviction on the subject all the while 
but none of the interested parties in Colorado or elsewhere 
have brought forward theslightestproof that they have anything 
as worth while as yet. This plant, by the way, should not be 
confused with the " Guayule " plant (PartJienium argentatum) 
of Mexico, which is a rubber producer to an extent that makes 
its handling commercially profitable. — The Editor. 



THE COLORADO RUBBER GAME. 



THE arrival Is reported at Durango, Colorado, of three car- 
loads of machinery from Cleveland and Elyria, Ohio, for 
the use of The P. F. U. Rubber Co., mentioned in The India 
Rubber World (August i, 1905 — page 3S6) as having been 
incorporated in Michigan with $250,000 capital to operate under 
a license to Edward C. Dunbar, from the American Crude 
Rubber Co., a Colorado corporation, to extract rubber from 
" rabbit weed " (Picradenia floribunda utilis). Of this capitali- 
zition $175 000 is represented by the license. Mr. Dunbar is 
manager of the P. F. U. company ; Bethune Dutiield, secretary- 
treasurer, and J. D. Hudson president. All these are citizens 
of Detroit, Michigan. The Durango Herald says that Mr. 
Dunbar has " moved without undue haste in the matter of se- 
curing machinery," and it hopes that the experiments to be 
made will make the extraction of rubber " a fixed industry " in 
that section. A press despatch from Durango says: "This 
factory when complete will be the only plant in existence of 
its kind and will be capable of handling from 18 to 26 tons of 
the weed per day." 

In response to a request for further Information, Manager 
Dunbar advises The India Rubber World: " I beg to refer 
you to Mr. Frank R. Marsh, of Colorado Springs, Colorado, 



who will give you such information as Is deemed expedient to 
give at this stage of the game." Mr. Marsh is the gentleman 
who something more than a year ago promoted the American 
Crude Rubber Co., on a promise to have 10 factories making 
Colorado rubber, within 18 months, and who was active in sell- 
ing shares of stock with the help of a show window in a Denver 
street containing samples of rubber goods stated to have been 
made of the Colorado product. So tar as The India Rubber 
World can learn, manufacturers of rubber goods were never 
able to secure any rubber from Marsh, and efforts to obtain 
from him information for publication were unavailing. 



RUBBER STOPPERS AND APPENDICITIS. 



nPO the Editor of The India Rubber World: It appears 
•*■ that Dr. Pond, of Liverpool, has published in the London 
Lancet a new theory with reference to the origin of appendicitis 
and other disturbances of the digestive organs. He calls at- 
tention to the fact that such ailments often can be attributed to 
anliinonlal poisoning and the source of the antimony absorbed 
by man is said to be the rubber rings used to close all 
sorts of bottles. Dr. Pond seeks to establish the fact that 
such rings consist of almost one-third their weight of anti- 
mony. He says not only is the antimony dissolved by the mineral 
waters containing alkalies and organic acids, but these rubber 
rings, as daily observation shows, soon become brittle and 
some of the compound falls into the contents of the bottle. 

It may be noted that appendicitis is quite prevalent in 
the United States, where but little antimony cured rubber ever 
comes in contact with articles of food. Many persons have 
had the disease who never used any article that had antimony 
In it. The first case ever brought to my attention was In 
1862 or 1863, which was before the date at which antimony be- 
gan to being used in connection with rubber. The disease 
has existed no doubt for a very long period, but In old times 
the patient either got well or died without the assistance of 
the surgeon. Now, thanks to Lester and antiseptic surgery, 
as soon as a person has an ache in the right side below his ribs 
he has to be operated upon. Sometimes they find that he 
has appendicitis; sometimes even that the patient has no ap- 
pendix. 

Dr. Pond's article reminds one of an old writer upon Chinese 
metaphysics. When asked how he managed to write on this 
subject he said that he had read up on metaphysics and also 
on Chinese in the encyclopedia, and had put the two articles 
together. So far as the rubber men are concerned they need 
feel no anxiety over Dr. Ponds " red rubber " scare, since they 
can produce rubber stoppers and rings that will answer every 
purpose and that can be guaranteed to be free from antimony. 
I think that If no one should have appendicitis until it is 
caused by antimony In rubber the business of the surgeons will 
have a collapse. s. v. sharples. 

Boston, Massachusetts, October sg, 1905. 



RUBBER FOR CHANNEL CEMENTS. 



TO the Editor of The India Rubber World: I am a 
reader of your Journal, and if it is not asking too much 
of a favor I would like to know what rubbers are best adapted 
to the manufacture of channel cements. I am experimenting 
on an article and channel cement answers my purpose best, 
owing to cost and adhesive qualities. I have tried red Massai, 
but it Is not as strong as the channel cement on the market. 
Trusting you can give this information, and thanking you In 
advance for same, I am. Very truly yours, v. d v. 

Akron, Ohio, October 11, 1905. 



November i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



47 



PROGRESS OF RUBBER PLANTING. 



ANGLO-MALAY RUBBER CO., LIMITED. 

TH E prospectus of The Anglo Malay Rubber Co., Limited, 
registered October 9, 1905. in London, with a capital of 
^150,000 [S729.975] in £1 shares, sets forth that its 
purpose is to acquire and work certain Para rubber 
estates in the Federated Malay States. Their aggregate area 
is estimated at 6331 acres, of which 1713 are under cultiva- 
tion mainly in coflee and rubber. The estates are " Linsum," 
"Siliau," "Terentang," "Gadut," " Ayer Silolo," and " Ayer 
Angat," in the state of Negri Sembilan, and " Batang Kali " 
and •■ Ulu Yam," in Selangor. The four first named were amal- 
gamated early in the year under the name Straits Rubber 
Estates, Limited, and now come within a larger scheme of 
amalgamation. The present vendor of all the properties is 
Herbert Wilford Brett, of Halliford. Middlesex (England), who 
accepts /5 1,000 in cash and ^{^46,500 in shares. The first issue 
(London, October 16) was at par of 140,000 shares, including 
46,500 to the vendor, 51,000 to produce the cash due the vendor, 
and 42,500 for working capital. The board embraces Sir Frank 
A. Swettenham, k.c.m.g., late governor of the Straits Settle- 
ments, and Mr. Arthur Lampard, of Harrisons & Crosfield, large 
tea and produce merchants of London, Colombo and New 
York. The prospectus reports the rubber trees planted on the 
properties as follows : 

Sixteen to 2U years 250 

Eight to 9 yeais 6,422 

Seven years 6,081 

Six years 34, 'SO 

Five years 34, 61 5 

Four years 3,561 

Three years and under. 120,900 

Total 205,979 

Mr. Lampard recently assured The India Rijbber World of 
his strong confidence in the future of rubber cultivation in the 
Far East, regarding it as the most important future planting 
interest. He feels that important as is rubber already in 
Ceylon, it is destined to become still more so in the Malay 
States, partly for the reason that lands are available there for 
rubber which have hitherto not been cultivated, while much of 
the land in Ceylon already has been planted with tea or other 
crops. He considers the present output from the Malay States 
as large as that from Ceylon. 

MR. BURGESS'S VIEWS ON EARLY TAPPING. 
Mr. p. J. Burgess, who recently was commissioned as " rub- 
ber expert "for the Federated Malay Slates, at the joint expense 
of the local government and the planters' associations, has re- 
turned to the Far East after a visit to Europe with a view to the 
study of certain rubber problems which could be pursued more 
satisfactorily there than at home. Stopping at Colombo, on 
his return, Mr. Burgess was interviewed by 7'/te Times of Ceylon, 
but was disposed to be reticent on the points covered by his 
studies for the reason that he did not wish to anticipate a re- 
port which he will make to the government. Mr. Burgess talked 
interestingly, however, on certain other points. He does not 
share the view that it is undesirable to tap rubber trees (Hevea) 
at four years of age. 

" It is really a question for the planters to decide for them- 
selves, but unless we can show some really bad result upon the 
tree by early tapping, I do not see why the tree should be left 
alone so long. I think you will find that there is no evidence 
whatever in support of the idea that early tapping puts too 



much strain on the tree and drains it prematurely. If I had a 
plantation myself, I should certainly tap early. There is a good 
deal of evidence against the theory of the premature strain. 
You cannot easily kill the rubber tree." 

'• But the latex would yield inferior rubber.'" 

" It would not be fit for the best uses." 

" Would not that atlect the reputation of plantation rubber .-'" 

Mr. Burgess does not see that plantation rubber has a" repu- 
tation." The prices, as he has already explained, are really in 
favor of the Brazilian rubber pound per pound of real rubber, 
after due allowance for the weight of the moisture in the South 
American product. 

" Besides, I don't see how it could aflfect the reputation of 
plantation rubber, if it were distinctly sold as immature rubber. 
Such rubber has its uses and would certainly command a sale. 
Why not sell then ? ' 

The suggestion with regard to leaving additional moisture in 
plantation rubber he said he had already fully dealt with in his 
communication to FJie Times 0/ Ceylon. With regard to the 
pc'ssibility of artificial substitutes ousting rubber, Mr. Burgess 
will deal fully in his report. 

BELGIAN CAPITAL IN MALAY PLANTATIONS. 
The organization is reported at Antwerp of the Federated 
Malay States Rubber Co., to take over from the Kajang Coffee 
and Rubber Co., Limited (8, George street, E. C, London), of 
a concession for 999 years granted by the sultan of Selangor, in 
the Federated Malay States, comprising 2339 acres under the 
names of " The West Country " and " Belmont " estates, there 
being under cultivation 851 acres in coffee, rubber, cocoanuts, 
and nutmegs. The capital is 2,000,000 francs | =§386,000] in 
500 franc shares. The vendors receive 500,000 francs in shares 
and an equal amount of cash. The new company dates from 
August 3. 1905 ; the headquarters will be at Antwerp. The es- 
tates mentioned, together with others controlled by the Kajang 
Coffee and Rubber Co., Limited, have been under the joint 
management of M. Sidney Parry and E. B. Skinner, who are 
among the leading planters of the Malay States. Mr. Skinner 
is on the executive committee of the United Planters' Associa- 
tion. 

STRAITS SETTLEMENTS BOTANIC GARDENS. 
The annual report by Director H. N. Ridley, for 1904, men- 
tions that the demand for plants and seeds of Para rubber (He- 
vea Brasitinsis) was greater than the capacity of the gardens to 
supply. Ujring the year 170,175 seeds and 28.665 plants were 
disposed of, 100,000 seeds going to the forest department of 
Lower Burma. A special appropriation was made during the 
year of §1750 (silver) for experimental tapping of rubber trees, 
purchase of tools, and erection of a drying house. All trees of 
suitable size for tapping were numbered and registered with a 
view to a definite record of production under varying condi- 
tions being made for the benefit of planters. Altogether 12S5 
trees were registered and 880 were tapped, with the prospect 
that the amount of dry rubber would average one pound per 
tree of average girth at three feet from the ground of 3 feet 3 
inches. It is mentioned that the yield of dry rubber averages 
less per tree than was pointed to by earlier experiments, but the 
most recent production averages 97 per cent, of dry rubber, 
whereas formerly the loss in washing amounted from 35 to 40 
per cent., and it is considered that the higher market value of 



48 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[November i, T905. 



the rubber produced now will more than offset the decreased 
weight. The Para rubber tree mentioned in previous reports 
was again tapped fourteen times between July 28 and Septem- 
ber 6, 1904, yielding 3 pounds 14 ounces of dry rubber, raising 
the total to 26 pounds 13 ounces for the nine consecutive years 
that it has been lapped— an average of nearly 3 pounds per 
year. 

BUKIT RAJAH RUBBER CO., LIMITED. 

Reference was made lately in The India Rubber World 
(page 376) to the report of this important plantation company, 
in Selangor, Federated Malay States, from which it appeared 
that the sales of produce during the first year of the working 
of the company as now formed, exceeded all expenses, includ- 
ing new development work during the year, by £gi, which was 
regarded as a favorable showing. At the beginning of the year 
covered by the report, there were growing on the plantation 
10,000 rubber trees six years old, 22.000 five years old, 12,000 four 
years old, and 41,000 three years old, besides many thousands 
of younger trees. The rubber sold during the year amounted 
to 671 1 pounds, obtamed from the six year old trees. Those 
trees are now seven years old, and are expected to yield a 
larger product this year, besides which 22,000 trees have now 
become six years old, and are eligible for tapping this year, 
while an additional number will be ready every succeeding year. 
As mentioned last month, the company's estimate of this year's 
product is 25.000 pounds, which is regarded as reasonable by 
TAe Ttmis 0/ Cej'/on, which in an editorial on the company's 
report predicts that within a very few years the company will 
be paying 50 per cent, yearly dividends. The paid capital of 
the company is now nearly ;^ 60.000, and the quoted price for 
shares is ^'/i for i. 

PLANTED RUBBER IN BORNEO. 

The first tapping of planted rubber trees in British North 
Borneo occurred on June 24 on the Sekong estate, owned 
by the North Borneo Trading Co., near Sandakau, in the 
presence of a party of specially invited guests, headed by the 
Governor, the trip to the estate having been made on the Gov- 
ernor's yacht. His Excellency lapped the first tree and later 
removed from a number of other trees the tins of latix, which 
he emptied into the pails provided for the purpose, after 
which the Governor's wife, at the collecting depot, strained 
the latex prior to the beginning of the coagulating process. 
A bioscope was in operation all the while, from which it is 
inferred that the various processes are to be exhibited to the 
public in a series of moving pictures. Before the party sep- 
arated toasts were drunk to the success of the new enter- 
prise, amid much enthusiasm. The age of the rubber is not 
stated, but there were 32,000 Paid rubber trees on the estate 
in 1902, since which time 26,000 have been planted. 
VISITING AMONG RUBBER PLANTERS. 

["from "the times Ol- CEYLON," SEPTEMBER 7 ] 

Mr. R. W. Harrison, of CuUoden estate, Neboda, who is 
recognized as the leading rubber planter in Ceylon, has just 
paid a brief visit to Selangor. He made his headquarters with 
Mr. J. B. Carruthers, the director of agriculture, but moved 
about all the time, and found Mr. \V. W. Bailey's motor car in- 
dispensable. It was placed at Mr. Harrison's disposal, and he 
was thus enabled to practically see the whole of the estates of 
Klang. Most of these are under Mr. Bailey's supervision, and 
his position in rubber planting affairs in the state is unique. 
Mr. Harrison also saw Mr. M. S. Parry. He has a high opinion 
of the general country and the estates under cultivation. Much 
of his time was occupied in visiting and reporting on properties 
belonging to companies with their offices either in Colombo or 
London. Mr. Harrison has also brought back some rambong 



{Ficits elastica) cuttings for St. George group, Kalutara. He 
enjoyed his visit, found every one hospitable, and returns in 
good health. 

VALLAMBROSA RUBBER CO., LIMITED. 

Registered April 22, 1904, at Edinburgh, Scotland, with 
offices at 123, George street, in that city; capital, /6o,ooo 
[ = $291,990], in £1 shares full paid. Own the " Vallambrosa" 
estate, at Klang, Selangor, Federated Malay States ; Mr. W. W. 
Bailey, chairman of the United Planters' Association, is agent ; 
Mr. H. M. Darby, manager. The original purchase embraced 
1035 acres and 194,!^ acres have since been acquired. On the 
original purchase were 930 acres planted in rubber (189S to 
1902), and 25 acres have been planted this year. The new ac- 
cessions include 75 acres in coffee, to be planted with rubber 
17X17 feet. Sales of shares reported recently at /3. 

MILMEX LUMBER, RUBBER AND TRANSIT CO. 

[Plantation on the river Coatzacoalcos. slate of Oaxaca, Mexico. Office : Rail- 
way Exchange building, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.] 

Incorporated May 2, 1905, under Wisconsin laws; capital, 
$400,000. Have acquired 5000 acres adjoining the well known 
hactenda " Del Corte" o{ the Isthmus Plantation Association 
of Mexico, another Milwaukee enterprise. The object is to 
market lumber and plant rubber and other crops. Wilmer Sieg 
is president, C. W. Lenhart vice president, Paul E. Thomas 
secretary, W. I. Lane treasurer, and VV. H. Perthesius general 
agent — all business men in Milwaukee. 

THE CHICAGO RUBBER PLANTING CO. 

[Plantation near Palenquc, stale of Chiapas, Mexico, Offices: No. 6o.-j Ashland 
block. Chicago, Illinois.] 

The plantation of this company, which is incorporated under 
the laws of Illinois, comprises 500 acres purchased from the 
San Marcos Rubber Plantation Co. (Chicago), who have been 
in operation for some years and whose enterprise is understood 
to have made satisfactory progress. The officers are John W. 
Byam, president; T. S. Howell, general manager; Joseph L. 
Duplissis, treasurer ; and N. H. Byam, secretary. 

FEDERATED MALAY STATES. 

The administration report on Negri Sembilan, one of the 
Malay states, for 1904 mentions the exportsof 42 piculs [ = 5600 
pounds] of cultivated rubber, against io>2 piculs [ = 1400 pounds] 
in 1903. What was known as the Government rubber estate, 
one half owned each by the government and Mr. T. H. Hill, 
was valued at $59 143 75 (silver) by Mr. E. V. Carey. The gov- 
ernment half share was disposed of to Mr. Hill fur $29 571.88, 
which amojnt was paid in January, 1905. The tapping of 
rubber is proceeding on a constantly increasing scale, and a 
very considerable output for 1905 is expected. The report men- 
tions that the 100 rupee shares of the Seremban Estate Rub- 
ber Co.. Limited, were quoted at the time of writing at 285 ru- 
pees. Several aoplications for land for rubber planting had 
been made during the year. 

SMOKING RUBBER IN CEYLON. 

Mr. R. C. Dickson, of the engineering department of the Co- 
lombo Commercial Co., Limited, has filed specifications at the 
Ceylon patent office of an invention to improve the method of 
coagulating and drying rubber. The new machine, the specifi- 
cations state, consists of a small furnace, on the top of which is 
a sm^ke box containing a large revolving drum. In the space 
between are a series of baffle plates to divert the fumes and in- 
sure that no flames or sparks pass into the smoke box. At one 
side is a shallow pan for receiving the latex. In this is a small 
roller partly immersed in the latex with its surface in contact 
with the surface of the large drum. A fire is placed in the fur- 
nace and the fumes are allowed to pass between the baffie plates 
and round the large drum to the chimney. When the desired 



November i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



49 



temperature has been reached, the pan is li.led with latex (rom 
the feeder and the small roller is turned by hand or power. The 
surface of the small roller, being in contact with the surface of 
the large drum, turns it and at the same time spreads a thin 
film of latex on its surface. The action of the heat and fumes 
on the thin film of latex coagulates and dries it. Continuing 
the process, the latex is spread film by film, coagulated and dried, 
until a thick deposit of rubber surrounds the large drum. A 
damper between the furnace and the smoke box is shut and a 
door in the smoke box opened. The rubber on the drum is slit 
across with a knife and unrolled in a long sheet which can be 
cut to any size for packing. The antiseptic qualities of the 
fumes, it is claimed, tend to preserve the rubber. — The Times 
of Ceylon, Aui^ust 2. 

RUBBER PRODUCTION IN THE ACRE. 

The journal C /"«»>, of Rio de Janeiro, summarizes the re- 
port of the prefect of the department of the Upper Jurua, one 
of the three divisions of the new Federal territory, covering the 
first six months of his administration, and submitted to the 
Brazilian minister of the interior. The population of the de- 
partment IS estimated at 5974. The nn^vih^xoi seringaes (rubber 
producing camps) is 112. The exports of rubber from this de- 
partment from October, 1904, to March, 1905, inclusive, amount- 
ed to 3313372 kilograms, valued at 23.193.604 milreis, the 
average price of rubber being 7 milreis, while the expense of 
administration of the department did not exceed 600.000 
milreis. The valuation given, with exchange estimated to 
average 13 pence during the six months, equalled $6,11 1,998.53_ 
gold. The report is accompanied by tables and a map, with a 
valuable resume ol information regarding the department. 
These figures of yield indicate a very rich rubber field. Over 
1200 pounds produced for every inhabitant, and in less than a 
full working season would be impossible in the older rubber 
districts of the Amazon. Besides, it must be understood that 
the whole population is not capable of working rubber. It 
would appear that an average of a ton for each rubber worker 
must have resulted — a wonderful result when it is realized that 
a single rubber tree yields at each tapping only a lew spoon- 
fuls of latex, nearly half of which evaporates in the " smoking." 

RUBBER PLANTING IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL. 
The Rio journal O Cafesista for August contained a report 
on the successful growing of manigoba rubber {Manthot Glazio- 
vit) on \.\\e. fazenda "Bella Allianra," vargem Alegre, state of Rio 
de Janeiro, owned by Senhor Mauricio Haritifl, oneof theleading 
agriculturists of the state, who, in view of the lessened profits 
from coffee culture, planted manii;oba rubber instead, and has 
already extracted a product which has been most favorably re- 
ceived in Europe. O Oifesista mentions that the secretary of 
agriculture of the state of SHo Paulo commissioned three lead- 
ing planters of that state to visit " Bella .'Mlianra," to study the 
excellent results obtained there from planting rubber. Mention 
is made of plantation mani(;oba rubber sold recently in London 
at 100 milreis per 1 5 kilograms, which at the recent high rate of 
exchange equalled $1.19,^ per pound. 

PLANTATIONS AND PLANTERS. 
MONERAKELLE Rubber Estates, Limited, registered in Lon- 
don, September 8, 1905, with /25.000 capital [ = $121,662.50] to 
acquire the Monerakelle and three other estates in the Mon- 
eragala district of Ceylon and to carry on there and elsewhere 
the business of rubber and general planters and merchants. 
One of the directors is A. Bethune, director of the Federated 
(Selangor) Rubber Co., Limited. Registered office: 12, Fen- 
church street, E. C, London. The four estates embrace 1044 
acres, of which 22 are now planted in rubber and 353 in cacao. 



=Sembilan Estates Co., Limited, registered in London Sep- 
tember 8, 1905, with /jo.ooo capital [=$243,325] to acquire 
property and cultivate rubber and other products. No public 
issue. Directors: H. Gilliat, A. E. Gilliat, and T. E. Hurst- 
Hodgson, merchants of England. Registered office: 4, Crosby 
square, E. C. London. 

= Mr. J. B. Carruthers, director of agriculture of the Feder- 
ated Malay States, in order that planters who were unable to 
visit the Agri-Horticultural show at Penang might see the 
fine display of rubber made there, arranged with the owners to 
have an exhibition of the prize winning samples for one day at 
his office in Kuala Lumpur. Mr. G. D. Russell also gave an ex- 
hibition of a new rubber coagulating machine tor which he has 
applied for a patent. 

= The Malay Mail hears that two Ceylon planters, Messrs. 
Greig and Volum, will apply for 1000 acres of land for rubber 
planting in the Kuala Selangor district, Federated Malay States. 

= The seventh annual report of Klanang Produce Co., Lim- 
ited, shows an acreage of 144 acres in Pard rubber and 80 
Rambong {Ficiis elas/ica) at the beginning of the year; 96^ 
acres planted with rubber and cofTee during the year, and 360 
acres cleared for rubber. Application has been made for about 
300 acres additional of government land. The company derive 
a satisfactory rate of income from cocoanuts and cofTee, and 
large profits are confidently expected from rubber. The whole 
of the company's share capital of ,£20.000 has been issued. 
The £t shares have been quoted recently in London at £3 5^. 



AMAZON "PARA" RUBBER AND ITS CONTENTS. 



[fRO.M the " CEYLON OHSERVEK," AUGUST 28.] 

BEING of the first importance to British rubber planters in 
the East we quote elsewhere the article written by Mr. 
Ayme, the American consul, on the custom of blending Sapium 
aucttparium with the true " Pard " or Hevea Brasiliensis, and 
the information about the former tree. The discovery that this 
has been done for some time is due to investigations by two 
foreigners. Professor Henri Jumelle and Dr. Jacques Huber. 

The India Rubber World finds in it a most important ar- 
gument for rubber cultivation ; " for who could imagine, if the 
Amazonian product had come from cultivated trees, that the 
planters could for years have been blending the latex of two 
different sorts " in no fixed proportion, and " neither the man- 
ufacturer nor the student of the subject, be a particle the wiser." 
This is decidedly true in that cultivated Pard is bound to give 
better results than wild, as it has been known hitherto ; but as 
South American Pard rubber, used hitherto as a standard of 
unit value, has always been priced about i shilling below the 
best plantation, it shows that the trade, if they were not aware 
of the contents of the smoke dried article, at least valued it on 
a lower plane than what they took to be its equivalent pro- 
duced away from the native habitat of the producing tree. 

It is suggested by the above quoted authority that perhaps 
now it will be found that it is not defective coagulation or in- 
activity of the producing trees that causes inferiority of tensile 
strength in the " cultivated " product but just the absence of 
blending, which has naturally resulted in less purity. Mixing 
of various latices has, of course, long been done in Africa also 
by natives — especially in parts where natives &rt forced to hT\ng 
in so much rubber and cannot be particular as to which plant or 
tree it comes from, or whether it is from one or more species. 
The result is that low prices are obtained, latex of Landolphias 
useless for rubber purposes often being thrown in. 

The evidence so far is that the tensile strength of smoked 
rubber from the Sapium is less than that of Hevea rubber ; but 



50 



THE INDIA RUBBER AA^ORLD 



[November i, 1905. 



rubber gatherers profess ignorance on the subject generally, 
through fear of the contractors they work for. Nevertheless 
a big field of enquiry as to the blending of latices of various 
rubber producing trees, of which Hevta Brasiliensis, Castilloa, 
and Ceara rubber are (in order) so far the chief, is now presented. 

It would take the life time of a chemical expert or two to dis- 
cover which is the best resulting blend. It seems to us that 
the rubber industry with its various blends — which, be itnoted, 
would be made before reaching the market of consumption (the 
American suggestion to leave manufacturers to do their own 
blending overlooks the fact that the particular " blending " in 
question must occur long before the manufacturer is reached, 
namely at the place of production) — may in time become as 
complicated as the tea industry is after the tea has reached the 
buyers' hands, at which point blending in the tea trade begins. 

From the information presented to-day, there would appear 
to be even greater need than before for a Ceylon officer like 
Mr. Frederick Lewis, to be detached for investigation in South 
America, and to enquire specially in regard to rubber blending 
in Pari; while the field for study, before our local "rubber " 
experts-to-be (the chemical analyst, Mr. Bamber,and his assist- 
ant, Mr. Bruce) has been appreciably widened — through the 
work of Mr. Henri Jumelle and Dr. Huber and the attention 
drawn to it by the American consul in Para. 



YIELD OF PLANTED "PARA" RUBBER. 



TO THE Editor of The Indi.\ Rubber World : Referring 
to the following extract from your October i issue (page 
30), there seem to the writer to be some discrepancies in it, and 
he would like to call your attention to the same: 

The London correspondent of The Tinu-s of Ceylon vix'Mes,: "Talk- 
ing to the director of a Straits rubber company this week, he mentioned 
that on their property too coolies a day were hard at work tapping and 
bringing in 12 ounces a day. The yield per tree (the trees being from 
si-t to seven years old) was some 6 ounces from the one tapping, and the 
manager estimated that the yield per tree for the year would be i^ 
pounds of rubber per tree operated upon. The first consignment sold 
last week at bs. ^d. [=$l.50j^]." 

First, the statement is made that loo coolies are bringing in 
12 ounces a day; should not this read i2 pounds per man? 
Second, the amount received from a consignment is mentioned 
in the last line at 6.;. 7(/. or$i.5o|s. Ought this not to be $1.59;^? 

NORTON H. BYAM, 

Secretary Chicago Rubber Planting Co. 
Chicago, Illinois, October 7, 1905. 

The paragraph quoted was given space in accordance with 
our policy to compile from whatever source data bearing upon 
the yield of rubber trees of different species and under varying 
conditions. We do not know what plantation was referred to 
in the Ceylon newspaper; the point which concerned us was 
that He^iea trees "six to seven years old " yielded in a year ijg 
pounds of rubber each, or more than 200 pounds per acre, the 
general practice being to plant 200 trees to the acre. 

Later issues of The Times of Ceylon have devoted much at- 
tention to the rate of yield of Para rubber {Hevea) under culti- 
vation, and the working force needed. Mr. G. H. GoUedge, 
writing in the issue of August 17, regardsthree coolies per acre 
sufficient for tapping rubber planted 200 trees to the acre, so 
long as the yield is only one pound per tree; as the trees in- 
crease in size and the yield becomes larger an additional num- 
ber of coolies would be required. He says: " A cooly should 
tap from 40 to 80 trees per day, according to size of trees - - - 
Latex from the 80 trees produces one pound of dry rubber." 
It must be kept in mind that the Para rubber tree in the Far 
East, as on the Amazon, is tapped many times during the year. 



the yield at each tapping being very small. Where 100 coolies 
are referred to above as bringing in 12 ounces each per day, the 
idea is that they will do this the year round. The " one tap- 
ping " referred to is one period or season of tapping; to gain 
I Is pounds of rubber per tree would involve three such periods 
of tapping in a year, 6 ounces for each period. 

In the issue of August 18, Mr. Francis J. Holloway estimates 
that one cooly — for tapping alone — should be able to take care 
of 125 trees per day up to the time that they yield 3 pounds of 
rubber each per year, and he gives figures to show that 100 
coolies— for tapping and curing rubber — should be sufficient for 
100 acres of rubber, planted 200 trees to the acre and yielding 
600 pounds of rubber per acre, but this involves working every 
day in the year. His figures analyzed show an average collec- 
tion of about 2 pounds daily for each hand employed at.tapping, 
but this refers to older and more productive trees than on the 
Straits plantation mentioned by Mr. Byam. 

Mr. W. W. Bailey writing in the issue of August 19 says: 
"Our men bring in from i to \\i and lYt pounds of rubber 
per day per man, and when our trees get older we shall get 2 
pounds per man per day." But supposing one man brings in 
only one pound per day, and works only 300 days in the year, 
666 tappers would be able to take 200.000 pounds of rubber from 
1000 acres. The writers quoted above are among the leading 
Ceylon and Straits planters of rubber. 

The above figures of yield seem liberal, in view of the fact 
that mature native rubber trees in the state of Pard are tapped 
perhaps 100 times in a year to obtain often less than 5 pounds 
of rubber, though trees never before tapped may yield 10 pounds. 
None of these considerations, however, apply necessarily to 
other species of rubber than Hevea, and this, we assume, is not 
the species our correspondent is planting. 

The London price mentioned is a misprint for $1.60^8, the 
equivalent of the English value, converted at $4.8665 per £. 
—The Editor. 

PLANTING MONEY INSTEAD OF RUBBER. 



THE" directors " of The International Rubber and Trading 
Co. (successor to Mr. John Cudahy's Para Rubber Plan- 
tation Co.) continue to have fun with the misguided investors 
in their merry game of fraud in the name of rubber. Recently 
a printed notice was sent out to the stockholders, without date 
or mention of place of origin, but signed — 

H. S. PERKINS, HARVEY HARDING. 

Secretary. President. 

— stating that an "annual " meeting had been held at Phoenix, 
Arizona, at which had been ratified the proceedings of a "spe- 
cial " meeting at Phanix the day before, and another at Chi- 
cago still earlier ; that a board of directors had been chosen, with 
full power to retire stock and issue bonds; that the directors 
had elected officers and "a general manager who, with our 
chosen working representatives in the field " was leaving for 
South America, where " the working season for rubber " is from 
July to January. 

No names except as above — no figures — nothing but the de- 
tails just quoted, and the assertion : 

The foregoing statement seems to the board of directors suft'icient 
evidence without going further into details, as to who controls the prop- 
erty of the International Rubber and Trading Co., and the only reply 
needed by our intelligent stockholders to any statements that claim 
otherwise. 

How the authors of the circular must have laughed when 
writing " intelligent stockholders !" But did Mr. John Cudahy 
— in case he is still a stockholder — laugh when he got one of 
the circulars? 



November 



1905] 



THE INDIA RUBBER W^ORLD 



51 



RECENT RUBBER I^ATENIS. 



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 
Issued August 22, 1905. 

NO. 797.654, Playing ball. R. G. Wingfield, North Wales, Pa. 
797.707- Obstetrical pad. E. H. Pearson, Washington, I). C. 
797,757. Anti slipping attachment for vehicle tires. W. J. Smith, Ca- 

nastota, N. V. 
797.796. Hose or pipe coupling. E. Devlin, assignor to J. T, Scott, 

both of San Krancisco. 
797.830. Hose rack. C. Wright. Everson. Pa., assignor to Wright 

Manufacturing Co., Wilkinsburg station, Pittsburgh. 
797,865. Tool for wire binding hose to water pipes. A. J. Novachesky> 

Chicago. 
7971895. Horseshoe. Rachel Johnson, Madison, Fla. 
767,908. Eraser. [Comprising a hollow piece of erasing material and 

a squeeze bulb attached thereto.] C. E. McGill, Owensboro, Ky. 
797,927. Nozzle. F. I.. Titswortb, Kenosha, Wis., and H. B. .Sher- 

min. Battlecreek, Mich., assignors to The H. H. Sherman Manu- 
facturing Co. 
797,989. Razor strop, E. Tolman, assignor of one half to G. H. Bra" 

brook, both of Taunton, Mass. 

Issued August 29, 1905. 
798,137. Air brake hose. Frank A. Magowan. Trenton, N. J. 
798,149. Stopper for water bags. C. O. Towne, Torrington, and J- 

H. Woodward, Waterbury, Conn., assignors to The Waterbury 

Brass Goods Corporation. 
798,185. Vehicle tire. [Pneumatic] H. E. Irwin, Galesburg, III. 
798,195. Pneumatic tire protector. A. J. Locher and J. A. Predom, 

Auburn, Cal. 
798,199. Piston rod packing. C. C. Mason, Wilkesbarre, Pa, 
798,225. Tire for wheeled vehicles. F. A. Sterling, London, England* 
798,407. Fountain comb. P. L. Frost, Chicago. 
798,441. Hose coupling. L. R. Nelson, Boulder, Col. 
798,460. Band for hand stamps. L. K. Scotford, Chicago. 
798,508. Pneumatic tire cap. H. Harmon, assignor to The Harmon 

Manufacturing and Distributing Co., both of Chicago. 

Issued Ski'temrer 5, 1905. 

798,608. Milking apparatus [for cows]. J. T. Hoover, Waterloo, 
Iowa, assignor to The Sanitary Cow Milking Co., Minneapolis, 
Minn. 

798.655. Fountain pen. W. Bolles, assignor of one half to J. L. 
Chase, both of Toledo, Ohio. 

798,71s. Storm shield for vehicles. C. F. Wensinger, Fremont, Ohio. 

798,728. Vehicle wheel. J. E. Harrod, Indianapolis, Ind. 

798,767. Rubber shoe. [Claim, i. A molded rubber shoe having 
the margin inclosing the mouth of the shoe and the sole portion 
denser than the uppers, as described. 2. A homogeneous rubber 
shoe having flexible uppers, the sole portion and the margin inclos- 
ing the mouth of the shoe being denser than the uppers, as describ- 
ed.] II. J. Doughty, Providence, R. I., assignor to Atlantic Rub- 
ber Shoe Co. 

798,795. Hose coupling. A. J. Itrich and W. F. J. Lutz, Chicago. 

798,815. Tire for vehicles. H. P. Maxim, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

798,827. Combined hose shut-off and door-opener. P. Pierce, Ken- 
osha, Wis. 

798,893. Breast pump. U. D. Ezell, Kimball, Tex. 

798,895. Rod packing [for pistons]. O. J. Garlock, Palmyra, N. Y., 
assignor to The Garlock Packing Co. 

798,952. Golf tee and blank therefor. O. R. Coast. New York city. 
Trade Marks. 

5,846. Rubber insulating compound. The Okonite Co., Ltd., New 
York city. Essential feature. — The word OKONITE printed on the 
representation of a semi circular section of rubber-covered metal 
conductor. 

7,372. Packing composed of both asbestos and rubber. OseoodSayen, 
Philadelphia. Essential feature.— llbe word TORPEDO, 

7,932. Fabric hose. American Multiple Fabric Co , Providence, R. I. 
Essential feature. — The words BAKER HOSE, between which is ar- 
ranged a triangle, within which is the letter B. 

8,253. Rubber packing, Gibbens & Stream, New Orleans. Essential 
feature. — The letters ALLA. The first L is about twice the size of 
the others and is placed between an A and an L. The second A is 
placed beneath the first L. 



Issued September 12, 1905. 
799'037. Recoil pad for guns. A. T. Duncan, Clinton. Mo. 
799.057. Horseshoe [with rubber cushion]. J. T. Hufty, Delavan, III. 
799,094. Clamping device for pneumatic tires. M. C, Schweioert, 

West Hoboken, N. J., and H. P. Kaft, New York city. 
799,164. Pneumatic tire. T. B. Jeflery, Kenosha, Wise. 
799,216. Syringe. [Vaginal.] F. C. Barnes, Fremont, Ohio. 
799,270. Exerciser. E. Roland, New York city. 

799,278. Tire for wheels. B. T. L. Thomson, Clapham Common, 
England. 

799,293. Detachable securing means for tires. I. Baker, Pasadena, 
Cal. 

799,297. Fountain pen. J. F. Betzler, Akron, Ohio. 

799,301. Train hose coupling. I. I. Caskey, Columbus, Ohio. 

799,355. Bathing cap. W. F. Pfeiffer, Akron, Ohio. 

799,374, Rubber fabric [for tires], C. H. Gray. Silvertown, and T. 

Sioper, Devizes, England — Sloper assignor to Gray. 

799,390, Baby cabinet. M. A. Kuykendall, Portland, Ore. 

799 534- Pressure pad for gilder's tools. W, H, Coe, Providence, 

R. I. 

799,547. Horse collar. G. E. DuBois, assignor of one half to F. R. 

Egee, both of Lenora, Kans. 
799. 551. Antiskidding device for vehicles and cycles. II. S. Eyre. St. 

Leonardson-Sea, England. 

799,575. Pneumatic carpet cleaner. E. E. Overholt, Washington, 
D. C. 

799.618. Eraser holder. J. C. St. John, assignor to Nehokist Mfg. 
Co., both of Boston. 

Trade Marks. 

7,062. Elastic webbing. The Russell Mfg. Co., Middletown, Conn. 
Essential feature. — The representation of a camel bearing a rider 
with a spear in his hand and speeding across a desert represented 
by palm trees and pyramids in the backgpound. 

8,882. Fountain pens of the self-filling type. The Conklin Pen Co., 
Toledo, Ohio. Essential feature. — -The representation of a hand 
holding a fountain pen in an ink well, with a cuff and a portion of a 
coat sleeve at the wrist. 

Issued Septemuer 19, 1905. 

799,638. Resilient tire for road wheels. A. Ducasble, Neuilly, France. 

799.659. Ear trumpet. G. G. Lewis, Syracuse, N. Y. 

799.662. Covering for automobile tires. B. Nathan, New York city. 

799,681. Manufacture of tiling. [Described in The I.ndia Ruhher 
World, February i, 1905 — page 160.] J. A. Sloan, Trenton, 
N.J. 

799.685. Boot [consisting of a low rubber foot portion ; a woven fabric 
top secured thereto ; and having leather extending upwardly from 
the top of the foot portion]. E. G. Stearns, Chicago. 

799.777. Self filling fountain pen. R. Conklin, Toledo, Ohio. 

799,786. Cushion and pump for vehicles. W. S. Freel, Bay City, 
Mich. 

799,806. Nursing bottle. [Nipple.] E. H. Simonds, Berkeley, Calif. 

799,859. Vehicle tire. [Claim. A tire comprising a flexible tube filled 
with a mass of hollow soft rubber bullets each containing gas in a 
state of high compression, whereby each bullet is distended to such 
an extent that it conforms throughout to the adjoining bullets or 
wall of the tube, the gas in each bullet being capable of expanding 
t -.e bullet far beyond its normal capacity when the bullet is released 
from confinement.] Frank A. Magowan, Trenton, N. J. 

799,895. Massage appliance. [Rubber brush, the massaging surface 
formed of the ends of suction cups.] J. E. Doughty and J. R. 
Sanford, Winsted, Conn. 

799.897. Fountain pen. W. I. Ferris, Stamford, Conn., assignor to 
L. E. Waterman Co., New York city. 

799,915. Hose coupling. J. Metzgler, North Braddock, Pa. 

800,039. Fountain pen. F. E. Williams, Janesville, Wis. 

800,112. Tire for vehicle wheels. J. A. Jones, Ilarrisburg, Pa. 

800,129. Self filling fountain pen. R. W^ Corham, Seymour, Conn. 

Trade Marks. 

4,282. Horseshoe pads. Revere Rubber Co., Boston. 
feature.— The word ELITE. 



Essential 



[NoTK. — Printed copies of specitications of United States patents may be ob- 
tained from The India Rubber World office at to cents each, postpaid.] 



52 



THE INDIA RUBBER 'WORLD 



[November i, 1905. 



GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. 

Patent Specifications Published. 

The number given is that assigned to the Patent at the filing of the Applica- 
tion, which in tlie case oftliose listed below was in 19C4. 

• Denotes Patents for A merican Inventions, 

[Abstr\ctkd in the Official Journal, Sf.i-thmlkr 6, 1905.] 



Preserve jar ring. A. J. Krummeich, Rotterdam, Hol- 

Keservoir pen. A. K. Cole, Kidderminster. 
Revolving boot heel. F. A. Ellis and D. Iloneywood, 



10,913 (1904). 

land. 
10,931 (1904). 

II. 134 {1904). 
London. 

1 1,156 (1904). Electric cable. [While stranding electric cables, a tape 
of Chatterton's or other suitable plastic compound is laid on each 
layer or strand so as to be squeezed into the interstices of the sitands 
by the succeeding layer ] C. J. Beaver and E. A. Claremont, 
Knutsford, Cheshire. 

11,240(1904). Waterproof cases for playing balls. G, W. T. l.eeson 
and VV. Hill, Solihull. Warwickshire. 

1 1,244 (1904). C.olf ball [formed of hollow shell of a composition con- 
taining celluloid as the chief constituent and mixed with a heavy 
material to give weight.] C. de Biiren, Geneva, Switzerland. 

•11,360 (1904). Construction of punching bags, footballs, and the like. 
A. Lindsay, East Orange, New Jersey. 

[AaSTRACTBD IN TMB OFFICIAL JoUBNAL, Sf.I'TEMURR 13, 19O5.] 

11,422 (19O4). E.ierclsing apparatus. W. Sutton and S. Lord, Liver- 
pool, and W, S. Kerr, Southport. 

11,426(1904). Pneumatic tire [protected from puncture by transverse 
metal plates]. H. David, Paris, France. 

11,462(1904). Rim for pneumatic tires [with one detachable flange or 
retaining ring]. A. H. Culley and D. E Brown, Forrest Hill, 
Kent. 

11,516(1904). Pneumatic tire [protected from puncture by a chain of 
metal plates between cover and inner tube]. F. Nusch, London, 
(L. Vanderpere-Simon, Ixelles, Belgium.) 

11,624(1904). Air cushion. E. Katzenstein, Berlin, Germany. 

11,771(1904). Pneumatic tire [protected from slipping by a ribbed 
cover built up of metallic links]. R. E". P. Craven, Armley, Leeds. 

11,782 (1904). Life belt. F'. C. N. Parizot, Bremen, Germany. 

11,795 (1904). Leather protector for pneumatic tires. J. Lines, War- 
rington. 

11,858(1904). Hose coupling [for railway air brake]. E. C. Ladner, 
N. J. Kessels, and C. E. Hayes, Brisband, (,)ueensland. 

*il,86i (1904). Pneumatic tire [with protective pad of asbestos]. C. 
W. Maxon, West Bay City, Michigan. 

11,918(1904). Heel protector. C. J. Axten, London, and W. May, 
East Ham. 

I VhSTRACTED IN THE OfFICIAU JoURNAL, SEPTEMBER 20, 1905 } 

11,924(1904). Two part rim for elastic tire. C. P. E. Schneider, Le 
Cieusot, France. 

12,148(1904). Pneumatic tire [with non skidding band of leather]. E. 
Stachl, Bristol. 

•12,169(1904). Obstetric operating pad. H. J. Haddan, London. 
(Meinicke & Co., New York.) 

•12,301 (1904). Waterproof suits for swimming. N. B. Lawson, Mus- 
kegon, Michigan. 

12,401 (1934). Pneumatic tire [having a tread notched transversely to 
prevent slipping]. T. Jackson and A. Miles, Cheltenham. 

12,463(1904). Pneumatic tire [with means for automatically closing 
punctures]. E. Montecuccoli, Vienna, Austria. 

f Abstracted IN THE Official Journal, Skptbmber 27,1905.1 
12,511(1904). Mold for golf balls. P. H. Haddleton, London. 
■ 2,533(1904). Mold for pneumatic tire covers. A. J. Boult, London 

(J. M. Piquera, Paris, France.) 
12,524 (1904). Pneumatic tire [prevented from creeping by pins in 

wardly projecting from the rim flanges and entering eyeletted holes 

in the thickened edges of the tire]. A. S, Morrison, Pinner, Mid 

dlesex. 
12,661 (1904). Grip for handle of a cricket bat or game club. E. L 

Curbishley, Manchester. 
12,705 (1904). Fountain pen filler. J. M. Nolan and A. K. Watts 

London. 
• 12,892 (1904). Apparatus for soling leather boots with India-robber 

G. F. Butterfield, Boston, Massachusetts. 
12,911 (1904). Packing rim for valves. A. E. Davis, Johannesburg 

Transvaal. 



* 12,912 (1904). Pneumatic motor tire [consisting of a rubber covered 

annulus made of metallic wire spirals]. T. Midgley, Columbus, 

Ohio. 
12,933(1904). Elastic tire [having a series of spiral springs fitted in 

compression between it and the wheel rim]. E. W. Bache, West 

Bromwich. 
12,999 (1904). Pneumatic tire [constructed of a number of independent 

air chambers. F. G. McKin, London. 
13,006 (1904). Pneumatic tire [with protective metallic treadj. A. 

Pereno, London, and J. Coulon, West Kensington. 
Patents Applied For — 1905. 

Space is given here only to Applications for Patents on Inventions from the 
United States. 

17,691. J. J. Bowes, Jr., Washington City, Hose coupling. Sept. I. 

17,842. The British Thomson Houston Co., Ltd., London. Improve- 
ments in and relating to wire coating machines. (The General 
Electric Co.. Schenectady, New York.) 



THE FRENCH REPUBLIC. 

Patents Issued (Wuh Dates of Application). 
256 (Feb. 24, 1905). Firm of Geoflroy & Delore. Covering of 



352 
352 
352. 

352 

352 
352 

352, 
352 
352, 

352. 
352. 

352 
352. 
352. 

352: 

352. 
352. 

353, 
353. 

353, 
353 

353 
353 
353. 

353 

353 

353 

353 



very fine copper wires for electrical purposes. 

365 (March 14). J. M. Padgelt. Device for repairing pneumatic 
tires. 

371 (March 14). Firm of Robinson Brothers, Ltd., and Mr. Clift. 
Process of reclaimine rubber. [See The India Rubber World, 
October i — page 11 ] 

407 (March 15). R. Dersonne de Sennevoy. Air chamber with 
independent sections for tires. 

416 (March 15). Dr. Alexander and Fosnansky. Elastic tire. 
426 (March 16). J. Magnin. Detachable anti-skidding protector 
for pneumatic tires. 

450 (March 16). R. A. Soret. Hoof pad. 
488 (March 22). A. Berthelier. Pneumatic tire and rim. 
504 (March 18). E. M. M. Houel. Double carriage suspension by 
metallic springs and pneumatic tubes. 
535 (March 20). B. T. L. Thomson. Wheel tire. 
598 (March 21). W. R. Sine and J. S. Rosenthal. Improvements 
in the manufacture of Caoutchouc articles. [Process of the Rein- 
forced Hard Rubber Co., Jersey City, United States.] 
6 ig (March 22). F. Veith. Air chamber for pneumatic tires. 
F. M. Miller. Hoof pad. 
J. H. Bontemps. Protected air chamber for 



682 (March 24). 
694 (March 24). 
pneumatic tires. 
715 (March 20), 
S27 (March 29). 
839 (March 29) 



L. J. Vialle. 
L. L. Picat. 



Elastic tire. 

Nonpuncturable tube for pneumatic 



J. L. Didier. Pneumatic tire. 

D. Couverchel. Armored pneumatic tire cover. 

P. de Schostakourky. Process of spinning cov- 
ers over vulcanized Caoutchouc tubes. 
1 10 (April 7). L Noel. Valve for pneumatic tires. 
121 (April7 ). F. Beauvois. Method of attaching anti-skidding 
elastic tires. 
138 (April 7). 
202 (April 6). 
tires. 

385 (April 15). 
413 (April 15). 
436 (Feb. 16). 
matic tires. 

438 (Feb. 17)- 

bias cut bands 

469 (April 14). 

cover. 

491 (April 17), The Swinehart Clincher Tire and Rubber Co., 

Akron, United States. Elastic tire. 

527 (April 17). E. Lapierre. Protector for pneumatic tires. 



Dravy and Medhurst. Pneumatic tire. 
De Dion and Bouton. Elastic tire. 
B. H. Chameroy. Anti-skidding protector for pneu- 

A. L. Adams. Rolling up machine for straight or 

A. de Mans. Tire with anti-skidding reinforced 



[Note. — Printed copies of specifications of French patents may be obtained 
from R Bobet, Ingenieur-Counseil, 16 avenue de Villiers, Paris, at 50 cents each, 
post paid.] 

Liberia. — The Liberian Development Co.. Chartered and 
Limited (London), have registered a lien for /4000 [ = $19466] 
in 7 per cent, debentures, charged on 15,000 fully paid £\ shares 
in the subsidiary Monrovian Rubber Co., Limited, through 
which is held the concession for gathering rubber in Liberia. 



November i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



53 



NEW GOODS AND SPECIALTIES IN RUBBER. 



THE COILE BATH TUB. 

THIS is a soft rubber, inflatable, collapsible bath tub, with- 
out wooden or metallic stays or bars, designed for the 
purpose of conveniently and safely administering the 
Brand (bath) treatment to typhoid fever patients and 
others requiring this treatment, without necessitating their re- 
moval from the bed. The bath is recognized by the medical 
profession generally as the best known treatment in typhoid 
fever, but its use is limited by a lack of suitable bath apparatus. 
The best authorities agree that whenever the Brand treatment 




has been used it has greatly reduced the mortality rate. The 
device patented by Dr. Henry P. Coile, Knoxville, Tennessee, 
and here illustrated, is a full sized bath tub with an air pump 
attached. The bottom of the tub is a strong oval rubber sheet. 
The walls attached to the margin of the bottom are a series of 
superimposed communicating horizontal air chambers, extend- 
ing entirely around the bottom. Inflated they form a strong air 
cushioned wall ; collapsed they form a border around the bottom 
which is not of sufficient thickness to be in the way of helping 
the patient on or oR the deflated tub. Air escape valves are 
placed on both ends of the tub, which serve the purpose of 
allowing it to rapidly collapse alter the bathing has been done. 
On a level with the bottom is a funnel sleeve through which 
water may be poured into the tub. It serves also the important 
function of quickly emptying the tub when desired, by lowering 
its extremity into a vessel on the floor at the side of the bed. 
This is essentially a portable bath. The tub, pump, towels, 
rubbers, and sponges may be packed for easy transportation in 
a suit case and carried by a boy or conveyed by a physician in 
his carriage to the patient without inconvenience. It may be 
used on a suitable hospital carriage or a table, but is especially 
designed for use on the patient's bed. The United States 
patent on this device. No. 755.747, was dated March 29, 1904. 

DR. TULLAR's FRENCH DOUCHE. 
This new syringe is made entirely of rubber, and has many 
advantages over other syringes of similar appearance. The 

patent vaginal spray- 
ing dilator is entirely 
different from all 
others. It is made 
.91^ °f highly polished 



jets tocome indirect contact with allsurfaces. With the "French 
douche," the outflow of injected fluid is not obstructed, as with 
the old style syringe ; it flows along the spiral grooves, thor- 
oughly deterging the entire passage. This syringe being made 
with a special bulb, and also extra large valves and supply pipe, 
has four times the spraying capacity of bulb syringes of this 
general appearance ; with one insertion of the pipe any quantity 
of water or medication, may be used. [The Seamless Rubber 
Co., New Haven, Connecticut.] 

PEERLESS RUBBER WAINSCOTING. 

The illustration 




hard rubber, and has curved dilating flanges or extensions, 
which keep the parts expanded when in use, causing the 28 spray 



re- 
lates to an entirely new 
material for wainscoting 
bathrooms and lavato- 
ries in parlor and sleep- 
ing cars, hospitals, and 
the like. It is absolutely 
impervious to liquids, 
thereby presenting a 
surface thoroughly sani- 
tary, clean, and hygienic. 
It will not crack or peel. 
It is made in sheets of 
any width to 36 inches, 
and in any length that 
may be desired. As 
made usually the thick- 
ness of body is ,',; inch, 
the molding '/s inch, and 
base X inch. The trade 

is invited to ask for samples and prices. [The Peerless Rubber 
Manufacturing Co., New York.] 

-STEARNS'S PUNCTURE RESISTING TIRE. 

In a new form of pneumatic motor tire the inflatable inner 
tube has wrapped about it two or more puncture resisting pads, 
the whole being protected by an 
outer sheath. The form of one of 
these protective pads is shown in 
cross section in the lower part of the 
illustration ; the general form of 
construction in the upper part. Each 
pad consists of a casing of thin rub- 
ber, filled with cotton fiber in the 
form of felt. Between each two pads, 
and between the last pad and the 
outer cover, is a thin layer of rub- 
berized cotton duck, designed as a 
" binder "to hold the different parts 
of the tire more closely together. 
The inflation of the inner tube 
serves to compact the fiber pads, 
and thus add to their resistance to 
puncture. Besides, the alternation 
of pads and "binders" renders a nail, for example, less 
liable to penetrate to the air tube than if the protective body 
were in a single layer, even if equal in thickness to the tire as 
now constructed. This tire has been patented by William F. 
Stearns, a rubber factory superintendent at Batavia, New York ; 
United States patent No. 794,197. 




54 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[November i, 1905. 






NEW AUTOMOBILE APPAREL. 
In the way of novelties in automobile clothing this season, 
particularly noticeable are rubber surface goods in tan, terra 

cotta, pearl, and 
other colors, 
which are not only 
new butattractive. 
These are to be 
seen in garments 
for both men and 
women, and in ad- 
dition to "auto 
CAP WITH CAPE. shirts," coats and 

cloaks, they are also made up into hats, 
caps, etc., to match. One of the illustra- 
tions herewith shows an Auto Shirt, 
which while it is the original garment 
made for automo- 
bile purposes, still 
remains popular 
and has a very 
large sale. It is 
put on the sameas 
a shirt, has storm 
AUTO SHIRT. SOU'WESTER. fly front, draw 

strings at collar and sleeves, and is cut full in length and skirt. 
This is made in all the colors mentioned above, in addition to 
black, white, and pearl. For ladies' wear similar goods are 
made up into cloaks with detachable hood. Two other illus- 
trations relate to sou'wester hats and caps with capes. These, 
by the way, comprise only a few of the items of interest in the 
latest catalogue of Hodgman Rubber Co. (Nos. 806 S08 Broad- 
way, New York). 

A NEW STYLE IN FOUNTAIN SYRINGES. 
Fountain syringes have been not only improved in effec- 
tiveness by the constant eflorts of inventors from the date of 

the first introduction of such 
goods in use, but, like many 
other articles in rubber, they 
continue to be brought out 
in novel styles, which add to 
their attractiveness, as well as 
possessing new advantages. 
The cut herewith relates to a 
distinct novelty in the matter 
of appearance of the class of 
goods referred to. The bag 
illustrated may be described as 
resembling very closely a 
ladies' chatelaine hand bag. 
The top is provided with a 
handle, as if to be carried by 
hand, and with a chain. The 
principal idea is to render 
the article as inconspicuous as possible. Rut the main object 
is to provide a fountain syringe which will remain unnoticed 
if any stranger accidentally gazed into the owner's grip when 
she was traveling. [Whitall Tatum Co., New York.] 

"peerless" sponge landing pad. 

The interior of the firemen's landing pad illustrated in this 
cut is porous and spongy. When a fireman "sliding down the 
pole " lands on this pad the air in the cells is compressed, and 
it expands again when the pressure is removed. Made from 



pure Pard rubber such a pad is sufficiently elastic to take up 
any jar and shock caused by landing on it. It is referred to as 








being very durable and lasting, and it maybe added that it is 
listed higher than the air cell or cushion pads. [The Peerless 
Rubber Manufacturing Co., New York.l 

"hemisphere" cuspidor mats. 
The illustration relates to a new and attractive design for a 
rubber mat which serves excellently 
for use under cuspidors, pitchers, 
flower pots, and the like, and is 
made with a raised border to pre- 
vent damage to carpets and floors 
from water running over. This mat 
IS particularly suitable for hotels, 
public buildings, steamboats, rail- 
way stations and cars, conserva- 
tories, and porches. A design pat- 
ent has been applied for. The mats 
are made in sizes from 12 inches to 18 inches in diameter, and 
listed at $7 to §1 1 per dozen. [The New Jersey Car Spring and 
Rubber Co., Jersey City, New Jersey.] 




PROGRESS IN COLOMBIA. 

AN early issue of The India Rubber World will contain 
a resume of the rubber situation in the republic of Col- 
ombia which will serve to throw some new light on this little 
known country. Colombia is twice the size of Texas and has 
almost unlimited natural resources. It is in this country that 
the Muzo emerald mines, the finest in the world, are located. 
Colombia is the first in emerald production and the second in 
platinum. In total gold produced she is third and when Cal- 
ifornia stamps replace the crude wooden ones now in use she 
will rival the best. Her coal is only developed for local use, 
but with railroad facilities Colombia will coal all the steam- 
ers going to the Panama canal from her immense beds. Col- 
ombian coflfee is still brought out by tortuous mule journeys and 
is among the finest that comes to the market. Her cattle go 
to Cuba by the hundreds of thousands. Various American and 
French firms are engaged in shipping mahogany and cedar, 
the only kinds of her many woods known outside of the coun- 
try. In the palmy days of wild India-rubber gathering, with its 
ruthless destruction of trees, Colombia stood at the fore [see 
The India Rubber World, October i, 1901 — page 8], and 
now again is coming into prominence as shipper of cultivated 
rubber. The Colombians have learned their lesson and her 
last revolution was a moral one, with the result of putting into 
power General Reyes and a government representing both po- 
litical parties, with " Progress " for their watchword — and they 
seem to be going about it in the right way. 



The pneumatic motor tire to be manufactured by The 
Firestone Tire and Rubber Co. (Akron, Ohio), mentioned in 
the last issue of this paper (page 25) is that covered by the 
patent of H. A. Palmer, instead of Theron R. Palmer as stated 



November i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBL.ER ^VORLD 



56 



RUBBER INTERESTS IN EUROPE. 

A RUBBER FACTORY IN SWITZERLAND. 

THE first establishment in Switzerland for the manufacture 
ol technical (mechanical) goods of India-rubber, Gutta- 
percha, and Asbestos was established in 1895 as a department 
of the wire and cable works of the firm R. & E. Huber, at Plaf- 
likon, in the canton of Zurich, which date from 1880. The rub- 
ber department has grown in importance until it now gives em- 
ployment to about 100 people, and motive power equal to 500 
HI', derived from Betzau, 17 kilometers distant. Pliitfikon, by 
the way, contains about 4000 people and is situated 10 miles 
from Zurich. The illustration on this page shows the entire 
works of the Messrs. Huber. Their production of rubber goods 
consists largely of hose in great variety as regards size, color, 
and purposes for which it is employed. There are also made 
belting, packings, mats and malting, rubber rollers for numer- 
ous purposes, and insulating material in hard and soft rubber- 
including pure gum strip. The company have made treads for 
automobile tires and purpose taking on the production of com- 
plete tires. Some druggists' goods have been made. The as- 
bestos used is chiefly in connection with rubber for special 
packings. 
GUTTA GENTSCH IN GREAT 

BRITAIN. 
At the third annual meet- 
ing of shareholders of The 
New Gutta-Percha Co. (Lon- 
don. September 29) the gross 
profit of the year's trading 
was reported to be ;^266 gs. 
SJ. It was explained that 
time is required for tests satis- 
factory to possible buyers of a 
new insulatmg material. Their 
customers, however, already 
included the admiralty, sev- 
eral railway companies, and 
other concerns of importance, 
and letters were read from 

engineers of these companies expressing the most favorable 
opinions of " Gentsch." In certain quarters their goods had 
been objected to on the ground of not being " all British,'' 
whereupon manufacturing arrangements had been completed 
with Johnson it Phillips, Limited, of Old Charlton, Kent, and the 
opposition of " the India-rubber and Gutta-percha ring " would 
be circumvented by selling arrangements made with Verity's, 
Limited, who had branches throughout the kingdom and wide 
export connections. In connection with the arrangement with 
Johnson & Phillips, a new company will be formed to be called 
the Parnax Cable Manufacturing Co., Limited. Pernax is the 
name adopted for the quality of their material to be specially 
used for the insulation of land cables, as opposed to Gutta- 
Gentsch, which will be retained for submarine insulation. Ne 
gotiations were under way for the sale ol the French patents to 
a syndicate on what was believed to be favorable terms. [Gut- 
ta Gentsch is described in Thk India Rubiskr World Septem- 
ber I, 1902 (page 385); October i, 1902 (page 9) ; January i, 
1905 (page 131).] 

RUBBER GOODS HIGHER IN AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. 

Manufacturers of rubber goods on both sides of the 
Leitha river have advanced the prices of their products, by 
reason of the enormously high prices of the crude material. 
The advance amounts to 15 per cent, for goods the price of 



which is less than 10 kronen, and to 20 per cent, for goods sold 
at more than 10 kronen. It has been in force since September 
15. [10 kronen=S2.03.] 

GERMANY. 

Vereinictf. Gummiwaaren-Fabriken Harburg-VVien, who 
had already a factory at Hannover, have purchased the ex- 
port business there of Gerlach & Cie. (Bodeckerstrasse 22), 
which will be continued for the sale of druggists' and surgical 
rubber goods. 

= The German manufactureof dressshields(5c/;tf««M;//^r«). 
instead of being in the hands of a few large firms as in America, 
is distributed among a number of relatively small concerns. A 
recent list credits Berlin with 7 producers of such goods; 
Bielefeld 2; Dresden, Frankfurt a/M., Leipzig, and Mannheim 
I each — a total of 13. Two of these firms make other goods, 
including the important Deutsche Kabelwerke Actiengesell- 
schaft, with Af 2,<xx),ooo capital. 

= The Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co., G. m. b. H. (a branch of 
the British Dunlop company), who began manufacturing inde- 
pendently at Hanau, in October, 1904, are reported about to 
build a second factory, to provide for the growth of their 
business. 

GREAT BRITAIN. 

Mr. IsiDOR Frankenburg, 
founder and head of the im- 
portant firm of I. Frankenburg 
& Sons, Limited, electric cable 
and rubber manufacturers, of 
Greengate, Salford (adjoining 
Manchester), has accepted the 
office of mayor for the ensuing 
year. Mr. Frankenburg, whose 
firm was formed origmally in 
1866, has long taken an active 
interest in municipal afTairs, 
becoming a member of the 
Salford council in 1887, alder- 
man in i9oi,and more recent- 
ly justice of the peace. 
RUBBER WORKS OF R. i E. HUBER. ^A. W. Leslie & Co., Lim- 

ited, waste rubber merchants in London, announce that owing 
to the great increase in their business they have removed their 
warehouses and offices from Essex road to 119, Stoke Newing- 
ton road, N., where they should be addressed in future. 

= The Warwick Tyre Co., Limited (Birmingham), announce 
that The Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co., Limited, have been ap- 
pointed, as from October i, 1905, the exclusive selling agents 
for their tires — " Warwick " and " Cambridge ". Purchases of 
the tires thus designated will, therefore, be billed to customers 
by the Duulop company hereafter, and not by the Warwick 
company. 

FIRE IN A GERMAN FACTORY. 

The yearly report of the Actiengesellschaft Vereinigte Gum- 
miwaaren-Fabriken HarburgWien, prepared for presentation 
at the shareholders' meeting on October 28, comes to hand too 
late for review in these pages. Space must be found, however, 
for the reference which the report contains to the recent fire in 
the works at Harburg a/d Elbe, which involved the destruction 
of the original building, erected in 1856. The report says : 

"Since the completion of our annual report, a severe fire 
devastated our Harburg works during the night of October 
6 7, totally destroying the buildings used for the manufacture 
of shoes and tires. While operations in our remaining lines of 
manufacture, including the plant of the Galalith Gesellschaft, 




56 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[November i, 1905. 



have not suffered the slightest interruption, we regret to state 
that it has been necessary to completely suspend the making 
of shoes and tires. 

"The direct damage suffered by the fire, which will amount 
to approximately 2,000,000 marks [=$476,000], is covered by 
insurance. The current book year, however, will be unfavor- 
ably affected by the interruption of operations. Our stock of 
shoes has been partially saved, and we will be in a position to 
satisfy the present demand for rubber shoes in the German 
market. 

" We have already taken the necessary steps for installing a 
provisional plant, and hope to be enabled thereby, with the 
assistance of our Wimpassing works, to meet the requirements 
of our customers as well as circumstances will admit. The tire 
manufacturing season has ended, and we hope to have this 
line in full operation by the time the next season opens. We 
have, however, likewise planned a small provisional plant for 
these goods, and will therefore be in a position to fill all incom- 
ing orders, for which purpose we shall likewise utilize our 
Linden works. 

" Our endeavor will be to build our new plants as rapidly as 
possible, and we shall, of course, equip them with the latest 
and most efficient designs of machinery, so as to find ourselves 
once more capable of manufacturing in the most perfect manner 
our well tried and satisfaction giving products, and to consid- 
erable increase our capacity." 

ITALY. 
According to the Frankfurter Zeitung, of Germany, there 
has been formed at Milan, Italy, a joint stock company under 
the style of Societa Italiana per I'industria della Gomma, with a 
capital of 1,250,000 lire [=$241,250], for the manufacture and 
sale of India-rubber and Gutta-percha goods, and especially 
pneumatic tires for vehicles. From other sources it is learned 
that the object of the company referred to is the exploitation 
of an entirely new tire. The manufacturing will be done at 
the important rubber works of Pirelli & Co. 



THE "NEW ERA" STEAM TRAP. 



NO one but the rubber manufacturer knows how much 
need there is of a good trap, many types developing 
the bad faculty of cutting valves, or blocking them up from 
sediment. The " New Era " defeats this by providing a sedi- 
ment chamber in which everything that could by possibility 
injure a valve or a pipe settles. This chamber is fitted with a 




CROSS SECTION OF STEAM TRAP. 

blow-off, so that once in every few months it can be effectually 
cleaned by the simple opening of a valve. The trap is so sim- 
ple that it really needs no explanation whatever, the cross 



section cut showing enough of the details to make it perfectly 
plain. In brief, it consists of a heavy iron casting with two dis- 
tinct chambers, one for the sediment and one for the float. In 
the latter, the float operates a discharge valve of the Corliss 
type. The only joint is made with a wide surface so that once 
packed it remains tight almost indefinitely. At the top of the 
float chamber is an air cock, through which imprisoned air is 
allowed to escape. The trap is self supporting upon feet inde- 
pendent of the piping. The operation of the trap is as follows : 
Steam mixed with water of condensation and sediment en- 
ters through the inlet pipe and strikes against a batlle plate. 
The sediment then falls to the bottom of its chamber, the con- 
densation passing upward into the top of the sediment cham- 
ber, whence it passes into the float chamber. As the water 
rises in this chamber it raises the float, opens the discharge 
valve and runs out. The falling of the water then closes the 
valve. [Manufactured by Charles F. Hopewell, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts.] 

AUTOMATIC WRAI^PING MACHINES. 



THE accompanying illustration represents an automatic 
wrapping machine especially adapted for the wrapping 
of hose, tubing, or tires, although it may be used to wrap any 
sheet material. This machine is constructed in any desired 
length between frames, the size in general request being 42 
inches in the clear. The frame is made of cast iron, being sup- 
ported at either end by substantial A shaped legs connected by 
rods. The rolls are of seamless steel tubing and made in 




AUTOMATIC WRAPPING MACHINE. 

lengths consistent with the size of the machine, which runs but 
one speed. The approximate weight of the device is 6co 
pounds, though this varies in accordance with the length of 
rolls carried. One of the merits claimed for this machine is 
that its process of operation allows the operator the unre- 
stricted use of both hands. It is claimed to be thoroughly 
practical in design and operation, and it has been extensively 
sold. The manufacturer is A. Adamson, Akron, Ohio. 



Nicaragua.- The details were given in the last number of 
this paper of a contract under which the republic of Nicaragua 
conceded to certain persons a monopoly of gathering rubber on 
the public domain in the department of Zelaya, and the dis 
tricts of Prinzapolka and Rio Grande, from September i, 1905. 
The American (Bluefields) contains a notice signed by Otto L. 
Lehman, as lessee of the rubber trees, warning the public to 
respect the terms of the contract, from which it would appear 
that the contract has been transferred by the original parties. 



November i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^A^ORLD 



67 



NEWS OF THE AMERICAN RUBBER TRADE. 



MAKING RUBBER FOOTWEAR AT LA CROSSE. 

THE La Crosse Rubber Mills Co. (La Crosse, Wisconsin) 
have made their first rubber footwear, the primary line 
being tennis shoes, the first quality being marked " La 
Crosse Rubber Mills Co.", the second quality " Fleet 
Foot ". From this they go on to a general line of rubber foot- 
wear, for which their manufacturing equipment and new build- 
ings are now complete. The company will start, of course, 
with a small ticket but will have a producing capacity of 7000 
pairs a day. 

THE AKRON RUBBER SHOE FACTORY. 
The rubber shoe factory of The B. F. Goodrich Co. (Akron, 
Ohio) is rapidly getting into shape. The main building for the 
work is a four story brick building of the very latest and best 
mill construction, the dimensions being 144 X 96 feet. The 
goods manufactured will be known as the "Straight Line" 
goods, and although the ticket at the present time is but a few 
hundred pairs a day, new help is being rapidly broken in and it 
is being materially increased. 

JOSEPH STOKES RUBBER CO. 
An amendment to the articles of incorporation of the Joseph 
Stokes Rubber Co. (Trenton, N. J.), filed on October 6, with 
the secretary of state of New |ersey, authorizes the increase of 
their capital stock from $50,000 to §150,000. The total capi- 
talization is to comprise 1000 shares of preferred (6 per cent 
cumulative) and 500 shares of common stock, of the par value. 
of $(oo. The decision to increase the capital was reached at 
a meeting of the directors in April last. 

GLENDALE ELASTIC FABRICS CO. 
At a meeting of stockholders of the Glendale Elastic Fabrics 
Co. (Easthampton, Massachusetts), held in Boston on October 
9. it was voted to increase the capital stock from $250,000 to 
$327,600. Mr. George Astill has been elected general manager 
of the company, and director in place of the late Mr. Joseph W. 
Green, and Mr. C. A. Richmond has been elected assistant 
treasurer. 

BOSTON BELTING CO. IN PHILADELPHIA. 
Havinc. made a change in their representation in Philadel- 
phia, the Boston Belting Co. announce the appointment of 
Mulconroy Company, Inc., No. 722 Arch street, Philadelphia, 
as their agent for that city and vicinity. The new agency will 
constantly carry in stock a full line of the Boston company's 
staple goods, which in all cases are marked with their name and 
brand, which are guarantees of excellence, as also is the long 
established position of the company as large manufacturers of 
mechanical rubber goods. 

A WHOLESALE RUBBER HOUSE IN TEXAS. 
The firm of Appel & Burwell Rubber and Tire Co. has been 
formed at Dallas, Texas, to engage in a wholesale business in 
vehicle, automobile, and bicycle tires. It is composed of Fred 
Appel, who has been in the retail trade in Dallas for several 
years, and N. B. Burwell, who has been a traveling salesman 
for rubber tires in the southwest for eight years — latterly for 
the International A. & V. Tire Co. The new firm will do busi- 
ness at the old stand of Mr. Appel, No. 1 10 South Akard street, 
whose retail sale and repairing of bicycles will be continued as 
a side line. The firm write to The India Rubber World: 
"We intend to be primarily a rubber tire distributing house, 
but we will also carry a line of rubber hose, packing, and rubber 



mechanical goods after the first of the year. Our territory will 
include Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Indian 
Territory. We have the only exclusively rubber wholesale 
house in Texas or the southwest. We will have one man on 
the road a greater part of the time." 

UNITED STATES RUBBER CO. — DIVIDENDS. 

The board of directors on October 5 declared a dividend of 
2 per cent, upon the First preferred stock (including all the pre- 
ferred stock now outstanding) for the quarter beginning July 
I, 1905, and a dividend of i>i per cent, upon the Second pre- 
ferred stock for the same quarter, from the net earnings of the 
company. The net earnings for the first six months of the year 
(September partially estimated) are $2,005,887.32. The net 
earnings for the corresponding period last year were $2,105, - 
485.89.==— Application has been made to the New York Stock 
Exchange for the listing of the Second preferred stock, issued 
recently in connection with the merger with the Rubber Goods 
Manufacturing Co. 

SUIT AGAINST A TIRE COMPANY FAILS. 

In the United States circuit court at St. Louis on October 
6 judgment for the defendant was rendered in the suit of 
Augusta L. D. Perry against Rubber Tire Wheel Co. and 
its successor The Consolidated Rubber Tire Co. (New York), 
to recover $60,000 in commissions which John W. Perry 
claimed to have earned by conducting negotiations in Europe 
(or the sale of rights under the Grant patent, covering what is 
known as the "Kelly-Springfield" solid rubber carriage tire. 
Mr. Perry was at one time manager of the Paris branch of the 
defendant companies and conducted negotiations with a Ger- 
man company which he asserts were not carried to a successful 
conclusion through the fault of his employers. He assigned 
his claim to his wife, and this was the basis of the suit. 
LANCASTER (OHIO) RUBBER CO. 

Lancaster Rubber Co., mentioned in this paper last month 
as a new Ohio corporation, is located at Lancaster, in that 
state. It is The Phu-nix Rubber Co., lately of Barberton, Ohio, 
under a new name. Charles J. Franklin, the principal share- 
holder, is president, and M. A. Franklin secretary. It was in- 
tended to begin the manufacture of specialties in the druggists' 
and similar lines before the end of the month just closed. 
RUBBER TIRES AT A CARRIAGE SHOW. 

In connection with the thirty-third annual convention of the 
Carriage Builders' National Association, which was held Octo- 
ber 3-5 in the Secord regiment armory in Philadelphia, being 
largely attended, occurred the customary exhibition of carriage 
accessories which has become so important a feature of these 
yearly gatherings of the trade. There were more than 100 
exhibits. The following tire manufacturing companies were 
represented, most of them by several officers, managers, or 
salesmen : 

Consolidated Rubber Tire Co New York city. 

Firestone and Rubber Co Akron, Ohio. 

The B. F. Goodrich Co Akron, Ohio. 

Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co Akron, Ohio. 

The Hartford Rubber Works Co Hartford, Connecticut. 

Kokomo Rubber Co Kokomo. Indiana. 

Milwaukee Rubber Works Co Cudahy, Wisconsin. 

The Mechanical Rubber Co Cleveland, Ohio, 

National India Rubber Co Bristol, Rhode Island. 

Pennsylvania Rubber Co Jeannette, Pennsylvania. 

The Republic Rubber Co Voungstown, Ohio. 

Stein Double Cushion Tire Co Akron, Ohio. 



58 



IHE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[November i, 1905. 



Sweet Tire and Rubber Co liatavia, New York. 

The Victor Rubber Co Springfield, Ohio. 

Morgan & Wright (Chicago) were represented, but had no 
display of their tires. Exhibits were made also by L. C. Chase 
& Co. (Boston) ; Fairfield Rubber Co. (Fairfield, Connecti- 
cut) ; Fabrikoid Co. (Newburgh, New York) ; and the Rubber- 
set Brush Co. (Newark, N, J.)— of carriage cloth and other car- 
riage accessories. 

NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS. 

United States Rubber Co. : 







Common. 




Prefbrred. 




DATES. 












Sales. 
25.070 


High. 

5Sl^ 


Low. 

5S% 


Sales. 


Hieh. 


Low. 


Week ending Sept. 23 


2,800 


II4?i 


112 


Week ending Sept. 30 


14,100 


$(>% 


53^ 


2,300 


112 


iio!^ 


Weekending Oct. 7 


29.550 


57 


s^li 


1,330 


112 


■I1'4 


Weekending Oct. 14 


14.500 


53'A 


50'A 


1,440 


IMjs 


"Ojs 


Weekending Oct 21 


S,9So 


54 M 


51}^ 


500 


lllH 


• 1-3^ 



Rubber Goods Manufacturing Co. 





Common. 


Prbferrbd. 


DATES. 


Sales. 


High. 


Low. 


Sales. 


HiRh. 


Low. 


Week ending Sept. 23 
Week ending Sept. 30 
Week ending Oct. 7 
Week ending Oct. 14 
Weekending Oct. 21 


3.400 

3.400 

goo 

700 

500 


35^ 

39 

387g 

361^ 

3TA 


34'A 
35 
37 
36 

37 


200 
100 
600 
200 
100 


104 

1043^ 
105 
105 
losX 


104 

104 >^ 

104 

105 

105,!+' 



FORMER RUBBER FACTORIES CHANGE OWNERS. 

The building erected in 1899 by the Model Rubber Co. 

(VVoonsocket, Rhode Island) for a rubber shoe factory, and not 

in use for such purpose for the past three years, has become 

the property of Brindle Brothers, a company organized in July, 



1903, to manufacture narrow woven fabrics. Brindle Brothers 
have been tenants of part of the building from the beginning, 
and now intend enlarging their facilities and occupying the 
whole building. 

= The Standard Rubber Works property at Campello, Massa- 
chusetts, has again changed hands. F"ollowingthe assignment 
of the Standard Rubber Corporation, about the end of 1900, 
this property was bought by Patrick Cavanaugh, of New York, 
who with his associates organized the Standard Rubber and 
Oilcloth Co. This business was discontinued on the death of 
Mr. Cavanaugh, and in October, 1904, the property was pur- 
chased by Rufus P. Maltby, also of New York, as an investment. 
It has now been sold to B. F. Tozier, a manufacturer of Lynn. 
Mass., but the purpose to which it is to be devoted is not stated. 

NEW INCORPORATIONS. 

Emergency Rubber Co., October 4. 1905, under the laws of 
New ^'ork ; capital, $50,000. The India Rubuer World is 
advised: "The president of the company is George R. Fuller, 
who is vice president and general manager of the Telephone 
Securities Co.; S. Schwarzchild is vice president and manager; 
Albert V'ogt, treasurer of the Vogt Manufacturing Co., treas- 
urer ; and E. E. Pfahl, secretary. The office of the company 
will be located at 522 Granite building, Rochester, New York. 
The object of the company is to manufacture rubber shoes and 
other goods in the rubber line." 

= Fidelity Rubber Co., October 10, 1905, under Rhode Island 
laws; capital $5000. Incorporators: LeBaron C. Colt, W. De 
Forest Brown, and LefTerts S. Hoffmann, all of Bristol, Rhode 
Island. Object, to protect a trade mark on certain goods man- 
ufactured by the National India Rubber Co., of which Mr. Coll 
is agent and Mr. Brown secretary. 




^ ^ 




NEW FACTORIES OF THE CANADIAN RUBBER CO. OF MONTREAL, LIMITED. 



Mention has been made in these columns several times dur- 
ing the year of the extensive improvements in progress in the 
plant of The Canadian Rubber Co. of Montreal, Limited, involv- 
ing important additions. On this page is shown a view of an 
entirely new series of buildings on the north side of Notre Dame 
street, Montreal, the floor area of which comprises ^}4 acres, 
all of which is accessory to the older factory plant, comprising 
12 acres of floor space. The large increase in the company's 
business has necessitated the separation of many of the depart- 
ments which previously were covered under one roof. The new 
buildings are devoted especially to the manufacture of carriage 
cloth, proofing, textile and rubbered fabrics, rubber cement, 



druggists' sundries, sporting and stationers' supplies, and other 
specialties. The large general factories are devoted to the com- 
pany 'sother products — " Canadian " rubbers (i 5,000 pairs daily), 
mechanical goods, and so on. Besides making these additions 
to their facilities, the company have installed many improved 
appliances for manufacture, and improved their head offices. 
Handsome displays of the company's goods have been arranged 
in the general office building, and Interlocking rubber tiling 
has been laid down on the floors. Including the general ware- 
house, the company's plant now embraces a total area of 21 
acres. Their products are further referred to in a catalogue 
notice on another page. 



November i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



59 



NEW CAPITAL OF THE UNITED STATES RUBBER CO. 
The application of the United States Rubber Co. to have 
listed on the New Yorlc Stock Exchange their new capital share 
issues was approved by the governing committee of the Ex- 
change on October 25, and due notice given. It will be remem- 
bered that in connection with acquiring control of the Rubber 
Goods Manufacturing Co. a few months since it was agreed to 
increase the capitalization of the United States Rubber Co. by 
$25,000,000, of which $15,000,000 was to be in First preferred 
stock and $10,000 000 Second preferred stock, the amount of 
common stock to remain as before at $25,000,000. It appears 
that there have now been issued 286,403 shares of First pre- 
ferred stock, of which 235.255 are to be exchanged for the old 
preferred stock, share for share, and 51,148 for an equal num- 
ber of shares of preferied stock of the Rubber Goods company. 
There have been issued 83,873 shares of Second preferred stock, 
of which CS.^Siyi are to be exchanged for double the number 
(137,163) of shares of common stock of the Rubber Goods com- 
pany. Prior to May last the outstanding common stock of the 
United Slates company amounted to 236.660 shares, which 
number was increased on May 23 by 13 340 shares of common 
stock issued for cash at par to the Meyer Rubber Co., a con- 
stituent company, which brings the issue of common shares up 
to the total number authorized to be issued. The outstanding 
issues of the United States company to day compared with the 
amounts authorized by its charter (together with its amend- 
ments) are as follows: 

Issued. .Authorized. 

P'irst preferred $28,640,300 $40,000,000 

Second preferred 8,387,300 10,000,000 

Common 25,000,000 25,000,000 

Total |fc2,027,6oo $75,000,000 

The official statement would appear to leave unaccounted for 
$1,529,150 of the Second preferred shares issued thus far. 

It might be added that the total share capital of the Rubber 
Goods Manufacturing Co. outstanding at the date of the merger, 
and the amount of which control has been acquired by the 
United States Rubber Co., compare as follows : 

Total. Acquired. 

Preferred $ 8,051,400 $ 5,114,800 

Common 16,941,700 13,716,300 

Total $24,903,100 !ji8,83i,ioo 

The United States company also embraces in its statement 

the following : 

Consolidated Income Statemknt i-'or Five Months Endinc Au- 
gust 31 , 1905. 

Net sales, boots, shoes and miscellaneous $15,954,566.21 

Cost of goods sold 13. 33°. 7^7-01 

Manufacturing profit S 2,623,769.20 

(leneral and selling e.\penses, including interest, freight, 

taxes and insurance 1,234,826.31 

Operating profits. .1:1,388,942.89 

Other income 162,402.97 

Net profit $1,551,345-86 

[NoTR. — It appears fair to assume that statement embraces no results of oper- 
ations of the Rubber Goods ManufacturinK C'o., the merger of which with the 
United States company had scarcely been accomplished at the date of the ^report. 
— The Editor.] 

GENERAL RUBBER CO. 

According to the statement made by the United States Rub- 
ber Co. in its application to the Stock Exchange, the General 
Rubber Co. was organized March 29. 1904, under the New Jer- 
sey laws, for the purpose of buying, selling, and dealing in crude 
rubber, with an authorized capital of $2,000,000, of which $1,- 
000,000 was paid in cash. The authorized capital was increased 
April 29. igoj.to $5,000,000, of which $2,000,000 additional was 



paid in July, making a total cash capital at present of $3,000,- 
000, of which §2.000.000 is owned by the Meyer Rubber Co, and 
$1,000,000 by the Rubber Goods Manufacturing Co.. each of 
these companies being a subsidiary corporation of the United 
States Rubber Co. The General Rubber Co. on July i, 1905, 
executed an indenture with the Industrial Trust Co. (Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island), as trustee, covering an issue of $9,000,- 
000 ten year gold debentures, bearing interest at 4>i per cent., 
of which $6,000,000 have since been disposed of, under guar- 
antee as to principal and interest by the United Slates Rubber 
and Rubber Goods Manufacturing companies. The paid in 
capital of the General Rubber Co. and the proceeds of these 
debentures is employed for buying and carrying crude rubber, 
practically entirely lor the United States and Rubber Goods 
companies. 

AFFAIRS OF THE HARDMAN RUBBER CO. 
An action at law instituted by Cyril Johnson against the 
Hardman Rubber Co. (Belleville, New Jersey), in which com- 
pany he is a minor shareholder, was widely reported as a suit 
for the appointment of a receiver for the company on the 
hypothesis that entries had been wrongfully made in the com- 
pany's books with the object of avoiding the payment of divi- 
dends. The Hardman Rubber Co. advise Thk India Rubber 
World that no application was ever made to any court for the 
appointment of a receiver for their company, and the question 
of the appointment of a receiver has never been opened or dis- 
cussed before any court or judge. The action brought by Mr, 
Johnson had for its only object the correction of some credits 
made on the books of the Hardman Rubber Co. to the Bellville 
Land and Improvement Co,, to which Mr. Johnson objected, 
claiming that the credits have been wrongfully made with a view 
to avoiding the payment of dividends to his injury as a minor 
shareholder. The vice chancellor has designated January 25 
the day on which the case is to be heard, and has ordered Mr. 
Johnson, the complainant, to present proof at that time of his 
allegation that these items of credit were put wrongfully to the 
account of the land and improvement company. Bradstreet's 
reports that the company's statement of the case is believed 
correct, and authorities regard it as simply a disputed matter, 
which does not afTect the company's credit. The company 
further report that their business is very brisk, and that they 
have at this time more orders for immediate delivery than at 
any previous time in their history. 

MR. HEYL-DIa'S SYNTHETIC RUBBER. 
An invitation to witness the manufacture of Synthetic rub- 
ber is one that most of the trade, whether skeptical or believ- 
ing, would be inclined to accept, and it was therefore not at all 
singular that the Editor of this Journal gladly availed himself 
of the opportunity to see Mr. George E. Heyl-Dia turn a " bas- 
tard " gum into a true Caoutchouc-like product. The experi- 
ment took place in the laboratory at the Safety Insulated VViie 
and Cable Co.'s works at Bayonne, New Jersey. The primary 
product appeared to be a very cheap gutta mixed with chemi- 
cals, probably in powder form. They were not to be identified 
by taste or smell, and there certainly was no true rubber pres- 
ent in the mass. This prepared slab was put into a jacketed 
vulcanizer, in a pan, the bottom of which was made of wire rods 
laid parallel to one another and close together. Steam was 
then turned on, the pressure gage showing an average of 55 
pounds. After three hours the heater was opened and the slab 
had changed into a spongy dark colored product of three times 
the original volume, and was as elastic in that state as fine Para. 
When stretched out into thin films it had a curious greenish 
cast, and smelled not unlike burned sugar. That the experi- 



60 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[November i, 1905. 



nient was successful no one could deny. The product that 
went into the heater cost, it was stated, 53 cents a pound. What 
came out, guessing at shrinkage, looked as if it might be worth 
at least $1 a pound. Of course there was no opportunity for 
the writer to test the gum as to its ability to take up compound 
to vulcanize, or to wear, as against real rubber. 

THE DERBY RUBBER CO.'S RECLAIMING PLANT. 

The rubber reclaiming plant at Shelton, Connecticut, which 
is now one of the oldest in existence, is to be operated in future 
under new conditions. The Derby Rubber Co., incorporated 
February 27, 1S89, with an authorized capital of $20,000, has 
retained its corporate existence though the factory has under- 
gone several changes of management, and the capital has been 
increased to $50,000. As will be seen from the announcement 
which follows, the management of the factory is in the hands 
of Mr. William F. Askam, one of the original incorporators- 
The present officers of the company are : Allan W. Paige, presi- 
dent ; W. F. Askam, vice president ; Charles N. Downs, secre- 
tary and treasurer. The announcement follows : 

We beg to announce that the factory plants of The Derby Rubber Co. , 
located at Shelton, Connecticut, have been thoroughly remodeled and 
equipped with new and modern machinery, and will be operated by the 
owners as a rubber reclaiming factory. 

Mr. W. F. Askam. vice president and general manager of the com- 
pany, who has for many years been engaged in the rubber reclaiming 
business, will have charge of the manufacturing department of the com- 
pany, which is a guarantee that these mills will continue to make the 
well known grades of reclaimed rubber for which they have in the past 
b;;en so well and favorably known. Vours truly, 

THE DERBY RUBBER CO. 
Derby, Connecticut, October 16, 1905. 

TRADE NEWS NOTES. 

Frank C. Howlett (Syracuse, New York) writes to The 
India Rubber World that he is at a loss to know how the 
report got started that he is to open a rubber factory in the far 
West. He has been receiving letters from Seattle, Washington, 
in reference to the matter, and letters have been sent in his 
care for F. E. Elwood, whom he does not know, though it has 
been given out in Seattle that Elwood is in Mr. Howlett's em- 
ploy. Mr. Howlett states that he has no intention whatever of 
starting a factory as reported. 

= Boston Belting Co., through their southwestern selling 
agents, Messrs. Towner & Co., at Memphis, Tennessee, lately 
filled for that city an important order for cotton double jacket 
tire hose, which was put to a severe test, in public, with results 
in every way satisfactory. 

= The Republic Rubber Co. (Youngstown, Ohio) were men- 
tioned in our July issue as adding to their plant an extensive 
brick building. By putting a roof over a large open space be- 
tween two of their main buildings they are now still further in- 
creasing their room. The additions, when finished, will give 
them more than 50 per cent, additional floor space. 

= ln view of the large amount of printed matter required in 
the factory of the National India Rubber Co. (Bristol, Rhode 
Island), in the shape of tickets, slips, labels, and the like, not 
to mention the stationery required in the office, the company 
have installed in their plant an outfit for doing their own 
printing. 

= Frank A. Magowan, formerly prominent in the rubber in- 
dustry in Trenton, New Jersey, of which city he was also mayor 
at one time, appears to have turned his attention of late to in- 
vention, patents having been issued to him for an automobile 
tire constructed so as not lobe injured in case of puncture, and 
also for a new article in air brake hose. 



= The Robins Conveying Belt Co. (New York) have secured 
the contract for belt conveyors for the United States naval 
coaling station at Olongapo, Philippine islands. They are men- 
tioned also as having secured a large order for belt conveyors 
for the Santander (Spain) iron mines. 

= The Mitzel Rubber Co. (Carrollton, Ohio), have opened an 
office and placed a stock of their druggists' and other sundries 
at No. 205 Medinah temple, Chicago, under the management of 
Charles H. Ten Eyck. 

= The Boston Woven Hose and Rubber Co. are said to be 
the largest manufacturers of tire tape in the United States. 

= The Standard Rubber Co. (Trenton, New Jersey), men- 
tioned in the last number of this paper as having been incor- 
porated, has been organized by the election of James D. Brady, 
president; A. C. Reves, vice president ; and John M.Wright, 
secretary and treasurer. These also comprise the board of 
directors. 

= Yatman Rubber Manufacturing Co., manufacturers of 
molded goods at Newark, New Jersey, have removed from 
No. 224 High street to No. 267 Mt. Pleasant avenue. 

= S. Birkenstein & Sons (Chicago), dealers in all kinds of 
rubber scrap, in connection with new and old metals, have, for 
the purpose of largely increasing their facilities, removed to 
ne^f quarters — Nos. 64-74 Ontario street. 

= The Canadian Rubber Co. of Montreal, Limited, were 
awarded a gold medal at the Provincial Exhibition at Halifax, 
Nova Scotia, last month, for their exhibition of general rubber 
goods, comprising belting, hose, packing, and the like, and also 
rubber footwear. 

= C. J. Bailey (No. 22 Boylston street, Boston) has gone 
West on a tour in connection with his specialties, and also for 
his " Won't Slip " tire, which is already a wonderful success. 

^Joseph G. Moomy, a veteran in bicycles and bicycle tires, is 
running an automobile tire repair shop in Erie, Pennsylvania, 
and doing some very interesting work in the repairing of dam- 
aged tires. 

^The Continental Rubber Works (Erie, Pennsylvania) are 
doing a fine business in the manufacture of inner tubes for auto- 
mobiles. 

= Mr. D. C. Spraker of the Kokomo Rubber Co. (Kokomo, 
Indiana), has returned from a trip to the Pacific coast, during 
which he visited the Lewis and Clark Exposition at Portland, 
Oregon. 

■=Mr. Harry G. Woodard, well known and very popular 
wherever tires are marketed, has become the manager of 
the New York branch of the Diamond Rubber Co. (Akron, 
Ohio.) 

= William Seward, Jr., has resigned his position as vice pres- 
ident of the Hartford Rubber Works Co., his connection ter- 
minating on September 30. Mr. Seward took an active inter- 
est in the factory baseball team, and on the date mentioned was 
given a silver loving cup by the members of the team. 

= F. G. Saylor, of Franklin. Massachusetts, lor some years 
connected with the rubber trade, is developing a new tire 
known as the " M. & S." It is not of the pneumatic type, but 
will be used chiefly for heavy vehicles. 

= Mr. C. E. W. Woodward, formerly connected with The 
Fisk Rubber Co. (Chlcopee Falls, Massachusetts), is acting as 
tire expert and counsel for the Knox Automobile Co., and the 
Olds Motor Works. 

= The original and interesting little monthly The Pneus, 
edited by Mr. Burton R. Parker at Chicopee Falls, Massachu- 
setts, and devoted, as may be judged from the title, to automo- 
bile tires, is one of the most entertaining publications in the 
trade. 



November i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



61 



= This is not in the line of an advertisement, but Mr. T. W. 

Miller o( the Faultless Rubber Co. (Akron, Ohio), has for a 
year past been whirling around Akron, up and down its steep 
hillsand over the questionable roadsof its outskirts in a Frank- 
lin runabout which has had no disease at all during that time, 
not even " tire sickness." 

= Thc factory of the U. S. Rubber Reclaiming Works at Buf- 
falo, New York, continues to be enlarged and improved, indi- 
cating a constant growth in the business of the company. Ref- 
erence to the company's advertisement on another page of The 
India Rurbek World will show to the reader the latest and 
most comprehensive view of the buildings now occupied. 

= TheSwinehart Clincher Tire and Rubber Co. (Akron, Ohio) 
have established a New York office at No. 1773 Broadway, in 
charge of Mr. Herbert C. Comstock as manager. 

= Creditors of the North .\merican Rubber Co. ( New York), 
in bankruptcy, have received notice from William H. Willis, 
referee, of a dividend declared on their claims, duly proved 
and allowed, of 7 per cent., payable on and after October 31. 

- B. Loewenthal & Co. (Chicago and New York), dealers in 
old rubber, announce the withdrawal of Edward D. Loewenthal 
from their firm, as from September 21. 

= f<eferring to rumors that the plant of the Falcon Rubber 
Co. (New Haven, Connecticut), was about to pass into new 
hands, an official, in connection wiih the regular monthly meet- 
ing of directors in October, was quoted as saying that no bid 
had been received for the property. The Falcon company was 
organized early in 1904 to make druggists' sundries, but has 
not been at work during the last six months. 

= The Standard Self- Filling Fountain Pen Co. (Toledo, 
Ohio) have been encouraged by their success in marketing 
their patent fountain pen to put in plant for working their 
own hard rubber parts. They have installed three lathes and 
also buffing wheels and other machinery lor turning, cutting, 
and polishing pen barrels, caps, and feeds, together with a die 
press for doing imprint work. 

=The Foster rubber sole, manufactured by the Foster Rub- 
ber Co. (Boston), is being adopted by many large leather shoe 
manufacturers for next season's goods. 

= Mr. B. T. Morrison, treasurer of the Reading Rubber Mills 
(Reading, Massachusetts), is on his way back from quite an ex- 
tended vacation, most of it spent on the Pacific coast. 

= The L. C. Chase Co. (Boston), whose robes are known the 
world over, are out with still another type of trouser robe for 
automobilists. which looks as if it were a winner. 

= The repair factory attached to the Lovell Manufacturing 
Co. (Erie, Pennsylvania), is now turning out 4500 wringer rolls 
per day. 

= Frank Reifsneider (Akron, Ohio) is selling to the rubber 
trade a white earth that he mines somewhere in the west, which 
he characterizes as Aluminum Flake. 

= The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. (Akron, Ohio) sold last 
year 30.000 of their Saunders Pneumatic golf ball. This year 
the trade absorbed 30,000 dozen ; a very healthy increase. 

= Mr. Albert T. Holt, formerly of the Victor Rubber Co. 
(Springfield), has accepted a position with the Miller Rubber 
Manufacturing Co. (Akron, Ohio). 

= It is reported that the Oregon Railroad and Navigation 
Co. have decided to equip all their passenger coaches with rub- 
ber matting instead of twine and carpet matting in the aisles, 
on account of the sanitary advantage from the change. 

= Worcester Rubber Tire Duck Co. (Worcester, Massachu- 
setts) September 22, 1905, under the laws of Maine; capital 
$25,000. Incorporators: A. F. Moulton, E.G.Wilson, and 
John Howard Hill, all of Portland, Maine. 



= The Forest City Rubber Co. (Cleveland, Ohio), October 17, 
1905, under Ohio laws; capital, $25,000. Incorporators: Fred. 
W. Hempy. Frank H. Hempy, John C. Poore, George C. King, 
William E Crofut. 

= Oriental Rubber Co., October 18, 1905, under the laws of 
New Jersey, with $125,000 capital authorized. Incorporators : 
Otto H. C. Arendt, Otto Arendt, Jr., and Michael Sugrue, Jr.. 
all of Newark, New Jersey. Mr. Arendt was one of the found- 
ers of the Paramount Rubber Co. (Newark) and was an officer 
in that company until the factory was disposed of to A. W. 
Faber. 

= Referring to the elastic compound marketed by William 
H. Scheel (No. 139 Maiden lane. New York) mentioned in The 
India Rubber World. April i, 1904 (page 239), it is an- 
nounced that the same is now being offered at a material re- 
duction from the prices hitherto ruling. This is a hydrocarbon 
mineral rubber, which has proved of no little interest to the 
trade. 

= The Suffolk Rubber Co.(Setauket, Long Island ), mentioned 
in The India Rurber World of April last as having been or- 
ganized to make rubber shoes, and later as having begun work, 
are reported to have closed their factory. 
PERSONAL MENTION. 

Mr. William Mills Ivi.n-s, president of the General Rubber 
Co., has consented to become the candidate of the Republican 
party for the office of mayor of New York city, at the elections 
on November 7. A sketch of Mr. Ivins appeared in The India 
Rubber World for August (page 364). 

= Ex Governor A. O. Bourn, of the Bourn Rubber Co. Provi- 
dence (Rhode Island), has returned from his vacation spent in 
Jaffrey, New Hampshire, where he did not fish or shoot, but, as 
he expressed it, "simply held communion with nature." 

= In St. Bartholomew's church. New York, on September 30, 
Miss Beatrice Wright was married to Mr. John Macy Gallaway. 
The bride was the daughter of the late John Bascom Wright, 
of San Francisco, and latterly has lived in New York with her 
uncle by marriage. George Crocker. Mr. Gallaway, who is con- 
nected with the United States Rubber Co., is the son of Robeit 
M. Gallaway, president of the Merchants' National Bank (New 
York), and who was a director in the United States company 
for some time at the beginning. 

= Mr. H. M. Sadler, Jr., who for some years was assistant 
treasurer of the United States Rubber Co. and for a while as- 
sistant general manager also, has become a member of the gen- 
eral stock and bond firm of Markle & Sadler, No. 52 Broad- 
way, New York. 

= Two representatives of the important German rubber works 
Hannoversche Gummi Kamm-Co. Akticngesellschaft - Herr 
Gustav Bartl, one of the directors, and Dr. Paul Stockhardt, 
superintendent of the factory — while recently in the States fa- 
vored The India Rubber World oflices with a visit. 

= Mr. Frederick H. Jones, who was recently elected general 
manager of the Tyer Rubber Co. (Andover, Massachusetts), 
has leased the Booth estate in that town and will occupy it 
as a residence. 

= Mr. E. W. Maynard, president of the Maynard Rubber Cor- 
poration (Springfield, Massachusetts), issued invitations re- 
cently to a whale dinner, having received the present of some 
whale meat from Newfoundland, where such meat is reported 
to be canned extensively for export to England. 

=The fact that Mr. Homer E. Sawyer, general manager of 
the United States Rubber Co., temporarily wears crutches does 
not indicate gout, but a sprained knee which he acquired by 
stepping hastily into a ten-foot pit while going over a rubber 
factory. 



62 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[November i, 1905. 



THE RUBBER TRADE IN AKRON. 



BY A RESIDENT CORRESPONDENT. 

TO THE Editor of The India Rubber World: The 
Alden Rubber Co. and the Pure Ouin Specialty Co., of 
Barberton, have entered into a working agreement, but one 
which cannot be denominated a consolidation, according to the 
officers of the companies. The larger stockholders of both 
companies are the same, and they have come to the conclusion 
that it would we more economical to manage both companies 
under one roof. The full force of both companies will be re- 
tained, but they will have their headquarters in the offices of 
the Alden company, with W. A. Johnson, treasurer of both 
companies, as general manager of the two plants. Charles C. 
Schutz, who has been superintendent of the Pure Gum Spec- 
ialty Co.. will be superintendent of both, and Oliver Joy, who 
has been secretary of the Alden Rubber Co., will have charge 
of the sales and the offices of both companies. 

The Diamond Rubber Co., in accordance with their usual 
custom, sent a corps of expert tire makers and repairers to Long 
Island to look after the company's interests at the Vanderbilt 
cup races on October 14. There were 30 in the party, including 
the company's experts who went to Europe for the last Gordon 
Bennett cup race, in charge of ClifT Myers. The fact that all 
of the American machines in in the race were equipped with 
" Diamond " tires naturally is a matter of self-congratulation 
on the part of the company. 

At the annual meeting of The Diamond Rubber Co. on Octo- 
ber 10 the board of directors was reelected without change, 
and subsequently the officers of the company werealso reelected- 
It is reported unofficially that the capital stock of the company 
is to be increased to $3,000,000, and the facilities increased cor- 
respondingly, though the company are not yet prepared to make 
any announcement of the details for publication. 

The current report in the middle West that the duck hunt- 
ing trip to which Messrs. Haskell and Work recently treated 
themselves was forthe purpose of exploiting a new rubbercored 
bullet, seems to be an error. They used the old fashioned solid 
bullet, and in the contest were about equal in approaching. Mr. 
Haskell seemed to have the advantage in driving, but his lead 
was overcome by Mr. Work, who did some very fine putting. 
The score was suppressed. 

The Motz Clincher Tire and Rubber Co., among the young- 
est rubber concerns in the city, have leased part of a factory 
plant, which they will occupy as business headquarters and for 
the shipment of their tires. Their rubber work will continue 
for the present to be done at the Buckeye Rubber Co.'s fac- 
tory. The Motz company intend soon to exploit actively their 
European patents. 

James Christy's Aladdin Rubber Co., at Barberton, is 
rapidly taking shape, the main factory building being nearly 
completed. It is expected that in the course of sixty days they 
will be turning out their special tire of reclaimed rubber, which 
is to be made by a new process, neither acid nor alkali. 

It was an unusual occurrence when, on October 4. Governor 
Herrick addressed 2000 or more employes of The B. F. Good- 
rich Co., The Diamond Rubber Co., and the Alkali Rubber Co. 
in an open area near the three factories. The speech was made 
at the noon hour, when the men stopped work and absorbed 
mental and political pabulum instead of the usual midday 
meal. Governor Herrick spoke in the interest of his reiilection 
and advocated the enactment of a law to protect bank deposi- 
tors — a subject of interest in Akron on account of the recent 
losses to numerous rubber workers and others through a bank 
failure. 



All the rubber factories in the city were closed on October 5, 
on account of the Summit county fair. This is something that 
has never occurred before, and the attendance at the fair was 
swelled several thousands in consequence. 

The M. i*t M. Manufacturing Co., hitherto a partnership 
between Frank C. Millhoff and E. C. Gammeter, has been incor- 
porated under the laws of Ohio, with $12,000 capital, and will 
continue to manufacture rubber cement. 

Mr. James A. Braden, advertising manager of The Diamond 
Rubber Co., and well known also as an authorand former news- 
paper man, took a vacation during the first part of October, 
spending " Home week " in his native town, Warren, Ohio. 

The people of Akron, having decided to have a first class 
Country Club, have been presented with the Casino building, 
a fine edifice for indoor sports, owned by Messrs. B. G. Work, 
C. C. Goodrich, A. H. Marks, and others of the young men 
connected with the rubber trade of the city. 

Mr. Frank Seiberling, of the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., 
was lately on the Pacific coast. 



THE TEXTILE GOODS MARKET. 



THE cotton duck market at this writing rules exceedingly 
strong, with no indication of a decline. The supply ac- 
cording to best reports is not more than adequate to the demand. 
It is assumed by those who should know that existing condi- 
tions supply and demand almost irrespective of the price of 
raw cotton will sustain the price of cotton goods. The gov- 
ernment report of the amount of cotton ginned to October 18 
showed 4.940,728 bales as against 6,417,894 bales for the corre- 
sponding period last year. Regarding this report a competent 
authority writes: 

"The practically unanimous opinion, however, is that the 
report was susceptible of but one construction, and that a 
bullish one indicating a crop of 10,000,000 bales or less, or 
practically the same as that of two years ago, though some of 
the more radical bulls insist that it points to a yield of not 
much if anything over 9,500,000 bales. Others who consider 
themselves conservative bulls put the crop at 10,500,000 to 
10,750,000 bales but add that it will be inadequate to the de- 
mand for consumption which they estimate at from I2,ooo,oco 
to 12,500,000 bales." 

The call from the rubber shoe trade is equally as active as 
that of the mechanical goods industry and it is estimated that 
when the contract price is fixed, which will probably be within 
the current month, that it may be higher than that of last sea- 
son. So far as the speculative tendency is concerned, it is 
stronger than it has been in two years. Rubber manufacturers 
while necessarily purchasing in the open market to satisfy ex- 
isting needs show no disposition to anticipate, pending the fix- 
ing of the contract basis. Sheetings adapted for rubber trade 
consumption are in very active request, though the paucity of 
supply renders deliveries within the current year virtually im- 
possible. Staple cotton is fully 25 per cent, stronger that it 
was last year, when it was necessary as it generally is to mix 
the raw material with the seasoned cotton. 

This year's crop being of superior quality, mixing was un- 
necessary and the standard fixed by the government much 
easier to meet. Competent authority asserts that cotton will 
not recede from its present figure this fall and claims that 12 
cent cotton will be one of the market features of the early fu- 
ture. The undeniable strength and advancing prospects of the 
cotton market have not up to this time aflected the conserva- 
tive policy of rubber trade buyers. 



NuVKMBEK I, 1905 ] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



63 



Mill agents state that general buyers outside the rubber 
trade are inclined somewhat to speculation, showing a more 
pronounced disposition in this respect than in previous years. 
A strong factor in the present strength of cotton lies in the 
scarcity of labor, which is asserted to be 20 per cent, less than 
its requirement. It is claimed that i per cent, of the total 
cotton crop is consumed in the rubber trade. 



NEW TRADE PUBLICATIONS. 



THE B. F. Goodrich Co, (Akron, Ohio) issue an interest- 
ing booklet under the title "From Tree to Tire", the 
purpose of which is to illustrate the various stages of rubber 
from its source in the South American forests, first to the com- 
pany's factory, and then through various mechanical processes 
to the form of completed, inspected, and tested automobile 
tires. The illustrations are numerous, informing, and well exe- 
cuted half tones. [5,'+' X 7'A"- 22 pages.] 

The Conii.ment.al Caoutchouc Co. (New York) issue a 
catalogue of " Continental Tires," made at Hannover, Ger- 
many, with detailed accounts of their merits, together with 
prices and testimonials from users ; also a compilation of rec- 
ords made in automobile contests. A list of tire accessories is 
included. fsK" >. 8;+". 24 pages.] = =" Opinions of Users of 
Continental Tires " is a brochure made up of reproductions in 
facsiintle of letters from well known automobilists. {^Yi" X 
8". 16 pages.] 

HoDC.M.-\N Rubber Co. (Nos. 806 808 Broadway, New York) 
issue an interesting priced catalogue of Automobile and Motor 
Boat Clothing and Sundries, in which are illustrated a number 
of attractive styles for men's and women's cloaks, jackets, and 
caps. lV,i"y.(>M"- 3' pages.] 

The Ohio Rubber Co. (Cleveland and Cincinnati, Ohio) 
issue for the season 1905-06 a catalogue of Storm Proof Cloth- 
ing — attractive both as a catalogue and on account of the styles 
illustrated — including mackintoshes, cravenette goods, rubber 
surface specialties, and oil clothing. \\" X 9%"- 16 pages.] 
= =: Accompanied by an 8 page price list. 

The various trade catalogues, price lists, and descriptive cir- 
culars issued by The Canadian Rubber Co. ok Montreal, 
Limited, would, if combined in one general catalogue, form a 
volume of several hundred pages. The company have preferred, 
however, to devote separate publications to different lines of 
goods — as Belting, Hose, and Packing; or to classes — as Fire 
Department Supplies, Druggists' Sundries, Rubber Footwear, 
and so on. They are thus able to place in the hands of each 
actual or possible customer printed matter bearing directly up- 
on his interest. Several of their recent issues have been no- 
ticed in these pages, but an inspection of a complete set of these 
catalogues which has been received gives a better impression 
of the extent and variety of the company's production in rub- 
ber goods, than a review of them separately as published. Some 
of the special lists relate to hoof pads, " Everstick " rubber 
shoes, printers' blankets, waterproof textile goods, and so on. 
This collection embodies 21 separate publications, all in Eng- 
lish except a catalogue of Claques el Bottes en Caoutchouc (rub- 
ber boots and shoes) in French. 

R.& E. Huber (PlafTikon, near Zurich), the first manufactur- 
ers in Switzerland of technical India rubber and Gutta-percha 
goods — having added some ten years ago a branch for this 
purpose to their wire and cable factory, founded in 1880— have 
issued a handsomely got up Preis-Courant of mechanical rubber 
goods, such as hose, packings, belting, mats, tt f^/^ra, together 
with some items of asbestos and also hard rubber. The mat- 
ting designs shown are very attractive. [sJi^" X 9". 54 pages.] 



The Peerlkss Rubber Manuiacturing Co. (New York), 
in a booklet entitled " A Few Remarks," puts in a novel and 
readable style some of the good points of " Rainbow " packing. 
Viyi'ys.(>\i\ 16 pages.] 

Anchor Tile Co. (Trenton. New Jersey) issue a book de- 
scriptive of their Anchor Rubber Tiling, with a number of 
views illustrating the variety of attractive color schemes which 
are possible by the use of this tiling. The Anchor tiling was 
described in The India Rubber World February 1, 1905 
—page 160. [7'X"Xiyi". 16 leaves.] 

ALSO RFXEIVED. 

\Vm. F. .Mayo & Co., Boston. =Fall Catalogue No. 6— September, 
1905. 100,000 cases Rubber Boots and Shoes [at bargain sales]. 32 
pages. 

The Rubber Chemical Co., Limited, Birmingham, England. ^Con- 
cerning Nancusi. (A preservative preparation for rubber goods.] 8 
pages. 

The Seamless Rubber Co , New Haven, Connecticut. = Dr. Tullar's 
Hygienic Douche Appliances for Women. 16 pages. 



A MATTER WORTH LOOKING INTO. 



[from la veta (Colorado) " advertiser." | 

WE have at last obtained a sample of the genuine rubber 
weed direct from Buena Vista, sent by Mr. Peter Smith. 
This sample shows both root and bloom surrounded with cot- 
ton. It greatly resembles a weed which grows in abundance 
along our country roads, but whether it is the same or flourishes 
in these parts, we are not at present prepared to say. Those 
interested are invited to examine this specimen and compare it 
with anything else they can find. The matter is worth looking 
into. 



CANDY BARRED FROM A RUBBER MILL. 



ONE of the Providence newspapers reports the issuing 
of an order, at the VVoonsocket factory of the VVoon- 
socket Rubber Co., forbidding the emplojes during working 
hours to suck " lollypops." Not only the 600 girls employed in 
the mill, but a number of the men were indulging in these 
sweets to an extent, so it is said, that led the superintendent — 
though fond of lollypops himself — to fearlhat their work would 
be interferred with. Hence the order, which is said to have 
been obeyed, but not without filling the place with gloom. => = 
The "Century Dictionary" defines " lollypop " as " A coarse 
sweetmeat, made of sugar and treacle, usually with the addition 
of butter and flour ; taffy. [English.]" 



INDIA-RUBBER GOODS IN COMMERCE. 

EXPORTS FROM THE UNITED STATES. 

OFFICIAL statement of values of exports of manufactures 
of India rubber and Gutta-percha, for the month of Aug- 
ust, 1905. and for the first eight months of five calendar years: 



Months. 


Belling. 
Packing, 
and Hose. 


Boots 

and 

Shoes. 


All 
other 
Ruboer. 


Total. 


August, 1905 

January-July 


|il8,88o 
637,102 


$182,102 
588,309 

$770,411 
651,392 
507,897 
524,629 


$ 244,769 
1,671,076 


1 545,757 
2,896,487 


Total 

Total, 1904.. . 

Total. 1903 

Total, 1902 

To'al. IQOC 


1755. 988 
570.972 
568.707 
459 S71 
108.017 


$I,9'5.845 
1,600,574 
1.655,396 
1,298,132 

T.20'»,'>86 


$3,442,244 
2,822,938 
2,732,090 
2,282,652 
1. 00ft. 1 in 



64 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[NllVEMHEk I, 1905. 



VACUUM DRYING OF RUBBER. 



THE vast economic value of this process, the great rapidity 
with which the drying of materials in vucxto is accom- 
plished, the low temperatures at which it can be carried on, the 
great saving in fuel, space, and labor, the improvement vacuum 
drying exercises upon the materials, the large daily production 
of a comparatively small apparatus when compared with the 
space occupied by drying rooms, etc., all of which have become 
so well established and known at this date through the many 
vacuum drying plants operated in the United States and in 
Europe, that no more need be added in its praise. 

To Mr. A. P. Mencle is due to have been the first in the 
United States to construct vacuum drying chambers and to 
bring them to successful operation in his own chemical and 




color works, thence advocating the adoption of this econcmic 
process among the various American industries. Dr. Mende's 
experience in this line runs over a period of 1 5 years and hun- 
dreds of materials of all kind came to his hands for drying in 
vacuo ; the results of which are today embodied in the vacuum 
apparatus that are now built and sold by Messrs. Norman Hub- 
bard's Sons Machine Works, Nos. 265-267 Water street, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y.. and where a series of testing plants are operated for 
the convenience of prospective patrons. 

Messrs. Norman Hubbard's Sons Machine Works offer the 
apparatus in rectangular and in cylindrical styles, in all prac- 
tical dimensions, made of cast iron, wrought iron or steel, with 
plate shelves or shelf coils inside, or in shape of vacuum tunnels 
for use of racks and cars of any description, all in first class 
workmanship and at reasonable prices. 




RECTANGULAR VACUUM CHAMBER. 



CYLINDRICAL. VACUUM CHAMBER. 



REVIEW OF THE CRUDE RUBBER MARKET. 



EARLY in the month just closed a decline in prices be- 
gan, which continued for a fortnight, since which time 
the lower level then reached has remained practically 
without change, though at the end of the month the 
market presents a condition of more firmness. The decline first 
applied to Pard sorts, following reports of larger arrivals at the 
primary markets, and in view of some of the larger consumers 
being apparently well provided with supplies. Later the de- 
cline extended to Africans and other medium sorts. Pending 
the important .Antwerp sale of October 23, when over 500 tons 
were to be offered, and a feeling prevailed that a lower standard 
of 'prices would result, the market, particularly for Africans, be- 
came very quiet. The result of the sale, however, was t'lat 
higher prices were realized for the better qualities than had 
prevailed previously, and in consequence there has been a gen- 
eral stiffening in prices of all sorts. 

Receiptsat Pard (including Caucho) since the beginning of 
the crop season have been as follows : 

1902. 1903. 1904. 1905. 

July tons l2qo 1280 1250 1450 

August 1370 1230 1260 1300 

September 1670 2010 1780 2200 

October 2280 2440 2820 <j2goo 

Total 6600 6960 7110 7850 

l>— To October 28. 1 



Following is a statement of prices of Pard grades, one year 
ago, one month ago, and on October 31 — the current date : 



October I, '05. 

127(8128 

none here 

I2g@i30 

132(3133 

7i@ 71 

nODe here 

92(.d 93 

none here 

73@ 74 
85(a) 86 



PARA. November 1, '04 

Islands, fine, new Ii2(a'ii3 

Islands, fine, old none here 

Upriver, fine, new Ii5@ii6 

Upriver, fine, old none here 

Islands, coarse, new 64® 65 

Islands, coarse, old none here 

Upriver, coarse, new 88(3 89 

Upriver, coarse, old none here 

Caucho (Peruvian) sheet 67® 68 

Caucho ( Peruvian ) ball 7 7@ 78 

The decline in Africans has been less marked 
are without change, as follows : 

AFRICAN. 

Sierra Leone. I stquality 100(8101 

Massai. red ioo(3ioi 

Benguella 79® So 

Cameroon ball 6g@ 70 

Accra flake 26® 27 

Lopori ball, prime. .. . I09®II0 
Lopori strip, prime. .. . 92® 93 
Madagascar, pinky.. . . go® gi 
Ikelemba io9®iio 

Late Para cables quote: 

Per Kilo. 



October 31. 

Il8@II9 

none here 

1 2 1 (S 1 2 2 

i32(St33 

68® 69 

none here 

89® go 

none here 

70® 71 

85® 86 



some grades 



CENTRALS. 

Esmeralda, sausage. . .82 ®83 

Guayaquil, strip 70 ®7i 

Nicaragua, scrap .. . .Si @£2 

Panama, slab 62 ®63 

Mexican, scrap 81 ®82 

Mexican, slab 60 @62 

Mangabeira. sheet. .. .70 @7i 
EAST INDIAN. 

Assam 95 ®96 

Borneo 44 ©45 



Islands, fine 5*430 



Per Kilo. 

Upriver, fine 6|i3oo 



November i, 1905.] 



THt. INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



65 



Islands, coarse 2$45o Upriver, coarse 

Exchange, tbf\rJ. 
Last Manaos advices : 

Upriver, fine 6$300 Upriver, coarse. . . 

Exchange, i6,'W. 

Statistics of Para T^ubber {Excluding Caucho) 

NEW YORK. 
Fine aod Total 

Medium. Coarie. 1905. 

Stocks. August 31 Ions 231 85 = 316 

Arrivals. September 240 



Aggregating 

Deliveries, September. 



Stocks, September 30.. 
1905. 



471 
220 

251 



273 = 513 

358 = 829 
292 = 512 



66 



317 



Tot»l 

1904. 

93 

6gi 

784 
740 

44 



4I200 

3$8oo 



Toi.l 
1903. 
168 
954 



1122 
1025 



97 



PARA. 

1904. 
Stocks. August 31. /««J 275 360 
Arrivals. September. . . 2055 1741 



Aggregating 2330 2101 

Deliveries, September. 1853 1728 



1903- 

izo 

lg8o 

2100 

i860 



ENGLAND. 
1905. I9C4. H03. 
380 aoo 650 
652 5g3 5go 



Stocks, Sept. 30. . 477 373 240 



1032 
725 



307 



793 
575 



218 



12)0 
1000 



240 



■ 905, 

ig67 

4535 

385 

3"? 

499 



■904. 
1463 

3951 
349 
303 

525 



• 903- 
I7ig 
4500 

4>5 
4g2 
650 



World's visible supply, September 30. . tons 

Para receipts. luly i to September 30 

Par.i receipts of ("aucho, snme dates 

Afloat from Pari to United States, Sept. 30 . 
Afloat from Para to Europe, September 30.... 

Anbwerp. 

To THE Editor OK The India Ruhbf.r World : Since our 
report of September 20 a small sale of about 38 tons took place 
on October 6. at firm prices. Red Loanda firsts were paid 
fc. 12.40; black ditto fc. 12 42^: red Loanda seconds fc.Si5. 
red Angola thimbles firsts fc. ii.37>^ ; black ditto fc. 11 52^ ; 
Ikelemba partly sticky from 1 1.17.5^ to fc. 1 1.65. 

The next large sale will be held on October 25, when 51 1 tons 
will be exposed. The usual Congo sorts, as Uelc, Aruwimi, 
Djuma, Congo Sjngha, Maringa, Upper Congo balls and Kasais 
are represented by larger lots. Arrivals per steamer Anversi'ilU 
from the Congo on October 10, 541 tons. 

Antwerp, Octoberi7, 1905. C SCHMID i CO., SUCCESSEURS. 

Cable reports indicate" thai the Antwerp sale realized prices 
generally higher than the brokers' valuations, by 2 to 3 per 
cent. The General Rubber Co. (New York) are reported to 
have been the heaviest buyers. 

RUBBER ARRIVALS AT ANTWERP. 

September 21. — By the P/itlifrpmt!le, from the Congo : 

Kunge & Co (Societe Generale Africaine) kilos, 74.000 

Do (Chemins de fer Grand Lacs) 7,000 

Do 18,000 

Do (SocieieA B I R) 16,000 

Do (Cie. du Kasai) 112,000 

Com ptoir Commercial Congolais 2,500 

Socie'.e Equatoriale Congolaise... (Societe I'lkelemba) 2,500 

Rubber Scrap Prices. 

New York quotations — prices paid by consumers for carload 
lots, in cents per pound — show a general increase over last 
month's figures, as follows : 

Old Rubber Boots and Shoes — Domestic 8K ffi 8 jg 

Do — Foreign 1'A®^\b 

Pneumatic Bicycle Tires iU @ S/i 

Solid Rubber Wagon and Carriage Tires 8ji;(S Sfg 

White Trimmed Rubber 9^ @ 9l^ 

Heavy Black Rubber 51^ @ 6 

Air Brake Hose SU ® iJs 

Fire and Large Hose 3 ©3)4 

Garden Hose 2 J<5 @ 2 J^ 

Matting iH ® 'H 

WANTED. 



(.QUOTATIONS are wanted for grinding Hard Rubber Scrap and Shavings. 
Address S. E., care of The India Rubber 'Wop.ld. [S52] 



M. S. Cols (Alima) 

Do ( Societe Baniembe) 

Cie. Commerciale des Colonies (Cie. Francaise 

du Congo) 

Do (Cie. de I'N'Keme et I'N'Keni) 

Comptoir des Produits Coloniau.x (Ekela Kadei Sangha) 
Do (Societe "N'Goko" Sangha) 

SocielA Coloniale Anversoise.(Belge du Haut Congo) 

Do (Cie. de Lomami) 

Do (Sud Kamerun) 

Do 

Charles Dethier (Societe La "M'Poko ") 

0( rOBER 10.— By the Anversville, from the Congo 

Bunge & Co (Societe A B I R) Jiilos 

Do (Societe General Africaine) 

Do (Chemins de fer Grand Lacs) 

Do 

Do (Societe " La Kotto ") 

Do (Sultanats du Haut Ubangi) 

Societe Coloniale Anversoise (Beige du Haut Congo). 

Do (ii^iid Kamerun) 

Do (Cie. de Lomami) 

Do (Cie. du Kasai) 

Do 

Comptoir Commercial Congolais 37,000 

Cie. Commerciale des Colonies (Cie. de I'N'Keme et 

I'N'Keni) 

Do (I. a Haut Sangha) 

Comptoir des Produits Coloniaux (Ekela Kadei 

Sangha) 

Do Societe N'Goko Sangha) 

G. & C. Kreglinger (Societe La Lobay) 

Charles Dethier (Societe La M Poko) 

Do (Belgika) 

Societe Generale de Commerce (Alimaienne) 

M. S. Cols 



4,000 
1,500 

7,500 
4.0C0 
8,000 
2.500 
g.500 
31,000 
2,500 
1,600 
3,000 



29,000 

155,000 

24,000 

30,000 

8,500 
33,000 
10,000 

4,000 
13.000 
89,000 

5.500 



3,000 
25 000 



307,100 



38,000 
2.000 
9,000 

2 1 ,000 

1,000 

4,000 

500 



541.500 



ANTWERP 


RUBBER 


STATISTICS FOR 


AUGUST. 




Details. 


1905. 


1904. 


■903. 


1902. 


1901. 


Stocks, July 31 kilos 
Arrivals in August. . 

Congo sorts ....... 

Other sorts 


819,559 
509.389 

375,263 
134,I!!6 

I,328,g48 
770,746 

558,202 
3.719,673 

2. oil. 203 

SoS.jSo 
3,702,832 


872,746 

244. 7C4 

221.665 

23.039 

1. 117-450 
514.955 


377.527 

347.062 

322,136 

24,926 


689,772 
321. ig2 

294.073 
27.l'9 


r,040.44i 
286.816 

267,030 
18.877 


Aggregating 

Sales in August 


724.589 
404,603 


I.oio,g64 

254.563 

756,401 


1,327,257 
642,902 


Stocks, August 31 


602,495 

3,709.62: 

3.060.256 
640.365 

3,718,026 


319,986 

3,326.394 

2,971.328 
355 °66 


684.355 


Arrivals since Jan. 1 

Congo sorts 

Olhcrsoits 


3.558.836 

3.295.549 
263,287 

3.217,144 


3,838,870 

3.5!I-496 
327.374 


Sales since Jan. 1.. . 


3.664,513 


3,763,464 



ANTWERP RUBBER STATISTICS FOR SEPTEMBER. 



Details. 



Stocks. Aug. 31.i1/0/ 
Arrivals in Sept. . . . 

Congo sorts 

Other sorts 



Aggregating... 
Sales in September. 

Stocks, Sept. 30. . 



1905. 

558,202 

33g.575 

240,891 

9S fxS4 

8g7,777 
331,042 



1903. 



602,495 
772,200 

632 293 
139907 

1,374,695! 
570,213! 



319,986 
455.762 

442.435 
■3.3=7 



1902. 



775.748 
353.890 



566,735 804.482, 421,858 456,711 



756,401 

470.084 

429.835 
40.229 



1901. 



684.355 
887.256 

S71.360 

I5,f9« 



1,426,48511.571,611 
769.774 675.4^8 



Arrivals since Jan. I. 4.059.248 4. 481. 821 

Congo sorts ' 3,152,184 3,701549 

Other sorts ] 907.0.4 7S0 272 



3,782,156 

3.413,763 
36S,393 



4,028.920 
3,725,404 

^03,516, 



896,143 



4,726.126 

4 382,856 

343.270 



Sales since Jan. i .. 4,033 874 4,288,23914,018,40313,986,9184,443,932 

The firm of Richard Meyers & Co. has been established (117, Place 
de Meir), to deal principally in India-rubber on a commission basis. 

"Para. 

Kanthack & Co reportiid : 

September jo, — The past week has been characterized by a 
quieter tone in consequence of the lowering of values at the con- 
suming markets, and with a weaker demand prices had to give 



66 



THE IIsDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[-^ 



OVEMBER I, 



1905. 



wayto encourage business. At the modified prices business be- 
came more animated, but the market is to day quite upset in 
consequence of a sudden and very considerable decline 0/ ex- 
change. (Juotations are therefore quite nominal. 

Rubber Receipts at Manaos. 

DuRlNi; September and three months of the crop season for 
three years [courtesy of Messrs. Scholz & Co.| : 

From- ^^ 

1905- 

Rio Pun'is — Acre tons 511 

Rio Madeira 316 

Kio Jurua 222 

Rio Javary — Iquitos. . .. 444 

KioSolimOes 106 

Rio Negro i 

Total 1600 

Caucho 212 



T B M B B R. 


J U L V - S 


R I- T B M 


1 B BR. 


1904. 


1903- 


1905- 


1904. 


I903- 


403 


42g 


1167 


gog 


886 


193 


263 


786 


672 


755 


I go 


254 


316 


2:5 


256 


68 


71 


564 


281 


185 


32 


59 


210 


42 


84 


3 




6 


3 


15 


88g 


1076 


3049 


2122 


2181 


40 


Ii3 


398 


21S 


341 



g2g i2og 3447 2340 2522 



Total i8i2 

Bordeaux. 

CAOUTCHOUC PRICES [FRANCS PER KlLO] OCTOBER I4. 



Soudan twists 9.50^10. 

Lahou twists 9.40® 975 

Soudan niggers .. ..io.25@li. 

Couakry niggers ....11. @ii.20 
8 50 
7.80 

7- 
6. 



(iambia A. 
(lambia A . . . . 
Gambia A. M , 
(Jainbia B . . . 



Gambia C 5. 

Lahou cakes 8.ic@ 8.35 

Lahou niggers io.ic@io8o 

Bassam lumps 6. @ 6.25 

Bassam niggers... . 7 5o@ g 25 
M'dg'car — Tamatave 9. ® 925 
Do Majunga.. 7. (® 7 50 

Do Morandova 8.50® 9. 

R. HENRV. 

Rotterdam. 

The death is announced, at s' Graven Hage (The Hague), on 
October 14. of Heer Julius Weise, head of the firm Weise & 
Co.. long established as importers of India-rubber and Gutta- 
percha at Rotterdam. 

Hamburg. 

A CORRESPONDENT of THE INDIA RUBBER WoRLD writing from 
f.iverpool on the statistical position of rubber says : 

" Hamburg in particular is becoming every year a more important 
center for the importation of rubber, both African, Central American, 
and Brazilian, and it seems a great pity that those interested in the 
progress of Hamburg as a rubber market should not make some effort 
to demonstrate the importance of their market by the issuing of proper 
and reliable statistics." w ^ 

Lvverpool. 

Wiii.iA.M Wright & Co. report [October 2] : 

Fine Para. — The market has been quiet, with few fluctuations. The 
loss of the Cyril \>.te page 45 this issue] had comparatively little effect 
n the market. Manufacturers continue to buy sparingly, and sellers on 
the other hand are chary of offering far ahead, o» ing to uncertainty as to 
the future. The Paia and Manaos markets have been active throughout 
the month, and there has been some resumption of American buying, 
which was only to be expected. Receipts are fairly liberal, and are ex- 
pected to continue heavy, so that, unless American buyers force prices 
— and we are glad to note so far they have shown no signs of doing so — 
we may expect an easement in prices. 

Africans have been in good request during the month, and a fair bus 
iness has been done. O x'\a^ to small supplies prices have in some cases 
advanced, more especially red Sierra Leone and Gold Coast lump ; 
value of the former 4^. iyid , and latter 2.t. 61/., after having touched 
2s. 4(/. 

Ed.mund SchluTER & Co. report [September 30] : 

The market for Para grades has been quiet, and with the exception of 
a short lived advance to ss. id., following the loss of 2co tons rubber 
in the steamer Cyril, prices of tine have tended in buyers' favor. Cau- 
cho advanced owing to scarcity of supplies. The tendency at the close 
was distinctly towards lower prices, and from Brazilian infoimation it 
would appear that supplies will be equal or surpassing any noimal de- 
mands. 



The world's visible supply of Pai as on September 30 was: 

I9-J5. 19^4. iy„3. igoa. 1901. 

'''o"s 2311 1719 1870 2759 2854 

Prices, hard fine 5/5J5- 4/g^ j/8 j/i:^ 3/8 

LIVERPOOL STOCKS OF AFRICAN RUBBER, SEPTEMBER 30. 

1905 266 igoa 

1904 402 igoi 

1903 217 igoo 

London. 



524 

722 
725 



l8gg. 

iSgS. 
1897. 



. . 580 
.. 381 
•■ 373 



Edward Till & Co. report stocks [October 2] : 

1905. 

f Para sorts tons — 

I Borneo 71 

London -j Assam and Rangoon 40 

i Penang 400 

I. Other sorts 182 

Total 693 



1903. 



Para. 



305 



52 


14 


4 


5 


48S 


178 


544 


■97 


220 


243 


212 


3« 


690 


395 


1666 


866 


1508 


1364 



1903 



Liverpool <. Caucho 56 

( Other sorts 435 

Total, United Kingdom 1489 

Total, September I i6g4 

PRICES PAID DURING SEPTEMBER. 

I905- 1904- 

Pari fine, hard 5/ 6.'4@5/ 8 4/ 8i^@4/ili.^ 4/ 2 @4/ 8^ 

t>o soft 5/ 5^@5/ 7>2 4/ 8>^®4/ii 4/2 @4/ 75^ 

Negroheads, scrappy.. 3/1 1 (84/ 3/ 7}^@3/io 3/ 3>^@3/ 8}^ 

Do Cameta.3/ i;4@3/ 2 2/ 7j^@2/ 9 2/10;^ 

Bolivian 5/ 6;-4®5/ 7"^ 4/ 9 @5/ o;^ 

Caucho, ball 3/ 8i^@3/ qyi 3/ 2i^@3/ 51^3/ 3j^@3/ "M 

Do slab 3/ lK@3/ 2 2/ Q|^@2/lo 2/ 7i^@2/ioi^ 

Do tails 3/ 31^ No sales 3/ i (2)3/ i>^ 

IMPORTS FROM PARA AT NEW YORK. 

[Tht Figures Indicate iVeigfits in P0uniis.\ 

October 4. — By the steamer Dunstan, from Marios and Paia : 

Fine. Medium. Coarse. Caucho. 

14,800 

11,800 

6,700 

3,700 



IMPORTBRS. 

General Rubber Co 113,70c 

New York Commercial Co. 91,300 

Poel & Arnold 5i,9C0 

A. T. Morse & Co 16,800 

Neale&Co 1,400 

Constantine P. Santos. . . . 24,800 
Lionel Hagenaers & Co. . 24,000 
Edmund Reeks & Co.... ig.700 

Thorasen & Co 

H.igemeyer & Brunn 13,700 

Wallace L. Gough 



2,500 
900 



95,800 

48,200 

72,700 

28 400 

7o,8«o 

1,300 

4,100 

3.900 

1 4 , 6co 

5,700 



1,600= 

3,200= 
2,000= 



Total. 
225, gco 
151,300 
134,500 
50,900 
72,200 
28,600 
28,100 
24,500 
14,600 
13.700 
5.700 



Total 3i7,3oo 40.400345.500 6.800= 750,000 

October 16. — By the steamer Afaranliense, from Manaosand Para : 



General Rubber Co 156,500 

New York Commercial Co. log, 100 

Poel & Arnold 14,300 

A. T. Morse & Co . . 4.100 

Neale&Co 1.800 

Edmund Reeks & Co ... . 20,400 

Lionel Hagenaers & Co.. 12, goo 



40,800 

17,900 

5,000 

1,300 

300 



57,200 
43.700 
87,400 
68, goo 
41,100 
13,400 
4,700 



1,800= 



400= 



Total 319,10065.300 316,400 2,200= 

October 25. — By the steamer Fluminense, from Manaos and 
New York Commercial Co. 331. coo 5g,8oo 92,400 6,600= 

A. T. Morse & Co 143,400 19,400 55,600 1,400^ 

Poel & Arnold 92,800 22,500 59, gco 1,300= 

General Rubber Co 82,000 t6,2oo 21,700 5000:= 

Constantine P. San Tos. . 24,400 5,500 10,500 3,100 = 

Edmumd Reeks & Co 22,600 

Neale & Co 

Lionel Hagenaers & Co.. 
Lawrence Johnson & Co. . 
Hagemever & Brunn. . . . 
Wallace L. Gough 



12,600 


2,000 


11,100 .= 


1,000 


300 


2g.ioo .. .= 


9, 800 




5,400 = 


5,000 


6,3co 


I,2C0 ... .^ 

11,300 = 

3,800 = 



256,300 
170,700 
106,700 
74.700 
42,900 
34,100 
17,600 

703,000 

Para: 

489,800 

219,800 

176,500 

124,900 

43.5CO 

35.700 

30,400 

15,200 

12,500 

11.300 

3,800 



Total 712,000 132,000 302,000 17,400=1,163,400 

[Note.— The steamer Justin, from Par^, is due at New York, November 4, 
with 450 tons Rubber.] 



November i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



67 



PARA RUBBHR via EUROPE. 

FOUNDS. 

3KPr. 25.— By the C«i«i<;= Liverpool: 
A.T, Morse & Co (Coarse) 11, .100 

Skit. 27.— By the C(iroiiui=LlTerpool: 
New York Commercial Co. (Fine). .. 22,500 
A. 1'. .Morse & Co. (Coarsai 2i,600 J.'i.OOO 

Skit. 29. — By the /''iiiaiic«=Vlollen(lo: 
Boston and Bolivia Co. (Fine) 9,00" 

Ocr. t- By the .Viije.i(ie=I,lverpool: 
A. T. Morse & Co. (Coarse) ll.OOo 

Oct. 14— By the t'ampa7iia= Liverpool: 
New York Commercial Co. (Fine) . . . 29 00'^ 

Oct. 23.— By the t't;(ic= Liverpool: 
Poel ti Arnold (Coarse) 2fl,000 

Ocr. 23.— By tUe^KianrasMollendo: 
Boston and Bolivia Co. (Fine) 8,500 

OTHER ARRIVALS ATNEW YORK. 

CENTRALS. 

POirNos. 

Skit. 2,'!.— By the 3/inn«a;)oI£s= London : 
General Uublier Co 33,500 

Skpt 2C — By the El .»/onte= New Orleans : 

Manhattan KublierMrK. Co 2,Oflo 

Et;Kers& llelnleln 2,210 

Thebaud Brothers SOO 5,000 

Skit. 27.— By the Sai-nm^Colombla: 

Fonld & Co 3,000 

A. Held 1,000 

Schultzen & Grosohen 1,200 

Isaac Krandou & Bros 600 

A. U. Straus & Co 600 6,100 

Skii'. 27.— By the San .Uarcos= Galveston : 
Continental Mexican Rubber Co 70,000 

Seit. 29 —By the Finance=Colon : 

HIrzel, Feltman ct Co 2,400 

EKKers& Helnleln 1,500 

Mann (4 Enidon 1,000 4,30o 

Sept. 30.— By the ■S;(7uroncn=Mexlco: 

H. Mari|uardt & Co 2.500 

Harbur^er & Stack 600 

American TradlnR Co .loo 3,500 

Oct. 2.— By the ^am()a«a.>i= Mobile: 
Manhattan Rubber Mfg. Co 5..50O 

Oct. 2.— By tne.Winne)iaha= London : 
General Rubber Co 13,500 

Oct. 4.— By the ^dvance=ColOD : 

G. Amslnck & Co r,100 

J A. Medina &Co 5,100 

K. B. Strout 2.200 

1). A. De Lima & Co 2,000 

Hirzel, FeltinanA Co 1,400 

('harles E. GrllTln 1,400 

Itoldan & Van Sickle l.aijO 

Lawrence .Iolinson& Co 500 

Meyer Heclit 500 

llarburnerS Stack ,000 23,0(JO 

Oct. 7. —By the rKca(an=Mexlco: 

Harburger& Stack ... 2,000 

Thebaud Brothers 2,.'j00 

H. Marquardtct Co 1,600 

E. StelrerftCo r.OOO 

W.Loalza&Co 500 7,.50O 

Oct. ".—By the Cedri«=Llverpool : 
General Rubber Co 17,000 

Oct. 9.- By El ^/()a=Galveston : 

Continental Mexican Rubber Co 30.000 

Eggers & Helulein 1,500 31,600 

Oit. 10.— By the rei'(c=Llverpool: 
J. H, Rossbach * Bros I5,.500 

Oct. 11.— By the .Uc.cico=Colon : 

Lawrence .lohnson & Co 21,100 

Hirzel, Feltman & Co 16,400 

Dumarest Bros. &Co 9,100 

(i. Ainslnck A Co 4,400 

Itiililau i. Van Sickle 4,300 

Isaac Brandon & Bros 3.000 

A.Santos&Co 2,.5O0 

Mann&Emdon 2.000 

A. M. Capen's Sons :2,000 

W. R. Graco 1.600 

R. L. Ballza ).200 

Banco de Exportasos l.Ono 

Kuuhardt&Co 500 68.100 



CENTRA LS-Oontinued. 
Oct. 11.— By the .ira<aii:(U=Mexlco: 

George A. Alrtf-n & Co 22.,50O 

J. W Wilson,^ Co 4,U0fl 

Harburgerft stack i.ooo 27,500 

Oct. 11.— By the Hio Orandf=\lobi\e: 

A.T.Morse&Co 4.500 

Manhattan Rubber Mfg Co i,6uo c.OOO 

Oct. 14.— By the Tliil<jreltn=Ba.\itA: 

HIrsch & Kaiser 45,000 

American Commercial Co 22,500 67,f00 

Oct 14,— By the /';8perniisn=Mexlco: 

L. N. Chemedlln & Co 1.500 

Kretl I'rollvt & Co I,'.lo0 

Harburger & Stack 1.100 

Thebaud Brothers l.WK) 

E.Stelger&Co 1,200 6,000 

Oct. 17.— By tbe //ni)a>io=Colon : 

(J. Amslnck & Co 11,100 

K.. B Strout 3,8110 

Smlthers. Nordenholt& Co 1,300 

.1. A. Medina & Co 1.800 

lllrzel. Feltman & Co 2,500 

Mann .*i Kiiulon 1,800 

Lawrence lohnson S Co .. 2.000 

Banco de Exoortasos 1,500 

Isaac Brandon & Bros 700 

United FruitCo 700 

Lanman&Kemp 500 27,700 

Oct. 17.— By El Dia^ Galveston: 
Continental Mexican RubberCo 22,600 

Oct. 19.— By the .4tamo=Moblle: 

A. N. Rotholz ROflO 

A. T. Morse & Co 5.1.00 

G. Amslnck 4 Co 1.000 12,000 

Oct. 20.— By the A/arafa(=Bollv8r: 

Thebaud Brothers 22.500 

I'.uropean Account 12,000 81, 500 

Oct. 23.— By the K((;Uancia= Mexico: 

U. MarquardtA Co 1,000 

American Trading Co 500 

E. N.Tlbbals Co .500 

Graham. Hinkley SCO... 600 2,.500 

Oct. 23.— By the ..1 »iVTn<;a= Colon : 

Hirzel, Feltman &Co 13,200 

G. AmstnckACo 7.800 

Piza, Nephews & Co 5 000 

.1. A. Medina & Co 4,500 

E. B. Strout I,.5fl0 

Meyer Hecht 800 

George A. Alden & Co 800 33,600 

Oct. 23.— By the /J)/r()(i=Bahla: 

IIlrsch& Kaiser ll..5no 

American Commercial Co 8 .w.! 

An.Hltcb*Co B,noo 

Lawrence Johnson & Co 3,000 29,000 

AFRICANS. 

POUNDS. 

Skit. 25— By the Ce;(i..-= Liverpool; 

A.T. Morse&Co 4i.noo 

Poel & Arnold 23.000 

George A. Alden A Co 11 .5on 

General RulJbet Co 11„500 

A. \V. Bvunn 8..5no 

Wallace L. Gougli 3,roo 98,500 

Skit. 36.— By the Fin!a«(/=Antwcrp: 

Poel & Arnold ;i0 000 

A.T.Morse&Co ... 21.0OO 61,000 

Sept. 25.— By the Ki/n(lam=Rotterdam: 
Poel & Arnold 35,000 

Skpt. 26. By the /'a/rio= Lisbon : 

General Rubber Co 45,000 

Sept. 27.— By the Caro(Ha= Liverpool: 

General Rubber Co 80.000 

George A. Alden & Co 18,000 98,000 

Skpt. 27.— By the 0«(7n(c= Liverpool: 

A.W.Bruon 22,500 

Wallace L. Gough 2o,0O0 

General RubberO 14,000 

George A. Alden A Co 11.000 G?,.^! 

Skpt, 29.— By the /JT<ai)ia=H;imburg: 

A. T. .Morse & Co 46 000 

• leneral Rubber Co 1.3,.5ao 

George A. Alden&Co 4..'ioo 

Poel & Arnold 4,000 68,000 

Sept. 30 —By the /yi(ca)iia=LtverpooI: 

General RubberCo 90 000 

George A. Alden & Co 15,000105,000 

Oct. 2.— By the Vadrrland^ Antwerp : 
George A, Alden (t Co, 102,000 



A FRICANS— Continued. 

General Rubber Co .50.000 

Poel & Arnold 48.000 

.loiepli Cantor 47,000 

Koblnson &Tallman 2J,0<IO 

Rubber Trading Co 17,000 284,000 

Oct. 3.-By the r<f<or(an=Llverpool: 

Wallace L. Gough 29.000 

General RubberCo so.oiiO 

Poel&ArDOld 14,000 73.000 

Oct. 4.— By the .WoJe«Mc= Liverpool: 

George A. Alden * Co 9,0oo 

Rubb.'r Trading Co 9,000 

Poel&Arnold 3,000 21,000 

Oct. 5.— By the y'»i>u>i/Ivan<a=Hamburg: 

General Rubber Co 33,500 

George A. Alden & Co ll,600 45,000 

Oct. 7.— By the Cedrlc^Llverpool: 

George A. Alden SCO 22,500 

A. T. Morse & Co I5..'i00 

Poel&Arnold 11.600 

A. W. Brunn 4,000 53,600 

Oct, 9 —By the E<rurla= Liverpool : 

General Rubber Co 56,0f0 

George A. Alden & Co 11,000 67,000 

Oct. 9.— By the Im Bretagne^Bavre : 

Rubber Trading Co 9.000 

H.A.GOuIdCo 3,500 12,500 

Oct. 10.— Bythe Cd)(c= Liverpool : 

Wallace L. Gough I5,.'i00 

Oct. 10.— By the/i(iiniarc/(>iHambiirg: 

Poel* Arnold .. 32,0C0 

A.T.Morse&Co I6.OO0 

General RubberCo lIPOiiO 

George A. Alden & Co 4,00ii 62,000 

Oct. 12 —By the Ba(iic=Llverpool: 

A.T.MorseACo 29,000 

Poel*: Arnold 16,000 

Robert Crooks & Co 13,500 58.500 

Oct. 14 —By the Cnrnpaniai^ Liverpool: 
General Rubber Co 10.000 

Ocr. 18.— By the Ocor(7ic=LlverpooI: 

A.T.Morse&Co 33.000 

Poel&Arnoid 220(i0 

Wallace L. Gough 15000 

A. W. Brunn 18,000 82,000 

Oct. 19.— By the /{(iefn=Bremen : 
General Rubber Co 27,000 

Oct. 1;i.— By the Tciifonicr: Liverpool 

George A. Alden & Co ll,.50n 

Poel & Arnold 5,500 

Henry A. Gould Co 6.000 

A.T.Morse&Co 2,000 24,000 

Oct. 20.— By the Ai(ricia=Hamborg: 

George A. Alden & Co 33.noo 

Poel & Arnold 37,000 70,000 

Oct. 21— By the /-a 7'0Mrain«= Havre: 
General RubberCo 28,500 

Oct. 23— Bythe t7m7ir(<i = Liverpool: 

Poel 4 Arnold 9,000 

Ueorge A. Alden .1 Co 6,.5()0 16,500 

0(T. 23.— By the Cc/(ic= Liverpool: 

A.T.Morse&Co .. 13 5oO 

Wallace L. Gough 5.000 

.(oseph Canlor 2,500 21,000 

EAST INDIAN. 

Skpt. 25.— By the 7»drain(7yo=Slngapore: 

Robert Branss & Co 22 600 

Pierre T. Betts 20,00ci 

A. T. Mor.-e&Co 100(0 

Winter & SnillUe 5,000 57..'i00 

Skit. 29.— By the J?atai>l<i=Hamburc: 
General Rubber Co 



6.600 



Oct. 2.— By the Xcw Forfts London: 

Wallace L. Gough 6,600 

Rubber Trading Co 4,500 

George A. Alden & Co 7,600 18,.'.00 

Oct. 5.— By the African Priii<:e=Slngapore: 

PoelA Arnold 22,.500 

F. B. Vandergrlfl & Co 5,600 28,000 

Oct. 7.— By theS(. Loui8=LoDdon. 
Poel & Arnold 22.6to 

OCT. 11 —By the Clan McAHUanszCtAcuUi : 

J- H. Recknagel & Son 2,000 

Poel & Arnold 1,500 

, George A, Alden .t Co 1,100 4,000 



68 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[November i, 1905. 



EAST INDIA N—Omtinucd. 
Oct. I".— By the A/e«fl)a= London : 

(ieorge A. Alden &Co 'i.OOO 

Wallace L. Uougb 2.onn 4.o(ii) 

OcT.17.— By the5<. i/i(i;<i=Slcgapore: 

Pierre T. Belts 20 000 

Ueorge A. Alden « Cu 11,000 

Wallace L. Cough... 4,oou 35.000 

Oct. W.— By the Pn(ric(o = Hamburg: 

A.T. Morse » Co 2.500 

KoblnsouSi rallmau 2.600 r>.0(ir) 

Oct. 21.— By the Kefmebecs Singapore: 

Pierre T. Belts 13.600 

A.T. Morse & Co 1.3,500 

Poel&Arnold 10,000 

Wallace I.. Gough «,ooo 4,s,O0(i 

Oct. 23.— By the 5c. Paui= London: 
Poel&Arnold 4,600 

OUTTA-JBLUIONG. 

Sktt. 25— By the Indiamayo :SlDgapore: 

Heabler*Co 'm.OOO 

(ieorge A. Alden * (Jo 175.000 

D. A. 8haw& ( o 100.000 

Kobert Braiiss&Co ('5.000 

Koblnson & Tallman 100.000 

Pierre T. Boits 35.000 

Wallace L. Gough 35.000 790,080 

Oct. 5.-By the African jPri»ce=Slngapore: 

George A. Aldcn & Co 1(0.000 

J. H. Recknagel& Sous 100 OOo 

Poel& Arnold ... 55 000 255,000 

Oct. 17.— By the .S7. H«(7o=singap re: 

Wallace L. Gough 410.000 

J. H. RecKnagel& Son 100 OOO 

Heabler&Co. . 50000 

Pierre T. Betts 11,000 571,000 

Oct. 21.— By the iiLennebec=Slngapore: 

Ileabler & Co 265 OflO 

Georee A. Alden&uo l.W.OOO 

Pierre T. Betts 1.50.000 

Poeia Arnold 80,000 



HAST INDIA IV.— Continued. 

Winter* Smillle loo.ono 

Robert T. Kranss#i Co 100.000 

Wallace L. Gouj;!! 65 ncKi 

Koblnson & Talliuan luiooo 1.016.000 

GUTTA-PERCHA AND B A L A T A. 

P0UH1>». 

Sei'T. 25— By the /ndr(imayo=Slngapore: 
George A. Alden ,S Co ll.ooi) 

Sett. 29.— By the i]omt>ia=Hainburs : 
To Order 7,00o 

Oct. 5 —By the African 7*rfnce=Singipore: 
George A. Alden & Co 25.000 

Oct. 17.— By the SI Huoo=Slngapore: 

George A. Al(lon& to 22 500 

Winter*. Smillle 2,000 24..500 

Oct. 20.— By the Pa()-icin=Hamburg: 
ToOrder 20,000 

Oct. 21.— By the /i:ciiiie()fc=Slngapore! 

Kobert Branss & Co 15,00c 

balata. 

Sept. 28.— By the Or(;nada=Trlnldad: 
l"rame& Co 6,ooo 

0CT2.— Bythelfeui ror;(=London: 
Earle Brothers 6,50(i 

Oct. 4.— By the JVf(ije8(ic= Liverpool: 
Henry A. Gould 4,600 

Oct. 9 —By the 3farat)a/=Trlnldad: 
Thebaud Brothers 13,500 

Oct. 10.— By the Pi)<sdam= Rotterdam: 
Earle Brotheis 11,000 

Oct. 18,— By the t7(!er=Demerara; 

Middleton & Co s.roo 

Charles P. Shilstone 9,000 14,1X10 

Oct 20.— By Ihe Pj'n<;(a= Hamburg: 
A. W. Brunn 2,000 



GUTTA-PERCHA AND J3ALATA- Continued. 

Oct. 20.-Iiy the Jf ara<;a«=Cnidad Bolivar: 

A. H. Wappans 15,000 

KrameiCo , i,600 10,500 



CUSTOM HOUSE STATISTICS. 

PORT OK NEW VORK-SEPTKMBER, 
Imports : pounds. value. 

India-rubber 4,791.795 $? ,863.487 

Gutta-percha 88.392 18.9GI 

Gutta'jelutong(Pontlanak) .. 2,24k,414 74.8C0 

Total 7,131,601 $3,056,308 

Exports : 

tndla-rubber 128.594 $111,721 

Reclaimed rubber 234,920 25,991 

BubberScrap Imported 2,431,788 $146,342 



BOSTON ARRIVALS. 



Aug. I.— By the .4 iramore= Antwerp: 
Poel Sl Arnold- African 

Aug. 4.— By the tS')/iua7iui = Liverpool: 
George A. Alden & Co —African 

Aug. T.— By the Re;n('jf!c=Liverpool: 
F. R. Miiller & Co— African 

Aug. 9,— By the Bi(c6ros=Calculta: 
George A. Alden & Co.— East Indian. 

Aug 15.— By the 3faricnfe/,v=Calcuula: 
George A. Alden & Co.— East Iiidl;ui. 

Aug. 22.— By the .1/ic/iii;(i>i=l.lverpool : 
George A. Alden & Co.- East Indian 



Total. 



5 877 



432 



9.173 



3,3«3 



25.738 



[Value, $14,789-] 



OFFICIAL STATISTICS OF CRUDE INDIA-RUBBER (in Pounds). 



. 


UNITED STATES. 






GREAT BRITAIN. 




MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


BXPORTS. 


NKT IMPORTS. 


MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 1 BXPORTS. 


NBT IMPORTS* 


August X905 


2,297,029 
42.382,481 


217,509 
1,835,143 


2,079,520 

40,547,338 

42,626,858 
39.409.355 
36.670,303 


Aufi'Ust 100^. 


4,769,184 2,606,720 
37,519.776 20,445,720 


2,102.464 
17.074,056 


Tanuary- Tulv 


lanuarv-Tulv 






Eight months, 1905.. 
Eight months, 1904.. 
Eight months. 1903 . 







Eight months, 1905. 
Eight months, 1904 . 
Eight months, 190V. 


44,679,510 
41,630,173 

38.655. ri9 


2,052,652 
2,220,818 
1,984,816 


42,288,960 1 23,112,440 
38,298,848 1 22,141,062 
35.090 272 1 25.428.032 


19,176,520 
16,157,786 




9.662.240 



GERMANY. 



August, 1905. 
January-July. 



Eight months, 1905. 
Eight months, 1904. 
Eight months. 1903. 



3,402,080 
26,284,060 



29,686,140 
23755,600 
23.468,940 



1,714,020 

8,455,700 



10,169,720 
6,587,680 
7,768.420 



NBT IMPORTS. 



1,688,060 
17,828,360 



19,516,420 
17,167,920 
15,700.520 



ITALY. 



August, 1905. 
January-July. 



Ejght months, 1905. . 
Eight months, 1904... 
Eight months. 1903.. 



205,040 
954,360 

1,159,400 
1,051,820 
1,075.800 



70 400 
147,620 

218,020 

75.460 

100.760 



NBT IMPORTS. 



134,640 
806,740 

941,380 
976,360 
975.040 





FRANCE.* 






AUSTRIA- HUNGARY. 




MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


BXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS. 


MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NBT IMPORTS. 


August. 1905 

January-July 


1,710,720 
16,462,820 


1,310,760 

9,477,820 


399,960 
6,985,000 


August, 1905 


145 640 
1,842,940 


21.340 

21.340 
15,180 
17,160 


145.640 
1,821,600 


Eight months, 1905 

Eight months. 1904 

Eight months, 1903 




Eight months, 1905 

Eight months, 1904 

Eight months, 1903... 


18.173,540 
13,976,820 
10,738.420 


10,788,580 
7,431,160 

6,ti8,200 


7,384,960 
6,545,660 
4.620.220 


1,988,580 
1,931,600 
1.984,400 


1,967,240 
1.916,420 
1,967.240 



BELGIUM i 




MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS- 


Noth. — German statistics include Gutta-percha. Balata. 
old (waste) rubber, and substitutes. British figures include 
old rubber. French. Austrian, and Italian figures include 
Guttapercha. The exports from the United States embrace 


August, 1905 

January-Juiy 


1,593,191 
10,172,439 


942,598 
7,314,076 


650,593 
2,858,363 


Eight months, 1905 

Eight months, 1904 

Eight months, 1903 


11,765.630 
11,699,384 
10,470.295 


8,256.674 
9.727,955 
8.134,959 


3,508,956 
1,971,429 

2.335,336 


• General Commerce. i Special Commerce. 



November i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



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HIGH GRADE RUBBER GOODS 



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PACKINGS 

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and 

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(MADE IN CANADA) 






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The best fitting, best wearing and most stylish rubber footwear on the market. 

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President and Treasurer. 

C. N. CANDEE, 
Secretary. 

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Head Offices— 47 Yonge Street, TORONTO, CANADA. 

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RUBBER BOOTS, SHOES, AND CLOTHING. 



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LII 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[November i, 1905. 



The Gutta Percha & Rubber Mfg. Co. 



ESTABLISHED 1855 



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AND MECHANICAL RUBBER GOODS OF EVERY KIND. 



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FORTY-NINE YEARS 
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RUBBER MOULD WORK A SPECIALTY. 

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Edited by HENRT C. PEARSON— Offices. No. 150 Nassau Street, NEW YORK. 



foL :sxxin. No, 3. 



DECEMBER 1, 1905. 



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^ jii Ghlot 



»:^ We Manufactiire Our Products "by Mechanical Means. 



^^^ 



THE BLOOMINGDALE SOFT RUBBER WORKS 



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THE FINEST GRADES OF 



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If 

— xx\ 



of 



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M _ 
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Wor 



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LAMPBLACKS especially for RUBBER MANUFACTURE. 

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u 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^^'ORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



TRADE MARK 




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Established 1854. 



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All Kinds of High Grade Mechanical Rubber Goods 

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December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



69 




Fsblished on the lat of eaoh Month bj 



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No. 150 NASSAU ST.. 


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Vol. 33. DECEMBER 1. 


1905. No. 3. 



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be sent liy International Tost order, payable as above. 

Dl8CONTiNIiAN('Ka : Yearly orders tor subscriptions and advertising are 
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Bills are rendered promptly at the beginning of each period, and 
thereby our patrons have due notice of continuance. 



COPYRIGHT. 190s, S y 

THE INDIA RUBBER PUBLISHING CO. 

Entered at New York Post Office as mall matter of the aecond-class. 



TABLt OF CONTENTS. 

PAOR. 

Kditorlal : 

Ruljber In Mexico and Elsewhere 69 

C ilombian Rubber 70 

Tiie Automobile Era 71 

The Quality of Plantation Rubber 72 

Experiences in Colombia -Rubber Prospects The Editor 73 

[Travel Notes. Planting in the Chocu District.] 
[Wuh 14 Illustrations and a Map.] 

Bubber Interests in Europe 78 

[With J Illustrations.] 

The India- Rubber Trade in Great Britain. Our Itcaular CurrexpnnddU 79 
[.\(Iinir.ilty ("oiuractb. .\cw U'orlts Auction Sales. The Late Mr. John 
Cooper. MotorTires. Labor in Ceylon.] 

[With Poi trait of John Cooper.] 

A German Congress Discusses Rubber Culture 81 

[Synopses of Pa[icrs by Dr. Otto Warburg and Herr Louis Hoff.] 

New Goods and Specialties in Rubber 83 

[** Re-Nu " Vacuum Preserving Jars. An Automatic Air Tight Cover. 
Foster Pneumatic Heel Cushion. The ** No Slip" Heel. The "Wliite 
Vulcan " Golf Ball. Broderick's Non-Slipping Tire. Dr. TuP.ar's Hos- 
pital Syringe.] 

[With S Illustrations ] 
India-Rubber Goods in Commerce 84 



Recent Rubber Patents 

[L'nited States. Great Britain. 



France.] 



85 



Tenders for Air Brake Hose in Germany 87 

89 



Condition and Extent of Ceylon Rubber Planting 

[Followed by Notes on Rubber Planting in Mexico.] 

A Call for More Air Brake Hose . 

Sweating of African Rubbers A . D. Thoimlon 

The Scrap Rubber Market 

Literature of India-Rubber 92 

Miscellaneous : 

Advance in Leather Belting 71 

The Kiectrical Trade in Germany 

The •■ Eureka " Steam Trap, {lllustraled) 

A Solvent for Indla-Kuhher 

The English Mo' or and Cycle Shows 

A Rubber Polo Ball 

Experiments in Vulcanization A.O.Boum 

An oniclal Report on ("oogo Rubber 93 

Automobiles In Russia 

Rubber Hose Manufacture In Japan 

Unappreclative Rubber Workers 
News of the American Rubber Trade — 

[With I Illustration.] 

The Rubber Trade in Akron Our Correspondent 9i 

Saview of the Crude Rubber Market 98 



91 
91 
92 



9t 
95 



RUBBER IN MEXICO AND ELSEWHERE. 



T^HE more recent references to rubber cultivation in 
Thk India Ruhber World have been devoted prin- 
cipally to the work in progress in the Far East, for the 
reason that such work is more advanced there than in any 
other region, and more definite results have been attained. 
But with all the advance there, and all the success actual 
and prospective, the product of the Eastern plantations 
cannot for years to come form a large percentage of the 
world's total production of rubber, or lower materially the 
price level of crude rubber. These result.s, however, are 
already of a character to prove beyond doubt the possi- 
bility of producing good rubber under cultivation, under 
conditions which render its production more profitable 
than any other form of agriculture to-day, while it is as- 
serted by Ceylon planters of long experience that the 
growing of rubber would be distinctly profitable even at 
half the prices now obtained. To our minds the e.xperi- 
ence of the Far Eastern planters thus far should prove 
most encouraging to those who have engaged in rubber 
culture elsewhere under proper conditions. 

To come nearer home, without doubt the question of 
rubber planting, in the minds of the American public, has 
become involved with some doubt, due first to the element 
of impatience for commercial results from the investments 
made in Mexico, though the initial attempts there to plant 
rubber systematically were not made until years after the 
pioneer work in Ceylon. The beginnings in Mexico, by 
the way, were quite independent of any work in progress 
in any other country. They related to a different species 
from those planted in the Far East, and labor and other 
conditions were so different that the experience gained in 
the latter region was not such as to render direct assistance 
to planters in Mexico. The Mexican enterprises in rubber 
planting, therefore, have been developed very much as if 
no rubber had been planted elsewhere. 

Mistakes were inevitable, and some of the plantations 
were bound to result in failure. Moreover, many people 
doubtless have an incorrect impression of the length of 
time which has elapsed since the first development of in- 
terest in Mexican rubber planting, owing to the amount 
of talking that has been done. Persons may be heard to 
speak of plantations as being seven or eight years old 
which really have not half that time to their credit. An- 
other fact is that a few concerns have been organized on a 
palpably dishonest basis, and certain others have been 
managed unfortunately, to the discredit of the whole rub- 
ber planting interest. Meanwhile there have been fraud- 
ulent gold mining companies organized at the public ex- 
pense and there have been failures of banks presumably 
organized on a sound basis. We do not find, however, that 
good gold mining propositions are less difficult to finance 
than formerly, or that the public has any less confidence 
in banks. 

We have called attention hitherto to reports which have 
gained currency through the United States consular ser- 
vice in Mexico, characterizing most unfavorably all rub- 
ber enterprises in tnat country. We have felt it to be 



70 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



proper to criticize such reports as involving unfairness to 
many worthy undertakings, and to ask a suspension of 
judgment until reports could be made as the result of more 
careful investigation. Some time ago Mr. Cook, of the 
staff of the department of agriculture, as the result of ob- 
servations in Mexico, prepared a report, the publication of 
which as an official bulletin committed the Washington 
government to the favorable recognition of rubber culture, 
though it did not fail to point out that the indiscriminate 
planting of rubber cannot be universally successful — just 
as it might have pointed out that if every farmer bored for 
oil on his own premises there might not be a liberal yield 
of petroleum in every case. 

A staff correspondent of the Mexican .^tva/i/ contributed 
recently to that journal a series of letters purporting to 
record his observations during a tour of the Mexican rub- 
ber belt, in the course of which he found a number of cul- 
tivated plantations under American auspices which he re- 
garded as most promising, while in other cases he found 
less encouraging conditions, and some enterprises he did 
not deem worth longer keeping up. Reference was made 
also to a number of Mexican owned plantations on a small 
scale, which, while not conducted systematically, had given 
favorable results, some of them for a number of years. 

The issue of Daily Consular and Trade Reports of Novem- 
ber 14 includes an advance publication of portions of the 
annual report of ^fr. Parsons, the United States consul 
general at Mexico, who had been understood to be making 
personal observations in the rubber planting belt. While 
Mr. Parsons is particular throughout to urge caution in 
making investments of any kind without proper considera- 
tion of all the circumstances, we may suggest that this 
tendency in his report renders the following extracts from 
it all the more a vindication of the advocates of rubber 
planting : 

Successful Cultivation of Rubber. — Again, the culture of rubber 
{Caslilha elastica) is already a commercial success to a limited but grow- 
ing extent, as proved absolutely by my inspection of Mexican planta- 
tions owned by natives who are now cropping rubber from cultivated 
trees. Rubber culture, like sugar culture, is profitable provided soil, 
climate, and other conditions are favorable, and plantations are managed 
honestly and well. But rubber growing, too, is now suffering because 
these conditions have been disregarded, and it will suffer still more when 
it becomes known how many of the circa 50,000,000 cultivated rubber 
trees in Mexico can amount to little or nothing because they were planted 
under unsatisfactory condition. 

Our readers have been kept informed of the unfortunate 
circumstances attending the Ubero planting enterprises, 
with headquarters in Boston, the effect of which has been 
in certain quarters to create an unfavorable impression in 
regard to rubber planting. To those who have studied the 
matter, however, the Ubero expose will be seen to have no 
real bearing upon the present status or the future of honest, 
practical, rubber planting. It is evident that the squander- 
ing at home of money subscribed for a plantation, instead 
of Its actual investment in Mexico, is not proof that trees 
planted on good soil and cared for properly will not yield 
rubber at a profit. It may be added, indeed, that the in- 
corporation of new companies for planting rubber in Mex- 
ico has continued in the face of the Ubero developments, 



and that a very large amount of new planting has been 
done in Mexico since the bursting of the Ubero bubble. 

Following close upon the beginning of an action at law 
against one of the Ubero promoters, and his incarceration 
in a Boston prison, we find in the Traveler of that city a 
lengthy interview with a New England man, who is the 
owner of a private plantation in Mexico and an officer of a 
large plantation company also with headquarters in Boston, 
with statements in regard to the results attained on the two 
plantations, and on a half dozen others in the same Mexi- 
can state, in terms capable of verification, and of such a 
character, if verified, as to prove most encouraging to in- 
vestors in rubber planting whose money has been judi- 
ciously applied. Figures are given in regard to the yields 
from young planted rubber trees, and in regard to the 
quality of the product, which indicate that if the trees 
continue to grow as well as they have done hitherto, the 
enterprises will not fail in due time to prove so profitable 
that as a result we may see before many years such a 
" boom " as is now in progress in respect of rubber in the 
British colonies. 



COLOMBIAN RUBBER. 



T^HIS is such a large world that the average man, de- 
■*■ voting his major energies to providing for himself 
and his own, may be pardoned for a lack of familiarity with 
all the many lands which lie beyond his particular national 
domain. One of the least known countries — to the aver- 
age man — is the South American republic of Colombia. 
Though two and a half times as large as the German em- 
pire, Colombia, by reason of its newness and the sparseness 
of its population and as yet undeveloped wealth, remains a 
practically unknown country to all except the more imme- 
diate neighbors of this aspiring republic. But Colombia 
deserves our consideration, if for no other reason, on ac- 
count of its rubber resources, which are excelled perhaps 
only in the vastly larger expanse of Brazil. 

There was a time, indeed, when the United States of Amer- 
ica derived more rubber from Colombia than from the re- 
gions of the mighty Amazon, and at a time when Colombia 
was exporting rubber to Europe as well. The source of sup- 
plies then under contribution was speedily depleted, how- 
ever, and other rubber fields were found more accessible 
than the Colombian interior, which has never yet been 
thoroughly explored. But today the world's need for rub- 
ber is so pressing that regions hitherto unknown or tem- 
porarily forgotten are bound to be considered, and it may 
be that in this era of automobiles and the manifold indus- 
tries in which rubber is indispensable, the key may be forth, 
coming which will unlock to the outside world a reserve of 
wealth in Colombia which has not been realized even by 
the most sanguine of her own people. 

The area which supplied the large shipments of rubber 
from that country a half century ago is small as compared 
with the whole republic. Besides, there is a possibility 
that the regions yet unexplored commercially there possess 
an infinitely richer supply of rubber than that which was 
so ruthlessly tapped in the earlier days of rubber exploita- 



December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



71 



tion Then the Hevea species — the " Pani " rubber tree- 
was not drawn ui)on at all, and yet this tree has been found 
to exist in ('olonibia over an area measured not by acres 
or hectares, but by degrees of latitude 

How soon the Hevea rubber resources of the country 
may be rendered of service to the world depends upon the 
degree of intelligence with which the government may deal 
with the question of encouraging their exploitation. But 
at least the government has placed no obstacles in the way 
of cultivation in the districts long ago denuded of the nat- 
ural growths of Castilloa — and perhaps Sapitim — and from 
details printed elsewhere in this Journal, it appears that 
planting of these species, here and there on a compara- 
tively small scale, has been in progress long enough to 
demonstrate that, if there were no other field open for 
rubber planting, Colombia has the capacity in time to pro- 
duce, under cultivation, enough to supply the world's de- 
mands for this invaluable material. 



THE AUTOMOBILE ERA. 



"T* HE Olympia automobile show in London, in the month 
•*• just closed, attracted an unprecedented amount of 
attention in the British metropolis for an occurrence of 
this sort, just as the Paris Automobile Salon this month is 
likely to do in France, despite the many notable exhibi- 
tions of the kind in the latter country. Similarly the ex- 
hibitions of the same character scheduled for the leading 
American cities within the next two months may be ex- 
pected to prove a greater popular attraction than anything 
in the same line in the past. Already all the available spaces 
in the New York and Chicago show buildings have been 
preem.pted, and many would be exhibitors will be without 
an opportunity to show their products. And the week 
limit adopted in each of the cities will be too brief by 
far to permit all who would attend to have an opportu- 
nity to see the marvelously interesting exhibits. 

The public interest in the new means of transportation 
is no mere passing curiosity, such as attracted crowds to 
see the first elephant ever exhibited in London. The au- 
tomobile shows are intended to be, and are recognized by 
their patrons as being, means for the education of the 
public in the details of a new and great utility of universal 
and lasting importance. When the luxurious ox carts in 
which royalty in the middle ages was conveyed through 
the streets of Paris were supplanted by even more luxuri- 
ous coaches drawn by horses, at a faster gait, the transi- 
tion was so gradual as not to appeal greatly at any time to 
the public interest. Stephenson's perfection of the loco- 
motive, far reaching in importance as was his invention, 
was slow in coming into universal appreciation, because 
railways could not be constructed quickly over long dis- 
tances. And even now, with the hundreds of thousands of 
miles of railways on the globe, most living men have never 
seen a locomotive. 

But the automobile is an even more spectacular object 
than the locomotive, and it runs where it will, without the 
aid of a steel roadway. And its development has been so 
rapid that even most children now alive antedate it in 



years. In India, across the Sahara, in South American 
regions where the locomotive is yet a stranger, automo- 
biles have been seen and more will be seen before any 
other means of locomotion faster than horse drawn vehi- 
cles will ever appear. Not as freaks or mere curiosities, 
but as vehicles having manifold practical advantages — not 
temporarily, but through so much of the future that no- 
body now living can foresee their end by the substitution 
of something even more practical. 

The coming New York automobile show is only the 
sixth ; twelve years ago the word "automobile" was un- 
known ; twelve years hence doubtless a horse drawn vehi- 
cle on New York streets will not be seen except in the way 
of a " fad ", driven by some wealthy man of leisure deter- 
mined to possess a novelty, at whatever cost. For the 
horseless vehicle is destined to prevail, not only for pur- 
poses of pleasure, but in the shape of commercial wagons, 
in which shape, as The India Rubber World for some 
time has contended, the world's greatest use of the motor 
car is bound to be demonstrated. 

Time was when the manufacturer of rubber goods had 
no special reason to be interested in any form of the 
world's progress beyond the fact that rubber — in whicn 
comparatively few people had any interest— could be made 
of use for a few purposes. Nowadays, the leaders of the 
rubber industry must take account of progress in many di- 
rections — in transportation, for example, as now being revo- 
lutionized by the use of vehicles for which rubber is in- 
dispensable. And we may refer to a news item on another 
page, reporting a reciuirement by the United States govern- 
ment of more air brake hose in railways, not to mention 
the increasing use of rubber for this purpose in many other 
countries. And this is only the beginning of a catalogue 
of modern uses of rubber, yet in their infancy, which open 
new opportunities for the rubber manufacturer, and for the 
scientific cultivator of rubber as well. 

Where is the " rubber trust " nowadays .' If the daily 
papers remain quiet about the old octopus much longer, the 
people are in danger of forgetting that it exists. 



ADVANCE IN LEATHER BELTING. 



THE nineteenth annual convention of the Leather Belting 
Manufacturers' Association was held In New York No- 
vember 16. The meeting was well attended and 7 additional 
firms of manufacturers were admitted to membership. The 
question of an advance in the price of leather belting having 
been thoroughly discussed, it was decided to make an advance 
of 10 per cent, over prices prevailing hitherto — this advance to 
be effected by changing the discount and to take place at once, 
but without any change in the price list, which has been in force 
since 1901. Edward P. Alexander of Philadelphia was reelected 
president and George H. Blake, No. 28 Ferry street, New York, 
secretary and treasurer. F. H. Croul of Detroit, Michigan, was 
elected vice president. -—-"The United States consul general at 
Frankfort o/M., Germany, reports a meeting of leather belt 
manufacturers of the Rhineland and Westphalia, at which it 
was resolved to issue a circular announcing an increase in the 
price of leather belting due to the meat famine throughout 
Germany and the resulting decrease in slaughtering. 



72 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



THE QUALITY OF PLANTATION RUBBER. 



ON his return from a visit to Europe to his post as public 
" rubber expert" in the Federated Malay States, Mr. P. 
J. Burgess, in an interview reproduced in these pages last 
month, said that he did not know that Plantation rubber had 
yet acquired a " reputation." True, it is coming forward in in- 
creasing quantities, which are quickly taken up by consumers 
at prices much higher than are paid for the best Paia. But 
then the Plantation product is so much cleaner as to justify 
Mr. Burgess, perhaps, in asserting that the prices " are really 
in favor of the Brazilian rubber pound for pound of real rub- 
ber." That the new rubber possesses intrinsic value is nowhere 
doubted ; just how it will compare ultimately with other rub- 
bers that have longer been in use. however, and for what pur- 
poses manufacturers will prefer the new rubber, remain to be 
more fully tested in practice. Thk India Rubber World has 
at hand several expressions from the trade bearing upon this 
subject which may possess some interest. 

• • • 

In the first place comes a letter from the managing director 
of one of the first rubber factories in Great Britain to experi- 
ment with Ceylon rubber. He writes : 

" We have only as yet used plantation rubber experimentally 
and sparingly. Until it arrives in greater quantities it is too 
dear for the general trade, since the solution makers lan afford 
to pay 2 pence a pound more for it than ordinary mechanical 
manufacturers. When it arrives in excess of the solution re- 
quirements, the prices will rectify themselves. 

" We don't make solution for the trade, but merely for our 
own requirements. The quantity from any one estate is yet 
too trivial to be worth much attention, and as yet the London 
auction sales ofler the best choice for the buyer and best 
price for the seller. 

" The qualities vary even from the same estate, according to 
the age of the trees, whilst yet so young. We judge that the 
rubber has not attained its full strength till the tree is at least 8 
or 9 years old ; younger than that, though good gum, it has 
not the strength of hard cure Madeira fine Paia, and is uneven 
in strength. There is no difference noticeable in the rubber 
from 8 year old trees from diflferent plantations. We have used 
about 4 to 5 tons in testing it, from about 20 plantations. As 
yet it is not safe to use for the finest work, such as India-rubber 
thread and the best bladders, but where a ' weak Paid ' will do 
it is all right." 

* * * 

A MEMBER of the British rubber trade, though not at present 
a manufacturer, to whom the preceding lines were shown, of- 
fers this suggestion : 

" It is true that an absolutely fair test of plantation rubber in 
comparison with Brazilian Para rubber has not yet been pos- 
sible, owing to the fact that the Ceylon and Straits products so 
far have been marketed in such small lots — though the aggregate 
may have been important — and varying so in quality and con- 
dition that the manufacturer seeking to use these sorts has been 
unable to obtain either an important quantity at one time or an 
assured supply of a given quality for regular consumption. 
These things will right themselves, however, with the increas- 
ing production of the plantations and the better care in the 
preparation of the rubber. But there is something lor the man- 
ufacturer to do as well as for the planter, in arriving at the best 
possible results from the new class of rubbers. For instance, 
the manufacturer here quoted is of the opinion that the Ceylon 
rubber is not safe to use In making rubber thread. But the na- 
ture of his tests is not indicated. The fact that this rubber has 



not given good results for thread under the established practice 
in his factory is by no means conclusive. Possibly with a varia- 
tion from his practice, for instance in regard to vulcanization, 
a thread equally as good as any other in market might be 
produced. The whole industry will recall the variations Irom 
any former practice which were rendered necessary after the in- 
troduction of Africans before satisfactory results were obtained, 
but now the consumption of Africans has become very large, 
and for many purposes with as good results as from the best 
Para sorts. In fact, there are uses for which some of the Afri- 
cans are preferable to Paid rubber." 

» • ♦ 

A FIRM of London rubber brokers write to The India Rub- 
ber World as follows in regard to plantation rubber from the 
Far East : 

" At present the quantities have not been sufficiently large 
to be taken generally by manufacturers, and it has yet to be 
ascertained for what purposes these new plantation rubbers are 
most suited, and how results compare with ordinary fine Pard. 
There is no doubt that for some special purposes the pancake 
and sheet rubber both from Ceylon and the Malay States have 
been found very suitable, and the very convenient form of prep- 
aration, but it will have to come in much larger quantities be- 
fore it can establish its proper place in competition with fine 
Para and be generally used by manufacturers who must have 
regular supplies. Up to now we have found very few consum- 
ers to look with favor upon the washed and crepe rubber, and 
they nearly all say they prefer the biscuits or sheets, and will 
do the washing themselves. The cre/>e and washed is liable to 
heat en route, which is against it." 



THE ELECTRICAL TRADE IN GERMANY. 



THE report of Deutsche Kabelwerke Actiengesellschaft 
(Berlin ; works at Rummelsburg ; founded in 1896 and 
having 2,000,000 marks capital) for the last business year shows 
larger earnings than in the preceding year, permitting the distri- 
bution of 5 per cent, in dividends against 3 per cent, in 1904. 
The report states : " This is caused by the larger cable demand as 
well as by the changed market conditions. On account of the in- 
creasing tendency for municipal ownership many of the electri- 
cal works have passed from the hands of the electrical contract- 
ing companies to city control, and the market for cable supplies 
has become more open. This affords better chances of obtain- 
ing large orders which heretofore fell into the hands of the con- 
cessionaire without competition. The manufacturers of spe- 
cialties are also benefitted by the increasing number of electric 
plants erected by cities and municipalities. The prices were 
only slightly in advance over those of the former year. Com- 
petition remained very keen and raw material prices very high. 
The management hope to even up on this by perfecting the 
facilities for working up the raw material. The participants in 
the company are : The Union Cable Co., Limited (London) and 
the Cyklon Maschinen Fabrik (Berlin). The first one gave sat- 
isfactory earnings and business is increasing. The Cyklon com- 
pany, making the well known Cyclonet, has not made its an- 
nual report as yet, but, judging from the great activity of their 
business, a good result is expected. The present turnover and 
orders now in hand are 50 per cent, more than last year." 



A PROMISING plantation of Hevca rubber has been started at 
Koolau, on the Island of Maui, Sandwich Islands, 236 acres 
having already been planted. The moving spirits in the matter 
are Mr. Hugh Howell, county surveyor of the island named, 
and certain sugar planters. 



December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBL.ER ^A^ORLD 



73 



EXPERIENCES IN COLOMBIA— RUBBER PROSPECTS. 

By the Editor of The India Rubber World." 



IT had been my fortune a number o( times to observe the pic- 
turesque coast of Colombia from the sea, on both the At- 
lantic and Pacific sides. but upto the time that the good ship 
Sarnia landed me at Savanilla I had never set foot on its 
sacred soil. It was. therefore, with much Interest that I stood on 
deck and watched the approach of the vessel to the 300-foot 
iron pier that is about, all there is of the " Port of Colombia." 
There was. to be sure, a cluster of huts about the little rail- 
way station ; huts that seemed to grow up out of the desolate 
shore much as the cactus and mesquite did, without any human 
intervention, but the result rather of a dry. creative impulse of 
some arid desert god. 

We had been shouldered and bufTetted for several days by 
the restless Carib- 
bean, scorched by 
the sun and wilted 
by the heat, and 
we were glad of 
the prospect o f 
getting ashore. 
We. therefore, en- 
tered in spirit into 
the feelings of our 
captain, who was 
racing with a 
French steamer 
for a good moor- 
ing, and whose 
Teutonic oaths we 
piously echoed 
without knowing 
exactly what they 
meant. Whether 
this helped in the 
race is a question, but at all events we got the berth, and as we 
were making fast the captain joined our group, his good na- 
ture restored, and as we stood under the awning, sheltered from 
a shower not much bigger than a pocket handkerchief, he 
called attention to a man standing on the pier who was Gen- 
eral Somebody, and a personage of 
great importance. 

" You mean the chap in the macin- 
tosh ? " asked an English shipmate. 

" No. the man in the rubber goat," 
growled the captain. 

Both of them stood pat and the ar- 
gument lasted long after we left them 
and stepped upon the pier. 

It was crowded with freight cars, 
natives, sailors, and the nondescript 
Anglo-Saxons that become residents ol 
such places and never get either money 
or energy enough to get away. Did I 
say that it was Sunday when we landed .•■ 
Well, by the calendar it certainly was the holy Sabbath, but so 
far as we could see, no one observed it but ourselves, which we 
did by rigidly abstaining from work and preparing to journey 
up to Barranquilla early Monday morning. This town, which 
is some 19 miles away, is connected with the port by a jerk 



VIEW OF BARRANQUILLA. 




HOMES OF THE POOR, 



water railroad that has great difficulty in negotiating two trips 
in 24 hours. We therefore made all preparations, and as I was 
the only one who knew how to ask for three tickets in Spanish, 
I was elected treasurer, and full of confidence approached the 
ticket oHice with the demand, " Tres botia Barranquilla." 
After much conversation and considerable sign language, I 
discovered that single fare was $88, round trip being $74 ; so 
I bought round trips, thus saving S42. The price seemed a 
little high, but It gave us an added respect for a corporation 
that could secure such prices. 

Taking our places in the passenger coach, which was about 
15 feet long, with exceedingly narrow sides, we were bestowed 
as comfortably as might be. We three were the only Ameri- 
canos, and the Co- 
ombians, particu- 
arly those with 
the store teeth, 
which seemed to 
be quite a fad, 
smiled at us be- 
nignly. We were 
unable to sit to- 
gether, and to one 
fell the luck of 
being seated by 
the side of an ex- 
c e e d I n g 1 y dark 
complexioned 
lady with much 
adipose tissue, 
who shook with 
J the motion of the 
train so that we 
feared her calico 
swathings would give way and she would run all over the 
floor; while between her and our companion sat a perfectly 
naked boy about six years old. I have forgotten .how the rest 
of us were bestowed, I was so interested In watching the dis- 
gusted look on the face of the crowded one. 

When the train was loaded and ev- 
erything ready, we'had the usual South 
American wait of about a half hour, 
and then finally, after much protesting 
on the part of the fussy little engine, 
the train dragged slowly along the 
wharf, around by the station, and fol- 
lowing the shore took its way through 
most uninteresting country until we 
reached Barranquilla. This proved to 
be quite a city, Spanish-American 
throughout, and unspoiled by the tour- 
ists. Around the station were two score 
of rickety carriages, to which were at- 
tached, by rusty and nondescript har- 
nesses, a collection of horses, cadaverous and dispirited in 
the extreme. Two of them succeeded, however, In getting 
us and our luggage to the Hotel Anglais, run by an English 
woman, where we secured a room. It contained four beds, a 
passage way between them, a washstand, and a broad balcony 




74 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



overlooking the street. The heat was really terrific and the 
sandy streets of the town shot it up into the rooms until it 
seemed almost unbearable. Our stout companion by this time 
had a splitting headache, so we put him to bed and began to 
take care of him. I secured for him a cup of tea, part of 
which he drank. Another got him a glass of lemonade, which 
seemed to do him more good than the tea, and then for the 
moment he felt so much bet- 
ter that we got a waiter to 
bring him up a light meal, 
after which, discovering that 
the hotel afforded ice cream, 
he had a plate of that. Then 
he began to feel ill again ; in 
fact quite sick at the stomach ; 
indeed I think he would have 
refunded all he had eaten had 
I not shown him the bill, 
which is repeated in the mar- 
Tea $10. gin. Thrifty 



Lemonade. 

Food 

Ice cream .. . . 



j„; New Eng- 
'5- lander that 




Total $3;, he was, he 

subdued nature and in a swel- 
ter of perspiration announced his intention of keeping what 
he had paid so high for. 

Our British hostess did not have any time to spend upon us, 
and as English was an unknown language in the town, we were 
doubly fortunate in making the acquaintance of Julius Caesar 
Visbal, a coffee colored, barefooted urchin brought up in Ja- 
maica, who spoke English fluently and melodiously. His pres- 
ence so cheered the sick one that he suddenlybecame convales- 
cent, lost his headache, got up and joined us while we did the 
town. Julius was indeed a treasure. He explained everything 
to us briefly and quaintly, and incidentally gathered at his 
heels one-half of the population of the town, who cared not a 
whit for us but who wanted to hear him talk English. 

That night we 
dined in the main 
dining hall, but 
my appetite was 
spoiled by a sign 
on the wall which 
read as indicated 
herewith : 

Ice cream $ is. 

Sliced ham . 41. 

Ox tongue 100. 

After dinner we 
walked around in 
the cool of the 
evening, bought 
some Aztec pot- 
tery warranted to 
be genuine, and 
later retired to 
our room. It was 
then that we be- 
gan to appreciate 
the deadly stillness of the tropics. The dog fight that started 
in the hallway opposite our room ended in the room, as the 
combatants fell against the door and burst in. This, mingled 
with the evening song of several cats, the katydid chorus, and 
the constant whistling of the police patrol, soon lulled us to 
sleep; that is, accurately speaking, it lulled one of us. who, 
when he once lost himself, had the whole tropical chorus beaten 



MOUTH OF THE SINU RIVER 




PANORAMIC VIEW OF CARTAGENA- 



to a Standstill. As an originator of strange gasps, groans, sobs, 
and strangling snorts, he outclassed anything that we had ever 
heard before, and while we did not sleep, we lay and listened, 
filled with awe as in the presence of the emperor of all snorers. 
In the morning, desirous of showing our appreciation of 
what Julius had done for us, we asked him to name hisown re- 
ward, and he decided that he would like a pair of shoes. We 

therefore purchased for him 
for $30 a pair of stout leather 
shoes, and for $15 more a pair 
of stockings. Then loath to 
part with him we gave him 
money to purchase a ticket to 
ride down to Savanilla with 
us and see us off. This he did 
in the thriftiest sort of fashion 
by buying a third class ticket, 
round trip, for $10, and enter- 
ing our first class car and 
calmly putting himself under 
our protection and ignoring 
the expostulations of the out- 
raged conductor. We found 
incidentally that the fact that 
Julius went away with us caused a wave of indignation to run 
throughout the town, as they believed we had practically ab- 
ducted him. A British friend also who had remained aboard 
the steamer, was very much surprised to see the treatment that 
we accorded Julius and asked an explanation of it, in reply 
to which the Manufacturer said, jocosely : 
" Him and me is partners." 

" I am sure you are, from your grammar," replied the Briton, 
with a sarcastic emphasis that was delightful. 

We had dinner on the boat and alter dinner I rendered an 
account of my stewardship, which the figures show : 

Ticket, Julius. . . $ 10. 
Total $1:^36 

All this money for 
24 hours of doubt- 
ful pleasure. I 
have forgotten 
whether I re- 
marked that $1 of 
Uncle Sam's mo- 
ney was readily 
taken by the Co- 
lombians for $100 
of their own. 

The reason for 
the great depreci- 
ation in Colombi- 
an currencj'is 
said to be that 25 
years ago Colom- 
bia coined both 
gold and silver 
which circulated 
at par, but the law 
allowed all debts to be paid in silver, which was the cheaper, 
and in a very short time gold went out of use and became a 
subject for speculation rather than a circulating medium. 

We got away at 11 o'clock that night and on the following 
morning were out of sight of land, continuing so all day. As 
there were no ladies aboard, and as it was exceedingly hot, we 
lived in pajamas and came nearer to being comfortable than we 



Railroad tickets . $ 2=2. 


Tip .. 


. .$ 5 


Carriage 80. 


Miscellaneous. . 


.. 150 


Three lemonades . 24. 


Hotel 


... S45 



December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER V70RLD 



75 



had any time for a week. It was told us incidentally during the 
day by one of the officers that the report had gone abroad in 
Barranquillathat the president of the United States had been 
assassinated— a report circulated probably by some one who 
was feeling sore about Panama. The matter furnished a day's 
excitement, until the arrival of the next steamer confirmed its 
untruthfulness. We knew that nothing of the kind had hap- 
pened, however, so were not worried by the report. 

The following morning found us at the entrance of the harbor 




FIGURES IN THE MAP RELATE TO THE LOCATION OF RUBBER PLANTATIONS (MEN 
TIONED ON ANOTHER PAGE) BELONGING TO THE FOLLOWING 

8 
9- 



I. JUAN C. OLIFK 
2 CICERON ANGEL. 

3. CARLOS NICOLAS KKKKI-R lO. 

4. GONZALO ZUNIC.A II. 
5 MELUK & CO. 12. 

6. DELFINO DIAZ. I3. 

7. MANUEL RIOS. 



LOUIS CONZALLS. 
ABUCHAR HERMANOS. 
RENE GRANGER. 
LOUIS M SANTAMARIA. 
FRANCISCO DE B CARASCO. 
" LE BARRIGONa" — DE LA 
TORRE BROTHERS, 



at Cartagena. We entered by the old Spanish forts, passing 
groves of palms, coming into a beautiful stretch of harbor 
where fronting us lay the old walled city, built close to the 
water's edge, with a background of tree clad heights, a sight 
picturesque and beautiful, a wonderful contrast to the Colom- 
bian towns we had just left. Making fast to the pier, the 
steamer was at once surrounded by dugouts, in which natives 
with monkeys, parrots, coral, etc., tried to tempt money from 
the reluctant pockets of the passengers. Getting ashore we 
took a short railroad ride to the middle of the city and 
breakfasted at the Hotel Americano. Even here there 
were few Anglo-Saxons. Indeed one of the store- 
keepers to whom we had letters of introduction said 
at that time there were only 7 Americans, 4 English- 
men, and 3 Germans in the city. The old city was fas- 
cinating in the extreme and we spent every moment 
that we could spare in viewing the walls, the cathe- 
dral, the fortifications, and the public buildings. We 
also went up against a native manufacturer of Panama 
hats and each bought several of them. Incidentally, 
of course, we looked for rubber, but found that there 
was very little in town. Indeed few knew anything 
about rubber any way, either wild or cultivated. A 
young Philadelphian who went down with us reported 
that on his company's concession, which covered 
some 200 square miles, the natives had cut down 
nearly all the rubber trees, and that that sort of work 
had followed throughout the whole of their district. 

It was a very fortunate accident that at this junct- 
ure brought me in touch with Mr. Henry G. Granger, 
United States consular agent at Ouibdo, Colombia, 
and it is due to his instant good will that the follow- 
ing record is here appended. 

Quibdo, by the way. on the river Atrato, in western 
Colombia, is a town of some commercial importance 
in that region, as well as a political center, being the 
residence of the prefect of one of the provinces. The 
term "theChoci'>" mentioned by Mr. Granger is a 
legacy from former days, when a province existed by 
that name, derived from an ancient Indian race called 
the Chocos. The region referred to now, however, 
forms a portion of the present department of Cauca. 
Mr. Granger's information follows: 

" Thirty years ago the production of wild rubber in 
the Choco amounted to several million pounds per 
year. The trees were cut down and bled to the 
branches. As the wild Castilloa here runs a free latex, 
it is gathered in kerosene cans or holes in the ground 
and is brought to market in solid cakes. Owing to 
the destruction of the trees, the output steadily fell 
ofT and the cakes became adulterated by earth and 
non elastic saps mixed in to make weight until the 
business became pretty well discredited, and relatively 
non important. Then attention began to be called to 
small balls of rolled strips, chaza (pronounced 'chassa') 
which were brought in by Indians and occasional 
negroes, which were taken from cultivated trees by 
culling the bark with machetes at intervals of a few 
inches as far as a man could reach. The cultivated 
trees are called ' borroso ' as they give a thick latex 
which runs but a short distance down ihe Hunk and 
is gathered when dry by tearing cf! the strips and 
rolling them into balls or packing in boxes in which 
case they dry in the form of the receptacle. 

" Practically all traveling in the Choco is done by 



76 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 




SCLNt IN woibuw, A nUdbCH TKADiNu CtNTtB. 

water, and soon canoes began to arrive bringing only ' chaza," 
as this class of rubber, in view of the superior price it brought 
in the foreign markets, was paid 
for at much higher rates than the 
ordinary cakes. This stimulated 
the negroes and about nine or ten 
years ago they began to plant rub- 
ber, until to-day of the estimated 
population of 80,000 negroes in the 
Choco, he is the exception who 
has not. if not bearing, at least a 
few dozen trees planted. And 
some of them have as high as 4000 
trees in a plantation. 

" Now, in the rubber shipped 
from Choci) the cake is the excep- 
tion and chaza the rule. 

"The products of the Choco are 
shipped by the steamer CondariinA 
a number of dory shaped schoon- 
ers to Cartagena on the Atlantic 
coast, and by dugouts to Buena- 
ventura on the Pacific. The only 
two vessels which have kept a record o( their classified freight 
for the past year are the steamer Condor and the schooner 




LUMBER AND WILD RUBBER CAMP. 



COLOMBIAN SCENERY. 

Tulia. Inquiiy from their owners resulted in the statement that 
they carried during this period 71 and So tons of rubber re- 
spectively. As there are a number of other schooners which 
run to Ouibdo and are known to bring rubber, it is entirely 

reasonable to place their entire to- 
tal at that of the Tulia, or a gen- 
eral total to the port of Cartagena 
of 231 tons per year. Senor Luis 
Durier of the firm of Zuniga iS: 
Diaz, at present manager of their 
Cartagena house, who has had ex- 
tended experience in the province 
of San Juan, says that unquestion- 
ably this region shops as much as 
the Atrato. But if it shipped far 
less we would still have a product 
of over a ton a day, the great ma- 
jority of which is chaza, or the pro- 
duct of standing cultivated trees. 

'• It is an accepted fact that in 
five, or even four years if well cared 
for. a rubber tree in the Cho(6 
will give a total annual product, of 
various cuttings or tappings, of a 
pound of chaza. and that if care 
is taken not to injure the tree, this amount will annually in- 




MEDELLIN STREET SCENE. 



MEDELLIN— HOME OF A WEALTHY CITIZEN. 



December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



77 



crease. The commerce of the Choci'i is in 
white race, who live in the principal towns, 
into rubber planting, and some esteem the 
than their merchandizing. Among 
the principal ones are : 

Juan C. Oiler. RioSucio, Atr.ito, Co- 
lombia. 

( iceron Angel. (Juibdo, Atrato, Co- 
lombia. 

Carlos Nicolas Ferrer, Quibdo, Atra- 
to, Colombia. 

C'lonzalo Zunlga, Quibdo, Atrato, Co- 
lombia. 

Meluk & Co., Quibdo. Atrato, Co- 
lombia. 

Dellino Diaz, Quibdo, Atrato, Co- 
lombia. 

Manuel RIos, Rio Sucio, Atrato, Co- 
lombia. 

I.uis Gonzales, Tuibo, Atrato, Co- 
lombia. 

Abuchar Ilermanos, Sautata, Atra'o, 
Colombia. 

Kene Granger, manager, Yanko m- 
ba, Atrato, Colombia. 

I.uls M. Santamara, manager, La 
Carolina, Uraba, Colombia. 

Francisco de B. Carrasco, Istmlna 
Choco, San Juan, Colombia. 

— not to mention the hundreds of 
small plantations of much larger 
aggregate than the above, whose 
planting will amount to probably 
about 300,000 trees ; all of Casiil 
loa except at La Carolina, which is 
trying Manihot Glaziovii with 



the hands of the seeds brought from Don Simon de la Torres's ranch ' La Bar- 
Many have gone rigona ' on the upper Magdalena, which in turn brought seeds 
r plantations more from Ceylon. 

" It is found that rubber to thrive 
in the Choci> must be planted in 
the sun, and the accepted distance 
apart is 4 to 5 meters. The con- 
struction of the Colombia Central 
railroad from the gulf of Uraba 
(Darien) to the interior will open 
up a lot of rubber land in addition 
to the areas already accessible 
Banana raising, quartz mining, and 
gold dredging are industries of 
great promise here, but none of 
them will surpass the rubber plant- 
ing business if the present enthu- 
siasm continues, and judging from 
the outlook it will." 

Incidentally other details have 
come to my notice regarding the 
interest in rubber planting that is 
being developed in Colombia, and 
which will be put in shape for my 
readers in the near future. This 
interest really is larger than I had 
had reason to appreciate, and is 
likely to become very important. 
Important concessions for exploit- 
ing crude rubber are also about to 
be developed. 




TOR (ON THE RIGHT) AND HIS COMPANIONS DU VOYAGE 
[The Boy is Julius Ci-s.ir.l 





SUQAR c- 





TYPICAL INDUSTRIES OF COLOMBIA. 



78 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



RUBBER INTERESTS IN EUROPE. 



OALALITH IN RUSSIA. 

A CONCESSION has been obtained by G.J. Bierich.of Riga, 
to form a company, Aktiengesellschaft der Baltischen 
Fabriken von Galalith- und Hornfabrikation, with a capital of 
500,000 rubles [=$257,500], to establish works in the Livland 
district for producing compounds of Galalith, horn, and other 
materials, and to make goods from these. The company will 
work under arrangements with the Internationale Galalith- 
Gesellschatt Hoff & Co. (Harburg a/d Elbe, Germany). 

MR. TIPPET RETIRES FROM THE LIVERPOOL. 

After serving for nearly 21 years as chairman and manag- 
ing director of The Liverpool Rubber Co., Limited, Mr. Henry 
Grendon Tippet has retired, to enjoy what his many friends 
trust will prove a long holiday, which will be devoted to the 
pleasures of country life at Ross, in Herefordshire. During 
Mr. Tippet's administration the Liverpool company has enjoyed 
an era of prosperity which testifies to his capacity and devotion 
to its interests. As chairman and later a director of the India- 
Rubber Manufacturers' Association he has exerted himself like- 
wise in the general interest of the rubber industry. Mr. Tippet 
remains a member of the board of the Liverpool company ; his 
successor in the chairmanship is Mr. Max Muspratt, an active 
and capable young man of 34, a son of Mr. E. K. Muspratt, j. 
p., chairman of the British Insulated and Helsby Cables, Lim- 
ited, of Prcscot. / 

GERMANY. 

The Deutsche Guramischuh-Vertriebs-Gesellschaft G. m. b. 
H. (German Rubber Shoe Distributing Co., Limited), of Berlin, 
which has the exclusive sale of the "Harburg-Wien" and " Cal- 
mon " rubber shoes, announces that it was not affected by the 
fire at the Harburg works, in so far as the warehouses contain- 
ing the stock for the entire season were wholly saved The 
company therefore is in no way impeded in making deliveries. 

= S;ichsisch-Bohmische Gummiwaren-Fabrik Actiengesell- 
schaft. formerly having factories at Dresden Lobtau and at Bii- 
nauburg (Bohemia), but recently operating only the latter, has 
been merged with Frankfurter Gummiwaren-Fabrik Carl 
Stockicht Actiengesellschaft, formed last year to acquire the 
works before carried on by S'o:kicht as a private concern at 



Frankfort o/M. The Biinauburg works will continue to be op- 
erated, thus giving the Stockicht company two factories — 
one each in Germany and Austria. 

= Pahrsche Gummi-und Asbest-Gesellschaft m. b. H., at 
DUsseldorf-Rath, have increased their capital to 850,000 marks 
[ = $202,300], in accordance with a resolution dated August 11, 
1905 

GREAT BRITAIN. 

W. T. Henley's Telegraph Works Co., Limited, announce 
the issue of ^150.000 at 4)^ per cent, first mortgage debenture 
stock, of which ;^4i,798 is allotted for the retirement of exist- 
ing debentures and the remaining ^108,022 oflfered for public 
subscription. The company are building an additional factory 
at Gravesend, and the new issue is intended principally to meet 
the expenditure upon the new works. 

= The eleventh International Shoe and Leather Fair, held 
during the first week of November in London, included some 
notable exhibits of rubber boots and shoes, together with rub- 
ber soles for sporting and other shoes, and particularly a great 
variety of rubber heel pads. 

VEREINIGTE GUMMIWAREN-FABRIKEN HARBURG-WIEN. 

The gross profits of the goods account for the business year 

ending June 30 last amounted to j^/ 3.040 445 96 [ = $723 626.14], 

against M 2,729 948.29 of the preceding year, and M 3 374,100.- 

67 in the year 1902-03. The net profit tor the last business \ear 

amounted to M 850,522.84 [ = $202 424 44J against M 830,301.45 

last year, and was disposed of as follows : 

Net profit for this year M 850,522 84 

Dividend 5 per cent, on the entire capital 300,000 00 



Less 10 per cent. Commission to the Directors. 
Add Balance from profits of 1903-04 



M 550.522 84 
55,052.28 



M 495,47° 56 
181,478 36 



M 676,948 92 
Dividend 7^ per cent, on the entire capital 450,00.0.00 



Less Officers' Pension Funds. 



M 226,948.92 
50,000.00 



Balance to 1905-06 M 176,94892 

The capital of the company remains at M b.ooo.ooo [=$!,- 
428,000]. and the reserves at the former large figures. 




AFTER THE FIRE (OCTOBER 7) — VEREINIGTE GUMMIWAREN-FaBRIKEN HARBURG-WIEN. 

[See The India Rubbkr Worlp, November i, 1905— page 55.] 



December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



79 



THE INDIA-RUBBER TRADE IN GREAT BRITAIN. 

By Our Regular Correspondent. 



THE beginning of November sees rubber manufacturers 
busy preparing their samples and quotations in response 
to the tenders sent out by the Admiralty. This year 
things are on a somewhat different footing from the 
past. Not only is there a new chief chemist at the head of the 
Admiralty laboratory, but the strong represen- 
ADMiRALTY t^tion made a year or so ago by manufacturers 

CONTRACTS. o y 

as to the nature of the tests employed has led to 
a decided alteration. The new specification for A quality is, I 
think, of sullicient interest to give in full : 

The India rubber is to be made of pure Caoutchouc of the quality speci- 
fied below, with no other ingredients than sulphur and white oxide of 
zinc. The sulphur is not to exceed 3 per cent, and the oxide of zinc is 
not to exceed 40 per cent., reckoned on the manufactured rubber. It is 
to be of a homogeneous character throughout and is to be thoroughly 
compressed free from air holes, pores, and all other imperfections ; it 
must contain no crumb rubber, recovered rubber, or other treated or 
waste rubber, or rubber substitute of any kind. It must endure a dry 
heat of 270°. F. for 2 hours without impairing its quality. The quality 
of the Caoutchouc used must be of such a character that after it has been 
made up into the vulcanized and tinisbed article, as defined above, not 
more than 10 parts per cent, of organic matter and sulphur calculated on 
the non-mineral matter present can be extracted from the rubber by boil- 
ing it for 6 hours in a finely ground condition with a 6 per cent, solu- 
tion of alcoholic caustic potash. 

The alteration from the old specification consists in the sub- 
stitution of the moist heat test 4 hours at 320° F. by the alco- 
holic potash test as a means of detecting the presence of substi- 
tute or highly resinous rubbers. In addition the words " Para 
rubber" vanishes and "pure Caoutchouc" appears instead. 
The new test requires careful reading: I don't say that it is am- 
biguous, but that its tenor is not at once apparent to the busi- 
ness man in a hurry is a matter of fact which has come promi- 
nently under my own observation. 

Now that the question of honesty does not arise in sending 
rubber which is not fine Pari, there is plenty of scope for man- 
ufacturers to exercise their skill in producing a compound 
which will stand the tests and not be prohibitive in price. It is 
an open secret that the bulk of the contracts placed in the past 
have been for rubber which did not consist entirely of pure 
Para and rejections were assignable more to excess of sulphur 
than to failure in other respects. The new test may be taken 
as an indication that the chemical examination throughout will 
be of a more severe character than under the old regime, though 
as long as it does not go beyond what is laid down in the speci- 
ification the manufactuters have no legitimate cause for grum- 
bling. There is a point which has arisen, however, under the 
new regime which certainly discloses an unsatisfactory state of 
affairs. In a certain class of g,ods the manufacturers have 
largely ignored the old specification and supplied a rubber mix- 
ing which their own experience has shown to be much more 
suitable. This has been done for years and as the price quoted 
has been much lower than if the specification had been adhered 
to the country has been a gainer. Now, however, the manu- 
facturers are to supply a rubber, under pain of rejection, which 
is quite unsuitable for the purpose and which must necessarily 
be more costly. Evidently we have here another case where a 
conference of manufacturers with the non-technical authorities 
seems not only desirable but absolutely necessary if this partic- 
ular portion of the country's business is to be carried on on sen- 



sible lines. As the case stands at present a manufacturer who 
sends a sample of what he has been supplying for years will 
have it rejected on analysis and if he sends what the Admiralty 
specify for he knows that the goods will not prove satisfactory 
under the conditions of use, and this of course may easily cause 
him discredit in trade circles as a maker of unsatisfactory 
goods. There has been I may say some considerable rejection 
of admiralty rubber since the new chemist took office but I do 
not propose to go into details. It ought to be pointed out that 
the present dry heat test of two hours is an alteration of the 
old one which was only one hour at 27o°F. With regard to 
this test it is important that buyer and seller should use pre- 
cisely the same method of testing, otherwise discrepancies in 
results are certain. 

I AM informed that Mr. Samuel Whitehead, who has been 

for some years works manager at the Leyland and Birmingham 

Rubber Co., Limited, at Leyland, has entered into an 

"^^ arrangement with the Wood-Milne Co. to manufacture 

WORKS. " 

their heel pads, for which a factory is now in course 
of erection at Leyland. So far from showing any diminution 
in popular favor, I have it on good authority that the turnover 
of the Wood Milne Co. the last twelve months shows an in- 
crease of 40 per cent, over the previous period. Up to now the 
company has had its goods manufactured by some of the prin- 
cipal rubber works, and the effect of the new departure will of 
course mean a loss of a large amount of business to certain 
rubber firms. 

On October 30 the rubber machinery at Messrs. Gotliffe's 

proofing works at Hyde, near Manchester, was sold piecemeal 

by auction as a sufficient bid had not been received 

AUCTION jjjj. jj ^g 2 whole. The firm are continuing in the 

SALES. <- u ■ . ■ -A 

waterproofing business at their premises in Ancoats, 
Manchester, but will in future buy their proofed cloth from the 
large rubber manufacturers and save themselves from the wor- 
ries incidental to the manufacture ab initio. The trade gener- 
ally is looking up, orders and enquiries in this branch being 
quite numerous compared with a year ago.= ==-On October 31 
and succeeding days a sale was held at the works of the Hyde 
Rubber Works, Limited, of the stock-in-trade, comprising raw 
and batched rubber, reclaimed rubber, chemicals, and fittings. 
The premises, as already mentioned, have been acquired by 
Messrs. Mandleberg & Co., for the habitat of the new Unity 
Rubber Co. Discord rather than unity has been associated 
with the works during past years, but the new company has all 
the elements of success about it. In addition to the above 
mentioned goods, there was a quantity of manufactured rubber 
including cycle and motor tires, matting, and heel pads. The 
conditions of sale had a clause referring to manufactured 
patent registered or proprietary articles which, it was stated, 
were sold on the condition that they were only used as scrap 
rubber. With regard to heel pads, for which there was ani- 
mated bidding, the auctioneer was closely questioned as to this 
condition of sale and was evidently in doubt as to whether 
"this country "as a place of sale included Ireland and Scot- 
land. Judging by the prices paid I should hardly imagine 
the heel pads sold will be used only as scrap. There was no 
machinery on sale, this having evidently been taken over by 
the new company. Those who were of an inquisitive tnind 
with regard to this found the workroom doors with notices 



80 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



appended stating that entry was forbidden and drawing atten- 
tion to the dog, which certainly could be heard within. 

It was with deep regret that I heard of the recent death of 

Mr. John Cooper, the managing director of the Dermatine Co., 

Limited, of Camberwell, London, and I am 

sure that this feaJing will be shared by all 



THE LATE 
MR. JOHN COOPER. 



those who had business or social relations 
with him. It was not until 1888 that Mr. Cooper, who was born 
at Kirkintilloch, left the neighborhood of Glasgow, where he 
was engaged in journalistic and other work, to come south, and 
his work at the Dermatine Co. is a good instance of what energy 
and enthusiasm can accomplish where previous training has not 
been in the technical branch. Mr. Cooper used to say that he 
was really no loss to the papers for which he wrote musical crit- 
icisms, and it certainly seems that he found a sphere in which 
his undoubted capabilities of organization and of attracting 
custom could be utilized to greater advantage. The present 
position of the Dermatine Co. compared with what it was when 
he joined bears convincing testimony to the work accomplished. 
As a member of the committee of the India-Rabber Manufac- 
turers' Association, Mr. Cooper was a 
regular attendant at the Manchester 
meetings. Although he had paid many 
business visits to the Continent, Mr. 
Cooper had not found time to visit 
America, though he has often told the 
writer that he looked forward to doing 
so. Mr. R. F. H. Webb, who has been 
for some years a director of the Der- 
matine Co., will now act as managing 
director, while Mr. C. R. C. Hart, who 
has had considerable experience of the 
business, has been appointed general 
manager. Under these auspices the 
company should continue to flourish, 
though it is inevitable that Mr. Cooper's 
loss will make itself felt. 

From all accounts the motor show at 
Olympia to be held from November 17 

to 25 promises to be the 

biggest thing of its kind 

that London has seen. As 
I write I hear that our Editor will be 
among the visitors and will doubtless 
take on himself the additional duty of 
reporter.^—According to a paragraph which has appeared in 
the daily papers Mr. ClitTord Halle has invented a spring wheel 
for motor cars to obviate the use of rubber tires. It is stated 
to have satisfactorily undergone severe tests and to have proved 
its capacity of withstanding side strain and of allowing the axle 
always to remain in the center of the wheel while bearing its 
share of the load. Paragraphs of this sort are occasionally in- 
spired and so far I do not find much enthusiasm among motorists 
concerning it. The sort of thing it is said, has been tried before 
but nothing has come up to rubber for smoothness of running. 
■='=VIessrs. Iddon Brothers, rubber machinists of Leyland, are 
busy making the wheels for the Hartwich Tyre Syndicate. This 
tire isespecially for motor wagons and consists essentiallyof rub- 
ber blocksS inches long and 5 inches thick let into the circum- 
ference of a steel wheel ; these are placed at a slight distance 
apart on the wheel projecting to a small extent. I understand 
that in a recent test of 1000 miles with a 10 ton load the face 
of the rubber was worn down less than jV of an inch. It may 
be urged against this form of tire that it requires a specially 
made wheel, but against that it is certainly economical and 



MOTOR 
TIRES- 




THE LATE MR. JOHN COOPER. 



should have a good chance of competing with the pneumatic 
tires generally used on motor buses. ==-I see that some ad- 
venturous gentleman has got a permit from the Porte to drive 
his motorcar through Turkey. From my slight acquaintance 
with the roads of the country and from what I have been told 
I imagine that his tires will have a rough time of it. Of 
course there may be some good main roads, but the country 
roads of which I recently had experience were simply stony 
tracks along which a horse and carriage could only proceed at 
a walking pace. 

The question of railways in Ceylon has an important bearing 
upon the distribution of labor, both Cingalese and what is ob- 
tained from the mainland, and this of course in con- 
iN CEYLON "^'^''°" ^^''''' ^^^ "s* rubber industry as well as with 
the older tea planting. Sir Henry Blake, the gov- 
ernor of the island, who is now in England, is discussing the 
matter of light railways with various authorities. The matter 
is not sufficiently close to the interestsof this to warrant further 
reference. With regard, however, to the labor question gener- 
ally, I am informed that the difficulties and troubles which have 
been experienced are largely due to the 
middlemen who engage the men and 
then get them in their debt by certain 
procedure. Another source of trouble 
is that the labor is intermittent. Where 
as on the lands of the Consolidated 
Tea Co. the hands are found work all 
the year round at road making for in- 
stance, at times they are not wanted 
on the plantation, I understand that 
labor is readily obtainable. What is 
wanted it appears is the abolition of the 
middleman and not too close a haggling 
over rates of payment, and there will be 
no longer any labor question. Mr. Julius 
Hoffman presiding at a recent meeting 
of the Rubber Plantations, Limited, re- 
ferred to this matter and thought that 
those companies who were first in the 
field would be the best off as it was 
reasonable to suppose that there would 
be a deficiency. His other remarks 
were not particularly germane to the 
subject of this paragraph, but 1 may 
perhaps be excused for a brief notice of 
them. Overproduction of rubber he said is a myth, as at the pres- 
ent rate of demand, especially for motor bus tires in seven or 
eight years there would be shortage of supply of 40,000 tons 
per annum. Moreover, the cultivated rubber could be prof- 
itably sold at 8 or 9 pence per pound. Of course a good deal 
depends upon the output of wild rubber, but naturally re- 
marks such as the above are causing excitement amongst specu- 
lators and have caused the recent promotion in London to go 
off well. One thing seems certain, the published accounts of 
the profits derivable from the Ceylon plantations show that 
there is no need for close economy in the price of labor, 
though naturally in the years of waiting there will be a ten- 
dency in all directions to keep down the scale of expendi- 
tures. 

The accounts of this small Manchester concern allowing for 

the payment of a 5 per cent, dividend with nearly ^1000 

forward must be considered satisfactory, espec- 

THE GORTON j^|| ^^ ^j^g opinion was freely expressed that 

RUBBER CO. ^ -' , *^ , , , ,, XT tT 

the untimely death of Mr. Harry Heaton a 
year or two ago spelled impending ruin. 



r 



December 



1905] 



THE INDIA RUBBER 'WORLD 



81 



A GERMAN CONGRESS DISCUSSES RUBBER CULTURE. 



AT the second GermaiTColonial Congress (Berlin, October 
4 8) a considerable part of the program was devoted 
to the consideration of topics connected with Caout- 
chouc and the world's supplies of this important com- 
modity. In section V — "The Agricultural Condition of the 
Colonies and Transmarine Possessions " — almost the entire 
first session was devoted to the Caoutchouc question. The two 
speakers were Professor Dr. Otto Warburg, member of the Kol- 
onial-Wirtschaftlichen Komitees, a well known Colonial tech- 
nologist, and one of the foremost authorities on the Ficus spe- 
cies, and Herr Louis Il&ff, director of the V'ereinigte Gummi- 
waren-Fabriken Harburg-Wien.and President of the Zentral- 
vereins Deutscher Kautschukwaren - Fabrikanten (Central 
Union ol German I^ubber Goods Manufacturers). The formal 
addresses delivered by these gentlemen were followed by dis- 
cussions in which much interest was evinced. In the absence 
of copies of the two papers The India Rubber World is 
pleased to acknowledge its indebtedness to a summary of them, 
with comments, by Dr. Soskin, in GummiZeitung. 

» * * 
Dr. Warburg expressed great confidence in the future of 
rubber culture in the German colonies — in Kamerun, New Gui- 
nea, and Samoa, particularly in regions having a copious rainfall, 
and also in German East Africa. AH of these he thought would 
be able to report an important development in rubber culture 
within a very few years. Already more than 1,000.000 rubber 
trees have been planted in the German colonies, nearly half of 
them in New Guinea and one quarter in Kamerun and German 
East Africa. Samoa, also, in consequence of the recently 
formed Samoa-KautschukCompagnie, is preparing to cultivate 
rubber extensively. 

In New Guinea Ficus elaslica and Hevea IWasiliinsis have 
already given excellent results, tappings of old Fictcs elastica 
yielding z% kilograms per tree valued at 7.50 marks per kilo. 
Manihot iilaziovii {iht rubber of Ceara) has given satisfactory 
results in East Africa, eight year old trees yielding 100 grams 
[=about 3,'4 ounces] of a quality saleable at 6 to 7 marks per 
kilo. This tree promises to be of great importance for East 
Africa on account of its easy cultivation and early productive- 
ness. Kamerun possesses a valuable native rubber tree in the 
Kickxia (Funlumia) elastica. Recent experimental tappings of 
five year old trees under cultivation gave promising results as 
to quantity, and the product showed under analysis 87.2 per 
cent of Caoutchouc of fine quality. 

A " rush " such as prevails in Ceylon and the Malay States, 
where an enormous amount of capital has been invested in 
rubber culture, does not exist in the German colonies and is 
not desirable. " But," said the speaker, " the plantation com- 
panies who devote themselves early to this culture will be well 
repaid, even if they should be unable to divide a 60 per cent, 
dividend, like some of the English plantations." 

Dr. Warburg felt that great changes would be necessary in 
Caoutchouc plantation methods in the near future — in connec- 
tion with the manner of tapping rubber, for instance. The 
crude tapping practice of the present will have to be replaced 
by more practical methods. As in the case of the cinchona 
plantations, every particle of Caoutchouc contained in the bark 
should be obtained, though the speaker did not indicate defi- 
nitely by what methods such desirable results might be reached 
further than mentioning the removal of sections of bark from 



some species, as is done with oak trees for tanning purposes, or 
by the pulling up of young plants in a system of annual field 
culture. Dr. Warburg mentioned that from Caslitloa elastica 
plants not yet a year old from 6 to 8 per cent, of Caoutchouc 
had been extracted. Sufficient data is lacking, however, to 
establish a satisfactory theory as to whether either of these 
methods would prove practicable, though under Dr. Warburg's 
direction experiments are being made bearing upon these 
points. 

Dr. Warburg made a very interesting statement in regard to 
a new Caoutchouc yielding plant— a species of mistletoe dis- 
covered in Venezuela,* containing in the dried fruit from 12 to 
24 per cent, of a good, easily extracted Caoutchouc. This is 
from a botanical standpoint of great interest, because hitherto 
no fruits containing Caoutchouc in any important quantity have 
been known. It is of agricultural interest as well, since the 
Venezuelan plant may prove susceptible to cultivation, particu- 
larly on plantations which have been abandoned as unprofitable, 
or on shade trees or hedges. The plant is said to fruit abun- 
dantly at the age of one to four years. The speaker had in- 
duced the Kolonial-Wirtschaftliche Komitee to send a spec- 
ialist to Venezuela for studying the mistletoe culture, with a 
view to adapting it to the German colonies. 

The question of the eventual overproduction of rubber was 
next touched on by the speaker, as a matter of practical inter- 
est in connection with engaging in this culture. He quoted 
figures to show that at present some 60,000 hectares [ = 148,260 
acres] were devoted to rubber plantations, of which i6,oco are 
in Ceylon, 15,000 in the Malay States, and 4000 in Mexico. 
Should the yield be only 1000 marks per hectare (at present a 
net profit of twice this sum is calculated on plantations of 
//fz/ifa), within a few years a harvest would be valued at 60,000- 
000 marks [=$14,280,000]. Or if we figure the annual yield per 
hectare at an average of 200 to 250 kilograms of rubber, the 
60,000 hectares would yield 12,000 to 15,000 tons of Caoutchouc, 
equal to about 20 per cent, of the world's total present produc- 
tion. It must be considered, however, that the production of 
wild rubber will decrease rather than increase, especially if 
prices should decline. At the same time, a fall in prices would 
lead to increase in consumption. Therefore, the overproduc- 
tion of Caoutchouc is not to be feared for a long time to come. 



» » » 



The well known director of the Harburg-Vienna company, 
Mr. HofT, gave a discourse which gained special attention be- 
cause, on account of his practical knowledge as a manufacturer, 
he represented the view of the Caotchouc industry. He pointed 
out that the practical applications of rubber dated back only 
about 60 years, to the epoch making discovery of vulcanization 
by the American, Goodyear. In Germany rubber goods have 
been manufactured for 50 years, the Harburg works, founded 
in 1855, being one of the first in Germany. To-day there are 
in the empire 90 rubber goods factories, employing a capital 
of at least 100,000,000 marks [=$23,800,000], and no less than 
30,000 workers. 

Such is the important position held by rubber in the various 
industries that many of them would be practically impossible 
without rubber. The machinery, brewing, chemical, and sugar 
industries employ rubber in many forms — packing, belting, 

* See "Die Kautscliukniisteln",by Dr. Warburg, in Drr Tr^/en/ylaxzer {RerMa), 
November, 1905. Pp. ^yiS-t>-i7. 



82 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



valves, and the like. The railways, in the use of rubber in air 
brakes, have reduced danger in travel to a minimum. The 
electrical industry (insulating tape, insulating tubes, hard rub- 
ber sheets, etc.), and the bicycle and automobile industries 
are indebted to rubber for their development and perfection. 
The surgical use of rubber was also referred to. Mr. HofI 
pointed to these various uses as the cause of the continually 
increasing demand for crude rubber with which the former in- 
crease in production could not keep pace. The objective of all 
interested should be to devise ways and means to further the 
production of raw Caoutchouc in order to meet the world's in- 
creasing wants. Mr. HofI quoted figures to show the increase 
in the consumption and in the production of rubber during the 
past five years, indicating a very material decline in the world's 
visible supply, all of which accounted for the rise in the price 
of crude rubber. 

The speaker then touched on the manner of exploiting the 
raw material in the producing countries, and supported the 
proposition that "the endeavors of all interested should first 
be directed to the creation of laws by which the piratical ex- 
ploitation of Caoutchouc could be checked, and further to ad- 
vance the cultivation of Caoutchouc plantations and to furnish 
the necessary capital therefor." While in the resulting discus- 
sion various opinions were expressed in regard to regulating 
the exploitation of wild rubber, Mr. HofT's position in regard to 
systematic culture in order to keep abreast of the increasing 
demand for raw material was commended, and had much 
weight from the fact that the manufacturers have a thorough 
knowledge of the necessity of assisting in the obtaining of this 
supply. Dr. Soskin comments: " This is as far as I know the 
first open acknowledgment by them of the urgent necessity of 
assisting the cultivation of rubber plantations financially as 
well as by sharing in plantation management." 

Mr. Hoff recommends a police system for the protection of 
the Caoutchouc forests in the German colonies similar to that 
employed by the bureau of forestry. He cited the example 
shown in this respect by the Congo Free State. To defray the 
expenses of protection he recommended a tariff on the export 
of rubber from the German colonies. 

He next referred to the lack of interest shown heretofore in 
Germany in rubber culture, at a time when the endeavors of 
the Americans in Mexico, the Belgians on the Congo, the Eng- 
lish in the Far East, and the Dutch in Java had led to such 
promising results. The hesitancy of German capital in this re- 
spect he said was due to the number of years required for rub- 
ber plantations to become remunerative, and the further fact 
that considerable capital has been invested in other colonial 
undertakings which have not always proved satisfactory. The 
question of delay, however, he did not regard as so serious when 
Hevea Brasiliensis has been found to yield in Ceylon and Ma- 
lacca as early as six years, while Kick.xia in Kamerun and Man- 
ihot in East Africa had given even earlier results. 

Mr. HofI exhibited some specimens of the leading rubbers 
of commerce, which proved very interesting to his audience. 
There was a piece of fine Upriver Para, the most valuable ordi- 
nary sort, worth on that date 12.50 marks per kilo; a piece of 
upper Congo obtained by the careful tapping of trees and vines 
and losing but 5 per cent, in washing, and worth 9 marks per 
kilo; a piece of Djuma obtained by piratical exploitation, con- 
taining much wood, earth, etc., losing about 30 per cent, in 
washing, and worth only 5 marks; and lastly, a piece of Ceylon 
plantation rubber (//(rz/^a), showing how choice a product could 
be obtained by intelligent cultivation. Such rubber suffered a 
loss in washing of only 2 per cent., and was worth say 15 
marks per kilo. 



The speaker urged participation in rubber planting under- 
takings. Hesitation, he said, meant a serious loss to the na- 
tional capital in the colonies, and every ton of rubber obtained 
in their own colonies was a material gain to the empire in en- 
hancing its independence of other countries. He solicited 
earnest support for the Kolonial-VVirtschaftlichen Komitees, 
which has endeavored to further rubber culture in colonial Ger- 
many and is now preparing to send a Caoutchouc and Gutta- 
percha expedition to New Guinea. He touched upon the im- 
portance of granting valid titles to colonial lands for planting 
purposes as a further incentive to capitalists to interest them- 
selves in rubber culture. He regretted that this culture had not 
started in the German colonies 20 years ago, in which event 
rubber prices might not be so high to-day, and certain recent 
failures of rubber factories might have been averted. 

In the ensuing discussion further proofs were offered of 
the profits to be expected from rubber planting. Attacks were 
made, however, on the newly organized Samoa- Kautschuk 
Compagnie, which was accused of giving rise to too high'ex- 
pectations of profits. In the absence of a representative of the 
company. Dr. Warburg arose in its defense. He said it was 
surprising with what energy and intelligence this company had 
begun operations, in securing 400,000 young plants of Hevea 
Jirasiliensis in Wardian cases and 700,000 seeds in various 
packings, for shipment from Ceylon and Malacca to the new 
plantation. 

* * * 

In section I — "Geography, Ethnology, and Natural History" 
— Professor Dr. Volkens gave a " Synopsis of the most Impor- 
tant Caoutchouc Sorts of Commerce, and of the Plants Yield- 
ing Them." Like Mr. HofT he pointed to the ever increasing 
demand for Caoutchouc, with which the production did not 
keep pace. The production in the Amazon states had become 
stationary during the past few years, and in some countries 
a deficit is to be recorded. He mentioned an important Congo 
trading company which during the year had furnished only 
one-half its former exports. He contended that the exploita- 
tion of native rubber forests would not suffice and that only syste- 
matic culture could avert an ultimate rubber famine, following 
which he mentioned the rapid increase in area of rubber plan- 
tations in Ceylon and elsewhere, but proportionately the plant- 
ing to date in the German colonies had been unimportant. 

Dr. Volkens, passing to the individual sorts, discussed the 
Para rubber and the tree yielding it, showing that that tree is 
susceptible of being cultivated over a very much wider area 
than was formerly supposed. Mentioning Ceara rubber {Man- 
ihot) he said 250,000 trees had been planted in German East 
Africa. Castilloa elastica had failed under cultivation in some 
countries, but New Guinea, where 270,000 trees of this species 
are now growing, has shown better results. New Guinea has 
also 250,000 Ficus elastica under cultivation. Similarly the 
speaker referred to the other yielding rubber sorts, concluding 
with a reference to the Guayule rubber of Mexico, which only 
recently has appeared in the European market. The plant 
yielding it, Parthenium argentatum, he said, is of special inter- 
est from the fact that its Caoutchouc contained therein is not 
found in the latex, but in the cellular tissue. 



High Price tor Rubber.— The Times of Malay reports 
that at an auction sale at Singapore on July 26, $4.10 (silver) 
per pound was paid for "Para sheets" from Plang estate, 
owned by Edwin Philips, of Sungei Siput, Perak, Federated 
Malay States. This price was equivalent, at the exchange rate 
then current, to about 6s. ii;4d. [=$1.6834''] in London. The 
rubber was reported to be of good color and free from mold. 



December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER "WORLD 



83 



NEW GOODS AND SPECIALTIES IN RUBBER. 



'3^ 



il 



ill 



II 



I 




"RE-NU" VACUUM PRESERVING JARS. 

GRAY STAUNTON (Evanston, Illinois) has had patented 
an improvement in sealing preserving jars, an applica- 
tion of which is Illustrated in the accompanying draw- 
ing. The invention relates primarily to jars or other 
vessels for hermetically sealing and preserving fruits or other 
foodstuffs, beverages, and so on, and has for its object the 

providing of simple and ell'icient 
means whereby the cover may be 
held on by atmospheric pressure 
and readily released without in- 
juring the cap, so that the vessel 
may be refilled and used an in- 
definite number of times, thus 
adapting the invention for house- 
hold as well as other purposes. 
The illustration relates to a jar 
the upper end of which is formed 
with a flange upon which rests a 
cap so shaped as to form a tight 
connection. Around the edge of 
the cap is a rubber gasket, indi- 
cated in the drawing. The center 
of the cap is formed with a small 
vent, closed by means of a rubber 
valve. In the use of such preserv- 
ing vessel a vacuum or partial vac. 
uum within the same may be cre- 
ated by bringing the contents to a boiling temperature, which 
will cause the outside atmospheric pressure to tightly close 
the rubber valve in the cap ; or the air at the top of the ves- 
sel may be exhausted by means of a simple pump. In tfie 
latter event the invention maybe used for preserving materials 
without cooking or any other employment of heat in connec- 
tion with the canning process. Under the atmospheric press- 
ure, after the vacuum is formed, the flattening of the rubber 
gasket serves more completely to seal the jar. This invention 
is adapted to the use of any other material than glass for jars, 
and the form is not necessarily such as is indicated in the draw- 
ing. The suction pump referred to may be of the simplest con- 
struction, such as may be provided for a few cents. Patents 
have been granted in the United States (No. 793,107), France, 
Belgium, Italy, Spain, Canada, and Japan, and applications are 
pending in other countries. [The Vacuum Appliance Manu- 
facturing Co., Postal Telegraph building, Chicago.] 
AN AUTOMATIC AIR TIGHT COVER. 
There have come into wide use in Great Britain in the bot- 
tling and preserve provision trades air tight covered glass jars 
the sealing of which, with patent tit- 
tings, is accomplished as follows: The 
packages referred to are closed by plac- 
ing an India-rubber ring under a metal 
lid, which is pressed into place and 
held down temporarily by a clip. The 
glass jar, with its contents and lid in 
position, is then boiled, and the expan- 
sion of the contents drives the air out, 
so that when the package is cold again, a vacuum has been 
formed under the lid, which is pressed down by the atmos- 
phere, and thus hermetically sealed, after which the clip is re- 




moved. At least this has been the practice for some time, but 
with a view to doing away with the use of India-rubber the 
Automatic Air Tight Cover, Limited (17, Thavies Inn, Holborn 
circus, London, E. C), controllers of the patent referred to, 
have introduced a new style, figured herewith, in which the 
rubber ring is replaced by a special composition let into the 
rim of the tin cover, the composition and the cover being in 
one piece. This is placed in position on the top of the glass 
jar and the same procedure followed as when the rubber ring 
is in use. The new composition is referred to as containing no 
sulphur or other material likely to act upon the tin, nor does 
it perish, being unaffected by the boiling process. In opening 
the jar all that is necessary is to pierce the lid to destroy 
the vacuum, or to raise it from the side as shown in the illus- 
tration. Some of the largest British provision packing firms, 
including Lipton, Limited, are mentioned as using this system. 
FOSTER PNEUMATIC HEEL CUSHION. 
The article herewith illustrated is designed to be worn inside 
the shoe, under the heel. It is a springy pneumatic device 
which slips readily into place and requires no effort to make it 
remain there. The construction of the rubber is such that it 
gives a maximum amount of resilience and absorbs all the jar 
of walking. It is claimed that this cushion 
not only gives comfort to the wearer, 
but that it improves the fit of the shoe. 





An encouragmj4 sale of this article is reported, and it is sup- 
plied in any size desired in shoes for men and women. It 
is designed to retail at 25 cents per pair. [Foster Rubber 
Co., No. 370 Atlantic avenue, Boston.] 

THE " NO SLIP " HEEL. 
A NEW heel illustrated herewith, the invention of Joseph 
Martin, is referred to as having been designed by a man who 
has attached many rubber heels at the bench, and has thus 
become familiar with the merits and demerits of many brands. 
This is principally a leather heel, 
the rubber part being indicated 
by the lighter shaded section of 
the cut. In form the rubber sec- 
tion suggests the steel plate often 
applied to leather heels to keep 
them in shape, but in size it is 
considerably larger than the ordi- 
nary steel plate. The rubber sec- 
tion is flush with the leather heel, 
and an inner edge of it extends 
within the heel to further assist 
in keeping it in position. The 
rubber is placed where the wear and jar first come. These heels 
are referred to as being much lighter in weight than the ordi- 
nary rubber heel, and their durability is assured by the use of 
good rubber. [National Heel Co., 127 Duane street. New York.] 




84 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 




THE WHITE VULCAN GOLF BALL. 

A NE\v rubber cored golf ball, made under the patents of 

Charles T. Kingzett, is known as the " White Vulcan. ' A 

novel feature is that the cover throughout is made of white 

.^^^^■j^. Guttapercha. Instead of being white only 

Cis^^t^'^^i^'^ii on the surface, as in the case of the paint- 

/-vtl^irf"!-'' J •p''^ ed golf balls, the material in this case is 

v.'-J'"j'j^^Q^^2;<:;^j "all white." The Kingzett balls are made 

^';^;j^'^^^jj^jt^i^i*i by the use of specially devised machinery, 

'i'-V-Xl'j'Xj^i^'' by means of which the rubber used in the 

^■^Xii^'^?^ core is wound under the highest possible 

tension. The ball here illustrated is guaranteed against all 

faults for 54 holes of play. [The Improved Golf Ball Co., 

Locksley street. Limehouse, E., London.] 

BRODERICK'S non-slipping TIRE. 

John K. Broderick (St. Louis) has patented a pneumatic 
tire, one form of which is illustrated herewith. The drawing 
shows in cross section (i) the air chamber, 
with a broad flat tread, with (2) rubber flanges 
extending above the air chamber to fit on 
either side of (3) a rib of the wooden rim, and 
to engage (4) two metal flange rings, the whole 
being held together by (5) bolts passing trans- 
versely through the rim. The novel form of 
tread is designed to prevent side slipping or 
skidding. The illustration relates to a " sin- 
gle tube " tire, but omits a view of the means 
for inflation. In a modification of the tire an 
inner tube is introduced by slitting the air 
chamber longitudinally along the point of 
contact with the rim. The method of attaching the tire ren- 
ders creeping impossible. 

DR. TULLAR'S HOSPITAL SYRINGE. 
This syringe was perfected more especially for physicians 
and hospital use. The Tullar fountain bag, shown in the illus- 
tration, has an openingat the top sufficiently large to insert the 
hands and thoroughly wash and cleanse the inside; in fact, 
the bag may be 
turned insideout 
and scrubbed, 
which is often 
necessary when 
med ications 
have been used. 
The large open- 
ing also facili- 
tates quick and 
easy filling from 
a pitcher or 
other vessel. The 
lower portion 
being pointed 
causes a very 
rapid discharge, 
and also prevents 
any sed i m e 
from collecting 
or remaining In 
the bag. The soft rubber strap handle at top permits its 
suspension from any projection, which adds much to its con- 
venience. The outlet pipe has a full quarter inch bore, in- 
suring a quick fijw. When using the new spiral spray irri- 
gator, 3 quarts of water may be discharged in one minute. 
This new irrigator is easily and comfortably inserted, and owing 




to the peculiar form of spiral ribs, it is self holding, and keeps 
the folds of the vagina dilated, permitting the 30 needle-spray 
jets from the central tube to reach every part of the passage at 
once. Thorough cleansing is quite necessary before examina- 
tions or operations. The peculiar spiral form of the irrigator 
ribs, surrounding the central tube of spirally arranged spray 
jets, causes the fluid to discharge in all directions, which simul- 
taneously comes in contact with the entire dilated surfaces. 
This is of great advantage when applying hot water or medi- 
cated injections. The enema pipes have three outlets arranged 
obliquely which permits of the pipe end being perfectly smooth 
and rounded. [The Seamless Rubber Co., New Haven, Con- 
necticut.] 



INDIA-RUBBER GOODS IN COMMERCE. 

EXPORTS FROM THE UNITED STATES. 

OFFICIAL statement of values of exports of manufactures 
of India-rubber and Gutta-percha, for the month of Sep- 
tember, 1905, and for the first nine months of five calendar 
years : 



Months. 


Belting. 
P.-xcking, 
and Hose. 


Boots 

and 

Shoes. 


All 
other 
Rubber. 


Total. 


September, 1905 

January-August. . . - 


$100,505 
755.988 


$174,083 
770,411 

$944,494 
844,802 
628,592 

718,759 
567.307 


$ 2II,4S5 
1.915.845 


$ 486,043 
3,442,244 


Total 


$856,493 
647.245 
633,744 
513.636 
447-653 


$2,127,300 
1,779,256 
1. 5=55,756 
1,467,000 
1.321,115 


$3,928,287 
3,271-303 
3,118,092 

2,699.395 
2 336.165 


Total, 1904 

Total, 1903 

Total, ig02 

Total. IQOt 



THE NEW MEXICAN TARIFF LAW. 

Following the new monetary law of Mexico, effective since 
May I last, by which the gold standard was adopted, fixing as 
the unit the peso, equivalent to 49.8 cents United States cur- 
rency, and the resulting lower and more steady rate of foreign 
exchange, a new customs tariff schedule was promulgated, and 
this took effect September i, 1905. The following items com- 
prise the references to rubber manufactures in the new sched- 
ule, the rate being specified (1) in pesos per kilogram (legal 
weight) and (2) the equivalent in United States gold per 100 
pounds, the latter figures being supplied by The India Rubber 
World : 

Classification. 

Rubber belting [on gross weigh'] $0 n 

Rubber hose 

Packing of all kinds 

Rubber footwear I.co 

Rubber sheets, with or wiihout cl ih 

Dental rubber 3 00 

Rubber erasers 

Gutta percha [evidently including rubber] and 
celluloid articles, not specially mentioned . . . 

Elastic -veb/iii!:^ : 

Cotton — over 4 centimeters wide 

Cotton — not over 4 centimeteis. ... 

Wool — over 4 centimeters wiilc 

Wool — not over 4 centimeters 

Silk — over 4 centimeters wide 

Silk — not over 4 centimeters 

By " legal weight " is meant the weight of the goods together 
with that of their interior packings — wrappers or the like — 
being enclosed in the outer packing case in which imported. 
No account is taken of the weight of the outer packing case 
where such is used. The former provision relating to a free 
zone 20 kilometers wide along the northern boundary of Mex- 
ico, in which imports were subject to only lo per cent, of the 
regular duties so long as they remained within the zone, has 
been abolished. 



Mexican 


United States 


Per Kilo. 


Per 100 Lbs. 


$0 n 


$2.49 


.12 


2.71 


.04 


.90 


I. CO 


22.59 


.10 


2 26 


3 00 


67.77 


.50 


11-30 


■AS 


10.17 


.66 


14.91 


1. 00 


22 59 


.qo 


20.33 


I 60 


36.14 


1,50 


3389 


3 50 


7907 



December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER V/ORLD 



85 



RECENT RUBBER PATENTS. 



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 
Issued Sei'Ikmiier 26, 1905. 

NO. 800,136. Lawn sprinkler. [Sprinkler head.] 1). lirown, Long 
Beach, Calif. 

800,231. Unloading, storing, and reclaiming apparatus [involving ihe 
use of conveyor belts], L, Moss, New York city, assignor to Rob- 
ins Conveying licit Co. 

800,237. Infant's band or shirt. C. E. Ovenshire, Minneapolis, Minn. 

800,239. Horseshoe [with elastic spring bar]. G. 15. Paul, Clinton, 
Mo. 

800,25.1. Fountain sponge. G. H. Willis, assignor to The N Tire 
Co., both of Chicago. 

800,269. Tool for removing and replacing cushion tires. T. P. Cor- 
boy, Columbus, Ohio. 

800, 2gi. Brush [for shaving ; with bristles set in rubber handle]. F. 
Graul, assignor to Rubber and Celluloid Harness Co., both of New- 
ark, N J. 

803,292. Pneumatic carpet renovator. C. Gunderson, Milwaukee, 
Wis. 

800.307. Vehicle tire. A. de Laski and P, I), Thropp, Trenton, 
N.J. 

800.308. Vehicle tire. A. de Laski, P. D. Thropp, and H. Deck, 
Trenton, N, J. 

800.357. Vehicle tire. F. Burnham, Fresno, Calif. 

800,366. Vehicle tire. C. W. Faitoutc, -Summit, N. J. 

803.420. Toy. J. D. Washington, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

800,467. Elastic bandage. H. Myers, Philadelphia. 

Soo,6[8. Infant's band or shirt. C. E. Ovenshire, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Issued Qctohi^r 3, 1905. 
800,634. Rubber horseshoe. W. Downs, Toronto. Canada. 
800,640, Elastic tire for vehicle wheels. II. Gilardoni and II. Le 

Riche, Paris, France. 
800,784. Cushioned tire. E. C. Bailey, Cromwell, Conn. 
800,809. Pneumatic tire guard. T. H, Landky, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 
800,835, V'ehicle wheel [with rim comprising a tire locking device]. 

F. A. Seiberling, Akron, Ohio. 





800.835. ovO,Gl4. 

800,864. Tire armor. J. C. Moore, New York city. 

800,883. Damper cord, weather strip, and door cushion. D.Schuyler, 

Bridgeport, Conn., assignor to The Perfect Sliding Door Co. , Los 

Angeles, Calif. 
8oi,oig. Fountain syringe [with means of attachment to a stationary 

faucet], C. H. Kintner, New York city. 
801,080. Pen attachment. E. F. Hicks and E. E. Hicks, Whitehall, 

111. 
801,083. Vehicle wheel [with resilient tire], J. K. Holtmann. St. 

Louis. 
801,115. Antislipping device for tires. W. J. Smith, Canastota, 

N. Y. 
801,145. Toy ball, J. F. E. Feltner, Leadville, Colo. 
801,150. Pneumatic tire. I. A. Murphy and W.S. Manning, Holyoke, 

assignor to Manning Mfg. Co., Springfield, Mass. 

Issued October 10, 1905, 

801.209. Pneumatic tire valve. L, K. Buck, P'reehold, N. J. 

801.210. Hose nozzle. W. Burnett, Cambridge, assignor of one half 
to W. K, Mason, Brookline, Mass. 

801,228. Hose or pipe coupling. H. DufTin, Auckland, New Zea- 
land. 

801,263. Wheel [with rubber tire] for roller skates. B. S, Peard, 
New York city. 



801,273. Packing ring. S, Schultz, assignor of one-half to C. Bank, 

both of Schenectady, N. Y. 
801,359. Pneumatic tire. H. W. C. B. Cave, London, England. 
801,460. Insect destroyer [having .-» flexible tube and discharge nozzle]. 

F. Koechel, New Yoik city. 
801,556, Truss, J, K. Stockton, New York city. 
801,610. Method of manufacturing golf balls. E. F. Ross, Newark, 

N. J., assignor to The I'crfect Golf Ball Co., New York city. 
8ot,632. V'ehicle wheel [with solid rubber tire]. T. Appleton, New 

York city. 
801,720. Inllation valve. J. E. Keller, Jr.. Litchfield, Conn. 
801,813. Art of making playing balls. F. H. Richards, Hartford, 

Conn. 

Trade Marks. 

5,9:1. Rubber boots, Goodyear Rubber Co., New York. Essoitial 
ftaliire. — The representation of a man and the stern portion of a 
boat. The man is shown as wearing hip boots and a fisherman's 
hat and as pushing the boat from the shoie into the water. Upon 
the stern of the boat are the words LONG SHORE. Projecting 
from the boat is an oar. In the background are clouds and birds, 
and upon the horizon appears a sailboat. The whole is inclosed in 
a circular border, and associated with said representation are the 
words LONG SHORE. 

12.235. Waterproofed textile belting. The National Belting Co., 
Lawrence, Mass, Essential feature. — The word TEXTOL. 

Issued October 17, 1905. 

802,005. Metallic tread for resilient tires. W. C. Lyon, Hyattsvillr, 

Md. 
802,339, Inhaler. A. de Trey, Philadelphia. 

Trade Marks. 

6.378, Rubber boots and shoes. Lambertville Rubber Co., Lamberl- 
ville, N. J. Essential feature. — The word SNAG 

6.379. Rubber boots and shoes. Same. Essential feature. — The 
word SNAGS. 

7,473. Elastic pads and cushions for the bottoms of boots and shoes. 

Tredair Rubber Co , Boston. Essential feature. — The word 

TREDAIR. 
7,713. Rubber boots and shoes. Lambertville Rubber Co., Lambert. 

ville, N. J. Eseential feature. — The hyphenated word COCK OF- 

THEWALK, associated with the representation of a strutting 

rooster. 

Issued 0ctoi!ER 24, 1905. 

802.389. Tire. [Steel band, with resilient cover of rubber and canvas] 
E. Gregg and T. H. Hirst, Birmingham, assignors to W. K. 
D'Arcy, Stanmore, England. 

802,462. Hose coupling. C. W, Martin, Dunkirk, N. Y., assignor to 
Martin Car Heating Co., Chicago. 

802. 4S4. Moistening device [for envelope Haps and the like]. J. 
Speir, Harrogate, England. 

802,564. Spraying apparatus. W. G. Hall, Burdett, N. Y. 

802 600. Tire. [Pneumatic, with special tread.] D. R. and O. D. 
Salisbury, Owosso, Mich. 

802.643. Vehicle wheel [with segmental rubber tire]. C. E. Huxley, 
Chicago. 

802, 66S. Fountain pen. II. Taylor, Waterville, N. Y., assignor to 
Aikin, Lambert &Co.. New York city. 

802,703. Tire fastener. [For detachable pneumatic tires.] T. Midg- 
ley, Columbus, Ohio. 

802,711. Rubber dam sheeting. {^Claim. — As a new article of manu- 
facture a composition for the manufacture of scented rubber goods 
consisting of pure rubber, solid perfumes of uniform chemical con- 
stitution tinely distributed throughout the entire mass and sulphur 
from the process of vulcanization and adapted to be rolled out into 
thin sheetings.] W. F. A. Schrader, Brooklyn, assignor to Traun 
Rubber Co., College Point, N. Y. 

802,735. Pneumatic tire protector. [Serrated metallic sheathing ] 
P. O. Casavant, Point St. Charles, Canada. 

802,746. Elastic tire. A. A. Gilles, Nogent sur-Marne, France. 

S02,8ob. Wheel tire. [Inflatable and non collapsible.] H, G Fiske, 
assignor by mesne assignments to Morton Trust Co , ti usiee, both 
of New York city. 

802,853. Hose coupling. H. Garner and S. T. Davis, Media, Pa. 

302,902. Elastic tire ["consisting of ground factice more or less 
closely pressed and inclosed in a hose or hose like covering of In- 
dia-rubber, leather, woven fabric or similar material"]. W. Alex- 
ander, Charlottenburg, and L. Posnansky, Berlin, Germany. 



86 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



802,905. Tire inflating' means [actuated by the motion of the vehicle]. 
G. A. Bobrick, Los Angeles. Cal. 

Trade Mark. 

g,990. Fountain pens. L. E. Waterman Cc, New York city. Es- 
sential ftaturt. — The representation of a globe and a fountain pen, 
in which the pen is shown as passing through the globe. 



GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. 

Patent Speciitcations Published. 

The number given is that assigned to the Patent at the filing of the Applica- 
tion, which ill the case of tliose listed below was in iyo.j. 

• Denotes Patents for American Inventions. 

[Abstractkd in the Official Journal, October 4, 1905.] 

13,052 (1904). Horseshoe pad. J. Bamber, Clayton, Manchester. 

13,091 (1904). Elastic tire [having a metallic layer with a projecting 

head fixed on a grooved metal rim by a ring]. W. Struck, Kriede- 

nau, near Berlin. 
13,118(1904). Machine for making golf balls by winding rubber cord 

or tape upon the cores of said balls. J. P. Cochrane, Edinburgh, 

and J. Jackson, Dundee. 
13,198 (1904). Hose reel. A. \V. Clayden, Exeter. 
13,298(1904). Pneumatic tire. [For preventing puncture an endless 

strip of compressed leather is inserted between the air tube and outer 

cover.] M. G. Plane and G. Phillips, Colchester. 

* 13,411 (1904). Mouth piece of hard rubber for tobacco pipes. C. 

Elkin, Jersey City, New Jersey. 
13,445(1904). Tobacco pouch. A. Frankau & Co. and H. I. Liver- 
more, London. 

* 13,446 ( 1904). Machine for cementing soles to shoes with rubber. 

G. L. Rollins, Bridgewater, Massachusetts. 

13,493 (1904). Pneumatic tire. [Concave sheet steel series arranged 
to overlap the length of rubber and clamped in position, the whole 
being then covered with canvas and placed between the air tube and 
outer cover], F. Peace, North Woodseats, near Sheffield. 

13,558 (1904). Heel pad for boots. H. T. Wikins and G. Denton, 
London. 

[AiSTitACTBD IN THE Official Journal, OcTOiiER 11,1905.] 

13,660 (1904). Pneumatic tire and means for attaching same to wheel 

rims. C. W, Pradeau, Shephers Bush, London. 
13,646 (1904). Pneumatic tire protector [formed of an old outer cover 

with the beading cut off and secured to the rim by straps or buckles]. 

F, D. Lyon. Hove, and G. W. Brown, Brington, both in Sussex. 
13)687 (1904). Syringe [for the cure of diseases in animals]. A. 

Hepnar, Kassel, Germany. 
13,783 (1904). Pneumatic tire [constructed in segments which may be 

inflated]. A. Hasperg, Baden-Baden, Germany. 
13,784. Pneumatic tire. [To prevent bursting the outer cover is 

formed with a groove at each side in which engages the claw-like 

edge of the rim.] Same. 
13,799 (1904). Pneumatic tire. [Outer cover formed with hard cores 

and beaded edges fitting into recesses in the sides to prevent creep- 
ing.] W. A. Sanky, Sutton, Surrey. 
13,854(1904). Rim for pneumatic tires. [Fitted with detachable side 

flanges to facilitate attachment.] M. Korth, Koln Raderberg, 

Germany. 
13,861 (1904). Artificial limbs [constructed with a sheath and pneu- 
matic pad for the reception of the stump]. S. Rosenfelder, Niirn- 

berg, Germany. 
13,910 (1904). Elastic tire. R. Stone, Wellington, Shropshire. 
13,929 (1904). Golf balls [with core molded from a composition formed 

by mixing solutions of India-rubber and Gutta percha in naphtha ; 

the core is covered with (jutta-percha]. R.Hodgkinsons, Victoria, 

Australia. 
13.935 (1904). Tire pump. D. Rowe and J, Stobert, Wanganui, 

New Zealand. 
•13,948(1904). Elastic tire [and means for attaching same to rims ; 

being what is called in the United States the " Hartford Perfected 

Dunlop" tire.) T. Midgley, Columbus, Ohio. 
13,964(1904). Pneumatic tire. [Slipping prevented by placing on the 

tread a series of metal shoes adapted to receive wooden blocks. J L. 

S. Dyer, Craven Arms, Shropshire. 
14,024 (1904). Waterproof coats [with tubular collar through which 

passes a drawstring to facilitate putting on and a close fit]. A. Dun- 
hill. London. 
14,041(1904). Gardening syringe. A. H. Gale, London. 



14,097(1904). .Sole and heel for boots. H. Markus, Manchester, and 
Barnwell Machine Co., Droylsden Rubber Works. 

f Abstracted in imi-; Official Journal, October iS, 1905 ] 

14.251 (1904). Pneumatic tire protector [of leather, embracing all that 
part of the tire uncovered by the rim]. R. M. Meyer, London. 

14.259 (1904). Elastic tire [composed of metal springs fitting one in- 
side the other]. J. Barker, Oldham, Lancashire. 

14,284 (1904). Sole and heel protector. II. J. Burb, and J. H. Cox, 
Greenock, Renfrewshire. 

14,298 (1904). Elastic tire [formed of cork molded to the form of the 
rim, to be used with or without a cover of rubber]. H. E. Hayncs, 
Hove, Sussex. 

•14.429 (1904). Wheel formed of two discs with flanged edges to sup- 
port the tire. G. \V. .Sanford, Thomaston, Connecticut. 

14,459 (1904). Tire repairer. [In repairing inner tubes the patch is 
held in position by a metal clasp.] V. B. Cashin, London. 

14,477 (i904)' Appliance to aid in walking and running ; the joints 
formed of armored rubber tubes, coated with Para rubber. C. V. 
Czerinejewo, Bromberg. West Prussia. 

14,627 (1904). Trouser clips, consisting in part of elastic bands. H. 
Grafe, and P. Kaiser. Weimar, Germany. 

* 14,644 (1904). Respirator [for firemen and miners]. A. A, Sherman 
and C. E. Chapin, Berkeley, California. 

14,664 (1904). Elastic tire [formed with a number of isolated cham- 
bers]. A. Ducasble, Neuilly (Seine), France. 

14,703(1904). Sole and heel protector. [Tips for soles and heels of 
boots consist of different shaped pieces of leather, each having a 
correspondingly shaped undercut recess adapted to receive a flanged 
rubber pad] W. Jayne, Knowie, Bristol. 

14,740 (1904). Pneumatic tire. [To prevent puncture or slide slipping, 
armored bands are secured to tires by lashes or ties of Batata, 
leather, canvas, etc J W. P. Thompson, London. 

14,760(1904). Pneumatic tire. [Slipping and puncture prevented by 
constructing a tread with blocks of highly compressed canvas and 
rubber.] L- Johnstone, Prestwich, Lancashire. 

THE FRENCH REPUBLIC. 

Patents Issued (With Dates of Application). 

353,681 (April 25, 1905). Societe anonyme des Etablijsements Fal- 

connet. Tire. 
353.655 (April 22). M. Berthe. Rubber stamp. 
353>887 (May 2). Societe fran9aise du Caoutchouc artificial " Elas- 

tophor". Elastic tire. 
353.911 (May 3). Societe Michelin & Cie. Metallic rivet or button 

with hard metal cap, for the outer covering of tires and for anti 

skidding bands. 
353>9I2 (May 3). Sociele Michelin & Cie. Rivet consisting of a 

tempered steel head, and shank of untempered steel or iron, made 

of one piece with the head, for the outer covering of tires and for 

anti skidding bands. 
353.756 (April 28). Societe Generale de procedes d'extraction du Caout- 
chouc. Machine for barking roots and liaiies. 
353,754 (.'\pril 28). A. Berguerand. New method of putting rubber 

tips on shoes. 
353)790 (April 28). G. Aranyi. Pneumatic pad for trusses. 
353,892 (May 3). Dupont. Band of spongy and elastic tissue, either 

rubber covered or impervious on one of its surfaces. 
353.993 (May 5). McConechy. Pneumatic tire. 
354,049 (May 6). F. & P. de Coninck. Elastic tire. 
354,051 (May 6). G. A. Strom. Compound pneumatic tire. 
354,116 (May 8). M. Quidet and E. Noe. Elastic tired wheel. 
354.175 (May 10). L. M. Robertson. Elastic tired wheel. 
353)995 (May 5). W. H. Story. Process for the manufacture of a 

celluloid substitute from horn, ebonite, and the like. 
354,242 (May 12). C. Rossel. Cover for elastic tires. 
354,262 (May 13). J. Tennant. Pneumatic tire, 
354.-77 (May 13), L. Johnstone. Elastic tire. 
354.363 (April 17). J. Imbert. Rubber tired wheel. 
554,374 (May 13). C. Nielsen. Valve for peumatic tires. 
354.384 (May 17). E. L. A. Olivier. Pneumatic tire. 
354.410 (May 19). r. Thevenot. Vehicle tire. 

[Note.— Printed copies of specitications of French patents may be obtained 
from R. Bobet. Ingenieur-Counseil, 16 avenue de Villicrs, Paris, at 50 cents each, 
postpaid.) 



December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER W^ORLO 



87 



TENDERS FOR AIR BRAKE HOSE IN GERMANY.* 



THE saying that small things often produce great results 
has long since proved true, and small things should 
therefore always have our careful attention. But in 
cases where, for instance, the safety of the traveling 
public is concerned, we undoubtedly have the right to demand 
that the most minute attention be given even the smallest ob- 
ject capable of preventing danger. A brake hose may be said 
to be a rather unimportant article in itself, yet much may de- 
pend on it at critical moments. Should some critic, however, 
conceive the idea of testing some of the air hose in use at the 
present time, in respect to its component parts, and especially 
as to the percentage of good rubber found therein, he might 
easily make the sensational discovery that he had been testing 
a piece of rubber hose in the composition of which the most 
important part, viz. : the India-rubber, had been almost entirely 
omitted. This assertion may appear somewhat bold, in (act, 
almost unworthy of belief, and yet it is justified. It is an actual 
fact that railway brake hose can be found that can scarcely be 
called rubber hose. 

The manufacturers, however, are not at fault, nor can the 
railway officials be made responsible, these deplorable results 
being due to the justly criticized system of calling for bids or 
tenders. A study of the results of this system establishes the 
surprising fact that the prices quoted show a continuous de- 
cline rather than increase, in spite of the repeated advances in 
the price of crude rubber. Those who desire to be successful 
in submitting tenders for brake hose must at the present time 
make their ofler as low as 3.50 to 400 marks per cubic deci- 
meter. These are exceedingly low quotations, at which sellers 
do not like to furnish even the cheapest grade of garden hose. 
Figuring the average specific gravity at 1.6 to 1.7, which cor- 
responds to that of most of the brake hose in the market, the 
price per kilogram would be 2 to 2 50 marks [=215 to 27 cents 
per pound], while a medium grade of crude rubber, but by no 
means the highest grade, must be paid for by the manufacturer 
himself at the rate of 12 marks per kilogram [=$1.30 per 
pound]. Even those not connected with the rubber industry 
may therefore readily judge of the quantity of such rubber that 
it is possible to use in brake hose to be sold at 2 to 2.50 marks. 
Such hose really deserves the name of rubber only because parts 
of old rubber shoes or similar substances are largely used in its 
manufacture. 

The advance in the price of crude rubber has kept pace with 
the methods of utilization of waste material, which allows of a 
saving in crude rubber in the manufacture of certain classes of 
goods, or even of replacing it almost entirely. Under certain 
conditions this is not in the least detrimental to the interests 
of the consumer, for a material of this kind, provided it be of 
fair quality, is well adapted to take the place of new crude rub- 
ber, within certain limits. The manufacturers will always try, 
and are in fact, compelled to try to utilize advantageously waste 
material. Those who commence adding small quantities, will 
gradually increase the percentage, as long as they find that good 
results are obtained, until they at last reach a limit which com- 
pels them to halt. 

Such a proceeding is entirely correct, but it requires a thor- 
ough knowledge of manufacturing as well as extensive experi- 
ence, and above all great circumspection and discretion. All 
those products that may appear quite satisfactory at first, and 

* Translated from Qwiimi Zeitung, Dresd'n, Jahrg. XX (1905) Pp. 73-74. 



seem to answer practical requirements, may not prove success- 
ful afterwards. They will often, after a short time, become like 
putty, losing their elasticity and no longer possessing any of 
the essential qualities of rubber. Such goods will soon become 
useless. In such cases it is necessary to make practical exper- 
iments and to await results, before offering novelties of this 
kind to the trade. 

The question is, whether all manufacturers use such cir- 
cumspection, though it appears self evident that they should 
do so, or whether there are some among them who impetu- 
ously and thoughtlessly refrain from making tests of any kind. 
No one will assert that none of the latter class are to be found 
in the rubber industry, and there are, perhaps, more of them 
than appears desirable for the interest of the trade. We have 
often enough had occasion to wonder at fabulously low quota- 
tions, but they quite often find their explanation in the serious 
disappointments following the use of such low priced products. 
The practical man in the trade asks himself in astonishment 
how it was possible to even offer such goods, when even the 
most superficial practical tests would have shown the deficiency 
of the material. Investigation usually shows that such tests 
have undoubtedly not been made at all, but that the goods have 
been cheaply manufactured in a haphazard way, leaving it to 
the customer to dispose of them as well as he can. We do not, 
however, wish to assert that such cases, in which the goods 
have been made in a careless way, always end in disappoint- 
ment. They quite often turn out comparatively well, and this 
is, in fact, the most serious side of the question, as it encour- 
ages this class of manufacturers. What do they care, whether 
they sustain a loss once in a while? There are always oppor- 
tunities enough for making up for them. 

As long as such disappointments, carelessly invited by the 
manufacturers, lead merely to the loss of custom and to such 
considerable or slight sacrifices by the consumer as may be 
measured in money, the matter is not so very serious. In such 
cases all parties concerned would have to stand the loss, which 
is usually not entirely undeserved. But when such experiments 
with carelessly manufactured, cheap goods are extended to sup- 
plies furnished the railways, the matter becomes very serious 
indeed. It is a fact that the system of tenders makes it very 
easily possible for railways to be supplied with unsufficiently 
tested manufactured goods, and this should be prevented, at 
least where such articles are involved as may afltect the safety 
of the service. In such cases the railway should never be made 
a subject for experiments, and least of all in the matter of such 
supplies as brake hose, for which there is certainly no necessity 
of continually inviting new competition, on account of the ques- 
tion of price, and thereby to lower the quality of the goods. 

The operation of railways offers exceptionally serious difficul- 
ties for establishing such reliable testing methods as will admit 
of forming a judgment of the qualities of the supplies when in 
practical use. Manufacturers are therefore usually satisfied with 
making such goods as appear to be about suitable for the pur- 
pose. The railways are consequently used from year to year as 
testing stations, and this is quite a serious matter. For a well 
appointed, well patronized D train [fast express], the price of 
the brake hose is such a small matter that its greater or lesser 
cost may be left out of consideration. All will agree that the 
highest possible quality of hose should be selected, as it is one 
of the factors on which the safety of the entire train depends. 



88 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



Is it justifiable, therefore, to use brake hose at about 3 marks 
[ = 71^ cents] a piece, representing about the lowest quality 
made, when there is an opportunity for obtaining hose of vastly 
more reliable and durable quality ? Should a diflference in price 
amounting to a few marks even be taken into consideration, 
where brake hose is concerned, in view of the purpose for which 
it is to serve? Certainly not ! The bursting of a brake hose of 
insufficient quality may, at a dangerous moment, do enormous 
damage. 

The question may be asked how it became possible to reach 
such conditions as these. It would appear that the manage- 
ment of the railway which would allow them to exist would be 
guilty of a very serious neglect of its duties. Still, their exis- 
tence remains a fact, and though they certainly do not apply to 
all cases, the above remarks are applicable to some. Purchases 
are made by various methods, but usually by the system of 
tenders, and wherever this is done, the purchases wiM be deter- 
mined by the cheapness of the goods. It is true that there are 
certain fixed provisions for the quality of the supplies, includ- 
ing the brake hose, and the samples are subjected to certain 
tests, but all of this does not prevent preference being given to 
low priced and low grade goods, to the detriment of more ex- 
pensive supplies of higher quality, as long as the former have 
stood the test. 

It is, of course, possible to apply the system of tenders in 
various ways, and we do not desire to assert that the lowest 
prices always obtain, but the mere possibility of such cases, in 
which the preference is given to the cheapest goods, even where 
such articles as brake hose are concerned, oflfers a sufficient 
ground for the condemnation of the system, as applied thereto. 

Whenever, as is often done, the regulations provide for test- 
ing the cheapest goods first, and then proceeding with the 
higher grades, until an article has been found that will stand 
the test, the good medium and highest grades are as a rule 
practically totally excluded from the competition. Such a 
method of testing offers many advantages, but it may at 
the same time have serious disadvantages. Especially where 
such an article as rubber is concerned, it quite often happens 
that cheap goods will stand the test quite well, though they 
will not prove sufficiently durable in practical use. Cheap 
grades, especially such as are being placed on the market at the 
present time, often disintegrate more rapidly than the better 
grades, and this is a serious objection. Brake hose should last 
one year at least,* and the manufacturer must warrant his 
product for such a period, the requirements for practical service 
being formulated on this basis. For goods manufactured from 
sound, new rubber, such durability is not in the least unusual. 
When, however, senseless competition is allowed to continually 
drive prices down, and when waste material becomes the prin- 
cipal ingredient of the goods, conditions must arise which must 
be very seriously considered. We are undoubtedly at the pres- 
ent time approaching such conditions, and may very probably 
have already reached them. 

We do not mean to deny that the hose is still able to serve 
its purpose, notwithstanding their extreme cheapness. Is there 
any necessity, however, of manufacturing brake hose, an article 
that may be of the highest importance, from all kinds of infe- 
rior substitutes, in the cheapest possible manner, while the use 
to which such hose is put, theoretically indicates the use of the 
best and most durable rubber material.' Most certainly not 
for it surely seems ridiculous to try to efTect a saving of a few 
pennies on brake hose, and thereby enormously increase the 
dangers of the traveling public. 

• In the United States manufacturers are required to guarantee railway air brake 
hose for two years. — Thk India Rubbbr World. 



We need not state that our railway authorities have no in- 
tention of creating such conditions. They are merely the vic- 
tims of the system of competitive bidding, and no individual 
parties can be held responsible therefor. It is, however, the 
duty of the interested parties furnishing the supplies, to submit 
a presentation of the facts to the railway authorities, as soon as 
they notice the appearance and growth of serious drawbacks 
relating to the values and use of their products. A general 
condemnation of the system of competition bidding is useless, 
for no one would listen to it. But as soon as individual in- 
stances are specialized and the detriment proven in each case, 
there is no doubt that the railway authorities will agree to a 
practical investigation of the matter. If the unpopular system 
of tenders, when applied to railways and to rubber goods, is to 
be successfully attacked, the question of the supply of brake 
hose would certainly aflford the best article for contention. 

The objection that not many accidents caused by the burst- 
ing of brake hose have as yet been heard of, cannot serve as an 
excuse for present unfavorable conditions. Such accidents have 
already occurred, and they will still be within the range of pos- 
sibilities, even though the highest grade of rubber hose were 
used, but the chances of their occurring are undoubtedly much 
greater when they are made from poor material than when thev 
are of good quality, and this ought to suflSce for the definite 
and lasting rejection of all inferior products. Unimportant as 
this matter certainly is for the railways, as far as the cost is 
concerned, it would not even involve a financial sacrifice, for 
the higher cost of high grade hose would be made up by its 
greater durability. We must, moreover, take into considera- 
tion, that with the much cheaper products of the last few years, 
the limit of the decline in quality has not yet been reached. 
The manufacturer will continue his efforts to cheapen his prod- 
ucts still more, and as other means appear scarcely possible 
from a technical standpoint, the cheapening will have to be 
brought about by lowering the quality of the goods. 

But how can an effective change be accomplished ? The rail- 
ways must, after all, purchase such goods as the manufacturers 
recommend as being of good quality, and such as the test ap- 
parently proves to be suitable ! That is true, and this fact pre- 
sents many difficulties, which we cannot fail to acknowledge. 
All desire to participate in the furnishing of supplies, and only 
a few receive the orders. This situation must first of all be 
changed. The only effective way would be for all manufactur- 
ers to furnish the supplies in equitable shares, and to manufac- 
ture the most practical railway supplies, in accordance with a 
definite plan, to be jointly agreed to. This need not refer to 
brake hose alone, but could be extended to all other kinds of 
rubber goods. 

It would not prove difficult to come to an agreement regard- 
ing the best mode of manufacture, on the basis of conferences 
to be held forthe practical discussion of the subject. It would 
become the duty of each manufacturer to be responsible for the 
appropriate manufacture of the part of the order assigned him, 
on the basis of precise directions, which could be readily sup- 
plied. If every one, from the workman up, who consciously 
aids in producing an inferior article, were to be subject to a 
fine, fraud could be efficiently prevented. After all, it may be 
assumed that all manufacturers would try to act honestly. The 
matter is well worthy of consideration, and speakers in favor 
of it may possibly appear. 

An advertisement now displayed in the street cars in New 
York is unquestionably of Hibernian origin. In the first place, 
it warrants every pair of dress shields perfect, and then offers 
to refund the money for those that are not perfect. 



December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



89 



CONDITIONS AND EXTENT OF CEYLON RUBBER PLANTING. 



Two facts of importance in connection with the planting 
of rubber now in progress in Ceylon— and similar con- 
ditions are obtaining in the Malay States — are (i) the 
wide distribution ot the work, involving the interest of 
very many people, and (2) the systematic manner in which the 
new culture has been undertaken. It is to be noted, by the 
way, that all planting of the more important products in those 
countries is conducted on a comparatively large scale — gener- 
ally by companies (often owned in England), whose estates are 
placed in the hands of salaried managers of experience and 
proved capacity. 

The account keeping of these estates is required to be as 



carefully done as in a mercantile house or the office of a rail- 
way manager ; with directors and shareholders to be satisfied, 
in the matter of returns, the estate manager must study every 
possible economy, while the best possible product must be ob- 
tained in order that good prices may be realized. Under such 
conditions is produced, for example, the Ceylon tea of com- 
merce. Of course there are many privately owned plantations, 
but their methods do not vary, practically, from those on estates 
owned by companies. Not the least important consideration 
is the exchange of views and results, through the medium of 
the well sustained planters' associations, by which means what- 
ever progress is made on one plantation results in the common 



ESTATES WITH PLANTED RUBBER, IN KALUTARA DISTRICT, CEYLON. 



ESTATES. 



Ambetenne 

Arapolakanda 

Bogahagodawatia 

Clontari 

Clyde 

Culloden 

Eagle's Land 

Elladuwa 

Ellekanda 

Frocester 

Gikiyanakanda 

Glanrbos 

Glendon 

Ilalwatura 

Heatherley 

Kaluganga 

Lliskillan 

Mahagoda 

Malaboda 

Middelleiia 

Millewa 

Miriswatta 

Meegama 

Neboda Group 

Neuchatel 

Padukka 

Pallagodda (including St. Coluinb 

Pantiya 

Perth (including Maputugalle) 

Polgahakanda 

I'utupaula (including Crurie) 

Rayigam 

Rogart (including Llangsland) 

Sirikandura 

St. George's Group 

Talagalla and Knutsford 

Tempo 

Tudugalla Group 
Vogan and Iddagodde 

Yatadola 



Killc) 



Proprietors. 



Cooper, Cooper & Jolinson, Ltd. 
Eastern Produce & Estates Co., Ltd. 
A. Sirimane 

General Ceylon Tea Estates Co., Ltd. 
Clyde Tea Es'.ates Co., Ltd. 
Rosehaugh Tea Co., Ltd. 

General Ceylon Tea Estates Co., Ltd. 

Diinbula Valley Tea Co., Ltd. 

Rosehaugii Tea Co., Ltd. 

J. E. H. Graham Clarke 

Lord Elphinstone 

General Ceylon Tea Estates, Ltd. 

Heirs of R. Booth 

Anglo American Direct Tea Trading 

Co. 
Rosehaugh Tea Co. 

Clyde Tea Estates Co., Ltd. 

Clyde Tea Estates Co , Ltd. 

r. O. Van Rooyen 

Lanka Rubber Co., Ltd. 

Government of Ceylon 

H. J. Pieris, J. P. 

H. Don Carolis and L. F. Fernando 

Rosehaugh Tea Co., Ltd. 

Neboda Tea Co. of Ceylon, I^td. 

C. C. Mee 



Rubber Plantations of Kalutara, 
Kalutara Co., Ltd. 



Ltd. 



r. n. Strachan 

Ceylon Tea and Cocoanut Estates Co. , 

Ltd. 
L. C. S. Marshall 
Putupaula Tea Estates Co., Ltd. 
Rayigam Co., Ltd. 

Heirs of R. Booth 

Mrs. Jercmias Dias 

H. V. Bagot, R. \V. Harrison 

The Consolidated Estates Co., Ltd. 

F. G. McGuire and J. E. H. Graham 

Clarke 
J. H. Starey 
Vogan Tea Co., Ltd. 

Kalutara Rubber Co 



Resident Managers. 



C. Henly 

it. V. Bagot 

J. A. Sirimane 

K. A. Burne & Cond'r. 

G. G. Massy 

R. VV. Harrison 

A. C. Corbetta 

J. P. Dove 

A. Bawa 

R. Gamier & Conductor 

J. E. H. Graham Clarke 

A. G. Glenie 

J. P. Dove & Cond'r. 

R. J. Booth 

F. J. Wright 
f. I. Hall 

R. W. Harrison 
C. O. Macadam 

G. G. Massy 
A. Wood 

G. G. Massy 

A. Wood 

\. J. Van Rooyen 

C. Henly 

Conductor 

E. F'ernando & Cond'r. 

Conductor 

R. W. Harrison 

A. C. Corbetta 

R. Morison, 

Alex. D. Callander, Actg 

C. C. Mee 

C. J. Adamthwaite 

C. L. Vizard 

L. C. S. Marshall 

H. P. E. Lyford 

P. W. N. Farqubarson 

P. T. L. Wetherall 

(R. H. Algie. Actg.) 

K. A. Burne 

H. A. Tipple 

A. y. Dawson 

C. T. Sinclair 

R. T. Booth 

G. M. A. Perera 

C. Henly 

C. L. Viiard 

J. E. H. Graham Clarke 

Herbert Inglis 
W. N. Tisdall 
R. V. Grimwood 
C Henlv 



AC R SAGE. 


Culu'd. 


Tea. 


Rubber. 


522 


452 


a 70 


604 


401 


i 20 


455 


210 


e 10 


232 


"95 


A 38 


303 


240 


63 


1233 


789 


</444 


160 


160 


e 


28s 


158 


B 127 


,18 


426 


/ 83 


46 





46 


1312 


557 


C755 


222 


209 


/ 13 


300 


250 


50 


II72 


1072 


A 100 


404 


340 


D 64 


186 


135 


5t 


176 


143 


33 


54 


39 


6'A 


165 




"65 


20 




20 


1 105 


1000 


10 


125 


35 


90 


227 




227 


720 


495 


225 


800 


475 


i 322 


34 




34 


818 


682 


y 125 


563)^ 


4461^ 


i 117 


1047 


4to 


/ 80 


243 


227 


E 16 


S76 


400 


m 176 


802 


696 


« 106 


436 


249 


187 


375 


370 


" 5 


386 




386 


64q 


617 


fi 21 


478 


»97 


g tSi 


7Q2 


5Q0 


r 202 


1085 


816 


s 269 


1-4 


100 


274 



Post Station. 

Neboda 

Tebuwana 

Bentota 

Neboda 

Kalutara 

Neboda 



Kalutara 

Horana 

Neboda 

Neboda 

Neboda 

Neboda 

Ingiriya 

Neboda 

Kalutara 

Kalutara 

Bentota 

Neboda 

Kalutara 

Padukka 

Horana 

Bentota 

Neboda 

Anguruatota 

Pad.ikka 
Bentota 

Neboda 
Horana 

Neboda 
Neboda 

Padukka 

Neboda 

Matu. 9 Neboda 

Neboda 

Padukka 

Neboda 

Neboda 
Neboda 

Neboda 



NOTE. — The /Vrt//r letters (tf, ^, c) in the Rubber column indicate the number of age being spcc'fied. 

additional rubber trees planted among tea on the same estntcs. as follqws: a-io.ooo; The small catitals (a. b. c) in the same column indicate the number of acres of 

^—36,550; c — 12.000 ; rf— 78,900; <» — i2,oco; /"— 20,ooo ; ^—16,000; /;— 40,000 ; i— tea interplanted with rubber: a— isacres; b— 3oacrC5 ; c— ^sacres ; d — 34oacre5; 

3.500 ; y— 14,297 ; >t— 3,000; / — -jiiSio; lit — 40.000; n — 50.000; o — .s.ooo; fi — 47,000; E — 10 acres ; total, 420 acres. 
^ — 25,000; r — ^30,264; s — 24,000; total, 40Q.321 trees among tea, without the acre- 



90 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



good. It is under such business conditions — it is by the experi- 
enced tea planters, as a rule — that the planting of rubber has 
been begun. The planters who are now reporting a profit from 
rubber are applying to it the business-like methods of account- 
ing by which they have determined the rate of dividends to be 
paid on the capital invested in tea planting. There is nothing 
haphazard, therefore, in the beginnings of rubber in Ceylon, 
though there doubtless may be mistakes while the planters are 
gaining experience, just as mistakes occurred in the earlier days 
of tea culture. 

With regard to the distribution of the rubber planting, a refer- 
ence to the authentic "Ceylon Hand Book" shows that the 
new culture has been undertaken on hundreds of established 
plantations, many of which are now beginning to market rubber. 
The extent of rubber planting promises to increase largely in 
the near future, in many cases with a view to the ultimate giv- 
ing up of tea. And there is a growing tendency to concentrate 
several of the existing plantations under one management, 
through the formation of new companies, of larger capital than 
in the past. 

It may be of interest to some of our readers to see a census 
of rubber planting in one of the 38 Ceylon districts in which 
rubber has been planted. The district selected is Kalatura, in 
which exists nearly one fourth of the rubber planting in the 
colony. In compiling these figures from the " Hand Book " for 
1905-06, only those plantations are noted on which rubber has 
been planted ; the figures relate to the total acreage under cul- 
tivation, the acreage in tea, and that in rubber alone, while in 
the form of foot notes is indicated the additional planting of 
rubber on the same estates. 

OAXACA RUBBER CO. 

[Plantation near Ubero, state of Oaxaca. Mexico. Office : No. 29 Broadway, New 
York.] 

A CERTIFICATE was filed with the secretary of state of New 
Jersey on October 24, 1905, changing the name of the Oaxaca 
Real Estate Development Co. to Oaxaca Rubber Co., and in- 
creasing the capital authorized from $350,000 to $1,250,000. 
This company, incorporated in 1900, was under contract to de- 
velop the plantation of the Isthmus Rubber Co. of Ubero, a 
Delaware corporation. The two companies have now been 
merged [See The India Rubber World, October i, 1905 — 
page 15.] and the affairs of the Isthmus company are being 
wound up. The idea is to no longer have an " inside " develop- 
ment company, but to have all persons in interest in the plan- 
tation share in any profits resulting from the development 
work. As matters now stand the land is capitalized at $125 per 
acre, instead of $350 as formerly. The present directors are : 
George S. Delano. Medford, Mass. (president) ; Caleb B. Leach, 
Middletown, Conn, (vice president); W. I. Overstreet, New 
York (secretary and treasurer) : Edgar B. Bronson and Francis 
H. Ross, New York: Joseph T. Elliott, Middletown, Conn. ; 
A. H. Chase, Norwich, Conn.: George R. Bissell, Columbus, 
Ohio; Jonathan R. Blackwell, Trenton, N. J. ^ ^ =The annual 
meeting of shareholders of the Oaxaca Rubber Co. will be held 
at the registered office in Jersey City on December 4. 

BADGER MEXICAN PLANTERS CO. 

[Plantation in the state of V^era Cruz, Mexico. Offices: 1444 Lenity building, 
Chicago.] 

The capital of this company, organized in Wisconsin in 1903, 
has been increased from §275,000 to $1,000,000, all common 
stock. It has absorbed the affiliated Badger Mexican Planta- 
tion Co. (incorporated in Maine), and is a plain stock company. 
An important amount of the capital is now held by a number 
of expert Louisiana sugar men. Theofficesof the company have 
been removed from Racine, Wisconsin, to Chicago. The com- 



pany's properties embrace the plantation " La Florencia," near 
Santa Lucrecia, state of Vera Cruz, Mexico, the rubber on which 
has been referred to in The India Rubber World. The 
company advise us : " We propose to devote most of our ener- 
gies in the future to the production of sugar. What plantings 
we have in rubber, amounting to 450 acres, will be kept up, but 
nothing more will be done in this line probably for some years 
to come." The officers now are: William W. Allis, president; 
Frank K. Bull, vice president; Warren E. Fish, treasurer; and 
J. H. Mahony, secretary. 

MEXICAN MUTUAL PLANTERS CO. 

[Plantation " La Junta"; Sanborn postoffice, state of Vera Cruz, Mexico Office: 

907 Journal building. Chicago ] 

A RECENT report of this company relates to the expiration of 
the five year contract under which the original development 
work was to be completed, and the prospective visit of a com- 
mittee in behalf of the investors to report on the condition of 
the property. It is stated that the work has been completed 
in accordance with the company's prospectus, there now being 
under cultivation 2746 acres in rubber, 460 in coffee, and 127 in 
cacao, besides 1027 in pasture land and the " village tract " of 
323 acres, comprising buildings, yards, gardens, and various 
fruits. The estate comprises 5554 acres, of which the area not 
above specified is to be reserved as forest land. This year 750 
acres have been planted in rubber; 1000 acres were planted last 
year, and during the previous three years practically 1000 acres 
— all reported to be in excellent condition. The first planting 
of coffee has already become productive. It is stated that the 
company and its directors personally have put $125 000 (gold) 
into the property, and have not yet taken out a cent in any 
form. Besides, shareholders in the corporation have subscribed 
for about 1000 of the 5000 bonds offered for public subscription. 
The company indicate a hopeful feeling in regard to the ulti- 
mate productiveness of the rubber, none of which is yet more 
than 5 years old. The plantation manager, Mr. James C. Har- 
vey, who is personally interested in the neighboring private 
plantation " La Buena Ventura," is reported to have tapped 
experimentally 3000 six year old trees in this plantation, not so 
much for the purpose of determining the possible yield as to 
gain experience in tapping and to ascertain the quality of 
the product. The average yield of 1500 of the largest trees 
was 3 ounces. On another neighboring plantation 40 trees 6% 
years old, tapped once, yielded an average of 4 ounces of rub- 
qer, and tapped again a month later yielded as much more. 
The manager felt that with more vigorous tapping '/i pound 
per tree might have been obtained at a single bleeding. 

YIELD OF PLANTED RUBBER IN MEXICO. 

To THE Editor of The India Rubber World: You may 
be interested to know that in 1904 I took from 1000 rubber 
trees, S'A years old, 84 pounds of dry rubber, which I sold for 
75 cents per pound, and in 1905 I took from 500 of these same 
trees 167 pounds which sold for 85 cents per pound. The total 
cost of the first lot, including gathering, freight, brokerage, 
commission, custom house charges, etc., was $19.20; cost of 
the second lot, with same charges, was $32.73. These trees 
could have been tapped more heavily, but I am going slowly in 
this respect. Yours respectfully, .\ private planter. 

Vera Cruz. Mexico, October 7, 1905. 

» » « 

Palenque Plantation and Commercial Co. (San Francisco) 
was incorporated September 22, 1905, under California laws, to 
plant rubber and coffee in Mexico; capital authorized $1,000,- 
000, in $100 shares. Directors : R. Herring, J. P. Prutzman, 
J. W. Dayan, J. E. Polhemus, and James Watkins — all of San 
Francisco. 



December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER \VORLD 



&1 



A CALL FOR MORH AIR BRAKE HOSE. 



THE Interstate Commerce Commission at Washington has 
issued an order requiring an increased use o( air brakes 
on freight ttains. The original order required that on all 
freight trains not less than 50 per cent, of the cars should be 
operated with the use of air brakes, and said order has been in 
full force since July i, 1904. The evident purpose of the law, 
however, was that ultimately all cars should be equipped with 
air brakes and that all the brakes should be used in running 
trains, and the commission has labored to the end of seeing 
that this condition should in time be reached. It has been 
necessary, however, to consider limitations which existed in 
the capacity of the railroads to adapt themselves to full com- 
pliance with the law, and on November 2 there was a hearing 
before the commission, attended by representatives of the rail- 
way companies, on the question of increasing the minimum of 
power braked cars in freight trains to 75 per cent. On Novem- 
ber 15 it was decided by the commission that such condition 
would be insisted upon from and alter August i, 1906. 

It was represented by the railway companies that such is the 
demand for transportation at this time that practically all their 
cars are in use, including many old cars which are not worth 
equipping with air brakes, and which it is intended to retire 
from use and break up as rapidly as car builders are able to 
supply new cars with which to replace them. Many railway 
companies reported that large orders for new cars had been 
placed which could not be supplied for months to come. It 
was in view of these considerations that the commission has 
granted to the railway companies a delay until August i next 
for raising the minimum of power braked cars to 75 per cent. 
Already, however, this minimum is exceeded on many railway 
lines, and the disposition of all the companies appears to be to 
equip their cars with air brakes to the fullest extent, feeling 
that such equipment tends to the greater safety of employes 
and the public, and increased economy in operation. 

Practically complete returns from the railway companies on 
October i, 1905, showinga total of 1,790,113 Ireightcars owned 
by them, of which 1,564.396 were equipped with air brakes. 
The difference was 225,717 cars, the equipment of which would 
call for 451,434 pieces of air brake hose. The commission had 
also the returns showing the use of 111,122 privately owned 
freight cars in the United States, practically all equipped with 
air brakes. For some time past all the rolling stock employed 
in the railway passenger service in the United States has been 
fully equipped with air brakes with results that have been uni- 
versally appreciated. 

SWEATING OF AFRICAN RUBBERS. 



TO THE Editor of The India Rubber World : Earlier 
in the year you were kind enough to insert several letters 
from me, re the " Sweating of African Rubbers." These letters 
were answered by several gentlemen who seemed unanimous in 
their convictions that the trouble was caused by the larger 
amount of resin contained in these gums when compared with 
those of different climes. I have always felt that their argu- 
ments were not based on facts, but from mere suppositions, es- 
pecially when they failed to set forth any theories showing the 
why and wherefore of their reasoning. I have followed up my 
experiments, however, and am more convinced than ever that 
they were wrong. 

You will remember that my demonstrations showed that from 
the same bag of Lopori were taken three samples — one of good 
clean gum, one much decomposed by being sweated, and 



another which was a mixture of both. The first cured all right, 
the results were what they should be ; the second was "alto- 
gether to the bad," and could not be cured ; the third was not 
so bad, but it was not correct by any means. Analysis showed 
the same amount of resin in each. Additional resin, to the 
amount of 2% per cent, was added to sample No. i, and made 
no difference that could be detected. 

My later experiments have been as follows : Took some Lo- 
pori under the same conditions as before, extracted the resin 
from each sample, and hung it in the drying room, subjecting 
the whole to a temperature of 90" F. The results were as be- 
fore, only the best sample hanging more than 10 hours ; then 
after adding 6 per cent, each of sulphur and litharge, I attempt- 
ed to cure the same in a mold, giving it one hour, with 45 
pounds pressure of steam (about 290° F.). The poor sample 
failed to cure at all ; it hardened up, and was short and non 
elastic. 

Now, Sir, I am convinced that, the resin theory is a fallacy ; 
that it is wrong; that the trouble consists altogether with the 
method of gathering, exposure to the sun, or the heat of the 
steamer hold when in transit. Yours very truly, 

A. D. THORNTON. 

Montreal, Quebec, November 20, 1905. 



THE "EUREKA" STEAM TRAP. 



INLET 



THERE is probably no problem, the solution of which has 
given steam users more trouble than that which relates 
to the removal of the water of condensation from the pipes 
conveying steam to the power generator or the radiating me- 
dium. The attention which this matter has received is evi- 
denced by the almost innumerable devices in the shape of steam 

traps which have been offered 
to steam users, but each suc- 
ceeding inventor has apparently, 
^^^ ^^^ _ sought to introduce new com- 

mit— -^fll^^^^^f^^—jjj plications of levers and bearings, 
^ ^ '"''' ^^^ '~^ until some engineers evidently 

consider a steam trap as one of 
the evils of his existence. A 
steam trap, in order to perform 
its functions satisfactorily, should 
be simple in construction, and so 
designed as to absolutely pre- 
vent leakage of steam when the 
water has been discharged. The 
inventor of the " Eureka" steam 
trap, illustrated herewith, has designed an apparatus meant to 
meet these requirements fully. 

The simplicity of the Eureka trap renders unnecessary anv 
extended explanation. It is positive in action. The weight of 
the float and the pressure effective on the area of the valve 
stem keeps the outlet closed until the submergence of the float 
overcomes the weight and pressure; the float then lifts the 
valve wide open and the water is discharged until the float 
drops and closes the outlet. While the trap is discharging a 
rotating motion is imparted to the float by the outgoing water 
on which it rests, thereby causing the valve and the seat to be 
automatically reground at every operation. 

The entire absence of levers, bearings, springs, etc., which 
usually cause trouble in steam traps, should recommend the 
Eureka to engineer or superintendents of rubber mills. The 
Eureka traps are manufactured in all standard sizes, and are 
sold at prices that compare favorably with the common trap. 
[Osgood Sayen, Arcade building, Philadelphia.] 




OUTLET 



^2 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



THE SCRAP RUBBER MARKET. 



LITERATURE OF INDIA-RUBBER. 



CURRENT conditions are believed to favor a maintenance 
of the sustained position of the market for old rubber 
boots and shoes, and while prices are likely to show fractional 
fluctuations during the next few months under influences of a 
normal market character, no material changes in values are 
awaited. The present basis of quotations is not regarded as 
fictitious, but founded on legitimate conditions, to which some 
reference may be timely in this connection. The compara- 
tively low range of prices which had prevailed for five years 
before the turn of a few months ago was the result of an under- 
standing among the largest consumers of reclaimed rubber, 
whereby the sources of supply were apportioned to effective 
advantage. 

This arrangement fully served its purpose, and the market 
followed a fairly even course, but in the meanwhile conditions 
were developing which were destined to play an important part 
in asserting the inevitable influences of supply and demand. 
The market for crude rubber had been in upward tendency 
during this period, and the fields of consumption for reclaimed 
rubber had shown substantial growth, absorbing to a consider- 
able extent what surplus stocks had been accumulated. 

Then, the development of the industries from which little 
returns were made lent a decided influence to the stronger ten- 
dency of the situation. The growth of the electrical indus- 
tries has been especially great, and there had been a marked 
improvement in the carriage cloth trade, particularly in the 
West. The ultimate returns from this field in the shape of 
old rubber amount to almost nothing. There were other me- 
chanical industries which were enlarging their operations, the 
returns from which were small and of inferior qualities. Then 
for the last two winters the boot and shoe trade had been ac- 
tive, enhancing considerably the consumption of reclaimed 
rubber. 

Another factor which has been mentioned in this connection 
is the condition of affairs in Russia during the last year or 
more. This country had proved a source of comparatively 
large supply within recent years, but with the outbreak of hos- 
tilities and the attending disturbance of mechanical and agri- 
cultural conditions, the receipts of old rubber boots and shoes 
were largely curtailed. Under the conditions which have been 
mentioned, the general average advance of between 40 and 50 
per cent, on all grades of scrap rubber since the opening of the 
present season would seem to be based on logical premises, and 
while the general state of trade throughout the country is of 
such a satisfactory character, the market for reclaimed rubber 
will be likely to maintain a firm position. 

The range of quotations for old boots and shoes so far this 
season has touched extremes at sU and 9 cents, but the season 
of 1898-9 brought even a wider range of prices, which fluctu- 
ated between 6j+ and iiX cents. The large consumers hold 
fair stocks and are not apt to prove a factor in the market un- 
til the opening of the new season, but the requirements of the 
smaller dealers over the balance of this season are likely to ag- 
gregate good proportions, reducing holders' stocks to an appre- 
ciable extent. 

The course of the crude rubber market is attracting much 
interest, and as the effect of the higher level has already been 
noted in the increase in the consumption of reclaimed rubber, 
the position of crude may prove of further significance. The 
outlook for next season's supplies of scrap is not to be consid- 
ered at this time, conditions being too indefinite to permit even 
a forecast. But meanwhile the demand for reclaimed rubber 
is constantly increasing. 



(IRCULARS AND AGRICULTURAL JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL 
Botanic Gardens. Cevlon. Vol. Ill — No. h, July. iqo5. ParS Rubber in 
Ceylon. By Herbert Wright and A. Bruce. Colombo: 1905. [8 vo. Pp. 55-S6.] 

THIS is a careful summary of scientific investigations which 
have been applied to questions relating to climate, soil, 
elevation, manuring, and other like questions in connection 
with rubber culture, in a region which, longer than any other 
has been the seat of this industry, some of the trees which 
figure in these investigations being now 29 years old. The 
questions here considered have not been so thoroughly treated 
in any other report ; besides which they have a practical value 
in their application. It might be added that a Colombo pub- 
lisher announces having in press an extensive work on the 
Para rubber tree and its culture, by Mr. Wright, who long has 
been on the staff of the Ceylon botanic gardens, and filled the 
position of director during the recent absence in England of 
Dr. Willis. 

THE CEYLON HAND BOOK AND DIRECTORY. AND COMPENDIUM 
of Useful Information for 1905-06. To which is Prefixed a Statistical Sum- 
mary for the Colony and Review of the Planting Enterprise up to Julv. 1905. 
Compiled and edited by J. Ferguson, c. m. g., m. l. c. Colombo ; A. M. & J. 
Ferguson. 1905. [Cloth. l6mo. Pp. XL-i-i364+XLV-i-folding tables. Price, 
IS rupees.] 

While not issued with any special relation to the rubber 
interest, this has become a most important record of rubber 
culture, to which the comp lers of the work, connected as they 
are with T/ie Tropical Agriculturist, have for some years past 
devoted careful attention. One year ago the " Hand Book " 
reported the plantations of rubber alone in Ceylon at 10,034 
acres, exclusive of an estimated equivalent of 26,201 acres of 
ruTber planted with other crops. One year later the figures 
given are 23,285 acres for rubber alone ; 8598 acres rubber in 
connection with other crops ; and 2,600,000 rubber trees in other 
crops, the acreage of which is not estimated. 

IN CURRENT PERIODICALS. 

L'Hevea Brasiliensis ; sa Culture et sou Exploitation dans le Sud 
Annam. By G. Vernet [chetnist of the Pasteur Institute at Nhatrang. 
A comprehensive summary of the characteristics of the " Para" rubber 
species and the conditions favorable for its cultivation, with a summary 
of results obtained to date in French Indo-China ; with comments by 
G. Capus ; illustrated]. = .S«//e'/!K J^ronomique, Hanoi. VIII-44 (Au- 
gust, igos). Pp. 687-734. 

La Production et la Consomination Mondiales du Caoutchouc. By 
H. Brenner [assistant director of agriculture and commerce of Indo- 
China ; credit given to The India Rubber World for statistics.]^ 
Bulletin ^cotiomiguf, Hanoi. VIII-44 (August, igo5). Pp. 735-742. 

The Preparation of Rubber at Mergui, Tenasserim. [Experiments at 
a government station in Burma. ]= T"/;!- Indian Forester, Allahabad. 
XXXI-9 (September, 1905). Pp. 530-534. 



A SOLVENT FOR INDIA-RUBBER. 



THE specification of British patent No. 6471 (1904), issued 
to Robinson and Clift foran India-rubbersolution, states 
that pyridine and like bases or heavy bases from coal tar, bone 
oil, and the like are used as solvents for rubber in making rub- 
ber solution or in extracting rubber from waste. This is prefer- 
ably done in a number of tanks into which the rubber within a 
cage is successively lowered, or by placing a cage in each tank 
and circulating the solvent through the latter so that fresh sol- 
vent first comes in contact with the nearly dissolved rubber. 
The rubber is precipitated by acid. Coal tar, benzol, naphtha, 
or other solvents not precipitated by acids may be added to 
take up the rubber after neutralizing, and wood spirit or amyl 
alcohol may be used instead of acid for precipitating, provided 
benzol, naphtha, or the like have not been used. 



December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER V/ORLD 



93 



THE ENGLISH MOTOR AND CYCLE SHOWS. 



THE yearly automobile show at the Olympia, London, 
opened on the eveningof November iS, was larger by lar 
than any of its predecessors and was recognized as marking an 
important and distinct advance in the motor industry of Great 
Britain. Large as was the show, it is understood that there 
would have been many more exhibits if space had been availa- 
ble. The value of the exhibits was estimated at upwards of 
;^4oo,ooo f = $2,000,000]. The Society of Motor Manufacturers 
and Traders, under whose auspices the show was given, have 
been greatly encouraged by its success. 

On the same evening occurred the opening, at Agricultural 
Hall, of the twenty-ninth annual Stanley show, now termed the 
annual exhibition of cycles, accessories and motors, for the rea- 
son that a considerable number of motor exhibits was included 
in the catalogue. The Stanley show remains, however, dis- 
tinctively a cycle show, and both in the matter of exhibits and 
attendance the exhibition just closed indicated a continued 
wide interest in cycling in P^ngland. Not a single foreign cycle 
exhibit was to be seen, which is taken to Indicate that the de- 
mand for foreign cycles in England has been checked. Motor 
cycles were less prominent than a year ago. There was evident 
a revolution in favor of more substantial cycle tires than for 
some time past, due to an appreciation that really good tires 
cannot be made without good rubberand this costs money. Tire 
prices, therefore, are higher this year. 

In this connection it may be mentioned that a number of bi- 
cycle manufacturing companies have recently closed their bus- 
iness year with a most favorable showing of profits, some of the 
companies making more favorable reports than in any former 
year. 

A RUBBER POLO BALL. 



IN a report of a game of polo at Newport, Rhode Island, on 
September 2, between two teams of well known players — 
the winning side including Reginald C. Vanderbilt — the New 
York Times says : 

" The feature of the match was the use of a new polo ball, 
being of hard rubber with a pneumatic covering. The ball was 
tried as an experiment at the request of William A. Hazard, 
secretary of the Polo Association. It seemed to lack speed 
when hit and had a tendency to bound in the air instead of 
rolling well over the ground. The well known sound also was 
lacking when the mallet came in contact with the ball. After 
playing with it a few minutes Mr. Agassiz cried, ' Throw out a 
good ball,' and the customary wooden ball was produced. The 
new ball was not tried again. It was the opinion of the play- 
ers that the pneumatic ball seemed dead when struck com- 
pared to the wooden one. Harry S. Kip refereed the game." 

Secretary Hazard has not given up his interest in having 
a rubber polo ball tested, and is certain that the players are 
prepared to consider such a ball on its merits. As to objec- 
tions heard to it thus far he informs The India Rubber 
World : 

" I was told that it seemed too dead ; they could get too 
little distance from it. They said they liked the sound of 
the wooden ball — they could judge from the sound whether 
it had been hit square, and so on. They complained that it 
became wild readily, and for that reason they could not play it 
longer than a wooden ball." 

Mr. Hazard is still negotiating with rubber manufacturers, 
one firm of whom write to us : " We have made a few pneu- 
matic polo balls, and they have been pronounced excellent in 



certain features by some players who have urged us to complete 
the ball in all its details. This we are trying to do, and we hope 
to bring it out next season." 



EXPERIMENTS IN VULCANIZATION. 



'T^o THE Editor of The India Rubber World: I am 
•*• sorry to see that you have made an error in your refer- 
ence to my vulcanizations on page 41 of your last Issue. The 
compounds used in both cases were the same, viz : 
100 parts Fine Pai.i 
50 parts Liiharge 
3 parts Sulphur 
50 parts Whiting 
Vulcanizations of samples of this compound were had in 21 1 
days at 105° F. average temperature. The vulcanization was 
perfect and the elasticity was good. With 5 and 7 per cent, of 
sulphur the elasticity was excellent. At a proper high tem- 
perature, somewhere under 600° F., there is no difficulty in 
vulcanizing a sample of the same compound, and the same 
thickness in less than one second. Very truly yours, 

A. o. bourn. 

Providence, Rhode Island, November 6, 190- . 



AN OFFICIAL REPORT ON CONGO RUBBER. 



THE Bulletin Official o\ the Congo Free State presents the 
official statistics of the commerce for that state for 1904, 
preceded by a report to the king of the Belgians by Monsieur 
Droogman, secretary general of finances. After mentioning a 
decline in exports of Caoutchouc of 1,087,044 kilograms, as 
compared with the former year, M. Droogman says: 

The above stated decrease in the rubber exports had been foreseen, 
and I have explained the reasons for it in the report which was attached 
to the trade statistics for i8qg. The King knows that the government 
s ever watchful for the purpose of preventing owners of rubber gathering 
enterprises from working too strenuously in gathering crops, which might 
result in the exhaustion of our forests. 

Annual replanting on the other hand is in continued progress on a 
considerable scale, as a result of the carrying out of the provisions of the 
decree of January 5th, i8gg. The number of rubber /t'on^j and trees 
planted under this law up to the present time, may be figured at nearly 
13,000.000. The effect of these measures will make itself felt a few 
years hence by an appreciable advance, and we may then obtain a nor- 
mal and constant output, thanks to the use of methodical and rational 
methods of gathering and replanting. 

AUTOMOBILES IN RUSSIA. 



THE Dresden Gummi-Zeitung points out that a field exists 
in Russia for the sale of German automobiles. The favor 
with which American automobiles were once received is not cal- 
culated to be permanent, and the French, with all their facilities 
in designing beautiful and good vehicles, labor under the dis- 
advantage that while their products are well adapted for French 
highways, thev are not strong enough to stand the strain of the 
rougher Russian roads. The German machines, being built 
more solidly, are better adapted to Russian needs, but they 
have yet to make a reputation in the latter country. Our con- 
temporary, therefore, advises the leading German firms not to 
neglect the opportunity which the Russian market offers for 
their products. 

A Question of Expediency. — The rubber weed industry 
which has been under discussion by the board of trade and lo- 
cal newspapers for some time is a subject worthy the attention 
of anyone who may find it expedient to hustle out to make a 
dollar or %o.^Durango (Colorado) Herald. 



94 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



THE RUBBER TRADE IN AKRON. 



BV A RESIDENT CORRESPONDENT. 

TO THE Editor OF The India Ruhuer World: The Dia- 
mond Rubber Co. filed articles of incorporation under 
the laws of Ohio, on November 7, with an authorized capital of 
$1000. On November 9 a certificate was filed, increasing the 
capital stock to $3,500,000. The first act mentioned was a legal 
formality in connection with making the Diamond a domestic, 
instead of a " foreign " corporation. The company hitherto has 
been a corporation under the laws of West Virginia. The Dia- 
mond company began its existence in 1895, when it was incor- 
porated in Ohio with $50,000 capital. In 1898, when Messrs. 
Hardy, Miller, and Marks became interested in it, the company 
was reorganized under a West Virginia charter. In 1900 the 
capital stock was increased to $100,000, and this has been added 
to gradually until in 1902 it became $1,750,000. The recent 
doubling of the capital has been rendered necessary by the 
constant growth of business of the company and the necessity 
of enlarging the capacity of the plant. It is understood that 
the new stock will not go to any outside interests, but will be 
taken by those already identified with the company. The 
growth of the capacity and business of the company were re- 
ferred to recently in The India Rubber World in the review 
of a brochure entitled " Seven Years — The History of a Sue- 
cess." 

The hard rubber ball for bowling is now being manufactured 
to a considerable extent in this city, the demand having in- 
creased materially within a year. The cost of such balls in 
comparison with those of lignum vita interferes with their in- 
troduction, but for all that many bowlers give them the prefer- 
ence. The weight of the standard ball has lately been decreased 
from 16^ to 16 pounds, which lessens the cost of production 
slightly. Hard rubber balls for bowling, made at College Point, 
New York, were shown at the Centennial Exhibition at Phila- 
delphia in 1876, but on account of theirextreme cost they soon 
dropped out of sight, until Joseph Dangel, superintendent of 
the Akron works of the American Hard Rubber Co., who is a 
champion bowler, brought them again into notice a year or two 
ago. It is stated that a new ball made only in part of hard rub- 
ber is being manufactured somewhere in this country. 

[The Brooklyn Eagle, in an article on the increased interest 
in the game of tenpins and the growing popularity of hard 
rubber balls, mentions that the New York Bowling Association 
has altered its by laws to permit the use of the rubber sphere in 
tournaments. It mentions that Joseph Witzel, of College Point, 
New York, has in his possession one of the first rubber balls 
made, which has been in use on his alley for nearly 20 years, 
and is still being rolled every day.] 

The girls employed from out of town for the new rubber shoe 
department of The B. F. Goodrich Co. are not left to take care 
of themselves when arriving here. The company has been ad- 
vertising in the local papers for good homes for girls, and on 
their arrival at Akron they are met at the train and conducted 
to desirable lodgings. The company has purchased a large 
residence on one of the best streets to serve as a working girls' 
home, and its management is under the auspices of the Young 
Women's Christian Association. Though this was done but a 
short time ago, the home is already well filled. 

The suit of Peter Kiefer against the Diamond Rubber Co., 
which has been mentioned at length in The India Rubber 
World, has been dismissed at the cost of the defendant. 
Kiefer filed suit in February, 1903, asking for $1995 damages, 
charging that he had been discharged from the company's em- 
ploy and his name placed upon a "black list", on account of 



which he was unable thereafter to secure employment in any 
rubber factory in the city. The case was tried more than once, 
and attracted considerable attention at times, but in the end he 
recovered no damages. 

The Diamond Rubber Co. are building a one story addition 
60X90 feet to their South Akron branch, where the crude rub- 
ber they use is washed and ground. The need of more room 
has also made necessary a small addition to the main plant, in 
the extension of the receiving department. This will include 
a new office for the purchasing agent, H. W. Lantz. 

The Buckeye Rubber Co., who are manufacturers of rubber 
tires in large quantities, have just completed a new building, 
42 X 70 feet, designed to increase the capacity of their vulcan- 
izing department. The new addition is already in partial use 
and will be running in full by the end of the year. 

The Firestone Tire and Rubber Co. have been moving into 
the new addition to their factory, mentioned in the October 
India Rubber World, though the additional power plant in- 
volved will not be installed for some weeks yet. 

Mr. James A. Swinehart, of the Swinehart Clincher Tire and 
Rubber Co., who has returned lately from a visit to the West, 
extending as far as the Pacific coast, has been led to believe 
that a great increase in the use of automobiles is imminent 
in the states visited by him. 

The factory of the Summit Rubber Co., at Barberton, was 
entered on several succeeding Sundays lately by three small 
boys who created considerable havoc. They began by blowing 
up rubber surgeons' gloves and bursting them, after which they 
began to carry away goods, and finally disabled the gas engines 
and cut the belting. Their identity was discovered and they 
were held for action by the grand jury, but later this order was 
modified and a light punishment was inflicted in view of their 
age, none of them being over 12 years. 

RUBBER HOSE MANUFACTURE IN JAPAN. 



THE capital stock of Nippon Gomu Kabu- 
shiki Kaisha (Japan Rubber Co., Limited), 
of Tokio, Japan, founded in 1900, has been in- 
creased gradually until it amounts now to 180,000 
yen [ = $89,712]. The location of the office and 
factory is Hashiba Asakusa, Tokio, and the man- 
agement is headed by Mr. Washicka Yamazuki, 
president of the company. The products of the 
factory embrace hose — suction, steam, garden, and 
air brake — belting, packing, valves, buffers, rubber 
seats, and so on. The company are devoted espe- 
cially to the manufacture of hose, and particularly 
to suction hose, the manufacture of which hitherto 
has not been accomplished satisfactorily in Japan. /^ 
Such hose is made by them of any diameter de- Z*^ 
sired, and in lengths up to 60 feet. The company's ^ 
mechanical equipment has been derived from Ger- -ij 
many and England. 

IJNAPPRECIATIVE RUBBER WORKERS. 



THE India-Rubber Journal \ea.rr\%\.Y\Al recently a meeting 
was held at Aston (Birmingham) to organize the rubber 
workers into a union, but as one speaker stated " he was sur- 
prised that the rubber workers were not there that morning to 
give some small support to those who were fighting their battle 
against their employers." Our contemporary concludes, there- 
fore, that there does not seem to be much prospect of anything 
being done. 



December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



95 



NEWS OF THE AMERICAN RUBBER TRADE. 



DUNLOP TIRE AND RUBBER GOODS CO. 

THE illustration on this page gives a view ot the re- 
cently completed plant of the Dunlop Tire and Rubber 
Goods Co., which now is the style of the corporation 
until lately known as The Dunlop Tire Co., Limited, 
of Toronto, Canada. The smaller picture, in the upper left 
corner, represents the office building, fronting on nooth ave- 
nue. The factory extends back for a block to a siding off the 
Grand Trunk railway's main line east. The premises comprise 
one of the best factory sites in Toronto, and the land owned 
by the company will permit of considerable additions to the 
plant as the same may become necessary. There is no factory in 
Toronto more thoroughly fireproof, the floors, ceilings, walls, 
partitions, and stairways being of cement, reinforced by ex- 
panded metal. The walls are of heavy construction, to take on 
an additional story some day, and the power house is so located 
as to leave the sides of the building free for additional wings. 
The machinery equipment throughout is of the most modern 
type. A sprinkler system has been installed, being fed from 
the 40,000 gallon water tank shown in the illustration. On the 
tank, over the name DUNLOP are painted a pair of gigantic 
hands, in a position familiar to all who have seen the Dunlop 
tire advertising. 

By way of a brief history, it may be mentioned that in 1894 
The American Dunlop Tire Co.— itself an offshoot of the 
Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co. of England — then of New York, 
and afterwards of Belleville, N.J..and Hartford. Conn., opened 
a branch at Toronto, for the purpose of working the Welch 
bicycle tire patent and of supplying the Canadian trade with 
Dunlop tires. The trade grew to large proportions and in 1S99 
attracted the attention of a number of Canadian capitalists, 
who eventually purchased the Canadian business and floated 
the present company, styling it The Dunlop Tire Co., Limited. 
Just at this time the then manager, Mr. Richard Garland, re- 
signed, to market the Australian Dunlop Co., and the present 
manager of the company, Mr. John Westren, was elected to 
succeed him. The company has continued to prosper, having 
branched out in a number of other lines — solid rubber carriage 
tires, horseshoe pads, and other 
mechanical goods, and now it is pre- 
pared to supply nearly everything 
in rubber. 

Last April ground was broken for 
the new plant above described, and 
by October i everything was in run- 
ningshape. The company purchased 
some 4 acres of land adjoining the 
railway, erected an office and fac- 
tory building 250 X 50 feet, with 
separate compounding room, out- 
side vulcanizing rooms and large 
outbuilding for its carriage depart- 
ment, spreader room, etc. These 
latter buildings are 1 50 X 30 feet. 
The company have selling branches 
at Montreal, Winnipeg, Vancouver, 
and St. John, and maintain a store 
in the business center of Toronto. 
They control rights under the Dun- 
lop- Welch and " Clincher " tire pat- 



ents—which have not expired on this side of the Atlantic — and 
the Doughty tire vulcanizing patents, and work under license 
the Firestone sidewire tire and the Ludington continuous tire 
process patents. 

NEW JOBBING HOUSE AT CLEVELAND. 
The Forest City Rubber Co. (Cleveland, Ohio), the incorpo- 
ration of which was noted in these pages last month, is com- 
posed principally of Messrs. William E. Crofut (president and 
treasurer) and John C. Poore (vice president and secretary;. 
The former was connected with the Ohio Rubber Co. (Cleve- 
land) for some time as treasurer and the latter for a number 
of years was leading traveling salesman for that company. Feel- 
ing that a field existed for a new company, and having a close 
personal acquaintance with the trade and a knowledge of its 
requirements, the gentlemen named have undertaken to carry on 
a jobbing business in a full line of mechanical rubber goodsand 
such allied lines as automobile tires, interlocking tiling, and the 
like. They will carry the mechanical rubber goods line of the 
Voorhees Rubber Manufacturing Co. and also the leather belt- 
ing of the Jewell Belting Co. The new house is favorably lo- 
cated at No. 22 South Water street, Cleveland. 
A GROWING TRENTON FACTORY. 
Grieb Rubber Co. (Philadelphia) are engaged in increasing 
the equipment of their well organized factory at Trenton, New 
Jersey, the volume of production at which has been larger dur- 
ing the current year than in any other. They are preparing to 
add 4 presses to their plants, which will increase the number to 
18, and have recently added a Birmingham calender of the lat- 
est pattern. The company are making, in addition to their well 
known specialties in heels, soles, and sheet soling, a varied line 
of products, such as hoof pads, bottle washers, gun recoil pads, 
massage machine rubbers, handles for tennis, ricket and golf 
clubs, and many other articles. 

ARBITRATION OF BUSINESS DISPUTES. 

The New York Credit Men's Association, the excellent work 
of which has been referred to many times in The India Rub- 
ber World, has instituted an " arbitration bureau," to which 
its members are invited to refer for determination, disputes be. 









PLANT OF THE DUNLOP TIRE AND RUBBER GOODS CO. 



96 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



tween debtor and creditor, such as are bound to occur fre- 
quently and which in the past have often involved litigation, 
involving much expense and annoying delay. I'urlher details 
regarding the new plan may be obtained from the secretary of 
the association at No. 320 Broadway, New York. 

NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS. 
United States Rubber Co. : 







Common. 




PRsrERRBD. 




DATES. 












Sales. 


High. 


Low. 


Sales. 


High. 


Low. 


Week ending Oct. 21 


8.Q50 


54!4 


5lJ^ 


500 


IIi;^ 


lll\4 


Week ending Oct 28 


8,ogo 


54 


i-^M 


2.445 


rio;^ 


II0I4 


Weekending Nov. 4 


6,250 


s^H 


s^V. 


2,050 


no's 


'09 ,'4 


Weekending Nov. 11 


11,110 


siH 


A9li 


1.050 


log 


107^ 


Weekending Nov. 18 


10,250 


5>M 


47% 


1.535 


io8?4 


■osii 


Weekending Nov. 25 


28,100 


siV* 


S^H 


4.025 


112K 


lO&U 



THE SECOND PREFERRED STOCK. 

The new second preferred capital shares of the United States 
Rabber Co., details regarding which appeared ia the last India 
KUBUER World (page 59), were formally admitted to trading 
on the Stock Exchange on November i. More than a dozen 
firms interested in deliveries of the new stock met in the office 
of E. C. Benedict & Co. (New York) on November i to settle 
differences relating to the payment of dividends. Buyers of 
this stock " when and as issued " asserted that the regular divi- 
dend belonged to them, provided they bought the stock before 
the books closed on October 21 in connection with dividend 
payments. Holders of stock who send the new shares " when 
and as used " thought they ought to get the dividend payable 
October 31. The decision arrived at was in favor of the former 
class. Stock Exchange quotations for the new shares up to 
date have been as follows: 

Week Ending — Nov. ,j. Nov. 11. Nov. 18. Nov. 25. 

Sales 500 500 i,ioo 3,750 

High yq'/s 77 78 81 

Low 7734^ 75 75 77 

Rubber Goods Manufacturing Co, : 



DATES. 



Weekending Oct. 21 
Week ending Oct 28 
Week ending Nov. 4 
Weekending Nov. 11 
Weekending Nov. 18 
Weekending Nov. 25 





Common. 




F 


RKFBRRED. 


Sales. 


High. 
37!^ 


Low. 


Sales. 


High 


Low 


500 


37 


100 


'05 J4 


105:4: 


1,770 


38K 


3lH 


100 


105 


105 


qoo 


38;^ 


31U 


— 






700 


38 


3114 


200 


105 


■OS 


ICO 


37 


37 


200 


104 


io3?i 


700 


38 ■4' 


38 


100 


104 J^ 


104^ 



THE COMING AUTOMOBILE SHOWS. 

The sixth National Automobile Show, at Madison Square 
Garden, New York, will begin on Saturday evening, January 13. 
and continue through all of the following week. The show 
this season will be under the auspices of the Association of 
Licensed .Automobile Manufacturers. While the list of exhib- 
itors has not yet been given out it is understood that all the 
spaces will be filled and that this show will as usual be of great 
interest, not only in respect of automobiles in general but also 
of the rubber tire production. = -This show is to be followed, 
as usual, by an exhibition, under the same auspices, in Chicago, 
in the week from February 3 to 10. 

The sixth annual automobile exhibition of the Automobile 
Club of America, to be held January 13 to 20 in the new 
Sixty-ninth Regiment Armory— Lexington avenue and Twen- 
ty-fifth street. New York — will embody a very complete rep- 
resentation of the motor car industry, including accessories of 
every kind. In the allotment of space 204 concerns are repre- 
sented, American makers being pitted against foreign, with 
products listed at every price from the lowest to the highest. 



TRADE NEW NOTES, 

The Stockton Rubber Co. (Stockton, New Jersey), the in- 
corporation of which was reported recently in these pages, 
have begun work in reclaiming rubber. The plant was equipped 
under the direction of Mr. Dominic J. Price, who, during a 
number of years, was well known as a capable superintendent 
of a rubber reclaiming factory and he is in charge of the man- 
agement of the new company. The Stockton plant is equipped 
with a view particularly to rendering production economical. 

=The directors of the Rubber Goods Manufacturing Co. on 
November 16 declared the twenty-seventh regular quarterly 
dividend of 1^4 per cent, on the preferrrd shares, out of earn- 
ings, payable December 15, to shareholders of record Decem- 
ber 5. 

= The directors of the Boston Woven Hose and Rubber Co, 
have declared the regular semi annual dividend of $3 per share 
on the preferred stock, payable December 1 5 to stockholders of 
record December 5. 

= An emergency room, provided with a hospital bed and 
other conveniences, has been provided for the shoe department 
at the factory of the National India Rubber Co, (Bristol, Rhode 
Island), which already has proved its usefulness, 

= The Buffalo Rubber Manufacturing Co, (Buffalo, New 
York) are understood to have doubled their sales during the 
past year. The company have now been in business for two 
years, having been incorporated in 1903. by Messrs. E. L. Toy 
and A. J. Commins, both formerly of the Alden Rubber Co., 
and now respectively president and treasurer of the Buffalo 
company. They manufacture various rubber specialties. 

= The Merchants' Rubber Co., Limited (Berlin, Ontario), 
have arranged with an important jobbing house in New Zea- 
land for the sale of their products in that colony and in Austra- 
lia. The Merchants' company has grown steadily and its out- 
put was reported recently to have reached 3200 pairs of boots 
and shoes daily, 

= Mr. Wilfred A. Joubert, who for some years was engaged 
practically in the exploitation of Balata in Dutch Guiana, has 
accepted a position with TheOmo Manufacturing Co. (Middle- 
town, Connecticut), who long have been users of Balata gum. 

= New Jersey. Car Spring and Rubber Co. (Jersey City) an- 
nounce the opening of an office in Philadelphia — 330 Drexel 
building — where they will submit samples and quotations on 
their extensive line of mechanical rubbers. 

= The shareholders of the General Electric Co. are to vote 
December 5 on the question of increasing the capital from 
$48,325,500 to $54,162,750, to provide for the growth of the 
company's business. It is reported that the business of 1905 
will materially exceed in volume that of last year. 

= The Excelsior Hard Rubber Co. (Mineial City, Ohio) re- 
port that they are very busy. In addition to the line of hard 
rubber harness mountings which they have been making for 
some years, they are now producing hard rubber bowling balls. 

= The Stamford Rubber Supply Co. (Stamford, Connecticut), 
have established agencies for the sale of their rubber substitutes 
as follows : Boston, No. 39 Tremont street, in charge of Earl E. 
Davidson ; Trenton, New Jersey, in charge of E. B. Fulper.^= 
Ya/i Alu/nni IVeekly mentions Mr. Davidson as a member of 
the Yale class of 1900, as also was Mr. W. F. Gillespie, general 
manager of the Stamford company. 

= The Canadian Rubber Co. of Montreal, Limited, are prob- 
ably the largest buyers of advertising space in the Dominion. 
During the winter months the " Canadian " rubber boots and 
shoes are advertised in every daily and weekly newspaper in 
Canada, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, so that no reader can 
fail to know of these goods, AdvertisementsJ^are printed in 



December 



t9°s] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



97 



three languages — English, French, and German — and an at- 
tractive pictorial display invariably forms part of the adver- 
tisement. An extensive porlfolio of the advertising material 
prepared for the current season by the company's advertising 
manager, Mr. James Morris Carroll, by reason of the variety 
and originality involved, is most creditable to his department. 

= Mr. Alexander McPherson, a representative of The Gutta- 
percha and Rubber Manufacturing Co. of Toronto, Limited, 
has returned recently from a business tour of Australia and the 
neighboring colonies. 

= The Hartford Rubber Works Co. have installed a coal con- 
veying plant for the more convenient and economical supply 
of coal to the power house of their plant which is referred to 
as being notably complete and satisfactory in operation. The 
system is that of the Robins Conveying Belt Co. and the rub- 
ber belt used is iS inches wide, the length of the conveyor 
being 255 feet between centers. 

= The tire trade of The B. F. Goodrich Co. in London will 
be conducted hereafter under their own name, instead of 
Single Tube Tires, Limited, as hitherto. At the beginning of 
1S98 the Messrs. Goodrich, in connection with two other im- 
portant American concerns, formed a company for the joint 
exploitation of single tube bicycle tires in Europe. The other 
companies in time retired, leaving the Goodrich company in 
sole control of Single Tube Tires, Limited, and this name has 
now been dropped. 

= Mr. Thomas W. McDowell, general manager of the Good- 
year Rubber Co.'s factory at Middletown, Connecticut, has been 
elected a direceor of the First National Bank of that city, to 
succeed C. W. Harris, resigned. 

= B. Loewenthal & Co. (Chicago and New York) dealers in 
old rubber, announce the admission to their firm of Mr. Her- 
man Muchlstein, who for an umber of years has been in their 
employ. He will continue in charge of their Eastern branch. 

= Dyson Rubber Co. (Trenton, New Jersey) have been 
obliged of late to run their factory day and night to handle 
their orders on mats, tiling, and molded goods. 

= The Kansas Rubber Co. (Olathe, Kansas), incorporated 
under the laws of Kansas; capital, $100,000. Object, the man- 
ufacture of mechanical rubber goods and also. The India 
Rubber World is informed, "for reclaiming rubber by a 
strictly new and improved process that will devulcanize the 
rubber and remove the cloth and other foreign substances 
without in any way injuring the rubber." Officers: L D. 
Hibner, president ; Ed. Ripley, vice president ; Luther Moore, 
secretary; Ole Hibner, treasurer. Charles A. Besaw will be 
superintendent. The Olathe Mirror mentions that Mr. Besaw 
has begun to sell stock in the new company and contracts will 
be let for the buildings when the necessary capital has been 
subscribed. 

= Poel & Arnold (New York) have opened an office for the 
sale of crude rubber at Akron, Ohio, which will be in charge 
of Mr. Frank P. Lahey, who has been connected for the past 18 
years with Poel & Arnold and their predecessors, and has be- 
come thoroughly acquainted with the crude rubber business 
and the demands of the consuming trade. His headquarters 
are Rooms 405-406, Everett building. Akron. 

= National Heel Co., October 7, 1905, under New York laws ; 
capital, $300,000. Have acquired the assets and good will of 
the American Heel Tread Manufacturing Co., a copartnership 
producing a combination rubber and leather heel under the 
Joseph Martin patents. The officers, elected October 1 1, are : 
Joseph Martin, president; R. W. Weller, vice president; W. 
A. Marlborough, secretary-treasurer. Additional directors: 
Thomas Martin, New York, and G. W. Farrelly, Boston. Main 



office. No. 127 Duane street, and factory, Nos. 2-4 Howard 
street, New York; Boston office. No. 56 Lincoln street. 

=:Schwab it Co., extensive waste rubber merchants in Phila- 
delphia, have decided, on account of the demand for increased 
space made necessary by their growing business, to remove from 
their present quarters. No. 615 Webster street, to more com- 
modious premises, early in the New Year. 

A NEW GUAYULE FACTORY. 
The Torreon Rubber Manufacturing Co. was incorporated 
October 7, 1905, under the laws of Texas, with $1 50,000 capi- 
tal, to extract rubber from the Guayule plant, at Torreon, state 
of Coahuila, Mexico. The incorporators are F. E. Dowlen. 
Charles Perry, J. F. Pate, and R. L. Bonnett, of Torreon, Mex- 
ico, and H. A. Erbe, General William H. Stacy, and James H. 
Raymond, Jr., of Austin, Texas (where the headquarters of the 
company are to be). Mr. Pate, mentioned above, is a depart- 
ment manager of Schiess y Cia. (Torreon), extensive manu- 
facturers of mining and other machinery, and interested to a 
large extent in the Torreon factory for making Guayule, which, 
according to an interview with General Stacy in the Waco 
(Texas) is already in operation, shipping its product to Ger- 
many. 

PERSONAL MENTION. 

Two representatives of Vereinigte Gummiwaren-Fabriken 
Harburg-Wien — Ingenieur Herr Franz Grubitz and Herr A. 
S. Guthne — while recently in the United States favored The 
India Rubber World offices with a visit. 

^Major J. Orton Kerbey, who will be remembered as a for- 
mer American consul at Para and for his subsequent interest 
in crude rubber exploitation, has written a book on the region 
drained by the Amazon, which is announced to appear under 
the title " The Land of To-morrow " from the press of The 
John C. Winston Co., Philadelphia. 

= Mr. Ernest E. Buckleton, secretary and general manager of 
the Northwestern Rubber Co., Limited (Litherland, Liverpool), 
after spending a vacation in the United States, including a few 
weeks on the Pacific coast, where he formerly resided (or some 
years, sailed for home on November 15. 



Brazil. — The Brazilian Rubber Trust, Limited, offer to lease 
all or part of their holdings on the island of Marajo, near Para, 
or to sell the freehold. The estate embraces 170,000 acres, and 
is claimed to be producing about 150 tons of Para rubber per 
year. This is an English company, successor to the Rubber 
Estates of Para, Limited, formed in 1898. [See The India 
Rubber World, February i. 1905— page 151.] 



An Assam Planter Investigates. — Mr. Thomas More, 
manager of the Jokai Tea Co., of Assam, has been in Ceylon 
during the last week inspecting some of the well known rub- 
ber estates. He has returned from a visit to Kalutara, and to- 
day went up to Matale. On the 26th proximo he will leave by 
the P. & O. steamer for the Malay States, where, it is said, he 
will buy rubber land for a syndicate that has ^20.000 to lay out 
on rubber estates. — The Times of Ceylon. August ig. 



Testing Rubber Gloves. — A correspondent of the Electrical 
Review (London) writes : " It may be of interest to some of 
your readers for me to say that in testing rubber gloves I 
have found by inflating them with air, and then putting them 
under water, I have discovered very many small holes in new 
ones which would otherwise have been impossible to find. 
Quite recently I had to reject 24 per cent, out of a batch of 
new ones." 



98 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^VORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



Sale uf Rubber Lands. — The government in Ceylon has 
been selling at public auction a number of lots of crown lands 
said to be suitable for rubber planting. At Kalutara on August 
17 the Lanka Rubber Co. purchased 203 acres of such land for 
16,300 rupees [= $5,287,72], being an average of $26.05 go't^ P^f 
acre. The total sales for the day amounted to 21,236 rupees 
[= $5,888.96]. One lot of 14 acres was purchased in behalf of 
a Colonel Cox of Scotland — a fact indicating that Kalutara's 
fame as a rubber country has traveled far. Mention is made of 
the purchase by Colombo parties, in Moneragalla, of about 619 
acres of land fully planted with tea, to be devoted to rubber, 
for 65,000 rupees [ = $21,087], or about $34,07 per acre. 



A TELEGRAM in the Pittsburgh Dispatch reports the filing at 
SteubenviUe, Ohio, of eight suits, by Edward Nicholson and 
others of that city, against the Vera Cruz Development Co., of 
Canton, Ohio, and its officers, directors, and special agents, 
alleging that improper representation had been made to induce 
them to invest money in the company's "La Esmeralda" 
sugar and rubber plantation, in Mexico. This company was 
mentioned in The India Rubber World, January i, 1902 
(page 104), as having been organized under Arizona laws, in 
July, 1901, with $1,000,000 capital authorized, by leading citi- 
zens of Canton, and offering to sell shares on the installment 
plan. 



REVIEW OF THE CRUDE RUBBER MARKET. 



RUBBER prices are higher for practically all the grades 
for which quotations are given on this page. The first 
four months of the Amazon rubber season (beginning 
July I ) showed a gain over the figuresof former years for 
the same months, but the receipts for November were smaller 
than for two years past, which fact has tended to offset the 
hopes which prevailed earlier in the season of an increased 
crop in resulting lower prices. The beginning of the rubber 
tapping season is dependent upon conditions of weather and 
water, in the rivers, and larger returns early in the year do not 
necessarily indicate an increased production, but only that the 
rubber tappers have got to work at an earlier date, or that con- 
ditions of transportation have been more favorable. It cannot 
be too often pointed out that any increase in the production of 
Para rubber must be slight and very gradual, for the reason 
that the working force available is at all times limited and can 
be added to very slowly. 

From all indications the demand for rubber of all grades is 
well sustained and likely to continue so indefinitely. With re- 
gard to the very important demand for rubber in the footwear 
trade, it may be noted that weather conditions so far in the 
United States have not been favorable to the distribution of 
the product among consumers, who naturally do not invest in 
rubber boots and shoes until the snow flies. At the same time 
however, manufacturers and jobbers count on the average de- 
mand for rubber footwear every winter, and it is only in excep- 
tional cases that a winter ends without an increased demand for 
goods in this class. If the winter now opening should prove 
to be less favorable to the rubber footwear trade than usual, 
the effect upon the crude rubber market would not be felt until 
next spring, when the amount of unsold stock came to be in- 
ventoried. 

As shown on another page, the November Antwerp sale re- 
sulted in considerably larger prices being realized than were an- 
ticipated, and the effect has been shown in a definite advance 
in all grades of African rubbers. 

Receipts at Par4-(including Caucho) since the beginning of 
the crop season have been as follows : 

1902. 1903. 1904. 1905. 

July tons I2Q0 liSo 1250 1450 

August 1370 1230 1260 1300 

September 1670 2010 1780 2200 

October 2280 2440 2820 3580 

November 2650 29S0 2800 02655 

Total 9260 9940 9910 11,185 

\a — To November 28.] 

Following is a statement of prices of Pard grades, one year 
ago, one month ago, and on November 30 — the current date : 

PARA. December I, '04. November 1, '05. November 30. 
Islands, fine, new I25@I26 118(8119 ii9@i2o 



Islands, fine, old none here none here none here 

Upriver, fine, new I2g@l30 I2i@i22 1225(21231 

Upriver, fine, old none here 132(0)133 none here 

Islands, coarse, new ^^@ 73 68@ 69 71(8 72 

Islands, coarse, old none here none here none here 

Upriver, coarse, new 96(81 q7 8g(8 90 go® 91 

Upriver, coarse, old none here none here none here 

Caucho (Peruvian) sheet 7i(g 72 ^o@ 71 73® 74 

Caucho (Peruvian) ball 82(^83 85® 86 S8@ 89 



AFRICAN. 

Sierra Leone, I stquality 101(3)102 

Massai, red ioi@io2 

Benguella 82(883 

Cameroon ball 69(^ 70 

Accra flake 26@ 27 

Lopori ball, prime Ili(2ll2 

Lopori strip, prime 94(® g5 

Madagascar, pinky g!@ 92 

Ikelemba iii(ffiii2 

Late Para cables quote : 

Per Kilo. 

Islands, fine 5$20o 

Islands, coarse 2$2oo 

Exchange, \ld. 

Last Manaos advices : 

Upriver, fine 6$ooo Upriver, coarse. 

Exchange, \^d. 



CENTRALS. 

Esmeralda, sausage. . .84 (885 

Guayaquil, strip 72 (873 

Nicaragua, scrap .. . .82 @£3 

Panama, slab 64 @65 

Mexican, scrap 82 (883 

Mexican, slab 63 (864 

Mangabeira, sheet. .. .70 ©71 
EAST INDIAN. 

Assam 95 (896 

Borneo 44 ©45 



Upriver, fine. . . 
Upriver, coarse. 



Per Kilo. 
. 6$2oo 
. 4$I00 



3I500 



NEW YORK RUBBER PRICES FOR SEPTEMBER (NEW RUBBER). 

1905. 1904. 1903. 

I.09@I.2I I.00@I.IO 

85® 91 79@ 91 

i.07(gi.i6 97(0)1.08 

59(3 67 6o@ 70 

6o(§ 66 i>\@ 68 



Upriver, fine 1.29(^1.32 

Upriver. coarse gi® 94 

Islands, fine 1.26(^1.29 

Islands, coarse 6g(<| 72 

Cameta 7i@ 74 



NEW YORK RUBBER PRICES FOR OCTOBER (NEW 



Upriver, fine 1.22(81.30 

Upriver, coarse 89® 93 

■Islands, fine i.iq@i.27 

Islands, coarse 6q@ 71 

Cameta 70@ 72 



1904. 

I.I2@t.I7 
86® 90 

l.og® 1. 14 
6i@ 65 
6i@ 65 



RUBBER). 
1903. 
i.oo@i.09 
83® 91 
g0@l.o6 
56® 68 
56® 67 



In regard to the financial situation, Albert B. Beers (broker 
in India-rubber, No. 68 William street, New York) advises us 
as follows : 

" During the first half of November there was almost no de- 

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY. 



WELL known Liverpool and reputable firm of India-rubber Merchants and 
Importers are open to buy on commission lor good American and otherwise 
act as required, etc. Address Liverpool, care of The India Rubber 
World. [813] 

HACHINERY WANTED. 



W.A.NTED. — Two roll Wa.sher, 15 X 36. State whose make and where 
it can be examined. Address Cash, care of The India Rubber World. 

[873] 



December 



«905] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



99 



mand (or paper, but towards the end of the month there has 
been some small buying by banks, rates running from iyi@b% 
per cent, according to the grade of the paper. The outlook is 
for a firm market during the near future." 

Statistics of Para 'jabber {Excluding Caucho) . 



NEW YOKK. 

Fine and 
Medium. 



Stocks, September 30. ./cm/ 
Arrivals. October 



251 

742 



Coarse. 
66 = 

447 = 



Total 
'90S- 

317 
1189 



Aggregating... 
Delireries. October. 



993 513 = 1506 

797 482 = 1279 



Total 
1904. 

44 
1080 

1 124 
III5 



Stocks, October 31 



196 
parA. 



31 = 227 



Total 
1903, 

97 
868 

965 
883 

82 



ENGLAND. 



1905. 1904. 1903. 
Stocks. Sept. 30. . ./o«j 477 373 240 
Arrivals, October 335o 2660 2381 



1905. 

307 

87S 



1904. 
218 
793 



1903. 
240 
995 



Aggregating 3827 

Deliveries, October .. . 3672 



3033 
2868 



2621 
2276 



Stocks, October 31 155 165 345 



1185 
875 

310 



101 1 
900 



1235 
800 

435 



World's visible supply, October 31... 
Para receipts, July i to October 31.. 
Para receipts of Caucho. snme dates.. 
Afloat from Pari to United States, October 31 



1905. '904. 1903. 

2794 1921 2372 

7B85 6611 6400 

575 499 1484 

97 t 736 700 

Afloat from Pari to Europe, October 31 1131 900 810 

Ant'Werp. 

To THE Editor of The India Rubber World : Notwith- 
standing a somewhat weaker lone for Paras, firmness prevailed 
at the Antwerp auction of October 25. and prices were about 2 
per cent, above those of the September sale. Nearly the whole 
quantity offered was disposed of — 470 tons out of 510. 

The next large sale will take place on November 22. when 529 
tons will be offered for sale. The most important lots, with 
brokers' estimations, are : 

33 tons Aruwirai .francs goo 

34 " UeI6 strips 9.20 

17 " Maringa 5.40 

15 " Aruwimi-Equateur 12.40 

16 " Mongalla strips 10.20 

30 " Upper Congo — Yakoma 11.60 

23 " Batouri 10.50 

34 " Sangha 1000 

20 " Congo M'Poko 11.50 

C. SCHMID .1 CO. SUCCESSEURS 
Antwerp, November 17, 1905. 

[Cable advices received at New York indicate a considerable 
advance on the above estimations — in the case of the better 
grades as much as 4 @ 5 per cent.] 

As indicating the proportion in which the various rubber 
grades figure in the Antwerp market, thefoUowingclassification 
has been made, of the 113 lots catalogued for offer at the sale 
of November 22 : 



Rubber Scrap Prices. 

New York quotations — prices paid by consumers for carload 
lots, in cents per pound — show few changes since our last re- 
port. Shoes are slightly lower and bicycle tire scrap higher : 

Old Rubber Boots and Shoes— Domestic i'i & ^H 

Do —Foreign 7^ @ 75^ 

Pneumatic Bicycle Tires 6X(<* 6i(^ 

Solid Rubber Wagon and Carriage Tires 8j4@ SSg 

White Trimmed Rubber. .. . 9?'^ @ 9f4 

Heavy Black Rubber 5J/ @ 6 

Air Brake Hose 3 M^ @ 3/8 

Fire and Large Hose 3 @ 3,V 

Garden Hose 2 -; s @ 2 J^ 

Matting iM ® 1^2 



Kilograms. 

Congo 5.205 

Congo Kouango ... 3,801 

Congo Kasai (red) 50,867 

Congo Ka<ai (black) 10.122 

Congo Djuma 20,766 

Congo Aiima. 3.044 

Congo Sangha 41.658 

Congo Wamba 38,002 

Lower Congo 906 

Upper Congo 58,389 

502 

M54 

7,725 

17,16b 

2S9 



Upper Congo Batouri . . . 
Loango 



Upper Congo I.opori. 
Upper Congo l^opori I . . . . 
Upper Congo Lopori II.. 
Upper Congo Maringa... 
Upper Congo Isangi .... 
Upper Congo Uele 24,344 



Upper Congo Aruwimi. 
Up. Congo LakeLeopoldll 

Upper Congo Ruki 

Upper Congo Monboyo. . . 
Upper Congo Lomami . . . 
Upper Congo Mongalla . . 



70.148 
18,116 

I,OCO 

5.470 

11.668 
25.409 



Guinea niggers 

Guinea twists 

1 vory Coast , 

Congo Fraofais 

Gabon 

Congo M'Poko 

Ogooue N'Gounie 

Madagascar East Coast. . 
Madagascar Majunga 
Madagascar Majunga II. 
Madagascar Majunga III 

East African 

Tonkin 

Ceylon 

Para hard cure 

Brazil (Jtquie) 

Hahia Mangabeira 



ilograms. 

. 33.260 

578 

3.702 

475 

1,860 

, 3.040 

1,500 

20,300 

2,390 

6,300 

450 

3,000 

1 . 900 

2.500 

345 

738 

367 

7.337 
26 



Total 303.516 



ANTWERP 


R 1 1 R H F K 


'JTATISTICS irii; 


" rOBER 




Dbtails. 




.904. 


Iv .. 1 1^02. 


1901. 


Stocks, Sept. 30. *«Vo/ 
Arrivals in October. 

Congo sorts 

Other sorts 


566,735 
555,920 

39>."= 
164,808 

1,122.655 
568,172 

554,483 

4,615,168 

3.543,296 
1,071,872 

4,602,046 


804,482 
363.490 

293 9°S 
'i9 5S5 


421,858 
944.274 

8' 3 2.(0 
81,034 


456,711 
340.598 

306,228 
34.370 

797,309 
447.17" 

350.138 

4,369.518 

4.031.632 

3:,7.886 
4,434.089 


896,143 

234.635 

19'. '78 

43 457 


Aggregating... 
Sales in October 


1,167,972 
457.112 


1,366,132 
489.495 


1.130,778 
864 673 


Stocks, Oct. 31... 

Arrivals sincejan. i . 
Congo sons .. .. 
Other sorts 


710.860 

4.845.3" 

3.995 454 

849 857 


876,637 

4,726,430 

4.277.003 
449.437 

♦ .507.898 


266,105 

4,960.761 

4 574.034 

386,727 


Sales since Jan. 1 . . 


4,745.35' 


5,308,605 



RUBBER ARRIVALS AT ANTWERP. 

October 31.— By the Leopoldvilte, from the Congo : 

Bunge & Co (Societe General Africaine) kilos 90 000 

Do 

Do (Chemins de fer Grand Lacs) 

Do (Societe A B I R) 

Societe Coloniale Anversoise 

Do (Slid Kamerun) 

Do (Beige du Haul Congo) 

Do (Cie. de Lomami) 

L. & W. Van de Velde.. (Cie. du Kasai) 

Do 

M. S. Cols (Alim.i) 

Comptoir des Produits Colon iaux (Ekela Kadei Sangha) 

Charles Dethier (Societe La "M'Poko") 

Cie. Commerciale des Colonies. ..(La Haul Sangha) 

Bordeaux. 



21,000 
5,000 

30,000 
2,000 
3.000 
7.000 

11.000 

59,000 
5,000 
3,«ioo 

28,000 
8,000 

30,000 



302,000 



PRICES [francs PER KILO] NOVEMBER lO. 



Conakry niggers Il.15@ll.j5 

Soudan niggers 10.50@10.60 

Soudan twists 9.5o(«io. 

Lahou twists 9.40® g 50 

Casamance A 8. @ 8.10 

Casamance A. M 7. @ 7.30 



Lahou cakes 8. (^8.25 

Bassam lumps 6. @ 6.20 

Bassam niggers... . 850(8 9. 

Mexican 9.25(8 9.75 

Colombian scrap, 8.50@ 9. 

Marii;oba 8.8o@ 9 50 

i . HENRY. 



PARITY TABLE OF RUBBER PRICES. 



PEF 


POUND. 


PER 


<IL0. 


PER 


POUND. 


PER 


KILO. 


CKNTS. 


s. 


D. 1 


rKANCS. 

7.42 


MARKS. 


CKNTS. 


s. 


D 


FRANCS. 


HARKS. 


65 


2 


81^ 


6.02 


100 


4 


1% 


II 43 


g.26 


70 


2 


loj^ , 


8.00 


648 


105 


4 


3U 


12.00 


9.72 


75 


3 


I 


8.57 


6.95 


IIO 


4 


b'4 


12.51 


10.19 


80 


3 


^%. ' 


9 14 


7-41 


115 


4 


m 


I3I4 


10.65 


85 


3 


5^8 


9/0 


7.87 


120 


4 


"^ 


1370 


II. 13 


90 


3 


HH 


10 29 


8.33 


125 


5 


iH 


14.28 


11.58 


95 


3 


II 


10.84 


8.80 


130 


5 


4.^ 


14.85 


12.04 



100 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^VORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



London. 
Edward Till & Co. report stocks [November i] : 

1905- 1904 

f Para sorts tons — — 

I Borneo 43 

London \ Assam and Rangoon. . . 50 

I I'enang 345 

(^ Other sorts 197 



Total 635 



Para. 



311 



30 


20 


4 


4 


4q8 


1 99 


532 


223 


III 


435 


140 
524 


5' 

476 


1307 
1666 


I185 
866 


1508 


1564 



Liverpool ^ Caucho 59 

( Other sorts 367 

Total, United Kingdom 1372 

Total, October i 1489 

T0t.1l, -September i 1694 

PRICES PAID DURING OCTOBER. 

1905. 1904. >903. 

Pari fine, hard 5/ 2;<@5/ aj^ 4/ 9^@4/ll% 4/ 2M&^/ 8 

no soft 5/ 2 @5/ 5>2 4/ 8K@4/ioJ^4/ o%m/ 1% 

Negroheads, scrappy. .3/ ©3/10;+ 3/ 85^(0,3/ 9J4 3/ 5 ©3/ SJ^ 

Do Cameta.2/ii34'@3/ i 2/ 8"4@2/ gM" 2/ 5M'@2/io,"4' 

Bolivian 5/ aJ^Cffj/ 5^^ 4/10 @4/ii No sales 

Caucho.ball 3/ SM'Os/ 9>4 3/ 3 @3/ 5 3/5 ®i/ 1% 

Do slab 3/ l>4@3/ 2 2/ 9j^@2/ioJ^ 2/ 9 @2/ioJ^ 

Do tails 3/ 3;4' 2/ 9 @3/ No sales 

LilJerpool. 

Edmund Schluter & Co. report [October 31] : 
Paid Rubber. — The market has been moderately active during the 
month, without much pressure to sell, but at gradually lower prices fol- 
lowing the large receipts at Manaos and Paia. The increa e of about 
20 per cent, in the supplies during the first four months of the season is 
in excess of actual requirements, and if continued in evenly smaller pro- 
portions will tend to bring about a further decline. 

world's visible supply of paras, October 31. 

1905. >9^4- >903. 1902. Igor. 

Tons 2970 2207 2457 3049 2987 

Prices, hard fine 5/2I/2 5/- 4/2 >^ 3/3 j^ 3/bl^ 

LIVERPOOL STOCKS OF AFRICAN RUBBER, OCTOBER 3I. 

■905 246 1902 547 1899 547 

1904 401 I901 673 1S98 494 

1903 235 1900 789 1897 337 

Rubber Receipts at Manaos. 

DuRiNc; October and four months of the crop season for 
three years [courtesy of Messrs. Scholz & Co.] : 



^''°"- -905. 

Rio Purus — Acre torn 706 

Rio Madeira 152 

Kio Jurua 301 

Kio Javary — Iquitos. . .. 443 

Kio Solimues 120 

Rio Negro 6 



October. 
1904. 1903. 



288 

361 
190 

575 
72 
15 



Total... 
Caucho. 



1728 1501 

129 116 



215 

254 
158 
581 

99 
2 

1309 

87 



Jul V -October. 
1905. 1904. 1903, 

I197 
1033 

405 

856 

114 
I8 



1873 
93S 
617 

1007 
330 

12 



IIOI 

1009 

414 

766 

183 

17 



4777 3623 3490 
527 334 428 



Total 1857 1617 1396 5304 3957 39l8 

"Para. 

K ANTHACK & Co. report ( November 11]: 

The late dullness prevailing at the consuming centers was to some 
e.xtent reflected in the attitude of this market by want of animation, but 
although business was not active, its volume was quite satisfactory, com- 
prising nearly all arrivals. Values which on various occasions threat- 
ened to give way were thereby kept fairly firm and have recently 
improved in consequence of better news from the home markets. 

Referring to the loss of 210 tons of rubber by the sinking of the 
steamer Cyril on ihe Amazon [see The India Rubber World, Novem- 
ber I. 1905 — page 45J, Messrs. Booth & Co. advise us: " We are ad- 
vised from Liverpool, under date of November i, that they have suc- 
ceeded in salving 254 cases of Cyril's rubber and also loose rubber equal 



to about 30 cases in volume." New York Commercial Co. report : 

" We received a cable from our Para house on the 8th instant advising 
that of the Cyril lost rubber there were 100 tons of Rubber recovered — 
that is, line, medium, and coarse — and 16 tons of Caucho, and these 1 16 
tons were being forwarded to Europe. This leaves a shortage of 94 tons, 
which will probably be recovered later." 

Ceylon Exports {'Plantation Rubber). 

DETAILS— BY WEEKS. 



Pounds. 

January i to Aug. 21 69.047 

Week ending Aug 28 3,789 

Week ending Sept. 4 1.752 

Week ending Sept. 11.... 4.321 
Week ending Sept. 18.... 5,499 
Week ending .Sept. 25 . . . 2,602 
Week ending Oct. 2.. .. 2,085 



Poinds. 

Week ending Oct. 9 4,728 

Week ending Oct. 16 10,403 

Week ending Oct. 23 2,830 



Total to Oct. 23 107,056 

Same period, 1904 52,612 

Same period, 1903 32,237 



DESTINATION. 



United States 6,504 

Australia 1,152 

Holland 125 



Great Britain 77,625 

Germany 16,034 

Belgium 5,595 

Gutta-Percha ■ 

The latest report by the German consul at Singapore reports 
the movement of Gutta-percha in that market as follows, from 
which it may be inferred that the volume of the commodity 
increased very considerably while in storethere [i pikul=;i33>^ 

pounds]: 

1903 1904 

Imports... ....' pikuh 35,695 12,666.9 

Exports 25,661 27,373.9 



Excess of Exports 9,966 

Value of Imports [in Straits Dollars] 

Value of E.xports 



14,707. 

1904 

$1,699,640 

3, 003.022 



Excess Value Exports $1 ,303,382 

IMPORTS FROM PARA AT NEW YORK. 



( Tht Fi£u 

November 3. — By the 



Importbrs. 
New York Commercial Co. 

Poel & Arnold 

A. T. Morse & Co 

Neale & Co 

General Rubber Co 

Hagemeyer & Brunn 

Constantine P. San Tos.. 
Lionel Ilagenaers & Co. . 
Edmund Reeks & Co 



ris Indicate Weights in Pounds,\ 

sleamer Jus/ill, from Manaos and 

Fine. Medium. Coarse. Caucho. 
. 176,400 23,700 84,000 11,700= 
131,800 25,500 121,600 600 = 
95,200 14,600 73 400 



51,000 

18,500 

16, goo 

8,000 

5.800 



4,400 
1,400 
1,200 

300 



66,300 
13,300 
7,100 
3.900 
5,400 
1,900 



Para: 

Total. 

295,800 

279,500 

183,200 

66,300 

48,700 

27,000 

22,000 

13,400 

8,000 



Total 483,600 71,100376,90012,300= 943,900 

November 15. — By the steamer Ctarense, from Manaos and Para : 



New York Commercial Co. 226,400 

Poel & Arnold 205,600 

A. T.Morse & Co 85,400 

General Rubber Co 36,500 

Edmund Reeks & Co ... . 44,600 

Neale&Co .... 

Lionel Hagenaers & Co. . 23,700 
Hagemeyer & Brunn. . . . .... 



31.400 

51,900 

6,300 

3,600 

2,000 



101,600 
9^,700 
40,800 
47,700 
23,100 
32.200 
2,200 
4,800 



1,600= 
1,400= 

10,500= 
300= 



Total.. .... 622,200 95.200 348,100 1 

November 24. — By the steamer Grangense., from M 



Poel & Arnold 139,900 

New York Commercial Co. 103,600 

A. T. Morse & Co 100,200 

General Rubber Co 28,300 

Neale&Co 

Hagemeyer & Brunn 15600 

Constantine P. San Tos.. 14,200 

Edmumd Reeks & Co 15,700 

Lionel Hagenaers & Co. . . 6,700 



33,100 

13,500 

24,800 

7,500 



1,900 
5.000 
3,600 



43,600 

50,400 

25,800 

45,200 

65,700 

39.500 

6,700 

1,700 

1,200 



3,800= 
araos a 
2,400 = 
3,600= 
800= 



300= 



361,000 

354,600 

143,000 

88,100 

69,700 

32,200 

25,900 

4,800 

1,079,300 
nd Para : 
219,000 
171,100 
151, 600 
81,000 
65,700 
57.000 
26,200 
21,000 
7,900 



Total 424,200 89,400279,800 7,100= 800,500 

[Note.— The steamer Ihisi/, from ParS, is due at New York, December 4, 
with 440 tons Rubber. 1 



December i , 1905. J 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



101 



PARA RUBBKR via EUROPE. 

POUNDS 

Oct'. M— By tlie iioi!ic= Liverpool: 
Poal&Arnoia (Caucho) 70,000 

Nov. 13.— By the .iyanic,is=Ciudad, Bolivar: 

Tliebaud Brolliers (Fine) 2,000 

XUebaud Brothers (Coarse) :i,000 4.O0O 

Nov. 17.— By the //ai)aMa=Molleudo: 

Boston & Bolivia Co. (l'"lne..) 2,000 

Bo.itoii & liolivia Co. (Coarse) 1,600 

A. I). Illlch & Co{Fliie) 1,500 

A. I). Ilitcli iS Co. (Coarse) 600 r,.M\» 

Nov. 20. —By the Cnro ?iin= Liverpool: 
PoelSi Arnold (Coarse) 70,000 

Nov. 22. —By the (3eor(;ic= Liverpool: 
Poel & Arnold (Coarse) 7,000 

OTHER ARRIVALS ATNEW YORK. 

CENTRALS. 

POUNDS. 

Oct. 25.— By the Sai-nia= Colombia: 

G. Amslnck &C0 6,500 

Andreas & Co 2,OiiO 

Schulte *i (ilescher l,f.oo 

American TradluK Co 000 

Isaac Brantlon & Bros 500 

Koklan & Van Sickle 500 10.500 

Oct 2").— By the Ex('eI«ioc= New Orleans : 

ERKersA Heiuleln 3.500 

Oct, 28.— By the 2''mance= Colon : 

Hlrzel. FeltmanA Co 19 000 

Ct. Ainslnck A Co 4,900 

Lawrence Johnson & Co 3,3oo 

Dninaresl Bros. «(Co 3.600 

A.Santos&Co 2.700 

Itoldan & Van Sickle 2,G(I0 

Isaac Brandon & Bros 1,400 

Mecke & Co 600 

M:inn & Kiiidon 700 38,700 

Oct. 28.— By the El A'or(e=Galveston : 
Continental Mexican Co 10,300 

Oct. 28.— By the {leguranca=J/lexlco: 

H. Mar(iiiHrdt & Co 1,500 

K. Stelger &C0 1,000 

W. Lo;uza & Co 700 3,200 

Nov. 2.— By the Graf TraIdersee=Hanibur(;: 
General HubberCo 20,000 

Nov.2.— By the Ore?»a(}a=0Uidad Bolivar: 

Thebaud Brothers 33.0no 

Friih, Sands & Co 30,000 

iMIddleton & Co 2,t00 G5,.')00 

Nov. 2.— By the jliJei;?ia«!/=CoIombla : 

(lould&Co 2,.W0 

A. M.CapensSnns 2.000 

Issac Brandon & Bros I.oOo 

G. Anisinek & Co 1,500 

Banco de Kxportasos 81)0 

American Trading Co 1,000 

HenrysSons A (;o 1,000 

1). A. l)eLima& Co 700 

Lanraan & Kemp coo 

Pedro A. Lopez 600 I2,20l1 

Nov. 3.— By theiJ(oGrande=MobiIe: 
A.T. Morse&Co 6,500 

Nov. 4,— By the C>ri2a()a=Tamplco: 
Kuropean Account 56,000 

Nov.4.— By the Tuc, «nn=Mexleo: 

Harhurger& stack 3,300 

H. Marqnardt&Co 1,500 

Frederick Probst & Co I.OdO 

E. Stelrer&Co 70n 

American Trading Co 500 7,000 

Nov. C— By lhe4d«ance=Colon: 

Htrzel, Feltman & Co 1C.500 

Piza, Nephews & Co 1,300 

Lawrence Johnson & Co 500 18,300 

N<pv. ii.— By the rnHiiin(7=Babia: 

.1. II. Kossbach & Bros.. 25.000 

American tdmmercial Co e.wn 

llirseli & Kaiser 5,000 

(ieorge A. Alden&Co 2.200 

Lawrence Johnson & Co I,."i00 40,200 

Nov. 0.- By the .4((tmo=Mobile: 

Manhattan Rubber Mfg Co 2,ooo 

A. T. Morse & Co 1.530 3,500 

Nov. 9.— By the Carib 7/=Truxillo : 

Eggers & Helnlein 1.5.000 

H. W.Peabody &Co 2,000 

G. Amslnck&Co 1,100 



CENTRA LS-OontinueU. 



liorthlnK* DeLeon 

Graham, Hlnkley£ Co.. 



000 

.')00 19.200 



Nov, 9.— By the.Si/)(!rt<i=Colombla: 

(!. Amsliick Hi Co ]^000 

Kolilan Jt Van Sickle 1)200 

Lliido Brothers 1,200 

A. I). Straus Jt Co '500 

ICuuhardt&Co 500 

American Trading Co 600 6,000 

Nov. 10.— By the £tr;)cranza=Mexlco: 

llarburger & Stack 2.6OO 

stnilifA Ullze 1,500 

K. Stslger* 1:0 i,.50O 

Graham, lllnkley ACo i.t.oo 

Thebaud Brothers 700 7,200 

Nov. 10.— By the 3Iexico=CoU>n : 

Lawrence Johnsons Co 

(t. Amsiuck &Co 

HIrzel, Feltman &Co 

K. B. Stront 

KoUlan St Van Sickle 

Unmarest BroB.& Co 

American Trading Co 

.1 A. Medina &Co 

Sllva, Busseniusdi Co 

A. Santos «i Co 



9.200 
5000 
4.000 
3.800 
2.400 
2,000 
1,1300 
l.GOO 
700 
700 



31,000 



Nov. 14.— By the /■>anip08a»=Moblle: 

G. Amslnck & Co 2,000 

A. T. Morse Jt: Co 1.6OO 

E. B. Strout ... 500 4,000 

Nov. 14.— By the j!«ai=Costa Rica: 

Isaac Brandon & Bros 2.000 

Commeri'l il Coitez 2,000 

Roldan & Van Sickle 1,200 

A I). Strauss & Co 800 

Banco de Kxportasos 500 6,.500 

Nov. l."i.— By the City of H'ns/ijnfffojtsMexico: 

Harburger& Stack 1,600 

.American Trading Co 600 

European Account 50,000 ,52,01)0 

Nov. 16 —By the Canicoi«=Bahia 

Hlrscli& Kaiser 17.000 

American CommercialCo 6,000 23,000 

Nov. 16.— By E?A'or/6= Galveston: 
Continental Mexican Co 18,500 

Nov. 17.— By the ;frtra)m=Colon ; 

Ulrzel,' Feltman A Co 17,000 

VV. R. (Jraco & Co 3,700 20.700 

Nov. 18.— By the Vigilancia=Mex\co : 

n. Marijuardt SCO 2.200 

Thebaud Brothers 2,000 4,200 

Nov. 20.— By the El Rio = Galveston: 
Continental Mexican Co . 13,500 

Nov. 20.— By the TcH»!/.'«m=Babia : 

HIrsch & Kaiser 17.000 

American Commercial Co 8.500 

Lawrence Johnson & Co 3,500 24 000 

Nov. 21.— By the Rio «ronde=MoblIe: 

G.AmsinckftCo 13,500 

.Manhattan Rubber Mfg. Co o.ono 

A.T M()rse*Co S,.'j00 

A.N.Rotbolz 8.000 39,000 

Nov. 22— By the Sarnia=Colombla: 

Daniel Javour Bros 2.(00 

Banco de Exuoitasos 1,600 

Kunhardt & Co 1,100 

Mecke & Co 700 

Commercial Cortez 6110 

G. Amsinck & Co .500 

Isaac Brandon & Bros 500 7,400 

AFRICANS. 

POUNDS. 

Oct. 24.- By the FinIn?K(= Antwerp: 
Georee A. .\lden & Co 15,000 

Oct. 25.— By the Caronin= Liverpool: 

General Rubber Co 11,500 

A. W. Brunn 9.000 20,500 

Oct. 28 —By the K|/ndam= Rotterdam: 
Poel * Arnold 8.000 

Oct. 27.— By the /'rc(ono = Hamburg: 

Poel & Arnold 33.f00 

General Uublier Co is.floo 

A.T. Morse & Co 7.000 

George A. Alden & Co 4,0iX) 63,500 

Oct. 28.— By the LHcanin=Llverpool: 
A, T, Morse & Co 10,000 



77.500 



A FRTCAlfS—Conliuuea. 

Oct. 28.— By the rentnaular^lAsboa : 
General Rubber Co 

0(:T28.--By the /vOn'a(n«=EIavre: 

(ieneral Hubber Co soono 

A. T. Morse & Co... n.ooo 34,roo 

Oct. 2a.-By the /•■r(.,-fca=Bordeaux; 
A. T. Morse S Co 17 ,nn 

Oct. 30— By the 0or(r= Liverpool : 

F R. Muller&Co ■.•.,».. 

A.W.Brunn L&00 28..'<t0 

Oct 30.— Bytbe (?a><-oi/ne^ Havre : 
A. T. Morse A Co i.-.ooo 

Nov. 2.— By the Graf ll'aldtrMosHamhnrg: 

A.T.Morse&Co 46 000 

(Jecrge A. Aiden aco n'ofio 

Poel Jt Arnold 4,000 61,000 

Nov. 3.-Byllie Cedrfc=Liverpool : 

General Rubber Co 11 0(0 

(ii-orge A. Alden & Co .' " n OOO 

A. T, .Morse «i Co 7000 

lOarle Brothers .. i.too 31,000 

Nov. B.- By the £/rur(a=: Liverpool: 

(JeorgPA Alden&Co 20.non 

A.W.Brunn 1,500 21.500 

Nov. 8.— By Ihe irrftOH{and=Antwerp: 

Poel & Arnold 5n.ooo 

.(oseph Cantor 38 OOO 

Robinson STallman 24.000 

A.T. Morse «i Co 16.000 

General Rubber Co 2500 130,500 

Nov. 8. -By Ihe .Vo(<fre=HamburK: 

Poel & A mold l.i.roo 

A.T. Morse* Co 1.3,,50n 

Rubber Trading Co 7,000 34,000 

Nov, 9.— By the l''(c/oria>i = Liverpool: 

A. T. Morse&Co n oOO 

F.RMulIer&Co lOOOO 21,000 

Nov. in —By the Baa<i;= Liverpool: 

PoeI& Arnold 22.000 

A.W.Brunn 18.000 

A.T. Morse&Co 6.500 40,600 

Nov. 11— By the Campama- Llverpo'>l: 

A.T. Morse&Co 25 0o0 

George A. Aldtn & Co 2.OCO ?7,0C0 

Nov. 18.— By the Zfe'and=Antwerp: 

George A. Alden ACo 175000 

Poel .^ Arnold 33,.5r0 

Robinson * Tallman 2^S0O 

Rubber Tradi ng Co 13,.')00 244,600 

Nov. 14.— By the Ccric- Liverpool: 

(Jenera! Rubber Co 30000 

Poel & Arnold fi.Oon 

(iCorge A. Alden &Co 3,600 39,.500 

Nov. 14.— By Ihe Pnfsdnm=Rotierdam: 
A. T. Morse & Co 16,000 

Ncv. 18.— By the iJn(friio = HambDrg: 
George A. Alden & Co l.'i.OOO 

Nov. 20.— By the Caronia=I,iverpool : 

George A. Alden & Co 24,000 

A.T.Morse&Co 11,500 35,e00 

Nov. 22.— By the Fin/n?idi: Antwerp : 
PoelA Arnold 22..':00 

Nov. 22.— By the 0<;ean(c=Llverpo.il: 

A.T. Morse&Co 11.500 

A.W.Brunn .. 5,iioo 16.500 

EAST INDIAN. 
Oct. 23.— By the CaroH in = Liverpool. 
Poel£ArDOld 11,000 

Oct. 30.— By the iVcui roifc=London: 

PoetA Arnold ... 13 000 

H. W. Peabody Jt Co 2.C00 16,000 

Nov. 3.— By Ihe rndrauHidi=Slngapore: 

Winter & Smillie 17.000 

Heabler&Co 30.000 

AT. Morse A Co 11.000 

Robert BranssS Co.. 11,500 69,.-.00 

Nov. 8 —By the S/itnio8a=8lngapore: 

Pierre T. Bolts 7,000 

F. R. Muller & Co 5600 12,600 



102 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^A^ORLD 



[December i, 1905. 



EAST IXDTAy—Ountinutd. 

Nov. 8.— By the Trifel8=Co\omho: 
George A. Alden tt Co 3,00o 

Nov: 8.— By the rcddo=Slagapoie: 

Poel & Arnold 8S.00O 

A. T. Morse * Co 17,000 105,000 

Nov. 13.— By the 3Iinnelunl<a=LoDdoD: 

(ieorge A. Allien & Co 13.500 

I>oeli£ Arnold ii.sciO 

A. T.Morse £ Co 2.000 18,000 

GUTTA-JKLUTONO. 

Oct. 24.— By the KeronasSlngapore: 

Ileabler & Co KW ooo 

Winter*; SmiUle 56,000 l.-iG.OOO 

Nov. 3 —By the 7ndraii'(idi=Sing%pore: 

Robert T. Bran5S& Co 2i0.000 

Heabler&Co 210.000 

George A. Alden & Co 150.000 B80.00O 

Nov. 8.— By the r«dd')=SICBapore: 

Poel & Arnold 1,^5,000 

Flerre T. Belts 60 215,000 

Nov. 8.— By the 6'ftimota=SlDgapore: 

F. B. MullerSi Co 190 000 

Pierre T. Belts 170 000 360,000 

GUTTA-PERCHA AND B A L A T A. 

POUMl,S. 

Oct. 27.— By Ihe i'/«<ciria=Hamluirg 
ToOrder 6,500 

Nov. 2.— By the Oraf n'a(ders«c= Hamburg: 
To Order lO.OOo 

Nov. 3. —By the 7ndrowadt=Slngapore: 
Heabler & Co 25,ooo 

Nov. 8.— By the Sh(mosa=Slngapore: 
Winter* SmilUe 11.500 

Nov. S.— By the i}o<ama= Hamburg : 

ToOrder 500 

Beabler.bCo 2,.'i00 9,000 



OOTTA-PERCHA AND BALATA-ConUnued, 

BALATA. 

Oct. 28.— By the I,i«;(mia=Llverpool: 
Henry A. (Jould Co .. . 5,500 

Oct. 30 —By the Jlfinn«)i/r/ia= London : 
Earle Brothers 9,000 

Nov. 4.— By the Piins WiUcm =Surlnam : 

European Account 15.000 

U.Amsinck&Co T,Oou 2a,000 

Nov. 13.— By the Mi?uieton;fa=Loudon: 

F. K. MuUer&Co 5.500 

A.W.Brunn 2,000 7,500 

Nov. 13.— i5y the iUanica»=Culdad Bolivar: 

Middleton&Co 11.500 

Tliebaud Brothers 6.000 

European Account 95 000 112.500 

CUSTOM HOUSE STATISTICS. 

PORT OF NEW YORK-OCTOBER. 
Importi : pounds. value. 

India-rubber 4,601.407 J3,664,572 

Guttapercha i&.m\ 15,144 

Guttajelutong(Pontianak) .. 1.714,039 60.498 

Total «.354,037 13,740,214 

Export! : 

India-rubber .ss.obg } 63.932 

Keclalmed rubber 278,s.">S 82,891 

RubberScrap Imported 1,667,656 $113,003 

BOSTON ARRIVALS. 

POUNDS. 

Sk.tt. ,5.— By the Lancastrian=LOBion: 
George A. Alden & Co. -E»st Indian. 4,206 

Sept. 5.— By the K<pui)(ic= Liverpool: 
Pi,el .t Arnold— African ii 343 



SOSTOy A RRIVA LS- Omtinued. 

Sept. 7.— By the noben/6l«=Caleutta: 
George A. Alden & Co.— East IridlKn. l,20l 

Sept. 8.— By the lietlw)iia = U«mb\irR -. 
George A . Alden & Co.— Kasl I nd ian 2.314 

Sept. 13— By the /{'//ieni((;n = Llverpool: 
ToOrder— East Itdian* 20 

Sept. 13.— By the tVs<rf(m=Llverpool : 
George A. Alden & Co -African.. .. 2.158 

Sept. 14.— By the Ciimric= Liverpool : 
To Order— East Indian* 620 

Sept. lii —By the .4 rabjc= Liverpool: 
.1. E. Odell— African 8,8 6 

Sept 19.— By the .4raWc= Liverpool: 
ToOrder— East Indian* 2.52 

Sf.pt. 21.— By the Canadian= Liverpool : 
ToO.-der— EastlndlsL* 280 

Sept. 21.— By ihe &'(/IcajiJa=Llverpool: 
To Order— East Indian* 291 

Sept. 21.— By the /re)'nta=Llverpool: 
ToOrder— East Indian* . 158 

Sept. 20 —By the K'rooK(and=Antwerp: 
George A. Alden & Co.— African 42.870 

[Reported in New York arrivals September ii.] 

Sept. 26.— Bythe Det'Ortian=Llverpool ; 
To Older— East Indiau* 294 

Sept. 27.— By the Liero»iaii=Liverrool; 
George A. Alden & Co.— Ceniral 22,872 

Sept. 30.— By the S(/ii'aiiia= Liverpool: 
ToOrder— East ludlai.* 179 

Total 97,604 

[Value, $W.373.] 

*[NoTE, — These items aie ucdersiood to have been 
mainly samples of Ceylon or Straits plantation rubber.l 



OFFICIAL STATISTICS OF CRUDE INDIA-RUBBER (in Pounds). 



UNITED STATES. 


GREAT BRITAIN. 


MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPOKTS. 


NET IMPORTS. 


MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS. 


September, 1905 


4.967,194 
44.709,074 


304,173 
2,052,652 


4,663,021 
42,656.422 




4.177.264 
42,288,960 


2,513.952 
23,085,440 


1,663,312 
19,203,520 






t Nine months, 1905 

Nine months, 1904 

Nine months. 1903 


Nine months, 1905 

Nine months, 1904 

Nine months, 1903 


49.676. 26S 

44.553.345 
42,898.398 


2,356.825 
2,586,325 
2,583.197 


47,319,443 
41,967,845 
40,315.201 


46,466,224 
41,722,016 

30.249. 168 


25,599.392 
24,239,158 
28.000.592 


20,866,832 
17,482.858 
10.348.576 



GERMANY. 








ITALY. 






MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


netimports. 


MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS, 


NETIMPORTS. 


September, 1905 

January- August 


4,104,980 
29,686,140 


2,369.180 
10,169,720 

12,538,900 
7,302,900 
8.873,040 


1.735,800 
19.516,420 


September, 1905 


84,700 
1,159.400 


4.400 
218,020 


80,300 
941,380 


January- August 

Nine months, 1905 

Nine months, 1904 

Nine months. 1903 


Nine months, 1905 

Nine months, 1904 

Nine months, 1903 


33.791,120 
26,602.840 
25,848,020 


21,252,220 
19.299,940 
16,974,980 


1,244,100 
1,128,160 
1,117.820 


222,420 

77.440 
123.420 


1,021,680 
1,050.720 

9Q4.40O 



FRANCE.* 


AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. 


MONTHS, 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS. 


MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS. 


September, 1905 

January-August 


1,009,360 
18,173.540 


1,402,060 
10,788,580 


[1392,700] 
7,384,960 


September, 1905 


287.100 
1,988,580 


440 
21,340 

21,780 
16,280 
20,460 


286.660 
1,967,240 


Nine months, 1905 

Nine months, 1904 

Nine months. 1903 


Nine months, 1905 

Nine months, 1904 

Nine months, 1903 


19.182,900 
15,903,360 
11,754.160 


12,190,640 
8,638,740 
6,826,600 


6,992,260 
7,264,620 
4.927,560 


2,275,680 
2,095,940 
2.137,080 


2,253,900 
2.079,660 
2.116,620 



B E L G I U M . 1 






MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS. 


September 1905 


1,187,674 
11,765,630 


1,236,272 

8,256,674 


[t48,598] 
3,508,956 


January-August 


Nine months, 1905 .' 

Nine months, 1904 

Nine months, 1903 


12,953,304 
13,849.457 
11,405,094 


9,492,946 

11,097,046 

9,326,697 


3,460.358 
2,752,411 
2,078,397 



Note. — German statistics include Gutta-percha, Batata, 
old (waste) rubber, and substitutes. British figures include 
old rubber. French, Austrian, and Italian figures include 
Gutta-percha. The exports from the United States embrace 
the supplies for Canadian consumption. 

• General Commerce. + Special Commerce, t Net Export. 



December i, 1905.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



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[December i, 1905. 



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THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



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Janiarv I, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



103 





THE STATE OF THE TRADE. 



''mi 



Wl^ 



FobUshed on the Ist of each Month b; 

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No. 150 NASSAU ST.. NEW YORK. 



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Vol. 33. 



JANUARY 1. 1906. 



No. 4. 



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COPYRIGHT, 1905, BY 

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TABLE: OF CONTENTS. 

PAOK. 

Editorial: 

Tin- State of tile Trade 103 

Kubber Slavery in tile COUKO \0^ 

Larue Yield Iroin Planted i;nbt)er 104 

Wailied Kubber from tue Fai East 101 

•• Working Out of It" 105 

Minor Editorial I»6 

Obituary 106 

[With Portrait of William E. Page.l 

Rub'ier Tapping on Kepitigalla Estate IvorEtheringtnn 107 

[Methods and Results on an Important Plantation of flevea in Ceylon.] 
[With 7 Illustrations ] 

Planting 'Ceara" Rubber in Colombia HmryG. Granger 112 

The Def nee of the Congo Administration 113 

[Report of the Committee on Enquiry Appointed by King Leopold to 
Consider Alleged Abuses in the Congo Free State.] 
[With Poitrait of Leopold II.) 

The India-Rubber Trade in Great Britain. Our Rcaular CorrtuffviUnt 115 
[The Stanley Show. Solubility 'of Rubber in Benzine. Messrs. (I. H. 
Scott lit C«». Mr. Hancock Nunn. Golf Ball Rubber. War Othcc Tape. 
Daniels's Packing:. Waste Rubber Valuation. Rubber Absurdities. 
Dunlop ReorKanization. Rubber in Peru. Mr. Coop?.] 

Rubber Planting Interests 117 

[IJorneo. Jain.iica. Costa Rica. Ceylon. ",Camp Pearson."] 

India-Rubber Goods in Commerce 118 

Recent Rubber Patents 119 

[L'nited States. Great Britain. France.] 

Official Statistics of India-rubber and Gutta-Percha 122 

[Fo. the L'nited States Fiscal Year 191^4-05.] 

Rubber Interests in Europe 123 

[Recovery from the Fire at Harburg- Improved Profits of the Silvertown 
Company. The Continental Rubber Works. Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre 
Co , Limited. The- Dunlop Company in Liberian Rubber Rubber 
Workers' Strike at Munich. An Old German Rubber Factory.] 
[With I Illustration.] 

Tires at the Olympia Rubber Show 125 

[With 3 Illustrations of E.xhibits.] 

New Goods and Specialties in Rubber 127 

[ Two Attractive Novelties in Matting. Novel Perfumery Bottle. New 

Tennis Sole From Cana-^a Dr. Tullar's Family Syringe. Two Newr 

PacVings. Goodrich Circular Eraser. The " Tube Core " Golf Ball. 

Rubber Teapot Spout. Air Cushion Typewriter Feet.] 

[With 8 Illustrations ] 

Uiscellaneous : 

-The Editor's Book Table lO.'i 

Kclio of a Swindle in Kubber I06 

Dr. Escli on Oastilloa Kiibbers 117 

, Rubber on the steamer Amerika. (/(Ins(rafcd) 118 

' Kubber Coin Mat Novelties 11« 

Balloons in the Weather Servl.^e 118 

Why Do Business Without a Profit ? vn 

Air Brake dose on FrelRht Trains ISI 

The Stanley Cycle Show 1.;» 

Kubber Development in Peru IM 

Facts About Colorado 128 

The (iuaynle F.ictory at Torreon I2» 

News of the American Rubber Trade 129 

[With I Illustration.] 

The Kubber Trade in Akron Our Correspondent 1.38 

Review of the Crude Rubber Market 136 



T T is the custom of many trade journals at this season to 
I^resent a review for the year just closed of business 
conditions in their respective fields, with perhaps an at- 
tempt to outline the course of trade for some time ahead. 
Such summaries often are of interest, and doubtless serve 
a good purpose, just as does the periodical balancing of 
books or taking account of stock by the individual mer- 
chant or manufacturer. Hut the close of a calendar year 
presents no special reason for attempting a review of the 
India-rubber industry, which is diversified in so many 
branches, with business years terminating at different 
dates. The rubber shoe season, for example, is at its mid- 
dle about January i, and the results of the winter's trad- 
ing impossible to estimate until the close of winter. 

\\. the same time, the interruption in business which 
comes every year with the holiday week gives to every 
business man an opportunity to consider with what measure 
of success his efforts during the year have been crowned. 
If a comparison of all branches of trade, one with another, 
could be made, it doubtless would be found that rubber 
has more than held its own for the past twelvemonth, if, 
indeed, it has not done better than many other branches, 
though this has been a period of general prosperity in the 
United States and in the greater part of the commercial 
world. 

Never before has the demand for rubber goods been so 
great, or the consumption so large. Never before has 
rubber entered on an important scale into so many uses. 
Many manufacturers, it is true, have felt handicapped by 
higher prices for raw materials than in the past, but raw 
rubber has been high priced because of an unprecedented 
call for rubber goods, and when a pressing demand exists 
for manufactures the producer is better able to dictate 
prices than when the market is over supplied. Still, there 
are limits to prices which the rubber manufacturer cannot 
overleap, and the situation of late has constrained him to 
put forth his best efforts to improve his processes and 
methods, to lessen the cost of products, to the end that 
marked advancement is being made in the industry. This 
has been distinctly a period of progress in rubber work- 
ing, such as does not occur in periods of dullness 

The situation in the rubber industry, to all appearances, 
is healthful ; on the whole the business continues profit- 
able ; there is every indication that the new year will dup- 
licate the record of that just closed. Every sign for the 
future is encouraging — for the energetic, enterprising, 
progressive rubber manufacturer, who has mastered his 
business, is properly equipped with capital, and possesses 
good judgment. These qualifications should command 
success in any business, but nowhere, we take it, more cer- 
tainly than in rubber at this period. 



RUBBER SLAVERY IN THE CONGO. 



TH E high commission appointed by the king of the Bel- 
gians to inquire into conditions in the Congo Free 
State has produced a report which, while admitting that in 



104 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



some cases natives have been treated with harshness and 
injustice, strives to absolve the state authorities from 
direct responsibility for any wrong. No doubt many of 
the reports of cruelty have been exaggerated ; it is diffi- 
cult anywhere to gain the exact facts in regard to any oc- 
currence, and this difficulty is increased when so many per- 
sons, remote from the Congo regions, each biased by some 
particular interest — philanthropic, political, or commer- 
cial — have been ready to lend a ready ear to every rumor 
that seemed to support their preconceived views with re- 
gard to conditions there. 

But the Congolese natives have gathered immense quan- 
tities or rubber, as all the world knows ; began all of a 
sudden to gather it, to the practical exclusion of every 
other interest, and in the face of increasing difficulties in 
the way of gaining a given amount in a given time ; and 
without any sort of tangible return, such as might be sup- 
posed to tempt uncivilized natives, not before addicted to 
industry, to change their natures in this regard. What 
made them do it ' Compulsion, the report admits. At 
whose hands? The traders', operating in the Congo only 
with the consent of the State, which shares largely in the 
profits as the price of granting trading monopolies. 

Can you, the reader, buy rubber in the territories ex- 
ploited under concessions ? Can any native sell the pro- 
duct of his labor to any but a couie<.sionaiie trader? Can 
any native refrain from gathering rubber if he prefers to 
go fishing ? Does the native get for his rubber the means 
to clothe himself better, or procure better food, or make 
his home more comfortable than before the rubber traders 
drove him into the woods to work for their benefit ? The 
commission's report affords no affirmative answer. The 
Arabs no longer sell the Congolese into slavery, the report 
does assert, but is the slavery of rubber gathering any 
better? Money has been spent in improving means of 
transportation, but is this for the uplifting of the native, or 
for the primary interest of the trading companies. 

But discussion of these questions will not check the 
reckless exhaustion of the Congo rubber supply, which 
may be expected to continue until consumers of rubber 
must look to other sources to meet their demands. When 
that time comes the traders will have made enough money 
to enable them to retire on comfortable fortunes, and the 
State, despoiled of its greatest natural wealth, will prob- 
ably not be thought worth contending for— at least until 
many more eligible regions have been more fully devel- 
oped. 

LARGE YIELD FROM PLANTED RUBBER. 



OTRANGE as it may at first appear, the actual pro- 
ductive capacity of no rubber yielding species has yet 
been subjected to tests sufficiently accurate or compre- 
hensive to lead to a determination of this really very im- 
portant question. But it must be considered that the 
greater part of the world's supply of rubber hitherto has 
been extracted from forest trees, in regions remote from 
centers of scientific research, by native races having a very 
limited intelligence. Why should a Brazilian Indian or a 



Congolese negro care to note the yield of a particular rub 
ber tree, even if he had the capacity to register it, which is 
doubtful ? .^nd why should the buyer of rubber, at a dis- 
tant trading post, care to know what one tree could be 
made to yield ? Both the gatherer of rubber and the 
trader who has him in subjection cares only for general 
results. 

It is different with the planter of rubber as a commer- 
cial proposition. But the rubber culture is yet in its in- 
fancy, and with a few exceptions only very young planted 
trees have been available for experimenting. It was nat- 
ural at first for planters to adopt the practice, with regard 
to the different rubber species, by which various native 
races have obtained so many millions of pounds of rubber 
in the past, but of late some of the planters, of an investi- 
gating turn of mind, have been looking further into the 
matter, and already with surprising results. 

k notable contribution to this subject appears elsewhere 
in our pages, from the pen of Mr. Ivor Etherington, of 
Ceylon. It appears that within two years, on one estate, 
the average yield of young Hevea trees has increased from 
less than i pound — then regarded as a fair leturn — to 
more than 5 pounds. But it is not reasonable to suppose 
that the limit of productive capacity has increased in any 
such ratio : the increased yield has been due to better 
methods. But returns from certain older trees are even 
more surprising. Think of an average of 16 pounds from 
trees less than 13 years old — pointing to a money profit 
of $20 per tree, capable of being planted 150 to 200 per 
acre ! Another result of better tapping methods than were 
at first practiced. These figures will have further weight 
when we mention that The India Rubber World has no- 
where found a record of 16 pounds of rubber yielded in 
one year by the oldest Hevea trees in the Amazon valley. 

It does not follow that an equally large yield can be ob- 
tained everywhere, even from Hevea species ; still less 
does it follow that these results can be duplicated witn 
any other species. But what we want to point out is that 
by continued and intelligent experimenting the Ceylon rub- 
ber planters are obtaining much more rubber than by any 
method formerly used. And this fact, it seems to us, 
should suggest to planters of other rubber species, in other 
regions, that perhaps they have not yet found the means 
to obtain from their trees the maximum yield of which 
they are capable. 

WASHED RUBBER FROM THE FAR EAST. 

T^ HERE seems to be a diversity of opinion as to the wis- 
•*■ dom shown in preparing rubber as it is now coming 
from the Far East — that is, rubber in what is known as the 
" washed" form. To-day the market receives two kinds of 
washed "Para" fromCeylon andthe Federated MalayStates, 
one of which is known as " crepe " and the other as " worm " 
rubber. The physical shape of these two types is due to the 
machines through which the latex passes in the process of 
coagulation and in getting rid of the water. The special 
objection that importers and brokers have against rubber 
in this form is their fear that the manufacturer will look 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



105 



upon it as a partially manufactured product ; that it has 
been handled on rolls similar to those that they use in 
compounding, and, therefore, that it may be adulterated. 
On the other hand, the planters find that they can handle the 
latex much easier and more rapidly, and have apparently 
determined to deliver it in one or both of these forms. 
The chances are that unless some better method is discov- 
ered, the planters will triumph. 

Samples of the rubber that have been examined by the 
writer are excellent, and it can easily be proved whether 
adulterants are present or not by very simple tests. Fur- 
ther than this, there does not seem to be the slightest fear 
that any of the Far Eastern planters will adulterate their 
rubber. The tendency has been from the start to make just 
as good a product as possible, and to identify whatever is 
sent out with the plantation where it is grown. It is possi- 
ble that the customs offices in " protection " countries may 
at first classify such rubber as a manufactured product, 
but there is little doubt but that such decisions could be 
reversed if the matter were put before the proper officials 
in the right way. What is needed more than anything else 
is to get out more rubber, and whether it is "crepe" or 
" worm " or "pancake " or "sheet," it is bound to find a 
good and profitable market, and in the long run the sim- 
plest method of coagulation and handling is that which 
will prevail. 



"WORKING OUT OF IT." 



T^H.\ r there has been a notable advance in the knowledge 
of rubber and of rubber manufacture in the last few 
years goes without saying. Chemists, superintendants, and 
rub Jer workers are all far better equipped and know more 
about the business than ever before. At the same time it 
comes to even the best manufacturers every now and then 
that they are but at the beginning of the solution of the 
great problems that the industry presents. This appre- 
ciation of lack of exact knowledge is driven home when 
certain high grade goods that are most carefully compound- 
ed, and where every detail of the manufacture is apparent- 
ly guarded against accident, suddenly begin to '' go bad." 
Then it is that all the experts are called in, and the com- 
bined experience of the factory brought to bear to locate 
the cause. Usually there area half score of theories formu- 
lated, any one of which appears reasonable. M'hen these 
are all exploded and the goods still come out of the heat- 
ers damaged, the sense of helplessness is something piti- 
ful. Then as a rule the damage lessens, and to use a 
factory phrase, they "work out of it, "the result being that 
they neither know why the trouble began nor why it end- 
ed. There are, no doubt, expert and enthusiastic chemists 
who will claim that to day no such conditions should ex- 
ist. The only answer is, that they certainly do, and in the 
face of all expert knowledge. This is the reason that when 
any compound or process is working well on high grade 
goods in any rubber factory, and a new ingredient, a new 
process, or a new machine is urged by an enterprising 
salesman, the manufacturer so often turns a deaf ear and 
insists upon letting well enough alone. 



It used to be a common remark in the trade that, so nar- 
row is tne margin between the production and consumption of 
rubber, the loss of a single cargo at sea would notably influence 
prices. The assertion has had partial proof of late, though as 
yet, we believe, no important cargo of rubber has ever been lost 
on the high seas. But recently a shipload of 210 tons went down 
in the Amazon, and the fust effect was an advance in London 
prices. This was only temporary, however, since stocks were 
larger than for some time, and the hope prevailed that the sunk- 
en rubber would be raised. It now appears that all of the CyriTs 
cargo has been salved but 17 tons. But a single ship has some- 
times carried a thousand tons of rubber from the Amazon, and 
the loss of such a quantity in midocean would indeed upset all 
market calculations. The shippers might be protected by the 
insurance companies, but the world would miss the rubber. A 
consoling feature of the Cyril's case is that rubber is not injured 
by so slight an accident as being dumped in the bottom of a 
river for a few weeks. It is, indeed, subject to fewer ill influ- 
ences than almost any other cargo known to commerce. 



It is pleasing to know that somebody is getting a "square 
deal " in connection with " rabbit weed " rubber. Oureslcemed 
contemporary, The Democrat .o{ Durango. Colorado, in a report 
on preparations for producing rubber in that locality, says that 
" those who gather the weed are paid in accord with their efTort 
and intelligence in harvesting it." This, of course, is most 
commendable. But we had been led to suppose that it was the 
lack of intelligence that counted in the much vaunted develop- 
ment of the Colorado rubber industry ; the less intelligence on 
the part of investors, the greater the success of the company 
promoters. 

The scare headlines in the newspapers, in regard to 
an alleged Tire Trust, are interesting, even if they are not ac- 
curate. The truth is that certain licensees under the G. and J. 
patents are making tires, and none others are able to use exact- 
ly the same fastening. The result has been that the quality of 
the tires has been kept up, and just as good a product put on 
the market as possible, nor have exorbitant profits accrued to 
the manufacturers. It is doubtful if the average profit of the 
licensees has been 10 per cent, since the automobile tire first 
found a market. 



THE EDITOR'S BOOK TABLE. 



ELECTRICIANS' HANDV BOOK. A MODERN WORK OF REFERENCE. 
A Compendium of Useful Data, Covering the Field of Electrical Engineering. 
By T- O'Conor Sloane. a.m.. e.m., ph.D. New York : The Normnn VV. Hen- 
ley Publiihing Co. 1905. [Leather. Svo. Pp. 7''i8, Illustrated. Price, $.-.50 ) 

THIS is by no means Professor Sloane's first literary effort 
in the electrical field, and it is barely possible that the 
single word " Sloane," on the cover, will sufficiently recommend 
the book to the initiated. Beginning with a treatise on algebra, 
the reader is hurried over the general principles of theoretical 
and applied electrical engineering, descriptions of processes, 
and of instruments, the main points being illustrated with cop- 
ious drawings and diagrams. It must be confessed, however, 
that it conveys not the slightest idea of the immense importance 
of India-rubber to the electrical industries. Beyond the recom- 
mendation that" good India-rubber shoes "be worn when woik- 
ing around electrical machines, it is impossible to find in the 
book any mention of India-rubber or Gutta-percha. 

IN CURRENT PERlODICAtS. 
ZURCa3tilloakultur. By Th. F. Koschny. (Relates to the obseivs- 
tions of the author in Central America.] = /J<T Trofeti^flanzer, ReT'in, 
IX12 (December, 1905). Pp. 690-697. 



106 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



OBITUARY. 




WILLIAM F.. PAGE. 

THE death is reported of William Elias Page, general man- 
ager of the Chicago-Bolivian Rubber Co., while on 
his way from Bolivia, somewhere in the vicinity of San Anto- 
nio, which Is 750 miles above Manaos, on the Madeira river. 
The cablegram received in Boston gave no particulars, so that 
at the time of writing it Is Impossible to decide whether this 
brave adventurer came to his death through the upsetting of 
his canoe and drowning, or from pernicious fever ; either cal- 
amity being quite 
possible, as the Ma- 
deira river at the 
time was very low. 

Mr. Page was one 
of the pioneers in 
the Amazon coun- 
try. He represented 
Henry A. Gould for 
some time, and later 
was in the crude 
rubber business as a 
trader at Manaos. 
Since 1883 he has 
spent alternate 
years either in the 
Amazon country or 
in Bolivia, with the 
exception of per- 
haps two years, 
when he was con- 
nected with the Crude Rubber Co. in New York. On January 
1 1, 1904, he left for Bolivia, going in from the West coast, and 
labored most energetically to get a working force together for 
the Chicago-Bolivian Rubber Co. in order to get out more 
crude rubber. He also did much exploring. 

Mr. Page was of athletic build and Inured to tropical life 
and, had he lived, would undoubtedly have done much to de 
velop the riches of the Bolivian rubber forests. He was 49 
years old, was a member of the Harvard class of '79, and one 
whose knowledge of the greatest rubber producing area of the 
world was most complete. He leaves two sons, both of whom 
are connected with rubber houses, one being in the employ of 
George A. Alden & Co., and the other of the Hood Rubber Co. 
At a special meeting of the executive committee of the New 
England Rubber Club, held on November 28, 1905, the follow- 
ing resolutions, were passed and it was voted to appoint a com- 
mittee to attend the memorial services as a mark of respect to 
its late member, Mr. William Elias Page : 

Whereas, News has reached us of the death at San Antonio, Brazil, 
South America, of our friend and fellow member, we the executive com- 
mittee of the New England Rubber Club, in recognition of our loss and 
of our esteem for his memory, record the following resolutions : 

KtsolveJ: That in the death of our fellow member, William Elias Page, 
our association has lost a valued friend. 

Rfsolvfd: That th; rubber trade has been deprived of the benefit 
which, regardless of self sacrifice, he had hoped to bring to it through 
his research in the wilds of South America. 

Resolitd : That we extend to his widow and family, our deep and sin- 
cere sympathy. 

Resolved : That these resolutions be spread upon the records of this 
.\ssociation, and that a copy be engrossed and presented to his family. 

JOHN H. FLINT, President. 
ARTHUR VV. STED.MAN, Vice President. 
GEORGE P. WllITMORE, Treasurer. 
tLSTON E. WADBROOK, Assistant Secretary. 



= Mr. James Ross Parsons, Jr.. United States consul general 
in Mexico, lost his life on the evening of December 5, in Mexico 
City, from being thrown from his carriage In a collision with an 
electric street car. Mr. Parsons, who has been mentioned a 
number of times In The India Rubber World in connection 
with official reports on rubber planting prospects, was still a 
young man and had not long been in office, but gave promise of 
becoming a valuable member of the consular service. On 
Christmas day his remains left Mexico City, with a military es- 
cort detailed by President Diaz, destined for Mr. Parsons's na- 
tive town in New York state. 

= Mr. Edward Atkinson, a well known social and political 
economist of Boston, died suddenly on December 11, in his 
seventy-ninth year. He influenced public opinion by his writ- 
ings and addresses on many subjects, but in his relation to 
business he was an insurance man, having been fora long time 
president of the Boston Manufacturers' Mutual Insurance Co., 
which he helped to establish. The principle upon which this 
company is based is the same as that governing the successful 
Rubber Manufacturers' Mutual Insurance Co. 



ECHO OF A SWINDLE IN RUBBER. 



A REPORT reaching New York from Caracas since the last 
^* issue of this Journal states that the Fuchs Sv ndicaie have 
foreclosed their mortgage, which means that the Para Rubber 
Plantation Co. are now without property in Venezuela, the Ber- 
thelr tract never having been acquired. 

It will be remembered that the Pard Rubber Plantation Co., 
alias the International Rubber and Trading Co., alias the Two 
Republics Chartered Co., began about 2/4 years ago to adver- 
tise very widely the sale of shares of stock, claiming to be actual- 
ly shipping rubber from Venezuela at a great profit, and with the 
use of Mr. John Cudahy's name as head of the company, many 
victims appear to have been separated from their money. 
Readers of The India Rubber World know, however, that 
the company's transactions were confined to the sale of shares, 
such dividends as were paid having been returned to the Inves- 
tors out of their own money. In other words, the whole busi- 
ness was pure fraud, though there is no evidence that Mr. Cu- 
dahy knew this until the promoters of the company had lined 
their pockets and disappeared. 

There had to be some basis for the company originally, and 
this was a contract to purchase a certain concession from the 
Venezuelan government held by Belgian parties known as the 
Fuchs Syndicate. The purchase price Is understood to have 
been $125 000 in cash and $750,000 in shares of the Paia Rub- 
ber Plantation Co. It appears that a payment of $25,000 was 
actually made, and the mortgage covering the remainder has 
now been foreclosed. 



Waterproofing Compound.— United States patent No. 
802,670, granted to Maxmllian Toch, of New York, relates to a 
waterproofing compound which admits of cold application, 
composed of a mixture of hard bitumen dissolved in china- 
wood oil and linseed oil, to which a solution cf gum kauri, 
fused in linseed oil, and petroleum bitumen are added, and 
which liquid is then reduced to a specific gravity of about 0.95 
by the addition of turpentine, benzol, and naphtha. 



Amazon Cable. — The accounts for the year ended June 30. 
of the Amazon Telegraph Co., Limited, for the first time show 
a net profit, which, after providing for interest charges, amounts 
of ^9836 [ = 847.866.89], reducing the debit balance brought for- 
ward to /^78,235. 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^^^ORLD 



107 



RUBBER TAPPING ON KEPITIGALLA ESTATE. 



By Ivor Etherington (Colombo). 



IT is to be regretted that the Editor of The India Rub- 
ber World, when in Ceylon a year or two ago. was not 
able to include the important Kepitigalla estate, in the 
Matale district, among the rubber plantations he visited. 
But as a typical example of a well worked plantation of cacao 
and Hevea Brasiliensis, a brief account of it may now prove ac- 
ceptable to the readers of this Journal. 

For a country with such a well developed system of railways 
and line roads, Kepitigalla must be accounted as very much 
out of the way. It is 18 miles as the crow flies from the near- 
est railway, but the steep hills and deep valleys can only be 
crossed by miles of zigzagging bridle paths, and short cuts 
through the jungle of virgin forest. On theother side the out- 
let is also a long winding track across streams and torrents and 
through dense jungle and newly opened rubber clearings, and 
by a precipitous pass in the surrounding hills to the Sinhalese 
village of VV6-uda on the road, 13 miles to Kurunegala, the 
nearest railway on that side. 

When Mr. Francis J. HoUoway, the estate manager, invited 
the writer to face the journey and visit the estate and his new 
rubber factory, no second invitation 
was needed. A Sinhalese bullock hack- 
ery is not the most comfortable kind of 
traveling cart that can be thought of, 
and 12 miles of it up and down hill 
with the temperature almost running 
into three figures in the shade makes 
one both sore and dry. For the first 
there is no remedy until the journey's 
end ; to remedy the latter complaint 
one has only to pull up frequently at 
the native huts by the roadside and 
mention the magic word "kurumba'' 
to the more or less scantily attired son 
of Adam busily employed cleaning his 
teeth for hours together, or examining 
his son's, wife's, or neighbor's head for 
the same reason that monkeys do. He arises, walks nimbly 
up the 30 feet stem of the nearest cocoanut palm and returns 
with a mighty green nut; three strokes and a whittle with his 
knife and he offers you one of nature's most cooling and re- 
freshing drinks. We-uda is at last reached and there after 
changing one's wringing wet underclothes, the horse, sent up by 
Mr. Holloway, is mounted and the last stage of the journey 
commenced. 

The sky, shortly before so blue and cloudless, is now covered 
with dense black clouds presaging a big storm. Down come 
the heavy drops, accompanied by a terrific thunderclap, drench- 
ing one to the skin in a few moments. The path leading up the 
pass is steep enough, but on the descent side it is precipitous 
and rocky, washed by torrents swollen by the heavy rains, and 
where even a goat would have to hold on by the skin of its 
teeth the horse finds it no easy work, and one has to grin and 
enjoy the feel of soaked clothes and hope for something 
better at the end. The path runs along the side of a fine 
gorge, the mountains towering up on each side and every 
two or three minutes lit up by the vivid lightning playing 
over the rocks while the thunder echoes and reechoes round 
the hills rolling round like almost continuous artillery fire. 




TRANSPORT ELEf HANTS ARRIVING AT THE ESTATE 

FACTORY. 

\ Photograph by Mr. Etherington. 1 



Soon the flat basin of the Deduru-oya river lies far below, 
chequered with bright green patches of native rice fields, 
small patches of cultivated gardens, and blocks of dense 
jungle. Facing one is a long range of hills with ragged 
rocky points, forming the watershed of the river; along 
this hillside runs what looks in the distance like a fine young 
forest, but what I know to be the cacao and rubber planta- 
tions I am aiming at. The river ford being crossed, another 
hour's ride brings me to Mr. Holloway's bungalow, perched 
on a leveled abutment on the hillside. Dry clothes and dinner 
are very welcome, and with the help of lounge chairs my good 
host and myself discussed rubber topics far into the night. 
Work on a rubber plantation starts early, so we were up betimes 
next morning to see the start of the tapping operations. 
KEPITIGALLA ESTATE. 
There are now about 1400 acres in rubber on Kepitigalla, of 
which 830 acres form the old estate and 570 are new clearings. 
This all lies along steep hillsides and faces due west. In this 
there is a peculiar advantage. The whole place being in ihe 
shade of the hill until a comparatively late hour of the morn- 
ing, tapping can be carried on until 10 
or 10.30 A. M. Kepitigalla was first and 
foremost a cacao estate, the rubber 
being planted with the primary object 
of giving shade to the cacao, with the 
thought that if rubber should prove a 
paying thing the trees would be there 
to produce it. The oldest trees were 
planted along the roads and ravines, 
and gradually throughout the cacao, so 
that now from certain elevated points 
one can look over a fine stretch of 
Hevea foliage, the rubber trees tower- 
well over the cacao. The rubber is 
planted through alternate lines of cacao 
24 X 12 feet, and along the roads, ra- 
vines, etc., 12 X 12 feet. [This would 
give 155 and 330 rubber trees per acre, respectively. — The 
Editor.] 

The land has an elevation of from 600 to 2000 feet ; the soil 
is of a generally rocky and in parts very rocky description, but 
the soil is particularly good, and goes down deep so that the 
rubber trees thrive well. In places they seem to be growing 
out of sheer rock and where the enormous taproot of the tree 
finds scope to grow is a puzzle. On one road which had to be 
widened the soil was dug away from the bank to a height of 5 
feet, exposing to this length the great tap and thick surface 
roots of two Heveas. which now stand right out from the cor- 
ner of the bank ; but the trees apparently have not been in the 
least affected by this treatment. 

In fact, Hevea Brasiliensis in Ceylon seems to be impossible 
to kill. Killing a tree by overtapping has not yet been report- 
ed in the island ; the more latex you extract the better the tree 
seems to flourish ; trees uprooted and blown down by gales still 
thrive, yield rubber, and send up numerous strong shoots which 
in a lew years develop into trunks big enough to tap. Diseased 
cacao pods are collected and burned in heaps on the roads 
through Kepitigalla and several trees have been badly burned 
by these fires. In some of these the wood has been burnt out 



108 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[J 



ANUARY I, 



1906. 



to the heartwood to a height of 6 feet, but the tree soon re- 
covers ; a splash of tar keeps out fungus spores, anti the bark 
gradually closes over the gaping wound. No tree is lapped un- 
til it is at least of 20 inches girth at 3 feet from the ground, and 
the older trees are from 50 to 60 inches or more in circumfer- 
ence. 

The labor on the estate is plentiful, being all Tamils from 
South India, and nowhere can there be found a better and 
cheaper agricultural laborer. The Sinhalese in the villages 
around are useful for felling and clearing jungle for new plan- 
tations, always on contract work, but they cannot be depended 
on and will take a few days' holiday whenever they feel in- 
clined. The tapping system in vogue on Kepitigalla lor sev- 
eral years is about the simplest and easiest imaginable, and is 
in consequence the best for the Tamil coolies, who after a little 
practice become very expert. Some of the best tappers are 
youngsters of 12 and 15 years. 

TAPPING METHODS. 

Mr. Holloway has always been in favor of single short obtuse 
V cuts, up and down the stem ; according to its girth each tree 
carries 6, 8, or 10 cups at a single tapping. The trees are tapped 
twice during the morning and there is no evening tapping. 
This is very much in favor 
among the coolies, whose reg- 
ular day's work is over by 
noon. At 6 a. .m. the tapper 
starts his round and fixes the 
cups ; at 8 to 9 o'clock he goes 
a second round, re-taps and 
affixes cups again ; by 10.30 to 
II he is back at the factory 
with the tins of latex. Each 
gang of two coolies ha» 220 
trees to tap, and taps no on 
alternate days ; and, allowing 
resting time for the trees, each 
gang taps 440 to 500 trees per 
annum. This allows to two 
coolies 1]/^ acres per annum, 
or rather less than one coaly 
per acre, per annum. The Hol- 
loway tapping knife is an im- 
proved V cutting knife; it is 
heavier than the old knife and 
has movable blades ; the V blade head is fastened to the han- 
dle by two small screws and nuts, and a blade when worn down 
after four months' use is easily replaced. 

It is usual in Ceylon to tap only the first 6 feet of the trunk up 
from the ground, except on very large trees. Mr. Holloway be- 
lieves that the trunk may be profitably tapped to a much great- 
er height; his trees, having their lower branches lopped ofT, 
show tall straight stems from 25 to 50 feet or more and he is 
experimenting as to how far up they may be tapped, going 
higher each year. At present after a tree has been thoroughly 
tapped for its first 6 feet for some years he goes higher and taps 
up to 12 feet, and this year is going up to 15 and 18 feet, and 
with excellent results. These are tapped once per annum with 
a series of single oblique cuts 8 to 10 inches long. Light lad- 
ders are used , and as many of the trees are on steep rocky places 
the tappers find it easier to make single oblique cuts, when 
clasping the tree with one arm for support, than the V cuts. 

The tapping coolies work in gangs of two — the tapper and 
his assistant, who carries the cups and cans for latex and affixes 
the cups to the tree. Each day 24 gangs of tappers are at work 
on no trees, so that every two days 5280 rubber trees are 




A CORNER OF THE NEW FACTORY. 

Showing (i) Pans of Latex Coagulating into Biscuits ; (2) A Michie-Golledge 
Coagulating Machine (with small hits of creamed rubber); and (3) Freshly 
Maae Lace Rubber. 

[Photograph by Mr. Etheriiigton.] 



tapped. A gang brings in sufficient latex each day to make 
about 30 biscuits and these being 8 or 9 to the pound, work out 
at 35/ pounds dry rubber collected per gang every day. 

A RUBBER COAGULATING " FACTORY." 

The tapper on arriving at the factory with his latex has to 
strain it, place it in the coagulating pans, and set these out 
to coagulate. Each man's latex is kept separate and num- 
bered, so that it can at once be seen if a man is doing his work 
properly, and if not he is given a " halt name " for his day's 
work. The coagulated biscuits are next day passed through a 
mangle and then sent into the hot air drying room, with a tem- 
perature of 100° to 105°. The rubber is practically dry after 
one day there, and is then passed into the drying and store 
room where it remains until several thousand pounds are ready 
to be graded according to color and packed lor transport to 
Colombo. The roof of the factory is corrugated iron and this 
keeps up the temperature ; the biscuits are dried by hanging 
on wires stretched along below the roof about 2 inches apart, 
and the sight of the four store rooms, 72 X 24 feet, each liter- 
ally canopied with rubber, and more round the sides and down 
the middle on wire shelves, was an interesting spectacle. All 
the rubber until the end of 1905 is sold on contract to a Col- 
ombo firm at a price well up 
to the London average for the 
year, and that is over $1* per 
pound. 

The new rubber factory is a 
cement floored building fitted 
with power for driving any 
machinery. Stands are fitted 
for holding the pans of coagu- 
lating latex, and in it are a 
" Michie-Golledge'' coagulat- 
ing machine for making the 
now fairly well known "worm" 
rubber; a "Dickson" coagu- 
lating machine, for coagulat- 
ing by the smoke process ; and 
a " lace rubber " machine of 
Mr. Holloway's own invention 
for turning out coagulated 
rubber in thin lace form for 
very rapid drying. A big rub- 
ber washing machine is 
shortly to arrive from the Malay States. 

A COAGULATING MACHINE. 

The Michie-Golledge machine is a rapid coagulating engine 
the invention of two Englishmen in Ceylon — Mr. D. Michie, 
head of the engineering department of a large Colombo firm, 
and Mr. G. H. Golledge, manager of the large" Gikiyanakande 
rubber estate in the Kalutara district. These gentlemen have been 
working at it for a long time and now it is on the market al- 
though improvements will probably be made. Cemented into the 
factory floor the machine stands some4 feet high ; it is composed 
of a large iron drum inside of which another drum, holding the 
latex, is rapidly revolved. This inner drum has 4 blades run- 
ning around the inside, and in the bottom is a waste pipe for 
carrying off the " mother latex" or waste water after the rub- 
ber is coagulated. A leather belt running from the axle of the 
revolving drum to a large wheel gives the power, and the wheel 



* Our correspondent refers to the American dollar, and gives no other figures for 
values. Mr. Holloway wrote sometime ago to The Times 0/ Ceylon \\i&\ r-Mti^x 
could be delivered in Colombo under 50 rupee cents [=16.4 cents, gold] per pound 
and was then selling in Colombo at 4. 15 and 4.20 rupees [=$1.34 to $1.36 per pound], 
since which time higher prices have been obtained in that market.— Thb Editor, 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



109 



is turned by two coolies. The late Dr. C. O. Weber long tried 
to coagulate latex by a centrifugal machine, and finally declared 
that it could not be done. The Michie-Clolledge machine has 
been termed a centrifugal machine, but this is erroneous, because 
centrifugal is often popularly understood to mean meiely a 
revolutionary motion. The Michie-Golledge machine is a cen- 
tripetal machine ; instead of fleeing from the center of the ma- 
chine, the globules of Caoutchouc in the latex aie induced to 
seek the center, the narrow blades above mentioned rushing the 
mass of coagulating rubber into the center where it gradually 
comes out a creamy spongy mass. 

The latex on arriving from the plantation at the factory is di- 
luted with four times its bulk of cold water, and for every gal- 
lon of diluted latex one drachm of acetic acid is added. Up to 
6 gallons or more can be coagulated at a time, but probably 
when more estates and trees have come to maturity large sized 
machines, holding 20 to 50 gallons or more, will be built, to be 
worked by steam or water power. 

The latex with the acid having been placed in the drum the 
machine is set at work, revolving rapidly at first and then slow- 
ing down as the latex is nearly cf^agulated. A large amount of 
froth comes up on the latex at first, this seeming to diller in 
quantity according to the age 
of the tree, the length of time 
it has been tapped, and so on. 
Also the same considerations 
seem to affect slightly the time 
coagulation takes. In from 6 
to 8 minutes the latex is coag- 
ulated and appears as a huge 
mass of white sponge in the 
middle of the machine, of the 
consistency of thick clotted 
cream. This freshly coagulat- 
ed rubber is very porous and 
full of water. The " sponge " 
is then placed on a mangle 
and passed rapidly through it ; 
the surplus water is pressed 
out, but the rubber must not 
be too heavily pressed, as this 
tends to lessen its porosity 
and consequent rapid drying 
and the very object of the machine and method is rapidity in 
turning out dry rubber ready for shipment. After mangling, 
the rubber is ready to be cut up by shears or clipping knives into 
small shreds 8 inches long, now popularly known in the East 
and on the London market as " worms." 

There is room for improvement in the machine, as the clip- 
ping process by hand is slow and laborious. I can conceive of 
a rolling and clipping machine in one; the rubber coming out 
of the rollers in a continuous thin sheet and automatically clip- 
ped into shreds by a chopping blade. 

This machine does not waiA the rubber, as in the case of the 
washing machine employed in the Federated Malay States, but 
it removes all mechanical impurities. The cut up "worms" 
are exposed to currents of hot air in the factory, where they are 
spread out on tables and the rubber is perfectly dry and fit for 
packing in 30 hours. It may be stated that " worm " rubber has 
fetched top prices in the London market. 

MR. HOLI.OWAV'S LACE RUBBER MACHI.NE. 

The " lace" rubber machine is of Mr. Francis Holloway's own 
invention. The latex is very rapidly coagulated and comes out of 
the machine with nearly all the water pressed out of it by roll- 
ers. It is turned out in a continuous sheet, 12 inches wide, and 




very thin and torn and broken into holes, which give it the 
name of " lace rubber." While the writer was at the factory 
latex was brought in fresh from the Hevea trees, coagulated and 
turned out as "lace" by themachineanddriedbycurrentsofair, 
at a temperature of 90° to 95° and completely dried ready for 
packing for shipment in 19 hours. The machine feeds the "lace" 
on to wire frames ; it is cut into segments 6 feet long to fit these 
frames and then rapidly dried on them. When dry the rubber 
is of a fine golden amber color, with a sweet fresh odor. The 
pressed samples in the factory storeroom ready for packing 
looked when unfolded like huge blankets of lace rubber. It 
can also when dry be compressed into almost solid blocks if re- 
quired, and in bulk itsown weight compresses it ; but as "blank- 
ets" it is readily examined and its purity and color are at once 
obvious. Samples are being sent to the London market. It is 
one of the most expeditious methods of making and drying rub- 
ber for market artificially yet brought out. 

RUBBER SMOKING APPARATUS. 

The third machine in the Kepitigalla factory is the Dickson 
coagulating machine, the invention of Mr. R. C. Dickson, of 
Colombo. This coagulates the rubber by a smoking process, 
thereby closely copying the methods of the Brazilian seringuei- 

ros, only doing the business 
more scientifically and expedi- 
tiously, and therefore more 
economically. The machine is 
a coagulatjr and drier. It 
consists of a small charcoal 
furnace on the top of which 
is a smoke box containing a 
large revolving drum. Be- 
tween the furnace and the 
smoke box is a set of baflle 
plates to divert fumes from 
the furnace and prevent flames 
or sparks passing into the 
smoke box. At one side of 
the smoke box is a shallow 
pan for receiving the fresh 
latex; and in the pan a small 
roller, partly immersed, works 
in contact with the surface of 
the revolving drum. The 
smoke fumes pass through the baffle plates round the large re- 
volving drum and out of a chimney in the top of the smoke 
box. The small roller is turned by hand or machine power, 
and being in contact with the big drum revolves it, and at 
the same time coats it with a thin film of latex. This thin 
film coagulates and dries in the smoke as the drum revolves. 
The process is continued until the rubber is coagulated, film by 
film, on the drum, and a thick deposit of rubber is formed. A 
damper is then closed between the smoke box and the furnace; 
the rubber on the drnm is slit across with a knife and unrolled 
in a long sheet. The antiseptic properties of the smoke tend to 
cure and preserve the rubber, and the sheet is dry right through. 
The machine is a cheap one, and the inventor has in mind a 
number of the machines erected in small sheds over the rub- 
ber estate. 

These three machines are all in the Kepitigalla factory, which 
is one of the most up-to-date and well equipped in the East. 
The factory and huge drying and storerooms make it about 
the largest plantation rubber factory in the world. 

The washing machine had not arrived at Kepitigalla at the 
time of my visit ; it will probably arrive in sections very soon, 
as most Kepitigalla purchases do, on the back of an elephant. 



DRYING ROOM NO. 4. 

[Ceylon Biscuits Suspended on Wires, or Laid on Frames to Dry.] 

[Photograph by Mr. Etherington.] 



110 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



This machine thoroughly washes and 
cleanses the rubber, turning it out in a 
thin, semi transparent sheet, punched 
all over and giving it the appearance 
of crepe— hence the name of rubber 
treated by the machine. An advantage 
with it is that scrap and dirty rubber 
taken from the trees can be put through 
it and turned out perfectly clean and 
as good as fresh biscuits* Besides the 
tapping knives and "lace machine," 
Mr. Holloway has invented a " rubber 
tapping guide." It consists of a pole 
12 feet long with a row of holes one 
foot apart and a peg to fit into them. 
On the pole a sheet of tin fits and 
slides readily up and down and is fix- 
able at any of these holes with the 
iron peg through it. This guide, held 
against the tree, gives exactly the posi- 
tions and is a rule for cutting half or 
full " herring bone " cuts. It is quite 
evident that whatever tapping system 
is adopted, to be economic, the cuts 
must be made regularly and correctly; 
this the Tamil coolie cannot do him- 
self, but given the Holloway guide he 
cannot easily go wrong. Further, held 
the other way up, the guide gives cor- 
rect positions and marks for the spiral 
cutting method, one which has recently 
been brought forward in Ceylon by Mr. 
Charles Northway, a rubber planter of 
experience in the southern province, 
and a system which has given astonish- 
ing results. It is well worth giving a 
few particulars here. 

SPIRAL TAPPING. 

The spiral tapping system is the re- 
sult of experiments carried on by two 
planters, Messrs. Charles Northway 
and E. D. Bowman, on Deviturai estate, 
in the Southern province, Ceylon, who 
recognized the need of an economical 
and scientific method of tapping Hevea 
Brastlitnsis. 

It is desirable that the bark be re- 
moved from the tree as slowly as pos- 
sible, at the same time yielding the 
greatest flow of latex consistent with 
no harm to the tree. Though it is now 
known that the tree will stand a tre- 
mendous lot of ill treatment in Ceylon 
and yet survive and yield well, yet the 
tree has a limit of production of latex, 
and when that is reached its flow di- 
minishes and a rest for recuperation is 
required. Further, under scientific tap- 
ping, the bark must be renewed evenly 

»The machine referred to, made by the Fede- 
rated EosineerinK Co., Limited, (Kuala Lumpur), 
was designed by their manager, Mr. Dearie Rus- 
sell, and has been in practical use on Malay States 
rubber plantations for more than a year, having the 
warm approval of Mr. P. J. Burgess, the govern- 
ment rubber expert.— The Editor. 




[January i, 1906. 



SPIRAL SYSTEM OF TAPPINQ.t 




over the trunk so as to offer a new 
surface which is smooth and easily re- 
tapped, and the renewed bark must be 
mature and full of laticiferous cells by 
the time it has to be tapped a second 
or third time. All these essentials are 
found in the use of the spiral system. 
In this method a series of spiral cuts 
corkscrewing up the tree are made in 
the bark, each channel terminating at 
the base of the trunk. 

For a tree of 18 inches girth, 3 feet 
from the ground (at which size the 
commencement of tapping is recom- 
mended), two spirals are cut, starting 
at opposite sides of the trunk, and only 
encircling the trunk once. As the girth 
of the tree increases, more spirals can 
be cut between and parallel to these, so 
that a large tree, of say 60 inches girth. 
will have 5 spiral channels one foot 
apart running up the tree to 12 or 15 
feet high or more. The channels are 
cut at an angle of 45 degrees— never 
more obtuse, and even more acute in 
the case of young trees to allow for 
the expansion of the trunk. None of 
the various tapping tools and knives 
I previously in use in Ceylon or else- 
where was suited to this system, and 
the producers of the system had also 
to evolve a knife to suit the require- 
ments. This is called the " Bowman- 
Northway" knife— or knives, rather, as 
more than one is required. 

The spiral tapping must be carefully 
carried out to secure the fullest results 
and to be really economic. It is im- 
portant that the first cut. which is 
thereafter to be continually reopened, 
should be correctly done, and that the 
corkscrew curves be regular and paral- 
lel. To do thist he outlines of the ini- 
tial cuts are carefully marked on the 
tree with a sheet tin guide and stencil 
ink. The inventors lay stress on this. 
The first narrow channel is cut with 
the Bowman-Northway No. i knife, 
which gouges out a narrow channel. 
The latex runs round the spiral and is 
collected at the base of the tree in cups 
resting on the ground. At the end of 
each cut a little tin spout is pushed 
into the teee , this always remains 
there, and does away with the constant 
pushing of the cups into the bark as in 
the older V system, and thereby need- 
lessly wounding the bark. If required, 
to make the latex flow rapidly the whole 



HIQH TAPPINa OF *' HEVEA." 



tThis is a view of a Hevea tree on Deviturai 
estate, in Ceylon, yielding at the rate of l6 pounds 
per year. The coolies in the picture had just 
started, and had not got down to the lower trunk 
when the photograph was taken. The photo- 
graphic negative was absolutely untouched. 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



111 




and quite ready to be tapped again. This has all been proved 
In practical work on Deviturai estate. 

YIELD Ol' KUnBF.K. 

The yields obtained by this method are surprising, and have 
totally upset all former calculations. Where formerly one pound 
of rubber per annum was considered a fair yield, now five 
pounds can be obtained. In 1903, with the V system of tapping, 
248 trees gave 240 pounds of rubber. Tapped in 1904, on the 
spiral system, these 248 trees (rising 1 1 years old) gave 65 pounds 
the first month, and in 3 months gave 392 pounds rubber ; and 
in January September, 1905, the same 248 trees gave 1317 
pounds rubber, by spiral tapping. 

On a visit to the Deviturai estate in October, 1905, the writer 
was privileged to copy the following extract from the estate re- 
port for September : 

The year's tapping on the new system closed]with this month, with an 
average yield of just over 5 pounds per tree. The 8 separate trees 
tapped 8 months yielded 14 pounds each, and the 40 young trees in 4 
months tapping gave 132 pounds each. 

The " 40 young trees " mentioned were being tapped for the 
first time, and they gavetotal yields up to 19 and 21 pounds per 
month. The "8 separate trees" mentioned had an average 
girth of 42 inches, and in March, April, and May respectively 
they gave a yield of 14, 19, and 17 pounds of rubber, and in 
September (after having been rested during the seed crop) 
they gave 18 pounds for the month. Rising 12 years old, these 
trees have given an average of 16 pounds per tree per year. 

The spiral system requires very careful tapping work, and 



'WORM RUBBER." 

[Specimen from Ceylon, obtained in the American market and photographed 
by Thk India Rubber \\N>Ri.r>.l 

length of long spiral cuts, a little water is poured into the top 
of the cut by the tapper. 

In reopening the cut a very thin slice of bark is shaved ofl 
the lower edge of the open wound — for healing of the wound 
always takes place more rapidly from above downwards. The 
finer the shaving taken off the better, for all that is required 
is to open the laticiferous cells and the less bark removed 
each time the more economical is the tapping. The first knife 
will not do this. Here comes into use the Bowman-Northway 
No. 2 knife, or paring knife. This knife has a fine steel spring 
which presses against the open wound of the trunk and pre- 
vents the Cambium being pierced, while the sharp edge at the 
side shaves off a very thin layer of latex and reopens the cells 
containing the milk. 

Alternately with this paring knife is used the " Pricker." 
This is like arevolving wheel spur on a handle, and is run along 
the wound close to the lower edge of the cut. It produces a 
series of pricks right along the cut. The flow of latex pro- 
duced is no less than that made by the knife ; but the primary 
object is to bleed the tree without further bark removal. The 
trees are tapped on alternate days, and also alternately with 
the knife and the pricker. By this means one inch in width of 
bark is removed per month ; the trees are tapped one month 
and then given one month's rest, so that in one year—/, e., six 
months' actual tapping — 6 inches of bark are cut away, and 
thus it takes exactly two years to cut down the trunk until the 
old wound of the parallel spiral below is met. By that time the 
bark is renewed perfectly smoothly and evenly, is full of latex, 




''LACE" OR ''CHEPE" RUBBER. 
[Specimen from Ceylon, obtained in the American market and photographed 
by The India|Rubb«r World.] 



112 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



according to the girth of the tree an expert cooly can fully tap 
30 to 40 trees per day (morning tapping only), bring in the la- 
tex to the factory, strain, and coagulate it, mangle the rub- 
ber, and be entirely responsible for turning it out into dry 
sheet rubber ready for packing and shipment, in the shape in 
which it reaches the London market. 

There is very little scrap with this system, and all that there 
is has to be carefully pulled off the wound before the pricker 
can be used, so that no scrap is wasted. The rubber turned 
out is some of the finest ever seen in Ceylon. Such yields 
as these, and such excellent results with the trees are un- 
equaled, and there need be no hesitation in stating that the 
spiral system will be widely taken up on plantations. Already 
on well known Ceylon estates it has been started, and also in 
the Federated Malay States. Undoubtedly this is one of the 
most important forward steps made in the industry for a con- 
siderable time. 

PLANTING "CEARA'- RUBBER IN COLOMBIA. 



BY HENRY G. GRANGER. 

[Translation of a Report of a Visit to " La Barrigona,'* to his E.TCellency 
Dr. Mo{iesto Garces, Minister of Public Works of Colombia.] 

AT the beginning of the month I visited the hacienda " La 
Barrigona,"* property of Messrs. Simon and Ignacio de 
la Torre, which occupies a large area on the banks of the Mag- 
dalena, one hour's riding from Cambao. It includes pastures 
capable, according to the manager, Sefior Antonio Padellia, of 
sustaining 3000 cattle; a large plantain patch, corn, yuca,and a 
rubber plantation. Of the many buildings which were there 
before the war I only found left the bodega and main house, 
large and commodious, with wide porches, a testimonial of the 
good taste of the owners. 

The rubber plantation is new and of its class the only one in 
Colombia (Manihoi Glaziovii, producer of " white rubber "). A 
sample without any preparation was quoted in London at 90 
cents (United States gold) per pound, some months since. At 
the beginning of the war (or in 1900) they planted some 500 
trees of seeds imported from Ceylon. When the encampment 
was established there the soldiers cut down the little trees for 
tent stretchers, leaving only some 25, which are to-day very 
well developed ; some being more than 12 inches thick in the 
trunk. They are planted approximately at 5 meters [ = i6;4 
feet] apart, the same distance of planting Castilloa elastica in 
Choco. 

From the seeds of these trees they have planted some 30,000 
more trees at a distance of about only 2 meters apart, which is 
a good thing to prevent weeds, although this renders impossi- 
ble the complete development of all of the trees. These 30,000 
trees embrace all sizes, since there are from only a few weeks 
up to two years. As the trees yield seeds from one year old, a 
remarkable point even in regard to this class of rubber ; the 
ground is completely covered with little trees, which for lack of 
light and space are only about a foot high. The seeds are hard 
and about the size of an Antioquian bean and remain good, as I 
have been informed, more than a year without planting them, 
which is undoubtedly an important advantage, considering that 
in other places, as in the Choco, if you don't make seed beds 
within a few days of the seeds [Castilloa^ having fallen, they are 
lost, either because they become too dry or they rot, and the 
little trees always suffer somewhat from transplanting. 

The little Manihot\.xt.t% have a smooth bark, while the larger 
ones (or from 4 inches in diameter up) have the bark turned up 



* The locatioQOf this hacienda is shown ona map in The India Rubbbr World, 
December i, 1905 (page 75).— The Editor. 



with an apparent inclination of peeling off like the Northern 
birch, which doesn't appear to me to be a detriment because 
the latex which flows freely always falls off when the tree is 
tapped, and the " chaza," or that which dries over on the bark, 
can easily be pulled off. 

Mr. Alford Bishop Mason has spoken to me of this plantation 
and was of the opinion that rubber could be extracted from the 

2 year old trees, which have a diameter in the trunk of some 4 
inches. To determine this point along and careful study would 
be required. In the Ch~c6 the cultivated rubber trees which 
are bled are what is called there " borrosos," that is to say, that 
their latex is thick and coagulates on the bark of the tree with- 
out the necessity of gathering it in cans or vessels, such as 
have to be used with the Hevea Brasiliensis for example, which 
facilitates greatly gathering it, although by reason of the little 
pieces of bark which remain adhered, the price is diminished. 
For this reason, in the Choco in some cases they tap the trCes 

3 years old. 

I observed in " La Barrigona" among various trees which I 
tried with my belt knife that there were only two which gave 
the thick latex ; the others, even those only one year old yield- 
ed the latex freely, but it would be necessary to collect it in cans, 
which would not pay for the trouble in view of the small quan- 
tity which the little trees yield at a time. If onecould discover 
the conditions, if there are such, under which all the trees 
should produce thick latex, then it would be practicable to tap 
small trees, making them produce from, as the total of many 
tappings, Y% pound up per year. Otherwise it is necessary to 
wait until the trees are some 5 years old ; judging froir the 
quantity which I saw that they bled, even from cuts made 
on top of old cicatrices, they should easily give from i to 2 
pounds per year collected in cans stuck on with clay below the 
tapping. There were in the farm some little hatchets with a 
blade only an inch long and very thick, which they had gotten 
to tap the trees, these are of no use. The knife to tap rubber 
trees should have a long thin blade with a fender to avoid pass- 
ing the bark. 

I have read in the Orient they extract rubber even from the 
leaves of some rubber trees by means of presses, and I noted at 
" La Barrigona " that on cutting or breaking a number of the 
leaves of the small trees which are below the large ones that 
they bled little drops of latex. This point is very important 
and should be experimented on with a hand mill such as can be 
obtained, with three rollers for grinding cane, from George L. 
Squires & Co., Buffalo, United States, and others. If it yields 
a sufficient quantity of latex then a steam mill could be instal- 
led with a certainty of two crops a year of a plant whose latex 
condensed is worth 90 cents per pound instead of 2 cents per 
pound for sugar ; with a certainty that the cultivation will cost 
nothing and that the trees which drop the seeds in such short 
time and abundance that they will constitute a source of in- 
come. 

Herr Franz Clouth, a notable authority on rubber matters, 
says that the hillsides should be preferred for the cultivation 
of Matiihot Glaziovii. where it yields more. It would be very 
advisable that the Messrs. de la Torre should give orders for 
the planting of some thousands of trees on the hillsides back 
of the hacienda. Within three years this rubber plantation 
will have a large value for its owners, and at present is of much 
importance to Colombia by reason of the abundance of seeds 
which it yields and which could surely be obtained at a 
moderate cost from its owners by all who desire to follow 
their good example in accordance with the present Colombian 
program of " Peace and Work." 

Cartagena, Colombia, May, 1905. 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



113 



THE DEFENSE OF THE CONGO ADMINISTRATION. 



^ I "■ HE criticisms of the administration of the Congo Free 

I State which have been so persistent for the past two 
or three years, particularly in England, have been no- 
ticed from time to time in The India Rubuer World, 
with the qualification always that the concern of the rubber in- 
terest in the matter is wholly apart from world politics. In 
other words, this being purely a technical and trade journal, 
the interests which it represents most intimately must consider 
the Congo question primarily with regard to the reckless ex- 
haustion of the rubber resources of the Congo which has been 
in progress for the past decade and is now nearing a climax. 
This being the only reason for our referring to the matter at all, 
the charges against the Congo administration which have been 
the text for such voluminous issues from the English press, not 
to mention German and other publications on thesubject. have 
never been fully set forth in these pages. In view of what has 
been published in this Journal heretofore, however, it seems 
proper to refer here to a report recently published, of a commis- 
sion of enquiry created on July 23, 1904, 
by Leopold II, king sovereign of the 
Congo Free State, to consider the 
abuses under which the natives of the 
Congo were alleged to be suffering and 
to decide upon such reforms as might 
be necessary to check such abuses. 
The full report of the committee, dated 
October 30, 1905, fills 1 50 pages of the 
Bulletin Officiel de I' Etat Independant 
du Congo, and is too lengthy even to be 
summarized in these columns. The 
details, however, which relate most 
definitely to the rubber interest will 
have brief attention. 

A considerable section of the report 
relates to the products of the Domaine 
de la Couronne (the domain of the 
crown), which comprises by far the 
larger portion of the Free State and is 
administered as a national reserve. 
The most important of these products 
from a commercial standpoint thus far 
has been Caoutchouc, and the reference 
to this commodity in the report of the committee is here 
translated : 

There is no doubt that the working of a rubber forest, continued for 
a term of years, results in exhausting the supply in the neighborhood of 
the native villages. 

This fact explains the reluctance of the negro to gathering the rubber 
sap, an industry which is not in itself toilsome. Yoi the most part he is 
obliged, every fortnight, to make a journey of one or two days, and 
sometimes more, to reach a place where he can find a sufficient growth 
of the rubber plant. There, for a number of days, he leads a miserable 
existence. He is obliged to improvise a shelter which evidently cannot 
be equal to his hut. He is deprived of his accustomed food, he is un- 
accompanied by his wife, exposed to the inclemency of the weather and 
to the attacks of wild beasts. His harvest he must carry to a station of 
the government or of the company, and not until then can he return to 
the village, where he can stay only two or three days, as another matur- 
ing payment pursues him. 

The result is that whatever may be his industry in the rubber forest, 
the greater part of his days, by reason of these journeyings, is spent in 




LEOPOLD ir 

King of the Belgians ; King Sovereign of the Congo 
Free State. 



gathering rubber sap. It is hardly necessary to say that this state of af- 
fairs is a flagrant violation of the law which requires of the native 40 
hours of labor per month. From our point of view, the only way to ad- 
just this difference between the requirements of trade and the text and 
spirit of the law would be to let more time elapse between the peiiods 
when the native must make his returns. In this way the time lost in go- 
ing to and from his labor would not be so great and the time required of 
him woulJ come nearer to the 40 hours per mouth prescribed by law, es- 
pecially if the quantity of rubber which he is required to furnish were 
more equitably fixed and did not reach a maximum rarely attained, and 
which we believe to be excessive. It might be objected that improvi- 
dence is a characteristic trait of the native, and that he would put off un- 
til the last moment his departure in quest of the quantity of rubber ex- 
acted of him. We think, however, it would be possible to require of the 
native a discharge of his debt to the state every three months, and then 
at the proper time the whites could remind the shiftless negio of his duty. 
His stay in the forest being thus more prolonged, but less frequent, the 
native would doubtless find it expedient to construct a more suitable 
shelter, and to take his wife along with him, and she would prepare for 
him his accustomed food. Moreover, in the 
opinion of the commission the imposts being 
necessarily collective, on account of the diffi- 
culty of reaching individuals, the inconven- 
ience resulting from the intervals between 
the collections would be greatly diminished, 
and moreover the personal convenience of 
the natives could be taken more into account. 
It is evident that if no tax were levied it 
would be necessary, in calculating the hours 
of work, to take into account the time spent 
by the laborer in getting to and from his 
work. 

What is even more pertinent to the 
Caoutchouc interest, however, is the 
section of the report headed " Les Con- 
cessions," in which is discussed the re- 
lation of the concessionaires to the state, 
and this of course involves the conduct 
of the Belgian tradingcompanies whose 
operations in rubber on the Congo for 
several years past have resulted in al- 
most fabulous, though now declining, 
profits. This section alone is much too 
lengthy for space here in full, but in 
the paragraphs which follow an attempt has been made to pres- 
ent a summary which shall reflect, as accurately as possible 
the spirit of the official report, which is, of course, in French : 

" As we have seen, it is in those parts of the country worked 
by companies having a concession that the most serious abuses 
have occurred. By concession we understand a right given to 
commercial companies to gather, for their exclusive profit, cer- 
tain products of the state domain. Some of the companies 
own the lands which they work. In return for the concession, 
the state receives a considerable part (generally one half) of the 
profits. 

"We are far from contesting the power of the state to concede 
rights in certain parts of its domain; at times circumstances 
have made this step necessary. The state, having neither the 
agents nor the resources necessary, was glad to avail itself of 
private capital. The laziness of the natives and their few per- 
sonal wants made it impossible to work the forests (after those 



114 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^VORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



lying near the villages had been exhausted) except by resort- 
ing to forced labor. 

" To enable the companies to go on, the state, which exacted 
ol the natives a tax in kind, or in labor, delegated a part of its 
powers to the companies, giving them the right to compel the 
blacks to gather certain quantities of rubber and some other 
commodities. This right, at first tacit, then express, was made 
legal by the decree of November 18, 1903. which set the tax in 
kind for the natives of the territories at 40 hours of labor each 
month. Previous to this legislative act the different compan- 
ies had compelled the natives to harvest the products of the 
country, for their benefit, but they had kept up the principle of 
payment. It is the abuse of the right of exacting labor that 
has worked the greatest wrongs in the country. 

" The quantity of a product required was not fixed by law- 
but was left to the discretion of the agents of the companies. 
This vague determination of quantity still exists, under the law 
of November, 1903. Inspectors appointed by the state to see 
that the companies did not abuse their rights were too depend, 
ent upon the companies themselves to be very critical. Even 
magistrates sent in to investigate complaints were forced to 
travel on the boats of the companies and accept the hospitality 
of their agents. 

" The result was that the companies looked upon themselves 
as masters in their territory and the state laws were practically 
nullified. In certain parts where no concession has been given, 
the native gathers the products for commercial companies un- 
der indirect compulsion. These regions are those in which the 
state, by the decree of October 30, 1892, gave over to private in- 
dividuals the gathering of rubber. In the greater part of the 
Kasai basin, numerous companies, working under this conces- 
sion, have incorporated themselves into a ' trust ' for the pur- 
pose of avoiding competition. The ' trust ' is known as the 
Compagnie du Kasai. It has no power to levy a tax in kind 
and hence can gather rubber only by dealing directly with the 
native. 

" The indirect compulsion mentioned above is brought about 
in this way. The native is compelled to pay a state tax in 
local money called croisetle, which can be obtained only of the 
agents of the company, in payment for rubber. The agent, 
aware that the native will not work after he has enough croisttte 
to pay his tax, contrives to get as much of this rubber away 
from him as he can in exchange for other commodities. The 
price of rubber in croiseite is not fixed by law, but is more or 
less a matter of bargain. The net result of all this to the dis- 
advantage of the native. 

" In other sections, particularly Lulonga, and in the region 
between the mouth of the Lomani and Stanleyville, the agent 
buys the rubber direct from the native. The latter is subject to 
no tax, yet he is obliged to gather rubber for the agent. At 
Stanleyville the negroes proposed to the agent of a Dutch house 
to furnish rubber without pay, provided the quantity required 
of them were diminished by one half. 

" The conditions are better where there is competition, than 
where everything is in the hands of a single company. In Lu- 
longa force is resorted to and the investigating committee were 
told by the agents themselves that the whip is used habitually. 
We do not believe it possible, except perhaps in the Kasai 
and certain parts of the eastern provinces to produce, from the 
free labor of the native, a regular supply of rubber. Neverthe- 
less, we think that the state might, in certain particular regions, 
give up its rights to the products of the domain ; allow compa- 
nies to deal directly with the native, freeing the latter from all 
tax and leaving him to work only for pay. This would practi- 
cally be testing the result which would have followed the en- 



forcement of the decree of October 30, 1892. The result of 
this attempt might, even if it proved a failure, furnish some 
useful suggestions for the future. In order that the experi- 
ment might not be fruitless the state should see to it that no 
constraint, even moral, be put upon the native. It ought also 
to encourage the establishment of a large number of merchants, 
even giving them, at a very low price, the land necessary for 
putting up factories." 

It maybe said that on the whole the report of the committee 
on enquiry confirms the charges of abuses in many respects, but 
absolves the government of responsibility for them, and it is to 
be noted further that the sovereign has appointed a new com- 
mission to undertake the reforming of abuses so far as may be 
within the power of the government. 

The English critics of the Belgian government of the Congo 
state decline to accept the report of King Leopold's commis- 
sion as a refutation of the charges which led to its creation, 
and one of the most notable of their number, Mr. E. D. Morel, 
in his journal. The Wtst African Mail, fails to see. in the com- 
position of the reform commission, any promise of the right- 
ing of the wrongs complained of. At the same time, the jour- 
nal La Viriti sur le Congo, maintained for the defense of the 
Belgian cause, presents extracts from many reputable news- 
papers, in different countries, which have given the official re- 
port an entirely favorable reception. 

THE APPOINTMENT OF AN AMERICAN. 
[from the new YORK " SUN," DECEMBER II.] 

King Leopold, the sovereign of the Congo Free State, has 
appointed R. Dorsey Mohun, an American, as director of the 
ABIR Congo company, one of the largest rubber concerns in 
that country. This company was the only commercial society 
in the state that was mentioned by name in the recent volumi- 
nous report of the Congocommission as having treated the na- 
tives with brutality. " In the posts of the ABIR company in 
the Mongalla district," says the report, " the imprisonment of 
women as hostages, flogging to excess, and various acts of bru- 
tality are not contested. It is the black spot on the history 
of Central African settlement." 

Mr. Mohun was formerly our commercial agent at Loanda 
and later at Boma, the capital of the Congo State. In Central 
Africa he saw a large part of the war in which the black sol- 
diers of the state, under their white officers, drove out and away 
the Arab slave raiders and put an end to slave catching in that 
large domain. When he came home he visited The Sun office 
and told of some of the stirring incidents in that long fight 
against the most terrible of African evils. 

King Leopold has appointed a new commission to carry out 
the reforms recommended by the eminent body whose report 
is now in his hands. The appointment ol Mr. Mohun, who has 
large executive ability and is thoroughly familiar with African 
conditions, to a place of unusual opportunity for the correc- 
tion of past abuses, is one of the first steps taken. 

"Commercial companies," said the commission's report, 
" should never be permitted to carry on armed expeditions, as 
was notably the case with the ABIR company." The Ameri- 
can undoubtedly has a fine field before him in which to incul- 
cate humanity as well as to stimulate commerce. 



The Dresden Gummi-Zeitung reports: "There is a lively 
demand for ladies' rubber cloaks this fall. The only complaint 
among manufacturers is that the grades of wool used for such 
cloaks have very considerably advanced in price, and that this is 
proving rather detrimental to the volume of sales." 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^VORLD 



115 



THE INDIA-RUBBER TRADE IN GREAT BRITAIN. 

By Our Regular Correspondtnt. 



FOR several years, it will be remembered, the National 
cycle show at the Crystal Palace has coincided with the 
Stanley, at the Agricultural Hall. This season there 
was only the Stanley show, but it found a powerful rival 
in the afltections of the public in the great motor show at Olym- 
pia. 1 have no official figures to show how the at- 
^^^ tendance at the Agricultural Hall compared wiih 

STANLEY , , ° .J 

SHOW. former years, but from my own observations and 
from what I gathered from exhibitors I imagine that 
there was a distinct falling off. Of course there is more novel, 
ty about the motor business, which is yet in its infancy, and 
cycle shows cannot compete in this respect. Then the raucous 
tones of the gramophone and the elocutionary efforts of the 
purveyors of boot polish strike one as being somewhat foreign 
to the show as a business venture. The explanation of the pres- 
ence of gramophones, toys, and other goods quite unconnected 
with cycling is that they are sold by cycle dealers in the dull 
season and form part and parcel of their regular stock in 
trade. The rubber manufacturing firms represented, in addi- 
tion to those exhibiting at Olympia, were the Avon India Rub- 
ber Co., Limited, of Melkeham ; F. Reddaway & Co., of Man- 
chester (of Camel tire fame) ; W. & A. Bates, Limited, of Lei- 
cester ; Capon Heaton &Co. ; and the Gorton Rubber Co. The 
Silvertown company. The North British, Moseley's, the Conti- 
nental, and Michelin were in evidence at both shows. To some 
extent the two shows overlapped, as there were motor tires to 
be seen at the Agricultural Hall, and the minor hall was wholly 
given up to motor cars, a fact probably explained by failure to 
obtain space at Olympia. The rapid advance of the motor car 
has caused the attention of inventors to be devoted to its inter- 
ests to an extent which has caused cycling improvements to be 
somewhat neglected. A great deal for instance is heard of side 
slip contrivances for motor tires, but the matter is still an urgent 
one with regard to cycle tires, the various trials made by the 
authorities not having shown that the desired perfection has 
been attained. 

S. AxELROD has an interesting paper on this subject in a 
recent issue of the Gummi-Zeitung. Without following the au- 
thor through all his figures, I may be allowed to 

SOLUBILITY remark on one or two points. In case any mis- 

OF RUBBER , . u i j • i • i i • 

IN BENZINE apprehension should exist, I might emphasize 
that benzine with an i is quite distinct from ben- 
zine with an e. The former is a derivative or more correctly a 
constituent of petroleum while the latter is derived from coal 
tar. It is recognized that the latter has the better solvent ac- 
tion and one notices in motoring papers notices warning tire 
users that petrol cannot be used instead of benzene in cases 
where a serni solution of the rubber is desired. But to return 
to the main topic under notice, in a column showirg the resin- 
ous constituents of the various rubbers experimented with, the 
figure for fine Para hard cure is 3 4 per cent, while that for Cey- 
lon Para, sheets is 8.6 per cent. The first is higher than is usu- 
ally supposed, but the latter if really representative shows the 
Ceylon rubber to compare unfavorably with the native product 
in a direction which has not hitherto been so clearly demon- 
strated. Possibly the author's sample came from immature 
trees and must not be considered as representative. lixcept in 
the Para figures there is nothing else in the column which is 
different to what I should have expected. The paper as a whole 



MR. HANCOCK NUNN. 



has a scientific rather than a practical interest, and it is doubt- 
ful, to say the least of it, whether the ordinary works manager 
will stop by the way to ponder on the following sentence : 
" The degree of viscosity («) and the percentage composition 
of the solution (/) are connected by the equation n-c.p., where 
<: is a constant depending on the kind of rubber, and r the tan- 
gent of the angle which the curve drawn to the logarithms of 
the figures of the viscosity tables makes with the horizontal." 
The managing director informs me that the newspaper re- 
ports concerning the fire which occurred at the company's re- 
claimed rubber works at New Mills 
MESSRS. Q.H.SCOTT 4 CO., Stockport, in November, were 

LIMITED. *^ _ 

much exaggerated. The damage done 
only amounted to a little more than ^i, and consequently no 
interference to the business resulted. Taking the opportunity 
afforded me of referring to business matters generally, I learned 
that it has been the object of late years to reclaim without the 
use of oil, and was shown some good quality rubber which was 
said to contain no oil at all. Of course oil has only been used 
because of its physical help in agglomerating the particles of 
vulcanized rubber, and if it can be dispensed with the product 
should show increased tenacity. 

The recent publication in the London papers of the name 
of Mr. T. Hancock Nunn, as a member of the Royal commission 
on the Poor laws has led several people to 
assume that the gentleman named is iden- 
tical with the Mr. J. Hancock Nunn, who is proprietor of the 
Vulcanized Rubber Works at 266 Goswell road, London. This, 
however, I may say is not the case, though I am not prepared 
to say that there is no family connection. The trading name 
of the Goswell road rubber works is James Lyne Hancock, 
the present proprietorship being as above mentioned in the 
hands of Mr. J. Hancock Nunn. The name will be familiar to 
readers of Dickens, as it was from a local habitation that Mr. 
Pickwick, on looking out of the window remarked that Goswell 
street was on his right, Goswell street was on his left, and the 
opposite side of Goswell street was over the way. The business 
dates from 1820, its original founder being Thomas Hancock, 
of familiar memory in the trade. It can therefore claim to be 
the oldest established rubber business in the world, though only 
beating in this respect Messrs. Charles Macintosh & Co. by 
three years. 

The introduction of the rubber cored golf ball has trans- 
ferred a good deal of business from the Gutta-percha manufac- 
turers to the elastic thread makers. At first 

GOLF BALL ordinary elastic thread was used; of late how- 

"UBBER. •; , , , • / u J 

ever a large demand has arisen for a broader 
count. This is made in the same way as elastic thread, that is, 
by calendering therubbcrand sulphur dough on sheets. These 
are then vulcanized in steam, stripped, made into rolls and cut 
to the desired width of strip by the lathe. This material is now 
made by the ton and is noteworthy if only as one of the few new 
articles which the trade has been called upon so supply of late 
years. In general appearance this strip resembles what is sold 
as tape for electrical purposes, though this latter is unvulcan- 
ized. It is a common idea that the advent of the rubber cored 
golf ball has practically done away with the use of Gutta-percha 
in this connection. This, however, is not strictly true, as some 
balls at any rate contain a good deal more gutta than rubber 



116 



THE INDIA RUBBER \VORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



by weight. A mechanical analysis I recently made of one 
showed that out of a total weight of 33 grams rather less than 
10 grams was due to the rubber strip. In this case there was a 
solid core as well as outer cover of gutta. I notice in a recent 
patent of the Perfect Golf Ball Co. that it is proposed to make 
the cover of Gutta-percha tape, so as to obtain more perfect ad- 
hesion to the core. 

Improvements and increased competition have continually 

to be reported in the engine packing branch. Of late years 

American packings have been increasingly e.x- 

DANiELS s pioited in England, most of them possessing cer- 

PACKING. ' » ' r & 

tain claims to novelty which attract the steam 
users' interest. My attention has lately been drawn to Daniels's 
" P. P. P." packing, made solely by the Quaker City Rubber 
Co., whose representatives in (jreat Britain are Ronald Trist & 
Co., of Coronation House, Lloyds avenue, London, E. C. From 
all appearances India-rubber, asbestos, plumbago, and other 
common constituents of steam packings enter into its composi- 
tion, but I understand that the chief claim for novelty and ef- 
ficiency lies in the mode of construction, whereby it is enabled 
to resist high pressures of steam in an eflective manner. The 
booklet issued by the Ouaker City Rubber Co. gives a good 
deal of information of interest to engineers, being the most 
complete brochure on the subject which I have come across. 
Reports from a works in the north of England using super- 
heated steam state that it stands a temperature of 7co° F. suc- 
cessfully. For a fibrous packing it is claimed that it is the only 
one which has the particular action which causes a variation in 
the pressure, and consequently in friction on the piston rod 
strictly in proportion to the pressure of steam existing at any 
moment in the cylinder. 

It has often formed matter for comment that such a valuable 

commodity as raw rubber should be bought by inspection only 

of samples without the ancillary assistance of 

WASTE chemical analysis. Yet there are solid reasons 
RUBBER . ■; , , 

VALUATION, against any change in present procedure. In 

the case of rubber scrap the amount of money 
involved is not so great, but still it is recognized by pur- 
chasers that it is very difficult to accurately gage the value of 
any particular lot, especially of mechanical rubbers. The 
main safeguard which it is now customary to employ is in 
the form of a negation. The purchaser stipulates that the rub- 
ber shall not contain certain defined goods or qualities. Thus 
in drab waste, it is stated that no rubber toys are to be in- 
cluded, and this not so much from the common quality of the 
rubber as from the point with which it is adorned. It is 
obvious that chemical analysis to be of any real benefit would 
have to be on a scale and consequently involve an expense 
which puts its adoption as a precautionary outside considera- 
tion. Probably the best course to pursue in the interests of 
both seller and buyer is to adopt sorting and classification to 
an increased extent, and already much more is being done in 
this direction than was the case a few years ago.* 

Of late the specification of this article has undergone some 
change. It was formerly compulsory to destroy the adhesive- 
ness of the rubber tape by a slight cold cure, a 
job that was always an unpleasant and ticklish 
one, in orderto prevent the sulphur rising above 
the low limit specified. Now this partial cure is not demanded. 
Another alteration is the substitution of cotton tape in the rolls 
instead of paper. This is a white tape and has nothing in com- 
mon with the red variety with the possession of which the War 
office is so commonly credited. This class of business does 



WAR OFFICE 
TAPE. 



not cause much enthusiasm among the manufacturers. The 
profits of this, as also in other government contracts, are not 
considered at all commensurate with the trouble of keeping 
strictly to specification, and this sending in of tenders is more 
often than not influenced by considerations other than expec- 
tation of profit. 

Our London contemporary in a recent issue reprints with 

suitable comments a letter from a new technical journal on the 

subject of adulteration in rubber goods. In 

AQCMDnfTicc '^ spirit of kindness that journal refrains from 
giving any details as to the name of the paper 
or the writer's identity. Had the letter come under my notice 
in the first instance, I don't think I should have shown any 
scruples in pilloring the author of such a farrago of nonsense. 
By careless readers hypothesis is often mistaken for fact, and 
the dubiousness of argument from analogy is frecjuently over- 
looked. It is often said that practical men can afTord to smile 
at what they read in print concerning their industries, but I 
don't altogether agree with this. It is astonishing in these days 
of scissors and paste how a paragraph with anything novel or 
superficially attractive about it goes the rounds and grotesque 
perversions of the truth may easily do harm to a reputable in- 
dustry. From these considerations I take it that it is not only 
within the province of trade journals to pillory offenders against 
the tenets of accuracy but it becomes essential on behalf of 
those whose interests they subserve. 

A MEETiNGof the joint committee of the dissenting ordinaty 
and deferred shareholders was held on December 6 in Dublin. 
Mr. Du Cros made various propositions with 
regard to the reduction of capital, the origi- 
nal scheme, it will be remembered, not hav- 
ing met with the approval of the necessary number of share- 
holders. In the end it was decided to submit the new pro- 
posals for counsel's opinion before doing anything further. 

A FRIEND of mine who lately returned from a prolonged 
tour in South America has interested himself in the rubber for- 
ests. He finds, however, with regard to the con- 

RUBBER 

IN PERU cessions which he has obtained that English cap- 
italists look askance at his proposals to engage 
their interest and assistance. My friend confirms the state- 
ment that a large proportion of the output of Peruvian rub- 
ber figures in the statistics for Manaos. At present it is 
about fourteen days mule carriage to ship the rubber from the 
principal producing centers to the Pacific ports and the lack 
of labor which has so long militated against the exploitation of 
the country's resources is still being acutely felt. Of course 
the value of forest concessions in regions where there is no bar 
to general gathering can easily be overestimated and there is 
always the chance of private rubber being annexed by gather- 
ers who are not troubled with scruples. I imagine that the nec- 
essity of maintaining an efficient police force must continue to 
discourage the prospective concessionnaiie. 

Mr. Charles Coops, who was originally in the employ of 
Messrs. Charles Macintosh & Co., being subsequently manager 
of the Eccles Rubber Co., is now acting as Lon- 
MR. COOPS. jJqj^ representative of Messrs. Adler. of Coven- 
try, Amsterdam, and Cologne. This firm has the sole agency 
for the sale of Messrs. Macintosh's tires on the continent and 
are also at liberty to sell in Great Britain, though in this case 
they have no monopoly. 



DUNLOP 
REORGANIZATION. 



*Such classificition is tiow the rule in tlie American trade, under conditions 
which become generally recognized, and with satisfactory results. — Thk Editor, 



Malay States.— The big Chinese firm. Chow Kit & Co., at 
Kuala Lumpur, advertise motor car tires from " The Goodyear 
& Rtibber Co.," but this name is not acknowledged by any firm 
in the trade known to this Journal. 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^?VORLD 



117 



RUBBER PLANTING INTERESTS. 



THE BRITISH BORNEO PARA RUBBER CO. 

THIS company was formed last April in Glasgow, Scotland, 
with ^30,000 [ = $145 995] capital, to acquire from J. 
Melmore Halliday a concession of land f;ranted by the Brit- 
ish North Borneo Co. Mr. Halliday has had 17 years' experi- 
rience as a planter in the Far East and has become manager of 
the new company. The concession covers 2000 acres, near 
Beaufort, in Prov.nce Dent, of which 200 had been cleared by 
September 18, on which date occurred the first planting, from 
nurseries formed by Mr. Halliday. The two first seedhngswere 
put in place by the Governor and Mrs. Gueritz, each of whom 
had been provided with a tastefully decorated spade. Lunch- 
eon was served to his Excellency's parly in the manager's 
house, and the hope expressed that the governor would be pres- 
ent at the first tapping, six years later. The India Rubber 
Wdri.u of November, (page 48) reported the presence of the 
Governor and Mrs. Gueritz at the initial tapping of rubber on 
the Sekong estate, British North Borneo. 

RUBBER PLANTING PROSPECTS IN JAMAICA. 

Mr. Robert Elworthv of Linstead, Jamaica, writes to 
The Lndia Rubber World that there is much land on that 
island suitable for rubber culture, but as in Nicaragua planters 
have hitherto given attention almost exclusively to bananas. 
They are at last beginning, however, to realize the importance 
of rubber, and it is probable that the demand this year for seeds 
and plants will be far greater than can be met by the local de- 
partment of agriculture. There are a few pioneers in this new 
culture in Jamaica, and their success so far — some of them have 
trees nearly old enough to tap - has been the means of encour- 
aging others to plant. The species grown is Castilloa tlastica, 
and Mr. Elworthy considers his 5 year old trees to be equal to 
any of the same age in Mexico.-==The Jamaica public gardens 
for some time past have been selling rubber seeds and plants 
to local planters. 

YIELD OF PLANTATION RUBBER. 

To THE Edilor of The India Rubber World : In the 
month of June I had about 400 cultivated rubber trees (Cas- 
tilloa elastica) tapped, which yielded about 2 quintals [ = 202.8 
pounds] of clean rubber, averaging therefore yi pound from 
each tree. I could have had one pound fronl each tree ex- 
tracted, but did not want to do so lest the trees might be 
injured. These trees are from 6 to 7 years old and were origi- 
nally planted as shade among cacao trees. The rubber thus 
obtained I sold here in San Jose and was paid the price of 135 
colones per quintal, equal to about $62.80 United States gold, 
or 62 cents per pound. Faithfully yours, H. HorPENSTADT. 

San Jose dc Costa Rica, October 6, 1905. 

"CEARA"' RUBBER IN CEYLON. 

Although the Hevea and Ficus species receive by far the 
greater amount of attention among planters of rubber in Cey- 
lon, the Ceara tree (Manihot Claziovii) has not been over- 
looked. At the last shareholders' meeting of The Ceylon Land 
and Produce Co., Limited, the chairman mentioned the recent 
planting of Hevea and Castilloa, also stating : "Those of the 
Ceard trees planted years ago that now remain are flourishing. 
You will have noted that we handled a few hundred pounds last 
year at a very handsome price, and we will doubtless collect an 
increased quality during this season at a lower cost." At the 
meeting of The Consolidated Estates Co., Limited, it was stated 
that 131,000 rubber trees had been planted among their tea, 
several thousand of which were nearly ready for tapping. Most 
of the land had been planted with Pard, but they were now 



trying Castilloa and Ceara varieties on Warriagalla estate as an 
experiment. At a recent London auction Manihot rubber from 
Ceylon sold at 51. \od. [ = $1.42] per pound. 

CEYLON "para" RUBBER IN DRY WEATHER. 
A CORRESPONDENT of THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD, writing 

from Ceylon under date of October 12, said : 

"The sou'west monsoon was a total failure in Ceylon this 
year, seriously affecting the rubber estates. The Hevea likes a 
drought, no doubt of that, and the following rains bring up the 
latex wonderfully; but the flow and the yield in dry rubber is 
less in time of drought. But it was youngclearingsthat suffer- 
ed ; seed at stake plants failed, necessitating replanting and 
many young stumps or tender basket plants died. Now the 
rains are on again and planting is going forward briskly. The 
seed crop this year has been a phenomenal one, and small for- 
tunes already made out of it— that was due to drought, the seed 
setting well." 

RUBBER PROM "CAMP PEARSON." 

A RECENT number of The India Rubber World [April i. 
1905 — page 233] contained an article showing photographs of 
buildings at Camp Pearson, on the property of the Boston-Pan- 
ama Co., in Panama. Recently rubber from that camp has be- 
gun to arrive in the United States, which has sold as high as 
$1.25 a pound. As this is from wild Castilloa trees, and as the 
product formerly brought only 80 cents a pound, the difference 
between the native method of preparing the rubber and the 
cleanly methods of preparation and coagulation that are now 
in use is most apparent. The chemical analysis of a sample 
from a recent lot is as follows : 

Resinous matter 6.0 

Ash 2 

Moisture 28 

Rubber gi.o 

Total 99 o 

* * ♦ 
Director Emil Spannagel, of the Vereinigte Berlin-Frank- 
furter Gummiwaaren-Fabriken (Berlin), having followed the 
course of rubber planting with much interest for a number of 
years, has taken an interest in a large company which is en- 
gaged in planting the Kickxia elastica, together with cacao, in 
Kamerun, the company being the Kautschuk-Pflanzung " Me- 
anja " Aktiengesellschaft, with offices in Berlin and Victoria. 
[See The India Rubber World, February i, 1904— page 
166.] 

DR. ESCH ON "CASTILLOA" RUBBERS. 



TO THE Editor of The India Rubber World : I beg to 
inform you that, in the translation of my paper on 
" Caucho and Castilloa Ulei Warburg " [See our issue of No- 
vember I — page 43]. the term brote must not be rendered 
" loaves," because the said " brote " like shape is similar to the 
ordinary Matto Grosso Para ; that is to say, they have the form 
2ci.vj7t indicated in the 

sketch h e r e- 
with. Further, 
I beg to state 
that Mr. W. 

Villinger, of Antwerp, who has a fleet of steamers in Bolivian 
and other rubber districts, gave me particulars which indicate 
that the conclusions in the said paper are for the most part cor- 
rect. 1 shall endeavor to complete my article by the statements 
of other explorers. Faithfully yours, dr. werner esch. 

Hamburg, November 19, 1905. 




118 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



INDIA-RUBBER GOODS IN COMMERCE. 

EXPORTS FRO.M THE UNITED STATES. 

OFFICIAL Statement of values of exports of manufactures 
of India-rubber and Gutta-percha, for the month of Oc- 
tober, 1905, and for the first ten months of five calendar 
years: 



Months. 



Belting. 
Packing, 
and Hose. 



October, 1905 1 $102,167 

January-September. I 856,493 



Total $958,660 

Total, iyo4 , . 724.916 

Total, 1903 1 710,825 

Total, 1902 1 596272 

Total, iqoi I 502.264 



and 
Shoes. 

$114,600 
944. 4«4 

$1,059,094 

988,025 

790,903 
865,711 
713.320 



All 
other 
RubDer. 



Total. 



$ 243,905 $ 460,672 
2,127,30c , 3,928,287 



$2,371,205 

1,976,519 
2.o9o,t63 
1,659,205 
I 4"o,i76 



$4,388,959 
3,68() 460 

3.!-9=-59i 
3 121,188 
2 7<-5 769 



MEXICAN IMPORTS OF RUBBER GOODS. 

The latest report of the British consul for the disti ict of Vera 
Cruz, Mexico, gives the following figures as representing the 
value of manufacturesof Caoutchouc into Mexico for four years, 
the bracketed figures, showing the equivalents in United States 
currency, being supplied by Tnii India Rubber World : 

Fiscal year 1900-01 ;,f 25,640 L$i24,866.So] 

Fiscal year 1 901 02 22,373 [ 108,956.51] 

Fiscal year 1902-03 27,532 [ 134,080.84] 

Fiscal year 1903-04 32,224 [ 156930.88] 

In this connection may be mentioned the official statement 
of values of exports of India-rubber goods from the United 
States to Mexico for five fiscal years : 



Years. 


Belling, 


Boots 

and 

'^hoes. 


All 

other 

Rubber. 


Total. 


1899-1900 


•■? ^2,433 
113.624 
124,733 
146,035 
137.608 

$604,433 


ill 04 "^ 


« 17. ^tS 


S 130,831 

207,936 
218,410 
308,969 
285.873 

$1 . 1 52.022 


1900-01 

iqoi-02 

1002 OT 


2,526 J 91,786 
1.455 92.222 

2 609 ' if^n I'JC 


1903 04 

Total 


J, 553 
$9,186 


146,712 

I538.4O3 





German official statistics do not indicate the value of exports 
of rubber goods to Mexico, and mention the quantities (by 
weight) of only the principal classes. From a statement for the 
first nine months of three years the following figures have been 
compiled, showing weights in pounds avoirdupois of exports to 
Mexico: 

1903. 1904. Iy05. 

Hard rubber goods 18.260 26,180 17,160 

Principal classes soft rubber 44,440 41,580 79,640 

Austria also exports rubber goods to Mexico, though to what 
extent cannot be determined from official sources. During 
January-September. 1905, however, Austrian exports to Mex- 
ico are stated to have included 88,S8o pounds (in weight) of 
elastic shoe insertions. 



RUBBER ON THE STEAMER "AMERIKA." 



THE great new steamship, the Amnika, of the Hamburg- 
American line, as might be expected, is exceedingly 
well equipped with rubber goods. The largest single use of 
rubber is in the shape of matting and tiling, the five dec^s, 
" Kaiser," " Roosevelt," " Cleveland," " Washington," and 
" Franklin " all receiving their quota, although not so much 
was given to the author of " Poor Richard " as to some of the 
others. The treads are of various textures and colors, the best 
being the deeply corrugated treads used on the stairs leading 
from the " Kaiser" deck, and the square pyramidal treads on 



the stairs that lead from the main to the upper smoking room. 
The worst exhibition of the rubber art was the tiled floor of 
the smoking room, which was done in three colors, light red, 
dirty white, and chocolate. The colors were very uneven, and 
the alleged white was not nearly cured and was scarred very 
badly. The extensive corridors on the various decks were cov- 
ered with rubber in black and white squares, which was very 
pretty, but a trifle too smooth. The main staircases were cov- 
ered with white rubber, which 
was perfectly smooth, and as it 
was constantly being washed, 
made walking perilous, particu- 
larly if the boat rolled or pitched. 
In addition to these were a great 
variety of lesser rubber appli- 
ances, such as big rubber cush- 
ioned door stops, square white 
mats in each cabin to protect the 
carpet from slopping, supposing 
BOTTLE OR MUQ MAT. anybody cared to bathe ; and very 

pretty red mats on the smoking room tables on which to set 
apollinaris bottles and the like. This covers, of course, rubber 
that is in sight, and takes no account of the valves, packings, 
hose, and engineering supplies of that sort. 




RUBBER COIN MAT NOVELTIES. 



THE average American is pretty sure that he knows all 
about cash mats, but a very casual analysis of his knowl- 
edge would easily prove that it was confined almost wholly, 
as far as markets go, to the United States. The German man- 
ufacturers, however, are making mats in many styles, not only 
for Germany, but for the whole world ; that is, where they are 
applicable. The Vereinigte Berlin-Frankfurter Gummiwaren- 
Fabriken, for example, make half a dozen different types — 
square, round, and octagonal — with surfaces that are either fin- 
ished in rubber spikes, pyramids, or rings, and that are often 
furnished with very pretty nickel borders, and sometimes with 
tin borders on which are printed gorgeous and even attractive 
advertisements. 

A carious bit of information concerning the market for cash 
mats was developed soon after the company began to seek the 
world's trade. It was found that in Italy and Spain, and in 
some Latin American countries, where there is often a ques- 
tion as to the integrity of the silver or gold coins that the cus- 
tomer pays, the cash mat is not welcomed, both buyer and seller 
preferring to have a resonant counter on which they can ring 
the coin to prove its genuineness. 



BALLOONS IN THE WEATHER SERVICE. 



IT is well known that the weather bureaus the world over — 
French, German, Russian, English, and American — have 
certain experiment stations which work in conjunction and try 
experiments at the same time. One very interesting experi- 
ment is the sending up of rubber balloons about 5 feet in diam- 
eter, to which are attached thermometers and other instruments 
which are self registering, the balloons being allowed to go as 
high as they will until they finally burst. It is an interesting 
fact that all of these balloonsare made in Germany, by the Con- 
tinental-Caoutchouc- und Guttapercha Compagnie (Hannover) 
While the writer was at the factory of this company recently 
a shipment of 50 of these balloons went to a German steam- 
ship that was starting oflf for a voyage around the world to get 
hydrographic data. 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



119 



RECENT RUBBER PATENTS. 



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 

Issued October 31, 1905. 

NO. 802, g82. lloze nozzle. H. Oibbs, assignor to \V. V. Allen 
Manufacturing Co., both of Chicago. 

803.011. Tire for vehicle wheels. [Solid; combined with undercut 
channelled rim, and special retaining wiies ] C. Molz, Akron, 
Ohio. 

803.053. Tire. [Pneumatic ; with reinforced casing and special sup- 
porting felly] H. G. Fiske, assigno>, by mesne assignments, to 
Morton Trust Co., both of New York city. 

803,095. Fire hose apparatus. [For interior fire protection equip- 
ment.] E. Clift, East Orange, N. J., assignor to Cliff & Guibert 
Co., New York city. 

803.127. Hose couplinij. C. T. Palmer, Chicago. 

803.128. Hose coupling. Same. 

803,170. Atomizer or nebulizer. O. C. Knight, assignor to The Na- 
tional Vaporizer Co , both of Kalamazoo. Mich. 

803,211. Horseshoe cushion. P. Cliflord, assignor of one half to D. 
J. Corbett, both of Huffalo, N. Y. 

803,219. Hoof pad. W. B. Fairweather and G. Duffield. Chicago. 

803,326. Vehicle wheel [with tire composed of short segmental links 
having elastic cushions between them. J J. M. Carpenter, Millers- 
burg, Ohio. 

803.344. Horse collar [with inflatable pads]. J. S. Hull, Manly, near 
Sydney, New South Wales. 

803.345. Pneumatic tired wheel. T. 15. Jeffery, Kenosha, Wis. 
S03.367. Cushion tire. C. G. Shaw and W. J. Shaw, I,os Angeles, 

Calif. 

803.500. Vehicle wheel [with cushion tire]. W. J. Mitchell and J. R. 
Mitchell, Lynn, Mass. 

803.501. Vehicle wheel [with cushion tire]. Same. 

803,510. Pneumatic tire. W. A. Sanky, Sutton, assignor to F. Red- 
daway, Pendleton, Manchester, England. 

Trade Marks, 

176. India-rubber tires, solid and pneumatic, and India-rubber cover 
band.iges, repair sheets, plasters, and patches for such tires. Con- 
tinental Caoutchouc Co., New York city. Essential feature. — The 
word CONTINENTAL. 

4,488. Rubber composition and joint packing. The Garlock Packing 
Co.. Palmyra. N. Y. Essential feature. — The representation of a 
pair of calipers crossed by a measuring scale, between which appears 
a diamond shaped figure containing the word GARLOCK. 

Issued November 7, 1905. 

803.658. Cycle tire. A. S. Allen, Brookline, Mass. 

803.659. Pneumatic tire [with tread protected by coils of wire]. 
Same. 

803,927. Fountain pen. E. Reisert, Hennef, Germany. 

803,989. Armored tire. C. W. Caterson, Franklin Forks, Pa, 

804. 0S6. Womb supporter [comprising a tube of flexible material coiled 
upon itsself to provide two substantially frusto conical members 
united at their ends of smallest diameter; and a device for permit- 
ting inflation of said tube]. M. J. Barchfeld and F. C- Hunt, 
Girard, Ohio. 

894,088. Pneumatic tire. M. H. Blakeslee, assignor of one half to 
R. D. Baker, both of Buffalo, N. Y. 

l\eissue. 

12,402. Vehicle tire. H. Lutz, assignor of two fifths to B. Harris, 
both of Hamilton, Canada. 

Trade Marks. 

324. Rubber overshoes. The Adams & Ford Co., Cleveland, Ohio. 
Essential feature. — The word EVERSTICK in which there is an ex- 
tended flourish under the body of the word from the initial to the 
final letter. 

9 006. India-rubber auto-bags and auto-pouches. Continental Caout- 
chouc Co., New York city. Essential feature. — The word CON- 
TINENTAL. 

Issued November 14, 1905. 
804.218. Gymnastic apparatus. R. Fiedler, Berlin, Germany. 
804,226. Horseshoe [with elastic bottom plate]. H. Henne, Diis- 

seldorf, Germany. 
804,272. Respirator [with valve-controlled air inlet and outlet]. W. 

Schwartz, Pforzheim, Germany. 



804.368. Resilient tire. [Pneumatic J W. F. Beasley, Pljmtuih, 
N. C. 

804.369. Resilient tire. [With core of longitudinal truss walls.] Same. 

804.406. Finger shield [and supporting strap]. Daisy Hungsd, 
Rochester, N. V. 

804.407. Syringe. [Fountain syringe with supporting frame for the 
bag. I A. B. Jamison, New York city. 

804,574. Jaf closure [embracing a resilient washer]. T. Beatly, Wash- 
ington, Pa. 

804,584. Syringe. [Vaginal.] C. J. Davol, Providence, R. I., as- 
signor to Davol Rubber Co. 

804,605. Vehicle wheel [with cushion tircj. G. G. Jackson, Alle- 
gheny, Pa. 

804,613. Vehicle tire. [Pneumatic] Frank A. Magowan, Trenton, 
N.J. 

804,680. Scalp massage brush. R. M. Smith, Chicago. 

804,701. Pneumatic tire. O. M. Bigger, Holt, Cal. 

804.750. Operating pad or receptacle (comprising a bottom and an in- 
flatable cushion wall]. C. W. Meinecke, Jersey City, and D Ho- 
gan, Hoboken, N. J., assignors to Whitall Tatum Co., New York 
city. 

804,772. Vehicle tire. [With core formed wholly or in part of rubber 
coated yarns.] F. O. .Saylor, Franklin, Mass., assignor to M. and 
S. Tire Co., Boston. 

Trade Mark, 

10,725. Fabric hose. Eureka Fire Hose Co., fersey City, N. J. Es- 
sential feature.— 'C\ie. words EUREKA PEERLESS. 
Issued November 21, 1905. 
804,847. Fountain pen. J. Holland, Cincinnati. 

804.850. Article of manufacture comprising leather and rubber bodies. 
C. L. I'-eson. Boston. 

804.851. Method of attaching rubber to leather. Same. 

804.852. Resilient tire. [Pneumatic ; with leather wearing tread.] 
Same. 

804.853. Method of attachment of rubber and leather. Same. 

804.854. Art of vulcanizing leather and rubber. [Adapted to the tire 
manufacture.] Same. 

804, 855. Leather wearing tread for resilient tires. Same. 

804.891. Vehicle tire [composed of concentric alternate layers of rub- 
ber and fiber]. A. J. Slade. New York city. 

804.892. Protective tread for pneumatic tire. J. M. Small, Piqua. 
Ohio. 

804.896. Vehicle tire and rim. W. C. State, Akron, Ohio, assignor to 
the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. 

804,992. Hose coupling. A. Anderson, Chicago. 

805,023. Garden hose support. J. McBoyle, Oakland, Cal. 

805,088. Cushion heel. W. T. McLaughlin, Boston. 

805,132. Baseball bat [with corrugated rubber grip]. W. F. Gub- 
bins. Chicago. 

805,339. Syringe. [Vaginal; spray tube provided with a series of dis- 
tending fingers.] J. J. Brin, Chicago. 

805.371. Ice helmet. C. W. Meinecke. Jersey City, and D. Hogan, 
Hi/boken, N. J., assignors to Whitall Tatum Co., New York. 

805.410. Horseshoe [with elastic cushion], J. H Carey, Hartford, 
Conn., Mary A. Carey, administratrix of said J. H. Carey, deceased. 

Designs. 

37.684. Mat. A. J. O'Brien, assignor to New Jersey Car Spring and 
Rubber Co. Claim. — The ornamental design for a mat as shown. 

37,686. Nebulizer. A. C. Eggers, New York, assignor to (loodyear's 
India-rubber Glove Mfg. Co. Claim, — The ornamental design for 
a nebulizer as shown. 

Issued November 28, 1905. 

S05.434. Vehicle tire. [Cushion.] L. E. Allen and W. J. Poyser, 

Canton, Ohio. 
S05.474. Means for inflating rubber tires. A. G. Lavertine and J. E. 

McNellan, Johannesburg, Transvaal. 
805,503. Vulcanizing hard rubber articles having interior cavities. H. 

O. Traun, Hamburg, (Germany. 
805,511. Device for supporting fire hose, life preservers, etc. T. F. 

Adams, New York city. 
805.528. V'ehicle wheel [wi-.h rope tread tire]. E. Cantono, Rome, 

Italy. 
805,591. Non puncturable tire. L. A. Davidson and J. M. Logan 

Hartford, Conn. 



120 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



805,606. lit idle bit [covered with rubber]. II. T. Werk, CleveLind. 

Ohio. 
805,744. Hose coupling. J. F. McElroy. Albany, N. Y., assignor to 

Consolidated Car Heating Co. 
805,750. Hat and cap [having a pneumatic e.xpansible pad with means 

for inflation]. M. Redgrave. Jersey City, N. J. 
805,826. Vaginal irrigator. M. Vidaver, New York city. 
805,851. Medicinal injector [comprisinga tube and compressible bulbj. 

N. J. Goldfarb, Diisseldorf, Germany. 
806,013. Means for securing pneumatic tires to rims of wheels. S. 

Smi h. Providence, R. T. 

Traile Marks. 

6,073. Rubber heels and soles. Massachusetts Chemical Co., Boston. 
Essential ffalure.— The words CAT'S PAW. 

9.280. Rubber for dental purposes. Traun Rubber Co.. New York 
city. Essential ftaiuie. — The representation of a man in the act of 
throwing stones, the lower limbs of said man terminating in snakes. 

13,562. Golf balls. .-V. G. Spalding & Bros. , New York city. Essential 
feature. — The representation or a spot or dot of color contrasting 
with the surface color of the goods on which it is placed. 

13,715. Insulating tape. The Standard Paint Co., New York city. 
Essential feature. — The representation of a peacock with his tail 
spread cut within a circle, in which also appear the letters SPG. 
This is surrounded by a black ring on which appears at the top the 
word PEACOCK. 



GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. 

Patent Specifications Published. 

Tlie miiiiber given is that assigned to the Patent at the filing of tlie Applica- 
tion, which in tlie case of those listed below was in igc4. 

* Denotes Patents for A tnerican Invenlions, 

[Abstracted in thh Official Journal, OcTor.LR 25, 1905. j 

14,884 (ig04). Vehicle wheel [with rubber or pneumatic springs in- 
stead of metal]. J. S. Phillips, Swords, Dublin. 

* 14,920 (1904). Pad for gilding [of porous rubber], W. H. Cobb, 

Providence, Rhode Island. 

* '4.957 {1904)- Pneumatic tire. [To facilitate attachment and removal 

of covers a flat rim having a flange at each edge is secured to the 
felloe by bolts ] G. H. Sherman and A. T. Sherman, Detroit. 
Michigan. 

14,965(1904). Pneumatic tire. [Puncture and slip preventing cover 
formed of a band of leather, furnished with rivets on the tread and 
notched to form tongues to which are fitted metallic hooks engagirg 
fixing wires.] A. Beaujon, Paris. 

15.031 (1904). Elastic tire [with an inner rim and an outer rim of con- 
siderably greater diameter]. R. Basch and S. Basch, London. 

15,039(1904). Brush [made of fiber. India-rubber, etc., and fixed to 
holders so that they can be inserted through bungholes and used to 
clean the interior of casks], H. C. Russell, London. 

* 15,064 (1904). .Syringe [having a series of expansible fingers so con- 

structed as to be easily taken apart]. E. E. Hall, Chicago. Illi- 
nois. 

15,097(1904). Means for repairing tire punctures. II. Harrison, Bir- 
mingham. 

15,140(1904). Reservoir pen. [Two ink ducts are provided in the 
plug holding the nib ; one supplies ink to the top of the nib, the 
other to the underside.] E. de La Rue, London. 

15,168 (1904). Reservoir pen. J. S. Crowley, London. 

(AlSTRACTHD IN THB OFFICIAL JOURNAL, NovHMCER I, 19O5.] 

15,280 ((1904). Pneumatic tire. [Cover formed of casings of flexible 
metallic fabric capable alone of resisting pressure in air tubes.] C. 
Joly and R. Boucher, London. 

15,299(1904). Valve for inflating tires. P^. E. Michelin, Clermont- 
Ferrand, France. 

15,436(1904). Regenerating India-rubber. [Powdered vulcanized rub- 
ber is mixed with sulphur absorbing compounds of the alkalies, 
compressed into cakes, and heated.] A. Kittel, Vienna, Austria. 

'15. 45' ('904). Pneumatic massage apparatus applicable to the ear. 

F. H. Crabtree, Anaconda, Montana. 
I5>6i3 (1904). Pneumatic tire. [Anti-skidding device — strip of metal 

gauze secured by wire stitching to outer chain-mail covering] E. 

N. Lawley, London. 
15,644(1904). Heel protector. J. Hanlon, Liverpool. 
15.660(1904). Heel protector. G. Morton, Manchester. 



[Arstkactbd in tup. Official Journal, NovkmurrS, 1905.] 

'5'7'5 (■904)- Hoof pad [with frog attached to pad by studs formed 
and fitted into holes in the pad]. H. T. Pearce, Stroud. 

15,842 (1904). Brush [fined with self-feeding means for supplying 
liquid]. A. L. Tyerman, Liverpool. 

15,863(1904). Elastic tire [consisting of rubber blocks fitted in sepa- 
rate metal shoes secured to the rim by a series of bolts]. M. H. 
Smith, London. 

15.970(1904). Heel protector. J. L. Penny, Wolverhampton, and J. 
E. McFarlane, East Riding, Yorkshire. 

* 15.984 (1904). Pneumatic tire. [With flexible reversible tread to 

prevent slipping and adapted for driving wheels. H. de L. Weed, 
Canastota, and J. S. Pickell, Syracuse, New York. 
15,999(1904). Waterproof sole for slippers. II. Hargreaves, Bolton, 
Lancashire. 

[Abstracted in thf Official Journal, Novsmbbr 15, 1905.] 

16,134(1904). Horseshoe with rubber projections. T. Wood, Charl- 
ton-on-Medlock, .Manchester. 

i6,t43 (1904). Boot sole and heel. J. Newton, Longton, Stafford- 
shire. 

16,378(1904). Golf ball [with core wound from rubber tubing, sealed 
at the end and containing compressed airj. T. Harvey. Waterville, 
Ireland, 

16,385 (1904), Pneumatic tire [having a removable rim which carries 
the outer cover], F. Courthope, Middlesex. 

•16,458(1904). Elastic tire | with side extensions around which are 
placed rings to hold the tire in the rim]. B. F. Kenna, Philadelphia. 

16,518(1904). Reservoir pen. L. C. Sloan,' London. 

[AaSTRACTED IN THE OFFICIAL JoURNAL, No\ EMLER 22, iq05.] 

16,629 (1904). Heel protector. H. B. Morrison. Singleton, New 
South Wales. 

16,632 (1904). Waterproofing composition for boots. [Gutta-percha 
and tar.] L. Levy. Cologne. Germany. 

16,660(1904). Pneumatic tire [with method to stop punctures]. E. 
Richard and J. Joussame, Bordeaux, P" ranee. 

16,681 (1904). Pneumatic tire [with leather band to prevent side slip]. 
W. S. Cort and W. H. Stevens, Market Harborough. 

16,697 (1904). Pneumatic tire [with metal studs to prevent side slip- 
ping], C. H. Wilkinson, Huddersfield. 

16,802(1904). Feeding appliance for animals. [A tank with rubber 
teats arranged therein,] J. D. Macmillan and C. Campbell. Coun- 
ty l^ueens, Ireland. 

16,849(1904). Pneumatic tire [with flexible metallic bands to prevent 
side slip] H. Ellison, Cleckheaton, Yorkshire. 

16,866 (1904). Heel protector. W. Sagar, J. Sagar, I. Ingham, Padi- 
ham, Lancashire, and E. D, Little, Blackburn. 

16,870 (1904). Elastic tire. [Annular rings of rubber secured by bolts 
to the rim.] J. Richardson, .South Park, Lincoln. 

16,924 (1904). Golf ball. [The core is wound from heated strips of 
rubber coated with a suitable solvent, after which the core is cov- 
ered with Gutta-percha.] C. T. Kingzett, Chislehurst. 

17,006 (1904). Means for inflating pneumatic tires. P. Rupp, Wtir- 
temburg, Germany. 

17,015(1904). Rubber tiling. [.Made antiseptic by the inclusion of i 
to 10 per cent, or other proportions of carbolic acid, chloride of 
lime, or the like. The tilts can be used on shipboard or in lava- 
tories,] C. H. Gray, India Rubber, Gutta-Percha, and Telegraph 
Works, Silvertown. 

[Abstracted in the Official Journal, Novemker 29, rgos.l 

17. '35 (1904). Heel protector. G. L. Scott, Rochdale. 

17,208(1904). Golf ball. [Made by impregnating woolen yarn wilh 
rubber solution and winding it upon a core,] P. Cruickshank, 
Edinburgh. 

17,216(1904). Valve for inflating tires. E. Kudell, Coin, Germany. 

17.233 (1904). Tire inflator. Dover, Ltd., and H. W. Dover, St. 
James, Northampton. 

17,285 (1904). Electric insulator [with inner cap and shield of hard 
rubber]. F. G, Kleinsteuber, Pankow, near Berlin. 

17,289 (1904). Apparatus for repairing tires, boots, etc. A. S. Bow- 
ley, Putney, Surrey, and T. W. Hanmer, Uckfield, Sussex. 

* '7.3'3 (1904)- Devulcanizing India-rubber. [By the use of an alka- 

line solution ] R. B. Price, Chicago, Illinois. 

17,342 (1904). Sole and heel protector. H. W. Bernthal, Chatham. 

17.495 (1904)- Non slipping puncture proof jacket of steel for pneu- 
matic tires. C. F. and C. Watson, Holloway road. 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER V/ORLD 



12i 



17,51s (1904). Vehicle wheel [having two tires side by side, to prevent 
slipping]. A. W. Prentice, Cambuslang, Lanarkshire, and A. 
Shiels, London. 

■7.555(1904). Golf ball. [Ground cork impregnated with a solution 
of rubber is put into uaphtha, dried, heated, and molded to form 
the core ; outer cover formed of rubber.] J. Macneil, Glasgow. 

Patents Applied For — 1905. 

Space is Kiven here only to -Applications for Patents on Inventions from tile 
United States. 

21,540. Thomas Midgely, London. Improvement in tires. Oct. 23. 

22,815. Charles A. Davol, London. Improvement in syringes. Nov. 7. 

23,894. C. J, Barrel!, London. Protective cover for tires. Nov. 20. 

23,886. S. H. Hodges, Leicester. Fountain pen. Nov. 20. 

THE FRENCH REPUBLIC. 

Patf.nts Issued (With Dates of Application). 

354,541 (May 23, 1905). G. S. Squires. Carriage tire, 
354,574 (May 24). A. D. Zurenger. The use of webbing in the Caout- 
chouc manufacture to make the product untearable, and to preserve 
its elasticity. 
354,642 (May 25). G. Kaulhausen. Protecting device for pneumatic 
tires. 

354.653 (May 25). E. Lapisse. Protector for pneumatic tires. 

351.654 (May 25). E. Lapisse. Clasping device for pneumatic tire pro- 
tectors. 

354,671 (May 26). Bowly and Runyon. Tire in sections. 

354,677 (May 26). Sadler. Tiie for motor cars. 

354 659 (May 26). J. Gibernon. Pneumatic horse collar. 

354i455 (April 5). G. Desclee. Fitting device for pneumatic 01 other 
rubber tires. 

354,684 (May 26). Dessaint and Toquillon. Decorticating machine for 
Hunts and rubber roots. 

354.723 (May 27), Societe Michelin et Cie. Process for making leath- 
er protective covers for pneumatic tires. 

354,727 (May 27). F. Franck. Braces (suspenders) with elastic attach- 
ment. 

350,113 (April II). B. Roux. Process for the manufacture of tubing 
and hose from reclaimed rubber. 

354,914 (April II). Penavayre and Lunis, Buff leather movable pro- 
tector for tires. 

354.975 (Ju"e 6). McKim. Pneumatic tire. 

354,883 (June 3). J. M. Jacquemin. New application of India-rubber 
to certain parts of footwear. 

354.9S8(June 6). C. Pierson. Tubes for inflating tires. 

355. 0'6 (June 7). P. Germain. Rubber treated artificial silk. 

355.017 (June 7.) P. Germain. Vulcanizing and reclaiming process 
for Caoutchouc. 

355.057 (April 19). Mme. Eruchet. Protector for pneumatic tires. 

355.092 (June 8). C. Motz. Elastic tire. 

355,108 (June 9). J. Lepietre. Removable air tube for pneumatic tires. 

355.257 (June 15). G. H. C. Allie. Pneumatic tire. 

[MoTi.— Printed copies of specitications of French patents may be obtained 
from R. Bobet, Iiigenieur-Counseit, 1*1 avenue de VilUcrs, Paris, at 50 cents each, 
postpaid,] 



WHY DO BUSINESS WITHOUT A PROFIT.? 



TO THE Editor of The India Rubber World : The man- 
ufacturers whose principal raw materials consist of rub- 
ber and cotton are confronted with the prospect of continued 
high prices lor raw material. Will they have sufficient cour- 
age to advance their selling prices high enough to enable them 
to make a fair manufacturer's profit, or will they wait until the 
weak ones fail and the weary ones become tired } 

In the leather boot and shoe business the tanners of leather 
have been told by the shoe manufacturers year after year that 
they should not advance the price of leather, because it would 
injure the shoe manufacturer, for the price of shoescould not be 
advanced. 

Experience has shown that, after some of the weak ones had 



failed, and others had become weary and retired from business, 
the demand for shoes equalled the supply, and then the shoe 
manufacturers found out, to their surprise, that they could ad- 
vance the price of shoes, and they did. 

Why should you do what you don't want to. when you don't 
want to ? J. 

Boston, December 8, 1905, 



AIR BRAKE HOSE ON FREIGHT TRAINS. 

AT the hearing of railroad men before the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission, in regard to air brake hose, mention- 
ed in The India Rubber World last month (page 91), F. H. 
Clark, general superintendent of motive power of the Chicago, 
Burlington, and Ouincy Railroad Co., testified : 

In order to illustrate the effort being made by railroads to equip their 
cars, I would state that a rule was passed on June i, 1905, by the Mas- 
ter Car Builders' Association, providing that after September i, 1907, a 
railroad receiving a non equipped car shall hold the delivering company 
responsible, shall repair it themselves and send the bill to the delivering 
company, not to the owning company. The effect of this lule is that all 
cars must be equipped with air brakes by that date. 

F. R. Clark, head of the Railway Conductors' Order, testi- 
fied before the commission : 

From my knowledge of the emplojos' feelings I can say that they be- 
lieve that perfection can only be reached when the railroads are required 
to have all their cars equipped and in use [with air brakes]. The em- 
ployes are willing to overlook unavoidable failure to keep up the e.\act 
percentage of 100. but they demand its general enforcement. 

Figures show that the railroads have used an average of ntarly 90 per 
cent, of air braked cars during the" last six months ; the Pennsylvania 
has used 76 percent. Previously in answering arguments of railways, 
I stated that the railways would make such savings in operating ex- 
penses on account of installing air brakes that they would be able to pay 
for the installation. This is the case ; the Pennsylvania, for example, 
has reduced its force of brakemen in the proportion of 3 to 2 on 100 per 
cent, trains. Of course this reduction increases danger for three men 
can much better attend to signals and flagging than two, but the rail- 
roads have been able to recoup their expense by this policy of retrench- 
ment. The principal reason that the railroads resist a 100 per cent, re- 
quirement is that they have old cars not fit to equip with air brakes and 
they wish to get full use out of them. 

The employes aie unanimous in their opinion that the use of the 
power brake is necessary to safety. I am willing therefore to accept in 
their name an order by the commission that on and after July i, 1907, 
100 per cent, of all cars used by railroads snail be equipped and operated 
with air brakes. No car can be unused but all must be connected and 
in use. What is wanted is a final settlement and not a series of hear- 
ings over each proposed increase in the minimum. 

As was mentioned last month, a new order of the Interstate 
Commerce Commission requires that no freight train, after 
August I, 1906, shall be operated with less than 75 per cent, of 
the cars equipped with air brakes in actual use. The intention 
of the commission is to bring about the completeequipment of 
all freight cars with air brakes as speedily as the railway com- 
panies become able to comply fully with the law. 



At the annual meeting of Klang Coflee Cultivation Co., 
Limited (Penang, August 29), the report was less favorable re- 
garding coflee than had been anticipated, due to an abnormal 
drought. The first sale had been made of the rubber from the 
estate; there were about 41,500 rubber trees, of which about 
800 were 7 years old. The manager was congratulated upon 
winning for the estate the Governor's Cup at the Agri Horti- 
cultural show at Penang this year, as well as at Kuala Lumpur 
last year. 



122 



THE INDIA RUBBER V/ORLD 



[J.iVNUARY I, 1906. 



OFFICIAL STATISTICS OF INDIA-RUBBER AND GUTTA-PERCHA. 

For the United States Fiscal Year Ended June jo, ipoj. 



INDIA-RUBBER. 

I. — Imports of Crude India-Rubber, by 
Countries. 



From- 



Hwvpe : 

Belgium 

France 

Germany 

Netherlands 

PoriuKal 

United Kingdom .. 



Total 



Xorth America : 

British Houdnias 

Quebec. Ontario .. . 

(josla Klca 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

NlcaniKUa 

Pauam i . . 

Siiivailor 

Me.Mco 

\Ve<t Indies— British.. 
Cuba.... 



Total. 



SinUh America: 

Brazil 

Colombia 

Ecuador ■ • 

Guian.i— Brilish 

Dutch 

Peru 

Venezuela 



Pounds. 




24.570.485 

26.951 

9,37'.i 

152.022 

80,006 

82,342 
769,381 
261,461 

!)2 03! 
352,690 

4.05:: 

275 



Total. 



-■Isid; 
East Indies— British India, 
SIS. Settlem'ts 
OrherBritish. 

Dutch 

Honjikong 

Slam 

Turki'V in Asia ... 

Total 

Africa : 
British Africa— West 



1.796,652 



36 593,555 
«22,477 
863,484 
3.400 
8,895 
174.781 
441,056 



Total . 



(iitAND Total . 

Total. 1903 04 .. 
Total, 1902-03 . 
Total, 1901-02.. 
Totol, 19011-01 .. 
Total, 1899 00 .. 
Total 1.S98-99 . . 
Total, 1.807-98 .. 
Total, 1890-97 . 
Total. 189">-96 . 



38,710.618 

202 451 
1,899,376 
4.298 
6,7 
12,135 
5.326 
2,916 



Value. 



S 4.602 .597 

6011.853 

2 368,370 

349.089 

3,19l..541 

7.200,647 



J18.306,09r 

S 16,662 

7.914 

83,301 

36.879 

42.k;'9 

488,767 

154033 

21,269 

185 951 

2,.531 

140 



$1.036,2J6 



$28,476,262 
333,630 
638.172 
886 
3.576 
119.297 
228.456 



S.9,720,28> 

SUS,i;6 
624.6.63 
6,051 
5494 
9,3 9 
4 804 
1,474 



2.132.S49I §800 531 



Sn,I94 



24,122 



$11,191 



67,234,2561 519,878,366 



59.015,551! $40 444. 
1.436 
1.899. 
(,4.65, 
,376 

?or 

i,SS6 
,457, 
;,60:!, 



,55,010,5:1 
50,413,48! 
65.275,.629l 
49,377.1381 
61.063,1)66 
46,055.497 
36,.674.449 
.16.774.4(0 



.30.4 

24.1 

28,4 

31. 

SI.' 

25,: 

17 

10, e 



III. 



-Imports of Crude India-Rubber, 
Customs Districts. 



by 



Pounds. 



Value. 



Biltiniore 25,ono 

Boston and Charlestown.. 2.407,631 

New York . t;4,193.1"0 

New Orleans 436.813 

.''aluria.Tex 52,6.'4 

San Francisco lul,05l 

Chicago 7.204 

Niagara, N.Y l,.'Ou 

Vermont 7.358| 

Other ports 1,906 

Total I 6 7. 234.256' $49 878 366 

IV. — Imports of Manufactures of India- 
Rubber, by Customs Districts. 



4,247 

1.620,878 

47,872.421 

285 651 

24.022 

66,963 

5,770 

1,244 

6,03; 

1,246 



II.— Imports of Crude Gutta-Percha, 
Countries. 



by 



Ax- 



Baltimore 

Boston and Cliarleslowu 

Fall Kiver, M:..>s 

Newport ^ews, Va 

New York, M. V 

Pnlladelpliia , 

Providence K". 1 

Galvesto:i 

New Orleans 

.Maska 

Hawaii 

l,os .-Vn^eles 

.San Francisco. .. 

I Chicago 

Cuyahoga. Ohio 

Vermont. A't 

Kansas City. Mo. .. '....'. 

St. Louis 

Porto Rico 

Olher New Kiigland ports. 

Other New York ports 

Another ports 



Value. 



1,013 
!,982 



1,225, 
15, 



Total 1901-05. 



,852 
,436 
603 
993 
886 
909 
,095 
,030 
,954 
730 
,309 
614 
,506 
610 
766 
52n 
,320 



SI, 89,004 



From— 

France 

Germany 

Netherlands 

United Kingdom 

West Indies-British 

Oolombi:) 

Guiana— British 

—Dutch 

British India 


Pounds. 

892 
166.773 
2,800 
146.525 
77,947 
128 
87,742 
43,898 

139.112 


Value. 

$ B25 
74,283 
616 
42.478 
23,783 
41 
35,497 
18,667 


Straits Settlements 


14 348 






Total, I'.ioi-O.j 

Total. i;«i3 Ot 

'I'olal, 1902 03 

Total, 1801-02 

QUTTA-JULETONQ (FONTIANAK). 

United Kingdom .... 

Si raits Settlements 


665,217 

424.617 
316,290 
525,7t7 

19,917 

19,032,765 

15,285 

36,864 

19,104,911 

14,887.416 
13.984,817 
16,850.821 


$210,188 

$174,953 
222.400 
252,329 

$ 1,005 

639,239 

546 


French colonies 


529 


Total, 1901-05 


$641,319 

S430 231 
345,431 
501.418 


Total, 1903-04 

Total. 19C2 03 

Total. 1901-02 



RUBBER SCRAP. 

Quantity and Value of Imports, by 
Countries. 



Fro 



V. — Exports of Manufactures of India- 
Rubber (and Gutta-Percha), by 
Customs Districts. 



I Belling, 
P.icking, 
and Hose. 



Boots 

and 

Shoes. 



II. — Imports of Manufactures of India- 
Rubber, by Countries. 

[; Indicates Increase; — indicates r>ecrease ; com- 
pared with preceding year.] 



Fkom — 



A iistrla- Hungary 

Belgium 

France 

(lermany 

Italy 

Netherlands 

Kussia on H iltlc and \v hite •^••as . 

Swit/.erland 

United Kingdnm 

ynebcc. Ontario. Man loba, etc... 

British Columbia 

Hongkong, 

.lap '11 

British Australasia 

Other Countries 



Tolal, 190103 .. 

Total. 1903-04... 
Total, 1902-03 . 
Total. 1901-02... 
Total, lono-oi... 
Total, 18K)4)0... 
Total, 1898-99 . . 



Value. 



,806+ 

,634+ 

,260 

,452- 

,286— 

A 19- 

,990- 

,579— 



Bangor. .Vie 

Boston and Charles'n 

j New York 

I Pa'samaquoddv, Me.. 

Ai izona 

I'aso del Norte, Tex.. 

Saliiria,Tex. 

Alaska 

Puget Sound 

San Francisco 

Detroit 

Cliamplain, N. Y 

Mempliremagog, Vt . . 

Niagara. N Y 

Vermont, A't 

N. and S. Dakota . . 

Other pons; 

Total 



$ 1 940I s 

10291 
645,181) 

2.478 
13.711 
34,240' 
15 79.-)( 
73:'j 
19 8821 
118.4421 
: 8,788; 

3 6.371 
10,6391 
1 1,720| 
:M 723 

7.158' 
22.831 



1,221 
439.471 
613.746 

3.2U 
929 

51 
34211 
11 437 

5,5,177 
.370 

no 

422 

3 039 

47 225 

3.373 

321 



$994.1001 $1,214 342 S2,.572.376 



All 

Olher 

Rubber 



2.7 6 

268 6t8 

1,359,146 

0.69 

8,176 

21,901 

13..3-.0 

10,026 

23.322 

202,493 

43.810 

126.976 

14 145 

136.472 

126.8 2 

16 287 

198.6! 9 



GUTTA-PERCHA. 

I.— Imports of Manufactures of Gufa- 
Percha, by Countries 



Belgium 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Italy 

Netheri;=nds 

Russia- Balllc Sea 

Russia— Black Sea 

Norway 

Sweden 

Turkey In Europe 

United Kingdom 

Nova Scotia. N. Bruoswici- 
Quebec, Ontai lo, Manitoba 

British Columbia 

Newfoundland, Labiador.. 

.Mexico 

Miquelon. Langley . .. . 

Cuoa 

Venezuela 

Turkey in -Vsia 

British Australasia. - 




Total, 1904-05.. 

Total. 1903-04... 
Total. 1902-03... 
Tolal, 1901-02 .. 
Total. 1900-01... 



16,675,214 

20,270,970 
24.659,894 
22.894,900 
15,235.236 



A'.ilue. 

i 1.303 

3112 

46.023 

118.840 

399 

799 

2.59 206 

142.637 

21.078 

34,424 

27,860 

133 807 

21.671 

103.415 

2.207 

1,276 

353 

64 

2,916 

10 

969 

10 

5053,439 

81,164,785 

1,516,137 

1.437,910 

988,316 



RECLAIMED RUBBER. 

Value of Exports, by Countries, for Four 
Years. 



Value, 

I90I-(2. 



10:3 - I 
530- 
496— 
247- 
61 — 



From- 



AiHtria-Hungary, 

I Relgluin 

$1,389,064 France 

Germany 

S82I..526 Netherlands .. 
665.972 United Kingdom 

449 7.66 .Japan 

47-.663 Other countries . 

564 083 

379,309 Total, 1904-0: 



Value. 

$ 49 

11.416 

2,983 

67,740 

13,753 

21,452 

305 

37 

$117,735 



Austria-Hungary. 

Belgium 

France 

Germany, 

Italy 

Netherlands 

DermarU 

Russia 

Spain 

Sweden-Norway. . 

Great Britain 

Canada 

Mexico 

.Japan 

Australia 

Other lands 



5 ,»0 

1.250 

38.310 

20.191 

12291 

6,650 

2 809 

5,552 

18 318 

320,844 

143,276 

42 

176 



Value, Value, Value, 
1902-03, 1903-04. 1904-05. 



i 48 
1.084 

13.9.32 
I9.42S 
1 1 .284 
9.019 

" 4i8 

1.774 

215.904 

129,216 

1,368 



40 



85 
566 



1,151! 
26,398 
.55,739 
20,225 

6,932 



8.442 
380,208 
212,310 



9,166 
39,816 
30,664 
18,744 
24.705 

1,253 



10.394 
402,830 
162.154 



13147 

4,100 

185 



Total ^',CT.6P«'S404,586|$712,835.?727.847 



January i, i9«6.J 



THh. INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



123 



Exports of American Rubber Goods. 



RUBBER INTERESTS IN EUROPE. 



FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30. 1905. 



I Belling, 

EXPORTED TO— P^ickini;. 

and Hose. 



EUROIE : 

Austrla-Huugary ... 

Azores, Madeira Islands.. 

Belgliiin 

Dauiiiark 

b'rauce 

Germany .. 

Ureece 

Itaiy 

Nellierlands 

PortUKi*! 

Kouiiianla 

Kiissia on HilUe Sea 

Russia on Klack Sea 

»paln 

Norway 

Sweden 

8wltzerlaiHt 

Turkey in Kurope 

United KiiiKdoin 



Boots and Shoes. 
Pairs. 



Total, Europe 

NoHTii Amebica: 

UerinnUa 

Kritlsti Honduras 

Nova Scotia. New Kruns.. 
yuebec, Ontario, Manitob.) 

British Columbia 

Newfoundland, Labrador. 

Costa Kica 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 

Panama 

Salvador 

Mexico 

Mlquelon. I.anKley, etc .. 
West Indies— Biltlsb 

Cuba 

Danish. ... 

Dutch . .. 

French. .. 

Haiti 

Santo Dom. 

Total, North America. 

South Amf.rica : 

Argentina 

llolivla 

Brazil 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuftdor 

Guiana— British 

Dutch 

FreDch 

Peru 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 

Total, South America. 
A9IA : 

Chinese Empire 

East Indies— British India 
Sts. Settl'mts 

Dutch. 

Hongkong 

Japan 

Korea 

Russia, Asiatic 

Slam 

Turkey In Asia. 



Total, Asia 

OCEANTCA: 

British Australasia 

All other Briti.sli Oceanlca 

French Oceanica 

German Oceanlca 

Philippine Islands 



Total, Oceanica. . . 

Afbica : 

British Africa— West 

South..., 
Kast 

Canary Islands , 

Portuguese Africa 

Turkey in Africa— Egypt. 

Total, Africa 



S l.OU 

4,476 

2,421! 

17.485 

27,815 

ljl3» 
744 

3.53S 

»J7 

212 

961 

3.495 

2,080 

2,601 

99,461 

$161,311 

$ 1,225 

503 

11,949 

94,780 

33,661 

6,461 

7,063 

5,672 

1,791 

3.82S 

15.031 

4,303 

140,244 

36 

7,148 

104,166 

669 

;«9 
I'.'m 

1,694 



$441,079 
$17,857 

3,857 

8,414 

2,730 

28.383 

374 

250 

8',i46 

$;2,a>2 

$10,903 

6,900 

899 

25 

1,638 

35.532 

1,586 



$57,483 

$ 84,?5B 

20 

210 

29',648 



Grand Total 

Grand Total. 190t .. 
Grand Total. 1903... 
Grand Total, 1902 . 
GraBdTotal,190I.... 
Grand Total. 1900..,. 



$1U,036 



$ 5,074 
106.037 



29 226 
852 



$141,189 



$991,100 

880,0 '0 
819,985 
634,146 
566.726 
R41.830 



507 

397 

38f,76o 

2U,303 

1,189 

344 688 

48 

67,230 

8 999 

212 

130 

43,04 i 

5,142 

20.916 

5.266 

115.981 

766,246 



1,775,553 

18 

6 

19,762 

f8,726 

5.131 

43,028 

29 

84 

24 

159 

828 

3,46.5 
2,889 
2,284 
5,677 



172,077 
3.979 

15i«78 

204 

3,2«8 

264 

4,654 
30 

"603 

1,068 

390 

29,988 

3.903 

1,163 

42 

5,384 

102,821 

48 

2 

12 

16,149 



Value. 



$ 621 

318 

151,451 

11.89.: 

677 

148,183 

26 

35,327 

4,124 

615 

ii4 

20,834 
2 967 

12.031 
2,78J 

48,829 
338,778 



$779,595 



$ 



129,524 

261 58B 

9 

213 

9.302 



271,112 



2(.0 
12 129 



12,335 



19 

16 

19,437 

85,505 

13.330 

31.215 

33 

50 

16 

99 

492 

2.915 
.•!,131 
1,399 

6.898 



126 
66 

$:63,848 
$ 2,246 

8',9M 
273 

2,032 
146 

2,163 
12 

;',6i7 

476 
169 

$18,066 

$1626 
965 
74 

4!426 

63.064 

96 

7 

38 

7,829 



$81,099 

$155,699 
21 
186 

7,419 



$163,326 



78 
8,S43 



$'^,424 



2,.390„53!l $1,211,342 



Other 
Goods 
Value. 



$ 



3,926 

124 

29,279 

6,729 

4t,60: 

172,943 

2* 

59.174 

49,248 

25 

21 



4.918 

;.69o 

8,720 
1 ,045 

853.969 



$1,235,431 

$ 1,0.59 

100 

10,43;' 

6. '8,896 

18,486 

,3,301 

2.906 

1,138 

962 

96 

8,55-1 

3,652 

123.262 

s.iai 

94,821 
246 
495 
67 
707 
1,176 

$506,734 

$ 11,979 

70 

34,016 

16,697 

6,672 

1.869 

337 

305 

336 

16,1.53 

2.475 

5,670 



494.078 

$12,669 
8,629 
3,883 
2,216 
9,026 

160,141 
966 

'i99 



$197,628 

$ 72,715 

24 

6»6 

231 

30.696 



$104,222 

$ 321 

26,883 

5 

21 

6,720 

832 



$34 782 



Total 
Value. 



$ 3,690 

472 

15 205 

10 043 

62,669 

348,741 

50 

91,840 

14,110 

6tl 

3,857 

1,051 

212 

26,716 

7,142 

22,831 

6,429 

48,8^9 

1,292,194 



$1,960,828 

$ 2,303 

618 

41,818 

809,161 

65.677 

39,977 

1(1.301 

6,850 

2,769 

4,877 

24.077 

7.956 

166,501 

3,170 

13,668 

204,885 

916 

694 

57 

2 094 

2,934 



il.421,420 

$ 33,082 
70 

46,795 

25,284 

10,33* 

30,097 

2,874 

667 

336 

24,916 

2,961 

8,731 



$176,037 

$28,008 

16,484 

4,8SS 

2,240 

15,390 

288.737 

3,547 

7 

237 

7,829 



$337,426 

$312,672 

65 

952 

231 

67,663 



$)31,6f3 

$ 6,473 

141,263 

6 

21 

35,949 

1,684 



$184,396 



2,310,808 
2,,'07,401 
2,594,708 
1,459,100 
767,1041 



1.086.364 

1,0.'')0,49l 

1,040.315 

724,015 

420,746 



$2,572,3761 $(,780 817 



2.469,750 
2,299,875 
1.781,941 
1,727,527 
1,406.2121 



4.436.124 
4,176,361 
3,462,402 
3.017,268 
2,367,788 



RECOVERY FROM THE FIRE AT HARBURG. 

1^ HE new factory buildings of the Vereinigte Gummiwaaren- 
Fabriken Harburg-Wien, erected to replace those de- 
stroyed by fire on October 7, are being rapidly pushed to com- 
pletion. The managing director, Mr. Louis Hoff, with his usual 
energy, is removing all obstacles and making the contractors 
rush in a manner that is new to their experience. There are 
three new five-story brick buildings, of modern mill construc- 
tion, respectively 96. 100, and 110 feet long, and each 40 feet 
wide. They will'be used forthe manufacture of motor tiresand 
boots and shoes. Coincident with this work is the erection of 
a magnificent central power station, in which will be installed 
two steam turbins of 1000 up. each, the contract under penalty 
reading that they shall be running on January 15. A similar 
contract calls for the completion of the three factory buildings 
by February 15. 

IMPROVED PROFITS OF THE SILVERTOWN COMPANY. 
The report of the India Rubber, Gutta-Percha, and Telegraph 
Works Co., Limited, for the year ending September 30, presen- 
ted at the annual meeting in London, December 19, shows after 
provision for doubtful debts, a net profit of ^51,729 [=$251,- 
739.18]. The gross trading profits were greater than in any 
other year with the exception of 1903. The directors, therefore, 
were enabled to recommend a dividend, making with the /«- 
terim dividend already distributed, a total of 10 per cent, 
for the year, the rate which has been paid for a long time past, 
with the exception of last year, when the rate was only 5 per 
cent. The amount carried over is ^55,003, against ;£53,274 
last year. The general business of the company shows an increase 
compared with last year, and although the price of raw ma- 
terial is still very high the fluctuations have not been great 
and, therefore, better prices have been obtained for manufac- 
tured goods. The cable department, besides having other 
smaller work in hand, is engaged in the manufacture of 1300 
nautical miles of submarine cable for the Commercial Pacific 
Cable Co. (New York), which will be laid by the company's cable 
steamer Silvertown between Shanghai and Manila, in March 
next. Major Leonard Darwin has been elected chairman, in 
place of the Hon. Henry Marsham, who now finds it neces- 
sary to reside abroad during the greater part of the year. 

THE CONTINENTAL RUBBER WORKS. 

Few people know what a tremendous plant is that of the Con- 
tinental Caoutchouc- und Guttapercha Co, (Hannover, Ger- 
many). Indeed, figures hardly tell the story. The buildings, 
however, have a street frontage of 700 feet, and a rear frontage 
of more than 1 500 feet, being located on a triangular shaped plot. 
The factory employs 4200 hands and uses many thousand dol- 
lars worth of rubber daily. Of course the most important prod- 
uct is the manufacture of tires for automobiles and cycles. 
That, however, is but one department of the work carried on. 

In playing balls, for example, the press room has a capacity 
of 6000 dozen a day. One press mold (working on small balls, 
of course) turns out 40 dozen at a heat. There are in this press 
room 100 of these press molds, covering all of the stock sizes 
of balls made. As another example of the capacity for work, 
it might be mentioned that the company can turn our 30,000 
feet of garden hose daily, 8500 bicycle tires, and 800 automo- 
bile tires, and can equip 25 commercial vehicles a day with their 
solid tire. Germany being a cofTee drinking rather than a tea 
drinking country, the employes ate daily served with that bev- 
erage, which is made in a room fitted with huge tins, the daily 
consumption being 750 gallons. 



124 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



The new reclaiming plant of the Continental company is now 
completed. It is situated some 10 miles out of Hannover, on the 
river Leine, where there isample water for all purposes, and also 
plenty of room on the shore for building expansion. The factory 
is up-to-date in every respect, the process of reclaiming being 
the Marks, for which the Continental have a license. A 
special process that is run in the building that is not a part of 
the reclaiming plant is the extraction of rubber from cloth 
scraps covered with unvulcanized gum. This is wholly auto- 
mttic in its operation, and recovers not only the rubber but the 
fabric as well. 

DUNLOP PNEUMATIC TYRE CO., LIMITED. 

At the ninth annual meeting of shareholders (London, De- 
cember 12), the chairman, Mr. Harvey Du Cros, presented what 
the directors regarded as a favorable report, for the business 
year ending September 30. It was the first year that the com- 
pany had been without patent protection ; it was now a manu- 
facturing and trading company, and not, as originally, a mon- 
oply controlling an important patent. During the year they had 
been compelled to sell their bicycle tires at 5 shillings less per 
pair; the average cost of rubber had been io}i pence per 
pound more than the preceding year ; but by reason of im- 
proved processes and methods the strictly manufacturing prof- 
its had been /i44.,ooo against /i 57,000 from the same source 
the year before. (There are 
now no longer any royalties 
in respect of patents.) And 
he thought that " rock bot- 
tom " had been reached, so 
that coming years would show 
an improvement. The com- 
pany were turning out a good 
motor tire, and were unable 
to keep up with their orders, 
but an additional factory was 
well under way. Mention was 
made of the good showing of 
their tires at the Vanderbilt 
Cup races, near New York, in 
October. They expected a large business in connection with 
the introduction of motor 'buses, in London and elsewhere. 
It was stated that arrangements had been made for buying 
their crude rubber for the next 10 years, on particularly 
favorable terms. The position of the company had been im- 
proved by the purchase and retirement of _£62o,ooo in deben- 
tures, at a profit to the company of ;£i 5.950. Plans were still 
under discussion for reorganizing the company, with a view to 
eliminating from capital account the sum of ^3.894,000 for 
" good will," which had been figured in the assets from the be- 
ginning. There had been delay, however, in finding a plan 
upon which all classes of shareholders could agree as being 
equitable. The dividends for the year had amounted to ^^89 749 
4s, 5d, and the interest on debentures ;£i4,566 os, iid. [See 
The India Rubber World, October i, 1905. page 24] 

THE DUXLOP COMPANY IN LIBERIAN RUBBER. 

Alfred Du Cros, of the Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co., Lim- 
ited, is a member of the board of The Liberian Rubber Corpor 
at ion. Limited, with a capital of ^270,000 [ = §1,313,955], floated 
in London early in December, to acquire from the Monrovian 
Rubber Co., Limited,, a concession from the Liberian govern- 
ment, granting a monopoly in the export of rubber from that 
republic for 26 years. The Monrovian company already have 
rubber trading stations at work, and will also turn over a coffee 
plantation and other assets. Sir Harry H. Johnston, G. C. 




M. G,, K. c. B., one of the highest authorities on African condi- 
tions, and Mr. Alexander Whyte, long employed by the British 
government as a botanical expert in Africa, unite in describing 
the rubber resources of Liberia as of great value — excelling, 
perhaps, those of Lagos. The Lagos rubber tree {Funtumia 
elasiica) is found there, together with valuable species of Lan- 
dolphia, and Sir Harry Johnston is of the opinion that 500 tons 
of rubber may be obtained yearly. The Dunlop company are 
stated in the prospectus of the Liberian company to be under 
contract, for 10 years, to purchase the entire rubber output of 
the latter, at market prices. Mr. Alfred Du Cros, above men- 
tioned, was the holder (in behalf of the Dunlop company) of 
5000 shares of the Monrovian Rubber Co., Limited, and its 
managing director. These details will explain the reference, 
at the Dunlop meeting in December, to the arrangements made 
for buying rubber. The Monrovian company, by the way, 
was a subsidiary company of another corporation, mentioned 
in The India Rubber World, April i, 1904 (page 233). 

RUBBER workers' STRIKE AT MUNICH. 
During a recent visit of the Editor of The India Rubber 
World to Munich, Bavaria, he found a strike in progress at 
the important rubber works of Aktiengesellschaft Metzeler & 
Co., which trouble, according to later reports, has come to an 
end. It appears that on November 9 four workmen in the sur- 
gical goods department were 
dismissed on a charge of hav- 
ing caused trouble, whereupon 
they appealed to the labor 
federation, which demanded 
that the men be reinstated. 
The company refusing, a gen- 
eral strike in the factory was 
ordered on November 17, by 
the Fabrik-, Land- und Hilfs- 
arbiter. No basis for the set- 
tlement of the trouble could 
be arrived at between the 
company and the labor or- 
ganization, and Judge Press- 



FACTORIES OF.THE BERLIN-FRANKFORTjCOMPANY 



ner was invited by both sides to arbitrate. His decision was 
in favor of the strikers, the award involving a general increase 
in wages. 

AN OLD GERMAN RUBBER FACTORY. 

The Berlin works of the Berlin- Frankfort India-Rubber Co. 
(Vereinigte Berlin-Frankfurter Gummiwaaren-Fabriken) situ- 
ated on the river Spree, are among the oldest in Germany, hav- 
ing been established in 1849 by an Englishman named Elliott. 
This name is still kept in existence through certain specialties 
which they make; for example, the " Elliott" tire. The factory 
buildings are substantial, old fashioned in the extreme, and as 
Director Spannagel admits, not up to date, but nevertheless the 
business is well conducted and very profitable. One of their 
specialties is cut sheet, of which they make great quantities, 
particularly for the great variety of colored tubing which goes 
to Spain and Latin American countries, the Latin blood show- 
ing in its desire for bright colors wherever obtainable. They 
also make baby carriage tires by the ton, and a great variety of 
surgical articles. The company, of course, have other plants, 
that, for example, at Gelnhausen being modern and up to date 
in every respect, and turning out a fine grade of automobile 
tires and much special work in mechanical rubber lines. Of 
this factory Dr. Carl Poppe is the managing director. The 
company's third factory at Grottau, in Bohemia (near the 
Saxon frontier), dates from 1892. 



January i, 1906.] 



IHE INDIA RUBBEK WORLD 



125 



TIRES AT THE OLYMPIA MOTOR SHOW. 



THE fourth annual exhibition of automobiles at Olympia 
Hall, London, occurred November 18-25. The Society ol 
Motor Manufacturersand Traders, who run the Olympia 
exhibition, certainly gave the world at large a magnifi- 
cent show. To even catalogue the great variety of automo- 
biles, motor omnibuses, tires, and other accessories, would cover 
pages. To attempt to picture the completeness of the exhibi- 
tion, the fine workmanship shown in the cars, the excellent 
taste portrayed in the arrangement of the displays, the great 
crowds that attended, and the financial success that accrued, 
would fill volumes, and even then it is questionable if justice 
would be done to the subject. Certain it is that it was proved 
that the show was held at exactly the right time of the year, 
both for purchaser and for manufacturer ; nor can it be doubted 
that many thousands of pounds that normally would have gone 
to the Paris show and the American exhibitions were gathered 
in by the alert Britishers. This paper is, of course, specifically 
interested in the tires, of which there were a great variety, well 
displayed, not only in the spaces reserved for the companies 
displaying, but everywhere throughout the building were vehi- 
cles equipped with certain types of tires, thus giving really a 
multiple view of the most important makes. 

At the very excellent exhibit of J. W. & T. Connolly. Lim- 
ited, there were shown two Goodrich side wire tires, one of 
which had been run i3,oooand theother iS.ooo miles, on heavy 
commercial vehicles. The tires were still good, and had worn 
down with wonderful evenness. A curious feature of one of 
them was a jagged fragment of flint that had bedded itself in 
the tire so firmly that it could not be drawn out — an eloquent 
comment on the sort of roads that the tire had been up against, 
still remaining intact. 

As was to be expected, cars, tires, and accessories that were 
approved by royalty were made much of by the exhibitors. It 
is not, of course, remarkable, for one to be appointed " Pur- 
veyor to the King," or " Dressmaker to the Queen," but for 
the first time in the history of the rubber business has one been 
appointed " Manufacturer of rubber tires to the establishment 
of his Majesty's stables." This signal favor fell to Mr. J. M. 
MacLulich, of the Sirdar Rubber Co. A copy of his appoint- 



ment, signed by the Duke of Portland, and handsomely framed, 
adorned the Sirdar exhibit and undoubtedly had its effect. 
It does not seem, however, that, in giving this appointment, 
William John Arthur Charles James, Duke of Portland, bound 
himself not to use any other tires, and it therefore happened 
that the Collier Tyre Co. has a picture of a magnificent auto- 
mobile in which was seated his Majesty Edward VII, and.frorn 
the look of content on his face, approving the Collier tires with 
which the vehicle was shod. 

Mr. James Iddon, m. i. m. e., of Iddon Brothers, the rubber 
engineers, was present at the exhibition, studying the rubber 
part of it with an interest that too few rubber engineers show. 

The Collier Tyre Co., Limited, had a notable show. General 
Manager Williams appearing apparently from nowhere when- 
ever a customer approached the stand. Most of the officers of 
the company visited the show, among them being Mr. James 
E. Baxter. 

One of the best exhibits was that of the Continental Caout- 
chouc and Gutta-Percha Co., the huge tire that half encircled it 
drawing much attention. Besides the London manager, several 
of the officers from the Hannover factory were present, notable 
among them 'leing the Messrs. Seligmann and Tischbein. 

The " Palmer cord ' tire, made by the India Rubber, Gutta- 
Percha. and Telegraph Works Co.. Limited, of Silvertown, 
showed up well, the practical demonstration ol the streng' h ot a 
single strand of Palmer fabric which was shown by its holding up 
many tons of iron weights appealing to all and not alone to those 
who are particularly interested in tires. Mr. Christian H. Gray, 
managing director of the company, was present the last day of 
the show and evidently satisfied with the wav business was 
coming to the exhibit. 

David Moseley & S')ns. Limiii-d shi>wtd ihrir irii.ii.r iiir- ^uc 
drew especial attention to their rim lasiening b> netii t. of a 
young lady attendant who put on and took < ff tires in a veiy 
brief space of time. Messrs. David and Oswaln Miselex neie 
both present part of the time, as was al-'o Mr. Arthur E. Fns- 
well, superintendent of the tire department at Manchester. 

In variety of tires. The North British Rubber Co., Limited 
were pree ninent, showing several new types of tires, particular- 




CONTINENTAL CAOUTCHOUC lu o EamibH. 



Nur* ( H onl Vi 



„0.S EXHIBIT. 



126 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



ly ones devoted to heavy traction. Mr. Stewart came down 
from Edinburgh toattend the show, but so many business en- 
gagements intervened that he was very rarely seen at his com- 
pany's exhibit. 

In connection with the tire business were many special de- 
vices, perhaps the most important being the tire vulcanizing ap- 
pliances manufactured by Harvey Frost & Co. At their booth 
actual repairing was done for crowds of interested visitors and 
presumably many sales made. 

[FROM ANOTHER SOURCE.] 

Considering what London weather can be in November, it 
must be admitted that things were propitious. Certainly there 
was some fog and also some rain during the week, but the 
dreaded black log which works such havoc with London traffic 
was absent and there was nothing to hinder the attendance ol 
visitors. In fact, the attendance, especially in the body of the 
hall, was uncomfortably large, and locomotion was attended 
with difficulty. As far as this Journal is concerned, interest 
may beconsidered as centering in the South gallery, where the 
various tire exhibitors had their location, and these notes will 
be limited to this part ol the 
show. Price lists and descript- 
ive booklets abounded and it 
is noticeable how the infor- 
mation given to purchasers 
becomes year by year not only 
more bulky but more techni- 
cal. It is interesting to note 
the varying styles affected by 
the compilers of this litera- 
ture; in one case it is matter 
of fact and sedate in tone 
without any extravagance in 
claims or any pomposity in 
diction ; in another attention 
is perpetually being drawn to 
the fact that the firm's goods 
are not only the best that can 
be made but are also superior 
to those of all competitors. 

Most of the men promi- 
nently connected with the tire 
manufacture were to be seen 
at one time or another during the week. Perhaps the most 
notable absentees among the British exhibitors were mem- 
bers of the Charles Macintosh & Co. firm, whose stand 
was under the management of Mr. Lees, the head of their 
London establishment. Mr. J. E. Hopkinson was constant in 
his attendance to explain to enquirers the advantage of using 
his firm's tires. These are of the solid variety and differ from 
others mostly in their mode of attachment to the wheel. The 
double continuous tread of this tire allows of considerable 
wearing away without at all impairing its efficiency and it has 
been found very satisfactory for motor 'buses, lorries, vans, etc. 
Among other solid tires on view was the De Nevers patent 
grooved tire. I had- hoped to see Count de Nevers, but was 
not so fortunate. According to his son they are selling through 
Messrs. Liverredge & Sons increasing quantities of these tires. 
Though primarily a solid tire, the transverse grooves on the 
surface give it the advantages of a pneumatic, and if the immu- 
nity claimed from side slip is not exaggerated, the tire certainly 
has a great deal to recommend it. The manufacture is car- 
ried on at the mills of the De Nevers Rubber Co., at Earlsfield. 
The Sirdar tire was personified in Mr. MacLulich and its merits 



^^ 

■* 




l^^l ^HM, '' 7"" — ■ — *J^ 




fc^;^j|t ' :^^^ 


il^Hi^: 








^^>^ 



SIRDAR RUBBER CO.'S EXHIBIT- 



were therefore not hidden under a bushel. The Sirdar Rub- 
ber Co. have moved from their modest home at Limpley Stoke 
and taken more commodious premises at Bradfordon-Avon. 
An important part of the exhibits in the tire section related ■ 
to anti-skid devices, though there was really nothing of novelty, 
or anything that indicated that the period of suspenseand trial 
was about to be speedily ended. Old friends such as the Par- 
sons chain device and the various metal studded chrome leath- 
er bands were on view, but this type has been with us now for 
some time. Perhaps the most notable advance is the new Mich- 
elin non-skid, which is not a separate band of studded leather, 
but which has the leather band embedded in the rubber tread, 
It is noticeable that the bigger tire manufacturers, such as Dun- 
lop, Moseley, Continental, North British, and others say that 
they cannot countenance any complaints with regard to their 
tires where the various anti-skid devices have been attached to 
them. This is an important matter, and must, I should think, 
militate against the sale of the chain and studded band type. 
The tendency undoubtedly will be to have the anti-skid part and 
parcel of the original tire as is now done by Dunlop, Michelin, 
and the Continental company. As a sort of counterblast to 

the notices issued by the tire 
manufacturers we have the 
statement of the Lamson 
leather treads people, for ex- 
ample, that they cannot be re- 
sponsible for any defects in 
the rubber in the tires to 
which they fix their non-skid 
treads. It is pretty well evi- 
dent, therefore, that the pur- 
chaser who does not get the 
complete article from one firm 
will have but little chance of 
redress if the tire turns out 
unsatisfactory as each side is 
sure to assert its innocence 
and blame the other. Of 
course, where a particular firm 
claims to have solved the 
problem by a patented device 
which can only be fitted to 
their own tires, this firm 
should get all the business 
until a serious competitor arises. 

It has been remarked in several quarters that the London 
press gave a considerable amount of attention and space to the 
Olympia show — in fact, in great excess of anything hitherto 
done in this respect. This certainly is a fact, but there was 
nothing particularly disinterested in it. A quid pro quo was ob- 
tained in the form of advertisements and a common feature of 
the London dailies during the show week was a big headline 
covering two columns of reporting, with side columns of adver- 
tisements from the firms who were receiving notice. I imagine 
the papers did pretty well out of it. Moreover, the occasion 
was seized by company promoters to bring out the prospectuses 
of three or four motor omnibus companies, bringing further 
grist to the newspaper mill. Compared with those of some years 
ago, the cycle and motor shows of to-day are looked upon by 
the exhibitors more as a means of doing business with dealers 
than as affording interest to individual members of the public, 
who visit the shows as a matter of general interest or perhaps 
merely to satisfy curiosity. Some complaints regarding the 
scant courtesy accorded by stall attendants to members of the 
latter class have found expression in print. 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



127 



NEW GOODS AND SPECIALTIES IN RUBBER. 




TWO ATTRACTIVE NOVELTIES IN MATTING. 

WHEREAS formerly the chief thought of the manu- 
facturersof rubber matsand matting was to produce 
articles of utility, at a cost which would induce lib- 
eral buyint;. there is now evident a disposition to 
produce such j^ouds in .lUractive patterns, indicating a demand 

on the part of 
the users for 
something that 
will look well 
and now and 
then possess a 
distinctive 
novelty. In this 
line m a y be 
mentioned two 
DELTA. new articles il- 

lustrated in accompanying cuts. The first is described as the 
'■ Delta " matting. It is a runner which is as handsome in ap- 
pearance as a strip of carpet, and suitable for the finest store or 

foran apart- 
ment house. 
It is light in 
weight and 
easily han- 
d I ed, but 
made of a 
com pound 
which ren 
ders it dur- 
able. It is 
u nderstood 
ruRiTAN. to be no 

more expensive than the plain corrugated runner. It is car- 
ried in stock in the standard width of 27 inches and in 50 yard 
rolls, but can be furnished in any other length wanted. = ^The 
second article illustrated is the " Puritan " mat — a household 
door mat. This is a distinct departure from the old style mat. 
It is made with a deep diamond cell body and corrugated 
border. The cells clean the shoes thoroughly and retain the 
dirt, thus preventing the soiling of the floor or carpet beneath. 
While intended primarily for private residences, this mat is 
equally adaptable for store or office use. It is made in two 
sizes: 17 X 31 inches and 21 >; 36 inches. [The Peerless Rub- 
ber Manufacturing Co., New York.] 

NOVEL PERFUMERY BOTTLE. 
Among the novelties put out for the holiday trade recently 
was one which is understood to have been 
a particularly good seller. It was nothing 
more or less than a small perfumery con- 
tainer made in the shape of a nursing bot- 
tle, as indicated in the illustration. The 
little bottle was not only attractive in 
appearance, but filled with a good qual- 
ity of extract. The novelty possessed the 
quality of originality, and in addition 
that of humor, which afforded fun mak- 
ing possibilities. It could be retailed at 
10 cents. [American News Co., New York.] 






A NEW TENNIS SOLE FROM CANADA. 

The substantial and progressive character of the rubber in- 
dustry in Canada is indicated by the continual production of 
n o ve 1 1 ies by 
the various fac- 
tories in the 
Dominion, 
some oi which 
are especially 
attractive. In 
this category 

deserves to be noted a " tennis " sole in a new pattern, shown 
in the illustration, which is used exclusively on the " Daisy " 
liae of sporting shoes— yachting, tennis, bowling, lacrosse, and 
gymnasium — manufactured for the 1906 trade by The Berlin 
Rubber Manufacturing Co., Limited. (Berlin, Ontario). 
DR. TULLAR's FAMILY SYRINGE. 

The improved fountain syringe shown in the illustration 
has the new Tullar shaped bag 
with large opening for easy fill- 
ing and cleansing. It it luted 
with an extra large outlet, and 
special tubing. The curved va- 
ginal pipe has no central aper- 
ture, and is made to discharge a 
ball or cup shaped spray. The 
outlet from this bag permits 3 
quarts of water to be discharged 
in one minute. The straight va- 
ginal pipe has twenty outlets. 
The adult and infant enema pipes 
are ball pointed, with three out- 
lets, arranged to discharge 
obliquely. This design of pipe 
is considered a great improve- 
ment over the one outlet enema 
pipes supplied with the old style 
syringes. The general design 
of this syringe is new, the stock 
and workmanship first quality, and it is in good demand with 
the high class trade. [The Seamless Rubber Co., New Haven, 
Connecticut.] 

TWO NEW PACKINGS. 
The basis of a new packing called " Ima " is a vegetable fiber 
derived from Mexico and subjected to a process developed by 
Mr. E. R. Ware, of Worcester, Massachusetts, an engineer im- 
pressed with the desirability of a steam or pump packing that 
would be durable and would not harden or absorb oil or water. 
Having obtained by experimenting an oil proof and acid proof 
compound, he next began to look for a satisfactory fiber to use 
in connection with it, finally selecting a cotton like fiber which 
he discovered in Mexico. A company has been incorporated to 
make the new packing, with a factory at Worcester. ==The 
same company will manufacture " Carbo-Asbesto," as a substi- 
tute for asbestos packing, which, it is claimed, will stand the 
heat of 6oo°F., and is intended for use particularly in gasoline 
automobiles. The chemical compound involved will be simi- 
lar to that used in " Ima" packing. [The Ima Packing Co., 
No. 29 Broadway, New York.] 




128 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[January i, 1900. 





GOODRICH CIRCULAR ERASER. 

The making of a compouud that will result in good service 

in an eraser is far from being 
the simplest problem in the rub- 
ber industry. An eraser which 
has yielded good results for ink 
or pencil, and which is espec- 
ially adapted to typewriter work, 
is shown in the accompanying 
engraving. These erasers are 
packed one dozen in a box and 
one gross to the carton. [The B. 
F. Goodrich Co., Akron, Ohio.] 

THE "TUBE core" GOLF BALL. 
New patterns of golf balls continue to be produced, particu- 
larly in Great Britain. Among the latest is that termed the 
" Tube Core." This is made without any 
hard core, the material beneath the cover 
being entirely formed of one length of 
rubber tubing rolled under high tension. 
It is claimed that by this method the 
flight of a cored ball is combined with the 
putting qualities of a gutta-percha ball^ 
while hacking or splitting is reduced to a 
minimum. The effort to increase the durability of cored balls 
seems, by all reports, to have had a considerable amount of 
success in this particular instance, for the tube core ball has 
withstood without injury the severe test of lengthy play. 
[Martins, Limited, Birmingham, England.] 

A RUBBER TEAPOT SPOUT. 
It is very natural that a tea-drinking race such as the Eng- 
lish should invent certain appliances fortheir needs that would 
not find any particular use among those having the tea habit in 
only a slight degree. Such an invention is the Mandarin pour- 
er. This is really an artificial teapot spout, made of white rub- 
ber, designed to fit over a badly molded or broken nosed tea- 
pot, the pourer being so curved that the liquid throws away from 
the spout in a concrete stream. In order to obviate any taste 
or smell of the rubber, it is the custom to soak it in strong tea 
for some 24 hours. It is then applied to the teapot, and is said 
to have a quite general use, not, perhaps, among those who 
have the finest of tea services, but where pennies must needs 
be counted with care. The appliance is registered, but is not 
patented, and is to be found in rubber stores throughout the 
United Kingdom, in none of which is the inquiring foreigner 
likely to be told who manufactures it. 

AIR CUSHION TYPEWRITER FEET. 
The device illustrated herewith is the result of experiments 
made by a practical operator, who for a long time had been 

studying ways and means to less- 
en the rum blingand hollow sound 
lontinually made by typewriters 
when in use. It is claimed for 
thissimple pneumatic device that 
It will increase the life of a type 
^. i writing machine, the speed of the 

■■■: I operator, the ease of the opera- 

^^H tor, and the resiliency of the ma- 

^^ chine, and decrease the noise, the 

wear and tear both upon operator 
and machine, the slipping on or marring of costly desks, and 
the rumble of a machine when attached in a roll top desk. 
[The Typewriter Pedestal Co., Detroit, Michigan.] 



RUBBER DEVELOPMENT IN PERU. 



■^ 



SE.XOR DON FELIPE PARDO.the new Peruvian minister 
to the United States, arrived at New York on December 
21 from Colon, aboard the Royal Mail steamship Orinoco, with 
his bride, who formerly was Senora Teresa Barreda de Pardo, 
daughter of his paternal uncle. Sefior Pardo speaks English 
and several other languages fluently. Another passenger by the 
same steamer was his brother, Sefior Don Juan Pardo, whose 
mission is in connection with the completion of details for the 
forming of an important and extensive company for the work- 
ing under a single control of some large rubber concessions in 
southeastern Peru, which are understood to be of very great 
value. The organization of the new company has been practi- 
cally consummated, but a more definite statement at this time 
cannot be made public. The two gentlemen named are broth- 
ers of the president of Peru. 



FACTS ABOUT COLORADO RUBBER. 

A COMPANY in New York, expert in the extraction of rub- 
ber from shrubs, have lately carried out very exhaustive 
experiments in their own laboratories with the Colorado " rab- 
bit weed." They were able to get from the weed just as it was 
gathered i per cent, in weight of rubber ; after the dirt had been 
shaken off of the weeds and the leaves removed they got 3 per 
cent, of rubber. They further went very carefully into the cost 
of gathering the weed, and, finding out how many individual 
weeds it took to make a pound, and figuring exactly how many 
pounds a smart man could gather, working 10 hours a day. A 
careful analysis of the cost of gathering and the amount of rub- 
ber that could be extracted proved to them conclusively that 
there was not enough rubber present in the weed to pay for the 
cost of gathering it, let alone extraction. 



THE GUAYULE FACTORY AT TORREON. 



TV /r ANY newspapers in Mexico and a few in the United 
■'•'•' States have given much space to the Guayule rubber 
plant now being established in Torreon, Mexico, by the Con- 
tinental-Mexican Rubber Co. (New York). Without cata- 
loguing the many wild statements made, the following may be 
in order. The plant will not cover 23 acres, as has been pub- 
lished, but will consist of a building for storage of a shrub and 
extraction of rubber, some 400 feet long and 300 feet wide, one 
story high. This happens to be situated on a 100 acre plot 
purchased by the company, not because they intended to cover 
the land with buildings, but because land was cheap down 
there and they were able thus to get a right of way to two dif- 
ferent railroads. The statement that John D. Rockefeller, Jr., 
is either president or director is an error, as the president is 
Mr. E. B. Aldrich, as chronicled in the October i, 1905, issue of 
The India Rubber World. 



Inflated Footballs. — Where footballs are used for display 
purposes, either indoors or in show windows, but especially 
in the latter case, they should not be inflated, as deterioration 
is sure to result. Light and heat has a bad effect upon foot- 
ball bladders, cycle inner tubes, and other articles of thin rub- 
ber, which should preferably be kept in a dark place in a tem- 
perature of not over 70 degrees. A football inflated and hung 
near the ceiling of a store room, as they are frequently seen, 
from the tendency of heat to rise is subjected to a higher tem- 
perature than exists at the counter level and in a short time 
will suffer from its effects. — Sporting Goods Dealer. 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



129 



NEWS OF THE AMERICAN RUBBER TRADE. 



UNITED STATES RUBBER CO. — SPECIAL MEETING. 

A SPECIAL meeting of shareholders of the United States 
Rubber Co. has been called to be held at their regis- 
tered ofTices, at New Brunswick, New Jersey, on Jan- 
uary 3, to consider an increase in the number of direct- 
ors and to vote upon certain proposed amendments to the by- 
laws. The by-laws at present limit the number of directors to 
19 and it is now deemed advisable to enlarge the board in order 
that it may include persons prominent in theaffairs of the Rub- 
ber Coods Manufacturing Co. and familiar with its business. 
One of the proposed amendments is to provide that real estate 
or securities of corporations owned by the company may be sold 
or pledged with the assent of three-fourths of the stockhold- 
ers in interest at a meeting of the company, instead of three- 
fourths of all the shares outstanding, as hitherto. Another of 
the amendments proposed has become desirable on account of 
there now being two classes of preferred stock, instead of one 
as originally. 

BANQ_UET OF THE CANADIAN RUBBER CO. 

The first annual banquet given by the management of the 
Canadian Rubber Co. of Montreal to their wholesale distribu- 
ters throughout the Dominion, at the Windsor Hotel, in Mon- 
treal, on the evening of November 28, formed an enjoyable 
climax to the series of business conferences in which these 
gentlemen had participated during the two days preceding. 
The tables were made attractive with floral decorations, and 
with specimens of the company's products in miniature, while 
the walls of the banquet room were hung with large and hand- 
some reproductions of the favorite advertisements of the Ca- 
nadian company. Mr. D. Lome McGibbon, general manager 
of the company, presided, and after the attractive menu had had 

due attention, and the health 
of " The King," had been 
drunk, he called upon Mr. J. 
B. Learmont, the company's 
vice president, in the absence 
of Sir H. Montagu Allan, 












BANQUET OF THE CANADIAN RUBBER CO. OF MONTREAL. 
[General Manager D. Lome McGibbon Proposing the Healih of "The King." 



president of the company, who was prevented by illness from 
bemg present. Mr. Learmont gave credit to Mr. McGibbon for 
the suggestion of the conference and expressed his admiration 
of the spirit which had animatedits members. He dwelt upon 
the continued growth of Canada and its business, referring to 
the time when the Dominion would have a hundred million 
nhabitants, and even after this number had been doubled there 
still would be room for more. There were responses to the 
toast "Our Guests" from points as far remote as Winnipeg 
and Nova Scotia. Mr. Arthur Congdon, of Winnipeg, spoke 
of the marvelous growth of that city, where, in 1904, building 
permits were granted to the extent of $10,000,000, while in the 
first eleven months of 1905 they had amounted to $ri,ooo, 
000. Though the new buildings were chiefly residences, there 
was still a scarcity of houses. Mr. Congdon referred to the 
conference of wholesale distributers as being very much like 
a family gathering, which he felt to be due to the spirit shown 
by the management of the company towards those having re- 
lations to it. This spirit was further referred to by Mr. John 
Lennox, of Hamilton, who had been buying the company's 
goods for thirty years, and said that he felt like a son of the 
company. Mr. M. D. Pride, of Amherst, N. S., said that while 
not a stockholder, he considered that from his dealings he was 
none the less a partner in the business. Mr. E. A. Wright, 
secretary-treasurer, toasted " The Ladies " ; Mr. J. Morris Car- 
roll, advertising manager of the company, proposed " The 
Press", which toast was responded to by the writers present ; 
and Mr. Learmont proposed the health of the chairman (Mr. 
McGibbon) and Mr. M. C. Mullarky, manager of the boot and 
shoe department, paying a tribute to their progressive policy 
as a factor in bettering the position of the company. 

GOODYEAR TIRE AND RUBBER IN NEW YORK. 
The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. will remove shortly from 
their present New York location. No. 253 West Forty-seventh 
street, to the corner of Sixty-fourth street and Broadway. There 
they will occupy the whole of a new three story building which 
will have a 54 foot frontage on Broadway. The very large and 
commodious basement is to be fitted 
up as a most up-to-date repair shop 
where just as good work will be done 
as can be accomplished in any fully 
equipped rubber factory. The New 
York manager, K. B. Harwood, is work- 
ing most enthusiastically to get the new 
quarters completely equipped at the 
shortest possible notice, and is not at 
all backward in averring that the Good- 
year quarters are going to be the best 
tire quarters in existence. 

AIVIERICAN MADE RUBBER FOOTWEAR 
IN GREAT BRITAIN. 
At the eleventh annual International 
Shoe and Leather Fair, in London, 
early in November, rubber footwear 
was prominently displayed, there being 
on exhibition the products of several 
factories on this side of the Atlantic. 
The United States Rubber Co., Lim- 



'*.! ■' 



^1, 









130 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



ited— as the European branch Is known — showed "Boston" 
and " Meyer " boots and shoes, together with a variety of ten- 
nis gciods, and also leather soled rubber boots for sewer work 
and the like, and rubber proofed motor coats. A good display 
was made also by the London agents of the Hood Rubber Co., 
who are now making an active canvass of the Kuropean mar- 
ket. Mention must be made also of the extensive display 
made by The Gutta-Percha and Rubber Manufacturing Co. of 
Toronto, Limited, who recently opened a branch in London at 
I, Finsbury square, in charge of Mr. C. E. Pillinger. Among 
the heel pad exhibits were shown the " Penna " goods which, 
while marketed under the name of a London house, are manu- 
factured by the Pennsylvania Rubber Co. ^The L'nited 
States Rubber Co., Limited, have opened a storage warehouse 
in Liverpool, at Westminster chambers, Crosshall street, in 
charge of Mr. Neale, who has been connected hitherto with 
the company's London dep6t. 

POPE MANUFACTURING CO.'S PROFITS. 
The Pope Manufacturing Co. (Hartford, Connecticut), suc- 
cessors to the late American Bicycle Co. and the companies 
subsidiary to the latter, have made public their second annual 
report, for the fiscal year ending July 31, 1905. Piesident Albert 
A. Pope reports that the liquidation of certain departments 
which it was deemed desirable to discontinue has been about 
concluded. The expenses connected with this work of reorgan- 
ization during the year and the cost of maintenance of unop- 
erated factories (alone amounting to §90,264.47) will not in 
future be a charge upon the company's business, thus permit- 
ting larger net earnings to be made. The net profit for the 
year was $87,219.95, against §50,992.69 for the preceding year. 
The gross sale of automobiles and bicycles during the year was 
$7,547,508, being an increase over the preceding year of $1,953,- 
939. The current assets are reported at S3.992.418.20 and 
the current liabilities $1,182,725.20. It is stated that the 
amount of business done thus far in the new fiscal year con- 
siderably exceeds that of the corresponding months of the 
year preceding. [For the first annual report see The India 
Rubber World February i, 1905 — page 168.] 

MECHANICAL RUBBER MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION. 
The executive committee of the Mechanical Rubber Manu- 
facturers' Association of the United States, have arranged a 
banquet to be held at Sherry's, in New York, on January 18, to 
begin at 6.30 P. M., at which time it is understood that some 
matters of special importance will come before the members 
of the association. It is the earnest desire of the executive 
committee that each member of the association will be present, 
accompanied by one or more associates connected with his 
company. No one not connected with the association is to be 
invited, it being intended that this shall be strictly an associa- 
tion affair. There will be no charge for the dinner, the expense 
having been arranged for by the committee. The secretary, 
Mr. William Hillman, No. 59 Reade street. New York, desires, 
to be informed as promptly as possible by all who may intend 
being present. 

THE LEOMINSTER COMB INDUSTRY. 
The manufacture of horn and celluloid goods at Leominster, 
Massachusetts, continues to grow, as indicated by a recent in- 
crease in the number of factories and the enlargement of out- 
put of those long established. During the latter part of the 
year New York dealers in horn and celluloid combs, hair pins, 
and other ornaments were liberal buyers in Leominster, which 
has become one of the most important centers for the supply of 
such articles. Owing to the recent rise in the price of horn 
goods, some of the manufacturers looked for decreased buying. 



but there has been no such result to date, and some of the shops 
have been running overtime, in orderto fill theirorders prompt- 
ly. The Viscoloid Co. will erect this winter an extensive new 
shop, of brick, two stories high, and 120 X 60 feet, for the in- 
creased manufacture of viscoloid, which is highly regarded in 
Leominster as a substitute for horn. The Leominster Comb 
Co. are planning a large new shop, which will be the largest 
horn hair pin factory in the country. Mrs. Amanda J. Cob- 
leigh, of Leominster, said to be the only woman comb manu- 
facturer in the United States, keeps 15 employes busy. 

NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS. 
United States Rubber Co. : 





Common. 


Prkpbrred. 




Sales. 

28,100 
28,200 
18.875 
35.6Q5 
13.150 


High. 

57 
55'A 


Low. 


Sales. 


Hieb 


Low. 


Weekending Nov. 25 
Week ending Dec. 2 
Weekending Dec. 9 
Weekending Dec. 16 
Weekending Dec. 24 


5iJ^ 

54 

53'yi 

SAV2 

52;^ 


4.025 
2,610 
1,600 
4.500 
1,685 


112% 

112 

iioJi 

■■2?/ 
II IX 


108 5i 

no 

log 

iioSg' 

109X 



SECOND PREFERRED. 
Week endings Nov. 25. Dec. 2. Dec. 9. 

Sales 3,750 2,000 3,050 

High Si %o% 80}^ 

Low 77 78i| 79^4 

Rubber Goods Manufacturing Co. : 



Dec. 16. 

5,800 

83M 
80^ 



Dec. 13. 

3,200 
83^ 
81H 



DATES. 



Weekending Nov, 2e 
Week ending Dec. 2 
WeekenJing Dec. 9 
Weekending Dec 16 
Week ending Dec. 24 





Common. 




Sales. 


High. 


Low. 


700 
1,200 


38k 


38 

38JS 


1,800 
700 


4t 


391^ 
AoVs 



Preferred. 



Sales. 


High. 


Low. 


TOO 


104% 


104^ 


60 


i03'A 


'03^ 


200 


106 


105 


100 


ic6 


106 


100 


105 


105 



NEW INCORPORATIONS. 

The Seward Rubber Co., November 23, 1905, under the laws 
of Connecticut ; capital authorized $200,000 ; to begin business 
with $75,000 capital. Incorporators : William Seward (late 
vice president and general manager of the Hartford Rubber 
Works Co.) and Arthur L. Shipman, Hartford, Conn., and 
George D. Cochran, New York. A factory building has been 
secured at Berlin, Conn. ; considerable machinery has been 
purchased and more ordered, and the organization is being rap- 
idly perfected. The object is to manufacture rubber mechani- 
cal goods and solid vehicle tires, and it is expected that deliver- 
ies can be made by April i. 

= Harburg Tire Co. (New York city), December 16, 1905, un- 
der New York laws; capital, $20,000. Incorporators: Niel A. 
Weathen, New York ; Millard C. Humstone and Rose A. 
Mackey. Brooklyn, N. Y. Object, to cover the tire business in 
America of the Vereinigte Gummiwaren Fabriken Harburg- 
Wien, of Germany, who are now preparing to introduce their 
pneumatic motor tires on this side of the Atlantic. 

= Knowlton Packing Co. (Boston), December 15, 1905, undej 
Massachusetts laws ; capital, $40,000. Edward R. Metcalf, pres- 
ident ; C. W. Smith, treasurer. To continue the manufacture 
of the Knowlton molded ring packing and to add the manufac- 
ture of other rubber specialties. This business was established 
some 10 years ago, by Messrs. G. W. Knowlton and E. R. Met- 
calf, and three or four years later the interest of Mr. Knowlton 
was purchased by Mr. Metcalf, who has since continued in 
charge. 

= The Wright Rubber Manufacturing Co. (Mansfield, Ohio), 
December ii, 1905, under West Virginia laws ; capital, $1,000,- 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



131 



003. Incorporators: E. E. Wright, E. T. S. Cliflfe, N. G. Wright, 
CM. CI iffe, Oscar A. Stuhldreher, A. ]. Scherer, and M. E. 
Stuhldreher— all of Mansfield. The object is to erect a factory 
for making "artificial rubber" under the process of E. E. 
Wright, late of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and to manufacture 
goods from the same—" probably starting with automobile and 
vehicle tires." 

= l^ieumatic Ball Tire Co., December 12. 1905, under the laws 
of New Jersey; authorized capital, $3,000,000. Incorporators: 
Frank A. Magowan, Brown McDonald, and Frank B. Adams — 
all of No. 15 Exchange place, Jersey City. 

= Gaulois Tire Co. (New York city), December 7, 1905, under 
New York laws : capital, $500. Incorporators: Edward Stetson 
Griffing, New Rochelle, N. Y. ; George A. Burkhard and John 
G. Craig, New York. 

=Goodall Rubber Co., December 18, 1905, under New Jersey 
laws; capital, $50,000. Incorporators: F. D. Stovell, H. W. 
Goodall, and William S. Feeny. To do a jobbing business in 
Philadelphia. 

= Rubber Pad Co., November 28, 1905, under Maine laws; 
capital $100,000. Incorporators: H.N. Hurd, H. A. Farring- 
ton, G. W. Cheny, and D. W. Perkins -all of Manchester, New 
Hampshire— and Horace Mitchell, of Kittery, Maine. 

= Fulton Rubber Type, Ink and Pad Co., December 13, 1905, 
under New Jersey laws ; capital. $50,000. Incorporators: Henry 
Schmidt, Elizabeth A. Schmidt, and William L. Hooper, all of 
No. 130 Fulton street, Elizabeth, N. J. To continue the busi- 
ness of the Fulton Rubber Type Co., having a factory at the 
address given. 

= Ima Packing Co.. November 24. 1905, under the laws of 
New York ; capital §150.000. Objects, to manufacture at Wor- 
cester, Massachusetts, " Ima " and " Carbo-Asbesto " packings. 
Incorporators: George S. Terry (president), William H. Dowe 
(vice president), and Russell T. McCabe (secretary and treas- 
urer) —all of New York. 

= Shelby Rubber Co. (Shelbyville, Indiana), December 14, 
1905, under Indiana laws; capital, Stoo.ooo. Directors : Daniel 
F. Randolph, John Meloy, Thomas J. Marshall, George C 
Walker, Wilbur B. Wright, James R. Howe, and Olis S. Peck. 

= Madeira Rubber Co. (Hyde Park, Mass.), December 19, 
1905, under Massachusetts laws ; capital $25,000. James F. 
Pnng, president; Charles S. Prince, treasurer; John S. D. 
Everett, clerk. To succeed the Clarendon Rubber Co., in- 
corporated July 29. 1904, by James F. Pring, formerly superin- 
tendent for S. Klous & Co., at the Boston Gossamer Rubber 
Works. 

=The Pneumatic Eraser Co., Inc. (Owensboro, Ky.), Novem- 
ber 25. 1905. under Kentucky laws ; capital, $30,000. A. J. Tur- 
pin, president; E. W. Wood, vice president; G. E. Turpin, sec- 
retary and treasurer; Stewart Starling, manager. The object 
is to manufacture a rubber eraser for typewriter and desk use 
under United States patent No. 797,908, issued toC. E. McGill, 
and eventually to manufacture other rubber goods. 

CANADIAN RUBBER CO. CHANGES OWNERS. 
The Canadian Rubber Co. of Montreal, has changed owners. 
It is announced that Major George W. Stephens, m. i,. a., Mr. 
D. Lome McGibbon, Mr. Alexander Pringle, and Mr. Shirley 
Ogilvie have purchased a controlling interest. Fairbanks Broth- 
ers, stock brokers, were engaged to look after the Purchase of 
the stock. The syndicate began the purchase at 85 and fol- 
lowed it along, fixing various figures for the blocks, until to-day 
the stock stands at S140 per share or better. Major Stephens 
said that they all four considered it the best industrial in Can- 
ada and they proposed to better the business upon a much larger 
5cale than at present. Mr. D. L. McGibbon, in referring to the 



growth of the company within the past few years, stated that 
they had almost doubled their output in 36 months. And in 
that interval nearly Sjoo.ooo worth of profits had gone into 
betterments, such as new machinery and generally improved 
plant. The present output of the works is over $3,000,000 worth 
of goods per year, and the hands employed number 2000. Last 
year the company paid a 5 per cent, dividend and previous to 
that 8 per cent. The difference is accounted for by the fart 
that a large sum was put into betterment. Some years back 
the Canadian Co. lost ground to a considerable extent, and 
there was a general shake up in the management. It was at 
this period that Mr. D. Lome McGibbon took hold, and it was 
mainly through his energetic measures that the corporation be- 
gan to take on new life. Within three years the company made 
wonderful headway and it is now looked upon as one of the 
sterling industrial corporations of Canada. Back in 1902 the 
stock sold as low as $50 a share, while last year it was quoted 
at from $45 to $50. Since that time there has been a steady 
and rapid increase in the price of the stock. The authorized 
capital is $2,000,000, of which $1,500,000 have been paid in. 
RUBBER RECLAIMING PATENT LITIGATION. 
A BiLLof complaint was filed on November 30 in the United 
States circuit court for the eastern district of Pennsylvania at 
Philadelphia by the Philadelphia Rubber Works, and the U.S. 
Rubber Reclaiming Works, acting as joint complainants against 
the S. & L. Rubber Co., of Chester, Pa., for alleged infringement 
of United States patent No. 454,442, which covers a process of 
washing reclaimed rubber,'as well as the product itself. The 
complainants seek an injuction restraining the defendant from 
alleged further infringement of the patent in question anU an 
accounting to determine the extent of the damages they claim 
to have sufifered. The complainants declare that other ac- 
tions may be instituted in maintenance of the exclusive rights 
claimed under the patent. 

CINCINNATI RUBBER MANUFACTURING CO. 
Considering the happy auspices under which the Cincin- 
nati Rubber Manufacturing Co. began, it would seem to be as 
much goodness of heart as business prudence which prompted 
their recent house warming, on December 9. The company's 
plant is on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, in Norwood, a 
suburb of the Queen City, and both Norwood and the " B. <^' 
O." helped to entertain the 300 representative business men and 
citizens at the plant, where the visitors were shown all the 
processes of turning the crude rubber into finished goods. After 
the tour of the plant, lunch was served in the packing room, and 
speeches were made by President Crawford, of the company, 
Mr. Tomlinson, of the B. & O., Mayor Mills, of Norwood, and 
others. The B. & O. conveyed the guests to and from the plant 
in a special train. The Cincinnati Rubber Manufacturing Co. 
were incorporated on April 8, 1905, and their plant was set up 
in less than three months. They expect to reach their full 
capacity soon, when they will be able to do about S'lOoo.ooo 
worth of business a year. The company are to be praised for 
their courtesy, and for their efforts to popularize their industry, 
in a community where there is little general information re- 
garding it. 
GEORGE BORGFELDT & CO. — TWENTY-FIFTH ANNIVERSARY. 
Messrs. George Borgfeldt & Co. (New York), in connec- 
tion with the holiday season, have presented their compliments 
to their friends in the trade, accompanied by a handsome sou- 
venir in the shape of a book counting the history of the devel- 
opment of this important importing house, which has just i ow 
completed its twenty-fifth year. It is profusely illustrated with 
exterior and interior views of their great establishment in New 
York, and numerous branches in other cities, and pcitraits of 



132 



THE INDIA RUBBER V/ORLD 



[Jauuary I, 1906. 



their official and clerical staffs, includin a portrait of the late 
Mr. Borgfeldt, which appears as a frontispiece. One of the inte- 
rior views is devoted to their rubber goods department, in 
connection with which is the American agency for the Hanno- 
versche Gummi-Kamm Co., A.-G. On the same page is a 
portrait of Mr. Julius Lehman, who received his first business 
training with the Hanover company, and for 21 years has been 
their representative with the Messrs. Rorgfeldt. 

BOSTON BF.LTING CO's. ANNUAL. 
At the annual meeting of shareholders of the Boston Belting 
Co., on November 28, President James Bennett Forsyth stated 
that while the business of the company had been good during 
the year, a better showing might have been made but for the 
unprecedented cost of rubber and the other raw materials used. 
In response to questions asked at the meeting, President Forsyth 
explained the maintenance of a surplus practically as large as 
the capital stock by saying that the management had in view 
the erection of a more modern plant in order that the company 
might be better prepared to meet the new conditions of compe- 
tition. This was in answer to the suggestion that extra divi- 
dends from time to time would be warranted by the condition 
of the company as shown by the balance sheet. The board of 
directors was reelected, with the exception that George H. For- 
syth was succeeded by William H. Furber, who a number of 
years ago was connected with the company in the days when 
the late John G. Tappan was treasurer. The financial condi- 
tion of the company is set forth in the following details, the 
business year ending on Septenite.r 30: 

ASSETS. 



Real estate $ 100,000 

Machinery... 50,000 

Material on hand 861,371 

Cash and debts receivable 959,056 

Trademarks 100 

Miscellaneous 550 



1904. 

$ 100,000 

50,000 

736,119 

1,144,269 

100 

550 



1905. 

$ 100.000 

50,000 

955,847 

980,545 

100 

550 



Total $1,971,077 $2,031,038 $2,087,042 

L I A B I L I T I E S. 

Capital Stock $1,000,000 $1,000,000 . $1,000,000 

Surplus 800,000 800,000 800.000 

Profit and loss 171.077 231,038 287,042 



Total $1,971,077 $2,031,038 $2,087,042 

PROFIT AND LOSS, 

Balance from previous year $231,038 

Interest on bonds and bank deposit 32,498 

Profits 79.662 

Miscellaneous receipts 2,570 

Total $345,768 

Dividends $ So, 000 

Bad debts 4,7J5 

Ciedit balance 261,042 $345,768 

TRADE NEWS NOTES. 

A REPORT is current that the management of the United 
States Rubber Co. have under consideration a large new bond 
issue, designed first as a measure for consolidating and refund- 
ing the existing issues, and secondly, to provide funds for new 
undertakings. Interest is added to this report by the fact that 
at the special shareholders' meeting called for January 3, as re- 
ported on another page, a vote will be taken on amending the 
by-law relating to the issue of bonds. 

= The Derby Rubber Co. (Derby, Connecticut) have filed in 
the office of the secretary of state of Connecticut a certificate 
of increase of their capital stock from $50,000 to $200,000. Mr. 
William F. Askam, who lately became general manager, has 
removed his residence froni Milford Point, Conn., to Shelton, 
in order to be nearer the reclaiming works. 



= The rubber shoe department of The B. F. Goodrich Co. 
(Akron, Ohio) is now running in excellent shape, making a 
ticket of 1700 pairs of the " Straight Line " goods, a detailed 
description of which will appear in a later issue of this Journal. 

=Chicago Fire Hose Co. (No. 54 La Salle street, Chicago) 
have become sole distributors, in the territory which they reg- 
ularly cover, of the fire hose products of The B. F. Goodrich 
Co. (Akron, Ohio) 

= Mr. John P. Lyons, advertising manager of the United 
States Rubber Co., is spending at Redlands, California, a more 
extended vacation than he has before enjoyed during the 12 
years of his occupancy of this office. During the absence of 
Mr. Lyons his place will be filled by Mr. Robert E. Chumasero. 

= As is usual at the beginning of the year, several changes 
have been made in the location of the selling staff of the 
United States Rubber Co. Mr. Arthur Reeve comes from the 
Boston office of the United States Rubber Co. to the New 
York office. Mr. Henry G. Armstrong who has been traveling 
for sometime past will have charge of stock in New York at 
No. 90 Thomas street. Mr. P. A. Manley comes from the 
Lycoming Rubber Co., (Williamsport, Pennsylvania) to the 
New York office. Mr. A. F. Solbery, selling agent of the Bos- 
ton Rubber Shoe Co., goes from Boston to Chicago. Mr. E. 
L. Phipps, who represented the company for several years in 
New York, returns to the Boston office, No loi Milk street. 

=The Hard Rubber Co. of America, the incorporation of 
which was reported in The India Rubber World, August i, 
1905 (page 388), will apply on January 8 to the New York su- 
preme court for an order authorizing the said corporation to 
change its name to the American Hard Rubber Co. As already 
reported in these pages, there is involved a reorganization of 
the present American Hard Rubber Co. (New York), with a 
largely increased capital. 

— John C. Byxbee, of Meriden, Connecticut, has been elected 
president of the Canfield Rubber Co. (Bridgeport, Conn.), the 
Hon. Ratcliffe Hicks having resigned that position. 

= The Marion Insulated Wire and Rubber Co. (Marion, In- 
diana) are understood to be planning to increase their capacity 
largely in the near future. For some weeks past the factory 
has been working overtime. 

= The two factories of the Woonstocket Rubber Co. were 
closed on Saturday evening, December 23, to reopen on Jan- 
uary 2. 

= Mr. D. A. Cutler, formerly chemist for the Manhattan Rub- 
ber Manufacturing Co., has accepted a position with the Conti- 
nental-Mexican Rubber Co. (New York) and, in addition to 
expert chemical work in connection with their product, will de- 
vote himself to the marketing of it. 

= Mr. William I. Gorham, president of the Gorhani Rubber 
Co. (San Francisco), made a recent business visit to New York 
and Boston, returning home in time for the holidays. 

= Improvements and additions continue to be made at the 
works of the National India Rubber Co. (Bristol, Rhode Island). 
Plans have been adopted for a new fireproof storehouse, brick, 
300 X 50 feet, part 3 stories and part 4. The company have de- 
cided to make their own paper boxes, of which a great number 
are needed for the packing of various products of the mill. The 
box manufacture will begin with the production of 10,000 per 
day. 

= Harvey W. Leech, a retail dealer in rubber goods, No. 18 
East Swan street, Bufllalo, New York, filed a petition in volun- 
tary bankruptcy in the United States district court on Novem- 
ber 20; liabilities, S9738.36 ; assets, $2710. Herbert A. Hick- 
man, an attorney, was chosen trustee, at a meeting of the 
creditors. 



Januakv I, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER V/ORLD 



133 



= .\s an indication of the gradual decline in the wearing of 
rubber boots, it may be mentioned that recently a number of 
employes of the Millville factory of the Woonsocket Rubber 
Cy. — a mill devoted hitherto to making boots exclusively— were 
set to work making shoes. 

= The t)oard of the Dunlop Tire and Rubber Goods Co. (To- 
ronto, Ontario), we omitted to mention in our notice of the 
company last month, consists of Warren Y. Soper (Ottawa), 
president ; E. B. Ryckman, vice president ; John Westren, sec- 
retary, treasurer and manager ; Hon. George A. Cox and A. T. 
Kirkpatrick. 

^Fisk Limited (Montreal, Quebec), manufacturers of leather 
aid shoe goods, have a cement factory at Lachine, Quebec, re- 
garding which they inform The India Rubber World : " We 
are buying quite a little crude India rubber and doing a nice 
little business in rubber cement. We hope in a short time to 
add to our plant and make another line of goods," 

raMr. E. C. Clark, who has established himself in rubber mill 
engineering in St. Louis, making a specialty of rubber reclaim- 
ing plants, has become very busy in this field, having executed 
during the last two years several commissions in the United 
States and abroad. He is at present getting out plans for a 
small acid reclaiming plant to be installed by a mechanical rub- 
ber goods factory in Japan. This is the first reclaiming plant 
to be installed in that country. 

= The United States Rubber Co. have notified their custom- 
ers that after January i all orders should be addressed to the 
general offices in New York. 

= The Fisk Rubber Co. (Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts) have 
tiled with the Interstate Commerce Commission a complaint 
against railways operating west of Chicago, alleging unreason- 
able and discriminating rates on rubber tires. While the Fisk 
Rubber Co. alone are named in the complaint, it is understood 
that the other rubber tire manufacturers are interested and in 
sympathy with the movement. 

= As reported in our issue of July i, 1905 (page 352), the de- 
cision in the action of the Haskell Golf Ball Co. v. Hutchinson, 
Maine & Co., for alleged infringement of patent, in the London 
chancery court, was appealed from by the plaintiff. The case 
is on the calendar of the current term, to be heard as soon as 
the prior eases can be disposed of, and at last reports was ex- 
pected to be reached either just before or just after the Christ- 
mas holidays. 

= Textile Machine Works (Reading, Pennsylvania), manu- 
facturers of braiding and knitting machinery, have recently 
added to their list several new machines. For the rubber hose 
manufacture they are building a line of high grade braiders 
which can be used for making hose in lengths up to 500 feet; 
also a line of braiders with horizontal pull out which can be 
used in tandem for applying two ot three braided coverings in 
one operation. 

= C. J. Bailey & Co. (Boston, Mass.) have been so busy fill- 
ing orders for "' Won't Slip " tires that they neglected to ad- 
vise The India Rubber World of a reduction in the price 
list of their specialties listed in their regular advertisement. A 
card covering the list will be mailed to those interested. 

=Grieb Rubber Co. Inc. (Trenton, New Jersey), in addition 
to their long established line of soles, heels, and sheet soling, 
are building up an excellent business in molded specialties for 
mechanical and other uses, the quality of which is equal to 
the Grieb products which have been several years longer in the 
market. 

= The regular annual meeting and dinner of the Hood Rub- 
ber Jobbers' Western Association occurred in Chicago on De- 
cember 28, being well attended. 



= The H. O. Canfield Co. (Bridgeport, Connecticut) will 
move early in January into a new plant on Housatonic avenue, 
in which they are installing a new Rollins-Corliss engine and 
new machinery made by the Birmingham Iron Foundry, all of 
the latest and best designs. They will have a thoroughly mod- 
ern mill room and over twice the floor space occupied hither- 
to, giving them increased facilities and an opportunity to do 
more business. The new plant was to be ready for occupancy 
by January i. and the removal will be made as speedily as pos- 
sible. 

= Schwab & Co., large dealers in waste rubber scrap and other 
waste materials, in Philadelphia, have removed to larger prem- 
ises at Nos. 418-420 South Front street, where they will have 
more space than was available in their former location, in Web- 
stet street. 

= The Garlock Packing Co. (Elmira, New York) have estab- 
lished a factory in Hamburg, Germany, to supply Continental 
wants for their special packings. 

= The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. (Akron, Ohio) would 
appear to have a knowledge of Holy Writ, for a late booklet of 
theirs has, as a subhead, " For the Edification of the Man whose 
Name is Thomas." 

= At the third annual Electrical Show, held recently in Mad- 
ison Square Garden, New York, the Clifton Manufacturing Co. 
(Jamaica Plain, M3ss.) had an excellent exhibit covering tire 
ape, conduit, and kindred goods. 

= The coupon due January i, upon thetfen year 4^4 per cent, 
good debentures of the General Rubber Co. is payable upon 
presentation at the olFice of the First National Bank, New York. 

= The Ailing Rubber Co , who control retail rubber stores in 
a number of Connecticut towns, are opening an additional 
store at Pittsfield, Massachusetts. 

= The footwear departments of the rubber factories at Nau- 
gatuck, Connecticut, were closd on December 23, to reopen on 
January 2. The other departments of the Goodyear's India- 
Rubber Glove Manufacturing Co. were closed only on Christ- 
mas and New Year's. The "Old Shop," on Rubber avenue, 
was closed on December 23, indefinitely. 

=The National India Rubber Co. will, it is understood, be 
large shippers, by the new Enterprise line of steamers plying 
between Bristol (Rhode Island; and New York. The rubber 
company make daily shipments of their goods to New York, 
including lots for the South and West, besides constantly re- 
ceiving raw materials from New York, and the sailing schedule 
of the new line, it is reported, afTords superior conveniences 
for all the purposes referred to. 

= A fire occurred on December i in the store of The Fisk 
Rubber Co., No. 318 Euclid avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, damag- 
ing the building to the extent of $1000 and the stock of auto- 
mobile tires to about $3000. 

= The Salem Rubber Cement and Shoe Findings Co. (Salem, 
Massachusetts) are building new premises which will render 
passible an important increase in their capacity. The business 
was established in 1892 and incorporated in 1899 under the laws 
of Maine. The company's trade extends throughout the United 
States and Canada, besides which they are exporters to an im- 
portant extent. 

=The Interborough Vehicle Rubber Supply Co. (No. 423 
East Seventy-sixth street. New York), on December 11, through 
two of the directors. La Mott Hartshorn and Joseph Hackora, 
applied to the New York supreme court for the voluntary dis- 
solution of the corporation, formed under the state laws July 
I, 1935. with capital stated at $10,000. Judge Stover has set 
down the order to show cause for March 16. La Mott Harts- 
horn was appointed temporary receiver. 



i34 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



= W. P, Cowell. who has for nearly 18 years been traveling 
salesman for different houses through Ohio and Pennsylvania, 
has gone into the rubber jobbing business and will be known as 
the Pittsburgh Rubber Supply Co., locating at Nos. 723-725 
Liberty street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

= The Merchants I^ubber Co., Limited (Berlin, Ontario) have 
applied to the Dominion government for supplementary letters 
patent for the increase of their capital stock from $100,000 to 
$250,000. 

=The St. John Rubber Tire Co. Inc. (No. 116 Broad street. 
New York), are to exhibit their cushion tires at the automobile 
show at the Sixty-ninth Regiment armory, in New York, this 
month, a special feature being a White steamer equipped with 
their tires which has just returned from several months' tour- 
ing in the States. 

= Work was resumed early in December by the Suffolk Rub- 
ber Co. (Setauket, Long Island), after a shutdown of several 
weeks, reported to have been due to a disagreement within the 
management. This is stated to have ended in the purchase of 
the interest of Franz Cutler, who had been secretary and treas- 
urer, by the Joseph W. Elberson contingent in the company. 

=The list of supplies for which bids were opened on Decem- 
ber 2 by the New York department of correction — which has 
the administration of the city prisons and workhouse— includ- 
ed 100 pairs of rubber boots and 50 rubber coats. 

= The firm of King & Leatherow has been formed at Newark, 
New Jersey, to manufacture advertising balloons and other rub- 
ber novelties. It is composed of Horace H. King, until now a 
member of King & Howe, Limited, balloon manufacturers, and 
Walter Leatherow, who has been factory superintendent of the 
Rubber Balloon Co. of America. 

= Angie W. Pierce, for many years in the employ of the Na- 
tional India RubberCo. ( Bristol, Rhode Island), and since 1897 
superintendent of the druggists' sundries department, resigned 
recently, being succeeded by H, A. Duval, who hitherto has been 
assistant superintendent of the Tyer Rubber Co. (Andover, 
Massachusetts). On the evening of December 14 Mr. Pierce 
was pleasantly surprised at his home by a party of employes of 
the druggists' sundries department at the National factory, who 
presented him with a handsome library chair, after which a few 
hours were pleasantly devoted to an impromptu concert, Mr. 
Angle and a number of his friends being particularly devoted 
to music. 

= Negotiations have been completed for the removal of the 
factory of the Amazon Rubber Co. from Jamestown, New York, 
to Bradford, Pennsylvania, conditioned upon the sale of $150,- 
000 in 6 per cent, bonds, covered by a mortgage on the proposed 
new plant, which bonds are e.xpected to be taken in Bradford. 

= Suit has been filed in the New York supreme court by 
Charles Blake Cisco, as assignee of a claim from the New York- 
Broadway Rubber Tire Co. (a selling concern), against the 
Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. (Akron, Ohio), to recover 
$150,000, in respect of an alleged breach of contract. It is 
claimed that under a contract dated November 4, 1903, the de- 
fendant company agreed to deliver to the complainant as many 
tires as might be called for within a given period, at the prices 
then prevailing. Later, it is asserted, theGoodyear Tire company 
refused to longer deliver tires at the contract prices, by reason 
of which the plaintiff claims to have been deprived of a large 
amount of profitable business. It is understood that the Good- 
year company claim that the contract expired at an earlier date 
than alleged on the other side ; that no violation of the con- 
tract occurred ; and that a balance of $10,000 is due from the 
New York-Broadway Rubber Tire Co., to recover which 
amount a counter suit has been filed. 



THE COMING AUTOMOBILE SHOWS. 

When the sixth annual show of the Automobile Club of 
America is opened in New York on Saturday evening, January 
13, the public will have its first view of the magnificent new 
armory of the Sixty-ninth Regiment, the most convenient en- 
trance of which will be on Twenty-sixth street near Fourth ave- 
nue, with other entrances on Lexington avenue and Twenty fifth 
street. The cost of this big structure is placed at $1,500,000, 
and the spacious exhibition hall possesses what is probably the 
largest brick arch of the world. With everything new and thor- 
oughly up to date, this huge building will supply a spacious 
home for perhaps the most comprehensive exposition of the 
automobile industry ever held in this country. Gasoline, steam, 
and electric vehicles, both for pleasure and business purposes, 
will be attractively distributed, with space left for all sorts of 
accessories and sundries ; in fact, everything connected with 
the industry will be given a place in the extensive show. 

The sixth National Automobile Show, at Madison Square 
Garden, New York, will begin on Saturday evening, January 13, 
and continue through all of the following week. The show 
this season will be under the auspices of the Association of 
Licensed Automobile Manufacturers. As usual, all the spaces 
will be filled, and the show may be expected to be of great in- 
terest, not only in respect of automobiles in general but also of 
the rubber tire production^^This show is to be followed, as 
usual, by an exhibition, under the same auspices, in Chicago, 
in the week from February 3 to 10. 

PERSONAL MENTION. 

Colonel Theodore A. Dodge, whose interests in the rub- 
ber business have been very large, and whose circle of friends 
and acquaintances is extensive, is permanently settled in Paris, 
where he is devoting his time to the completion of a second 
volume of his history of Napoleon. The Colonel is hale and 
hearty, although not quite as active as formerly, and whenever 
he meets one who knoTfS anything about the rubber trade in 
America sends greetings to his friends across the sea. 

= Mr. Eliot M. Henderson, vice president of the Manhattan 
Rubber Manufacturing Co. (New York), on his recent trip from 
Southampton to Cape Town, had a rough weather experience 
that does not come to every traveler. The weather was such 
that not only were the dead lights that cover the ports smashed 
to the number of 8 or 10, but boats were broken and carried 
away, deck houses wrecked, and the iron bulwarks on the port 
side for many feet crushed flat to the deck. The vessel, how- 
ever, reached harbor without accident to any passenger. 

= A late report gives particulars of the death of Mr. Page. 
[See page 106,] It seems that he was a passenger on the Bufco, 
coming down the river from the Bolivian port of Villa Bella. 
About October 7 he was taken sick with bilious fever and on 
the 13th passed away, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon. The re- 
mains were taken ashore at the barraca Nichteroy, which is 
in the state of Amazonas and on the left bank of the Madeira 
river, and on the following day it was interred in a place call- 
ed the Bibosi. His effects were turned over to Parlo Fehre, 
manager of the house of R. Suarez & Co. (Par.a). As soon as 
possible the American consul at Pard, Mr. Louis A. Ayme, was 
notified, and he in turn notified his friends and relatives in 
(he United States, as well as the assistant secretary of state 
at Washington. 



A NEW steamer on the Amazon, intended for the Acre river 
traffic, is called the Seringueiro, which is the Brazilian word 
for rubber cutter. It was built at Glasgow and has a registered 
tonnage of \oy/i. 



January 



1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER \A^ORLD 



135 



THE RUBBER TRADE IN AKRON. 



BY A RESIDENT CORRESPONDENT. 

TO THE Editor of The India Rubber Wori.ij : Not for 
many years has there been such a general increase in 
the minufacturing capacity of the rubber plants of Akron as 
during the year jast closed. Scarcely a company but reports 
additions to its factory, and increased capacity and improved 
machinery. The remarkable demand for automobiles and the 
fact that Akron is so Important a tire manufacturing center is 
one explanation of the constant increase in business here. 
Another is the great diversity of uses to which rubber is now 
being put. This is really the dull season of the year, or rather 
is preliminary to it, on account of the inventories that usually 
are taken in January ; yet manufacturers are extremely busy. 

The principal increase in factory space in any one plant in 
Akron was to the plant of The B. F. Goodrich Co., on ac- 
count of the addition of a new department, for the manufac- 
ture of rubber boots and shoes. This is a large 3^2 story brick 
building, and is already filled with machinery and a working 
force for the first year's output. The company have also made 
other additions to the working capacity. The capital stock of 
tne company was increased lately from $5,000,000 to $10,000,000. 

The Diamond Rubber Co. have grown steadily in business 
and capacity, having built a large addition to the office, which 
was finished and occupied in February ; a two story addition 
40 X 60 feet to the laboratory ; a 50 X yo washing room at the 
South Akron plant ; a two story addition 20 X '6 as a receiving 
room ; an additional one story 120 X 60 on a former one story 
building for general packing purposes. Besides, a large new 
additional engine has been put in, which increases the engine 
capacity to over 2000 HP. The company have also increased 
their capital stock from $1,750,000 to $3,500,000. 

One of the newer companies which shows a large increase in 
business is the Firestone Tire and Rubber Co. This company 
has increased its general facilities 200 per cent, and its milling 
capacity 1 50 per cent. The fioor space has been trebled during 
the year. The company at a special meeting of the genera! 
stockholders on December 2 authorized an increase In capital 
from $200,000 to §500,000, and on the same day the directors 
took the necessary steps to carry out the Instructions. The in- 
crease has been authorized by the state of West Virginia, under 
whose laws the company is capitalized. The company has 
added the past year a three story building with basement to 
care for the Increase in the regular business and for the manu- 
facture of the new mechanically fastened pneumatic tire which 
the company is beginning to advertise. It also added a one 
story addition 50X100 feet to provide for needed warehouse 
room and for more milling capacity. New machinery, an 800 
HP. engine for which an engine house was built, an electric light 
plant, air compressors and other machinery have been installed. 

The new Swinehart Clincher Tire and Rubber Co. Is adding 
an entirely new department by erecting a large one story build- 
ing 20 X 170 feet for a reclaiming plant. The company has pur- 
chased two acres of land from the American Cereal Co. at the 
rear of the Swinehart plant, and within a month expects to be 
able to occupy the addition. The walls will be temporary until 
next spring, when concrete walls can be built, and the roof will 
be permanent. Rubber will be reclaimed under a secret process 
worked out by J. A. Swinehart under which heclaims to be able 
to bring waste rubber nearer to the original state than by any 
other method. The company has orders for its output from 
local manufacturers. The demand for the solid rubber tires of 
the company is the chief reason for the plant being trebled in 
its capacity, which it will be in a few weeks. The solid tire de- 



partment will be doubled In capacity. The company will de- 
vote considerable effort to a pneumatic tire, however. 

The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. added an engine room 
90X40 feet, a power room 1 10X48 feet and a dry room 160X34 
feet. The equipment has been increased by a 2000 HP. engine 
and miscellaneous machinery, so that the power capacity has 
been trebled. Automobile tires continue to be the main out- 
put, with the company's pneumatic golf ball being one of its 
best advertised new products. 

The Buckeye Rubber Co. added during the year a single 
story vulcanizing room 42 X 70 feet, and put in equipment to 
match. 

The Stein Double Cushion Tire Co. in East Akron is larger 
at present by an additional vulcanizing room 60 X 40 feet, and a 
new machine shop. The factory has doubled the capacity that 
it had a year ago, and instead of being constantly behind in its 
orders, the company is constantly up with its work. 

No new buildings were added to the big local plant of the 
American Hard Rubber Co., but the departments were all 
shifted about, and new machinery replaced the old. Three 
new boilers were put in to replace the old. 

The Miller Rubber Manufacturing Co. has added new equip- 
ment but no buildings. Like all the other plants it has been 
busy constantly. 

The only change in Barberton, a suburb, was the practical 
consolidation of the Alden Rubber Co. and the Pure Gum 
Specialty Co., and the erection of a new plant of the Aladdin 
Rubber Co., organized some months ago. This building is 
120 X 60 feet, and is completed. The machinery is being in- 
stalled, and the company expects to be reclaiming rubber early 
in February, Boilers, engines and mill are being set up as 
rapidly as possible. 

The Faultless Rubber Co. has made additions to its plant 
here as well as In Ashland. At the latter place the capacity of 
the plant was Increased by a two story structure 50 X 100 feet. 
The addition to the .'\kron plant is four stories high, 45 X 25 
feet. Both additions are for purely manufacturing purposes. 

The Motz Tire and Rubber Co. recently has established a 
headquarters in a large manufacturing plant for assembling 
purposes. 

The M. & M. Manufacturing Co. is commencing a more ac- 
tive campaign than any yet carried on in the interest of its rub- 
ber cement and acid solution, a preparation coming into con- 
siderable opularity, especially for tire users. The company 
has been In business on a partnership basis for two years, but 
recently was incorporated, and is making preparations for an 
extensive business. The company has a plant on Carroll street 
35 X 200 feet long. F. C. Milhoff is the head and active man- 
ager of the plant and company. Electric power, a new mixer 
and equipment and additions costing about $8000 have re- 
cently been added. The company manufactures the " M. & M. 
Cement and Acid Cure Solution," a combination of cements 
and acid cure solutions that it claims will produce the necessary 
chemical action and give better results than a steam vulcanizer 
and do it in from 3 to 5 minutes. 

Mr, A. H. Marks is expected home from England about Jan- 
uary I. He has been in Liverpool where he went to attend the 
annual meeting of the Northwestern Rubber Co., of which he 
IS president, and arrange the business of the company for 
another year. 

Charles B. Stacey, who resigned recently his position with 
The B. F. Goodrich Co., with which he had been connected for 
14 years, being latterly manager of the mechanical department, 
and removed to Atlantic City, New Jersey, where he has pur- 
chased a residence. 



136 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



THE RUBBER FROM THE "CYRIL." 



ALL the rubber salved from the cargo of the steamer Cyril, 
which went down in the Amazon on September 6, has 
found its way to Liverpool, where it was disposed of at auction 
on December 13 and 20, at very good prices. The first sale 
embraced about 689 cases, described as follows : " Without 
guarantee the fine and entretine contains 3 percent., the negro- 
heads 25 percent., and the ball [Peruvian] 15 per cent, more 
rubber than usual. The rubber shows no signs of change, nor 
does it appear to have become sandy." Ten case Manaos 
fine, " new large biscuits, hard brown cuie," brought ^s, 334 </, 
[=$i.29,'4] per pound, and other grades in proportion. The 
180 cases sold December 20 were described as containing about 
5 per cent, more water than the first offerings, and a few lots 
about I per cent. sand. 

Thus is closed a most interesting incident in the rubber trade. 
Not only was a large quantity of rubber rescued from a sunken 
ship, but every piece of it was identified, so that it was possi- 
ble for the auctioneer to catalogue 102 lots, in this style : 

Lot. Marks. Cases. Rubber. Description. 

I, AHA 62 Para fine. New very wet hard brown and white 

cure, few slightly touched with E'fine, 



— and ultimately the record contained also the price paid for 
each lot. The first item in the catalogue, as do a number of 
others, relates to rubber consigned from Manios by Adelbert 
H.Alden. 



Parkkk, Siearns & Co. (New York city), December 8, 
1905, under New York laws; capital $450,000. This succeeds 
the corporation of Parker, Stearns & Sutton, formed in 1892, 
and composed of Messrs. Russell Parker, James H. Stearns, 
and B. Franklin Sutton, manufacturers of druggists' sundries. 
Messrs. Parker and" Stearns became associated in business in 
1879, Mr. Sutton joining them in 1885. Mr. Sutton is now re- 
tiring from bnsiness altogether. The president of the new 
corporation is Mr. Parker; the vice president is Mr. Stearns ; 
and the secretary is Mr. Henry C. Rurton, who for a number 
of years has been the company's manager. Mr. W. H. Hard- 
ing, jr.. of New York, is also a director. 



[Sold at %s. ^d.\ 



few Rio Negro. {Fair ) 



The rubber importing firm of Poel & Arnold (New York) 
expired by limitation on December 31, and on January 2 is 
succeeded by Poel & Arnold, under new articles of copartner- 
ship, the members being Frank Poel, C. H. Arnold, and A. 
Fleischmann.. 



REVIEW OF THE CRUDE RUBBER MARKET. 



PRICES are higher again at this date than one month ago, 
and the comparative table of quotations for Para grades 
which appears on this page shows them to be consider- 
ably higher than one year ago. There have been fluct- 
uations meanwhile, of course, but the net result of the twelve- 
month is a higher price level, despite a larger production in the 
Amazon region. The firmness of tone in the New York market 
apparently is not due to any pressure on the part of buyers on 
this side of the Atlantic. Of late European buying has been 
more active, and both in New York and Europe the tendency 
of prices is attributed to conditions in the primary markets, 
where, in spite of larger receipts than usual, holders show a 
firm disposition. 

Receipts at Para (including Caucho) since the beginning of 
the crop season have been as follows : 

1902. 

July tons I2qo 

August 1370 

September 1670 

October 22S0 

November 2650 

December 29^0 

Total 12,250 13,470 13.300 14.235 

(.1— To December =8.1 

At the Antwerp sales on December i 5. of 339 tons offered, 
325 were sold at an average advance of 35 centimes, equal to 
about 3 per cent, over the brokers' estimations, based upon re- 
sults of the November sale. The next sale will occur Jan- 
uary 24. Messrs. C. Schmid & Co., Successeurs, report results 
attained at the last sale, for important lots : 

Kilos. 

1. 1 56 
25,6og 

16.959 
16,542 

3.835 
12,150 
10.240 

13.587 



1903. 


1904. 


1905. 


1280 


1250 


1450 


1230 


1260 


1300 


2010 


.780 


2200 


2440 


2820 


3580 


2980 


2800 


2890 


3530 


3390 


"2775 



DasCHinloN. Valuation. 

Ceylon Biscuits 16.00 

Congo Sangha 1040 

Congo Kasai red 11. 10 

Congo Djuma 775 

Congo I.obay 12.25 

Upper Congo — Batouri 1050 

Upper Congo — Aruwimi 10.10 

Upper Congo — Aruwimi small 

red spindles 10.75 



Sold M.. 

16.50 

10.80 — lO.Sq 

1 1. 22/2 

8.35 

12.65 

lo.So — 10 85 

10.80 



14,260 Upper Congo — Lake Leopold II 11.25 

i4,2iS Upper Congo^Mongalla 1060 

19,708 Upper Congo — Maringa 5.25 

2,640 Angola thimbles 11.25 

5,843 Upper Congo — Equateur 12.30 



12.1 J — 12.271^ 

10.70 
5.32>^ 



l^-5.52j^ 
H.50 



12.72K 



Following is a statement of prices of Pard grades, one year 
ago, one month ago, and on December 30— the current date : 



PARA. January I, '03 

Islands, fine, new 114(8115 

Islands, fine, old none here 

Upriver, fine, new 1 19(8120 

Upriver, fine, old none here 

Islands, coarse, new 65(8 66 

Islands, coarse, old none here 

Upriver, coarse, new 93(8 94 

Upriver, coarse, old none here 

Caucho (Peruvian) sheet 6g(gi 70 

Caucho ( Peruvian) ball 79® So 

AFRICAN. 

Sierra Leone, I stquality 103(31104 
Massai. red 103^104 



December 1, '05. December 30. 
119(gl20 124(8)125 



none here none here 

1221(3123?, 129(8130 

none here none here 

7i@ 72 75(ffi 76 

none here none here 

90C8 91 96® 97 

none here none here 

73@ 74 ■ 740" 75 

88(2 89 9i@ 92 

CENTRALS. 
Esmeralda, sausage. . .88 (089 

Guayaquil, strip 75 @76 

Nicaragua, scrap .. . .84 @i,S 

Panama, slab 66 @67 

Mexican, scrap 87 

Mexican, slab 65 

Mangabeira, sheet. . . .60 
EAST INDIAN. 

Assam 97 

Borneo 45 



(366 
(§70 

@98 
(349 



Per Kilo, 

Upriver, fine. . . 6I500 

Upriver, coarse 4$400 



Benguella 84(3 85 

Cameroon ball 7i(g> 72 

Accra flake 26(g 37 

Lopori ball, prime 112(8113 

Lopori strip, prime. .. . 94® 95 

Madagascar, pinky 92(8 93 

Ikelemba 113(3114 

Late Para cables quote ; 

Per Kilo. 

Islands, fine 5$5oo 

Islands, coarse 2$5oo 

Exchange, lb\\d. 

Last Manaos advices : 

Upriver, fine 6$500 Upriver, coarse 4$ooo 

Exchange, i6|i(/. 

NEW YORK RUBBER PRICES FOR NOVEMBER (NEW RUBBER). 
1905. 

Upriver, fine i.2i(g>i.24 

Upriver. coarse SgC^ 91 

Islands, fine I.i8@i.2i 

Islands, coarse 68(2 72 

Cameta 69® 72 



I904. 




1903. 




1.16(81 


• 3t 


92(81 


.C2 


89® 


98 


78@ 


83 


1.12(ffil 


.26 


90@ 


9» 


62@ 


73 


54® 


58 


63(8 


72 


53@ 


58 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



137 



In regard to the financial situation, Albert B. Bteis (buke 
in India rubber. No. 68 VVilliam street, New York) advises us as 
follows : 

" During December the demand for paper has been light and 
irregular, city banks taking but little, and the small buying by 
out-of-town ones has been at rates running from 5>4 (" 7 per 
cent, for the various rubber names." 
Tires at the Olympia Motor Show. 

Statistics of Para l^ubber {Excluding Caucho) . 





NEW YORK. 










Fine and 




Total 


Tolal 


Toi.I 




Medium, 


Coai»c. 


■905- 


1904. 


1903. 


Stocks, October 3 !..../<>«.( 


196 


31 = 


227 


9 


82 


Arrivals. November 


799 


482 = 


1281 


1285 


1 166 


Aggregating 


995 


513 = 


1508 


1294 


1248 


Deliveries, November 


841 


513 = 


■354 


1287 


1216 


Stocks, November 30 . 


i54 


= 


154 


7 


32 




PAR A. 




ENGLAND 




1905- 


1904. 


■903. 


1905. 


.904. 


"903- 


Stocks. Oct. 31 Ions 155 


.65 


345 


310 


Ill 


435 


Arrivals, November. . . 2725 


2720 


2890 


1270 


994 


'035 



Aggregating 2880 2S85 3235 

Deliveries, November . 2485 2345 3040 



1580 
1075 



1105 
925 



1470 
1 100 



Stocks, Nov. 10. .. 3q5 540 



195 



505 



180 



370 



Ions 



World's visible s pply, November 30. 

Para receipts. July l to November 30 

Par.i receipts of (Caucho, s me dates 

.\float from Pari to United States, Nov. 30. 
Afloat from Para 10 H nr 1 r, November 30.., 

United States Crude Rubber Imports. 



1905 

2334 

!o6io 

770 

443 

837 



1904. 

2067 

9331 

599 

520 

820 



1903. 
2648 
9290 
594 
1017 
1034 



[ten months — JANUARY-OCTOBER— FOR THREE YEARS.] 



From — 



U I. ited Kingdom '■'■'" 

Germany . 

Other Europe 

Central .America 

Mexico 

West Indies and Bei <> 

Brazil 

Other South Americi 

East Indies 

Other Countries 



7.980,826 

1,877,140 

7.599.2b5 

913.681 

235,262 

14.475 
26,084,588 

I. 359. 395 

425.437 

6.201 



6,136,479 

2,089,912 

9.163.577 

1,151,008 

305,647 

12,836 

28,282,456 

853.157 

439,8'9 

'2.270 



"■OS 



7,841.737 

3,716,890 

7.800.784 

1,142.248 

496,719 

5.522 

29.058.906 

1.617.528 

2.753.766 

45.917 



Total ^'^;/ v 46.494.340 49951.326 54,480,017 

Value $28,968,164 $34 315.180 $40,124,377 

Rubber Receipts at Manaos. 

DuRiNC November and five months of the crop season for 
three years [courtesy of Messrs. Scholz & Co.] : 

July-November. 



Krom — 



November. 



'905- 



Rio Purus — .\cre tons 414 

Rio Madeira 320 

Rio Juru.T 361 

Rio Javary — Iquitos. . . . 479 

RioSolimOes. .. 148 

Rio Negro 40 



1904. 

497 
2t6 
260 
302 
144 
15 



1903- 
512 
199 
468 
304 
123 
32 



1905. 

2287 
1258 

978 
i486 

478 
52 



1904. 
1694 
1249 

665 
II58 

258 
33 



>9i>3. 

i6i3 
1208 

882 
1070 

306 
49 



Total 1762 

Caucho 188 



'434 
"24 



163S 
44 



6539 5057 5128 
715 458 472 



Total 1950 1558 



1682 



7254 5515 5600 



Rubber Scrap Prices. 

New York quotations — prices paid by consumers for carload 
lots, in cents per pound — show a decline in several items, as 
follows : 

Old Rubber Boots and Shoes — Domestic .... 7}^ 7^ 

Do — Foreign 1^4 @ "!% 

Pneumatic Bicycle Tires (>l{(fb ti\4 

So'id Rubber Wagon and Carriage Tires 8^@ 8^ 

White Trimmed Rubber io}^@ii 



Heavy Black Rubber S}i @ b 

Air Brake Hose 3M^ @ 3.% 

I'irc and Large Hose 3 @ 3'a 

Garden Hose ^ 2fJ @ 2J^ 

Matting i,^ @ iJi 

'Para. 

Kanthack & Co. report [December 1 1] : 

With a growing feelingof confidence, a general and sustained demand 
has prevailed, and although supplies continue on quite a liberal scale, 
the power of absorption has been equally good. Prices have not only been 
steady throughout, but have lately experienced some improvement, a 
firm tone being noticeable at the close. 

London. 

Edward Till & Co. report stocks [December i]: 



30 
4 

558 

592 



20 

4 



250 



274 



178 


374 


94 


28 


643 


509 


1507 


I185 


1307 


1.85 


1666 


866 


1508 


1564 


1764 


1781 


1920 


5285 



f Para sorts ■ tons — 

I Borneo 49 

London ■{ Assam and Rangoon 52 

I Penang 357 

[^ Other sorts 204 

Total 662 

( Para 504 

LivKRi'OOL -j Caucho 96 

( Other sorts 466 

Total, United Kingdom 1728 

Total, November i 1372 

Total, October i 1489 

T0t.1l, September 1 1694 

Total, August I 1728 

Total, July i 1750 

PRICES PAID DURING NOVEMBER. 

190s- ■904. ■9<'3 

Para fine, hard s/ 2'/i@s/ 3l-2 ■\/j''4@S/ S'A S/io (84/2 

Do soft 5/ lK@5/ 2^ 4/11 fis/ 4.V 3/ 9 @4/ 

Negroheads, scrappy.. 3/fo>^@3/li 3/ 95^(0.3/11^^ 3/ 3 @3/ 4J/ 

Do Cameta.2/ii3/@3/ 2 2/ 9}2@2/ioi^ 2/ 3>^@2/ 51.^ 

Bolivian 5/ 2^(015/ 3 J/ None sold 4/ @4/ 2 

Caucho.ball 3/ 9^4^(»3/ioX' 3/ 5 ©3/6^3/3 @3/ A^ 

Do slab 3/ i>^@3/ 2 2/1 1 "^©3/ i ?/ byi@7/ 9 

Do tails No sales 2/ 8J^@3/ 2,'4 2/10 

Liverpool. 

William Wright & Co. report [December i] : 
Finf Purd —There has been more demand for spot rubber. Prices 
have only fluctuated slightly, closing quotation being $s. 3</. for Up- 
river, and 5j. 2il. for Islands. For delivery there has been a strong de- 
mand, especially for January-February and February-March, which still 
continues, 5^. 2%'l. to 5^. 31/. being to-day's value. To our mind this 
presages the probability of a strong American demand during the heavy 
month's receipts. During next month it is possible prices may react 
slightly, but all present indications point to a strong demand and no ma- 
terial break in prices. A very large business could have been done in 
delivery for next year, but selleisdeclined to operate freely, which is not 
to be wondered at, when Macaos prices are 2'^i/. per pound over those 
ruling here, and a further cause of hesitation is due to the uncertainty of 
American action in the near future. Present rates, from a manufactur- 
er's point of view, are, we think, fairly safe. 

Edmund Schluter & Co. report [November 30] : 

Pard Rubier. — The early part of the month was under the influence 

SPECIAL NOTICE. 



Party wanted with capital to invest in well established rubber 
plant, to assume active part and fill position as treasurer. Splendid 
opportunity for the tight party. Address CAPITAL, care of "The 
India Rubber World." (894] 

FOR RENT. 



FOUR Floors, 50 x 70 feet, in a nearly new brick factory building. 
Equipped with line shafting on each floor ; Automatic Sprinklers throughout 
the building ; Uou.ser freight elevator ; light, heat, and [>ower furnished. For 
particulars write William Yerdon, Fort Plain, New York. [79*] 



138 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



of predicted large receipts during November and December, and al- 
though the actual receipts in November were only moderate, the market 
at the close is still — even in a lesser degree — under the same intluence. 
Since we issued our last monthly report Mangos indications are unani- 
mous in predicting smaller receipts during January-March, iqo6, than 
during January March, 1905. If this is borne out by the facts, and con- 
sidering the large deliveries which have taken place (July-October, 1905, 
about 1300 tons more than July-October, 1904, and July-November, 
probably 1500 tons more) it may be safe to assume that supplies will not 
be too large and prices, temporary fluciuations excepted, not go lower. 
We give the reports of an expected mild winter in the United States and 
Canada, for what they are worth ; if correct they may mean no advance 
in the value of rubber, which otherwise, and in the circumstances men- 
tioned, would be probable rather than possible. 

world's visible supply of paras, NOVEMBER 30. 
1905. 

Tons 2830 

Prices, hard fine 5/3 

LIVERPOOL STOCKS OF AFRICAN RUBBER, NOVEMBER 30. 

1905 307 1902 473 1899 533 

1904 443 IQOI 048 1898 460 



1904. 


'903. 


1902. 


1901. 


2224 


2900 


3167 


3359 


5/5 K 


4/ 


3/-iH 


3/7 



•443 
. igS 



1900 



.802 



1903 

ANTWERP RUBBER STATISTICS FOR NOVEMBER. 



•354 



Details. 



I905^ 



Stocks, Oct. 3 1 .iiU< 
Arrivals in Nov . . . 

Congo sorts 

Other sorts 



Aggregating.. 
Sales in November. 



554.483 
61:4,835 

161,478 

:, 178, 868 
543.57= 



1904. 



710,860 
336.701 

267. 77S 
68923 

1,047,561 
435.835 



876,637 
361,895 

303-453 
58,442 



1,238,532 
558,390 



Stocks, Nov. 30. ... j 635,296 611.726! 680,142 



Arrivals sincejan. i . 
Congo sorts .. 
Other sorts 



• 239.553 
4,006,203 
1.-33.35° 



,182,012 

4,263 232 
918 7S0 



Sales since Jan. I..pi45,6i8|5,i8i,i86 



5,088,325 

4.58o,45f 
507,869 



350.138 

235.231 

201,172 
34,059 

585.369 
399 408 

185 961 



1901. 



4,604.749 

4.232,804 

371,945 



5.066,288 4 S33.497 5,414,930 



266,105 

683,521 

600,897 

22.624 

949,626 
106 325 

S43.301 

,644,282 

5234.931 

409.351 



RUBBER ARRIVALS AT ANTWERP. 

November 20.— By the Philippeville, from the Congo: 
Bunge & Co (Societe General Africaine) kilos 152 000 



Do 

Do (Chemins de fer Grand Lacs) 

Do (Cie. du Kasai) 

Do (Sultanats du H.iut Ubangi) 

Charles Dethier (Belgika) 

Do (Societe La "M'Poko") 

Edmond Van Steensel (Cie. Bruxelloise du Haut 

Congo) 

M. S. Cols. (Societe Baniembe) 

Do (Mr. C. D'Heygere) 

Societe Coloniale Anversoise 

Do (Beige du Haut Congo) 

Comptoir des Produits Coloniaux (Societe N'Goko 

Sangha) 

Do (Ekela Kadci Sangha) 

Societe General de Commerce. . . . Societe La Lobay) 

Cie. Commerciale des Colonies (Cie. de I'N'Keme et 

I'N Keni) 

Do " (La Haut Sangha) 

Societe Equatoriale Congolaise.. .(Societe I'lkelemba) 



31,000 
16,000 
70,000 
ig.ooo 

1,000 

6,000 

1,500 
1,000 
2,000 
7,000 
2,000 

2.500 
3.500 
4,000 

4.500 
3.000 
1,500 327.500 



December 12.— By the AnversvilU, from the Congo: 
Bunge & Co (Societe Generale Africaine) kilos 327,000 

Do . 35,000 

Do (Chemins de fer Grand Lacs) 11,500 

Do (ABIR) 17,000 

Cynptoir Commercial Congolais 17,700 

Socieie Coloniale Anversoise (Cie. Frar.(;aise du Haut 
, . . . Congo) 

Do (Beige du Haut Congo) 

Do 

Do (Slid Kamerun) 

Do (Cie. du Ka-^ai) 

M. S. Cols (Societe 1' Ikelemba) 

Do Mr. C. D'Heygere) 

L & VV. Van de Velde , 15,000 511,200 

Ceylon Exports {'Plantation Rubber). 



2.000 
9,000 
1,000 

S.oco 

75,000 
1,500 
500 



details- 
Pounds. 

January i to Oct. 23 .... 107,056 
Weekending Oct. 30... 4.075 

Week ending Nov. 6 1.943 

Week ending Nov. 13. .. . 7,017 



BY WEEKS. 

Pounds. 
Week ending Nov. 20. . . 999 

Total to Nov. 20 121,090 

Same period. 1904 62,641 

Same period, 1903 38,215 



DESTINATION. 

Great Britain 87,767 Belgium... 9,297 

Germany... '6,234 Australia 1,152 

United States 6,594 Holland 125 



D. 



IMPORTS FROM PARA AT NEW YORK. 

[The Figures Intiimte Weights in Pounds.X 

:oemb;r 5. — By the steamer Basil, from Mataos and Para : 



Importers. Fine. 

New Vork Commercial Co. 216,300 

Poel & Arnold 97,400 

A. T. Morse & Co 102,900 

General Rubber Co )0,8oo 

Neale & Co 

H.igemeyer & Brunn 9, goo 

L. Hagenaers & Co 19,000 5,800 

Edmund Reeks & Co. .. . 8.000 700 12,900 



kfedium. 


Coarse. 


49,100 


74.200 


18,500 


105.800 


11,200 


17 000 


5,300 


49,900 




48,000 


2,400 


18,900 



Caucho. 



2,900 = 
2,100 = 



Total 494,300 

December 18. —By the steamer . 
New Vork Commercial Co. 1S6.500 

Poel & Arnold 87,900 

A. T. Morse& Co... .. 70,800 

General Rubber Co 18.300 

Edmund Reeks et Co . . . . 26,200 
Hagemeyer & Brunn. . . . 23.400 

L. Hagenaers & Co 15,000 

Neale & Co 10.500 

Constantine P. San Tos. . 7,200 
Neuss & Hesslein Co 1,600 



200 332.500 5,000= 

Maranhense, from Man.ios 

27,600 74,600 2,700 = 

27,400 91,300 i,Soo= 

20,800 46.OCO 11,600= 

5,500 52,900 = 

4,200 8,500 300= 

2,800 2,100 = 

4,200 = 

1,400 5.700 ....= 

300 600 . . . . = 
300 goo 



700 = 



Total, 

339.600 

221, 600 

1 3 1 , 1 00 

48,100 

48.000 

3 1 , 200 

24.800 

2t,6oo 

919,000 

and Para : 

291,400 

208,400 

= 149,200 

= 76,700 

39,200 

28,300 

i9,2co 

17,600 

8.100 

3.500 



Total 447400 90.300 286,800 17,100= 841,600 

December 26 — By the s'eamer Hubert, from Manaosand Pat;'i : 



A. T. Morse & Co 175.700 

Poel .& Arnold 149,600 

New York Commercial Co. 146.600 

General Rubber Co 38 .700 

Neale & Co 

L. Hagenaers & Co 24.300 

C P. San Tos 8,200 

Edmund Reeks & Co 10,000 

Hagemeyer & Brunn 7 800 



27.900 
26,600 
30.500 
14.500 



3.600 
t.ico 
2.300 



73.000 

55,7fo 

35.300 

67,700 

45 500 

4.300 

5.600 

6.200 

1,200 



2,100= 
6,200 = 

1,800= 
1,800^ 



600= 



178,700 

238,100 

214,200 

122,700 

45.500 

28,600 

iS.oco 

17.300 

11.300 



Total 560,900106.500294,50012,500= 974.400 

[N 'TK.— The slpamer /J;«rt2£.«^wj^ from ParS, is due at New York. January 4, 
with 650 tons Rubber. I 



PARA RUBBHR via EUROPE. 

POUNDS 

I)KC. 1— By the (Vdn'c= Liverpool: 

New York Coniniercial To (Fine) I8.OOO 

Poel & Arnold (Coarse) 80.000 98,000 



OTHER ARRIVALS ATNEW YORK. 



Dkc. 18.— By the Mnii i.! = Ltverpooi: 
New York Commercial Co. (Fine) .. 

I)KC.21.— By tlie Cei'ic=Liverpool: 

Poel&Arnoid (Coarse) 3.').Oon 

Poel & AmoUUCaucho) 115,000 us,roo 

Dec. 26.— By the Caronio=Llverpool : 
New York Commercial Co. (Fine) 28,000 



CENTRALS. 

Nov.24.— By the .4(c)if=Car hbean : 

U. Amsinck &Co. 

Colon: 

8.000 

L-Awrence .Johnson & Co 6.100 

CJ. Amsinck&Co 3 700 

A.Santos&Co 3 600 

Uoldan A Van Sickle. 2.-<i'0 

Duniarest Bros. SCO 2.(;oo 

E.B.Strout ■ 2 100 

.1 A. Medina &Co 1.700 



2.50(1 



Nov. '-M.— By the AW.ar\ca 
H.COO Hirrel, Feltman& Co 



(•EyTRALS.—Omlbinrd. 



Piza, Nephews & Co 

Charles E. Griffin . 

Silva. Biissi>nins*i Co 

Sniithpr«, Nordenholt ,v Co... 

MevprHe''ht.. 

HarbU'ger & Stack 

Isaac Kuble& Co 



2.100 
1.000 

800 
."iOO 
.5(in 
600 
.500 



S.^.SOO 



Nov. 2.5. — Bythe I/i(canin= Liverpool : 
(ieorge A. Alden aco 

Nov. 2"). — By the .sV(/»ran(.a=Mexieo: 

E. Stelger & (;o 1 .000 

Harburneift Stack , 1,009 



January i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



139 



CENTR A LS.— Continued. 

Kred. I'rol>bl & Co 700 

Tliebaud Hrolliers SOU 3,200 

Nov. 27.— By tbe New l'orfc= London: 

Poel&AruoW 22,500 

Nov. 28.— By tli« San .Wnrc<i8=Moblle: 

A.T. Morse&Co 2,800 

EK(!«rs& ileluleln . I,500 

Kuropeaii Option 2,500 6,800 

Nov. 28.— By the -4lt<B?»ain/=Oolombla: 

.lolin Boyd, .Ir. & Co 2,W0 

A. A. Lindo&Uo 60O 2,600 

Nov. 2S.— By the l'«ian=Biihla: 

Uiisch* Kaiser 11,200 

American Commercial Co 3,r)(l0 H.'iiO 

I)KC. 1.— By the /■'inaiK:e=Colon ; 

lUrzel, Keltiiian&Co 23,800 

Muun Ki Kiiulon 3,500 

G. Ainsluck A Co 2,200 

J. A. Mcdliia&Co 700 .30,200 

Dko. 1.— By tb« Pra<ei(S=New Orleans : 

A.T.Morse & Co 2,600 

Manhattan KubberMfK Co 2,ou0 4,50n 

Dec. 2.— By the El ,lii)a=Galveston : 

Continental Mexico Co 11,500 

l)i:c. 4.— By the ruca<an= Mexico: 

E. StelgerSUo 1600 

HarburgerS Stack 700 

U. MarquardtJt Co 700 

Kuropean Account 16,000 17,900 

Dko. 6.— By the .4(iunnce=l"olon : 

Lawrence Johnson & Co 4,400 

Koldan & Van Sickle S.SOO 

O. Amslnckft Co 5,400 

Hlrzel.Feltman ACo 6,000 

Mecke S Co 3,700 

J. A. Medlna& Co 2,900 

Isaac Brandon & Bros 1,300 

American Trading Co 1,I00 

E. B. Strout 1,400 

Dnmarest Bros. &Go 1,100 

A. Santos SCO 1,000 

George A, Alden A Co 900 

MeyerHecht 600 31,600 

DttO. 8.— By the VircriniasGreytown: 

E. B. Strout 3,500 

W. K. Gract) & Co 700 

Et!Kers & llelnleln l.ooo 

Hlrzi'l, Keltnian & Co SCO 

G. AmslnckACo 600 6,500 

Dko. 8.— By the Exceltior=^e.v; Orleans: 

A. T. Morse & Co 7,.')00 

A.N.Rotholz 2.500 

Kggers & lleinlein 2 000 

G. Amsinck & Co 1,600 13,500 

Dkc. 9.— By the Tient=CoIombla: 

E. B. Strout 3,000 

A M.CapensSons 3,600 

Czarnkow McDougalCo 500 7,000 

Dko. 11.— By the Bspero>iia=Mexlco: 

Graham, HInkley & Co 1,500 

E. N. Tlbbals Co . . .500 

E. Stelger J: i;o 600 2,600 

Dkc. 12.— By the.4(tai=Colonibla: 

A. &T. Henry 2,500 

Kunhardt&Co 1,600 

K..ldan A Van Sickle 1,600 

.John Boyd, Jr. & Co 1.500 

American Trading Co 1,000 

G. Amsinck & Co 80O 

Isaac Brandon & Bros 700 

A. D. Straus & Co 5on io.ooo 

Dec. 13. -By the re)-cncc=Bahia : 

HlrschS Kaiser 11.000 

American Commercial Co 3,600 14,500 

Dec. 13.— By the .1fca;ico=Colon : 

Hirzol, Feltman .S Co 10.700 

Andean Trading Co 1,700 21,100 

Dec. 13.— By the El Dia=iGalveston: 

New York Commerci;,lCo 22,.500 

Dkc. 10.— By the St. /'aui^London : 

Po«l& Arnold 8,000 

General liubber Co 3,000 11,000 

Dko. 10.— By the A/ ii7m6(on/(a= London: 

(Jeneral Rubber Co 15,000 

George A. Alden& Co 13,000 28,000 

Deo. 18.— By the Fi{;i(ancia= Mexico : 

H. Maniuardt SCo 2„600 

Harburger* Stack 2,600 



CENTRA L8- Continued. 



E. Slelger & Co 

Graham, Illnkley •& L'o. 

George A , Kaber 

Samueb Brothers 



500 
800 
60O 
700 7,.50O 



Dec. 18.— By the /MBniia=Colon : 

Mann& Knidon 0,100 

Plza, Nephews & Co 1,600 

J. A. Medina ,<: Co 1,800 

Lawrence .lolinsou A> Co 1,400 

G. Amsinck&Co 1,000 

Harburger& Stack 400 12,300 

Dec. 18.-By the BlSud^ Galveston: 

Continental Mexico Co 7.000 

Fllnt,!tCo 500 7,600 

Dko 20.— By the El .i;on<e=New Orleans: 

A.N.Rotholz 3,000 

A.T. Morse & Co 2.000 

Manhattan Rubber Mfg. Co l.ono 0,000 

Deo. 20.— By the »iniin=Costa Rica: 

G. Amslnck A Co 4,600 

A.A. Lindo&Co 1.600 

Roldanfi Van Sickle l.ooo 

Lawrence .lohnsonA Co 800 

Mecke&Co 600 8,300 

Dkc. 21.— By the y{i/ron=Bahla: 

I'oel &. Arnold 26,600 

Hirsch & Kaiser 12,000 

L.Johnson & Co 1,500 

American Commercial Go 000 49,000 

Dec. 22.— By the /^ot««s=New Orleans: 
A. T. Morse & Co 

Dec, 32— By the Ortnoco=Gre) town, etc. : 

E. B. SlfHil 3,0011 

Sclielton ftSchofeld 2,00(i 

American Trading Co l.ooo 

MeyerHecht 600 

J. A Medlna&Co .500 

Pedro A. Lopez 6O0 



3,600 

7, ,500 
13,C(HI 

t!NDB, 

77,000 

i2,;i»o 

17 .500 
11,60 



Dkc. 20.— By the /?aj/nmo=Mexico: 

Theband Brothers 1,000 

H. Marqiiardt & Co 600 

Harburger& Stack 5no 

European Account 1 1 .500 

AFRICANS. 

po 

Nov. 23.— By the Oeo»-6ric=Llverpool : 

Poel A Arnold 60.000 

F. U. Muller&Co ll.Oijn 

Nov. 24. —By the Penn»i/Ii>ania=Hamburg; 

PoelA Arnold 14,000 

A.T. Morse & Co ll.OOO 

George A. Alden A Co li,li»o 

Rubber Trading Co (.,.500 

Nov, 2.5,— By the Li(caKia=Llverpool: 
George A. Alden & Co 

Nov. 27.— By the ,VfnneopoIia=London: 
George A. Alden & Co 

Nov. 27.— By the >4mcn/f(7 = Haniburg : 

George A. Alden & Co." 18.000 

A.T. Mor^e&Co 16.000 

Poel & Arnold 6.,500 

Rubber Trading Co 3,600 

General Rubber Co 6,600 49,.5oo 

Nov. 28.— By the .•i™ie»ifa7i=I.lverpool : 
F. U. Muller i Co 2li,000 

Dec. 1— By the t'6riric=i,lverpool: 

Geoige A. Alden& Co 27,500 

Poel & Arnold 13,60(1 

F. H. Muller&Co 16,000 

A.W.Brunn ll,.500 68,.5O0 

Dec. 4.— By the f7mbrirt=Liverpool : 

George A, Alden & Co 70.000 

Robinson «i Tallni»n 6,000 76,000 

Dec. 8.— By tbe Kroon!(ind=Antwerp: 

Poel A A: nold 190.000 

A.T. Morsi'&Co 180,000 

George A. Alden .■«; Co 112,000 

Wessern Elerlrlc Co 22.500 

Genera] Rubber Co 17,500 532,000 

Deo. 8,- By the ;jf!7£i<;= Liverpool: 

George A. Alden ,<; Co 78000 

Kooinson Jii Tallman 6,500 

Poel ,t Arnold 2000 

Kubber Trading Co 2,000 88,500 

Dec. 11 —By the 7'atrieia= Hamburg: 

A.T.MorseA Co 30,000 

Rubber Trading Co 6.000 

Poel&Arnold 5,000 41,000 



A FRTCANS-Continued. 

Dec. 11.— By the Carman(a=Llverpool: 

George A. Alden A Co 14,000 

Joseph Cantor 11,000 

A.T, Morse&Co 6,000 30,000 

1)1.0. 11 —By the 7?0fie= Liverpool : 

George A. Alden & Co 68.000 

General Rubber Co S4,000 00,000 

Dec. 12.— By the ^Vurenfi/hsRoiterdam: 
Poel & Arnold 16,000 

Di;c. 13.— By tbe F'ader/a»id= Antwerp: 

Poel A Arnold 150,000 

George A. Alden SCO 80,000 

Joseph Cantor 18,000 194,000 

Deo. 14.— By tbe A/ojcshe— Liverpool: 
A. T. Morse A Co 18,000 

Dec. 16.— By the ri<;/orta)i=Llverpool: 

A. W. Brunn is.BiiO 

George A. Alden & Co 3,000 18.5C0 

Dec. 16.— By the /'ento»u!ar= Lisbon: 
General Rubber Co 40.000 

Dec. 16. -By the /{"n(enuj;=Havre: 
George A. Alden A Co 14,000 

Dec. ig —By the .V/inn«ion;(f.= London : 
George A. Alden A Co 5,000 

Dec. 18.— By the 7'rc(oiia- Hamburg: 
George A. Alden A Co 15,600 

Dec. 18.— By the K(rKnn=Llverpool: 

A.T. Morse&Co 11,500 

George A. Alden A Co 7,000 18,.50O 

Deo. 18.— By the /•"iiilaiid= Antwerp: 
Rubber Trading Co 6.000 

Dec. 19.— By the niuec/i«»=nambure: 

Qeoige A. Alden ACo 11,600 

A.T.Morse&Co 6,500 17,000 

Dec. 21.— By the Occ<Tn<c= Liverpool; 

F. R. Muller A Co 40 000 

PoelAArnold 34,000 

George A. Alden & Co 16,000 »0,000 

Dec. 26.— By the Ca7™i!a= Liverpool: 

Poll A Arnold 50,000 

A.T. Morse&Co 16.000 

George A. Alden & Co 18.000 90,000 

EAST INDIAN. 

Nov. 27 —By tbe .Vi)i«ea;)a(is=LondoD; 

George A. Alden A Co. 2,5,000 

PoelAArnold l.OOO 26.000 

Nov. 27.— By the /4men/(a= Hamburg : 
A.T. Morse&Co 3,000 

Deo. 2.— By the Afghan iVince=Singapore: 

Poel A Arnold 60.0C0 

A. T.Morse&Co 13,500 

F.R.Muller&Co 11,.500 8.5,000 

Dec. 4.— By the if 4n»ic)ia;in= London: 

George A. Alden & Co 3,000 

Poel&Arnold 2,500 

H. W. I'eabody ACo 1,000 6,600 

Dec. 5.— By the La Gasc«»i/ne=. Havre: 
PoelAArnold 2,000 

Dec. 6.— By the Sierra Btanca=Slngapore: 

George A. Alden A Co 78.000 

I'lci re T. Belts 9.000 

A.T.Morse&Co 11,000 

Robert Branns& Co 11,500 109,600 

Dec. 13.— By the il/mnrc London: 

George A. Alden & Co 15,000 

D. A. Shaw&Co 5,600 20,602 

Dec. 14.— By the Sencca=Slngapore: 

George A. Alden A Co . 26,000 

Pierre T. Belts 22.600 

Poel A .Arnold 11,500 

F. R.MnllerCo 4,600 63,50o 

Dec. 16. —By iheS(.J'aid= London: 
A. T. Morse A Co 11,500 

Deo. 16.— By the Miiiiietonlia=toDi\ou: 

Robinson A Tal man.. . 4,600 

George A. Alden A Co 4,500 0,000 

Dec. 18.— By the /Yftoria^Hamburf: 
Earle Brothers 3,600 



140 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[January i, 1906. 



EAST INDIAN— Continued. 
V>KC. 18.— By the Drachenfelt aCoIombo: 

G.;orge A. Aldeu & Co 1,000 

American Trading Co 1,B00 2,600 

I)KC. 10. -By the .U6ni9a=Slngapore: 

Hi'aliler&Co' 22,500 

A.X.Morse *Co 5,500 28,000 

Dec. 21.— By theSn/.siimrt—SingHpore: 

F. K. Muller &Co 27 000 

Pierre T. Bells 17,500 

PoelJtAruo4d 1 1,500 

I). A. SUaw&Co 4.600 00.500 

GUTTA-JELUTONG. 

Dec.3.— By l\i» Afghan Prin<re= Singapore: 

Heabler&Co 155.000 

George A. Alden &Co i!65.000 

F. K Muller&Co .50.000 

Poel& Arnold 150,000 60ii,U00 

Uko.5.— By the .Sierra B(a»ica=Slngapore: 

George A. Aldeu & Co 45p,000 

lleabler&Co . ilO.OOO 

Pierre T. Belts 25,0 

Robert Branss^Co 55,000 640,000 

Uk.c. 14.— By llie Sciieca =Slngapore. 

Georg* A. Alden & Co 295,000 

Robert BraussS Co 125,000 

Robinson & Tallnian U0,000 570,000 

Dec. la —By the ..l/hen(/a=:Singapore. 

George A.AUlen^Co 225,000 

Heabler&Co no.QOO 336,000 

I)KC. 21.— By the Sa(suma=Slngapore. 
J. W. Pbyfer & Co 55.000 

GUTTA-PERCHA AND BALATA. 

FOUNDS* 

Nov. 24.— By the P<ftiisi/Ii)a?»ia— Hamburg: 
ToOrder 7,000 

Nov. 27.— By the .l/t"niicapo!i«= London: 
R. F. Muller& Co 13,600 



OUTTA-PERCHA AND JiALATA— Continued. 

Dkc. B.— By the Sierra Biancn=Slngapore ; 
To Order il5,00o 

Dkc. 14.— By the .S'ci«ca=Slngapore: 

G»orge A. Alden &Co 81,000 

Poel«i A.uold ll„500 

ne:ibler*Co 11,500 57,000 

Dec. 16.— By the Minnetonka^Loudon : 
Henry A. Gould Co 17,600 

Dkc. 18.— By the 7Ve/orirt=Hamburg: 
ToOrder 37,000 



iNov. 24.— By the iUarnva; =Cuidad Bolivar: 

.Middleton & Co 7,000 

A. H. Wappans 45,000 52.000 

Dec 12.— By the .So<erdi/fc= Rotterdam: 
Earle Brothers 



11,500 



10,000 



Dec i.i.— By the ^/n(ne=London : 
Earle Bi others 

Dec. I8.-By the /"retoria—Hamburg: 
Earle Brothers 



CUSTOM HOUSE STATISTICS. 

PORT OF NEW YORK-NOVEMKER. 
Imporii : pounds. value 

India-rubber 4,373,403 $3,667,179 

Guttapercha 12.181 12,865 

Guttajelutong (Fontianak)... 1.486,676 71,303 

Total 5,872,260 $3,751,347 

Exporti : 

India-rubber 27.618 $ 19.801 

Reclaimed rubber 326,010 35,716 

Rubber Scrap Imported 1,943.380 $149,320 



BOSTON ARRIVALS. 

POUNDS. 

Oct. 2.— By the -1/(e)iii;nii = Llverpool: 
George A. Alden Si Co.— African 11,105 

Oct. 8— By the Sn.roiiir' = I,lverpool: 
Poel& Arnold— African 10,528 

Oct. 17.— By the 6'ac/iem=I.,lverpool: 
F. R. Milller & Co.- Afrlc:jn 6,560 

Oct. 25.— Bytbe .S(t9(im«r«=Llverpooi: 
PoelJt Arnold-African 12,313 

Oct. 30.— By the JJewmiart=l,iverpool: 

Feel & Arnold-African 2.506 

Poel & Arnold— Oaucho 34,869 

Total 76,881 

[Value, $45,6f4.1 

POUNDS 

Nov. 4.— By the ,5axonin=Liveri)OOl: 
George A. Alden & Co. —African .... i'..754 
George A. AlUen &Co.— Caucho 84,480 91,234 

Nov. 8.— By the iUic/ii9a» = Liverpool: 
George A. Alden & Co.— African 10.374 

Nov. 15.— By the 3ia)'(/ue«e=Antwerp: 
George A. Alden & Co.— African 30.522 

Nov. 20.— By the.S'(ic/icm=Llverpooi: 
Poj1& Arnold.— African 7,047 

Nov. 21.— By Ihe .S(ichem=Liverpool: 
F. R. MuIlerS Co.— African 5.891 

Nov. 27.— By the Saoamore- Liverpool: 
George A. Alden & Co— Fine Par .. 3.671 

Nov. 27.— By the 7?H(()ar!a = Hambnrg: 
PoelJt Arnold. --African 5,664 

Total 154.39S 

[Value, $103,151.] 



OFFICIAL STATISTICS OF CRUDE INDIA-RUBBER (in Pounds). 



UNITED STATES. 




GREAT BRITAIN. 




MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS. 


MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 1 EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS. 


October, 1905 


4.803,749 
49,676.268 


413,335 
2,356,825 


4,390.414 

47,319.443 

51,709,857 

47.066,739 
43,537,232 




4,971,904 2,818.593 
46,466,224 25,599,392 


2,153,312 
20,866,832 




January-September 

Ten months, I305 

Ten months, 1 304 

Ten months, 1)03 




Ten months, 1905 

Ten months, 1904 

Ten months, 1903 


54.480,017 
49,951,326 
46,495.455 


2,770,160 
2,884,587 
2,958,223 


51,438,128 28,417,984 

45,566,416 16,909 9to 
44,926,000 i 32,337.424 


23,020,144 
18,656,506 
12,588,576 



GERMANY. 








ITALY. 






MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NETlMPORTS. 


MONTHS, 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NETlMPORTS. 


October, 1905 


4.138,420 
33.791,120 


1,738.440 
12.538,900 


2,399,980 
21,252,220 

23,652.200 
21,894,840 
18,764,900 




140,140 
1,244,100 


4400 
222,420 


135,740 


January-September 


January-September 

Ten months, 1905 

Ten months, 1904 

Ten months. 1903 


1. 021. 680 


Ten mouths, 190S 

Ten months, 1904 


37.929.540 
29,682.620 
28.516,400 


14,277.340 
7.787,780 
9.751,500 


1,384,240 
1,269,840 
1,286,120 


226,820 
103,180 
126.720 


I. 157.420 
1,166,660 
1.159,400 


Ten months, 1903 



FRANCE.* 


AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. 


MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS 


MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. NETlMPORTS. 




19.182,900 


12,190,640 


6,992,260 


October, 1905 

Tanuarv-Seotember 


188,760 
2,275,680 


5,500 183,260 
21,780 2,253,900 


January-September 




Ten months, 1905 

Ten months. 1904 

Ten months, 1903 


Ten months. 1905 


17,219,180 
13,195,820 


9,367,600 
7,619,040 


7,851.580 
5.576.780 


2,464.440 
2,297,900 
2,400,420 


27,280 2,437,160 

I$,920 2,278,980 
22,660 2.377.760 


Ten months, 1903 



BELGIUM.t 




MONTHS. 


IMPORTS. 


EXPORTS. 


NET IMPORTS' 


Note. — German statistics include Gutta-percha, Balata, 
old (wiste) rubber, and substitutes. British figures include 
old rubber. French, Austrian, and Italian figures include 
Gutta-percha. The exports from the United States embrace 


October, 1905 

January-September 


2,576,706 

12.953.283 


1,979,287 
9,492,946 


597,419 
3,460,337 


Ten months, 1905 


15,529.989 
15,058,005 

13.949.509 


11,472,233 
12,665,992 
10,595,017 


4,057.756 
2,393,013 
3,354.492 


the supplies for Canadian consumption. 


Ten months, 1903 


•General Commerce. t Special Commerce. 



Januakv 1, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



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H. O. WARREN, 
Pres't and Treas. 



'4r^ 





RUBBER HOSE 



-I'liK- 

WATER 
SUCTION 
STEAM 
AIR 

FIRE PROTECTION 
ACIDS 

BREWERIES 
Sole Manufacturers of the ceUbrated "MALTESE CROSS" and "LION" Brands Rubbers PNEUflATIC TOOLS 

The best fitting, best wearing; and most stylish rubber footwear on the market. 



...Russ"''*''' Co 



SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO EXPORT ORDERS 



C. N. CANDEE, 
Secretary. 



The Gutta Percha & Rubber Mfg. Co. of Toronto, Limited 

Head Offices— 47 Yonge Street, TORONTO. CANADA 

branches: MONTREAL WINNIPEG CALGARY VANCOUVER LONDON. ENG. SYDNEY, N.S.W. 

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RUBBER CULTIVATION AND THE CHEMISTRY OF RUBBER. 

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ESTABLISHED 1855 

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AND MECHANICAL RUBBER GOODS OF EVERY KIND. 



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Edited by HENRT C. PEARSGN-Offices. No. 150 Nassau Street, NEW YORK. 



r*L XXXIII. No, 5. 



FEBEUARY 1, 1906. 



S6 Cents a Copy. 
$8.00 Per Tear. 



NORTH British 
Rubber Co. limited 




EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND 

The PIONEER manufacturers of Over- 
shoes and ^oots in Great Britain 

'Patentees and Manufacturers of the first 
DETACHABLE pneumatic tyre 

THE CLINCHER 

(Bartlclfs Patent) 

FOR MOTOR-CARS. MOTOR-CYCLES, CYCLES, Etc. 

J^ 

WAREHOUSES and DEPOTS: 

London, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham 
Leeds, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Brussels, Paris, Berlin, Vienna, Amsterdam, Milan, Constantinople, Hong Kong, Etc. 




CASTLE MILLS, EDINBURGH 



Chloridi 

of 
Sulphur 

Carbin 
tetra- 

Chloridi 

Largest 
Makers 
in the 
World. 

Acker 
Process 
Go. 

Niagara 
Falls, N. ' 

SEE 
PAGE 
XXVI. 



LAMPBLACKS especially for RUBBER MANUFACTURE. 



SAMUEL CABOT, BOSTON, MASS. 



u 



THE INDIA RUBBER 'WORLD 



[February i, 1906. 



SHOE output: 15,000 Pairs Daily. 



ESTABLISHED 1854-. 



MARK OF QUALITY 




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MANUFACTURERS OF 



LIMITED 



ALL KINDS OF HIGH GRADE GENERAL RUBBER GOODS, 



AND SOLE MAKERS OF THE 



Celebrated 'CANADIAN" Rubbers. 



Wc are always open to correspond with 
experienced Rubber men. both (or 
Faaory and Executive Work. 



Factory and Executive Offices '. 
MONTREAL, P. Q. 



Inventions kindred to the Trade and ideas 
for development, invited. Our De- 
velopment Department gives theac 
matters special attention. 



D. LORBE McGIBBOn. Canadian Sales Branches : HALIFAX, N. S., MONTREAL, Que., TORONTO, Ont., WINNIPEG, Man., VANCOUVER, B. C. 
General Man«ger. Foreign Sales Agencies: LONDON, England, FRANCE, AUSTRIA, SYDNEY, Australia, NEW ZEALAND, NEWFOUND- 
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Rubber Factory 

ASBESTOS-AND RUBBER WORKS 
ALFRED CALMON, LTD. 

HAMBURG-GERMANY 
Manufacturers of all kinds of 

Asbestos and I^ubbcr Goods 



ELECTRIC HOSE & RUBBER CO., 

WILMINGTON, DELAWARE. 




MANUFACTURERS OF 



Highest Class Packings 



AGENTS WANTED 



Hose for all purposes by a new and improved 

process — made in any continuous length. - 1 

Vulcanized under pressure. 

Cannot possibly unwrap or separate between plies. 

Great strength and durability. 

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and Asbestos Manufacturers. 

ELECTRIC WIRES AND CABLES. 

Works in MILAN SPEZIA & VILLANUEVA Y OELTRU, (Spain). 

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February i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



14X 



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No. 150 NASSAU ST,. NEW YORK. 



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ASS(JCIA IE. 



Vol. 33. 



FEBRUARY 1, 1906. 



No. 5. 



8UBBORIPTIOMB: $3.00 per year, tl.TB forsix montbs, postpaid, for the United 
States and Canada. Foreign countries, same price. Special Kates for 
Clubs of five, ten or more subscribers. 

ADVEKTI8IN0: Kates win be made known on application 



COPYRIGHT, ifos, BY 

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Entered at New York Post Oftlce as mall matter of tlie second-class. 



148 

149 
149 

150 



lABLt OF CONTENTS. 

PAOK. 

Editorial : 

Rubber from Neglected Sources 141 

Is llK- Tide Turning ? 142 

Minor Kditorial . ,. 142 

Plans for Rubber Exploitation in Peru 143 

[Wilh 6 llUistratioiis ] 
The India- Rubber Trade in Great Britain. Uur Regular Corresr.oniii nl 145 
[Cul Sheet From Ahroatl. Tlie Unity Rubber Co. H. Schumacher & 
Co. Seienlific Discussions. Electrical Notes. Liberian Rubber. Ir- 
well and Kaslern Rubber Co. The Silverlown Compan> 's Report. Plan- 
tation Rubber.] 

Rubber Prospects in Liberia 147 

I I'lot.ttioM ol a London Conip.iny. A Hit of British Sarcasm.] 

Tbe Mexican Yellow Tree 

LWith I Illustration.] 

Rubber Planting in the Congo 

Plantation "Rabio" 

[With 2 Illustrations.] 

Some New Experimental Calenders 

[With 5 Illustrations ] 

Crud" and Reclaimed Rubbers 151 

Rubber Covered Signal Wire 152 

British Cable Makers' Association 152 

New Home of the " Sirdar " Tire 163 

[With I Illustration. ] 

The Slogan Of II. R. M. A. I54 

[With I Illustration.] 

Tires at the New York Aatomobile Show 155 

The New Continental Rubber Co 158 

Recent Rubber Patents I59 

[L'nited States. Great Britain. France.} 

American Consumption of India-Rubber in 1905 161 

A Rubber Rolling Machine 162 

[With I Illustration.] 

Obituary 163 

[Witli Portraits of John I,. Chapman, H. G. Tippet, and W. H. Acken.] 

The Congo Rubber Situation 164 

India- Rubber Goods in Commerce 165 

The Textile Goods Market 165 

New Goods and Specialtes in Rubber 167 

[Coldren s Lipped Jar Rings, The 'Clincher" Block Tire (Chary's 
Patenll Multicolor Rubber Tiling Blocks Goodrich Adhesive Dam. 
An Overshoe Protector. The New " Tauril " Steam Packing. Read's 
Horse Tail Tie.] 

[With 5 Illustrations.] 

New Trade Publioations 

Mis-^ellaneous : 

Ati.rirs of the llbero C^onipanies 

A French Doctor on Rubber Footwear \][ 

Guayulc Plants Warned in Germany 

The Badly Used Hot Water Bottle .'.'.'."'.'".'" IS 

What Dr. Kittler Knows (?) About Rubber '."!.!.!!..!! 160 

Rubber in South ln<lia .'."!"!,* 160 

For Eastern Rubber i^onipaiiies !"..'.".'."..'..'.'. 162 

News of thelAmerican Rubber Trade 169 

The Trade in Akron Our Correspondent 160 

Review of the Crude Rubber Market 175 



168 



142 

■51 
158 



TT.\RKING back to the aiicient history of the rubber 
-*--*- trade, in fact to the beginninjif of the reclaimed 
rubber business, does any one recall with what .scorn the 
first lots of "shoddy" were received? It took rubber 
manufacturers many years to even try the stuff. When 
after a time they experimented with it and discov- 
ered it useful, they did it in a shamefaced manner 
and, if they were not talented liars themselves, hired 
superintendents who were, who resolutely denied that 
they used a pound o' the despised product. Nor did any 
one believe that the business would ever be a large one. 
To-day it is accepted asoneof the necessities of the trade, 
and indeed, were it not for reclaimed rubber, the price 
of crude would be simply out of sight. 

A business that is very similar to the reclaimed rubber 
business and that offers a field fully as important, quite 
as large or larger, and undoubtedly more profitable, is 
the mechanical extraction of rubber from the lesser pro- 
ducers of the gum, that is, shrubs, vines, tubers, and 
latex bearers of that ilk. Thousands of tons of rubber 
of good quality, are to-day practically wasted becau.se 
these sources of supply are not exploited in a scientific 
manner. We all laugh at the " rabbit weed " proposi- 
tion in Colorado and justly ; many laugh at the Guayule 
proposition in Mexico and unjustly. This is because one 
shrub does not contain rubber that can be, by any me- 
chanical means, yet devised, taken out profitably, while 
the other, in a small way, to be sure, has been proved a 
success. 

In the writer's opinion, the great mass of rubber to 
come eventually from treatment of the minor rubber pro- 
ducers, will not come from the Mexican shrub. It is 
perfectly possible that the Ceani rubber tree, which pro- 
duces abundant milk and in which the quality of the milk 
is just as good in a )'ear old plant as it is in one a century 
old may be planted as an annual crop, and its lusty first 
year's growth of twelve feet harvested just as sugar cane 
is. 

There is more rubber iu one Ceara stalk than there 
is sugar in oue stalk of cane, and sugar sells for 5 
cents a pound and Ceara rubber for twelve times as much. 
Again it maybe that the //ivm or the Caslilloa may lend 
themselves to such annual harvesting and even if the 
rubber does contain more resin, it is worth fully 50 cents 
a pound, which ought to bring a good working profit, 
once a mechanical process is perfected that will enable 
work on a large .scale. Lest some of the rubber agnos- 
tics should claim that no great amount of rubber can 
come from such despised sources, we would ask them to 
ponder on the source of 3,000,000 pounds of Benguela 
rubber that have come into the market in a single year. 
If they are very agnostic they probably won't know and 
it is with much gratification that we enlighten them. 
Benguelas come from the roots of a small shrub dug up 
by lazy natives, scraped in water, half of the product be- 



V<M 



142 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[February i, 1906. 



iiig wasted, and even then the business is profitable. 
With a practical extraction plant and with natives bring- 
ing hundreds of tons of these roots to it. is it not reason- 
able to suppose that the product could be increased and 
its value much enhanced ? We might go further and 
cite a half score of other scources, but it is hardly worth 
while. 

We do pause to say, however, that ten years from now 
a vast amount of rubber will come regularly to the mar- 
ket from such sources as those mentioned. The agnos- 
tics will have forgotten their pessimistic prophecies then 
and will be looking ahead for something else in the line 
of progress to carp at. 



though small at first, be recorded and that all legitimate en- 
coiiragcnient be given to what should be a great American 
industry. 



IS THE TIDE TURNING? 



THE Editor of The India Rubber Would has been much 
besieged by questioners, promotors, investors, lawyers, 
and others, for information regarding rubber culture in Mex- 
ico. Tlie inquiries as a rule came down to one final query : 
"Will rubber trees grow in Mexico under cultivation and 
produce rubber ? " Really two questions in one. That the 
Castilloa species will flourish in Mexico under proper condi- 
tions no one can contradict. Whether it will produce rubber 
in paying quantities, some might be able to say, " Yes, " but 
the proof was not forthcoming. In other words, of all the 
plantations that have been installed in the last seven or eight 
years throughout the tierra caliente, none as far as the knowl- 
edge of the writer went were actually producing rubber regu- 
larly or in any shape except sample lots — really not much 
more than laboratory experiments. 

There are no doubt numbers of plantations owned by Mex- 
icans that produce a certain amount of rubber annually from 
cultivated trees. No records, however, have been kept of 
amounts gathered or prices received, and it is probable that 
such rubber, carelessly collected, has passed as the product 
of wild trees. All that the writer could do therefore, was to 
say that cultivated trees certainly did grow and grow vigor- 
ously-, that it was his belief that they would produce rubber 
abundantly but that he did not know of actual shipments of 
such rubber. In a recent letter, however, from i\Ir. James 
C. Harvey, part owner of " La Buena Ventura " plantation, 
a man who not only has a broader knowledge of rubber 
planting in Me.xico than almost any other, but one whose 
carefulness and sincerity are above question, the following 
statement is made : 

1 took out 350 pounds of fine, clean scrap this year from some of 
my seven year oUl trees, and on the whole the results were quite 
gratifying. The rubber was divided between the Boston BelUng 
Co. and the Hood Rubber Co., and it netted uie 92^^ cents a pound. 
The writer has been over every foot of Mr. Harvy's plan- 
tation, saw the trees of which he speaks when they were 
thrifty four year olds, and while he has no information as to 
how many trees were tapped or what the cost of the rubber 
to Mr. Harvey might be, he hails this report as the first 
tangible evidence that properly conducted plantations in 
Mexico will be rubber producers. Investors in rubber 
plantations in that country have certainlj' learned a severe 
lesson, for all the mistakes that could possibly be made 
have been made, audit is onlj- fair to those who have played 
the game fairly and intelligently that the successes, even 



Canadian imports of rubber goods have declined 20 
per cent, during the last two years, and as there is reason 
for believing that the total Canadian consumption has in- 
creased during that period, the enterprising manufacturers 
of the Dominion are to be congratulated upon the fact. W. 
the same time, the rubber men of the United States will find 
consolation in knowing that imports from this side the 
border have not shared in the decline. 



The rubber tire makers are to be congratulated upon 
the steady improvement in their products, as evidenced at 
each succeeding yearly automobile show. Without doubt 
each of the leading factories is now turning out the best tires 
it is capable of making. But in view of the superiority of 
the tires of to-day over those of five years ago, it is probable 
that the limit of development is far from being reached. 



The open winter, however it may be regarded by the 
rubber footwear makers, ought to prove a good thing for the 
tire trade, on account of the greater opportunity it affords for 
the use of automobiles. 



AFFAIRS OF THE UBERO COMPANIES. 



THK Tolosa Rubber Co. has been formed with headquar- 
ters at No. 176 Federal street, Boston, to succeed the 
Ubero Plantation Co. of Boston, the troubles of which were 
reported at length in these pages some months ago. Claud- 
ius W. Rider is president, William I,. Wadleigh, treasurer, 
and the other directors, Charles T. Crocker, Sr., Frank Bry- 
den, George H. Terpany, Levi R. Greene, William F. Sin- 
clair, and Edwin O. Childs ==The reorganization commit- 
tee of the Consolidated Ubero Plantations Co. also issues a 
circular to investors, stating that sufficient funds have been 
subscribed to the new company, the United States Plantation 
Co., to warrant putting the reorganization into effect and 
calling upon the subscribers to pay up. 



At the annual meeting of the Marion Insulated Wire and 
Rubber Co. (Marion, Indiana) a new board was elected, con- 
sisting of J. L. Barley, Robert J. Spencer, L. C. Lillard, 
John Prior, M. L. Lewis, and R. E. Lucas. Mr. Barley was 
elected president, Mr. Spencer vice-president, Hiram Be- 
shore treasurer, and Mr. Lucas secretary and general mana- 
ger. The capital has been increased 30 per cent, recently, 
and the board ordered the purchase of additional machinery. 



A suit was reported in our last issue as having been filed 
by the Philadelphia Rubber Works and the U. S. Rubber 
Reclaiming Works against the S. & L. Rubber Co (Chester, 
Pennsylvania) for alleged infringement of patent No. 454,442,. 
which covers a rubber reclaiming process. The suit, it 
seems, was not filed by these companies, but by individuals 
connected with them. The S. & L. Rubber Co., in their 
answer filed to the suit, deny employing the process de- 
scribed in the patent, and also the validity of the patent, on 
the ground that tlie process was used by the president of the 
present S. & L. Rubber Co. before the date of the patent. 



February i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



143 



PI,ANS FOR RUBBER EXI^LOITATION IN PERU. 



TlUv iiiMicr resources of southeastern I'eru. lony: known 
to tlie outside world only in an indefinite way, now 
appear likely to be developed on an important scale in 
the near future. Readers of The India Rthbkr 
WoHi.n from its earliest issues may recall a number of articles, 
at one time or another, pointing to the existence of rubber of 
good qualitj' over practically the whole of Peru east of the 
^ndes, but for the most part its e.xploitation was long con- 
fined to that portion of the country accessible by means of 
the Amazon. Now considerable quantities are shipped 
from the port of Iquitos, direct bj' ocean steamers to ICurope, 
although Iquitos is about 2000 miles from the seaboard. . 

But the region thus provided with means of transportation 
is exceeded in scope bj' the region Uing westward of Bolivia 
— a region singularly landlocked — and 
cut off from the Pacific coast by the 
miumtain range. Communication with 
the outside world, so far as the native 
Indians are concerned, does not exist ; 
there is even scarcely communication 
with the national capital, Lima. Under 
these disadvantages, exploration of the 
country by outsiders has been \eT\ lim- 
ited, and that only in search of particu- 
larly rich resources. It was natural 
that the hope of finding important min 
eral resduices should be the first incent- 
ive to foreigners to visit these remote 
districts, and the first definite knowl- 
edge of the extent of the rubber forests 
of southeastern Peru ma\- be said to 
have been gained by mining engineers. 
Likewise it was mining companies, with 
large capital, which first established 
relations with the Peruvian government 
for the development of the region re- 
ferred to. 

The government, it may be said, has been liberal and 
farsighted, as a rule, recognizing that as neither the people 
nor the national treasury had the means for developing the 
rich nitive resources, it must be made to the interest of 
foreign cai)italists to devote their energies to the opening of 
this rj.u )le virgin field. In consequence the resources of 
the country have 
been .studied, enter- 
prises have been es- 
tablished, and the 
oldtime difficulties 
of transportation and 
communication are 
being overcome. 
What risks man will 
take in the hope of 
discovering gold, all 
know. But in these 
days of high priced 
rubber, the search one of the inca rubber camps. 




RUBBER TREE (HEVEA). 
[Two or three tin < u[.s for citching the latex 
may be seen on the ti link.] 



for tliis very necessary commodity is scarcely less enthusi- 
astic, and hence, after mining the precious metals of Peru, 
rubber gathering is likely to prove the most important in- 
terest. 

.\lready no little pioneer work has been done in connection 
with rubber in southeastern Peru, by a number of people, 
for the most part working on a small scale and without 
cooperation. This era, however, is passing; indeed, some 
considerable rubber enterprises are under way, the consoli- 
dation of three of which can now be announced. 

The new company, to be known as The Inca Rubber Tra- 
ding Co., proposes to take over the assets of the Inca Rubber 
Co., The Carabaya Rubber and Navigation Co., and the Inca 
Mining Co., except the mines of the last named company. 
The Inca Rubber Co. and the Inca Min- 
ing Co. hold from the Peruvian govern- 
ment large concessions of lands, in con- 
sideration of which thej' have built 
roads extensively in a region which be- 
fore had scarcely forest trails. They 
have built a fine road some 270 miles in 
length, from Tirapata. Peru, over the 
.■\ndes mountains and down to the navi- 
gable waters of the great rubber produc- 
ing territory. This road, which has 
been under construction for nine years, 
is a magnificent piece of work, and 
opens up a country said already to pro- 
duce an important amount of rubber, 
most of which now goes over the falls of 
the Madeira to San .-^ulonio, and then 
by river steamers to Manaos and Para — 
a costly, dangerous, and tedious journej-. 
It should be noted here that the navi- 
gable rivers above referred to are not 
navigable to seaboard, but only converge 
into the badly obstructed Madeira. The 
purpose of the new Inca company will be to deflect this rub- 
ber — and such other rubber as ma}' be gathered within their 
sphere of infiuence — to their own route and lay it down in 




bMOKlNQ RUBBER IN THE SAME CAMP. 



144 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[February i, 1906. 




THE EDITOR'S BOOK TABLE. 



THE OROYA," INAMB4R1 RIVER. 
[A station of the Inca Mining Co ] 

New York in six weeks' time as against six months' by the 
other route, and at very much less cost. 

The Carabaya company, already named, and which is em- 
braced in the new enterprise, is now considering a road from 
Ollachea, about 118 miles in length, opening up a similar 
territory the completion of which would entitle it to receive 
from the government a grant of rubber lands estimated to be 
about 900,000 acres. The concession of the old Inca compa- 
nies covers about 1,000,000 acres. By means of these roads 
the company plans to control 
some 2000 miles of navigable 
streams, in a territory in 
which are upwards of Sooo 
natives, who are India-rub- 
ber gatherers, or can be made 
so, residing with their fami 
lies. The concessions lie in 
the uplands, where the cli 
mate is said to be healthy, 
one where proper oversight 
to laborers can be given b}- 
white men. 

The new company plans to 
handle, as a minimum, 2,- 
000,000 pounds of rubber a 




[Fifleeii mi!es from Tirapata. across 
length 200 feet ] 



year, coming partly from their own gatherers and partly 
from the districts mentioned. 

The flotation of the company is in the hands of H. W. 
Bennett & Co., of New York. The authorized capitalization 
is $5,000,000 in twenty jear 6 per cent, sinking fund gold 
bonds and $5,000,000 capital stock. The first issue will be 
$1,000,000 in gold bonds to be sold at par, with $4,000,000 gold 
bonds in the treasury. The organization of the company so 
far as officers go is not quite complete. At present the list 
is : H. W. Bennett, first vice president ; A. B. Luther, sec- 
ond vice president and general manager ; H. D. Selleck, sec- 
retary. The directors are II. W. Bennett, E. B. Luther, 
H. M. Sadler, E. H. Gary, C. P. Collins, W. W. Bell. Juan 
I'ardo, H. D. Selleck, and Chester \V. Brown. Juan Pardo, 
by the way, is a brother of the president of Peru, and a mem- 
ber of the Peruvian house of representatives. INIr. 11. \V. 
Bennett has successfully engineered some large deals, the 
onlj' one touching the rubber business, however, be ng the 
Tehuantepec Rubber Culture Co. Mr. A. B. Luther is an 
expert on tropical agriculture and has just returned from 
Peru, where he carefully inspected the country in which the 
concessions lie. Mr. H. M. Sadler was at one time prominent 
in the United States Rubber Co. as assistant general manager. 



M.ANUELS-RORET.— NOl'VEAU. MANUEL COMPLET DV FABRICANT 
(I'Objcts in Caontchouc. Gutia-R,ercha, Faclice, Toilc el Taffetas Cir^s; 
suivi derinperni^-abilisation des KtofTes. Papjers, Ciiirs. etc. Par M.AKiNE, 
Nonveli Edition par GeorKes Petit. Paris; Enc>clopOdie— Roret. L. .Mulo. 

igo6. li'apcr. 2 vols.. 32mo. Pp. vili -r 454 ; 11 — 374. Price, 12 francs 1 

'T" IICSIC who are familiar with Maigne's two volumes on 
* Caoutcliouc, in the Encyclop^dieRoret, will be pleased 
l)y the appearance of this revised edition up to date, and en- 
larged nearly a third by Georges Petit, a civil engineer. 

Maigne's work came out in 1880, and was vi-elcomed bj' the 
trade, for the sake of the usual Prankish clearness which 
marked its style. But in the rapid development of the trade 
the book became, in manj- respects, obsolete or inadequate. 
The most notable development, of course, has been the 
pneumatic tire, now become the most sensational feature, 
perhaps, of the whole rubber industry. M. Petit devotes a 
whole chapter to " pneus, " and otherwise attempts to repair 
the ravages made by time in the original book. He claims 
with faint praise the whole category of synthetic or substi- 
tute rubbers. despite the many possible uses for these, and as 
if rubber manufacturers did not know what thej- wanted. 

.\nother development since Maigne's 1S80 edition has been 
the forging ahead of Africa as a great producer of rubber. 

Madagascar and most of the 
coast regions at that time 
sent rubber to market, but 
the Congo Free State and the 
great .African inlands were 
only mentioned as possible 
producers in 1S80. African 
rubbers, moreover, have been 
so e.xtremely variable in 
quality and general proper- 
ties, as against the relative 
homogeneity and constant 
excellence of South Amer- 
ican rubber, that men have 
been led more and more to 
study the nature and origin 
of the raw material, in order that all the various sorts may 
be utilized to the utmost extent. Accordingly, whereas 
Maigne gave 155 pages to the geographical and vegetable 
sources of rubber, its gathering and coagulation, and the 
first stages of factory practice : M. Petit devotes 269 pages 
to these matters, and to much better effect. 



BRIDGE BUII^T WITH RAILROAD RAILS. 

the Asillo river: tested to 25 tons; 




WEIGHING CAUCHO AT LA UNION. 



February i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



145 



THE INDIA-RUBBER TRADE IN GREAT BRITAIN. 

By Our Regular Correspondent. 



^ 1 ■^IINIR was w 
I land, notal 



when the cnt sheet niannfacturers of Eng- 
, notably the Manchester firms of Macintosh and 
Moseley, supplied the requirements not only of 
England but of the continent. Of late years, however, .sev- 
eral continental firms have taken up this 
CUT SHEET ))i-anch, more particularlv, however, in the 

FPOM ABROAD , „ ' , r , 

thicker counts. 1 he number of sheets that 
go to make up an inch depends upon the perfection of the 
machinery and it is understood that the engineers' drawings 
relative to the machinerj- made for the Manchester firms 
mentioned were not to be used for the supplj- of machinery 
to possible competitors. Some ten years ago Macintosh & 
Co. had the reputation of cutting the thinnest sheets, 125 
of which went to an inch, but I cannot say now which firm 
is cutting the finest or whether any greater degree of tenuity 
has been attained. What I wanted chiefly, however, to draw 
attention to is the fact that a prominent Brussels rubber 
manufacturing firm who wished to bu}' cut sheet from Eng- 
land thought themselves somewhat badlj' treated in the pre- 
liminary negotiations for business and decided to make for 
themselves a year or two ago. This they are now doing on 
a large scale, and what is more the}' are selling their pro- 
duct in England in competition with the home firms. Prob- 
ably the case is not important enough to excite the fiscal 
reformer, else at a moment like this with election literature 
on a 1 sides the would-be reformers might point to another 
e.xample indicating the ultimate extinction of our industries. 

This new concern has already been referred to as having 

its location in the factory of the defunct H}de Rubber Works 

Co., Limited. 7 he promoters of the new com- 

RuBBER CO. pany are Messrs. Mandleberg, the well known 
LIMITED. waterprooting firm of Pendleton, Manchester. 
The capital is ^53,000, and although no public issue is being 
made, the scheme for the private issue of the capital is as 
follows : Messrs. Mandleberg take 3000 deferred shares, 
which rank equally for dividend with the 30,000 other ordi- 
nary shares, when the latter have received 6 per cent. I 
don't know how far the 30,000 shares have been taken up by 
the public, but to some intending subscribers the scheme 
appears too much in favor of the promoters to suggest it as 
a very profitable investment, which opinion as given to me I 
pass in for what it is worth. 

Tins firm have now removed from London to more com- 
modious and convenient premises at River Bank wharf, 
Charlton, London, S. E., adjoining 

MESSRS. H^S^C^HUMACHER ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^,„,.^^ ^f jj^^^^^ JohuSOn & 

Philliixs. The buildings are of the 
wood lined corrugated iron order and are extensive enough 
to allow of the treatment and sorting of various kinds of 
waste rubber to be carried out with due regard to order and 
cleanliness. I mention this point because the works form a 
good contrast to others I have visited where dirt and chaos 
were more conspicuous than cleanline.ss and order. Activity 
in this branch of the rubber trade is very apparent at the 
present time and the number of those engaged both as dealers 
in and collectors of scrap rubber has largely increased of 



late, to such an extent indeed that complaints are made that 
the profits to be made are on a sadly lower scale than ruled a 
year or two ago. At the same time the business done is 
much greater so that those with sufficient capital can face the 
future with equanimity. In Dr. Schumacher the conipanj- 
under notice have a manager with expert knowledge of the 
rubber trade and doubtless we shall soon see that many 
fi)rins of waste rubber hitherto found unsalable will take 
their place among those which can be profitably treated for 
re-sale. 

TiiK paper read by Dr. Caspari in December before the 
London section of the Society of Chemical Industry and en- 
titled " Notes on Gutta-percha and Balata " cov- 
THE gred ground which has no great interest for the 

SCIENTIFIC .. , , r J r r 

gipg practical man, and a few words of reference here 
will suffice. It dealt largely with the nitro and 
halogen compounds which readers of Weber's and Harries's 
papers are familiar with in the case of rubber. In some ways 
the ensuing discussion was more interesting than the ])aper. 
The usual stress was laid bj' one speaker on the great bene- 
fits to be derived from synthetic rubber when it is made on 
a commercial scale, but surelj' the plantations in progress 
for the supply of the genuine article will do all that is re- 
quired without our having recourse to some chemical mon- 
strosity. The presence and remarks of D. J. Spiller were 
interesting, his contributions to our knowledge of the oxida- 
tion of India-rubber and Gutta-percha dating from 50 j^ears 
ago. Dr. Lewkowitsch, the eminent authority on oils and 
fats, has evidently been studying the recent scientific con- 
tributions to the chemistry of rubber. He remarked that 
those who had gone over the same ground as Weber had 
failed to corroborate this author's figures and that before 
these various chemical compounds of rubber and gutta-percha 
could be considered as established the various laborers in 
the field ought to get concordant results. Certainly if the 
existing apathy of the practical man towards these chemical 
researches requires any further justification it is to be found 
in the substance of Dr. Lewkowitsch 's remarks. 

After a brief interval Mr. C. J. Beaver, of Messrs. W. 

T. Glover & Co., has again contributed an interesting paper 

on the subject of insulated cables. His audi- 

^'"notes^*'" '^"'^^ '•'"'•'^ '•""^ was the Electrical Contractors' 
Association. The main theme of the paper 
was the causes of breakdowns and the underlj'ing moral was 
the necessity of buj-ing from a reliable manufacturer who, 
it would appear, is not to be found outside the ranks of the 
Cable Makers' Association. Only a few crumbs of comfort 
were thrown to those practical men who want ready tests to 
enable them to judge of the value of samples of cable and 
emphasis was laid on the importance of chemical anah-sisas 
the final tribunal. With this I quite agree if it is carried 
out by those who are familiar with their subject and not by 
the head of the local technical school or the borough an- 
alj'St. Rightly enough in my opinion the heat tests for 
rubber came in for some criticism, and the reference to 
the importance of good tinning of the copper wire was not 



146 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[February i, 1906. 



at all superfluous. Though apparently a simple operation 
and regular in its results, this tinning needs careful atten- 
tion if the coating is to be of sufhcient thickness to really 
prevent reaction between the copper and the sulphur. It 
seems probable that it is not a simple case of coating one 
metal with another but that definite alloys are formed. 
=^The partial electrification of the London and Brighton 
railway has led to some discussion in the press in the mat- 
ter of the contracts for the equipment being given to the 
General Electrical Co. (Allgemeine lilektricitiits Gcscllschafl) 
of Berlin. It has been e.xplained, however, that a good deal 
of the work will be carried out at the Rugby works of the 
British Thomson-Houston Co. The facts briefiy stated are 
that the system of electrification to be followed is the single 
phase high pressure, and that this particular class of car 
equipment has not yet received the attention of British manu- 
facturers. In contradistinction to the existing electrified lines 
on the Lancashire and Yorkshire and North Eastern railwajs 
the Brighton line is to have an overhead current probably at 
from 2000 to 5000 volts with transformers on the cars. The 
lines mentioned above do not exceed 600 volts, but higher 
pressures find favor in German practice. 

With regard to the issue of the prospectus of this concern 

on December i r, perhaps the most noteworthy fact is that it 

had a half page advertisement in a 

THE UBERiAN prominent financial daily (Financial 

RUBBER CORPORATION. ' ■' ^ 

Times), no comment being made in the 
editorial columns. The following day the paper contained 
a long leading article criticizing the company and the man- 
ner of its promotion in rather a strong tone. A day or two 
later the same paper published a skit prospectus from an 
anonymous correspondent entitled "The Siberian Lubber 
Co. Unlimited," which was really amusing. But the point 
for the ordinary reader to decide is whether the prospectus 
or the criticism is most entitled to favorable consideration ; 
probably the statements in both maj' be considered as 
biased. Of course Liberian rubber is not by any means a 
new tool for the company' promoter to handle ; my memories 
of it go back to 1885, vi-hen Mr. C. W. Meiter and others of 
London got a monopoly of rubber gathering in the country. 
ProbabU' the best thing that can be emphasized about the 
new company is the strength of the directorate, including as 
it does such men as Sir West Ridgway, Sir Harry John- 
ston, Sir Gilbert Parker, m. p., and Sir Raymond West. 
The fact that the Dunlop Rubber Co. have contracted 
to buy all the output maj' cause a little nervous tension 
among purchasers of their fine Para motor tires, but it must 
be remembered that the Dunlop company have now a large 
business in general rubber manufacturing and that Africans 
must form a large part of their raw product. The contem- 
porary referred to above comments especially on the pro- 
motion profits, which leave only ^50,000 working capital 
out of the /;220,ooo being paid for the p operty. It is note- 
worthy' that the Consolidated Rubber vSyndicate which acts 
as the selling agent between the Monrovian Rubber Co. and 
the new company was only registered on December 5, 1905, 
the directorates of all three companies being largely identical. 
Apart, however, from the promoting side of the business, 
the main point for the investor is whether the rubber is there 
and whether it can be gathered regularly at a low cost. The 
directors seem to be confident on these points. 

I .MAY mention that in addition to the general mechanical 



rubber goods which this Manchester firm has been manu- 
facturing in the past, a specialtj' is now 

eaTt ERrRl's'-BE^R CO. '^^'"i?. '"^^^^ "^ ^^^'^^a belting which, it 
is claimed, is quite equal to anything of 
the soit made elsewhere. It is supplied in two qualities — 
the lanco and No. i. The firm will probably find plenty of 
competition in their market as, besides other British makers, 
there are several on the continent. These may rest assured, 
however, that the language used by the Irwell company in 
describing their goods will be warranted by the results ob- 
tained in practice, if one may judge from what has occurred 
in other cases. 

The recently issued report of the large concern generally 

known under this abbreviated title is much more satisfactory 

than was the case a year ago, and the com- 

siLVEHTowN pany's shares have now risen again to the 
REPORT. figure at which they have been quoted for so 
man}' years. In the comments which I have seen on the re- 
port the only discordant note struck is with reference to the 
silence observed by the directors as to the " new business" 
which has absorbed ^100,000 capital. Speculation is rife 
as to what this new business is, but the directorate seem to 
think that publicity would do them harm, as their attitude 
has been to treat it as a trade secret. There certainly is a 
good deal to be said in not letting 3'our competitors know 
exactly vi'hat you are doing, especially if the particular 
business would suffer b}- competition. I'urther, if the thing 
'proves to be non-successful those responsible for the project 
cannot well be called over the coals, as the loss can be put 
down in the general profit and loss account without being 
particularized. 

The remarks in the quality of plantation rubber in the 

December i.ssue of this Journal are of great interest. 

Their trend is to show that it has not yet 

plantation jjggn shown that the new rubber is equal to 

RUBS R 

that from primeval forests, much less superior 
to it. It is important that the actual facts should be empha- 
sized because now that the company promoter has so largelj' 
identified him.self with rubber, loose statements are bound 
to parade themselves as indisputable facts. It is said that 
the new rubber is not quite suitable for elastic thread, and 
it is quite easy to imagine that this is so. In this connec- 
tion there seems no inducement for the manufacturer to test 
its actual value for the purpose. Elastic thread making is 
in the hands of but a few firms and the risks attaching to 
any bad work are so great that it is quite natural that any 
change of material should onlj- be adopted after careful 
consideration and must be attended with monetary advant- 
ages. It is suggested that an alteration in the vulcanization 
might prove the new rubber to be quite equal to Brazilian 
Para. So it might, but as the prices of the two correspond 
how is the manufacturer to gain for the trouble and attend- 
ant risk in altering his customary and satisfactory proced- 
ure ? The future of plantation Para rubber does not depend 
on its being proved the best in the market for everj- possible 
purpose. The prospects are quite bright enough without 
going so far as that. It is reported that a large London 
produce firm has offered to buy the total output of Para 
rubber from more than one plantation for 10 years at a fixed 
price of 5 shillings per pound. But planters should not 
overlook the fact that in South America there are still vast 
virgin regions to be tapped. 



February i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^VORLD 



147 



RUBBER PROSPECTS IN LIBERIA. 



' T^HIv flotation in London of a large company for ex- 
I ploiting rubber in Liberia, reported in these pages 

last month [page 124], has served to attract re- 
newed attention to a region long known to contain rubber, 
though to what extent was never suspected until of late. 
The fact is that Liberia, tliough for manj' years recognized 
nominally as having a civilized government, in reality is 
to-day one of the least known regions of Africa. Thesettlt- 
ment at Monrovia, in 1S21, under the auspices of the Unittd 
States, of a number of (reed slaves, and their subsequent 
founding of a republic was suggested by and modelled after 
the creation of the colon}- of Sierra Leone, inimediateley to 
the north, under British philanthropic influences, for the in- 
tended benefit of former black slaves in British dominions. 

Liberia is really administered by the English speaking 
blacks of .'Vmerican origin — who do not exceed 15,000 in 
number — onlj- along the coast line of 350 miles, and over a 
belt 35 to 40 miles wide, extending inland. The remainder 
of its area of 45,000 square miles is covered for the most part 
by forests of such density as are scarcely to be found else- 
where. Herein dwell, it is estimated, more than 2,000,000 
natives— more or less savage, almost nude, and in places ad- 
dicted to cannibalism — with whom the ruling caste onh' of 
late have begun to cultivate friendly relations. 

Sir Harrj- Johnston, k. c. m. g., k. c. b., mentioned in 
the last IxDi.\ RruHiiR World as having made a favorable 
report on the rubber resources of Liberia, has long been a rec- 
ognized authoritj- on Central Africa. Within the past two 
years he has spent some time in Liberia, where his researches 
were supplemented by those of Mr. Alexander Whyte, a stu- 
dent of African botany for a half century. As a result of 
their combined observations. Sir Harry recently read a pa- 
per on "Liberia" before the Royal Geographical Society 
(London), * from which are extracted the following details 
bearing upon India-rubber: 

The wealth of this forest in India-rubber producing trees, vines, 
and bushes is without parallel in any other part of Africa, unless it 
be in one or two small areas of the Congo basin Counting the 
four rubber producing figs, there appear to be at least twentj^-two 
trees, plants, or vines which produce salable rubber. These species 
include the well known and widespread Laiidolphia Ou'aricnsis 
and the magnificent Funltnnia elasiica, the rubber tree once so 
abundant in Lagos colony. The FutUumia elasiica is slated to 
grow over 200 feet in height. It closely resembles in appearance 
the allied species Funlitniia Africana, but there is a very consider- 
able difference in the price of the rubber yielded by the one and 
the other — the rubber derived from Ftintuviia Africana may, per- 
haps, be sold for 18 pence [ =36>2 cents] a pound, but the elasiica 
ranges in value from 3 to 4 shillings (=73 to 97^2 cents]. The 
distinctive features of the leaves, flowers, and fruit, which enable 
the observer to decide whether he is tapping the valuable or the 
valueless Fiintumia, will shortly be illustrated in my book on Li- 
beria. The range of the Fitnlumia elasiica appears to extend 
from the middle of Liberia eastwards as far as western Uganda. 
It is found in a portion of the Bahr-al-Ghazal region and in the 
northern part of the Congo Free Slate. The Fuiiluinia Africana 
is more strictly west .\frican in its range, from Portuguese Guinea 
to the Congo basin. In the western regions of the Congo Free 

* Reported in the Ceogt aphical Journal. Vol. XXVI (1905). Pp. 131-153. 



Slate and in Angola a third />/«/«>«7a is found which, like />/«- 
linnia A/ricaiia, is not of much value to the rubber trade. 

The new company referred to, and in which Sir Harry 
Johnston has become a director, has obtained a monopolistic 
concession from the Liberian government, and the hope ex- 
ists that, for a number of years at least, the hitherto unsus- 
pected wealth of nibber will afford a yield comparable with 
that of Lagos at one time. An interesting fact noted in Sir 
Harry's paper is that Liberia appears less unhealthy for 
Europeans than Sierra Leoi.e, the Ivory Coast, the Gold 
Coast, or Lagos. The remarkable absence of mosquitoes is 
noted, and the less marked prevalence of malarial fevers 
Mr. Whyte, by the way, has seriously suggested the spread- 
ing of Liberian 'anti-mosquito soil" over certain other 
parts of the earth as a beneficial measure. 

A BIT OF BRITISH SARCASM. 

A SKIT advertisement which appears in the Financial 

Times (Loudon), and which is commented on elsewhere in 

these pages, ran as follows : 

This Prospectus has not been filed with the 
Registrar of Joint Stock Companies, because he 
ciidii'l seem to like it. 

THE 

SIBERIAN LUBBFR COMPANY, 

UNLIMITED. 

Uncnrporated under Seal of Secrecy.) 

C.APIT.AL - - .^00.000,000. 

Divided into a few Shares of the Largest Possible 

Amount. 

DIRECTORS. 
'Sir M T. GASBAGS (Director of The Tyre 

and Sidf-n Company). 

*Sir BOMI'AS BOUNDER A.O B. 

*THE BLAtK MACINTOSH OF THAT ILK. 

*Sir SIDESLIP FLATCATCHER. L.S D. 

*\ViIl leave the Board as soon as j-ossible after 

allotmtnl. 

BANKERS. 

The Coinpaty will do its own. 

SOLICITORS. 

RUBIN BOSHWELL & HARD. 

BROKERS. 

These will be kept out as long as possible. 

AGENTS. 

MAKEABIT QUICKLY & QUIT. 

SECRETARY (very much pro tern.), 

VON DOVA JOKO. 

OFFICES. 

SQF.EDGEE COURT. 

N B.— Please wipe your feet on the Rubber Mat; 

it's all the Rubber we have. 

PROSPECTUS. 

This Company has been formed to exploit the rubber industries 
of Siberia. Siberia contains over four million square miles, thous- 
ands of which are covered with dense forests, so it is obvious that 
large quantities of rtibber will be found there if it is ouly looked 
for long enough. 

The Company will take over and keep as long as it can all the 
cash it can possibly collect. 

The first payments which will be made are the Directors' fees. 
These are very large, and are a first charge on the Company's as- 
sets, and are guaranteed b)- the Articles of Association. 

The Company is actjuiring and has entered into contracts to pur- 
chase all the interests, rights and titles of the Maldivian Golosh 
Company, the Brandypavvnee Hot-water Bottle Company, the 
Baby's Comforter and Windsucker Company, all of which, being 
most flourishing concerns, are naturally anxious to dispo.se of 
their bu.sinesses: 

The Company will acquire from these concerns all their stocks 



148 



THE INDIA RUBliER WORLD 



[February i, 1906. 



of raw, boiled, chewed and stamped rubber, ami will ^et rid of 
them without delay to the highest bidder. 

The Tyre and Sidon Company, of which Sir M. T. Gasbags is a 
director, has agreed to buy all the rubber the Company produces, 
and as much more as it may require, from other people at market 
rates, with 5 per cent, discount ofT for cash, and other de<luctions, 
commissions, brokerages, according to the customs of the trade. 
This is a most important asset and should be carefully noted. 

Mr. Blakanwite, the eminent Dipsophilist, reports as follows : — 
" I have walked round the forests of Siberia for years, and have 
never been able to get into them owing to the toughness of the 
rubber bands. The waterways are, however, clear, and, if pro]>- 
erly diluted, are very palatable. There are many varieties of rub- 
ber to be found in these forests if you look long enough. The fol- 
lowing list gives the names of a few which occur to me on the spur 
of the moment: Heelia Bootia, Inkerasa, Ooloshia Kemina, Pen- 
silmarkia Rubouta, Chewinguma, Jawbraka. There are also forty 
varieties which can be distinctly seen through the bottom of an or- 
dinary tumbler, and if more tumblers are taken the number is 
often doubled. — A. Bi,.\k.\nwiTE." 

Sir M. T. Gasbags writes :— "The population of Siberia is very 
large. ■ If the Company will immediately plant 3,000 acres of land 
with a thousand trees to the acre, it would have, five minutes after 
the last tree was planted, 3,000,000 rubber trees." 

All the Directors are shareholders in the Companies that are be- 
ing ac()uired, and will exchange their shares for cash as soon as it 
comes in. 

Applications for shares should be made as soon as possible, to 
enable the Directors to proceed to the allotment of their interests. 

Do not write legibly. We want your cash, not your name. 

No money will be returned, and all are invited to come in. 

No reasonable offer refused. 



THE MEXICAN "YELLOW TREE.' 



FOR the past j-ear or two reports have come from Mexico 
of a tree lately discovered to be a rubber producer, and 
said to occur through a considerable upland region. Some 
small samples of gum said to have been obtained from this 
tree were sent from time to time to The India Rubber 
World office, but with little definite information regarding 
its source. Recently, however, there have been received a 
large sealed can of the latex and about 20 pounds of the co- 
agulated gum. The latter in its physical appearance was 
much like ordinary resin that had been treated with resin 
oil. These samples were put into the hands of various ex- 
perts for tests, the results of which appear below. 

The first, from a rubber manufacturer and chemist is as 
follows : 

This rubber can be used on the same lines as Ponlianak gum. 
There is absolutely no comparison in regard to the higher grades 
of rubber such as Africans or even Accra flake. We have been 
ible to obtain a very soft and elastic substance after coagulating 
and we have found that the rubber would remain in this state 
about 24 hours, and then become very hard and of no practical use 
as a rubber. We have found that it will not vulcanize by itself, 
but have found that it will vulcanize, that is to say, it will give us 
a product mixed with other rubbers and compounds which is 
marketable ; the same of course being true with Pontianak gum. 
We have not been able as yet to use the product in the manufacture 
of rubber goods as the cost of producing is so nuich more than 
Pontianak and the results obtained but very little better. 

Another report, from one who at first believed that the 
gum might have commercial value, is more comprehensive, 
and the investigator tried very hard to produce something of 
value out of the resin-like mass. This report runs : 




" PALO AMARILLO" (YElLOW TREE). 

\A Mexican tree designated as Euphovbia elastica. Now being studied as 
a possible producer of rubber.] 

About otie year ago we received a letter from a promoter of the 
sale of Euphorbia elastica trees in Mexico in which he stated that 
his chemist could produce from this gum, commonly known as 
" Potato gum,'' a rubber worth $1 per pound and promising 
samples. The samples never materialized. 

On February 20, 1 905, I received from another source a 5 gallon 
can of the latex Euphorbia elastica and some 20 pounds of the gum 
with the request that I would see what could be done with it in 
the way of making it commercially valuable. I accordingly con- 
ducted a series of experiments covering all the ground that I could 
regard as in the slightest degree as promising any good result from 
a chemical point of view and having the assistance in this work of 
a master in chemistry and an expert rubber manufacturer. 

You will appreciate the rather unusual advantage we had in 
having the latex itself to work on. You will also appreciate the 
persistency with which I clung to the hope of finding something 
really good and specially useful in this gum when I state that I 
devoted a month to the investigation and carried it through a 
carefully considered series of submission to chemical reagents ex- 
tending through 40 distinct experiments. 

I take pleasure in reporting, at your request, the essential re- 
sults of the investigation, briefly as follows : 

1. Latex coagulates readily and completely by exposure to air, 
forming a gum fairly solid but very sticky. 

2. No evidence of any tcndencv to fermentation of the latex, no 
matter how lotig the exposure to air. I call your special attention 
to this point of no fermentation for the reason that the latex of any 
true rubber is so far as I am aware particularly liable to fermenta- 
tion proceeding rapidly to putrescence. In this freedom from fer- 
ments I find the first evidence that this gum is not a true rubber. 

3. Latex contains about 60 per cent, water ; that is, it dries down 
in open air to 40 per cent, solid gum. 

4. The latex subjected to the solvent action of Carbon tetra 
chloride gives a remarkable reaction by separating in a test tube 
by gravity into five distinct strata, showing a remarkably complex 
composition. 



February i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



149 



5. I have preserved some of the latex exposed to tlu- air in an 
open vessel for a year with no sign of putrescence or clKinical 
change further than that produced by evaporation of some 60 per 
cent, of water and residue of gum. 

(i. I have on hand 40 samples representing the results of that 
number of experiments preserved for one year. Wherever the air 
has penetrated into these samples they have turned to a hard and 
brittle resin. 

7. In all my experiments I have never found any decisive evi- 
dence that this latex is a rubber bearing substance. 

Without in the least presuming to be able to render a conclusive 
verdict on this product I am still free to say that I now regard it as 
properly not a rubber but a resin. 

Perhaps the best characterization of the value ot the gum, 
or be it rather severe, and partly in fun, came from the head 
of a large rubber manufacturing concern, who is very alert 
in taking hold of new products. His report was: "As far 
as I can see, this gum is worth about 4 cents less than Ponti- 
anak." As Pontianak is to-day selling for about 3'< cents 
per pound, the guui would seem to be valued at minus one- 
half cent. 



RUBBER PLANTING IN THE CONGO. 



Die r.\ILS of tlie planting of India-rubber in the Congo 
Free State with a view to offsetting the decline of the 
production from natural sources have appeared inTnic Indi.\ 
RrniiER \V()Ki<D from time to time, with the expression of 
opinion that the results were less promising than in the case 
of rubber planting in some other countries, for the reason 
that (i) the suitability of rubber lianes or creepers for culti- 
vation remains to be proved, and (2) the conditions of plant- 
ing in general in the Congo state have not been developed 
to a stage comparable with what prevails in Ceylon or 
Mexico. Bearing upon this point Mr. George Benielmans, 
of Ceylon, writes to the Tvopical Agriadturist : 

The rubber vines are planted in the forest cleared of jungle (un- 
derwood ) at the rate of at least 2000 plants to the hectare (about 
7.^2 acresj. Many die out, and up to date no results have been ob- 
tained, although, as I stated above, the first vine rubbers were 
planted in 1S99. Further, nothing proves that those creepers wmU 
be successful, as they are only a finger thick — notwithstanding 
their pretty good length. On the other hand, we must bear in 



mind that the nature of the rubber vines will never allow of the 
tapping methods suitable for the Hevea. Consequently Ceylon 
has still bright prospects before her! 

We do not know who this writer may be or his means of 
being informed, but no information is forthcoming that would 
point to any other view of the matter. It is true that of late 
more attention is being given to the planting of Fiititumia 
{Kickxia) elaslica, a rubber tree which has been proved in 
German colonies to be well suited for cultivation, but an im- 
portant point is whether the agents of trading companies 
who are planting rubber, not of their own volition but merely 
to comply with a state regulation, are likely to remain on the 
ground — after the native rubber resources have been ex- 
hausted — and give the newly planted trees the attention 
necessary for their development and ultimate productiveness. 
The condition in the Congo region as relates to the supply of 
native rubber is indicated by the fact that the imports from 
there at Antwerp have been declining so rapidly of late, al- 
though there is no indication of decreased activity on the 
part of the rubber trading companies in the collection of rub- 
ber. The Antwerp itnports of Congo rubbers reached 5,417,- 
456 pounds in 1901, and amounted in 1905 only to 4,442,607 
pounds. 



PLANTATION " RUBIO.' 



PL.ANT.VTION "Rubio," situated on one of the affluents 
of the Coatzacoalcos river in Mexico, is to-day prob- 
ably the largest area of planted Castillon elaatica in the 
world, there being more than 2300 acres planted, containing 
approximately 2,750,000 trees. The illustrations on this 
page show two views, one of 1902 planting, as what is 
known as Camp Ojo de Agua. Here the trees are about 18 
feet high on an average, and about 15 inches in circumfer- 
ence, 5 feet from the ground. The second picture shows a 
portion of the same territory, the planting being in the year 
following. The trees, which in the picture look like bushes, 
are really about 15 feet high and very thrifty. The fore- 
ground of the picture shows cleared land prepared for corn 
planting. Plantation "Rubio" is the property of The 
Tehuantepec Rubber Culture Co. (New York), a name many 
of the readers of this Journal are familiar with. This plant- 
ation is worthy of remark in being rubber alone, no coffee, 
cattle, gold mines, side crops or side issues being appended. 




PLANTATION RUBIO." 
[Camp Ojo de .\gua, IMaiitiiig of 1902] 



PLANTATION •' RUBIO." 
[1903 rianling; 1905 Clearing in Foreground.] 



150 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[February i, 1906. 



SOME NEW EXPERIMENTAL CALENDERS. 



THE illustrations on this page show new types of calen- 
ders designed for experimental rubber work and also 
for practical use in smaller factories. One of the machines, 
for building up into a slab pure gum or compounded stock, 
would seem to be fairly important, as much of this work 
is done, and it is necessary to laj' up tbe plys in such a way 
that they will be absolutely free from air. This slab build- 
ing calender is fitted with a drum covered with soft vulcan- 



which considerable pressure can be exerted. In this process 
the designer advises the cooling of the stock on the plate for 
twenty-four hours before removing. This is, in the opinion 
of the writer, a distinct disadvantage where much work is to 
be done. Nor is it apparent that engraved flat surfaces, where 
the plates must be duplicated many times, are superior to 
engraved rolls when one figures economy of product. This 
type of calender is 6 ■' 14 inches, the pressure drum being 2 
feet in diameter and placed directly under the bottom roll of 
the calender. A feature of it is the adjustable table on which 
the flat slabs are laid up. 

An adaptation of this calender is its arrange- 
ment for laying up plj-s of stock for the manu- 
facture of solid tires, and the designer claims 
that he secures much better results by this 
method than can be got from the tubing ma- 
chine. However practical these machines may 
be, they are certainly interesting and ingenious, 
and are designed and built by Mr. Arthur C. 

Stpiires, Akron, Ohio. 

* * * 

Another experimental calender, and one in- 
deed for accurate work where onl}- small batches 
are used, is manufactured b}' A. Adamson (Ak- 
ron, Ohio). The machine is excellently finished, 
the adjustment is absolutely accurate, and many 
kinds of work which can be done on a large cal- 
ender can be done even better on this machine. 
The rolls are 6X 14 inches, of chilled cast iron, 
cored for steam and water. The rolls run in 
bronze bearings, and are fitted 
with cast steel cut gears. The 
rolls of the mill are of the same 
size and are identical with the cal- 
ender rolls. The entire machine 
is placed on one bed plate, and is 
EXPERIMENTAL CALENDER FOR SLABBING AND ENQRAviNQ. SO arranged that either mill or cal- 

ender may be run separately or together. The machine is 
in no way a to}', but is a perfect working practical machine 
in every detail. 





ENGRAVED PLATES USED UNDER STABBING CALENDER. 

ized India-rubber, one half inch thick, the face being shel- 
lacked. By its use a slab can be built up to the thickness 
of 3 inches, the width being 22 inches and the length 6 feet. 
The designer expects it to be used for such work as heels, 
soles, valves, and articles are died out and made fit the mold 
with considerable exactness. 

The double texturing calender, on the other hand, is not 
intended for other than experimental work. The designer, 
however, believes that he has brought out something that 
will result in a new method of double texturing on full s zed 
three roll calenders. 

The third process demonstrated by an experimental machine 
is one for engraving and calendering stock flat, for water 
bottles, shoe uppers, soling, etc. This is done by running 
two ply compounded stock on long flat engraved metal plates, 
which are passed under the lower roll and over a soft rubber 
covered drum, the latter fitted with weights by the use of 




ADAMSON'S EXPERIMENTAL CALENDER. 



•■Nothing Like Leather (?) "—The heavy calfskin knap- 
sack formerly worn by the German soldier has been condemned 
by the War office and will be superseded by a light canvas 
article rubber coated. Another triumph for India-rubber ! 



February i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



151 



CRUDE AND RECLAIMED RUBBERS. 



A X MIAT measure of relief maybe afforded from the uii- 

* * ceasing strinsciicy of [)rices for crude rubber by the 
conditions governing the market for reclaimed rubber is a 
question of considerable concern to manufacturers in general, 
whose resources have already been taxed, in the substitution 
wherever possible of reclaimed for crude, during the last two 
years or more that the soaring tendency of prices for the 
latter has tended to restrict its consumption. While the 
growth of both crude and reclaimed rubber has progressed 
hand in hand with the steady extension of the mechanical 
rubber goods production during recent years, the gain in 
consumption of reclaimed has been decidedly more than pro- 
portionate to that of crude. 

Manufacturers have realized that the possibilities of a wider 
use for reclaimed rubber in their products offered the only 
solution of the problem presented, not only by the increase 
of the cost of crude, but also by the advance in duck, chemi- 
cals, etc. The finished articles could not be marketed at an 
advance commensurate with the increased cost of the raw 
materials, and unless the process of manufacture could be 
cheapened profits would be practically eliminated in many 
lines of goods. Meanwhile the reclaimers have resorted to 
every expedient to enhance the availability of their product, 
and with the broader fields thus established for its use, the 
improvement in quality has shown a consistent gain. Some 
rubber factories make their own reclaimed, and were perhaps 
in a position to realize more readily the practical application 
of such improvement to their various requirements than 
those factories dependent upon outside sources of supply. 

Among the manufacttired materials, certain molded goods 
have been found most susceptible to the addition of more re- 
covered rubber. In lower grades of hose, belting, packings, 
and other supplies for mechanical needs there has been a 
substantial increase in reclaimed in connection with crude 
rubber. In the cheap grades of sheet packing the high price 
of crude rubber and the low selling value of the finished 
product have combined to render the use of an3-thing but re- 
claimed partialh' out of the question. With the steady gain 
in the consumption of reclaimed rubber, not only with the 
growth of established industries but with the creation of new- 
lines and wider applications for rubber in general, the effect 
of this condition upon values for crude cannot be doubted. 
But for the possibilities of reclaimed it has been stated that 
prices for raw rubber might before now have touched a pro- 
hibitive basis. 

Old boots and shoes in the past have furnished the great 
proportion of scrap for reclaimed, the returns from this source 
being estimated, at one time, at 90 per cent, of all scrap. 
But nowadays many other forms of waste rubber are being 
utilized to advantage by the reclaimers, including the various 
grades of tire stock, the volume of which is becoming enor- 
mous, and from which excellent results are being attained 
under some processes of reclaiming. If any serious check 
should be encountered in the supply of old shoes, manufac- 
turers believe that the force of the situation would stimulate 
other sources of supply to help make up for any deficiency in 
reclaimed. The occasion is regarded as favorable for an in- 
creasing application of reclaimed, and there can be no doubt 
as to its continued influence in checking the advance in crude 
rubber prices. 



To sum up, the continual rise in the price of raw rubber 
has been an incentive to manufacturers to experiment more 
fully with reclaimed, by reason of which it is now utilized 
to advantage in places for which it was formerly thought 
unfitted. At the same time, there has been a gradual im- 
provement in reclaimed rubbers, which has further tended 
to their introduction. As a result, the pressure of the de- 
mand for raw rubber has been moderated, with the result of 
keeping down the price somewhat. 

One prominent reclaimer, in view of these facts, predicts 
that fine Para rubber will be selling at $1.10 within a 3-ear, 
but he always was an optimist. He is convinced, by the 
way, that even if crude prices should drop materially the 
newer uses of reclaimed which have developed recently 
would continue, on account of the satisfaction of manufac- 
turers witli the results. It may be pointed out that the 
present open winter in the United .States, indicating a re- 
duced sale of rubber footwear, may be the cause of a lessened 
collection of discarded boots and shoes next spring, after the 
snow disappears. 

A FRENCH DOCTOR ON RUBBER FOOTWEAR. 



TN a report on " Pneumonia and Colds, " which the French 
-*- Professor Dr. Bruet recently made before an audience 
consistingof scientists and students in the Paris vSchool of 
Medicine, he closed with a few words on the rubber shoe 
question. A translation of the remarks by the famous 
health specialist is derived from the Gtimmi-Zeitung : 

" And now, my honored listeners, I shall speak upon a 
subject which absolutely demands investigation, however 
trivial it may seem to many — I mean that the cause of so 
much taking cold, especially in the case of debilitated and 
nervous persons, and particularly in raw, unsettled weather, 
is generally the result of wearing light, flinisj' footwear. 
When one considers how easil}- a susceptible, delicate con- 
stitution is affected by any change in temperature on the 
feet, and how quickly the resulting uneasiness spreads 
through the whole body, he can better appreciate why doc- 
tors advise their patients, and delicate people generally, to 
be ver}' prudent in the choice of their footwear. In wet 
weather it is only too easy for persons so predisposed to 
contract severe colds, with the consequences of which, gen- 
tlemen, we physicians are thoroughlj- familiar. The public 
generally should be very careful to keep their feet warm in 
bad weather, and, when possible, to Vi'ear overshoes or rub- 
ber shoes, of which there is far too little use, particularly in 
the large cities, where one's health is most liable to attack, 
with the accompanj-ing expense and loss of time. ' ' 



An interesting incident is reported to the Diamond Rub- 
ber Co. (Akron, Ohio), by Dr. A. C. Helm, an automobilist 
of Jlilwaukee. After one of his " Diamond " tires had been 
used several months he noticed that it was showing signs 
of a puncture from the inside, and that at a certain place the 
surface was being pressed outwards. Looking inside he found 
between the air tube and the cover a lever such as is used to 
remove and put on tires. It was a piece of steel an inch 
wide, }s inch thick and 12 inches long, and had been dropped 
into the tire by Dr. Helm's chauffeur when he placed it on 
the rim six months before. This certainl}- is a severe test 
of the wearing qualities of a tire. 



152 



THE INDIA RUBBER WORLD 



[February i, 1906. 



RUBBER CUVtRbD SIGNAL WIRE. 

^X/ITH a view to increasing efllciency, and decreasing 
^ ^ the high casualty rate and the enormous money loss- 
es involved, the Railway Signal Association — ^an American or 
ganization — is laboring earnestlj- to secure a higher degree 
of quality in the rubber covered wires used in the various 
railwaj- signal systems now in operation. At the annual 
meeting of the association at Niagara Falls, on October 10-12, 
1905, a special committee that had made an investigation of 
the subject made a report that was of importance, its read- 
ing being followed by an interesting discussion. Hj- the 
way, there were 215 members present and 82 new members 
were elected. Nearly every important railroad and battery, 
signal manufacturing companj- in the United States was 
represented. 

The committee, after remarking generalh- upon the forces 
that affect the life and efficiency of signal wires, said that all 
railroad signal systems are supposed to be so designed that the 
failure of anj- part would cause the display of a stop indica- 
tion, and so be a factor on the side of safet\- ; all signal fail- 
ures are dangerous because they frequently lead to reckless 
running, and reckless running often means disaster. For 
these reasons it was unsafe and wasteful to use any but the 
best signal apparatus and material available. The report 
expresses regret that in the absence of rigid specifications 
signal companies are often tempted to suppl}- cheaper grades 
of material to enable them to underbid competitors, using 
rubber covered wire the insulation of w-hich, while of good 
quality, is so thin as to be unsuitable. The usefulness of 
such wire is soon destro3-ed, but much mischief is apt to be 
wrought before the deterioration is discovered and new wire 
installed. 

There is no manufactured product in which the buyer puts 
himself so thoroughly in the hands of the manufacturer as in 
rubber covered wires and cables, says the committee ; the 
manufacturers have shrouded the subject with much mys- 
tery, yet it cannot be denied that the purchaser is en- 
titled to know exactly what he has paid for. Speaking of 
rubber insulation in detail, the committee believes the vul- 
canized rubber compound must consist of not less than 30 
per cent, of the best grade of fine Para, mixed with sulphur 
and dry inorganic mineral matter only. Various methods 
were given for testing rubber covered wires for the purpose 
of determining just what the insulation is, and for showing 
how to detect defective or inadequate insulation. The manu- 
facturer should provide at his factory all apparatus and 
other facilities for making the required physical, cheniicnl, 
and electrical tests. 

President Morrison asked the wire manufacturers present 
if they could comply with the specifications ba.sed on the 
report. Mr. E. Morss, of the Simplex Electric Co., replied that 
speaking for his own and^three other companies, he could not 
conform exactly to the specifications. 

Mr. A. Ames, Jr., chairman of the special committee and 
signal engineer of the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern 
railroad, said he was using wire manufactured by a number 
of companies and all of it fully met the specifications called 
for in the report of the committee. He believed the manu- 
facturers present should sa\' what in detail was the matter 
with the specifications suggested, and tell why the)- could 
not meet them. 



Mr. Morss replied that bj- using more than 30 per cent, of 
rubber he could meet the requirements ; when he first spoke 
he had been thinking of a compound containing just 30 per 
cent, rubber and 70 per cent, dry mineral, and sulphur only, 
lie considered such a compound a poor one from an insulation 
standpoint. Other manufacturers he knew regarded as un- 
suited for the purpose and feared, on the question of life. 
If the 70 per cent, dry mineral clause was dropped the whole 
problem would be changed and become comparativelj' easy 
of solution. He was willing to give a 30 per cent, rubber 
compound if allowed to mix it as seemed to him best. Mr. 
Morss objected to Mr. Ames's specification regarding physi- 
cal requirements and suggested a number of tests that were 
different from those suggested bj- ^Ir. Ames. 

The suggestions of the committee were generally favored, 
the very few dissenters comprising those who, while they did 
not object to the 30 per cent, pure Para clause, did want to 
reserve the right to mix the remaining 70 per cent, of the 
component parts of the insulating compound according to 
their own ideas. 

Mr. J. E. Ham, of the Hazard Manufacturing Co., thought 
the specifications called for in Mr. Ames's report were all 
right in a general sense, but he would recommend that 
they be amended so as to permit the introduction of a small 
proportion of ingredients other than drj- mineral matter. 
The report was finall}' adopted in its entirety as a "report 
of progress. " 

BRITISH CABLE MAKERS' ASSOCIATION. 



' I ^HE following circular has been issued : 

-*- "As some considerable amount of misapprehension 
seems to have been created in the minds of electric cable users 
as to the objects and aims of the Cable Makers' Association as 
now constituted, we desire to state exactl)' w'hat the present 
position of the association is. Some seven years ago the 
leading cable makers decided that, vmless steps were taken to 
remedy the matter, the quality of the V. I. R. [vulcanized 
India-rubber] cables sold must ultimateh* deteriorate owing 
in great part to keen competition, and to prevent this they 
agreed amongst themselves to adopt as a minimum the com- 
petitive prices then prevailing, and to compete only in qiial- 
ity. To facilitate trade, and to protect the user, the cables of 
the three grades then most in use were standardized both as 
regards the weights and resistances of the copper conductors, 
the thickness of dielectric, and the protecting coverings over 
all. It wasfurther decided that for these grades onl)- the best 
rubber should be used, the quantity to be varied according to 
the grade, and the necessary ingredients added according to 
the e.xperience of each manufacturer. 

" Until recently only the.se association grades were made 
bj' the members of the association. Lately, however, a low-er 
class of cable has been adopted by some users, and they have 
])ointed out to members of the Cable Makers' Association 
that there is a real and legitimate demand for such cables for 
certain purposes, and that engineers and contractors would 
be glad to purchase in certain cases this lower class of cable 
from houses of good experience and repute who had hitherto 
abstained from selling any goods other than those of the high 
standard they had set up. As an outcomeof these represen- 
tations some of the members of the Cable Makers' Association 
placed on the market a lower class under the name of non- 



February i, 1906.] 



THE INDIA RUBBER ^VORLD 



153 



association cables, in the belief that, although admittedly the 
quality was lower, they should secure these special orders 
owing to their long experience in manufacture and their tech- 
nical skill. This action and the recognition by engineers 
and contractors of the advantages of buying from makers of 
the highest standing has led those make